Holy Icon of All Saints of Ireland & British Isles

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IRELAND & BRITISH ISLES

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Holy Icon of All Saints of Ireland & British Isles

Video: #1 – Кад је Енглеска била Православна ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* ORTHODOX ENGLAND – Serbian

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

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#1 – Кад је Енглеска била Православна

Saint Gildas the Wise of Wales & France (+570) – January 29

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

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St Gildas

 

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Holy Wells of St Gildas, France

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Saint Gildas the Wise of Wales & France (+570)

Feast day: January 29

& Holy Relics, June 29

Saint Gildas (c. 500–570) — also known as Gildas the Wise or Gildas Sapiens — was a 6th-century British monk best known for his scathing religious polemic De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae, which recounts the history of the Britons before and during the coming of the Saxons. He is one of the best-documented figures of the Christian church in the British Isles during the sub-Roman period, and was renowned for his Biblical knowledge and literary style. In his later life, he emigrated to Brittany where he founded a monastery known as St. Gildas de Rhuys.

Differing versions of the Life of Saint Gildas exist, but both agree that he was born in what is now Scotland on the banks of the River Clyde, and that he was the son of a royal family. These works were written in the eleventh and twelfth centuries and are regarded by scholars as unhistorical. He is now thought to have his origins further south. In his own work, he claims to have been born the same year as the Battle of Mount Badon. He was educated at a monastic center, possibly Cor Tewdws under St. Illtud, where he chose to forsake his royal heritage and embrace monasticism. He became a renowned teacher, converting many to Christianity and founding numerous churches and monasteries throughout Britain and Ireland. He is thought to have made a pilgrimage to Rome before emigrating to Brittany, where he took on the life of a hermit. However, his life of solitude was short-lived, and pupils soon sought him out and begged him to teach them. He eventually founded a monastery for these students at Rhuys, where he wrote De Excidio Britanniae, criticising British rulers and exhorting them to put off their sins and embrace true Christian faith. He is thought to have died at Rhuys, and was buried there.

There are two different historical versions of the life of Gildas, the first written by an anonymous monk in the 9th century, and the other written by Caradoc of Llancarfan in the middle of the 12th century. Some historians have attempted to explain the differences in the versions by saying that there were two saints named Gildas, but the more general opinion is that there was only one St. Gildas and that the discrepancies between the two versions can be accounted for by the fact that they were written several centuries apart.[6] The 9th century Rhuys Life is generally accepted as being more accurate.

Rhuys Life

The First Life of St. Gildas was written by an unnamed monk at the monastery which Gildas founded in Rhuys, Brittany in the 9th century. According to this tradition, Gildas is the son of Caunus, king of Alt Clut in the Hen Ogledd, the Brythonic-speaking region of northern Britain. He had four brothers; his brother Cuillum ascended to the throne on the death of his father, but the rest became monks in their own right. Gildas was sent as a child to the College of Theodosius (Cor Tewdws) in Glamorgan, under the care of St. Illtud, and was a companion of St. Sampson and St. Paul of Léon. His master St. Illtud loved him tenderly and taught him with special zeal. He was supposed to be educated in liberal arts and divine scripture, but elected to study only holy doctrine, and to forsake his noble birth in favour of a religious life.

After completing his studies under St. Illtud, Gildas went to Ireland where he was ordained as a priest. He returned to his native lands in northern Britain where he acted as a missionary, preaching to the pagan people and converting many of them to Christianity. He was then asked by Ainmericus, high king of Ireland (Ainmuire mac Sétnai, 566–569), to restore order to the church in Ireland, which had altogether lost the Christian faith. Gildas obeyed the king’s summons and travelled all over the island, converting the inhabitants, building churches, and establishing monasteries. He then travelled to Rome and Ravenna where he performed many miracles, including slaying a dragon while in Rome. Intending to return to Britain, he instead settled on the Isle of Houat off Brittany where he led a solitary, austere life. At around this time, he also preached to Nonnita, the mother of Saint David, while she was pregnant with the saint.

He was eventually sought out by those who wished to study under him, and was entreated to establish a monastery in Brittany. He built an oratory on the bank of the River Blavetum (River Blavet), today known as St. Gildas de Rhuys. Fragments of letters that he wrote reveal that he composed a Rule for monastic life that was somewhat less austere than the Rule written by Saint David. Ten years after leaving Britain, he wrote an epistolary book in which he reproved five of the British kings. He died at Rhuys on 29 January 570, and his body was placed on a boat and allowed to drift, according to his wishes. Three months later, on 11 May, men from Rhuys found the ship in a creek with the body of Gildas still intact. They took the body back to Rhuys and buried it there.

Llancarfan Life: Gildas and King Arthur

The second “Life” of St. Gildas was written by Caradoc of Llancarfan, a friend of Geoffrey of Monmouth and his Norman patrons. However, Llancarfan’s work is most probably historically inaccurate, as his hagiographies tend towards the fictitious, rather than the strictly historical. Llancarfan’s “Life” was written in the 12th century, and includes many elements of what have come to be known as mythical pseudo-histories, involving King Arthur, Guinevere, and Glastonbury Abbey, leading to the general opinion that this “life” is less historically accurate than the earlier version. For example, according to the dates in the Annales Cambriae, Gildas would have been a contemporary of King Arthur: however, Gildas’ work never mentions Arthur by name, even though he gives a history of the Britons, and states that he was born in the same year as the Battle of Badon Hill, in which Arthur is supposed to have vanquished the Saxons.

