Holy Icon of All Saints of Ireland & British Isles

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IRELAND & BRITISH ISLES

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Holy Icon of All Saints of Ireland & British Isles

Some Orthodox Saints from Ireland, Russia, Norway, Holy Land, France, Egypt, England, Serbia, Asia Minor, Italy, Bulgaria, Spain & Romania – St Catherine’s Vision – PDF

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Click to access SCV%20DC%20Saints%20June%202014.pdf

Some Orthodox Saints from Ireland, Russia,

Norway, Holy Land, France, Egypt, England, Serbia, Asia Minor,

Italy, Bulgaria, Spain & Romania

╰⊰¸¸.•¨*

St Catherine’s Vision

Saint Begnet of Ireland & her Holy Well in Dalkey Island, Ireland (+7th century) – November 12

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IRELAND OF MY HEART

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Saint Begnet of Ireland and her Holy Well

in Dalkey Island, Ireland (7th century)

Feast day: November 12

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Saint Begnet (also Begneta, Begnete, Begnait or Becnait) is a patron saint of Dalkey, Ireland. The name Begnet is most likely a diminutive form of Beg or Bec. She is noted as a “virgin, not a martyr”. St Begnet was an Irish princess who lived in the 7th century. Her feast day is November 12. Two ruined churches in Dalkey are named for Begnet, one on Dalkey Island, and the other near the 15th-century stone townhouse now serving as Dalkey Castle and Heritage Centre, in the area known as Kilbegnet. A holy well located near the martello tower on the island is also associated with her.

St Begnet’s father was Colman, the son of Aedh in the parish of Kilbegnatan (Kilbegnet or Cill Becnait). Like many other female virgin saints, she is described as beautiful and desirable, but she refused her numerous suitors in favor of religious devotion. Her social status is sometimes given as “Irish princess”, and thus she would have been a valuable bride. She is said variously to have lived as an anchorite or to have served as the first abbess of nuns on a small island off the coast of England.

She gave her name to the two churches in the area and Dalkey town and surrounding area was for many centuries known as Kilbegnet. Perhaps she came from Dalkey, or perhaps she sailed from here to pioneer her religious order. It may also be possible the churches were dedicated to her memory by missionaries, spreading the faith after her death.

As a child, St Begnet was visited by an angel who gave her a bracelet inscribed with a cross as a mark of her vocation.

St Begnet grew up to become a beautiful woman and had many suitors. Her parents arranged her marriage to the son of the King of Norway. But still dedicated to the vows she had taken, Begnet had no wish to take a husband. To avoid marriage, she left home, leaving everything but the bracelet given to her by the Angel. She found passage in a small boat and sailed to Northumbria on the West Coast of England. There she was received into the Church by Bishop Aidan and became the first abbess of nuns. Her convent was constantly plundered by pirates, so after several years Begnet moved inland towards Cumberland.

Her bracelet became an object of veneration after her death.

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Saint Begnet’s Well

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Dalkey Island, Ireland

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Dalkey Village, Ireland

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St Begnet’s Church, 9th century

 

St Begnet’s Church

The 9th century granite church named after the virgin Saint, St Begnet, probably replaced an earlier wooden church dating back to the Early Christian period. The Nave dates to the 10th century and later the Bellcote and Chancel were added in the 13th century. Inside the Nave on the eastern side of the doorway is a Stoup and there is an Ambry built into the southern wall of the chancel. Scattered throughout the graveyard are a number of decorated headstones and on the northern side of the church is a rare Tau Cross.

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The ruin of the church of St. Begnet on Dalkey Island, Ireland

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Goat Castle, Dalkey Village, Ireland

Dalkey heritage centre

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Rathdown Slab

In the Dalkey heritage centre there is the Rathdown Slab. The slab was found in the graveyard surrounding St Begnet’s Church in 1855. The Rathdown Slabs are usually linked to churches dated to the 11th and 12th century. The first slabs were recorded by Austin Cooper in 1781 and since then the number of viking slabs has risen to around 30. This particular slab is one of the finest examples and standing at about 5 ft tall one of the largest. It is thought the slab may have been decorated originally with viking art such as the cup marks, but that a number of christian symbols such as the large ring with a cross in the centre, may have been added later. Other examples have been recorded at Kilgobbin Church, Rathmichael Church, Whitechurch, Ballyman, Kiltiernan, Tully Church, Killegar and more recently in Dundrum.

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St Begnat’s Church of 9th century

in Dalkey Village

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Saint Palladius 1st Bishop of Ireland & Scotland, from France (+450) – July 6

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

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Saint Palladius 1st Bishop of Ireland & Scotland, 

from France (+450)

July 6

Saint Palladius was the first Bishop of the Christians of Ireland, preceding Saint Patrick.

The Palladii were thought to be amongst the most noble families of Gaul, and several of them held high ranks in the Church of Gaul. Saint Palladius was the son of Exuperantius of Poitiers.

Saint Palladius held the (higher) rank of Deacon of Rome.

Saint Palladius was married and had a young daughter. In Rome, he kissed his family goodbye in the manner of the Apostles, and lived as an ascetic in Sicily around 408-409, giving his daughter to a convent on that island. He seems to have been ordained as a priest around 415. He lived in Rome between 418–429, and appears to be the “Deacon Palladius”, responsible for urging Pope Celestine I to send the bishop Germanus to Britain, where he guided the Britons back to the Orthodox faith.

Ireland

In 431, he have been sent as the first bishop to the Christians of Ireland: Palladius, having been ordained by Pope Celestine, is sent as first bishop to the Irish believing in Christ. Palladius landed at Hy-Garchon, where the town of Wicklow now stands.

