Den hellige Declan av Ardmore (+d. ~500) ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Norwegian

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IRELAND OF MY HEART

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Den hellige Declan av Ardmore (+d. ~500)

Minnedag: 24. juli

Skytshelgen for Waterford and Lismore i Irland

Den hellige Declan (Declán, Déclán, Déaglán; lat: Declanus) ble født en gang på 400-tallet i Desi (Decies) i grevskapet Waterford i den sørlige provinsen Munster i Irland. Hans fødested blir sagt å være Drumroe near Cappoquin vest i grevskapet Waterford. Det er en del forvirring om hans kronologi, men det synes mest sannsynlig at han var biskop i Waterford-området. Før den hellige Patrick av Irland (Pádraig) (ca 389-461) kom til Irland i 432, hadde landet forbindelser med kontinentet og med Wales, og folk fra det sørøstlige Irland hadde allerede slått seg ned i Wales. Disse forbindelsene har nok ført til innføringen av kristendommen og trolig også av klostervesenet som det ble praktisert i Gallia, selv om flertallet av irene fortsatte å være hedninger.

I følge Declans biografi tilhørte han gjennom sin far det dominerende kongelige dynastiet i regionalkongeriket for folket Déisi Muman. I en beretning med navnet Tugaid Ionnarbhna na nDéise, «Årsaken til utvisningen av Déise», sporet dette dynastiet sin opprinnelse gjennom ulike konger av Tara til Meath, hvor deres navn fortsatt er bevart i de lokale baroniene Deece.

Declan ble født mens foreldrene Erc og Dethiden (Deithidhe) besøkte en onkel som bodde mellom dagens Cappoquin og Lismore i Waterford. På dette stedet er det i dag en gammel kirkegård og spor av fundamenter for en kirke. Foreldrene var da ennå ikke kristne, men en prest ved navn Colman overtalte foreldrene til å døpe barnet. En annen versjon sier at han syv år gammel ble sendt til en viss Dimma (Díoma) for å oppfostres. Hun blir sagt å ha vært en utlending og kristen og bodde enten i Kildimo i Caonraighe (Kenry) i grevskapet Limerick, i området til det mektige dynastiet Dál gCais (Uí Bhriain), eller i Connor i grevskapet Antrim. Mens Declan var i Dimmas varetekt, ble han omvendt og døpt av en av de utallige irske helgenene ved navn Colman, trolig enten den hellige Colman av Kilcolman nær Ardmore eller den hellige Colman av Lismore.

Declan studerte senere i en slags celle sammen med to eller tre andre, men det er ingen grunn til å betrakte dette som noen slags monastisk grunnleggelse. Det synes som om Declan deretter reiste til kontinentet for å fortsette sine studier og at han ble presteviet og muligens konsekrert til biskop,

Declan hadde en så stor lengsel etter å vende tilbake til Irland fra Roma, at han brukte en mirakuløs svart klokke som han hadde i sin besittelse, til å tilkalle en tom farkost for å transportere ham hjem. Klokken var plassert i en kampestein, og da Declan ba, fløt steinen ut i sjøen.

Han fulgte etter den og til slutt førte den ham til lands i Ardmore (Ard Mór, Árd Móre, Aird Mhór) i baroniet Decies i Drum i det nåværende grevskapet Waterford. Der arbeidet Declan pliktoppfyllende blant folket og bygde en kirke.

Kampesteinen, som i virkeligheten er en flyttblokk befinner seg fortsatt på stranden i Ardmore og kalles St. Declan’s Stone.

Han begrenset ikke sitt arbeid til Ardmore og regionen Déise, men han reiste også lenger unna og spesielt til Cashel. Det første Declan gjorde da han kom hjem, var å besøke Cashel, som tradisjonelt var senteret for den verdslige makten i Munster og da biografien ble skrevet, også sete for den sørlige erkebiskopen. Han skal ha vært på svært vennskapelig fot med kong Aengus av Munster, så hans innflytelse må derfor ha vært betydelig.

Fra Ardmore evangeliserte Declan i områdene rundt dagens Waterford og Lismore, selv om han mislyktes med å kristne kongen for Déisi-folket. Han grunnla kirken i Ardmore etter at han var vigslet til biskop, og det ble stadfestet som bispesete av Patrick på synoden i Cashel i 448. Da Declan ble gammel, trakk han seg tilbake til en eneboercelle der, og gamle bygninger indikerer at det både har vært et kloster og en eneboercelle der. I tillegg er det en hellig kilde.

Declan døde en gang sent på 400-tallet, og ifølge hans biografi døde han i sitt kloster i Ardmore og ble deretter gravlagt der. Over hans antatte grav står restene av et tidlig oratorium som er kjent som Declan’s House. I Ardmore finnes omfattende ruiner, inkludert et vakkert og perfekt rundtårn og en katedral fra 1100-tallet som er bygd over restene av en eldre kirke.

The Glorification of the Saints in the Orthodox Church

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The Glorification of the Saints in the Orthodox Church

Source:

https://oca.org

https://oca.org/fs/glorification-of-saints

ORTHODOX CHURCH IN AMERICA

This article was written by Fr. Joseph Frawley, a member of the Orthodox Church in America’s Canonization Commission. It was originally published in the April-May 2000 issue of The Orthodox Church Newspaper.

While the glorification of saints in the Orthodox Church has been taking place for nearly 2000 years, few people today are certain about how this really happens. Does the Church “make” a saint? Are there special panels which decide who can be considered for sainthood? Are saints “elected” by a majority vote? Does a person have to perform a certain number of miracles in order to quality as a saint? The answers to these questions may be surprising to some.

We know that there are several categories of saints: prophets, evangelists, martyrs, ascetics, holy bishops and priests, and those who live a righteous life “in the world.” What they all have in common is holiness of life. Three times in the Book of Leviticus (Ch 11, 19 and 20) God tells us to be holy, because He is holy. We must consecrate ourselves, for we are His people. Saint Peter reiterates this commandment in the new testament, challenging us to obey God’s commandments and submit our will to His will (1 Pet 1:16). Everyone is challenged to manifest holiness in their lives, for we all must become saints! This is our special – and common – calling from God. It is not something reserved for the clergy, monastics, or those who are “more pious.” Everyone who has been baptized into Christ must live in such a way that Christ lives within us. “Do you not know,” Saint Paul asks, “that you are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in you?” (1 Cor 3:16).

So, the glorification of saints in the Orthodox Church is a recognition that God’s holiness is manifested in the Church through these grace-filled men and women whose lives were pleasing to God. Very early on, the Church recognized the righteous ancestors of Christ (Forefathers), those who predicted His coming (Prophets), and those who proclaimed the Gospel (Apostles and Evangelists). Then those who risked their lives and shed their blood to bear witness to Christ (Martyrs and Confessors) were also recognized by the Church as saints. There was no special canonization process, but their relics were treasured and the annual anniversaries of their martyrdoms were celebrated. Later, the ascetics, who followed Christ through self denial, were numbered among the saints. Bishops and priests who proclaimed the True Faith and fought against heresy were added to the list. Finally, those in other walks of life who manifested holiness were recognized as saints.

While the glorification of a saint may be initiated because of miracles, it is not an absolute necessity for canonization. The Roman Catholic Church requires three verified miracles in order to recognize someone as a saint; the Orthodox Church does not require this. There are some saints, including Saint Nicodemos of the Holy Mountain (July 14) and Saint Innocent of Moscow (commemorated March 31), who have not performed any miracles, as far as we know. What is required is a virtuous life of obvious holiness. And a saint’s writings and preaching must be “fully Orthodox,” in agreement with the pure faith that we have received from Christ and the Apostles and taught by the Fathers and the Ecumenical Councils.

Can the Church “make” a saint? The answer is no. Only God can do that. We glorify those whom God Himself has glorified, seeing in their lives true love for God and their neighbors. The Church merely recognizes that such a person has cooperated with God’s grace to the extent that his or her holiness is beyond doubt.

Are saints “elected” by special panels or by majority vote? Again, the answer is no. Long before an official inquiry into a person’s life is made, that person is venerated by the people where he or she lived and died. His or her memory is kept alive by the people who pray for his or her soul or who ask him or her for intercession. Sometimes people will visit his or her grave or have icons painted through their love for the person. Then a request is made, usually through the diocesan bishop, for the Church to recognize that person as a saint. A committee, such as the Orthodox Church in America’s Canonization Commission, is formed to research the life of the person who is being considered for glorification and to submit a report to the Holy Synod stating its reasons why the person should or should not be recognized as a saint. Then the Holy Synod decides to number that person among the saints and have icons painted and liturgical services composed.

The formal Rite of Glorification begins with a final Memorial Service for the person about to be canonized, after which Vespers and Matins with special hymns to the saint are chanted and the saint’s icon is unveiled. The saint’s life is published and the date of his or her commemoration is established. The other Orthodox Churches are notified of the glorification so that they can place the new saint’s name on their calendars.

Through the prayers of all the saints, may we be encouraged to follow their example of virtue and holiness.