In the Llancarfan Life, St. Gildas was the son of Nau, king of Scotia. Nau had 24 sons, all victorious warriors. Gildas studied literature as a youth, before leaving his homeland for Gaul, where he studied for seven years. When he returned, he brought back an extensive library with him, and was sought after as a master teacher. He became the most renowned teacher in all of the three kingdoms of Britain. Gildas was a subject of the mythical King Arthur, whom he loved and desired to obey. However, his 23 brothers were always rising up against their rightful king, and his eldest brother, Hueil, would submit to no rightful high king, not even Arthur. Hueil would often swoop down from Scotland to fight battles and carry off spoils, and during one of these raids, Hueil was pursued and killed by King Arthur. When news of his brother’s murder reached Gildas in Ireland, he was greatly grieved, but was able to forgive Arthur, and pray for the salvation of his soul. Gildas then travelled to Britain, where he met Arthur face to face, and kissed him as he prayed for forgiveness, and Arthur accepted penance for murdering Gildas’ brother.

After this, Gildas taught at the school of St. Cadoc, before retiring to a secret island for seven years. Pirates from the Orkney Islands came and sacked his island, carrying off goods and his friends as slaves. In distress, he left the island, and came to Glastonbury, then ruled by Melvas, King of the ‘Summer Country’ (Gwlad yr Haf, Somerset). Gildas intervened between King Arthur and Melvas, who had abducted and raped Arthur’s wife Guinevere and brought her to his stronghold at Glastonbury. Arthur soon arrived to besiege him, but, the peacemaking saint persuaded Melvas to release Guinevere and the two kings made peace. Then desiring to live a hermit’s life, Gildas built a hermitage devoted to the Trinity on the banks of the river at Glastonbury. He died, and was buried at Glastonbury Abbey, in the floor of St. Mary’s Church.

The Llancarfan Life contains the earliest surviving appearance of the abduction of Guinevere episode, common in later Arthurian literature. Huail’s enmity with Arthur was also apparently a popular subject in medieval Britain: he is mentioned as an enemy of Arthur’s in the Welsh prose tale Culhwch and Olwen, written around 1100. A strongly held tradition in North Wales places the beheading of Gildas’ brother Huail at Ruthin, where what is believed to be the execution stone has been preserved in the town square. Another brother of Gildas, Celyn ap Caw, was based in the north-east corner of Anglesey.

De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae

Gildas is best known for his polemic De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae, which recounts the sub-Roman history of Britain, and which is the only substantial source for history of this period written by a near-contemporary.

The work is a sermon in three parts condemning the acts of his contemporaries, both secular and religious. The first part consists of Gildas’ explanation for his work and a brief narrative of Roman Britain from its conquest under the Principate to Gildas’ time. He describes the doings of the Romans and the Groans of the Britons, in which the Britons make one last request for military aid from the departed Roman military. He excoriates his fellow Britons for their sins, while at the same time lauding heroes such as Ambrosius Aurelianus, whom he is the first to describe as a leader of the resistance to the Saxons. He mentions the victory at the Battle of Mons Badonicus, a feat attributed to King Arthur in later texts, though Gildas is unclear as to who led the battle.

Part two consists of a condemnation of five British kings, Constantine, Aurelius Conanus, Vortiporius, Cuneglas, and Maelgwn. As it is the only contemporary information about them, it is of particular interest to scholars of British history. Part three is a similar attack on the clergy of the time.

The works of Gildas, including the Excidio, can be found in volume 69 of the Patrologia Latina.

De Excidio is usually dated to the 540s, but the historian Guy Halsall inclines to an “early Gildas” c. 490. Cambridge historian Karen George offers a date range of c. 510–530 AD.

Veneration

Gildas’ relics were venerated in the abbey which he founded in Rhuys, until the 10th century, when they were removed to Berry. In the 18th century, they were said to be moved to the cathedral at Vannes and then hidden during the French Revolution. The various relics survived the revolution and have all since been returned to Saint-Gildas-de-Rhuys where they are visible at various times of the year at a dedicated “treasury” in the village. The body of Saint Gildas (minus the pieces incorporated into various reliquaries) is buried behind the altar in the church of Saint Gildas de Rhuys.[15]

The gold and silver covered relics of Saint Gildas include:

A reliquary head containing parts of the saints skull
An arm reliquary containing bone pieces, topped with a blessing hand
A reliquary femur and knee
The embroidered mitre supposedly worn by Gildas is also kept with these relics. Gildas is the patron saint of several churches and monasteries in Brittany, and his feast day is celebrated on 29 January.

Further traditions

Gildas is credited with a hymn called the Lorica, or Breastplate, a prayer for deliverance from evil, which contains specimens of Hiberno-Latin. A proverb is also attributed to Gildas mab y Gaw in the Englynion y Clyweid in Llanstephan MS. 27.

In Bonedd y Saint, Gildas is recorded as having three sons and a daughter. Gwynnog ap Gildas and Noethon ap Gildas are named in the earliest tracts, together with their sister Dolgar. Another son, Tydech, is named in a later document. Iolo Morganwg adds Saint Cenydd to the list.

The scholar David Dumville suggests that Gildas was the teacher of Finnian of Moville, who in turn was the teacher of St. Columba of Iona.