Irish writers that chronicled the life of St. Patrick state that St. Palladius preached in Ireland before St. Patrick, although he was soon banished by the King of Leinster, and returned to North Britain. According to Muirchu (who lived two centuries later) in the Book of Armagh, God hindered him…and neither did those fierce and cruel men receive his doctrine readily, nor did he himself wish to spend time in a strange land, but returned to him who sent him. Palladius was accompanied by four companions: Sylvester and Solinus, who remained after him in Ireland, and Augustinus and Benedictus, who followed him to Britain but returned to their own country after his death. Palladius is most strongly associated with Leinster, particularly with Clonard, County Meath.

Scotland

According to St. Prosper, Palladius arrived among the Scots in North Britain (in the consulate of Bassus and Antiochus) after he left Ireland in 431. Scottish church tradition holds that he presided over a Christian community there for about 20 years.

 

St Palladius’s Chapel

5th century shrine is among the earliest Christian sites in Scotland.

Fordoun was the site of a chapel founded by the 5th century saint, Palladius, who is said to have preached and died here.

The saint’s relics were preserved in a silver shrine with the chapel that he built at Fordoun.

The chapel – also known as Paldy Kirk – was the mother church for the Mearns region. The ruins of a 13th century chapel built on the site of the original 5th century building can still be seen beside the later church and there is still a well known as St Palladius’s Well in the grounds of the manse.

The ancient ruins were rebuilt in the 16th century and again in 1788. In 1828 the roof collapsed and the chapel was finally abandoned in favour of the new and much grander building we see today. Within the ruined 13th century building is a holy water stoup and an aumbry in the north wall. The three large lancets are a 17th century addition.

The most intriguing feature in the chapel ruins is not above ground however. Protected by a metal grate are stone steps leading down into the earth to a crypt unse the chapel floor.

One plausible theory is that the crypt was where the relics of St Palladius were held, and where pilgrims came to visit his shrine. King Kenneth III was one of those piulgrims; it is said that he was on his way to Fordoun when he died in 994 AD.

In the vestibule of the church is the Fordoun Stone, a beautifully carved Pictish cross slab. This was discovered in 1787 when the pulpit of the chapel was pulled down. The cross may have been hidden here during the Reformation. It shows a marvellously intricate cross and traditional pictish symbols, plus inscriptions in Ogham and a Roman script.

There are several interesting old gravestones near the chapel (some actually leaning agaimst the chapel wall). One stone to William Christison has a rather pointed reminder (literally); a finger points upwards to the heavens above, and a single word is carved – ‘Home’.

Palladius was the first Christian missionery in northern Scotland. He was ordained a priest by Pope Celestine in 430 AD, and is thought to have preached in Ireland before arriving in the Mearns area of Scotland. Presumably he found the natives less than receptive, for his martyrdom occurred not long after his arrival.

The chapel is accessible at any time.

Video: Heilige Ia von Irland und Cornwall (+450) ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* German

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

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Heilige Ia von Irland und Cornwall (+450)

Video: #1 – Кад је Енглеска била Православна ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* ORTHODOX ENGLAND – Serbian

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

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#1 – Кад је Енглеска била Православна

Video: Santes Dilig (St Cenheidlo / St Endelienta) Cymru a Chernyw (+6ed ganrif) ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Welsh

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ORTHODOX HEART SITES

Santes Dilig (St Cenheidlo / St Endelienta)

Cymru a Chernyw (+6ed ganrif)

Saint Indract, St Dominica & their Companions, Martyrs in Shapwick, England, from Ireland (+718) – February 5

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

IRELAND OF MY HEART

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Ireland

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Glanstobury Abbey, 7th century

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Holy Icon of Virgin Mary of Glastonbury

with Saints Indract & Dominica

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Saint Indract, St Dominica & their Companions,

Martyrs in Shapwick, England, from Ireland (+718)

February 5

The Irish Saints at Glastonbury c.700

On this day in the Old English Calendar commemorated SS Indractus, Dominica and their Companions. We have to rely on William of Malmsbury for information about these Martyrs, who were venerated at Glastonbury Abbey. Indractus was an Irish chieftain, who had been to Rome on pilgrimage with his wife, Dominica, and nine others, and on their return journey they decided to visit the “Second Rome”, as Glastonbury was called, because of its holy associations.

There is a tradition that both S. Patrick and S. Bridget spent some time at Glastonbury, and there is a district called Beckery, where Bridget is supposed to have founded a Convent at the foot of Weary-all Hill. It was at Mass in the Chapel of St. Mary Magdalene there, according to the History of John of Glastonbury, that King Arthur had the vision of the Cross and Our Lady with the Holy Child, which is commemorated in the Arms of the Abbey. Another Irish Saint claimed as a visitor to Glastonbury is Benignus, locally known as S. Bennings, who was servant and successor to S. Patrick. He settled at Meare three miles to the west, where he died, and his body was translated to the Abbey in 901, some four hundred years later.

These Irish connections may well have been an added attraction to Indractus and his fellow pilgrims, who settled in the district of Shapwick. The local people were heathen and thought the party were wealthy merchants, whereas their scrips only contained parsley and other seeds to be taken back to Ireland, and their pilgrim staves were tipped with brass and not gold. When they had killed them, the natives threw their bodies into a deep pit, but a column of light appeared by night revealing the grave of the Christian martyrs. Their bodies were taken up and buried in the Abbey in the eighth century during the restoration under King Ina.

Source:

http://celticsaints.org

http://celticsaints.org/2016/0205a.html

CELTIC SAINTS

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Glastonbury Abbey, England

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Finding the Faith of St Joseph of Arimathea: An Interview with Fr. Jonathan Hemmings, England ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* The tradition of faith in Great Britain goes back to the Apostolic era!