Άγιος Παλλάδιος Ισαπόστολος και 1ος Επίσκοπος Σκωτίας και Ιρλανδίας, από Γαλλία (+450) – 6 Ιουλίου

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

IRELAND OF MY HEART

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Άγιος Παλλάδιος Ισαπόστολος και 1ος Επίσκοπος Σκωτίας και Ιρλανδίας, από Γαλλία (+450) – 6 Ιουλίου

Ο Άγιος Παλλάδιος ήταν ο πρώτος Επίσκοπος των Χριστιανών της Ιρλανδίας.

Γεννήθηκε σε ευγενή οικογένεια της Γαλατίας, σημερινή Γαλλία, και αρκετοί συγγενείς του ήταν Κληρικοί της Εκκλησίας. Ο Άγιος Παλλάδιος ήταν ο γιος του Exuperantius του Poitiers Γαλλίας.

Ο Άγιος Παλλάδιος είχε βαθμό του Διακόνου της Ρώμης.

Ο Άγιος Παλλάδιος ήταν παντρεμένος και είχε μια κόρη. Στη Ρώμη, ασπάστηκε την σύζυγό του και την κόρη του, αποχαιρετώντας τες με τον τρόπο των Αποστόλων, και ασκήτευσε στη Σικελία γύρω 408-409 και η κόρη του έγινε μοναχή σε κάποιο καλό μοναστήρι της Σικελίας.

Χειροτονήθηκε ιερέας περίπου το 415. Έζησε στη Ρώμη μεταξύ 418 έως 429. Προέτρεψε τον Επίσκοπο της Ρώμης Άγιο Κελεστίνο τον Α´ να στείλει τον Άγιο Γερμανό Επίσκοπο Auxerre Γαλλιας και τον Άγιο Λούπο Επίσκοπο Troyes Γαλλίας στη Μεγάλη Βρετανία, όπου οδήγησαν τους Βρετανούς από την αίρεση του Πελαγιασμού πίσω στην Ορθόδοξη Πίστη.

Ιρλανδία

Το 431 ο Άγιος Παλλάδιος χειροτονήθηκε Επίσκοπος από τον Άγιο Κελεστίνο Α´, Επίσκοπο της Ρώμης (+432) και στάλθηκε ως ο πρώτος Επίσκοπος στους Χριστιανούς της Ιρλανδίας. Έτσι αρχικά ο Ἀγιος Παλλάδιος πήγε στο Hy-Garchon της Ιρλανδίας, όπου βρίσκεται η σημερινή όμορφη πόλη του Wicklow.

Ο Άγιος Παλλάδιος κήρυξε στην Ιρλανδία πριν τον Άγιο Πατρίκιο ώσπου εξορίστηκε από τον βασιλιά του Leinster της Ιρλανδίας, και πήγε στη Σκωτία ως ο πρώτος Επίσκοπός της για να κηρύξει το Ευαγγέλιο και να θεμελιώσει την τοπική Εκκλησία.

Ο Άγιος Παλλάδιος στην Ιρλανδία συνοδευόταν από τέσσερεις συνεργάτες τον Σιλβέστρο και το Σολίνο που παρέμειναν στην Ιρλανδία και τον Αυγουστίνο και τον Βενέδικτο οι οποίοι τον ακολούθησαν στη Σκωτία και μετά την κοίμηση του επέστρεψαν στη χώρα τους.

Σκωτία

Στη Σκωτία προήδρευσε μιας χριστιανικής κοινότητας για περίπου 20 χρόνια η οποία ήταν στο Fordun, δεκαπέντε μίλια νότια του Aberdeen, όπου καί κοιμήθηκε το έτος 450.

Εκεί υπάρχουν και τα ερείπια του αρχαίου Ορθόδοξου μικρού Ναού του 5ου αιώνα του Αγίου Παλλαδίου, όπου Λειτουργούσε ως Επίσκοπος για 20 χρόνια.

Το Fordoun είναι από τις πρώτες χριστιανικές περιοχές στη Σκωτία.

Το αρχαίο Ορθόδοξο Παρεκκλήσι του Αγίου Παλλαδίου στο Fordoun ήταν η περιοχή της τοπικής εκκλησίας που ιδρύθηκε από τον Άγιο Παλλάδιο τον 5ο αιώνα, ο οποίος κήρυξε και κοιμήθηκε εδώ.

Τα Ιερά Λείψανα του Αγίου Παλλαδίου διατηρήθηκαν σε ασημένια λάρνακα μέσα στο εκκλησάκι αυτό.

Το παρεκκλήσι – επίσης γνωστό ως Paldy Kirk – ήταν η Μητέρα εκκλησία για την περιοχή Mearns.

Τα ερείπια στην επιφάνεια του εδάφους είναι ενός ξωκλησιού του 13ου αιώνα, χτισμένο στη θέση του αρχικού κτιρίου του 5ου αιώνα το οποίο βρίσκεται ακριβώς κάτω από το έδαφος και η είσοδός του με πέτρινα σκαλιά είναι καλλημένη με μιά σχάρα.

Στην κρύπτη αυτή διαφυλάχθηκαν ανά τους αιώνες τα Ιερά Λείψανα του Αγίου Παλλαδίου όπου πολλοί προσκυνητές ήρθαν να επισκεφτούν.

Ο Ορθόδοξος βασιλιάς Kenneth III ήταν ένας από εκείνους τους προσκυνητές που στο δρόμο του για το Fordoun κοιμήθηκε το 994 μ.Χ.

Στον προθάλαμο της εκκλησίας είναι η πέτρα του Fordoun, ένας όμορφος αρχαίος Ορθόδοξος σκαλισμένος Σταυρός πάνω σε πέτρινη πλάκα η οποία ονομάζεται “Πέτρα του Αγίου Παλλαδίου”. Η πλάκα με το Σταυρό ανακαλύφθηκε το 1787, όταν ο άμβωνας του παρεκκλησίου κατεδαφίστηκε. Ο Σταυρός μπορεί να ήταν κρυμμένος εδώ κατά τη διάρκεια της Προτεσταντικής Μεταρρύθμισης. Δείχνει μια θαυμάσια περίπλοκη Σταυρού μέ παραδοσιακά σύμβολα των Πικτών, καθώς και επιγραφές Ogham και ρωμαϊκή γραφή.

Υπάρχουν πολλές ενδιαφέρουσες παλιές ταφόπλακες κοντά στο παρεκκλήσι. Μια άλλη πέτρα έχει σκαλισμένο ένα δάχτυλο το οποίο δείχνει προς τα πάνω προς τον Ουρανό και μια λέξη είναι χαραγμένη: “Σπίτι”.

Η Χριστιανική αυτή κοινότητα του Fordoun ήταν η πρώτη χριστιανική ιεραποστολή στο βόρειο τμήμα της Σκωτίας.

Το αρχαίο εκκλησάκι του Αγίου Παλλαδίου είναι προσβάσιμο ανά πάσα στιγμή.

Επικαλέσθηκαν τον Άγιο Νικέτιο (St Nicetius) Επίσκοπο Trier της Γερμανίας (+566) όταν ήταν εν ζωή & σώθηκαν απο τρικυμία

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FAITHBOOK – ORTHODOXY

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Άγιος Νικέτιος (St Nicetios) Επίσκοπος Trier της Γερμανίας (+566)

5 Δεκεμβρίου

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Επικαλέσθηκαν τον Άγιο Νικέτιο (St Nicetius)

Επίσκοπο Trier της Γερμανίας (+566) όταν ήταν εν ζωή

& σώθηκαν απο τρυκυμία

Ἕνας ἄνδρας μέ πολύ μακριά μαλλιά καί γενειάδα πλησίασε τόν Ἅγιο Νικέτιο (St Nicetius) Ἐπίσκοπο Trier της Γερμανίας (5 Δεκ, +566), καί πέφτοντας στα πόδια του, τοῦ εἶπε:

—Εἶμαι ἐκεῖνος, Κύριέ μου, πού βρέθηκε σέ κίνδυνο στήν θάλασσα καί ἀπελευθερώθηκε μέ τήν βοήθειά σου.

Ὅμως, ὁ Ἅγιος, ἀφοῦ τόν ἐπέπληξε αὐστηρά γιά τήν ἐπιθυμία του νά τόν δοξάση γι᾽ αὐτό, τοῦ εἶπε:

—Πές πῶς σέ ἔσωσε ὁ Θεός ἀπό ἐκεῖνον τόν κίνδυνο, διότι ἡ δύναμί μου δέν θά μποροῦσε νά σώση κανένα.

