Den hellige Declan av Ardmore (+d. ~500) ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Norwegian

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IRELAND OF MY HEART

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Den hellige Declan av Ardmore (+d. ~500)

Minnedag: 24. juli

Skytshelgen for Waterford and Lismore i Irland

Den hellige Declan (Declán, Déclán, Déaglán; lat: Declanus) ble født en gang på 400-tallet i Desi (Decies) i grevskapet Waterford i den sørlige provinsen Munster i Irland. Hans fødested blir sagt å være Drumroe near Cappoquin vest i grevskapet Waterford. Det er en del forvirring om hans kronologi, men det synes mest sannsynlig at han var biskop i Waterford-området. Før den hellige Patrick av Irland (Pádraig) (ca 389-461) kom til Irland i 432, hadde landet forbindelser med kontinentet og med Wales, og folk fra det sørøstlige Irland hadde allerede slått seg ned i Wales. Disse forbindelsene har nok ført til innføringen av kristendommen og trolig også av klostervesenet som det ble praktisert i Gallia, selv om flertallet av irene fortsatte å være hedninger.

I følge Declans biografi tilhørte han gjennom sin far det dominerende kongelige dynastiet i regionalkongeriket for folket Déisi Muman. I en beretning med navnet Tugaid Ionnarbhna na nDéise, «Årsaken til utvisningen av Déise», sporet dette dynastiet sin opprinnelse gjennom ulike konger av Tara til Meath, hvor deres navn fortsatt er bevart i de lokale baroniene Deece.

Declan ble født mens foreldrene Erc og Dethiden (Deithidhe) besøkte en onkel som bodde mellom dagens Cappoquin og Lismore i Waterford. På dette stedet er det i dag en gammel kirkegård og spor av fundamenter for en kirke. Foreldrene var da ennå ikke kristne, men en prest ved navn Colman overtalte foreldrene til å døpe barnet. En annen versjon sier at han syv år gammel ble sendt til en viss Dimma (Díoma) for å oppfostres. Hun blir sagt å ha vært en utlending og kristen og bodde enten i Kildimo i Caonraighe (Kenry) i grevskapet Limerick, i området til det mektige dynastiet Dál gCais (Uí Bhriain), eller i Connor i grevskapet Antrim. Mens Declan var i Dimmas varetekt, ble han omvendt og døpt av en av de utallige irske helgenene ved navn Colman, trolig enten den hellige Colman av Kilcolman nær Ardmore eller den hellige Colman av Lismore.

Declan studerte senere i en slags celle sammen med to eller tre andre, men det er ingen grunn til å betrakte dette som noen slags monastisk grunnleggelse. Det synes som om Declan deretter reiste til kontinentet for å fortsette sine studier og at han ble presteviet og muligens konsekrert til biskop,

Declan hadde en så stor lengsel etter å vende tilbake til Irland fra Roma, at han brukte en mirakuløs svart klokke som han hadde i sin besittelse, til å tilkalle en tom farkost for å transportere ham hjem. Klokken var plassert i en kampestein, og da Declan ba, fløt steinen ut i sjøen.

Han fulgte etter den og til slutt førte den ham til lands i Ardmore (Ard Mór, Árd Móre, Aird Mhór) i baroniet Decies i Drum i det nåværende grevskapet Waterford. Der arbeidet Declan pliktoppfyllende blant folket og bygde en kirke.

Kampesteinen, som i virkeligheten er en flyttblokk befinner seg fortsatt på stranden i Ardmore og kalles St. Declan’s Stone.

Han begrenset ikke sitt arbeid til Ardmore og regionen Déise, men han reiste også lenger unna og spesielt til Cashel. Det første Declan gjorde da han kom hjem, var å besøke Cashel, som tradisjonelt var senteret for den verdslige makten i Munster og da biografien ble skrevet, også sete for den sørlige erkebiskopen. Han skal ha vært på svært vennskapelig fot med kong Aengus av Munster, så hans innflytelse må derfor ha vært betydelig.

Fra Ardmore evangeliserte Declan i områdene rundt dagens Waterford og Lismore, selv om han mislyktes med å kristne kongen for Déisi-folket. Han grunnla kirken i Ardmore etter at han var vigslet til biskop, og det ble stadfestet som bispesete av Patrick på synoden i Cashel i 448. Da Declan ble gammel, trakk han seg tilbake til en eneboercelle der, og gamle bygninger indikerer at det både har vært et kloster og en eneboercelle der. I tillegg er det en hellig kilde.

Declan døde en gang sent på 400-tallet, og ifølge hans biografi døde han i sitt kloster i Ardmore og ble deretter gravlagt der. Over hans antatte grav står restene av et tidlig oratorium som er kjent som Declan’s House. I Ardmore finnes omfattende ruiner, inkludert et vakkert og perfekt rundtårn og en katedral fra 1100-tallet som er bygd over restene av en eldre kirke.

