Святой Тициан (St Titian) епископ Одерцо, Италия (+632) – день памяти, 16 января ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Russian

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Святой Тициан (St Titian) епископ Одерцо, Италия (+632)

день памяти, 16 января

Святой Тициан родился в благородной семье в Гераклее (Eraclea), античном городе, расположенном в Венецианской лагуне. Его учителем был Флориан (Floriano), епископ Одерцо (Opitergium), который поставил святого сначала диаконом, потом — священником, и, наконец, назначил экономом епархии.

Благотвориательная деятельность святого Тициана сделала его известным в тех краях, и когда Флориан оставил свою кафедру, дабы удалиться в Равенну или в Пулу, вероятно, по причине так называемого Раскола трёх глав, Тициан был избран на его место ко всеобщей радости, вопреки его собственному нежеланию. Он окормлял тамошнюю паству на протяжении более чем тридцати лет.

Святой Тициан был известен своими набожностью и благочестивостью, даром предвидения, а также крайним неприятием арианства, впоследствии весьма распространённого среди лангобардского населения.

Считается, что святой Тициан отошёл ко Господу в Одерцо 16 января 632 года и был похоронен в городском соборе, не сохранившемся до наших дней. Тело святого было перенесено в собор города Сенеда (Ceneda), пригороде Витторио-Венето

Источник: Wikipedia

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Saint Paraskevi the Holy & Glorious Virgin-Martyr of Greece, from Rome (+161) – Patron Saint of the eyes – July 26

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Holy Skull of St. Paraskevi in Petraki Monastery, Athens, Greece

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Saint Paraskevi the Holy & Glorious Virgin-Martyr of Greece, from Rome (+161)

Patron Saint of the eyes

July 26

The holy and glorious Virgin-Martyr Saint Paraskevi (also Paraskeva) was arrested during the reign of the Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius (r. A.D. 138-161) under the penalty of refusing to worship idols and adhering to the state pagan religion. After enduring many tortures, she was eventually released by the emperor, continuing to profess Christ. She was eventually tortured and beheaded by the Roman governor Tarasius in the year 180. The Church commemorates her on July 26.

Saint Paraskevi, The Parthenomartyr, (July 26th), was born in a village near Rome during the reign of Hadrian (117-138 AD). Her parents were the pious Christians Agathonikos (Agathon) and Politea. Her parents prayed fervently for a child, and God finally blessed their piety. They gave great honor to Friday, the day of Our Lord’s suffering. Being born on this day, her parents named her Paraskevi (“Friday” in Greek, but literally “preparation”).

St Paraskevi obtained an excellent education from both secular and Scriptural instructors. She was also very knowledgeable in the field of philosophy. Bolstered by her Christian upbringing, she often conversed with other women about Christianity, trying to strengthen their faith in this new religion. Many distinguished families wanted this beautiful, educated and rich woman to marry their sons. Her understanding and kindness made her even more desirable. However having a higher goal in life, St Paraskevi rejected any marriage proposals.

When she was 20 years old, both her parents died 1eaving her as the sole heir to the family fortune. St Paraskevi did not use her fortune for herself. Filled with the spirit of Christ and Christian ideals, she sold all her worldly possessions using the money to relieve human suffering. There was a portion retained to a community treasury that supported a home for reverent virgins who stayed in a kenobion, a type of commune like a contemporary monastery. These women prayed and fasted doing charitable works. They preached primarily to Hebrew and idol worshiping women giving them an opportunity to learn about Christian salvation.

She left Rome at the age of 30 and began her holy mission, passing through many cities and villages. St Paraskevi’s activities occurred during a period that the Jews and Romans persecuted the Christian religion with the greatest intensity. Antoninus Pius (138-161) ruled Rome at this time, and he did not execute Christians without a trial. She was not caught immediately or put to death. Instead, Antoninus protected Christians against the blind mania of the Jewish and Roman inhabitants. Christians could only be brought to trial if another citizen lodged a formal complaint against them. Antoninus however had to repeal this law because of the many disasters which had befallen Rome and which were blamed on the Christians.