Ὁ ἄνδρας ἀπάντησε:

—Πρόσφατα, ἔχοντας ἀνέβει σ᾽ ἕνα πλοῖο γιά νά πάω στήν Ἰταλία, μπῆκε μαζί μου καί ἕνα πλῆθος εἰδωλολατρῶν, ἔτσι ὥστε βρέθηκα νά εἶμαι ὁ μόνος Χριστιανός στό μέσον αὐτοῦ τοῦ πλήθους τῶν χωρικῶν. Ξεσηκώθηκε, ὅμως, μία θύελλα, καί τότε ἄρχισα νά ἐπικαλοῦμαι τό ὄνομα τοῦ Κυρίου καί νά Τόν ἱκετεύω νά μέ γλυτώση ἀπ᾽ τό θάνατο μέ τήν μεσιτεία σου. Οἱ εἰδωλολάτρες, μέ τή σειρά τους, ἐπικαλοῦνταν τούς θεούς τους: ἕνας τό Δία, ἄλλος τόν Ἑρμῆ, ἄλλος τήν Ἀθηνᾶ, καί ἄλλος τήν Ἀφροδίτη. Καί ὅταν κινδυνεύαμε νά χαθοῦμε, τούς εἶπα: “Ἄνδρες, σταματεῖστε νά ἐπικαλῆσθε αὐτούς τούς θεούς, διότι δέν εἶναι θεοί ἀλλά δαίμονες. Ἄν θέλετε νά βγῆτε ἀπ᾽ τόν κίνδυνο ὅπου βρισκόμασθε, ἐπικαλεσθεῖτε τόν Ἅγιο Νικέτιο (St Nicetius), γιά νά λάβη ἀπό τό Θεό τό ἔλεος νά σωθοῦμε”. Μέ μιά φωνή τότε φώναξαν, μέ τά ἑξῆς λόγια: “Θεέ τοῦ Νικετίου, σῶσε μας!”. Καί τότε ἡ θάλασσα ἡσύχασε ἀμέσως, ὁ ἄνεμος κόπασε, ὁ ἥλιος ἔκανε καί πάλι τήν ἐμφάνισί του, καί τό πλοῖο μας κατευθύνθηκε ἐκεῖ ὅπου θέλαμε. Ὄσο γιά μένα, ὁρκίστηκα νά μήν κόψω τά μαλλιά μου πρίν παρουσιασθῶ ἐνώπιόν σας. Ἔπειτα ὁ ἄνδρας αὐτός, ἀφοῦ ἔκοψε τά μαλλιά του μέ ἐντολή τοῦ Ἐπισκόπου, εφυγε γιά τήν Auvergne της Γαλλίας, ἀπό ὅπου εἶπε ὅτι εἶχε ἔρθει.

Από το βιβλίο: Vita Patrum, Ο Βίος τῶν Πατέρων, τοῦ Ἁγ. Γρηγορίου της Τούρ, τόμ. 1, Βιβλίο Γ´, ἐκδ. Ἅγ. Σεραφείμ τοῦ Σαρώφ, 2015

Πηγή:

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TRUTH TARGET – ΟΡΘΟΔΟΞΗ ΑΠΟΛΟΓΗΤΙΚΗ

Святой Деклан Ирландии, игумен и епископ Ардморский (+V век) – Russian

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Святой Деклан Ирландии,

игумен и епископ Ардморский, Ирландия(+V век)

День памяти: 24 июля

Святой Деклан родился на территории племени десси, что в Уотерфорде (Ирландия) и считался его покровителем.

Он был ирландским монахом, который был крещён Колманом из Дромора и стал учеником.

Он, вероятно, проповедовал Евангелие до прибытия в те края святого Патрика. Он, быть может, совершил два паломничества в Рим, а затем стал первым епископом Ардмора, что было подтверждено св. Патриком во время синода в Кашеле в 448 году. Известны многие чудеса св. Деклана, который был весьма почитаем племенем десси.

Η Αγία Παρθενομάρτυς Βαλβίνα (Μαλβίνα) της Ρώμης, ο πατέρας της Άγιος Μάρτυρας Κουϊρίνος ο Τριβούνος Ρωμαίος Στρατιώτης και οι Άγιοι Ιερομάρτυρες Αλέξανδρος Α´ 5ος Επίσκοπος Ρώμης, Εβέντιος και Θεόδουλος (+116)

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ITALY OF MY HEART

Η Αγία Παρθενομάρτυς Βαλβίνα (Μαλβίνα) της Ρώμης, ο πατέρας της Άγιος Μάρτυρας Κουϊρίνος ο Τριβούνος Ρωμαίος Στρατιώτης και οι Άγιοι Ιερομάρτυρες Αλέξανδρος Α´ 5ος Επίσκοπος Ρώμης, Εβέντιος και Θεόδουλος (+116)

╰⊰¸¸.•¨* 

Αγία Παρθενομάρτυς Βαλβίνα (Μαλβίνα) της Ρώμης (+116) – 31 Μαρτίου

Άγιος Μάρτυρας Κουϊρίνος ο Τριβούνος της Ρώμης (+116) – 30 Απριλίου & 30 Μαρτίου

Άγιος Αλέξανδρος Α´, 5ος Επίσκοπος Ρώμης (+116) – 16 Μαρτίου & 3 Μαϊου

╰⊰¸¸.•¨*

Η Αγία Παρθενομάρτυς Βαλβίνα ή Μαλβίνα της Ρώμης ήταν κόρη του Τριβούνου (αξιωματικός του Ρωμαϊκού στρατού) Αγίου Μάρτυρα Κουϊρίνου ο οποίος ήταν ο φύλακας των Χριστιανών φυλακισμένων Αγίου ιερομάρτυρος Αλεξάνδρου του Α´, 5ου Επισκόπου Ρώμης και άλλων Χριστιανών Μαρτύρων και ομολογητών.

Ο Κουϊρίνος διατάχθηκε να κρατήσει τον Άγιο Αλέξανδρο Α´ 5ο Επίσκοπο Ρώμης και έναν άνδρα με το όνομα Ερμή στη φυλακή λόγω της χριστιανικής τους πίστης. Κρατήθηκαν σε ξεχωριστές φυλακές που ήταν σε μεγάλη απόσταση μεταξύ τους. Και οι δύο ήταν αλυσοδεμένοι και καλά φυλασσόμενοι.

Ο Κουϊρίνος προσπαθούσε να μεταστρέψει τον Ερμή πίσω στους παλιούς ειδωλολατρικούς θεούς, αλλά υποσχέθηκε να γίνει Χριστιανός, αν ο Ερμής θα μπορούσε να αποδείξει ότι υπήρχε μετά θάνατον ζωή.

Ο Ερμής του εξήγησε ότι ο φυλακισμένος Επίσκοπος Ρώμης Αλέξανδρος έχει καλήτερα επιχειρήματα από ότι ο ίδιος και ζήτησε αρκετές φορές για να επισκεφθεί το κελλί της φυλακής του.

Αρχικά ο Κουϊρίνος συμφώνησε με αυτό, αλλά μετά από λίγο θύμωσε, πιστεύοντας ότι αυτές οι επισκέψεις ήταν περριτές και τους απαγόρευσε να μιλάνε ο ένας στον άλλο. Εκείνο το βράδυ ο Ερμής προσευχήθηκεκαι ένας Άγγελος Κυρίου εμφανίστηκε στον Άγιο Επίσκοπο Ρώμης Αλεξάνδρο, απελευθερώνοντας τις Continue reading “Η Αγία Παρθενομάρτυς Βαλβίνα (Μαλβίνα) της Ρώμης, ο πατέρας της Άγιος Μάρτυρας Κουϊρίνος ο Τριβούνος Ρωμαίος Στρατιώτης και οι Άγιοι Ιερομάρτυρες Αλέξανδρος Α´ 5ος Επίσκοπος Ρώμης, Εβέντιος και Θεόδουλος (+116)”

Heilige Dermot van Inchcleraun Eiland en Lough Ree, Ierland (+542) – 10 januari

http://irelandofmyheart.wordpress.com

IRELAND OF MY HEART

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Heilige Dermot van Inchcleraun Eiland

en Lough Ree, Ierland (+542)

10 januari

Heilige Dermot (ook Diarmis of Diarmaid) (+ c. 542) was een Ierse geestelijke. Hij was de stichter van het klooster van Innis-Closran (of Inchcleraun) in Ierland en werd er abt. Hij werd geestelijk leidsman van de heilige Kiernan van Clonracnois eilanden. Diarmaid bouwde 7 kerken op het Quaker Island.

Zijn feestdag is op 10 januari.

The Lives of the Saints -St Luke the Evangelist Orthodox Church in Pallos Hills, Illinois, USA

http://usaofmyheart.wordpress.com

USA OF MY HEART

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The Lives of the Saints

by

St Luke the Evangelist Orthodox Church

in Pallos Hills, Illinois, USA

Saints by Day

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

Saints A – Z

Saints A thru E
Saints F thru J
Saints K thru O
Saints P thru T
Saints U thru Z

American Saints

Saints of America

Saint Begnet of Ireland & her Holy Well in Dalkey Island, Ireland (+7th century) – November 12

http://irelandofmyheart.wordpress.com

IRELAND OF MY HEART

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Saint Begnet of Ireland and her Holy Well

in Dalkey Island, Ireland (7th century)

Feast day: November 12

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Saint Begnet (also Begneta, Begnete, Begnait or Becnait) is a patron saint of Dalkey, Ireland. The name Begnet is most likely a diminutive form of Beg or Bec. She is noted as a “virgin, not a martyr”. St Begnet was an Irish princess who lived in the 7th century. Her feast day is November 12. Two ruined churches in Dalkey are named for Begnet, one on Dalkey Island, and the other near the 15th-century stone townhouse now serving as Dalkey Castle and Heritage Centre, in the area known as Kilbegnet. A holy well located near the martello tower on the island is also associated with her.

