#1 – Кад је Енглеска била Православна ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* ORTHODOX ENGLAND – Serbian

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#1 – Кад је Енглеска била Православна

Heilige Ia von Irland & Cornwall (+450) ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* German

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

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Heilige Ia von Irland & Cornwall (+450)

Video: Santes Dilig (St Cenheidlo / St Endelienta) Cymru a Chernyw (+6ed ganrif) ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Welsh

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ORTHODOX HEART SITES

Santes Dilig (St Cenheidlo / St Endelienta)

Cymru a Chernyw (+6ed ganrif)

Saint Indract, St Dominica & their Companions, Martyrs in Shapwick, England, from Ireland (+718) – February 5

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Ireland

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Glanstobury Abbey, 7th century

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Holy Icon of Virgin Mary of Glastonbury

with Saints Indract & Dominica

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Saint Indract, St Dominica & their Companions,

Martyrs in Shapwick, England, from Ireland (+718)

February 5

The Irish Saints at Glastonbury c.700

On this day in the Old English Calendar commemorated SS Indractus, Dominica and their Companions. We have to rely on William of Malmsbury for information about these Martyrs, who were venerated at Glastonbury Abbey. Indractus was an Irish chieftain, who had been to Rome on pilgrimage with his wife, Dominica, and nine others, and on their return journey they decided to visit the “Second Rome”, as Glastonbury was called, because of its holy associations.

There is a tradition that both S. Patrick and S. Bridget spent some time at Glastonbury, and there is a district called Beckery, where Bridget is supposed to have founded a Convent at the foot of Weary-all Hill. It was at Mass in the Chapel of St. Mary Magdalene there, according to the History of John of Glastonbury, that King Arthur had the vision of the Cross and Our Lady with the Holy Child, which is commemorated in the Arms of the Abbey. Another Irish Saint claimed as a visitor to Glastonbury is Benignus, locally known as S. Bennings, who was servant and successor to S. Patrick. He settled at Meare three miles to the west, where he died, and his body was translated to the Abbey in 901, some four hundred years later.

These Irish connections may well have been an added attraction to Indractus and his fellow pilgrims, who settled in the district of Shapwick. The local people were heathen and thought the party were wealthy merchants, whereas their scrips only contained parsley and other seeds to be taken back to Ireland, and their pilgrim staves were tipped with brass and not gold. When they had killed them, the natives threw their bodies into a deep pit, but a column of light appeared by night revealing the grave of the Christian martyrs. Their bodies were taken up and buried in the Abbey in the eighth century during the restoration under King Ina.

Source:

http://celticsaints.org

http://celticsaints.org/2016/0205a.html

CELTIC SAINTS

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Glastonbury Abbey, England

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Finding the Faith of St Joseph of Arimathea: An Interview with Fr. Jonathan Hemmings, England ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* The tradition of faith in Great Britain goes back to the Apostolic era!

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ORTHODOX HEART

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England

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Finding the Faith of St Joseph of Arimathea:

An Interview with Fr. Jonathan Hemmings, England

╰⊰¸¸.•¨*

The tradition of faith in Great Britain goes back to the Apostolic era!

by Tudor Petcu

Source:

http://journeytoorthodoxy.com

http://journeytoorthodoxy.com/2016/10/finding-the-faith-of-joseph-of-arimathea/

JOURNEY TO ORTHODOXY

A Romanian writer, Tudor is a graduate of the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Bucharest, Romania. He has published a number of articles related to philosophy and theology in different cultural and academic journals. His work focuses on the evolution of Orthodox spirituality in Western societies as well and he is going to publish a book of interviews with Westerners converted to Orthodoxy. In this article, he interviews Fr. Jonathan Hemmings, Orthodox theologian, who is the priest of the Holy Life-Giving Cross Orthodox Church in Lancaster, UK, talks about faith and love in Christ.

╰⊰¸¸.•¨*

1.) Before discussing your conversion to Orthodoxy, I would appreciate it a lot if you could talk about your main spiritual experiences and journies untill you have discovered the Orthodox Church.

First of all, we need to be sure of what we mean when we use the term convert or “conversion.” We all need to be converted – both those who come from different traditions and confessions and those from traditionally Orthodox countries who are referred to as “cradle Orthodox”. Christianity is not a Philosophy, it is a relationship with the All Holy Trinity. We are converted to Christ and we are received into the (Orthodox) Church through Baptism and/or Chrismation. Sometimes this happens in the other order of events. Those who are Baptised Orthodox as babies need to employ the gift of the Holy Spirit given to them; those who are called to the Orthodox Christian faith are prompted by the same All Holy Spirit. As Metropolitan Kallistos said

“We Orthodox know where the Holy Spirit is but we cannot say where He is not.”

