Quotes of Eastern Orthodox Church



Quotes of Eastern Orthodox Church


Quotes of Saint Theophylact of Ochrid (+1107)




Quotes of Saint Theophylact of Ochrid (+1107)

The Glorification of the Saints in the Orthodox Church





The Glorification of the Saints in the Orthodox Church





This article was written by Fr. Joseph Frawley, a member of the Orthodox Church in America’s Canonization Commission. It was originally published in the April-May 2000 issue of The Orthodox Church Newspaper.

While the glorification of saints in the Orthodox Church has been taking place for nearly 2000 years, few people today are certain about how this really happens. Does the Church “make” a saint? Are there special panels which decide who can be considered for sainthood? Are saints “elected” by a majority vote? Does a person have to perform a certain number of miracles in order to quality as a saint? The answers to these questions may be surprising to some.

We know that there are several categories of saints: prophets, evangelists, martyrs, ascetics, holy bishops and priests, and those who live a righteous life “in the world.” What they all have in common is holiness of life. Three times in the Book of Leviticus (Ch 11, 19 and 20) God tells us to be holy, because He is holy. We must consecrate ourselves, for we are His people. Saint Peter reiterates this commandment in the new testament, challenging us to obey God’s commandments and submit our will to His will (1 Pet 1:16). Everyone is challenged to manifest holiness in their lives, for we all must become saints! This is our special – and common – calling from God. It is not something reserved for the clergy, monastics, or those who are “more pious.” Everyone who has been baptized into Christ must live in such a way that Christ lives within us. “Do you not know,” Saint Paul asks, “that you are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in you?” (1 Cor 3:16).

So, the glorification of saints in the Orthodox Church is a recognition that God’s holiness is manifested in the Church through these grace-filled men and women whose lives were pleasing to God. Very early on, the Church recognized the righteous ancestors of Christ (Forefathers), those who predicted His coming (Prophets), and those who proclaimed the Gospel (Apostles and Evangelists). Then those who risked their lives and shed their blood to bear witness to Christ (Martyrs and Confessors) were also recognized by the Church as saints. There was no special canonization process, but their relics were treasured and the annual anniversaries of their martyrdoms were celebrated. Later, the ascetics, who followed Christ through self denial, were numbered among the saints. Bishops and priests who proclaimed the True Faith and fought against heresy were added to the list. Finally, those in other walks of life who manifested holiness were recognized as saints.

While the glorification of a saint may be initiated because of miracles, it is not an absolute necessity for canonization. The Roman Catholic Church requires three verified miracles in order to recognize someone as a saint; the Orthodox Church does not require this. There are some saints, including Saint Nicodemos of the Holy Mountain (July 14) and Saint Innocent of Moscow (commemorated March 31), who have not performed any miracles, as far as we know. What is required is a virtuous life of obvious holiness. And a saint’s writings and preaching must be “fully Orthodox,” in agreement with the pure faith that we have received from Christ and the Apostles and taught by the Fathers and the Ecumenical Councils.

Can the Church “make” a saint? The answer is no. Only God can do that. We glorify those whom God Himself has glorified, seeing in their lives true love for God and their neighbors. The Church merely recognizes that such a person has cooperated with God’s grace to the extent that his or her holiness is beyond doubt.

Are saints “elected” by special panels or by majority vote? Again, the answer is no. Long before an official inquiry into a person’s life is made, that person is venerated by the people where he or she lived and died. His or her memory is kept alive by the people who pray for his or her soul or who ask him or her for intercession. Sometimes people will visit his or her grave or have icons painted through their love for the person. Then a request is made, usually through the diocesan bishop, for the Church to recognize that person as a saint. A committee, such as the Orthodox Church in America’s Canonization Commission, is formed to research the life of the person who is being considered for glorification and to submit a report to the Holy Synod stating its reasons why the person should or should not be recognized as a saint. Then the Holy Synod decides to number that person among the saints and have icons painted and liturgical services composed.