St Begnet’s father was Colman, the son of Aedh in the parish of Kilbegnatan (Kilbegnet or Cill Becnait). Like many other female virgin saints, she is described as beautiful and desirable, but she refused her numerous suitors in favor of religious devotion. Her social status is sometimes given as “Irish princess”, and thus she would have been a valuable bride. She is said variously to have lived as an anchorite or to have served as the first abbess of nuns on a small island off the coast of England.

She gave her name to the two churches in the area and Dalkey town and surrounding area was for many centuries known as Kilbegnet. Perhaps she came from Dalkey, or perhaps she sailed from here to pioneer her religious order. It may also be possible the churches were dedicated to her memory by missionaries, spreading the faith after her death.

As a child, St Begnet was visited by an angel who gave her a bracelet inscribed with a cross as a mark of her vocation.

St Begnet grew up to become a beautiful woman and had many suitors. Her parents arranged her marriage to the son of the King of Norway. But still dedicated to the vows she had taken, Begnet had no wish to take a husband. To avoid marriage, she left home, leaving everything but the bracelet given to her by the Angel. She found passage in a small boat and sailed to Northumbria on the West Coast of England. There she was received into the Church by Bishop Aidan and became the first abbess of nuns. Her convent was constantly plundered by pirates, so after several years Begnet moved inland towards Cumberland.

Her bracelet became an object of veneration after her death.

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Saint Begnet’s Well

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Dalkey Island, Ireland

https://www.google.gr/maps/@53.2748152,-6.0937406,3a,75y,113.8h,72.84t/data=!3m6!1e1!3m4!1sj-3Cc5p1Ra7T4VdqSuXEww!2e0!7i13312!8i6656!6m1!1e1?hl=el

Dalkey Village, Ireland

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St Begnet’s Church, 9th century

 

St Begnet’s Church

The 9th century granite church named after the virgin Saint, St Begnet, probably replaced an earlier wooden church dating back to the Early Christian period. The Nave dates to the 10th century and later the Bellcote and Chancel were added in the 13th century. Inside the Nave on the eastern side of the doorway is a Stoup and there is an Ambry built into the southern wall of the chancel. Scattered throughout the graveyard are a number of decorated headstones and on the northern side of the church is a rare Tau Cross.

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The ruin of the church of St. Begnet on Dalkey Island, Ireland

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Goat Castle, Dalkey Village, Ireland

Dalkey heritage centre

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Rathdown Slab

In the Dalkey heritage centre there is the Rathdown Slab. The slab was found in the graveyard surrounding St Begnet’s Church in 1855. The Rathdown Slabs are usually linked to churches dated to the 11th and 12th century. The first slabs were recorded by Austin Cooper in 1781 and since then the number of viking slabs has risen to around 30. This particular slab is one of the finest examples and standing at about 5 ft tall one of the largest. It is thought the slab may have been decorated originally with viking art such as the cup marks, but that a number of christian symbols such as the large ring with a cross in the centre, may have been added later. Other examples have been recorded at Kilgobbin Church, Rathmichael Church, Whitechurch, Ballyman, Kiltiernan, Tully Church, Killegar and more recently in Dundrum.

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St Begnat’s Church of 9th century

in Dalkey Village

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Святая преподобная мати Димитра Егорова Киевская из Бугарске (+1878) ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Serbian

http://synaxarion-hagiology.blogspot.com

SYNAXARION-HAGIOLOGY

Святая преподобная мати Димитра Киевская

(М. А. Егорова 1810-1878 гг.)

основательница Киевского Свято-Введенского монастыря (1878)

18 апреля 2008 года Постановлением Священного Синода Украинской Православной Церкви монахиня Димитра (Матрона Александровна Егорова) была причислена к лику местночтимых святых. Отныне преподобная Димитра, обретя бессмертие, находится в одном ряду со святыми женами Руси.

Монахиня Димитра родилась в 1810 году в городе Силистрия (Болгария). Она была воспитана благочестивыми родителями Александром и Марией в духе православной веры, на многочисленных примерах жития и благочестия святых, прославивших болгарскую землю.

В конце 20-х годов XIX ст. семья преподобной Димитры переселилась в Бессарабию. Муж матушки Димитры, капитан российской армии Иван Егоров геройски погиб в Крымской войне (1853–1856). Сама матушка Димитра принимала участие в обороне Севастополя (1855–1856), помогая раненым на поле боя. За участие в Крымской войне она получила несколько наград, а также медаль за русско-турецкую войну (1877–1878), во время которой организовала лазарет для раненых воинов в своем доме в Киеве.

С 1856 года преподобная Димитра жила в Киеве, вела благочестивую жизнь. Господь привел ее на порог духовной жизни ― Промыслом Божиим матушка Димитра познакомилась с Киевским Митрополитом Исидором (Никольским) (1858–1860), который на долгие годы стал ее духовным отцом и наставником. Она глубоко почитала Митрополита и ничего не предпринимала без его благословения, находясь во всегдашнем послушании своему духовнику. Митрополит Исидор указал матушке подвижнический путь, следуя которым, она многое смогла сделать на благо Церкви и общества, проявить себя в истинно христианской деятельности. По предложению Владыки, матушка Димитра взяла на себя труд по созданию религиозной женской общины для вдов и сирот погибших воинов и бедных бесприютных женщин. В благословение и в покровительство будущей обители Митрополит Исидор преподнес досточтимую Боголюбскую икону Божией Матери.

Благочестивыми трудами матушки Димитры и на ее средства в 1860–1878 годах была создана первая в Киеве религиозная женская община ― Свято-Введенская, утвержденная Указом Императора Александра ІІ от 4/17 марта 1878 года. В 1901 году община была преобразована в общежительный монастырь.

Однако матушка Димитра не смогла возглавить созданную общину. Всевышнему Богу было благоугодно призвать свою праведницу в небесные обители Своя. Преподобная Димитра мирно почила 9/22 марта 1878 года в Санкт-Петербурге, в день памяти Сорока Севастийских мучеников, воинов Христовых. По распоряжению митрополита Исидора она была временно похоронена в Александро-Невской Лавре, в «палатке» при Федоровской церкви.

Преподобная Димитра была тайной монахиней, и постриг ее совершился по особому ходатайству Митрополита Исидора и его свидетельства о том, что матушка давно ведет подготовительную к монашеству жизнь.

8/21 августа 1878 года тело матушки Димитры было перевезено из Санкт-Петербурга в Киев и захоронено, согласно ее предсмертному пожеланию, в Введенской общине, в нижнем храме-усыпальнице. Ежегодно, 9/22 марта, в день ее кончины, и 26 октября/8 ноября, по случаю храмового праздника киевские митрополиты и архимандриты Киево-Печерской Лавры служили Божественную литургию и панихиду у могилы основательницы Свято-Введенской обители. Совершались поминальные службы и в Александро-Невской лавре.

16 сентября (по новому стилю) 1960 года, после закрытия Введенского монастыря, мощи матушки Димитры были перенесены из храма и перезахоронены на Зверинецком кладбище. 8/21 августа 1996 года, по благословению Блаженнейшего Владимира, Митрополита Киевского и всея Украины, и разрешению властей города состоялось обретение мощей матушки Димитры и их возвращение из Зверинецкого кладбища в обитель. При обретении мощей основательницы было установлено, что святые мощи сохранились частично, нетленными остались голова и верхняя часть тела. Под светским платьем подвижницы обнаружен монашеский параман, на лицо матушки был возложен «наличник», а само тело было обернуто мантией. Все это явилось наглядным подтверждением монашеского пострига матушки Димитры.

Современные насельники монастыря являются продолжателями молитвенного почитания памяти строительницы, поддерживая и развивая традиции, совершая богослужения в установленные дни.

Жизнь праведницы продлилась и после ее кончины. Подвигом своей богоугодной жизни преподобная Димитра получила от Господа дар благодатной молитвы и дивное дарование исцеления болезней людей.

Извор:

http://www.vvedenskiy.com.ua/index.php/media-arxiv/87-obitel/жизнеописания-святых/116-преподобная-мати-димитра-киевская

Saint Palladius 1st Bishop of Ireland & Scotland, from France (+450) – July 6

http://greatbritainofmyheart.wordpress.com

GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

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Saint Palladius 1st Bishop of Ireland & Scotland, 

from France (+450)

July 6

Saint Palladius was the first Bishop of the Christians of Ireland, preceding Saint Patrick.

The Palladii were thought to be amongst the most noble families of Gaul, and several of them held high ranks in the Church of Gaul. Saint Palladius was the son of Exuperantius of Poitiers.

Saint Palladius held the (higher) rank of Deacon of Rome.

Saint Palladius was married and had a young daughter. In Rome, he kissed his family goodbye in the manner of the Apostles, and lived as an ascetic in Sicily around 408-409, giving his daughter to a convent on that island. He seems to have been ordained as a priest around 415. He lived in Rome between 418–429, and appears to be the “Deacon Palladius”, responsible for urging Pope Celestine I to send the bishop Germanus to Britain, where he guided the Britons back to the Orthodox faith.

Ireland

In 431, he have been sent as the first bishop to the Christians of Ireland: Palladius, having been ordained by Pope Celestine, is sent as first bishop to the Irish believing in Christ. Palladius landed at Hy-Garchon, where the town of Wicklow now stands.