As scripture says

“the Holy Spirit moves where He wills.”

One has to experience the Orthodox Church either through her Liturgy or through the “living signposts of the faith” whom God sets before us if we are open to the Truth. By “ living signposts” I mean men and women who possess grace and in whom we see the light of Christ. Christianity in the west tends to be analytical and logical, Eastern Christianity is synthetic and mystical and engages the whole of our being.

You shall love the Lord your God with all your mind with all your strength, with all your heart and with all your soul.

The fact that we do metanoias (reverences or bows) shows that even prayer is a physical as well as a mental process. I have always believed in God, from a little child. I cannot remember a time when I did not believe in God. I had the right Christ, I just needed the right Church. Of course all this was a preparation for me to discover or rather recover the Orthodox faith.

2.) How would you characterise your own spiritual road to Orthodoxy? According to this question, would it be correct to say that Orthodoxy is able to heal the wounded souls?

I am like the Prodigal son in the parable who returns to his father. The Orthodox faith according to tradition was brought to Britain by St Joseph of Arimathea. An early Archbishop of Canterbury was Greek- St Theodore of Tarsus. St Constantine the Great was made Augustus Emperor here in York when he was in charge of the sixth Legion. So did not choose to find something “foreign” I returned to the Church which was established here in Britain.

The Orthodox Church is Universal as we proclaim on the Sunday of Orthodoxy. The Church is the hospital for souls. As Blessed Augustine said

“Our hearts are restless until they find their rest in God”

Restlessness of the spirit is a characteristic of this age. So I have not discovered something new, I have recovered something authentic and original.

3.) Considering all what you have experienced over the years from the spiritual point of view, why is Orthodoxy so precious and meaningful to you?

Well, I believe Orthodoxy is not only original, unchanged and authentic but it is the teaching and preaching of Christ’s Apostles (Kerygma and Paradosi). Tradition is not simply historical, it is vital and dynamic. The Orthodox way fulfils the needs of the whole person and makes the broken person whole. It is precious because it is the

“pearl of great price.”

Once you find it, then you must share this treasure with others and not keep it to yourself.

4.) Do you think that Orthodoxy could be considered a burning bush?

I have a stone from Mount Sinai which contains the image of the bush which Moses saw burning and yet which was not consumed. If you want to forge metal, you must first heat it and out it into the fire and then you can shape it to the tool you require. When we are put into the fire of God, the same happens. It is so God can shape us into the person that He has called us to be. When we are alive in God then we become all flame. We are standing on holy ground, so when we approach God we must do so with awe before the majestic power of God.

5.) Now, I would like you to tell me what does the Orthodox monasticism mean for you and what impressed you most in your monastic pilgrimage, if I can call it like that?

Orthodox Monasteries are “LightHouses” for souls. They are often remote and inaccessible because the quietness for the soul requires asceticism . They are full of angels because the angelic life is lived there. When we say in the Lord’s Prayer

“Thy kingdom come on earth as it is in heaven”

then this is what monks are doing. The very walls of the Churches are filled with prayer and so one can feel tangibly the peace of God. It is this peace which passes all understanding that one experiences. Again I say that Orthodoxy is Life in the sense that we experience it, we live it. I have been to many Orthodox Monasteries in Romania. The most memorable moments are when I met Pr Ioanichie Balan in Sihastria Monastery and when I served the Holy Liturgy with Pr. Teofil Paraian( the blind Staretz) at Sambata de Sus. These were moments when the veil between heaven and earth was very thin.

6.) What would be the difference between you as a heterodox and you as an Orthodox?

I am complete. When Our Lord died on the Cross he said in St Johns Gospel

“It is finished”

but this also means

“It is completed”

that is, the work of salvation. In this sense “conversion” is an extension of what I once was. As C. S. Lewis ( much respected by Orthodox) once put it

“Imagine yourself as a living house. God comes in to rebuild that house. At first, perhaps, you can understand what He is doing. He is getting the drains right and stopping the leaks in the roof and so on; you knew that those jobs needed doing and so you are not surprised. But presently He starts knocking the house about in a way that hurts abominably and does not seem to make any sense. What on earth is He up to? The explanation is that He is building quite a different house from the one you thought of – throwing out a new wing here, putting on an extra floor there, running up towers, making courtyards. You thought you were being made into a decent little cottage: but He is building a palace. He intends to come and live in it Himself.” (C.S. Lewis, Mere Christianity)

As I have said before, I have always loved God but the depths of Orthodoxy provide me with the resources that nourish my soul.