Source: Wikipedia

Santes Dilig (St Cenheidlo / St Endelienta) Cymru a Chernyw (+6ed ganrif) – 29 Ebrill ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Welsh

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

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Santes Dilig (St Cenheidlo / St Endelienta)

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Santes Dilig (St Cenheidlo / St Endelienta)

Cymru a Chernyw  (+6ed ganrif)

29 Ebrill

Roedd Santes Dilig (hefyd Cenheidlo; ganwyd 470 AD) yn ferch i’r Brenin Brychan sefydlydd teyrnas Brycheiniog (yn ne-ddwyrain canolbarth Cymru) yn ôl traddodiad. Fel sant, dethlir dydd ei gŵyl ar 29 Ebrill. Dywedir iddi deithio gyda rhai o’i brodyr a’i chwiorydd i Gernyw lle truliodd y rhan fwyaf o’i hoes. Yr enw Lladin arni yw Endelienta. Dywed traddodiad ei bod yn perthyn i’r Brenin Arthur.

Roedd Brychan yn dad i bedwar ar hugain o blant yn ôl traddodiad. Tyfai’r rhan fwyaf ohonyn nhw i fyny i fod yn seintiau gan sefydlu eglwysi ledled y wlad. Cyfeirir at deulu (“llwyth”) Brychan yn y Trioedd fel un o “dri llwyth seintiau Cymru” (ynghyd â theuluoedd Caw a Chunedda).

Ffynhonnell:

Wikipedia &

http://gkiouzelis.wordpress.com

Orthodox Heart Sites

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Santes Dilig (St Cenheidlo / St Endelienta)

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Pentref St Endellion

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Pentref St Edellion,Cernyw

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Ynys Lundy, Cernyw

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Ynys Lundy

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Святая Энделиент (St Endelienta) из Уэльс & Корнуолл, Англия (+6-го века) – 29 апреля ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Russian

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

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Св. Энделиент (St Endelienta)

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Святая Энделиент (St Endelienta)

из Уэльс & Корнуолл, Англия (+6-го века)

29 апреля

Святая Энделиента (Endelienta, Endelient, Edellienta) или Энделлион (Endellion) (VI) — дева, затворница, дочь святого Брихана из Брекнока, память 29 апреля.

Св. Энделиента принесла Христову веру в село Сент-Энделлион в Корнуолле, называемое ныне в её честь. Два старинных источника неподалёку от села носят её имя.

Иногда говорят, что в валлийских записях она именуется Кинхейдон (Cynheiddon), или Кенхейдлон (Cenheidlon), в то время как Энделиента — не что иное как латинизация этого имени.

Источник::

Wikipedia &

http://gkiouzelis.wordpress.com

Orthodox Heart Sites

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Святая Энделиент (St Endelienta)

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Церковь Святого Энделиент

в городке St Endellion, Корнуолл, Англия, сегодня

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Ланди (Lundy) острова, Корнуолл, Англия

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Церковь Святого Энделиент в острове Ланди, сегодня

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Saint Endelienta, Hermit-Martyr of Lundy Island & Cornwall, England (+6th ce.) – April 29

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Saint Endelienta

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Saint Endelienta,

Hermit-Martyr of Lundy Island & Cornwall, England

(+6th ce.) – April 29

Saint Endelienta (also Endelient, Edellienta or Endellion) was a Cornish saint of the 5th and 6th century. She is a daughter of the Welsh King Brychan, and a native of South Wales who travelled to North Cornwall to join her siblings in converting the locals to Christianity. She was a goddaughter of King Arthur, and that she lived as a hermit at Trentinney where she subsisted on the milk of a cow. The saint is commemorated in the church and village of St Endellion which bear her name; Endellion being an Anglicised version of her name. Her feast day is 29 April.

She a daughter of King Brychan, of Brycheiniog in South Wales. The village of Saint Endellion in Cornwall, named after her, is from where she is said to have evangelized the local population. Two former wells near the village were named after her.

She is called “Cenheidlon” in Welsh records, with Endelienta being a Latinised form of the name. Her feast day is 29 April. Saint Endelienta was a native of South Wales who crossed the Bristol Channel to join her siblings in converting the people of North Cornwall to Christianity. During her journey, she initially landed on the island of Lundy, where she is believed to have founded a small chapel. She subsequently moved on to the mainland where she stayed with her brother, Saint Nectan, at Hartland, before eventually choosing to settle at Trentinney, south-west of the present day village of St Endellion, although she would return to Lundy from time to time on retreat for prayer.

Saint Endelienta lived at Trentinney as a hermit. She subsisted solely on the milk of a cow, and the water from two nearby wells. Her sister, St Dilic (whose church is at Landulph), settled nearby and the two would often meet along a certain path whose grass would ever afterwards grow greener than elsewhere.

The cow was killed by the Lord of Trentinney after straying onto his land. He in turn is said to have been killed by Endelienta’s Godfather, reputed to be King Arthur, after Arthur was angered by the deed and sent his men to exact revenge. However, Endelienta was said to be unhappy that Trentinney had been killed in her name, and restored the nobleman back to life.

Following a vision of her death, the saint is said to have asked that upon her death, her body should be placed on a sledge or cart drawn by bullocks, and that she should be buried at the place where they stopped. She is thought to have died on 29 April some time in the 6th century, and possibly at the hands of Saxon pirates. She was buried at the top of a hill, and a church built over her grave. The present church at St Endellion stands on that site.

A chapel dedicated to Saint Endelienta survived on the site of her hermitage at Trenteney.

Saint Endelianta is a Patron Saint of animals.