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

ORTHODOX HEART

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England

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Finding the Faith of St Joseph of Arimathea:

An Interview with Fr. Jonathan Hemmings, England

╰⊰¸¸.•¨*

The tradition of faith in Great Britain goes back to the Apostolic era!

by Tudor Petcu

Source:

http://journeytoorthodoxy.com

Finding the Faith of Joseph of Arimathea: An Interview with Fr. Jonathan Hemmings

JOURNEY TO ORTHODOXY

A Romanian writer, Tudor is a graduate of the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Bucharest, Romania. He has published a number of articles related to philosophy and theology in different cultural and academic journals. His work focuses on the evolution of Orthodox spirituality in Western societies as well and he is going to publish a book of interviews with Westerners converted to Orthodoxy. In this article, he interviews Fr. Jonathan Hemmings, Orthodox theologian, who is the priest of the Holy Life-Giving Cross Orthodox Church in Lancaster, UK, talks about faith and love in Christ.

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1.) Before discussing your conversion to Orthodoxy, I would appreciate it a lot if you could talk about your main spiritual experiences and journies untill you have discovered the Orthodox Church.

First of all, we need to be sure of what we mean when we use the term convert or “conversion.” We all need to be converted – both those who come from different traditions and confessions and those from traditionally Orthodox countries who are referred to as “cradle Orthodox”. Christianity is not a Philosophy, it is a relationship with the All Holy Trinity. We are converted to Christ and we are received into the (Orthodox) Church through Baptism and/or Chrismation. Sometimes this happens in the other order of events. Those who are Baptised Orthodox as babies need to employ the gift of the Holy Spirit given to them; those who are called to the Orthodox Christian faith are prompted by the same All Holy Spirit. As Metropolitan Kallistos said

“We Orthodox know where the Holy Spirit is but we cannot say where He is not.”

As scripture says

“the Holy Spirit moves where He wills.”

One has to experience the Orthodox Church either through her Liturgy or through the “living signposts of the faith” whom God sets before us if we are open to the Truth. By “ living signposts” I mean men and women who possess grace and in whom we see the light of Christ. Christianity in the west tends to be analytical and logical, Eastern Christianity is synthetic and mystical and engages the whole of our being.

You shall love the Lord your God with all your mind with all your strength, with all your heart and with all your soul.

The fact that we do metanoias (reverences or bows) shows that even prayer is a physical as well as a mental process. I have always believed in God, from a little child. I cannot remember a time when I did not believe in God. I had the right Christ, I just needed the right Church. Of course all this was a preparation for me to discover or rather recover the Orthodox faith.

2.) How would you characterise your own spiritual road to Orthodoxy? According to this question, would it be correct to say that Orthodoxy is able to heal the wounded souls?

I am like the Prodigal son in the parable who returns to his father. The Orthodox faith according to tradition was brought to Britain by St Joseph of Arimathea. An early Archbishop of Canterbury was Greek- St Theodore of Tarsus. St Constantine the Great was made Augustus Emperor here in York when he was in charge of the sixth Legion. So did not choose to find something “foreign” I returned to the Church which was established here in Britain.

The Orthodox Church is Universal as we proclaim on the Sunday of Orthodoxy. The Church is the hospital for souls. As Blessed Augustine said

“Our hearts are restless until they find their rest in God”

Restlessness of the spirit is a characteristic of this age. So I have not discovered something new, I have recovered something authentic and original.

3.) Considering all what you have experienced over the years from the spiritual point of view, why is Orthodoxy so precious and meaningful to you?

Well, I believe Orthodoxy is not only original, unchanged and authentic but it is the teaching and preaching of Christ’s Apostles (Kerygma and Paradosi). Tradition is not simply historical, it is vital and dynamic. The Orthodox way fulfils the needs of the whole person and makes the broken person whole. It is precious because it is the

“pearl of great price.”

Once you find it, then you must share this treasure with others and not keep it to yourself.

4.) Do you think that Orthodoxy could be considered a burning bush?

I have a stone from Mount Sinai which contains the image of the bush which Moses saw burning and yet which was not consumed. If you want to forge metal, you must first heat it and out it into the fire and then you can shape it to the tool you require. When we are put into the fire of God, the same happens. It is so God can shape us into the person that He has called us to be. When we are alive in God then we become all flame. We are standing on holy ground, so when we approach God we must do so with awe before the majestic power of God.

5.) Now, I would like you to tell me what does the Orthodox monasticism mean for you and what impressed you most in your monastic pilgrimage, if I can call it like that?

Orthodox Monasteries are “LightHouses” for souls. They are often remote and inaccessible because the quietness for the soul requires asceticism . They are full of angels because the angelic life is lived there. When we say in the Lord’s Prayer

“Thy kingdom come on earth as it is in heaven”

then this is what monks are doing. The very walls of the Churches are filled with prayer and so one can feel tangibly the peace of God. It is this peace which passes all understanding that one experiences. Again I say that Orthodoxy is Life in the sense that we experience it, we live it. I have been to many Orthodox Monasteries in Romania. The most memorable moments are when I met Pr Ioanichie Balan in Sihastria Monastery and when I served the Holy Liturgy with Pr. Teofil Paraian( the blind Staretz) at Sambata de Sus. These were moments when the veil between heaven and earth was very thin.

6.) What would be the difference between you as a heterodox and you as an Orthodox?