7.) I remember some words which impressed me much while I was discussing with a Swiss writer converted to Orthodoxy. He was saying that he was born to hate but through Orthodoxy reborn to love. How would you characterise these words as a convert to Orthodoxy?

We were all born to love. Christ summarised the Commandments as Loving God and Loving your neighbour. Orthodox Christianity can be summarised in these words. But love is a verb… we must put into action those things which we believe. I am sure the prisons in Romania are full of criminals who would call themselves Orthodox and who have been baptised as such, but sin found a place in their hearts. Glory to God he is merciful and loves mankind! And so we must live out our life in peace and repentance. Being Romanian does not make you Orthodox anymore than being Greek, Russian, Serb or British. There was no ethnic identity in the Garden of Eden before Adam and Eve’s transgressions. May the love of God embrace us all.

╰⊰¸¸.•¨*

This interview is one of many that will be published in the book “The rediscovery of Orthodox heritage of the West” by Tudor Petcu, containing interviews with different Westerners converted to Orthodoxy. It will be published in two volumes and the first one will appear by the end of this year.

Sainte Ia d’Irlande et de Cornouailles, Angleterre (+450) – 3 février ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* French

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

IRELAND OF MY HEART

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Irlande

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Sainte Ia d’Irlande et de Cornouailles, Angleterre (+450)

3 février

Sainte Ia (+450), ou Hia ou Ives, d’Irlande et de Cornouailles, était une sainte et martyre bretonne de la fin du 5e siècle en Cornouailles britannique, célébrée le 3 février.

Sainte Ia aurait été une princesse irlandaise, sœur de saint Erc. Disciple de saint Baricus, elle vint en missionnaire en Cornouailles rejoindre les saints Fingar et Piala.

D’après la biographie, elle aurait eu 777 compagnons et aurait traversé la mer d’Irlande sur une feuille de chou.

Sainte Ia fut martyrisée sur la rivière Hayle et enterrée à St Ives. Une église, qui lui est dédiée, a été construite sur sa tombe. Puis la ville s’est formée autour.

Source: Wikipedia

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St. Ives, Cornouailles, Angleterre

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Святая Ия (St Ia) Корневилльская Из Ирландии (+450) — Принцесса, христианская мученица – 3 февраля ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Russian

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IRELAND OF MY HEART

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RUSSIA OF MY HEART

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Ирландии

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Святая Ия (St Ia) Корневилльская Из Ирландии (+450)

Святая Ия Корневилльская Из Ирландии (V век) — принцесса, христианская мученица. Память 3 февраля.

Святая Ия Корневилльская (валл.: Ia), известная также как Хия (лат. Hia), или Эйа (Eia), или Ив (англ. Ives), была просветительницей Корнуолла, по преданию была ирландской принцессой, сестрой св. Эрка (Erc), Юни (Euny) и Анты (Anta). Она была обращена в Христову веру св. Патриком Старшим и решила отправиться с просветительской миссией в Корнуолл, вместе со свв. Фингаром (Fingar) и Фиалой (Piala).

Предание гласит, что они уплыли без неё. Оставшись на берегу и горько рыдая, она вознесла свою молитву ко Господу. Внезапно её внимание привлёк плававший перед нею маленький листик плюща. Она коснулась его посохом, намереваясь потопить, но количество листьев стало приумножаться, и они образовали плот, на котором она и переправилась через Ирландское море, прибыв в Пенвис (англ.) (Penwith), что в Корнуолле, даже раньше тех, кто оставил её на берегу.

Там она стала духовной ученицей св. Бервина (Berwyn), иначе Барика (Baricus, Barric), и вскоре она объединила свои усилия со св. Элвином (Elwyn) и его 777 соработниками.