Source:

Wikipedia &

http://gkiouzelis.wordpress.com

Orthodox Heart Sites

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St Endelienta

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The Church of Saint Endelienta

in the village St Endellion, Cornwall, England, today

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Village St Edellion, Cornwall, England

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Lundy Island, Cornwall, England

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St Endelienta’s Church in Lundy Island, today

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Lundy Island

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Saint Edern (St Edeyrn), founder & abbot of Llanedeyrn Abbey in Wales & hermit in Lannédern, Brittany, France, from Ireland (+6th ce.) – January 6

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IRELAND & BRITISH ISLES

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Wales

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Saint Edern / Edeyrn

founder & abbot of Llanedeyrn Abbey in Wales

& hermit in Lannédern, Brittany, France,

from Ireland (+6th ce.)

January 6

Saint Edern / Edeyrn (+6th century) was a saint of Wales, related to Vortigern and the royal house of Powys and the brother of Saint Aerdeyrn and Elldeyrn. Edeyrn is the patron saint of Lannédern in France and Llanedeyrn in Wales, where he founded a monastery of over 300 people.

Saint Edern was a companion of King Arthur, before moving to France where he became a Hermit.

He is remembered in churches across Wales and Brittany including Monmouth and Llanedeyrn near Cardiff in Wales and Lannédern in Brittany France. He is oft depicted riding a deer and his feast day is 6th January.

Source: Wikipedia

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St Edern’s Church

Here was St Edern’s Abbey

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The Holy Relics of St Edeyrn

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Saint Elian (Eilian / Llanelian), missionary in Cornwall, England & hermit in Llanelian, Wales, from Rome (+6th century) – January 12 & 13

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GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

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Anglesey, Wales

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Saint Elian (Eilian / Llanelian),

missionary in Cornwall, England & hermit in Llanelian, Wales,

from Rome (+6th century)

January 12 & 13

Saint Elian was founded a church in North Wales around the year 450. The Parish of Llanelian is named after him. The Legend of St. Elian says he was related to Saint Ismael Bishop of Rhos in Wales and labored in the missions of Cornwall, England. His feast day is 13 January.

Tradition holds that he came by sea from Rome and landed in Anglesey at Porth yr Yehen, where he built his church.

Saint Elian forbade the keeping of greyhounds after one killed or disturbed a doe in his care.

Source: Wikipedia

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Llaneilian, Wales

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St Elian’s Church in Llaneilian, Wales

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The Font and door to the 12th century tower

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St Elian’s Church, wooden portable Altar

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St Elian’s Cross

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St Elian’s Well

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Saint Carannog / Carantock, Irish Missionary of Wales & Cornwall, England and his tamed dragon (dinosaur), 6th century – May 16

http://irelandofmyheart.wordpress.com

http://greatbritainofmyheart.wordpress.com

http://irelandandbritishisles.wordpress.com

https://saintsofmyheart.wordpress.com

IRELAND OF MY HEART

GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

IRELAND AND BRITISH ISLES

SAINTS OF MY HEART

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Cornwall, England

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Wales

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Saits Carranog

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Saits Carranog & Curig

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Saint Carranog

and his tamed dragon (dinosaur)

6th century

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Saint Carannog / Carantock

Irish Missionary of Wales & Cornwall, England (+6th century

May 16

Saint Carantoc was the son of Ceredig, King of Cardigan, but he chose the life of a hermit and lived in a cave above the harbour of the place now called after him, Llangranog, where there is also a holy well, which he probably used. When the people tried to force him to succeed his father, he fled, and founded a religious settlement in Somerset at Carhampton. According to legend, his portable altar was lost as he crossed the Severn Sea and was washed up at the mouth of the little brook Willet near Carhampton. Carantoc went to King Arthur, the leader of the British resistance to the Saxon invaders, to ask his help to recover his altar, and the King asked him in return to tame a dragon that was troubling the neighbourhood.

After Carantoc had prayed to the Lord, the dragon came running to the man of God and humbly bent his head to allow him to put his stole around his neck and to lead him like a lamb, lifting neither wing nor claw against him. After a time the dragon was released and departed having been instructed not to molest the human inhabitants of the land again. This is said to have taken place at Dunster.

Besides Carhampton, Carantoc founded a religious settlement at Crantock across the river Gannel from Newquay, and then, according to Capgrave, was led by his guardian angel to journey to Ireland to assist St.Patrick in the conversion of that island. In Ireland he cured one of his disciples, Tenenan, of his leprosy by giving him a hot bath. His ministry did not end in Ireland for he is honoured in Brittany as the founder saint of Carantec and the neighbouring parish of Tegarantec, which was probably originally Tref Carantoc.

St.Carantoc died in the middle of the sixth century, and Bath Abbey, which held the living of Carhampton, kept his festival on May 16th. The Welsh, Cornish, Irish and Breton calendars commemorate him at this time.

Source:

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Orthodox Heart Sites

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Llangrannog, Wales

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Saint Cadoc, abbot of Llancarfan in Wales & priest-martyr in Weedon, England (+580)

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Lllancarfan, Wales

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Church of St. Cadoc in Llancarfan, Wales, the site of his monastery

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St. Cadoc’s Church, Llancarfan

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Saint Cadoc,

abbot of Llancarfan in Wales (+580)

╰⊰¸¸.•¨*

Feast days:

January 8, January 24, February 6,

September 25, October 8

http://www.pravoslavie.ru/english/

http://www.pravoslavie.ru/english/77094.htm

ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY

St. Cadoc (c. 497 – c. 580) was the founder of the famous monastery of Llancarfan (c. 518) in the present-day Vale of Glamorgan in Wales. This monastery was to become one of the best-known in Wales, as well as a great centre of learning.