I am complete. When Our Lord died on the Cross he said in St Johns Gospel

“It is finished”

but this also means

“It is completed”

that is, the work of salvation. In this sense “conversion” is an extension of what I once was. As C. S. Lewis ( much respected by Orthodox) once put it

“Imagine yourself as a living house. God comes in to rebuild that house. At first, perhaps, you can understand what He is doing. He is getting the drains right and stopping the leaks in the roof and so on; you knew that those jobs needed doing and so you are not surprised. But presently He starts knocking the house about in a way that hurts abominably and does not seem to make any sense. What on earth is He up to? The explanation is that He is building quite a different house from the one you thought of – throwing out a new wing here, putting on an extra floor there, running up towers, making courtyards. You thought you were being made into a decent little cottage: but He is building a palace. He intends to come and live in it Himself.” (C.S. Lewis, Mere Christianity)

As I have said before, I have always loved God but the depths of Orthodoxy provide me with the resources that nourish my soul.

7.) I remember some words which impressed me much while I was discussing with a Swiss writer converted to Orthodoxy. He was saying that he was born to hate but through Orthodoxy reborn to love. How would you characterise these words as a convert to Orthodoxy?

We were all born to love. Christ summarised the Commandments as Loving God and Loving your neighbour. Orthodox Christianity can be summarised in these words. But love is a verb… we must put into action those things which we believe. I am sure the prisons in Romania are full of criminals who would call themselves Orthodox and who have been baptised as such, but sin found a place in their hearts. Glory to God he is merciful and loves mankind! And so we must live out our life in peace and repentance. Being Romanian does not make you Orthodox anymore than being Greek, Russian, Serb or British. There was no ethnic identity in the Garden of Eden before Adam and Eve’s transgressions. May the love of God embrace us all.

╰⊰¸¸.•¨*

This interview is one of many that will be published in the book “The rediscovery of Orthodox heritage of the West” by Tudor Petcu, containing interviews with different Westerners converted to Orthodoxy. It will be published in two volumes and the first one will appear by the end of this year.

Saint Modan, Missionary in Scotland, Founder & Abbot of Dryburgh Abbey & hermit in Dumbarton, Scotland, from Ireland (+6th century) – February 4

http://orthodox-synaxarion.blogspot.com

ORTHODOX SYNAXARION OF CELTIC SAINTS & ALL SAINTS

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Dryburgh Abbey, Scotland

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Saint Modan, Missionary in Scotland,

Founder & Abbot of Dryburgh Abbey,

& hermit in Dumbarton, Scotland

from Ireland (+6th century)

February 4

Saint Modan was the son of an Irish chieftain. He became a monk and built a chapel at Dryburgh, Scotland, in 522 which he used as a base for several years. This later became the site of a monastery: Dryburgh Abbey.

He was a Missionary in the Falkirk and Stirling areas, and along the Forth, in Scotland continuing until he was elected abbot, a post which he accepted reluctantly. After a number of years he resigned and became a hermit, settling in the Dumbarton area, where he eventually died. His relics were enshrined at Rosneath, Scotland.

Source:

Wikipedia

&

http://gkiouzelis.blogspot.com

Orthodox Heart Sites

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Dryburgh Abbey, Scotland

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Святой Модан (St Modan) настоятель монастыря Дрибурх, отшельник, память (VI) – 4 февраля & 30 августа

http://orthodox-synaxarion.blogspot.com

ORTHODOX SYNAXARION OF CELTIC SAINTS & ALL SAINTS

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монастырь Дрибурх (Dryburgh Abbey)

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Святой Модан (VI)

настоятель монастыря Дрибурх, отшельник, память

4 февраля & 30 августа

Святой Модан (St Modan) был сыном вождя одного из племён Ирландии. Он стал монахом и в 522 году построил часовню в Дрибурхе (англ.) (Dryburgh), Шотландия, около которой впоследствии возник монастырь Дрибурх (англ.) (Dryburgh Abbey).

Он вёл активную проповедь от лица кельтской церкви в окрестностях Фолкерка и Стерлинга, а также вдоль Ферт-оф-Форта, покуда не был избран настоятелем, место которого он занял неохотно. Через несколько лет он оставил настоятельство и стал жить отшельником, поселившись около Дамбартона (Dumbarton), где и отошёл ко Господу. Его мощи почивают в храме св. Модана в Росните (англ.) (Rosneath).

Wikipedia

&

http://gkiouzelis.blogspot.com

Orthodox Heart Sites

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монастырь Дрибурх (Dryburgh Abbey)

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Sainte Ia d’Irlande et de Cornouailles, Angleterre (+450) – 3 février ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* French

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

IRELAND OF MY HEART

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Irlande

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Sainte Ia d’Irlande et de Cornouailles, Angleterre (+450)

3 février

Sainte Ia (+450), ou Hia ou Ives, d’Irlande et de Cornouailles, était une sainte et martyre bretonne de la fin du 5e siècle en Cornouailles britannique, célébrée le 3 février.

Sainte Ia aurait été une princesse irlandaise, sœur de saint Erc. Disciple de saint Baricus, elle vint en missionnaire en Cornouailles rejoindre les saints Fingar et Piala.

D’après la biographie, elle aurait eu 777 compagnons et aurait traversé la mer d’Irlande sur une feuille de chou.

Sainte Ia fut martyrisée sur la rivière Hayle et enterrée à St Ives. Une église, qui lui est dédiée, a été construite sur sa tombe. Puis la ville s’est formée autour.

Source: Wikipedia

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St. Ives, Cornouailles, Angleterre

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Святая Ия (St Ia) Корневилльская Из Ирландии (+450) — Принцесса, христианская мученица – 3 февраля ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Russian

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IRELAND OF MY HEART

GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

RUSSIA OF MY HEART

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Ирландии

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Святая Ия (St Ia) Корневилльская Из Ирландии (+450)

Святая Ия Корневилльская Из Ирландии (V век) — принцесса, христианская мученица. Память 3 февраля.