Она основала храм в Пен Динас (англ.) (Pen Dinas), и её святой источник Вентон Эйа (Venton Eia), иначе Ффинан Ия (Ffynnon Ia) был неподалёку от Портмеора (Porthmeor). Она также построила часовню в Труне (Troon), что в приходе Кэмборн (англ.) (Camborne) неподалёку от другого источника, называемого Фентон Иар (Fenton Ear), или Ффинон Иа (Ffynnon Ia). Вероятно, она бывала и в Бретани, где Плуйе (англ.) (Plouyé) неподалёку от Карэ-Плуже (Carhaix) назван в честь неё.

Присутствие Ии не всем было по душе в тех краях — она была умучена на реке Хейл (англ.) (Hayle) и похоронена в местечке, называемом нынче Сент-Айвс (St Ives), что в Корнуолле, покровительницей которого она почитается. Над её могилой там была воздвигнута церковь, освящённая в её честь.

Святую Ию изображают одетой в белую шерсть, как ирландскую игумению, иногда с белой вуалью, иногда в короне и держащей листья.

Источник: Wikipedia

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Сент-Айвс (St Ives), Корнуолле

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בלדכילדיס הקדושה ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Eastern Orthodox Christian Church: The Life of Saint Bathildis in Hebrew language

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FRANCE OF MY HEART

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(+680) St Bathlildis בלדכילדיס הקדושה

בינואר 30

(Saint Bathlildis) בלדכילדיס הקדושה

בלדכילדיס או בלדתילד (Baldechildis וגם Balthild‏, Bathilda‏, Baudour או Bauthieult;‏ נולדה ב-626 לערך – נפטרה ב-30 בינואר 680) הייתה אשתו של כלוביס השני מלך נויסטריה ובורגונדיה.

שתי המסורות מציגות אותה כבת העלית האנגלו סקסית, ייתכן שהייתה קרובת משפחה של ריקברט, מלך ממלכת מזרח אנגליה, המלך הפגאני האחרון שם. אחרי שריקברט הודח מכס השלטון על ידי סיגיברט נמכרה בלדכילדיס לעבדות. היא הגיעה, עדיין כנערה צעירה, למשק הבית של ארכינולד (Erkinoald), שהיה המיורדומוס בנויסטריה, תחת כלוביס השני.

על פי ה-Vita Sanctae Bathildis, בלדכילדיס הייתה נערה יפה, חכמה, צנועה וקשובה לצרכיהם של אחרים. ארכינולד, שאשתו נפטרה, נמשך לשפחה ורצה להנשא לה. בלדכילדיס שלא רצתה להינשא לו התחבאה עד שהוא נישא בשנית. בשלב זה הבחין בה המלך כלוביס עצמו וביקש את ידה בשנת 649. על פי המסופר הייתה בת 19 בהינשאה לכלוביס והוא עצמו היה, לפי הגרסאות השונות, בין גיל 12 ל-16.

לפי המקורות, גם כמלכה נשארה צנועה וחסודה והתפרסמה בזכות תרומותיה הנדיבות ומעשי הצדקה שלה. בין תרומותיה היו מנזר קורבי (וכן מענק קיום שנתי עבורו מתוך המסים שנאספו בעיר פוס) ומנזר של (Chelles). היא תמכה גם בקדוש קלאודיוס ובמנזר שלו.

נולדו לה שלושה בנים שהפכו למלכים: כילדריך, כלותאר ותאודריק.

לאחר שנפטר בעלה, ככל הנראה בין השנים 655 ל-658 (התאריך המדויק אינו ידוע) ירש אותו בנה בן ה-5, כלותאר השלישי והיא הפכה לעוצרת בשמו עד הגיעו לגיל בגרות בשנת 664. כמלכה הייתה מדינאית מיומנת, ביטלה את המנהג של מסחר בעבדים נוצרים ואף ביקשה את שחרורם של ילדים שנמכרו לעבדות. על פי הסיפור, כאשר שלושת בניה הגיעו לגיל מתאים וקיבלו כל אחד נחלה (כלותאר בנויסטריה, כילדריק באוסטרזיה ותיאודוריך כנראה בבורגונדי) ויתרה בלדכילדיס על סמכויות השלטון ועל תוארה והצטרפה (או אולצה להצטרף) למנזר. את שארית חייה הקדישה כדי לשרת את העניים וחולים.