Two of the most popular lives of St. Cadoc were written 500 years after his repose and contain both authentic and inauthentic information. St. Cadoc was the elder son of king Gundleus (or Woolos, “the warrior”) and Queen Gwladys (Gladys; both of them later became hermits and were venerated as saints after their repose) and he was born in Monmouthshire. St. Petroc of Cornwall was a relative, and the priest and hermit Tathyw (Tathan) baptized him and instructed him in the monastic life. It was said that Cadoc had worked miracles even before his death: heavenly light miraculously appeared in his parents’ home and even food was multiplied (hence he is a patron of those suffering from famine). The future saint refused to claim the throne and decided to serve God all his life. He preached very zealously in Wales and later founded Llancarfan monastery, becoming its first abbot. He is rightly considered to be one of the founding fathers of monasticism in south Wales. The name “Llancarfan” from Welsh means “a deer church.” Tradition tells us that two tame deer, harnessed to a carriage, helped St. Cadoc build the monastery.

Some early sources say that about 1,000 monks lived in the Llancarfan Monastery at the same time. Llancarfan also had several small daughter monasteries and cells (sketes). St. Cadoc also established a seminary in his monastery which was to produce many holy men. The soil of this part of south Wales, before the arrival of St. Cadoc, was very marshy and barren. The saint and his disciples drained the marshes and cultivated the land so energetically that it soon became fertile land. Thanks to the unbelievable labors of the ascetic Cadoc and his monks, which took many years, this formerly uninhabitable region turned into one of the most beautiful and prosperous corners of south Wales. Apart from the church, the monastic buildings and the seminary, the monastery also had its own hospital.

According to tradition, the future St. Iltut, who later was to found another great monastic centre at Llantwit-Major, began his monastic life at Llancarfan under St. Cadoc. At the invitation of St. Cadoc, Gildas the Wise once came to this monastery. St. Gildas remained there for a year, taught in the seminary and even compiled a copy of the Gospels, which was kept in the monastery church for a long time. The Welsh people loved this Gospel so much that they used to take oaths on it. Llancarfan Monastery was also noted for the tradition of serving the needy.
Once a band of robbers was approaching the community. St. Cadoc with his brother monks, relying on God, went out singing church hymns in very loud voices: the robbers were immediately ashamed and turned back.

It is also recorded that St. Cadoc lived as a hermit on the island of Flatholm in the Bristol Channel, while his friend, St. Gildas, lived as a hermit on another small island nearby, called Steepholm, which is now in Somerset. The friends and hermits met from time to time to pray together.

During his life St. Cadoc studied for some time in Ireland and visited many Irish monasteries, and in about the year 562 he probably made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land and Rome. From Jerusalem he brought back to his monastery several altar stones which had touched the Holy Sepulcher. Later St. Cadoc (perhaps together with St. Gildas) led a solitary life on an island off the coast of Brittany, not far from Vannes. It should be mentioned that a great many Welsh and Cornish saints moved to live in and evangelize Brittany while a considerable number of Bretons came to lead the ascetic life in Wales. These two lands were very closely linked spiritually. In Brittany St. Cadoc was a very active missionary, and there he may have founded a chapel and a monastery.

Some sources say that in his later years, Cadoc was too old to rule his Llancarfan Monastery and so he retired to a certain secluded place, probably near Abergavenny. According to tradition, St. Cadoc was slain by a pagan in the town of Weedon (originally Beneventum in Northamptonshire) in England while serving the Liturgy. (This tradition is supported by the fact that at that time pagan Saxons and Angles were actively invading parts of Britain and the saint went to England to support persecuted Christians). However, some historians believe that the saint was not martyred and died a natural death. Some researchers suppose that St. Cadoc was also a bishop, but there is no strong evidence to support this.

Among other monasteries possibly founded by St. Cadoc, we can mention the monastery of Brecknock, as well as numerous chapels, churches and monasteries in Dyfed (present-day Pembrokeshire, Carmarthenshire, and Ceredigion), Cornwall, Brittany and Scotland. It is said that the saint constructed a stone monastery in the Scottish region of Stirlingshire, in a place called Kilmadock. Cadoc allegedly lived here for seven years and seven churches in the area were dedicated to him. Opponents of this story state that the monastery of St. Cadoc was situated in another place—in the present-day St Ninians near Stirling.
The saint was a close friend of St. Gildas and probably communicated with St. David, the patron-saint of Wales. Among his disciples there were St. Barrog as well as St. Finnian of Clonard, one of the greatest Irish saints (owing to St. Finnian, St. Cadoc became well-known in Ireland). According to evidence from that time, St. Cadoc was famous for his outstanding intellect and so he was called “Cadoc the Wise” by his contemporaries. Later there even appeared collections of his sayings. St. Cadoc is usually depicted with a lance and with a crown near his feet, sometimes with a deer, mouse or pig. (All of these animals helped the saint in his life. A mouse during the famine showed the monastery’s brethren an abandoned and very rich granary, and a sow pointed out to the saint the spot where he was to build his monastery).