Святая Ия Корневилльская (валл.: Ia), известная также как Хия (лат. Hia), или Эйа (Eia), или Ив (англ. Ives), была просветительницей Корнуолла, по преданию была ирландской принцессой, сестрой св. Эрка (Erc), Юни (Euny) и Анты (Anta). Она была обращена в Христову веру св. Патриком Старшим и решила отправиться с просветительской миссией в Корнуолл, вместе со свв. Фингаром (Fingar) и Фиалой (Piala).

Предание гласит, что они уплыли без неё. Оставшись на берегу и горько рыдая, она вознесла свою молитву ко Господу. Внезапно её внимание привлёк плававший перед нею маленький листик плюща. Она коснулась его посохом, намереваясь потопить, но количество листьев стало приумножаться, и они образовали плот, на котором она и переправилась через Ирландское море, прибыв в Пенвис (англ.) (Penwith), что в Корнуолле, даже раньше тех, кто оставил её на берегу.

Там она стала духовной ученицей св. Бервина (Berwyn), иначе Барика (Baricus, Barric), и вскоре она объединила свои усилия со св. Элвином (Elwyn) и его 777 соработниками.

Она основала храм в Пен Динас (англ.) (Pen Dinas), и её святой источник Вентон Эйа (Venton Eia), иначе Ффинан Ия (Ffynnon Ia) был неподалёку от Портмеора (Porthmeor). Она также построила часовню в Труне (Troon), что в приходе Кэмборн (англ.) (Camborne) неподалёку от другого источника, называемого Фентон Иар (Fenton Ear), или Ффинон Иа (Ffynnon Ia). Вероятно, она бывала и в Бретани, где Плуйе (англ.) (Plouyé) неподалёку от Карэ-Плуже (Carhaix) назван в честь неё.

Присутствие Ии не всем было по душе в тех краях — она была умучена на реке Хейл (англ.) (Hayle) и похоронена в местечке, называемом нынче Сент-Айвс (St Ives), что в Корнуолле, покровительницей которого она почитается. Над её могилой там была воздвигнута церковь, освящённая в её честь.

Святую Ию изображают одетой в белую шерсть, как ирландскую игумению, иногда с белой вуалью, иногда в короне и держащей листья.

Источник: Wikipedia

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Сент-Айвс (St Ives), Корнуолле

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Saint Nathalan (St Nachlan), Bishop of Tullich, Scotland (+678) – January 19

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

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The ancient Cowie Church of St Nathalan in Scotland

7th century

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Saint Nathalan / Nachlan

Bishop of Tullich, Scotland (+678)

January 19

Saint Nathalan or Nachlan (+678) is a saint who was active in the district now known as Aberdeenshire, Scotland. He is also known by the names Saint Nachlan and Saint Nauchlan.

Saint Nathalan was born in the village of Tullich, for which he was eventually appointed as bishop. The earliest church in Tullich was founded by Saint Nathalan in the 7th century. He also built churches at Bothelim and Colle. He was a nobleman who cultivated. He possessed a large estate, which he cultivated and distributed his harvest generously to the poor. He was one of the Apostles of that country.

Saint Nathalan is reputed to have built the first small chapel on the windswept clifftop at Cowie sometime during the 7th century.

One very rainy summer the great saint, in a moment’s weakness, cursed the rain which was hindering the harvest. In penitence for his great sin in cursing God’s creation, Saint Nathalan padlocked his right arm to his right leg, tossed the key into the River Dee and set off to walk to Rome to seek forgiveness. Upon reaching Rome he sat down to supper. However, when he cut open the fish laid before him he found the very key that he had thrown into the Dee many months previously. A pool in the river nearby is still known as “the key pool” for this reason.

Saint Nathalan died on 678.

Source: Wikipedia

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Saint Bathildis, Queen of France & Nun of Chelles in France, from England (+680) – January 30

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

FRANCE OF MY HEART

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Saint Bathildis,

Queen of France & Nun of Chelles in France, from England (+680)

January 30

Saint Balthild of Ascania (Old English: Bealdhild, ‘bold sword’ or ‘bold spear; around 626 – January 30, 680), also called Bathilda, Baudour, or Bauthieult, was the wife and queen of Clovis II, the king of Burgundy and Neustria (639–658).

Saint Balthild was sold into slavery as a young girl and served in the household of Erchinoald, the mayor of the palace of Neustria to Clovis.

Saint Balthild was born circa 626–627. She was beautiful, intelligent, modest and attentive to the needs of others. Erchinoald, whose wife had died, was attracted to Balthild and wanted to marry her, but she did not want to marry him. She hid herself away and waited until Erchinoald had remarried. Later, possibly because of Erchinoald, Clovis noticed her and asked for her hand in marriage.

Even as queen, Saint Balthild remained humble and modest. She is famous for her charitable service and generous donations. From her donations, the abbeys of Corbie and Chelles were founded: it is likely that others such as Jumièges, Jouarre and Luxeuil were also founded by the queen. She provided support for Saint Claudius of Besançon and his abbey in the Jura Mountains.

Saint Balthild bore Clovis three children, all of whom became kings: Clotaire, Childeric and Theuderic.

When Clovis died (between 655 and 658), his eldest son Clotaire succeeded to the throne, aged five. His mother St Balthild acted as the queen regent. As queen, she was a capable stateswoman. She abolished the practice of trading Christian slaves and strove to free children who had been sold into slavery. This claim is corroborated by Jane Tibbetts Schulenburg, who mentions that St Balthild and Saint Eloi (who was also known as Eligius, according to Dado) “worked together on their favorite charity, the buying and freeing of slaves”. After her three sons reached adulthood and had become established in their respective territories (Clotaire in Neustria, Childeric in Austrasia, and Theuderic in Burgundy), St Balthild withdrew to her favourite Abbey of Chelles near Paris.