Holy Icon of All Saints of Ireland & British Isles

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IRELAND & BRITISH ISLES

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Holy Icon of All Saints of Ireland & British Isles

Святой Деклан Ирландии, игумен и епископ Ардморский (+V век) – Russian

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Святой Деклан Ирландии,

игумен и епископ Ардморский, Ирландия(+V век)

День памяти: 24 июля

Святой Деклан родился на территории племени десси, что в Уотерфорде (Ирландия) и считался его покровителем.

Он был ирландским монахом, который был крещён Колманом из Дромора и стал учеником.

Он, вероятно, проповедовал Евангелие до прибытия в те края святого Патрика. Он, быть может, совершил два паломничества в Рим, а затем стал первым епископом Ардмора, что было подтверждено св. Патриком во время синода в Кашеле в 448 году. Известны многие чудеса св. Деклана, который был весьма почитаем племенем десси.

Heilige Dermot van Inchcleraun Eiland en Lough Ree, Ierland (+542) – 10 januari

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IRELAND OF MY HEART

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Heilige Dermot van Inchcleraun Eiland

en Lough Ree, Ierland (+542)

10 januari

Heilige Dermot (ook Diarmis of Diarmaid) (+ c. 542) was een Ierse geestelijke. Hij was de stichter van het klooster van Innis-Closran (of Inchcleraun) in Ierland en werd er abt. Hij werd geestelijk leidsman van de heilige Kiernan van Clonracnois eilanden. Diarmaid bouwde 7 kerken op het Quaker Island.

Zijn feestdag is op 10 januari.

Some Orthodox Saints from Ireland, Russia, Norway, Holy Land, France, Egypt, England, Serbia, Asia Minor, Italy, Bulgaria, Spain & Romania – St Catherine’s Vision – PDF

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http://www.saintcatherinesvision.com/assets/files/SCV%20DC%20Saints%20June%202014.pdf

Some Orthodox Saints from Ireland, Russia,

Norway, Holy Land, France, Egypt, England, Serbia, Asia Minor,

Italy, Bulgaria, Spain & Romania

╰⊰¸¸.•¨*

St Catherine’s Vision

Saint Begnet of Ireland & her Holy Well in Dalkey Island, Ireland (+7th century) – November 12

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IRELAND OF MY HEART

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Saint Begnet of Ireland and her Holy Well

in Dalkey Island, Ireland (7th century)

Feast day: November 12

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Saint Begnet (also Begneta, Begnete, Begnait or Becnait) is a patron saint of Dalkey, Ireland. The name Begnet is most likely a diminutive form of Beg or Bec. She is noted as a “virgin, not a martyr”. St Begnet was an Irish princess who lived in the 7th century. Her feast day is November 12. Two ruined churches in Dalkey are named for Begnet, one on Dalkey Island, and the other near the 15th-century stone townhouse now serving as Dalkey Castle and Heritage Centre, in the area known as Kilbegnet. A holy well located near the martello tower on the island is also associated with her.

St Begnet’s father was Colman, the son of Aedh in the parish of Kilbegnatan (Kilbegnet or Cill Becnait). Like many other female virgin saints, she is described as beautiful and desirable, but she refused her numerous suitors in favor of religious devotion. Her social status is sometimes given as “Irish princess”, and thus she would have been a valuable bride. She is said variously to have lived as an anchorite or to have served as the first abbess of nuns on a small island off the coast of England.

She gave her name to the two churches in the area and Dalkey town and surrounding area was for many centuries known as Kilbegnet. Perhaps she came from Dalkey, or perhaps she sailed from here to pioneer her religious order. It may also be possible the churches were dedicated to her memory by missionaries, spreading the faith after her death.

As a child, St Begnet was visited by an angel who gave her a bracelet inscribed with a cross as a mark of her vocation.

St Begnet grew up to become a beautiful woman and had many suitors. Her parents arranged her marriage to the son of the King of Norway. But still dedicated to the vows she had taken, Begnet had no wish to take a husband. To avoid marriage, she left home, leaving everything but the bracelet given to her by the Angel. She found passage in a small boat and sailed to Northumbria on the West Coast of England. There she was received into the Church by Bishop Aidan and became the first abbess of nuns. Her convent was constantly plundered by pirates, so after several years Begnet moved inland towards Cumberland.

Her bracelet became an object of veneration after her death.

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Saint Begnet’s Well

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Dalkey Island, Ireland

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Dalkey Village, Ireland

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St Begnet’s Church, 9th century

 

St Begnet’s Church

The 9th century granite church named after the virgin Saint, St Begnet, probably replaced an earlier wooden church dating back to the Early Christian period. The Nave dates to the 10th century and later the Bellcote and Chancel were added in the 13th century. Inside the Nave on the eastern side of the doorway is a Stoup and there is an Ambry built into the southern wall of the chancel. Scattered throughout the graveyard are a number of decorated headstones and on the northern side of the church is a rare Tau Cross.