Strong in faith, learning, and eloquence, Paraskevi spoke persuasively to her fellow Roman citizens, leading them from idolatry to faith in Christ. Eventually, Antoninus heard of St. Paraskevi’s holy mission. Upon her return to Rome, several Jews filed complaints about her and Antoninus summoned her to his palace to question her. Attracted by her beauty and humility he tried with kind words to make her denounce her faith, even promising to marry her and make her an empress. Angered by her refusal he had a steel helmet, lined with nails and compressed on her head with a vice. It had no effect on the Saint and many who witnessed this miracle converted to Christianity. Thrown into prison, Paraskevi asked God to give her the strength to face the terror that awaited her. Antoninus again continued her torture by having her hung by her hair and at the same time burning her hands and arms with torches. The Saint suffered greatly, but had the will not to submit to the pain. Antoninus then prepared a large cauldron of oil and tar, boiled the mixture and then had Paraskevi immersed in it. Miraculously she stood in it as if she being refreshed rather than burned. Angered, Antoninus thought that she was using witchery to keep the contents cooled. Antoninus then approached the cauldron only to be blinded by the hot steam and searing emissions coming from the area. At this moment the mighty emperor asked for the intervention of St Paraskevi to heal him from this affliction to which she responded:

“Emperor, the Christian God is healing you from the blindness that was given to you as a punishment”.

Immediately, he regained his sight. Humbled by the miracle he freed the Saint, allowing her to continue her missionary activity and ended all persecutions against the Christians throughout the Roman Empire.

From this episode it is clear to the Christians that St Paraskevi has the intercessional ability to help people with visual ailments.

Astonished by the miracle, Antoninus released Paraskevi. He also ceased persecuting Christians throughout the Roman Empire.

This period was brief. After Antoninus’ death in 161, a plague broke out throughout the empire. Romans took it as a sign from their gods that that they were angered by the tolerance of Christianity. Under Antoninus’ successor, Marcus Aurelius (161-180), the laws dealing with “non-believers” were cahnged and the persecutions against the Christians resumed.

Despite these dangers, Paraskevi persevered in her missionary endeavors, spreading the Gospel wherever she traveled. By authority of emperor Aurelius the provincial eparchs Asclepius and Tarasios captured St Paraskevi. Having refused Asclepius’ demands to sacrifice to pagan gods, she was thrown into a snake pit. The Saint made the Sign of the Cross over the serpent and the serpent perished. Asclepius had heard of the Saint’s previous miracles, realized that a great and mighty power guarded Paraskevi and decided to set her free while Asclepius and his court were all converted.

Tarasios however was less tolerant. St Paraskevi was tied and beaten and afterwards imprisoned and a huge rock placed on her chest. She prayed to Christ to help her be strong. The next morning Paraskevi was taken willingly to the Temple of Apollo. Everyone praised Tarasios, thinking that he had succeeded in breaking St Paraskevi’s faith. However, upon entering the temple, the Saint raised her hand and made the sign of the cross. Suddenly, a loud noise was heard and all the idols in the temple were destroyed. The priests and idolaters dragged her from the altar, beat her, and pushed her out of the temple. The priests demanded that Tarasios kill Paraskevi. She was convicted and condemned to death by beheading.

It was customary to give the condemned their last wish. She asked to be left alone for a few moments so that she might pray for the last time. Afterwards, the roman soldiers returned and executed the Saint.

Many healing miracles occurred as a result of St Paraskevi’s divine intervention. It is said that that merely coming in contact with he dirt of her grave faithful, crippled could walk, demonized would return to health and that the infertile would bear children. Most importantly St Paraskevi healed the blindness of the roman emperor Antoninus Pius while she was in a heated cauldron. Her merciful disposition to her tormentor has made her an intercessor Saint for the healing of eye ailments.

Her remains were eventually taken to Constantinople, where they are venerated by the faithful to this very day.

Appropriate to your calling, O Champion Paraskevi, you worshipped with the readiness your name bears. For an abode you obtained faith, which is your namesake. Wherefore, you pour forth healing and intercede for our souls.