Saint Balthild died on January 30, 680, and was buried at the Abbey of Chelles, east of Paris. Saint Balthild was canonised by Pope Nicholas I, around 200 years after her death.

Source:

Wikipedia

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St Bathildis

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Saints of France

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St Balthidis

Saint Gildas the Wise of Wales & France (+570) – January 29

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St Gildas

 

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Holy Wells of St Gildas, France

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Saint Gildas the Wise of Wales & France (+570)

Feast day: January 29

& Holy Relics, June 29

Saint Gildas (c. 500–570) — also known as Gildas the Wise or Gildas Sapiens — was a 6th-century British monk best known for his scathing religious polemic De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae, which recounts the history of the Britons before and during the coming of the Saxons. He is one of the best-documented figures of the Christian church in the British Isles during the sub-Roman period, and was renowned for his Biblical knowledge and literary style. In his later life, he emigrated to Brittany where he founded a monastery known as St. Gildas de Rhuys.

Differing versions of the Life of Saint Gildas exist, but both agree that he was born in what is now Scotland on the banks of the River Clyde, and that he was the son of a royal family. These works were written in the eleventh and twelfth centuries and are regarded by scholars as unhistorical. He is now thought to have his origins further south. In his own work, he claims to have been born the same year as the Battle of Mount Badon. He was educated at a monastic center, possibly Cor Tewdws under St. Illtud, where he chose to forsake his royal heritage and embrace monasticism. He became a renowned teacher, converting many to Christianity and founding numerous churches and monasteries throughout Britain and Ireland. He is thought to have made a pilgrimage to Rome before emigrating to Brittany, where he took on the life of a hermit. However, his life of solitude was short-lived, and pupils soon sought him out and begged him to teach them. He eventually founded a monastery for these students at Rhuys, where he wrote De Excidio Britanniae, criticising British rulers and exhorting them to put off their sins and embrace true Christian faith. He is thought to have died at Rhuys, and was buried there.

There are two different historical versions of the life of Gildas, the first written by an anonymous monk in the 9th century, and the other written by Caradoc of Llancarfan in the middle of the 12th century. Some historians have attempted to explain the differences in the versions by saying that there were two saints named Gildas, but the more general opinion is that there was only one St. Gildas and that the discrepancies between the two versions can be accounted for by the fact that they were written several centuries apart.[6] The 9th century Rhuys Life is generally accepted as being more accurate.

Rhuys Life

The First Life of St. Gildas was written by an unnamed monk at the monastery which Gildas founded in Rhuys, Brittany in the 9th century. According to this tradition, Gildas is the son of Caunus, king of Alt Clut in the Hen Ogledd, the Brythonic-speaking region of northern Britain. He had four brothers; his brother Cuillum ascended to the throne on the death of his father, but the rest became monks in their own right. Gildas was sent as a child to the College of Theodosius (Cor Tewdws) in Glamorgan, under the care of St. Illtud, and was a companion of St. Sampson and St. Paul of Léon. His master St. Illtud loved him tenderly and taught him with special zeal. He was supposed to be educated in liberal arts and divine scripture, but elected to study only holy doctrine, and to forsake his noble birth in favour of a religious life.

After completing his studies under St. Illtud, Gildas went to Ireland where he was ordained as a priest. He returned to his native lands in northern Britain where he acted as a missionary, preaching to the pagan people and converting many of them to Christianity. He was then asked by Ainmericus, high king of Ireland (Ainmuire mac Sétnai, 566–569), to restore order to the church in Ireland, which had altogether lost the Christian faith. Gildas obeyed the king’s summons and travelled all over the island, converting the inhabitants, building churches, and establishing monasteries. He then travelled to Rome and Ravenna where he performed many miracles, including slaying a dragon while in Rome. Intending to return to Britain, he instead settled on the Isle of Houat off Brittany where he led a solitary, austere life. At around this time, he also preached to Nonnita, the mother of Saint David, while she was pregnant with the saint.

He was eventually sought out by those who wished to study under him, and was entreated to establish a monastery in Brittany. He built an oratory on the bank of the River Blavetum (River Blavet), today known as St. Gildas de Rhuys. Fragments of letters that he wrote reveal that he composed a Rule for monastic life that was somewhat less austere than the Rule written by Saint David. Ten years after leaving Britain, he wrote an epistolary book in which he reproved five of the British kings. He died at Rhuys on 29 January 570, and his body was placed on a boat and allowed to drift, according to his wishes. Three months later, on 11 May, men from Rhuys found the ship in a creek with the body of Gildas still intact. They took the body back to Rhuys and buried it there.

Llancarfan Life: Gildas and King Arthur

The second “Life” of St. Gildas was written by Caradoc of Llancarfan, a friend of Geoffrey of Monmouth and his Norman patrons. However, Llancarfan’s work is most probably historically inaccurate, as his hagiographies tend towards the fictitious, rather than the strictly historical. Llancarfan’s “Life” was written in the 12th century, and includes many elements of what have come to be known as mythical pseudo-histories, involving King Arthur, Guinevere, and Glastonbury Abbey, leading to the general opinion that this “life” is less historically accurate than the earlier version. For example, according to the dates in the Annales Cambriae, Gildas would have been a contemporary of King Arthur: however, Gildas’ work never mentions Arthur by name, even though he gives a history of the Britons, and states that he was born in the same year as the Battle of Badon Hill, in which Arthur is supposed to have vanquished the Saxons.