The formal Rite of Glorification begins with a final Memorial Service for the person about to be canonized, after which Vespers and Matins with special hymns to the saint are chanted and the saint’s icon is unveiled. The saint’s life is published and the date of his or her commemoration is established. The other Orthodox Churches are notified of the glorification so that they can place the new saint’s name on their calendars.

Through the prayers of all the saints, may we be encouraged to follow their example of virtue and holiness.

Give something, however small, to the one in need – Saint Gregory the Theologian (Nazianzus) (+390)



Give something, however small, to the one in need. For it is not small to one who has nothing. Neither is it small to God, if we have given what we could.

—Saint Gregory the Theologian (Nazianzus) (+390)

Η Αγία Παρθενομάρτυς Βαλβίνα (Μαλβίνα) της Ρώμης, ο πατέρας της Άγιος Μάρτυρας Κουϊρίνος ο Τριβούνος Ρωμαίος Στρατιώτης και οι Άγιοι Ιερομάρτυρες Αλέξανδρος Α´ 5ος Επίσκοπος Ρώμης, Εβέντιος και Θεόδουλος (+116)



Η Αγία Παρθενομάρτυς Βαλβίνα (Μαλβίνα) της Ρώμης, ο πατέρας της Άγιος Μάρτυρας Κουϊρίνος ο Τριβούνος Ρωμαίος Στρατιώτης και οι Άγιοι Ιερομάρτυρες Αλέξανδρος Α´ 5ος Επίσκοπος Ρώμης, Εβέντιος και Θεόδουλος (+116)


Αγία Παρθενομάρτυς Βαλβίνα (Μαλβίνα) της Ρώμης (+116) – 31 Μαρτίου

Άγιος Μάρτυρας Κουϊρίνος ο Τριβούνος της Ρώμης (+116) – 30 Απριλίου & 30 Μαρτίου

Άγιος Αλέξανδρος Α´, 5ος Επίσκοπος Ρώμης (+116) – 16 Μαρτίου & 3 Μαϊου


Η Αγία Παρθενομάρτυς Βαλβίνα ή Μαλβίνα της Ρώμης ήταν κόρη του Τριβούνου (αξιωματικός του Ρωμαϊκού στρατού) Αγίου Μάρτυρα Κουϊρίνου ο οποίος ήταν ο φύλακας των Χριστιανών φυλακισμένων Αγίου ιερομάρτυρος Αλεξάνδρου του Α´, 5ου Επισκόπου Ρώμης και άλλων Χριστιανών Μαρτύρων και ομολογητών.

Ο Κουϊρίνος διατάχθηκε να κρατήσει τον Άγιο Αλέξανδρο Α´ 5ο Επίσκοπο Ρώμης και έναν άνδρα με το όνομα Ερμή στη φυλακή λόγω της χριστιανικής τους πίστης. Κρατήθηκαν σε ξεχωριστές φυλακές που ήταν σε μεγάλη απόσταση μεταξύ τους. Και οι δύο ήταν αλυσοδεμένοι και καλά φυλασσόμενοι.

Ο Κουϊρίνος προσπαθούσε να μεταστρέψει τον Ερμή πίσω στους παλιούς ειδωλολατρικούς θεούς, αλλά υποσχέθηκε να γίνει Χριστιανός, αν ο Ερμής θα μπορούσε να αποδείξει ότι υπήρχε μετά θάνατον ζωή.

Ο Ερμής του εξήγησε ότι ο φυλακισμένος Επίσκοπος Ρώμης Αλέξανδρος έχει καλήτερα επιχειρήματα από ότι ο ίδιος και ζήτησε αρκετές φορές για να επισκεφθεί το κελλί της φυλακής του.