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The ruin of the church of St. Begnet on Dalkey Island, Ireland

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Goat Castle, Dalkey Village, Ireland

Dalkey heritage centre

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Rathdown Slab

In the Dalkey heritage centre there is the Rathdown Slab. The slab was found in the graveyard surrounding St Begnet’s Church in 1855. The Rathdown Slabs are usually linked to churches dated to the 11th and 12th century. The first slabs were recorded by Austin Cooper in 1781 and since then the number of viking slabs has risen to around 30. This particular slab is one of the finest examples and standing at about 5 ft tall one of the largest. It is thought the slab may have been decorated originally with viking art such as the cup marks, but that a number of christian symbols such as the large ring with a cross in the centre, may have been added later. Other examples have been recorded at Kilgobbin Church, Rathmichael Church, Whitechurch, Ballyman, Kiltiernan, Tully Church, Killegar and more recently in Dundrum.

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St Begnat’s Church of 9th century

in Dalkey Village

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Saint Palladius 1st Bishop of Ireland & Scotland, from France (+450) – July 6

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

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Saint Palladius 1st Bishop of Ireland & Scotland, 

from France (+450)

July 6

Saint Palladius was the first Bishop of the Christians of Ireland, preceding Saint Patrick.

The Palladii were thought to be amongst the most noble families of Gaul, and several of them held high ranks in the Church of Gaul. Saint Palladius was the son of Exuperantius of Poitiers.

Saint Palladius held the (higher) rank of Deacon of Rome.

Saint Palladius was married and had a young daughter. In Rome, he kissed his family goodbye in the manner of the Apostles, and lived as an ascetic in Sicily around 408-409, giving his daughter to a convent on that island. He seems to have been ordained as a priest around 415. He lived in Rome between 418–429, and appears to be the “Deacon Palladius”, responsible for urging Pope Celestine I to send the bishop Germanus to Britain, where he guided the Britons back to the Orthodox faith.

Ireland

In 431, he have been sent as the first bishop to the Christians of Ireland: Palladius, having been ordained by Pope Celestine, is sent as first bishop to the Irish believing in Christ. Palladius landed at Hy-Garchon, where the town of Wicklow now stands.

Irish writers that chronicled the life of St. Patrick state that St. Palladius preached in Ireland before St. Patrick, although he was soon banished by the King of Leinster, and returned to North Britain. According to Muirchu (who lived two centuries later) in the Book of Armagh, God hindered him…and neither did those fierce and cruel men receive his doctrine readily, nor did he himself wish to spend time in a strange land, but returned to him who sent him. Palladius was accompanied by four companions: Sylvester and Solinus, who remained after him in Ireland, and Augustinus and Benedictus, who followed him to Britain but returned to their own country after his death. Palladius is most strongly associated with Leinster, particularly with Clonard, County Meath.

Scotland

According to St. Prosper, Palladius arrived among the Scots in North Britain (in the consulate of Bassus and Antiochus) after he left Ireland in 431. Scottish church tradition holds that he presided over a Christian community there for about 20 years.

 

St Palladius’s Chapel

5th century shrine is among the earliest Christian sites in Scotland.

Fordoun was the site of a chapel founded by the 5th century saint, Palladius, who is said to have preached and died here.

The saint’s relics were preserved in a silver shrine with the chapel that he built at Fordoun.

The chapel – also known as Paldy Kirk – was the mother church for the Mearns region. The ruins of a 13th century chapel built on the site of the original 5th century building can still be seen beside the later church and there is still a well known as St Palladius’s Well in the grounds of the manse.

The ancient ruins were rebuilt in the 16th century and again in 1788. In 1828 the roof collapsed and the chapel was finally abandoned in favour of the new and much grander building we see today. Within the ruined 13th century building is a holy water stoup and an aumbry in the north wall. The three large lancets are a 17th century addition.

The most intriguing feature in the chapel ruins is not above ground however. Protected by a metal grate are stone steps leading down into the earth to a crypt unse the chapel floor.

One plausible theory is that the crypt was where the relics of St Palladius were held, and where pilgrims came to visit his shrine. King Kenneth III was one of those piulgrims; it is said that he was on his way to Fordoun when he died in 994 AD.

In the vestibule of the church is the Fordoun Stone, a beautifully carved Pictish cross slab. This was discovered in 1787 when the pulpit of the chapel was pulled down. The cross may have been hidden here during the Reformation. It shows a marvellously intricate cross and traditional pictish symbols, plus inscriptions in Ogham and a Roman script.

There are several interesting old gravestones near the chapel (some actually leaning agaimst the chapel wall). One stone to William Christison has a rather pointed reminder (literally); a finger points upwards to the heavens above, and a single word is carved – ‘Home’.

Palladius was the first Christian missionery in northern Scotland. He was ordained a priest by Pope Celestine in 430 AD, and is thought to have preached in Ireland before arriving in the Mearns area of Scotland. Presumably he found the natives less than receptive, for his martyrdom occurred not long after his arrival.

The chapel is accessible at any time.