O most majestic One, we have discovered your temple to be a spiritual clinic wherein all the faithful resoundingly honor you, O famed and venerable martyr Paraskevi.

Tomb in Pounta, Greece

According to the tradition of the people of Epirus, Paraskevi was not martyred in Rome as mentioned in her traditional hagiography, but in Thesprotia where the Monastery of Saint Paraskevi of Pounta stands today. According to this tradition, strongly held by the locals, the headless body of the saint was entombed here and her tomb is still venerated today.

It is said that the persecutors of St. Paraskevi dragged her to the edge of the river Acheron to behead her. As the sword was raised over her head, she grabbed a stone pillar that she held so tightly that the print of her hands melted into it leaving an indelible mark. A church was eventually erected here by the faithful in her honor and housed her holy relics. Her skull was eventually placed in the walls of the church, though today it is kept in Moni Petraki in Athens.

According to the author and novelist Spyros Mouselimis, in his article “The Monastery of Pountas and the Feast of Saint Paraskevi” (Ηπειρωτική Εστία, 10, pp. 638-641, 1961), Pountas Monastery was known for its healing waters and numerous miracles. The pilgrims would cut off portions of the stone pillar of St. Paraskevi as a talisman, to the point that in 1960 the size of the stone was half its original size.

The property of the Monastery at one time was very great. According to Lambridis, at the end of the 19th century the annual revenue of the Monastery was 20,000 piastres, from which a boarding school was supported on its premises until 1913. After the population exchange of 1923 the Monastery was abandoned and did not operate again until 1975. Only the eastern side of the original Holy Altar area of the Katholikon survives today, while the rest of the church was restored in 1989 together with the inscription for the tomb of St. Paraskevi.

Today the Monastery operates as a female convent.

Source: Orthodox Wiki

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Saint Telemachus, the Monk Martyr who stopped the gladiatorial fights in Rome (+391) – January 1

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Saint Telemachus,

the Monk Martyr who stopped the gladiatorial fights in Rome (+391)

January 1

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Saint Telemachus (also Almachus or Almachius) was a monk who, according to the Church historian Theodoret, tried to stop a gladiatorial fight in a Roman amphitheatre, and was stoned to death by the crowd. The Christian Emperor Honorius, however, was impressed by the monk’s martyrdom and it spurred him to issue a historic ban on gladiatorial fights. Saint Telemachus martyred on 391. The last known gladiatorial fight in Rome was on 1 January 404 AD.

He is described as being an ascetic who came to Rome from the East. The story is found in the writings of Theodoret, Bishop of Cyrrhus, Syria.

Although the site of Telemachus’ martyrdom is often given as being the Colosseum in Rome, Theodoret does not actually specify where it happened, saying merely that it happened in “the stadium”.

Later retellings of the story have differed from Theodoret’s in a number of details. Foxe’s Book of Martyrs claims that Telemachus was first stabbed to death by a gladiator, but that the sight of his death “turned the hearts of the people”.

There is also an alternate form of the story, in which Telemachus stood up in the amphitheatre and told the assembly to stop worshipping idols and offering sacrifices to the gods. Upon hearing this statement, the prefect of the city is said by this source to have ordered the gladiators to kill Telemachus, and they promptly did so.

Source: Wikipedia

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Saint Lucy the Virgin Martyr of Syracuse in Sicily, Italy (+304)

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Sicily, Italy

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Saint Lucy the Virgin Maryr of Syracuse in Sicily, Italy (+304)

December 13

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The Holy Relics of Saint Lucy

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St Lucy’s Grave

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GOD IS WONDERFUL IN HIS SAINTS

During Diocletian’s persecutians, the Christian maiden Lucy went with her mother on pilgrimage to the tomb of St Agatha (February 5), to pray for her mother’s healing from an ailment. Saint Agatha appeared to Lucy in a dream and said ‘Lucy, my sister, why do you ask from me what your own faith can obtain? Your mother is healed. You will soon be the glory of Syracuse as I am of Catania.’ Lucy’s mother was healed from that day, and Lucy determined to consecrate herself entirely to God. She broke off an engagement to a nobly-born young man and gave her large dowry of land and jewels to the poor. Her would-be husband angrily denounced her as a Christian to the Governor of Syracuse.