Αρχικά ο Κουϊρίνος συμφώνησε με αυτό, αλλά μετά από λίγο θύμωσε, πιστεύοντας ότι αυτές οι επισκέψεις ήταν περριτές και τους απαγόρευσε να μιλάνε ο ένας στον άλλο. Εκείνο το βράδυ ο Ερμής προσευχήθηκεκαι ένας Άγγελος Κυρίου εμφανίστηκε στον Άγιο Επίσκοπο Ρώμης Αλεξάνδρο, απελευθερώνοντας τις Continue reading “Η Αγία Παρθενομάρτυς Βαλβίνα (Μαλβίνα) της Ρώμης, ο πατέρας της Άγιος Μάρτυρας Κουϊρίνος ο Τριβούνος Ρωμαίος Στρατιώτης και οι Άγιοι Ιερομάρτυρες Αλέξανδρος Α´ 5ος Επίσκοπος Ρώμης, Εβέντιος και Θεόδουλος (+116)”

A Christian is not his own master, since all his time belongs to God – Saint Ignatius of Antioch, Syria (+108)

A Christian is not his own master, since all his time belongs to God.

—Saint Ignatius of Antioch, Syria (+108)

Η Ντιάνα και οι δύο Άγιοι Άγγελοι



Η Ντιάνα και οι δύο Άγιοι Άγγελοι

Μία νεαρή κοπέλλα ἐπέστρεφε μέ τά πόδια στό σπίτι της μετά ἀπό βραδινή διασκέδασι. Καθώς προχωροῦσε στό δρόμο, ἡ Ντιάνα παρακάλεσε τό Θεό νά τήν προστατεύη ἀπό κάθε κίνδυνο καί κακό.

Ὅταν ἔφτασε στό δρομάκι, γιά νά φτάση πιό γρήγορα σπίτι της, ἀποφάσισε νά τό ἀκολουθήση. Ὄμως, στά μισά τῆς διαδρομῆς, πρόσεξε ἕνα ἄνδρα πού στεκόταν λίγο παρακάτω, σάν νά τήν περίμενε. Ἀνησύχησε καί ἄρχισε νά προσεύχεται, ζητώντας βοήθεια.

Ἀμέσως τήν τύλιξε ἕνα ἀνακουφιστικό συναίσθημα ἠρεμίας καί ἀσφαλείας. Ἔνιωθε σάν νά περπατοῦσε κάποιος μαζί της. Ὅταν ἔφτασε τό τέλος ἐκείνου τοῦ δρόμου, πέρασε δίπλα ἀπ᾽ τόν ἄνδρα καί πῆγε σπίτι της ἀσφαλής. Τήν ἑπόμενη μέρα, διάβασε στήν ἐφημερίδα ὅτι βίασαν μία νεαρή κοπέλλα στόν ἴδιο δρόμο, εἴκοσι μόλις λεπτά ἀφότου εἶχε περάσει αὐτή.

Εὐχαριστώνας τό Θεό πού ἦταν ἀσφαλής καί γιά νά βοηθήση τή νεαρή γυναίκα, ἀποφάσισε νά πάη στό ἀστυνομικό τμῆμα. Πίστευε ὅτι μποροῦσε νά ἀναγνωρίση τόν ἄνδρα, γι᾽ αὐτό καί τούς εἶπε τήν ἱστορία. Μόλις εἶδε τούς ὑπόπτους, ἀμέσως ἀναγνώρισε τόν ἄνδρα πού εἶχε δεῖ στό δρομάκι τό προηγούμενο βράδυ.

Ὅταν εἶπαν στόν ἄνδρα ὅτι τόν εἶχαν ἀναγνωρίσει, ἀμέσως ἐκεῖνος κατέρρευσε καί ὁμολόγησε. Ὁ ἀστυνομικός εὐχαρίστησε τήν κοπέλλα γιά τή γενναιότητά της καί τήν ρώτησε ἄν ὑπῆρχε κάτι πού θά μποροῦσαν νά κάνουν γι᾽ αὐτήν. Ἐκείνη τούς ρώτησε ἄν μποροῦσαν νά κάνουν στόν ἄνδρα μία ἐρώτησι. Ἦταν περίεργη νά μάθη γιατί δέν εἶχε ἐπιτεθεῖ σ᾽ αὐτήν.

Ὅταν τόν ρώτησαν οἱ ἀστυνομικοί, ἐκεῖνος ἀπάντησε: “Γιατί δέν ἦταν μονή της. Εἶχε δύο ἄνδρες πού περπατοῦσαν μαζί της, ἕνα σέ κάθε πλευρό της”.