בלדכילדיס נקברה במנזר אותו הקימה, מנזר של מחוץ לפריז. הגיוגרפיה עליה (Vita Baldechildis) נכתבה זמן קצר לאחר מותה, כנראה בקהילת של. בדומה להגוגיורפיות אחרות על קדושים מהשושלת המרובינגית, גם הגיוגרפיה זו מספקת מספר עובדות היסטוריות. פולחן קדושים שלה החל בשנת 833 כאשר שרידיה הועברו מהמנזר הישן לכנסייה חדשה שנבנתה. בלדכילדיס הוכרזה כקדושה כ-200 שנה אחרי מותה על ידי האפיפיור ניקולאס הראשון.

בחקר היסטורי, למרות שההגיוגרפיה שלה מדגישה את צניעותה כשפחה, בהקשר של תרבות המאה השביעית נראה כי בלדכילדיס הייתה פילגש שהעניק ארכינולד כמתנה לכלוביס.

Source:

Wikipedia

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בלדכילדיס הקדושה

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Saint Bathildis, Queen of France & Nun of Chelles in France, from England (+680) – January 30

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Saint Bathildis,

Queen of France & Nun of Chelles in France, from England (+680)

January 30

Saint Balthild of Ascania (Old English: Bealdhild, ‘bold sword’ or ‘bold spear; around 626 – January 30, 680), also called Bathilda, Baudour, or Bauthieult, was the wife and queen of Clovis II, the king of Burgundy and Neustria (639–658).

Saint Balthild was sold into slavery as a young girl and served in the household of Erchinoald, the mayor of the palace of Neustria to Clovis.

Saint Balthild was born circa 626–627. She was beautiful, intelligent, modest and attentive to the needs of others. Erchinoald, whose wife had died, was attracted to Balthild and wanted to marry her, but she did not want to marry him. She hid herself away and waited until Erchinoald had remarried. Later, possibly because of Erchinoald, Clovis noticed her and asked for her hand in marriage.

Even as queen, Saint Balthild remained humble and modest. She is famous for her charitable service and generous donations. From her donations, the abbeys of Corbie and Chelles were founded: it is likely that others such as Jumièges, Jouarre and Luxeuil were also founded by the queen. She provided support for Saint Claudius of Besançon and his abbey in the Jura Mountains.

Saint Balthild bore Clovis three children, all of whom became kings: Clotaire, Childeric and Theuderic.

When Clovis died (between 655 and 658), his eldest son Clotaire succeeded to the throne, aged five. His mother St Balthild acted as the queen regent. As queen, she was a capable stateswoman. She abolished the practice of trading Christian slaves and strove to free children who had been sold into slavery. This claim is corroborated by Jane Tibbetts Schulenburg, who mentions that St Balthild and Saint Eloi (who was also known as Eligius, according to Dado) “worked together on their favorite charity, the buying and freeing of slaves”. After her three sons reached adulthood and had become established in their respective territories (Clotaire in Neustria, Childeric in Austrasia, and Theuderic in Burgundy), St Balthild withdrew to her favourite Abbey of Chelles near Paris.

Saint Balthild died on January 30, 680, and was buried at the Abbey of Chelles, east of Paris. Saint Balthild was canonised by Pope Nicholas I, around 200 years after her death.

Source:

Wikipedia

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St Bathildis

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Saints of France

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St Balthidis

Saint Wendreda, Hermitess of March, Cambridgeshire, England (+7th century) – January 22

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Saint Wendreda, Hermitess of March,

Cambridgeshire, England (+7th century)

January 22

Source:

http://www.antiochian.org/node/17342

ANTIOCHIAN ORTHODOX CHRISTIAN ARCDIOCESE OF NORTH AMERICA

St. Wendreda was the daughter of seventh-century King Anna, one of the earliest Christian kings. At a time when Christianity was putting down roots among the Anglo-Saxon peoples of England, St. Wendreda and her sisters, Etheldred and Sexburga, were enthusiastic missionaries spreading the Gospel of Christ.

Shunning the life of a princess, Wendreda dedicated herself to healing. She eventually settled in a small settlement called Mercheford, where some humble fisherman resided. Her sister, Etheldred, went on to found the monastery at Elyl, while her other sibling, Sexburga, became abbess of a monastery in Minster.

Later, Wendreda founded a community at March, Cambridgeshire, dedicated to healing. She passed peacefully into the heavenly kingdom, and her relics, enshrined in gold, were buried in the Ely Cathedral.

However, in 1016, the relics were carried off in battle in the hopes they would bring victory. At the Battle of Ashingdon, the conquering Danish king, a pagan, seized the relics, but soon was converted to Christianity. He took the relics to the Canterbury Cathedral where they rested for the next 300 years.

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St Wendreda

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