At least fifteen churches are dedicated to St. Cadoc in Wales, especially in the south of the country and also in Brittany. A chapel in Cornwall is dedicated to him as well. Disciples and spiritual children of Cadoc continued his labors in South Wales and built many churches and chapels in his memory, particularly in Glamorgan and Gwent. The monastery of Llancarfan, founded by the saint, existed till 1086 when it was dissolved after the Norman Conquest. In the present-day village of Llancarfan (situated 15 miles from Cardiff and just near the town of Cowbridge), where this monastery was located, there is still a large, beautiful and ancient church, dedicated to St. Cadoc. It is visited by pilgrims to this day. Several years ago during conservation work inside this church, fine and bright fifteenth century wall-paintings, depicting the life and miracles of St. George, the royal family members, the seven deadly sins, and so on were uncovered under a layer of limewash on one of its walls.[1]

A Norman church in the Welsh town of Caerleon is dedicated to him; apparently the saint visited this place or lived the ascetic life here for some while. A local hospital bears the saint’s name as well. The name of St. Cadoc is invoked against deafness, especially by the faithful in the department of Finisterre in Brittany. No less than thirty places in Brittany (including even an isle called L’Ile de St. Cado) are named after St. Cadoc. In ancient time his name was also evoked against scrofula and cramps.

And now let us say a few words about the parents of St. Cadoc—Gundleus and Gwladys (both reposed in the first half of the sixth century and are commemorated on March 29/April 11). St. Gwladys was one of numerous children of the famous saintly King Brychan of Brecknock, and in her youth was very beautiful. She married Gundleus, then a ferocious pagan, who was a minor king in south-east Wales. They had several sons, the greatest of whom was St. Cadoc. Under the influence of his pious Christian wife and his glorious son Cadoc the king subsequently repented of all his past sins and became a devout Christian. In a miraculous vision Gundleus was soon told to found a hermitage together with his spouse on Stow Hill near Newport in South Wales (now within the city of Newport).

Thus, this devout royal couple began to lead austere ascetic life. Already at an advanced age, they lived in such abstinence that they ate nothing but bread and herbs, drank nothing but water and prayed even on winter nights in the River Usk (which was a common practice among Celtic saints). They attended church every day, kneeling in prayer before the holy altar. But the holy couple did not stop at this. On St. Cadoc’s advice they abstained from marital relations and lived separately in solitude and unceasing prayer till the end of their lives. St. Gwladys then moved to the spot called pencanau in Bassaleg near Newport where she lived an extremely austere life in her cell, standing every day in the river Ebbw in prayer. Shortly before her death she moved to Gelligaer in Caerphilly where she probably reposed.
Many sites near Newport and Gelligaer were connected with her and a number of churches, chapels and holy wells were dedicated to this saint. Today Gwladys is the patroness of both Newport and Gelligaer, though she is especially venerated in the town of Bargoed in Caerphilly, where a church is dedicated to her and a school bears her name. Girls in Wales and throughout Britain used to be called “Gladys.” As for Gundleus, up to his death he wore rags, ate barley bread and drank a little water, and combined prayer with manual labor. On his deathbed he was visited by St. Cadoc who gave him communion. Today he is co-patron of Newport together with his wife Gwladys; the local Anglican cathedral in this city is dedicated to him and a street bears his name. This is a remarkable example of family holiness in ancient Britain.

Holy Father Cadoc and his Holy Parents Gundleus and Gwladys, pray to God for us!

Dmitry Lapa

07 / 02 / 2015

[1] This discovery is considered to be one of the best and rarest tableaux of the Great-Martyr George the Victory-Bearer, Patron-Saint of England, in Britain. Interestingly, similar cases of the discovery of medieval wall-paintings beneath whitewash occur regularly. The fact is that the medieval churches of Britain were very richly and beautifully decorated inside, but Protestants, especially the Puritans in the seventeenth century, deliberately whitewashed the walls of churches in order to hide the paintings, which were against their religion. However, this did not destroy the precious frescoes but, on the contrary, helped them survive.

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St Cadoc

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St Cadoc and his parents

St Gundleus (Gwynllyw) & St Gwladys

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St Gundleus (Gwynllyw), the father of St Cadog

Saint Schotin the Hermit of Kilkenny, Ireland (+6th century)

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IRELAND OF MY HEART

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Ireland

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Saint Schotin

the Hermit of Kilkenny, Ireland (+6th century)

January 6

Saint Schotin born on Ireland on 6th century. While still a youth, Saint Schotin left Ireland to become a disciple of Saint David in Wales. For many years after his return to Ireland he led the life of an anchorite at Mt. Mairge, Leix. He is said to have established a school for boys at Kilkenny (Benedictines).

Sanktulo Carranog de Irlando, Kimrio & Cornualles (+6-a jarcento) ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Esperanto

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IRELAND AND BRITISH ISLES

SAINTS OF MY HEART

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Llangrannog, Kimrio

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Sanktulo Carranog 

de Irlando, Kimrio & Cornualles

(+6-a jarcento)

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Sanktulo Carantoc estis kelta sanktulo de la frua 6-a jarcento.

Li naskiĝis en la antaŭ kimra regno Ceredigion, kaj estis filo de reĝo de tiu lando (aŭ Ceredig aŭ ties filo Corun). Tamen li mem ne deziris heredi la tronon, kaj fuĝis al la marborda vilaĝo Llangrannog. Kolombo forportis la rabotaĵojn produktatajn kiam li estigis fajron, kaj Carantoc fondis preĝejon en la loko kie la birdo formetis ilin. Li translokiĝis al Kornvalo antaŭ ol prediki en Irlando. Post kiam li revenis en Kimrion li migris al Somerset, kie, ĉe Dunster, li havis disputon kun Reĝo Arturo kaj Cador, Duko de Kornvalo. Poste, ĉe Carhampton (Somerset), li aŭ malsovaĝigis drakon aŭ mortigis serpenton kiu terurigis la loĝantaron de Carhampton. Pro tio Reĝo Arturo donis al Carantoc la rajton fondi monaĥejon tie.