In the Llancarfan Life, St. Gildas was the son of Nau, king of Scotia. Nau had 24 sons, all victorious warriors. Gildas studied literature as a youth, before leaving his homeland for Gaul, where he studied for seven years. When he returned, he brought back an extensive library with him, and was sought after as a master teacher. He became the most renowned teacher in all of the three kingdoms of Britain. Gildas was a subject of the mythical King Arthur, whom he loved and desired to obey. However, his 23 brothers were always rising up against their rightful king, and his eldest brother, Hueil, would submit to no rightful high king, not even Arthur. Hueil would often swoop down from Scotland to fight battles and carry off spoils, and during one of these raids, Hueil was pursued and killed by King Arthur. When news of his brother’s murder reached Gildas in Ireland, he was greatly grieved, but was able to forgive Arthur, and pray for the salvation of his soul. Gildas then travelled to Britain, where he met Arthur face to face, and kissed him as he prayed for forgiveness, and Arthur accepted penance for murdering Gildas’ brother.

After this, Gildas taught at the school of St. Cadoc, before retiring to a secret island for seven years. Pirates from the Orkney Islands came and sacked his island, carrying off goods and his friends as slaves. In distress, he left the island, and came to Glastonbury, then ruled by Melvas, King of the ‘Summer Country’ (Gwlad yr Haf, Somerset). Gildas intervened between King Arthur and Melvas, who had abducted and raped Arthur’s wife Guinevere and brought her to his stronghold at Glastonbury. Arthur soon arrived to besiege him, but, the peacemaking saint persuaded Melvas to release Guinevere and the two kings made peace. Then desiring to live a hermit’s life, Gildas built a hermitage devoted to the Trinity on the banks of the river at Glastonbury. He died, and was buried at Glastonbury Abbey, in the floor of St. Mary’s Church.

The Llancarfan Life contains the earliest surviving appearance of the abduction of Guinevere episode, common in later Arthurian literature. Huail’s enmity with Arthur was also apparently a popular subject in medieval Britain: he is mentioned as an enemy of Arthur’s in the Welsh prose tale Culhwch and Olwen, written around 1100. A strongly held tradition in North Wales places the beheading of Gildas’ brother Huail at Ruthin, where what is believed to be the execution stone has been preserved in the town square. Another brother of Gildas, Celyn ap Caw, was based in the north-east corner of Anglesey.

De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae

Gildas is best known for his polemic De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae, which recounts the sub-Roman history of Britain, and which is the only substantial source for history of this period written by a near-contemporary.

The work is a sermon in three parts condemning the acts of his contemporaries, both secular and religious. The first part consists of Gildas’ explanation for his work and a brief narrative of Roman Britain from its conquest under the Principate to Gildas’ time. He describes the doings of the Romans and the Groans of the Britons, in which the Britons make one last request for military aid from the departed Roman military. He excoriates his fellow Britons for their sins, while at the same time lauding heroes such as Ambrosius Aurelianus, whom he is the first to describe as a leader of the resistance to the Saxons. He mentions the victory at the Battle of Mons Badonicus, a feat attributed to King Arthur in later texts, though Gildas is unclear as to who led the battle.

Part two consists of a condemnation of five British kings, Constantine, Aurelius Conanus, Vortiporius, Cuneglas, and Maelgwn. As it is the only contemporary information about them, it is of particular interest to scholars of British history. Part three is a similar attack on the clergy of the time.

The works of Gildas, including the Excidio, can be found in volume 69 of the Patrologia Latina.

De Excidio is usually dated to the 540s, but the historian Guy Halsall inclines to an “early Gildas” c. 490. Cambridge historian Karen George offers a date range of c. 510–530 AD.

Veneration

Gildas’ relics were venerated in the abbey which he founded in Rhuys, until the 10th century, when they were removed to Berry. In the 18th century, they were said to be moved to the cathedral at Vannes and then hidden during the French Revolution. The various relics survived the revolution and have all since been returned to Saint-Gildas-de-Rhuys where they are visible at various times of the year at a dedicated “treasury” in the village. The body of Saint Gildas (minus the pieces incorporated into various reliquaries) is buried behind the altar in the church of Saint Gildas de Rhuys.[15]

The gold and silver covered relics of Saint Gildas include:

A reliquary head containing parts of the saints skull
An arm reliquary containing bone pieces, topped with a blessing hand
A reliquary femur and knee
The embroidered mitre supposedly worn by Gildas is also kept with these relics. Gildas is the patron saint of several churches and monasteries in Brittany, and his feast day is celebrated on 29 January.

Further traditions

Gildas is credited with a hymn called the Lorica, or Breastplate, a prayer for deliverance from evil, which contains specimens of Hiberno-Latin. A proverb is also attributed to Gildas mab y Gaw in the Englynion y Clyweid in Llanstephan MS. 27.

In Bonedd y Saint, Gildas is recorded as having three sons and a daughter. Gwynnog ap Gildas and Noethon ap Gildas are named in the earliest tracts, together with their sister Dolgar. Another son, Tydech, is named in a later document. Iolo Morganwg adds Saint Cenydd to the list.

The scholar David Dumville suggests that Gildas was the teacher of Finnian of Moville, who in turn was the teacher of St. Columba of Iona.

Source: Wikipedia

Saint Deicola (St Deicolus), the founder and Abbot of a Monastery in Lure, France – Equal of the Apostles and Enlightener of France, from Ireland (+625) – January 18

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IRELAND OF MY HEART

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Saint Deicola / Deicolus

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Holy Relics of St Deicola

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St Deicola’s Holy Well

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Saint Deicola (St Deicolus),

the founder and Abbot of a Monastery in Lure, France

 & Equal of the Apostles and Enlightener of France, from Ireland (+625)

Patron Saint of children & animals

January 18

Saint Deicola (Déicole, Dichuil, Deel, Deicolus, Deicuil, Delle, Desle, Dichul, Dicuil) (c. 530 – January 18, 625) is an Orthodox Western saint. He was an elder brother of Saint Gall. Born in Leinster, Deicolus studied at Bangor.