Irish writers that chronicled the life of St. Patrick state that St. Palladius preached in Ireland before St. Patrick, although he was soon banished by the King of Leinster, and returned to North Britain. According to Muirchu (who lived two centuries later) in the Book of Armagh, God hindered him…and neither did those fierce and cruel men receive his doctrine readily, nor did he himself wish to spend time in a strange land, but returned to him who sent him. Palladius was accompanied by four companions: Sylvester and Solinus, who remained after him in Ireland, and Augustinus and Benedictus, who followed him to Britain but returned to their own country after his death. Palladius is most strongly associated with Leinster, particularly with Clonard, County Meath.

Scotland

According to St. Prosper, Palladius arrived among the Scots in North Britain (in the consulate of Bassus and Antiochus) after he left Ireland in 431. Scottish church tradition holds that he presided over a Christian community there for about 20 years.

 

St Palladius’s Chapel

5th century shrine is among the earliest Christian sites in Scotland.

Fordoun was the site of a chapel founded by the 5th century saint, Palladius, who is said to have preached and died here.

The saint’s relics were preserved in a silver shrine with the chapel that he built at Fordoun.

The chapel – also known as Paldy Kirk – was the mother church for the Mearns region. The ruins of a 13th century chapel built on the site of the original 5th century building can still be seen beside the later church and there is still a well known as St Palladius’s Well in the grounds of the manse.

The ancient ruins were rebuilt in the 16th century and again in 1788. In 1828 the roof collapsed and the chapel was finally abandoned in favour of the new and much grander building we see today. Within the ruined 13th century building is a holy water stoup and an aumbry in the north wall. The three large lancets are a 17th century addition.

The most intriguing feature in the chapel ruins is not above ground however. Protected by a metal grate are stone steps leading down into the earth to a crypt unse the chapel floor.

One plausible theory is that the crypt was where the relics of St Palladius were held, and where pilgrims came to visit his shrine. King Kenneth III was one of those piulgrims; it is said that he was on his way to Fordoun when he died in 994 AD.

In the vestibule of the church is the Fordoun Stone, a beautifully carved Pictish cross slab. This was discovered in 1787 when the pulpit of the chapel was pulled down. The cross may have been hidden here during the Reformation. It shows a marvellously intricate cross and traditional pictish symbols, plus inscriptions in Ogham and a Roman script.

There are several interesting old gravestones near the chapel (some actually leaning agaimst the chapel wall). One stone to William Christison has a rather pointed reminder (literally); a finger points upwards to the heavens above, and a single word is carved – ‘Home’.

Palladius was the first Christian missionery in northern Scotland. He was ordained a priest by Pope Celestine in 430 AD, and is thought to have preached in Ireland before arriving in the Mearns area of Scotland. Presumably he found the natives less than receptive, for his martyrdom occurred not long after his arrival.

The chapel is accessible at any time.

Αγίες Χλόη, Δάμαρις, Πρίσκιλλα Ιουνία, Φοίβη, Συντύχη, Τρυφαίνα, Τρυφώσα, Μαριάμ, Ευοδία & Περσίδα, οι συνεργάτριες του Αποστόλου Παύλου (+1ος αιώνας)

http://agiologia.wordpress.com

ΑΓΙΟΛΟΓΙΑ

ΟΡΘΟΔΟΞΟΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ ΚΕΛΤΩΝ ΑΓΙΩΝ

& ΠΑΝΤΩΝ ΤΩΝ ΑΓΙΩΝ

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Αγίες Χλόη, Δάμαρις, Πρίσκιλλα, Ιουνία, Φοίβη

Συντύχη, Τρυφαίνα, Τρυφώσα, Μαριάμ, Ευοδία & Περσίδα,

οι συνεργάτριες του Αποστόλου Παύλου

(+1ος αιώνας)

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Αγία Χλόη η συνεργάτρια του Αποστόλου Παύλου (+1ος αι.)

14 Φεβρουαρίου

Η Αγία Χλόη, που ήταν Κορίνθια (κι όχι Εφέσια όπως αναφέρουν μερικές συναξαριστικές πηγές) ήταν μια πολύ αξιόλογη συνεργάτρια του Απόστολου Παύλου στην Εκκλησία της Κορίνθου.

Η Χλόη ήταν πνευματικά συνδεδεμένη με το μεγάλο Απόστολο του Χριστού. Παραστεκόταν τον Απόστολο στην ιεραποστολική του διακονία, όσο της ήταν δυνατό να το κάνει. Αγωνιούσε για την προκοπή της Εκκλησίας της Κορίνθου και ζούσε κι αυτή κάτι από την αγωνία του Αποστόλου. Γι’ αυτό, όταν προέκυψαν σ’ αυτή την Εκκλησία έριδες, έσπευσε και ενημέρωσε με ανθρώπους του σπιτιού της τον Απόστολο Παύλο, εκεί στην Έφεσο, όπου τότε βρισκόταν. Ο στίχος είναι σαφής: «ἐδηλώθη γάρ μοι περὶ ὑμῶν, ἀδελφοί μου, ὑπὸ τῶν Χλόης ὅτι ἔριδες ἐν ὑμῖν εἰσι». (Α’ Κορ. α, 11). Αυτή η ενημέρωση στάθηκε σαν βασική αιτία να γράψει ο Απόστολος την πρώτη του επιστολή προς Κορινθίους.

Η ενημέρωση αυτή που έσπευσε και έκανε η Χλόη στον απόστολο Παύλο, μαρτυρεί όλο τον εσωτερικό κόσμο αυτής της ψυχής καθώς και την βαθιά της πίστη στον Χριστό. Γι’ αυτό και η Αγία Χλόη, δεν ήθελε να υπάρχουν έριδες. Δεν ήθελε να γίνονται φιλονικίες. Δεν ήθελε να κομματιάζονται οι πιστοί. Δεν ήθελε πολλές ομάδες πιστών, αλλά μια και μόνο. Εκείνην που φρονούσε: «ἐγὼ δὲ Χριστοῦ» (Α’ Κορ. α, 12). Γιατί έτσι φρονούσε κι αυτής η καλή ψυχή. Να είναι η Εκκλησία της Κορίνθου ένα σώμα με κεφαλή το Χριστό. Έτσι, όπως το σημειώνει αυτό ο Απόστολος στην επιστολή του προς Κολασσαείς. «καὶ Continue reading “Αγίες Χλόη, Δάμαρις, Πρίσκιλλα Ιουνία, Φοίβη, Συντύχη, Τρυφαίνα, Τρυφώσα, Μαριάμ, Ευοδία & Περσίδα, οι συνεργάτριες του Αποστόλου Παύλου (+1ος αιώνας)”

Αγία Οσιομάρτυς Μαρία Σκομπτσόβα του Παρισιού, η διά Χριστόν σαλή, από Λετονία (+1945) – 31 Μαρτίου ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Χαιρετισμοί από την Ποιητική Συλλογή “Φύλλα…” του Άβελ-Αναστασίου Γκιουζέλη

http://franceofmyheart.wordpress.com

FRANCE OF MY HEART

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St. Maria Skobtsova

Αγία Οσιομάρτυς Μαρία Σκομπτσόβα του Παρισιού,

η διά Χριστόν σαλή, από Λετονία (+1945)

31 Μαρτίου

Οι δια Χριστόν σαλοί ήταν οι άγιοι της ελευθερίας. Η ελευθερία μας καλεί, ενάντια σ’ όλο τον κόσμο, ενάντια όχι μόνο στους ειδωλολάτρες, αλλά και σε πολλούς που αρέσκονται να λέγονται Χριστιανοί, να αναλάβουμε το έργο της Εκκλησίας σ’ αυτό το δρόμο ο οποίος είναι και ο πιο δύσκολος. Και θα γίνουμε σαλοί δια Χριστόν, γιατί γνωρίζουμε όχι μόνο τη δυσκολία αυτού του δρόμου, αλλά και την απέραντη ευτυχία του να νιώθουμε το χέρι του Θεού σε ό,τι κάνουμε.

Η Μητέρα Μαρία ανακηρύχθηκε επίσημα Αγία από το Οικουμενικό Πατριαρχείο τον Μάρτιο του 2004. Ήδη όμως, στη συνείδηση των ανθρώπων που ήξεραν τις λεπτομέρειες της ζωής της αναγνωριζόταν σαν μια από τις μεγαλύτερες Αγίες του 20ου αιώνα. Ήταν μια λαμπρή θεολόγος που υπηρέτησε με γενναιότητα την πίστη της σε εφιαλτικούς καιρούς και είχε μαρτυρικό θάνατο στο στρατόπεδο συγκέντρωσης του Ράβενσμπρουκ στη Γερμανία το 1945″ (
Τζιμ Φόρεστ).