Li mortis aŭ en Inis Baithen aŭ en Dulane. Lia fest-tago estas la 16-an de majo.

Fonto: Wikipedia

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Sanktulo Carranog & Sanktulo Curig

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Sanktulo Carranog kaj la drako

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Llangrannog, Kimrio

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Sanktulo Carranog

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Llangrannog, Kimrio

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Sant Carranog o Iwerddon, Cymru yn Chernyw (+6ed ganrif) ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Welsh

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IRELAND OF MY HEART

GREAT BRITAIN OF MY HEART

IRELAND AND BRITISH ISLES

SAINTS OF MY HEART

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Llangrannog, Cymru

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Sant Carranog

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St Carranog & St Curig

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Sant Carranog a’r ddraig yng Nghernyw

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Sant Carranog

o Iwerddon, Cymru yn Chernyw

(+6ed ganrif)

Fai 16

Sant o ddiwedd y 5ed i ddechrau’r 6ed ganrif oedd Carranog (ganwyd c. 470; Gwyddeleg: Cairnech; Llydaweg: Karanteg; Lladin: Carantocus; Saesneg: Carantoc; Cernyweg: Crantoc). Yn ôl y llawysgrif Progenies Keredic Regis de Keredigan, a sgwennwyd ar ddechrau’r 13eg ganrif, roedd yn fab i’r Brenin Ceredig, ond yn ôl Peniarth 12 ac 16 (a Iolo tud. 110 a 125) roedd yn fab i Corun ac felly’n ŵyr i Ceredig. Ceir felly peth dryswch yn ei gylch.

Dywed y Progenies i Garannod wrthod etifeddu gorsedd Deheubarth Cymjru ar ôl ei dad, gan fynd yn feudwy. Trigodd mewn ogof syml ychydig yn uwch na phentref Llangrannog heddiw. Ymwelid ag ef yn aml gan golomen, a chredodd Carranog mai negesydd Duw ydoedd. Un diwrnod, tra roedd Carranog yn naddu ffon gyda chyllell, ymwelodd y golomen gan ddwyn rhai o’r naddion pren yn ei big a hedfan i ffwrdd. Credodd Carranog mai Duw oedd yn anfon nesges iddo, ac felly dilynodd y golomen, ac islaw’r ogof, gollyngwyd y naddion. Denghonglwyd hyn gan Garannog fel neges gan Dduw, a oedd yn nodi’r fan lle y dylai godi eglwys, a dyna a wnaeth: codwyd eglwys yno o blethwaith a chlai yn y fan lle mae’r eglwys presennol.

Ychydig wedyn, aeth Carannog ar daith, gan ymweld â Llydaw, Gwlad yr Haf, Cernyw ac Iwerddon. Ceir pentref yn Carhampton, Gwlad yr Haf a Crantock yng Nghernyw, sy’n dwyn ei enw. Credir iddo farw yn Iwerddon ar yr 16eg o Fai.

ffynhonnell: Wikipedia

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Llangrannog, Cymru

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Sant Carranog

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Llangrannog, Cymru

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Saint Molagga (Molacus / Laicin) of Timolague, Co. Cork, Ireland, his Holy Well & his 3 ancient Monasteries in Ireland (+655) – Timolague Video

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IRELAND & BRITISH ISLES

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St Molagga’s Monastery in Timoleague, Ireland

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Saint Molagga (Molacus / Laicin) 

of Timolague, Co. Cork, Ireland (+655)

Feast day: January 20

St Molagga’s father was named Dubhligh(dh) and his mother Mioncolla, both of whom were of humble stock and they lived at (Cloch)-Liathmhuire, near Fermoy, Co Cork. The parents were quite old and without children when St Cu(o)imin Fada (12th November) with his brother St Comdhan and some companions passed the way and asked for assistance which was given. After being told of the circumstances of the couple, St Co(u)imin informed them that they would beget a son who would become famous in Ireland for his virtues, sanctity and learning. Also, that he would be a glorious light in his generation, the counsellor and director of the country people and their shield in adversity. Soon, Dubhligh and Mioncolla experienced a miraculous change in their persons; they lost all the signs of age and looked young again. Further, Mioncolla conceived and bore Molagga after 7 months. The people wondered at the changes and how they could have a child. The circumstances of his Baptism also had a miraculous character, which was performed by St Cuimin by happy chance, as the parents met him while intending to go elsewhere. Nearby, a new fountain and stream suddenly appeared to provide water for the Baptism and St Coimin saw angels present at the ceremony.
When growing up, St Molagga acquired many virtues and much knowledge from a number of holy masters and teachers. It is thought that he was trained for a time by St Coimin. When he became an adult a number of disciples attached themselves to him and he founded a monastery near Fermoy, possibly at Tullach-Mhin, Co Tipperary or at Teampall-Molagga, about one mile North-East of Kildorrery (Cill-dá-rí or Church-of-the-Two-Kings), in County Cork. Nearby are found a number of L(e)abba (=bed of)-Molagga which became scenes of miracles for pilgrims in later times.
Around 620, accompanied by other saints and companions, St Molagga visited the court of the local King Cuanna whose queen had just died in childbirth. He Baptised the boy-child as Cuíganmáthair (Caoi-gan-má÷air meaning, sorrow-without-mother) and expressed a wish that the child should not be without a mother, upon which the queen was restored to life. He also predicted an important future for the child.
Some time later, to show his disapproval of the actions of the King and nobles, St Molagga left the area and travelled to Conor (Co Antrim). On the journey he had to pass over water which was accomplished miraculously using merely a framework of twigs in place of a boat. In another place he left his bell behind him and it was miraculously restored to him and the place where this occurred was subsequently called Tearmonn-an-Chluig, or Sanctuary or Glebe or Place-of-the-Bell. Next, he crossed the sea to Scotland and cured a 17-year-old boy who had been dumb from birth. Afterwards he travelled to St David’s monastery in Wales and restored a dead monk to life. There, after some time, he had a vision from an angel who instructed him to return to Ireland. He landed near Dublin where he cured a chieftain of a wasting ulcer. The chieftain thereupon gave him a site for a Church and monastery in Fingall. There he brought bees from Wales and so the place was henceforth called Lann-Beachaire or the Church-of-the-Bees. He then proceeded to Clonmacnoise where he remained for a while before returning to his own territory in Co Cork where he was warmly welcomed back and he was given many gifts for his Church and monastery at Tegh (=House of)-Molagga.