At the tribunal, Lucy firmly confessed her faith in Christ and refused to make sacrifice to the gods. The Governor ordered that she be placed in a brothel, but his minions were unable to move her from the place where she stood, even when they tied her with ropes and attempted to drag her with oxen. The Governor asked what witchcraft she used, to which she answered ‘I do not use witchcraft — it is the power of God that is with me. Bring ten thousand of your men if you wish; they will not be able to move me unless God wills it.’ The men then lit a fire around her, but it did not harm her. Finally they beheaded her where she stood. With her last words, she predicted the deaths of Maximian and Diocletian, and the coming of peace to the Church.

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Saint Bonosa the Virgin Martyr in Porto Romano, Ostia, Italy (+207)

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Ostia, Italy

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Saint Bonosa of Porto Romano, Ostia, Italy (+207)

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Saint Bonosa the Virgin Martyr,

in Porto Romano, Ostia, Italy (+207)

July 15

Saint Bonosa the Virgin Martyr, martyred at Porto Romano, at the mouth of the Tiber, near Rome & Ostia on 207.

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The Holy Relics of Saint Bonona

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Some Orthodox Saints from Ireland, Russia, Norway, Holy Land, France, Egypt, England, Serbia, Asia Minor, Italy, Bulgaria, Spain & Romania – St Catherine’s Vision – PDF

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Some Orthodox Saints from Ireland, Russia,

Norway, Holy Land, France, Egypt, England, Serbia, Asia Minor,

Italy, Bulgaria, Spain & Romania

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St Catherine’s Vision

Sainte Artemia de Rome la fille de Dioclétien (+309) & Sainte Alexandra la impératrice et épouse de Dioclétien (+303) – French

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Rome, Ville des Martyrs

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Sainte Artemia de Rome

la fille de Dioclétien (+309)

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Sainte Alexandra de Rome

la impératrice et épouse de Dioclétien (+303)

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SYNAXARION-HAGIOLOGY

Sainte Alexandra de Rome, morte le 21 avril 303, est une martyre de l’Église.

On connaît la vie de sainte Alexandra à travers les hagiographies de saint Georges transmises jusqu’à nous, où elle est nommée comme impératrice et épouse de Dioclétien. Elle reconnaît sa foi au Christ au moment des souffrances de saint Georges et son époux la condamne pour cela à mourir par l’épée.

Elle est souvent représentée dans les icônes de saint Georges.

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Saint Marcel Ier Pape de Rome (+309)

16 janvier

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Saint Marcel Ier, natif de Rome, fut le 30e Pape de l’Église de Rome du 27 mai 308 au 16 janvier 309. Il succédait à Marcellin (296-304) après quatre ans de vacance du siège pontifical, à une époque où les persécutions contre les chrétiens (Persécution de Dioclétien) étaient très importantes.

Saint Marcel Ier dut réorganiser le culte dans des bâtiments provisoires, les églises ayant été saccagées sous Dioclétien, en établissant vingt-cinq presbytéraux à Rome. Il dut aussi gérer le cas des chrétiens apostats, qui avaient renié le Christ depuis la persécution de l’empereur Dèce et aurait exigé d’eux un acte de pénitence.

L’empereur Maxence, irrité contre le franc-parler de saint Marcel, l’aurait réduit à l’état d’esclave et transformé en palefrenier.

Saint Marcel fut surpris en train de célébrer la messe dans la demeure d’une Dame. L’empereur Maximien fit transformer la riche demeure en étable et condamna le pontife à garder les bestiaux.

Saint Marcel Ier est probablement mort le 16 janvier 309 et aurait été enseveli à Rome, dans la catacombe de Priscille où reposent de nombreux martyrs.

Il a été canonisé et est fêté le 16 janvier. Il est le saint patron des grainetiers.

Source:

Wikipedia

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