Η αγία Μαρία Σκομπτσόβα, κατά κόσμον Ελισαβέτα Πιλένκο, γεννήθηκε το 1891 στην πόλη Ρίγα της Λεττονίας, η οποία τότε ήταν κομμάτι της Ρωσικής αυτοκρατορίας. Έζησε μια επική ζωή, γεμάτη ανατροπές, προσωπικές και εθνικές τραγωδίες, αλλά και μια Continue reading “Αγία Οσιομάρτυς Μαρία Σκομπτσόβα του Παρισιού, η διά Χριστόν σαλή, από Λετονία (+1945) – 31 Μαρτίου ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Χαιρετισμοί από την Ποιητική Συλλογή “Φύλλα…” του Άβελ-Αναστασίου Γκιουζέλη”

Saint Paraskevi the Holy & Glorious Virgin-Martyr of Greece, from Rome (+161) – Patron Saint of the eyes – July 26

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SAINTS OF MY HEART

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Holy Skull of St. Paraskevi in Petraki Monastery, Athens, Greece

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Saint Paraskevi the Holy & Glorious Virgin-Martyr of Greece, from Rome (+161)

Patron Saint of the eyes

July 26

The holy and glorious Virgin-Martyr Saint Paraskevi (also Paraskeva) was arrested during the reign of the Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius (r. A.D. 138-161) under the penalty of refusing to worship idols and adhering to the state pagan religion. After enduring many tortures, she was eventually released by the emperor, continuing to profess Christ. She was eventually tortured and beheaded by the Roman governor Tarasius in the year 180. The Church commemorates her on July 26.

Saint Paraskevi, The Parthenomartyr, (July 26th), was born in a village near Rome during the reign of Hadrian (117-138 AD). Her parents were the pious Christians Agathonikos (Agathon) and Politea. Her parents prayed fervently for a child, and God finally blessed their piety. They gave great honor to Friday, the day of Our Lord’s suffering. Being born on this day, her parents named her Paraskevi (“Friday” in Greek, but literally “preparation”).

St Paraskevi obtained an excellent education from both secular and Scriptural instructors. She was also very knowledgeable in the field of philosophy. Bolstered by her Christian upbringing, she often conversed with other women about Christianity, trying to strengthen their faith in this new religion. Many distinguished families wanted this beautiful, educated and rich woman to marry their sons. Her understanding and kindness made her even more desirable. However having a higher goal in life, St Paraskevi rejected any marriage proposals.

When she was 20 years old, both her parents died 1eaving her as the sole heir to the family fortune. St Paraskevi did not use her fortune for herself. Filled with the spirit of Christ and Christian ideals, she sold all her worldly possessions using the money to relieve human suffering. There was a portion retained to a community treasury that supported a home for reverent virgins who stayed in a kenobion, a type of commune like a contemporary monastery. These women prayed and fasted doing charitable works. They preached primarily to Hebrew and idol worshiping women giving them an opportunity to learn about Christian salvation.

She left Rome at the age of 30 and began her holy mission, passing through many cities and villages. St Paraskevi’s activities occurred during a period that the Jews and Romans persecuted the Christian religion with the greatest intensity. Antoninus Pius (138-161) ruled Rome at this time, and he did not execute Christians without a trial. She was not caught immediately or put to death. Instead, Antoninus protected Christians against the blind mania of the Jewish and Roman inhabitants. Christians could only be brought to trial if another citizen lodged a formal complaint against them. Antoninus however had to repeal this law because of the many disasters which had befallen Rome and which were blamed on the Christians.

Strong in faith, learning, and eloquence, Paraskevi spoke persuasively to her fellow Roman citizens, leading them from idolatry to faith in Christ. Eventually, Antoninus heard of St. Paraskevi’s holy mission. Upon her return to Rome, several Jews filed complaints about her and Antoninus summoned her to his palace to question her. Attracted by her beauty and humility he tried with kind words to make her denounce her faith, even promising to marry her and make her an empress. Angered by her refusal he had a steel helmet, lined with nails and compressed on her head with a vice. It had no effect on the Saint and many who witnessed this miracle converted to Christianity. Thrown into prison, Paraskevi asked God to give her the strength to face the terror that awaited her. Antoninus again continued her torture by having her hung by her hair and at the same time burning her hands and arms with torches. The Saint suffered greatly, but had the will not to submit to the pain. Antoninus then prepared a large cauldron of oil and tar, boiled the mixture and then had Paraskevi immersed in it. Miraculously she stood in it as if she being refreshed rather than burned. Angered, Antoninus thought that she was using witchery to keep the contents cooled. Antoninus then approached the cauldron only to be blinded by the hot steam and searing emissions coming from the area. At this moment the mighty emperor asked for the intervention of St Paraskevi to heal him from this affliction to which she responded:

“Emperor, the Christian God is healing you from the blindness that was given to you as a punishment”.

Immediately, he regained his sight. Humbled by the miracle he freed the Saint, allowing her to continue her missionary activity and ended all persecutions against the Christians throughout the Roman Empire.

From this episode it is clear to the Christians that St Paraskevi has the intercessional ability to help people with visual ailments.

Astonished by the miracle, Antoninus released Paraskevi. He also ceased persecuting Christians throughout the Roman Empire.

This period was brief. After Antoninus’ death in 161, a plague broke out throughout the empire. Romans took it as a sign from their gods that that they were angered by the tolerance of Christianity. Under Antoninus’ successor, Marcus Aurelius (161-180), the laws dealing with “non-believers” were cahnged and the persecutions against the Christians resumed.

Despite these dangers, Paraskevi persevered in her missionary endeavors, spreading the Gospel wherever she traveled. By authority of emperor Aurelius the provincial eparchs Asclepius and Tarasios captured St Paraskevi. Having refused Asclepius’ demands to sacrifice to pagan gods, she was thrown into a snake pit. The Saint made the Sign of the Cross over the serpent and the serpent perished. Asclepius had heard of the Saint’s previous miracles, realized that a great and mighty power guarded Paraskevi and decided to set her free while Asclepius and his court were all converted.

Tarasios however was less tolerant. St Paraskevi was tied and beaten and afterwards imprisoned and a huge rock placed on her chest. She prayed to Christ to help her be strong. The next morning Paraskevi was taken willingly to the Temple of Apollo. Everyone praised Tarasios, thinking that he had succeeded in breaking St Paraskevi’s faith. However, upon entering the temple, the Saint raised her hand and made the sign of the cross. Suddenly, a loud noise was heard and all the idols in the temple were destroyed. The priests and idolaters dragged her from the altar, beat her, and pushed her out of the temple. The priests demanded that Tarasios kill Paraskevi. She was convicted and condemned to death by beheading.

It was customary to give the condemned their last wish. She asked to be left alone for a few moments so that she might pray for the last time. Afterwards, the roman soldiers returned and executed the Saint.

Many healing miracles occurred as a result of St Paraskevi’s divine intervention. It is said that that merely coming in contact with he dirt of her grave faithful, crippled could walk, demonized would return to health and that the infertile would bear children. Most importantly St Paraskevi healed the blindness of the roman emperor Antoninus Pius while she was in a heated cauldron. Her merciful disposition to her tormentor has made her an intercessor Saint for the healing of eye ailments.

Her remains were eventually taken to Constantinople, where they are venerated by the faithful to this very day.

Appropriate to your calling, O Champion Paraskevi, you worshipped with the readiness your name bears. For an abode you obtained faith, which is your namesake. Wherefore, you pour forth healing and intercede for our souls.

O most majestic One, we have discovered your temple to be a spiritual clinic wherein all the faithful resoundingly honor you, O famed and venerable martyr Paraskevi.

Tomb in Pounta, Greece

According to the tradition of the people of Epirus, Paraskevi was not martyred in Rome as mentioned in her traditional hagiography, but in Thesprotia where the Monastery of Saint Paraskevi of Pounta stands today. According to this tradition, strongly held by the locals, the headless body of the saint was entombed here and her tomb is still venerated today.

It is said that the persecutors of St. Paraskevi dragged her to the edge of the river Acheron to behead her. As the sword was raised over her head, she grabbed a stone pillar that she held so tightly that the print of her hands melted into it leaving an indelible mark. A church was eventually erected here by the faithful in her honor and housed her holy relics. Her skull was eventually placed in the walls of the church, though today it is kept in Moni Petraki in Athens.

According to the author and novelist Spyros Mouselimis, in his article “The Monastery of Pountas and the Feast of Saint Paraskevi” (Ηπειρωτική Εστία, 10, pp. 638-641, 1961), Pountas Monastery was known for its healing waters and numerous miracles. The pilgrims would cut off portions of the stone pillar of St. Paraskevi as a talisman, to the point that in 1960 the size of the stone was half its original size.

The property of the Monastery at one time was very great. According to Lambridis, at the end of the 19th century the annual revenue of the Monastery was 20,000 piastres, from which a boarding school was supported on its premises until 1913. After the population exchange of 1923 the Monastery was abandoned and did not operate again until 1975. Only the eastern side of the original Holy Altar area of the Katholikon survives today, while the rest of the church was restored in 1989 together with the inscription for the tomb of St. Paraskevi.

Today the Monastery operates as a female convent.