While he was away, Cuíganmáthair had grown up and become King of Munster, but had been struck by a disease and feared for his life. Because of his crimes he resolved on a pilgrimage and thus wanted to abdicate. His nobles and subkings were concerned at this because it would de-stabilise the kingdom so they asked St Molagga for help and in return they conferred the privilege of refuge to his Church. A convention of nobles and clerics was called at Tegh-Molagga which included the Abbot of Emly, the Bishop of Cork, St Cuimin Fada and possibly even St Fursey (Abbot of Lagny). All the problems were resolved and the grants to St Molagga confirmed. One prince objected and was chastised by a miracle. However, he repented and St Molagga cured him. Later, he restored 7 others to life in order for them to make repentance. St Molagga is also said to have founded the Church at Timoleague, Co Cork but some scholars disagree.
In 664, Ireland was struck by a devastating plague, called the Buidhe-Chonaill or Yellow Fever. Corcabhaiscind in South-West Co Clare was particularly badly affected. St Molagga went there and found only 33 men and 28 women alive. He blessed them and there were no further deaths from the plague and later they increased and multiplied. Subsequently, St Molagga was held in the greatest of veneration there, even for a long time after his death, and he became Patron of the locality.
St Molagga is said to have survived the plague even though he was very old at the time. He was distinguished for many virtues and miracles and he was loved and admired by all. He died on the 20th of January but the year in uncertain. Tradition says he was buried at one of the Leaba-Molagga. He is listed in most of the Irish Calendars as well as the Kalendar of Drummond in Scotland. His feast was celebrated in early times, particularly in North-East Cork, Timoleague and in Dublin. The original Church at Timoleague was replaced by a Franciscan Friary in 1240, and nothing remains of our Saint’s monastery. There is an old poetic lament in Gaelic ‘Caoine Tí Molagga’ i.e. The Lament for the House (=Church and monastery) of Molagga.
One of St Molagga’s chief objectives was to shed the light of religion and science, by his instructions and example, over those ages which had been kept in the dark. He also wished to demonstrate the greatness of the Church, and her sanctity allied to the constant progress of Christian civilisation. He proved quite equal to such an undertaking, hard as it was, and not unfraught with peril under difficult conditions. Deep erudition was needed, no apocryphal documents would be accepted, no doubtful texts quoted, nor contestable arguments advanced, when he had to deal with those learned men who were his adversaries, when the relics of paganism were not wholly extinct in Ireland, and when Christians needed the wholesome food of sound doctrine, and the salt of true wisdom, to preserve them from contamination and the dangers of their age. And, whenever was it otherwise? As the French say; “Plus ça change, plus c’est la même chose”.

 

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St Molagga’s Monastery in Timoleague, Co. Cork, Ireland

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Co. Cork, Ireland

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The village Kildorrery, Co. Cork, Ireland

where St Molagga founded a small Monastery

called Templemolaga

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Parish Church

To the north of the oratory is the Parish Church known as Templemolaga. It is a large rectangular building, 11.8 metres in length by 7.2 metres wide. Very little remains of the church apart from the low walls. The west wall has been rebuilt. The present doorway may not be original. The original masonry and plinth at the base of the south wall suggests the church may be Romanesque. We do know that by the 16th century the church lay in ruins.

 

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Entrance to St. Molagga’s Graveyard

in Kildorrery, Co. Cork, Ireland

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St Molagga’s Well in Templemolaga Monastery

in Kildorrery, Co. Cork, Ireland

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Click HERE

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St Molagga’s Monastery in Kildorrery, Co. Cork, Ireland

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Village Kildorrery, Co. Cork, Ireland

& the river Funshion

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Village Kildorrery to Templemolaga Monastery

Fermoy to Templemolaga Monastery

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River Funshion

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Other one ancient Monastery of St Molagga in

Labbamolaga, Co. Cork, Ireland

The walls of two churches remain within a subrectagular enclosure. The smaller church has deep antae and a lintelled doorway; inside is a slab which tradition holds indicates the grave of the founding saint. The larger and later church had a nave and chancel, but is without any features, and the walls only remain to a height of c.0.60 m.

The monastery can probably be identified as Tulach-min-Molaga, founded by St Molagga, of Timoleague and Lann Beachaire, in the 7th century. Its current name, literally, ‘Molaga’s bed’, probably refers to the saint’s final resting place or grave here.

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St Molagga’s grave

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Volute on St Molaige’s Bed

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The town Fermoy & the river Blackwater

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Fermoy, Ireland

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