He was selected to be one of the twelve followers to accompany St. Columbanus on his missionary journey. After a short stay in Great Britain in 576 he journeyed to Gaul and laboured with St. Columbanus in Austrasia and Burgundy.

When St. Columbanus was expelled by Theuderic II, in 610, St. Deicolus, then eighty years of age, determined to follow his master, but was forced, after a short time, to give up the journey, and established an hermitage at a nearby church dedicated to St Martin in a place called Lutre, or Lure, in the Diocese of Besançon, to which he had been directed by a swineherd.

Until his death, he became the apostle of this district, where he was given a church and a tract of land by Berthelde, widow of Weifar, the lord of Lure. Soon a noble abbey was erected for his many disciples, and the Rule of St. Columbanus was adopted. Numerous miracles are recorded of St. Deicolus, including the suspension of his cloak on a sunbeam and the taming of wild beasts.

Clothaire II, King of Burgundy, recognised the virtues of the saint and considerably enriched the Abbey of Lure, also granting St. Deicolus the manor, woods, fisheries, etc., of the town which had grown around the monastery. Feeling his end approaching, St. Deicolus gave over the government of his abbey to Columbanus, one of his young monks, and retreated to a little oratory where he died on 18 January, about 625.

His feast is celebrated on 18 January. So revered was his memory that his name (Dichuil), under the slightly disguised form of Deel and Deela, is still borne by most of the children of the Lure district. His Acts were written by a monk of his own monastery in the tenth century.

St. Deicolus is the Patron Saint of children and he cures childhood illnesses. Also, he is Patron Saint of animals.

Source:

Wikipedia &

http://gkiouzelis.wordpress.com

Orthodox Heart Sites

Saint Mildgyth (St Mildgytha), Abbess of Minster-in-Thanet Abbey, England (+676) – January 17

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

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Saint Mildgyth / Mildgytha,

Abbess of Minster-in-Thanet Abbey, England (+676)

January 17

Saint Mildgyth (or Mildgytha) (Old English: Mildgȳð) (died 676) was the youngest daughter of Merewalh, king of Mercia and Saint Eormenburh. She was the youngest sister of Saint Mildburh of Wenlock and Saint Mildrith.[2] The three sisters have been likened to the three theological virtues: Mildburh to faith, Mildgyth to hope, and Mildrith to charity.

She was a Benedictine nun and later abbess of a Northumbrian convent. All that is known of St Mildgytha was that she was a nun and that “miraculous powers were often exhibited” at her tomb in Northumbria.[4] She seems to have died long before her sisters, while still quite young, which may account for so little mention being made of her.

Her feast day is 17 January.

Source: Wikipedia &

http://gkiouzelis.wordpress.com

Orthodox Heart Sites

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Santes Dilig (St Cenheidlo / St Endelienta) Cymru a Chernyw (+6ed ganrif) – 29 Ebrill ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Welsh

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Santes Dilig (St Cenheidlo / St Endelienta)

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Santes Dilig (St Cenheidlo / St Endelienta)

Cymru a Chernyw  (+6ed ganrif)

29 Ebrill

Roedd Santes Dilig (hefyd Cenheidlo; ganwyd 470 AD) yn ferch i’r Brenin Brychan sefydlydd teyrnas Brycheiniog (yn ne-ddwyrain canolbarth Cymru) yn ôl traddodiad. Fel sant, dethlir dydd ei gŵyl ar 29 Ebrill. Dywedir iddi deithio gyda rhai o’i brodyr a’i chwiorydd i Gernyw lle truliodd y rhan fwyaf o’i hoes. Yr enw Lladin arni yw Endelienta. Dywed traddodiad ei bod yn perthyn i’r Brenin Arthur.

Roedd Brychan yn dad i bedwar ar hugain o blant yn ôl traddodiad. Tyfai’r rhan fwyaf ohonyn nhw i fyny i fod yn seintiau gan sefydlu eglwysi ledled y wlad. Cyfeirir at deulu (“llwyth”) Brychan yn y Trioedd fel un o “dri llwyth seintiau Cymru” (ynghyd â theuluoedd Caw a Chunedda).

Ffynhonnell:

Wikipedia &

http://gkiouzelis.wordpress.com

Orthodox Heart Sites

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Santes Dilig (St Cenheidlo / St Endelienta)

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Pentref St Endellion

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Pentref St Edellion,Cernyw

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Ynys Lundy, Cernyw

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Ynys Lundy

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Святая Энделиент (St Endelienta) из Уэльс & Корнуолл, Англия (+6-го века) – 29 апреля ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Russian

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Св. Энделиент (St Endelienta)

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Святая Энделиент (St Endelienta)

из Уэльс & Корнуолл, Англия (+6-го века)

29 апреля

Святая Энделиента (Endelienta, Endelient, Edellienta) или Энделлион (Endellion) (VI) — дева, затворница, дочь святого Брихана из Брекнока, память 29 апреля.

Св. Энделиента принесла Христову веру в село Сент-Энделлион в Корнуолле, называемое ныне в её честь. Два старинных источника неподалёку от села носят её имя.

Иногда говорят, что в валлийских записях она именуется Кинхейдон (Cynheiddon), или Кенхейдлон (Cenheidlon), в то время как Энделиента — не что иное как латинизация этого имени.

Источник::

Wikipedia &

http://gkiouzelis.wordpress.com

Orthodox Heart Sites

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Святая Энделиент (St Endelienta)

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Церковь Святого Энделиент

в городке St Endellion, Корнуолл, Англия, сегодня

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Ланди (Lundy) острова, Корнуолл, Англия

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Церковь Святого Энделиент в острове Ланди, сегодня

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