Source: Orthodox Wiki

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Η Προσευχή – Κομποσχοίνι: Πομπός Ασυρμάτου ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Αρχιμ. Ιωάννου Κωστώφ

http://orthodoksa-istologia.blogspot.com

ΟΡΘΟΔΟΞΑ ΙΣΤΟΛΟΓΙΑ

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Ἀρχιμ. Ἰωάννου Κωστώφ

Η ΠΡΟΣΕΥΧΗ

Κομποσχοίνι: Πομπός Ἀσυρμάτου

ἐκδ. Ἅγ. Ἰωάννης ὁ Δαμασκηνός

Σταμάτα  2012

http://www.truthtarget.gr – Ὧρες Ἐξομολόγησης

(2108220542 – 6978461846)

TRUTH TARGET

Πηγή:

http://www.truthtarget.gr

http://www.truthtarget.gr/books/29-pray.html

TRUTH TARGET – ΟΡΘΟΔΟΞΗ ΑΠΟΛΟΓΗΤΙΚΗ

Ὁ Arthur Koestler, γνωστός συγγραφέας, ἔγραψε, τήν πιό ἐπιτυχημένη, νομίζω, σκέψι γιά τήν προσευχή: Ὁ Θεός «ξέχασε» νά βάλη τό ἀκουστικό στή θέσι του. Ἡ τηλεφωνική ἐγκατάστασι τοῦ οὐρανοῦ δέν καταρρέει ποτέ. Ὅποτε θέλει ὁ πιστός, ἀνοίγει τήν καρδιά καί τό στόμα του καί ὁ Θεός εἶναι στό ἄλλο ἄκρο τῆς γραμμῆς.

Γράφει ὁ Ἅγ. Ἰωάννης τῆς Κλίμακος: «Πάλευε συνεχῶς νά συγκεντρώνης τό νοῦ σου πού σκορπίζεται σέ ρεμβασμούς. Ὁ Θεός δέν ζητᾶ ἀπό τούς ὑποτακτικούς τοῦ Κοινοβίου (ὅπως ἀπό τούς ἡσυχαστές) προσευχή ἀρρέμβαστη. Γι᾽ αὐτό νά μήν ἀθυμῆς, ἐπειδή κλέπτεται ὁ νοῦς σου. Ἀντίθετα νά εὐθυμῆς πού πάντοτε τόν ἐπαναφέρεις. Ἄλλωστε, μόνο στούς ἀγγέλους παρατηρεῖται τό… νά μήν κλέπτεται ὁ νοῦς τους».

• Ἀκόμα: «Πολλές φορές ἐνῶ προσευχόμασθε μᾶς ἦλθαν ἀδελφοί. Καί ἀναγκαστικά θά κάνουμε ἕνα ἀπό τά δύο, ἤ θά σταματήσουμε τήν προσευχή ἤ θά λυπήσουμε τόν ἀδελφό μας ἀφήνοντάς τον νά φύγη ἄπρακτος. (Σ᾽ αὐτή τήν περίπτωσι πρέπει νά σκεφθοῦμε, ὅτι) ἡ ἀγάπη εἶναι ἀνώτερη ἀπό τήν προσευχή, διότι κατά κοινή ὁμολογία ἡ προσευχή εἶναι μία ἐπί μέρους ἀρετή, ἐνῶ ἡ ἀγάπη τίς περικλείει ὅλες».

• Τέλος: «Νά μή λές, ὅτι ἄν καί προσευχήθηκες πολύ καιρό, δέν κατόρθωσες τίποτε, διότι ἤδη κάτι σπουδαῖο κατόρθωσες. Τί, ἀλήθεια, ὑπάρχει ἀνώτερο ἀπό τήν προσκόλλησι στόν Κύριο καί ἀπό τή συνεχῆ παραμονή σ᾽ αὐτή τήν ἕνωσι;».

• Ἐπίσης: «Ἡ καμήλα γονατίζει τό βράδυ γιά νά τήν ξεφορτώσουν. Καί ξαναγονατίζει τό πρωΐ γιά νά δεχθῆ πάλι τό φορτίο στούς ὤμους της.

Ἔτσι κι ἐμεῖς πρέπει νά γονατίζουμε πρωΐ καί βράδυ ἐνώπιον τοῦ Θεοῦ, μέ προσευχή. Πότε γιά νά ξαλαφρώσουμε ἀπ᾽ τό φορτίο μας τῶν ἀναγκῶν, τῶν πόνων καί τῶν θλίψεων καί πότε, γιά νά πάρουμε δυνάμεις γιά τό νέο φορτίο τῆς ἡμέρας».

Χρησιμοποιώντας τήν εἰκόνα τῆς καμήλας κι ἕνας σύγχρονος θεολόγος γράφει: «Ἀλλά καί ἡ ζωή τοῦ χριστιανοῦ, τί ἄλλο εἶναι παρά μιά πορεία μέσα στήν ἔρημο τοῦ κόσμου! Ὁ καυστικός ἥλιος, οἱ ἀμμοθύελλες μαζύ μέ τήν ἔλλειψι τοῦ νεροῦ, κάνουν τήν πορεία κουραστική. Κι ὁ χριστιανός, ὁ ἀποδημητής τούτης τῆς ζωῆς, προχωρεῖ μέ σκοπό νά Continue reading “Η Προσευχή – Κομποσχοίνι: Πομπός Ασυρμάτου ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Αρχιμ. Ιωάννου Κωστώφ”

Ορθόδοξο Αγγλοσαξονικό Πατερικό: Η Τιμία Κεφαλή του Αγίου Μάρτυρα Βασιλιά Έντμουντ (St Edmund) της Ανατολικής Αγγλίας (+869) – 30 Νοεμβρίου

http://greatbritainofmyheart.wordpress.com

GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

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Αγγλία

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Ἅγιος Βασιλιάς-Μάρτυρας

Ἔντμουντ (St Edmund) τῆς Ἀνατολικῆς Αγγλίας (+869)

30 Νοεμβρίου

Οἱ εἰδωλολάτρες ἐπέστρεψαν στά πλοῖα τους, ἀφοῦ πέταξαν τήν κεφαλή τοῦ Ἁγίου Μάρτυρα Βασιλιά Ἔντμουντ (St Edmund) τῆς Ἀνατολικής Ἀγγλίας, μέσα σέ πυκνές βατομουριές γιά νά μείνη ἄταφη. Τότε ἦρθαν οἱ κάτοικοι τῆς περιοχῆς καί βρῆκαν τό ἀκέφαλο σῶμα, ἀλλά δέν μποροῦσαν νά βροῦν τήν κεφαλή. Κάποιος ἄνδρας, ὁ ὁποῖος ἦταν παρών στό μαρτύριο τοῦ Ἀγίου, εἶπε ὅτι νόμιζε πώς εἶχαν κρύψει τό κεφάλι κάπου στό δάσος.

Ἔτσι ὀργανώθηκε μιά ὁμάδα ἀναζητήσεως, ἡ ὁποία ἐρεύνησε ἐξονυχιστικά τούς θάμνους καί τίς βατομουριές. Καί καθώς φώναζαν ὁ ἕνας στόν ἄλλο, ἡ κεφαλή ἀπάντησε: “Ἐδῶ! Ἐδῶ! Ἐδῶ!”, μέχρι πού ἦρθαν ὅλοι στόν τόπο ὅπου αὐτή βρισκόταν. Καί ἐκεῖ τήν εἶδαν νά βρίσκεται ἀνάμεσα στά δύο πόδια ἑνός γκρίζου λύκου, ὁ ὁποῖος ὄχι μόνο δέν τολμοῦσε νά τήν βλάψη ὁ ἴδιος, ἀλλά καί τήν προστάτευε ἀπ᾽ τά ὑπόλοιπα θηρία.

Εὐχαριστώντας τόν Παντοδύναμο Θεό γιά τά θαύματά του, ὁ λαός πῆρε τήν κεφαλή καί τήν μετέφερε πίσω στήν πόλι. Ὁ λύκος τούς ἀκολουθοῦσε σάν νά ἦταν ἐξημερωμένος, καί κατόπιν, ἀφοῦ τόν συνόδευσε μέχρι τήν πόλι, ἐπέστρεψε στό δάσος. Τά πλήθη τοῦ λαοῦ ἔνωσαν τήν κεφαλή μέ τό σῶμα, καί κατόπιν τό ἔθαψαν ὅσο καλύτερα μποροῦσαν, ἀνεγείροντας βιαστικά ἕνα ξύλινο παρεκκλήσιο ἐπάνω ἀπό αὐτό.

Ἀπό το βιβλίο:

Ἀγγλοσαξονικό Πατερικό,

ἐκδ. Ἅγ. Σεραφείμ τοῦ Σαρώφ, 2015

 

Video: Heilige Ia von Irland und Cornwall (+450) ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* German

http://greatbritainofmyheart.wordpress.com

GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

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Heilige Ia von Irland und Cornwall (+450)

San Basilio el Grande, Arzobispo de Cesarea en Capadocia, Asia Menor – Anatolia (+379) – 1 de Enero ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Spanish

http://argentinaofmyheart.wordpress.com

ARGENTINA OF MY HEART

San Basilio el Grande,

Arzobispo de Cesarea en Capadocia,

Asia Menor – Anatolia (+379)

1 de Enero

Fuente:

http://iglesiaortodoxa.org.mx

http://iglesiaortodoxa.org.mx/informacion/2000/01/san-basilio-el-grande/

IGLESIA ORTODOXA

San Basilio el Grande, arzobispo de Cesarea de Capadocia, recibió su educación primaria en una familia muy piadosa. Su abuela, su hermana, su madre y su hermano fueron canonizados. Su padre era profesor de oratoria y abogado. Al terminar sus estudios en Cesarea, Basilio estudió en famosas escuelas de Atenas. Al regresar a su patria fue bautizado y asignado al clero como lector. Después, durante mucho tiempo vive con los ermitaños en Siria, Mesopotamia, Palestina y Egipto. La vida en el desierto le agradaba a Basilio. Él encontró un lugar donde instaló su refugio. Con él estaba su amigo de la infancia San Gregorio (El Teólogo). El arzobispo de Cesarea, Eusebio, hizo regresar a San Basilio del desierto y lo ordenó presbítero. En el puesto del presbiterado, siendo el ayudante más cercano al arzobispo en los asuntos de la dirección de la Iglesia, San Basilio trabajaba mucho hasta el agotamiento. Él predicaba todos los días, a veces dos veces por día. En Cesarea y sus alrededores organizó hospitales, asilos y casas para los peregrinos

Tras la muerte de Eusebio (año 370), San Basilio fue ascendido a la cátedra de Cesarea. Casi todo el tiempo durante su servicio como arzobispo tuvo una tensa y dura lucha con los arrianos, los cuales tenían gran fuerza en los tiempos del emperador Constancio y más todavía en los tiempos del emperador Valente (los arrianos negaban la Divina naturaleza del Señor Jesús Cristo). En su lucha contra los arrianos San Basilio continuaba la labor de San Atanasio, e igual que él, era el irrompible pilar de la Ortodoxia. Le decían al emperador Valente que si Basilio se rendía al arrianismo triunfaría definitivamente. Entonces Valente envió a Cesarea al prefecto llamado Modesto, famoso por su crueldad en la persecución de los ortodoxos. Muy arrogante, Modesto llegó a Cesarea e hizo llamar a San Basilio. Al principio trataba de convencerlo, tentándolo con las promesas de diferentes favores del emperador si San Basilio se relaciona con los obispos inclinados al arrianismo. Luego, viendo su firmeza comenzó a amenazarlo con el secuestro de bienes, con destierro perpetuo y con la muerte. Con coraje, San Basilio le contestaba: “No tengo miedo al destierro porque toda la tierra es del Señor, es Continue reading “San Basilio el Grande, Arzobispo de Cesarea en Capadocia, Asia Menor – Anatolia (+379) – 1 de Enero ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Spanish”

Saint Vitalios of Gaza (+621) saved many Prostitutes of Alexandria, Egypt

http://conversionstoorthodoxy.wordpress.com

CONVERSIONS TO ORTHODOXY

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Saint Vitalios of Gaza (+621) saved

many Prostitutes of Alexandria, Egypt

Saint Vitalios, a monk of the monastery of St Seridus, arrived in Alexandria when St John the Merciful (November 12) was Patriarch of Alexandria.

When he was sixty years old, he undertook an extraordinary task: he wrote down from memory the names of all the prostitutes of Alexandria and he began to pray for them.

He worked from morning to evening, earning twelve copper coins each day. In the evening the Saint bought a single bean, which he ate after sunset. Then he would give the rest of the money to one of the harlots, whom he visited at night and said, “I beg you, take this money and do not sin with anyone tonight.” Then he stayed with the harlot in her room. While she slept, the Elder spent the whole night at prayer, reading the Psalms, and quietly left in the morning.

He did this each day, visiting all the harlots in turn, and he made them promise to keep the purpose of his visit secret. The people of Alexandria, not knowing the truth, became indignant over the monk’s behavior, and they reviled him. However, he meekly endured their scorn, and he only asked that they not judge others.

The holy prayers of St Vitalios saved many fallen women. Some of them went to a monastery, others got married, and others found respectable work. But they were forbidden to tell anyone the reason why they had changed their life, and thereby stop the abuse heaped upon St Vitalios. They were bound by an oath they had made to the Saint. When one of the women began to break her oath and stood up to defend the Saint, she fell into a demonic frenzy. After this, the people of Alexandria had no doubt concerning the sinfulness of the monk.

Certain of the clergy, scandalized by the behavior of St Vitalios, reported him to the holy Patriarch John the Merciful. But the Patriarch did not believe the informers and he said, “Cease to judge, especially monks. Don’t you know what happened at the First Council of Nicea? Some of the bishops and the clergy brought letters of denunciation against each other to the emperor St Constantine the Great (May 21). He commanded that a burning candle be brought, and not even reading the letters, he burned them and said, ‘If I had seen with my own eyes a bishop sinning, or a priest, or a monk, then I would have veiled such with his garb, so that no one might see his sin.’” Thus the wise hierarch shamed the calumniators.

St Vitalios continued on with his difficult exploit: appearing himself before people under the guise of a sinner and a prodigal, he led the prodigal to repentance.

One time, emerging from a house of ill repute, the monk encountered a young man going there — a prodigal fellow, who with an insult struck him on the cheek and cried out that the monk was a disgrace to the Name of Christ. The monk answered him: “Believe me, that after me, humble man that I be, thou also shalt receive such a blow on the cheek, that will have all Alexandria thronging to thine cry.”

A certain while afterwards St Vitalios settled into a small cell and in it at night he died. At that very hour a terrifying demon appeared before the youth who had struck the Saint, and the demon struck the youth on the cheek and cried out: “Here is a knock from St Vitalios.” The youth went into a demonic madness. In a frenzy he thrashed about on the ground, tore the clothing from himself and howled so loudly, that a multitude of people gathered.

When the youth finally came to his senses after several hours, he then rushed off to the cell of the monk, calling out: “Have mercy on me, O servant of God, for I have sinned against thee.” At the door of the cell he came fully to his senses and he told those gathered there about his former encounter with St Vitalios. Then the youth knocked on the door of the cell, but he received no answer. When they broke in the door, they then saw that the monk was dead, on his knees before an icon. In his hand was a scroll with the words: “Men of Alexandria, judge not beforehand, til the Lord cometh, the Righteous Judge”.

At this moment there came up the demon-possessed woman, punished by the monk for wanting to violate the secret of his exploit. Having touched the body of the Saint, she was healed and told the people about everything that had happened with her.

When the women who had been saved by St Vitalios learned about his death, they gathered together and told everyone about the virtues and mercy of the Saint.

St John the Merciful also rejoiced, in that he had not believed the calumniators, and that a righteous man had not been condemned. And then together with the throng of repentant women, converted by St Vitalios, the holy Patriarch solemnly conveyed his remains throughout all the city and gave them reverent burial. And from that time many of the Alexandria people made themselves a promise to judge no one.

Feast Day of Saint Vitalios of Alexandria: January 11

Source:

Saint Vitalios and the Prostitutes of Alexandria

Orthodox Metropolitanate of Singapore and South Asia

 

Άγιος Μόναν (St Monan) Μοναχός της Μονής της Νήσου May Σκωτίας & ιδρυτής μικρού Ναού στο Five της Σκωτίας (+9ος αιώνας) – 1 Μαρτίου

http://greatbritainofmyheart.wordpress.com

GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

isleofmay-0128_94398653

Isle-of-May-3416

Ερείπια από το Μοναστήρι του Αγίου Αδριανού στη Νήσο May της Σκωτίας

Isle-of-May-3413

Isle_of_May_Priory_097594_by-James-Allan

Άγιος Ιερομάρτυς Μόναν (St Monan) της Μονής της Νήσου May Σκωτίας

& 6.600 Μάρτυρες στο Fife της Σκωτίας (+874)

1 Μαρτίου

Ο Άγιος Μόναν (St Monan) είναι ένας Ορθόδοξος Άγιος της Σκωτίας ο οποίος έζησε τον 9ο αιώνα και η εορτή του είναι την 1η Μαρτίου.

Ανατράφηκε από τον Άγιο Αδριανό (St Adrian/Ethernan), τον ηγούμενο της Μονής της Νήσου May της Σκωτίας και στη συνέχεια χειροτονήθηκε Ιερέας. Υπηρέτησε για πολύ καιρό στον Ναό του Αγίου Ανδρέα της Σκωτίας και ύστερα στάλθηκε για να κηρύξει στη Νήσο May μένοντας στο Μοναστήρι του Αγίου Αδριανού.

Το 874 παρεβρέθηκε στο Μαρτύριο του Αγίου Αδριανού και των υπόλοιπων μοναχών από τους Vikings στη Νήσο May και ύστερα πήγε στο Fife της Σκωτίας για ιεραποστολή όπου ίδρυσε ένα παρεκκλήσι το οποίο βρίσκεται στο σημερινό χωριό St Monans.

Την ίδια χρονιά οι Viginks έκαναν επιδρομή στην περιοχή του Fife όπου Μαρτύρησαν 6.600 Χριστιανοί.

Συνέλαβαν και τον Άγιο Μόναν (St Monan) ο οποίος παρέδωσε την ψυχή του στον Κύριο μετά από Μαρτυρικό θάνατο και τα Ι. Λείψανά του είναι θαυματουργικά μέχρι και σήμερα προς όλους.

Τον 14ο αιώνα ο Δαβίδ Β´ Βασιλιάς της Σκωτίας ξαναέκτισε το εκκλησάκι του Αγίου Μόναν στο St Monans του Fife αφού γιατρεύθηκε θαυματουργικά από τις πληγές μίας μάχης χάρη στη μεσολάβηση του Αγίου Μόναν (St Monan).

Πηγή:

Wikipedia