Orthodox Saints of Western Europe (January-December)

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SAINTS OF MY HEART

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http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/zeurope.htm

Orthodox Saints of Western Europe

Source:

http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/hp.php

ORTHODOX ENGLAND

January 1

Almachius (Telemachus) Jan 1 
+ 391. A hermit who came to Rome from the East and publicly protested against the gladiatorial combats in the Roman amphitheatre. He was seized and cut to pieces by order of the prefect Alipius. As a consequence, the Emperor Honorius is said to have abolished such spectacles.

Basil Jan 1
c 475. A priest from Arles who became second Bishop of Aix en Provence in France.

Clarus Jan 1
+ c 660. A monk at the monastery of St Ferreol, he was chosen abbot of the monastery of St Marcellus in Vienne in France.

Concordius Jan 1
+ 175. A subdeacon martyred in Spoleto in central Italy under Marcus Aurelius.

Connat (Comnatan) Jan 1
+ c 590. Abbess of Kildare in Ireland.

Cuan (Mochua, Moncan) Jan 1
6th cent. The founder of many churches and monasteries in Ireland, he lived to nearly 100.

Elvan and Mydwyn Jan 1
2nd cent. By tradition they were two Britons sent to ask for missionaries for Britain.

Eugendus (Oyend) Jan 1
450-c 510. Fourth Abbot of Condat in France, called Saint-Oyend after him and later Saint-Claude. He became a monk at the age of seven and lived there until his repose.

Fanchea (Garbh) Jan 1
+ c ?585. Born in Clogher in Ireland, she was the sister of St Enda. She founded a convent at Rossory in Fermanagh and was buried in Killane.

Felix of Bourges Jan 1
+ c 580. Bishop of Bourges in France. He took part in the Council of Paris in 573.

Fulgentius Jan 1
+ 532. Born in North Africa, he became a monk early in life and was elected abbot. He had to flee from the Vandal persecution. In 502 or 507 he was chosen Bishop of Ruspe but was again exiled by the Vandals. He spent his exile in Sardinia where he wrote numerous works which still exist. He returned to Africa in 523.

Justin of Chieti Jan 1
+ c ? 540. Venerated from time immemorial in Chienti in Italy, he was bishop of that city.

Maelrhys Jan 1
6th cent. A saint of the Isle of Bardsey in Wales, probably born in Brittany.

Rome (Martyrs of) Jan 1
+ c 304. Thirty soldiers martyred in Rome under Diocletian.

William of Dijon Jan 1
962-1031. William was born near Novara in Italy and became a monk near Vercelli, from where he went to France. Here he was sent to restore the monastery of St Benignus in Dijon, Gentle with the poor, he showed great firmness in his dealings with the great. Towards the end of his life he founded the monastery of Fruttuaria in Piedmont and rebuilt that of Fécamp.

January 2

Adalard Jan 2
c 751-827. He entered the monastery of Corbie in the north of France, where he became abbot. Exiled, he founded New Corbie (Corvey) in Saxony in Germany.

Artaxus, Acutus, Eugenda, Maximianus, Timothy, Tobias and Vitus Jan 2
3-4th cent. Martyrs in Syrmium in Pannonia.

Aspasius Jan 2
+ c 560. Bishop of Auch in France, he took part in the Councils of Orleans in 533, 541 and 549, besides holding a Council in Auch in 551.

Blidulf (Bladulf) Jan 2
+ c 630. A monk at Bobbio in Italy who bravely denounced the heresy of the Lombard King Ariovald.

Martinian (Maternian) Jan 2
+ c 435. Bishop of Milan in Italy (423-c 435). He took part in the Third Oecumenical Council at Ephesus and wrote against Nestorianism.

Munchin Jan 2
7th cent.? Probably the first Bishop and also patron-saint of Limerick in Ireland.

Rome (Martyrs of) Jan 2
+ c 303. Many martyrs who suffered in Rome under Diocletian for refusing to give up the Holy Scriptures.

Silvester Dec 31 (In the East Jan 2)
+ 335. Silvester came from Rome and served the Church as Pope from 314 to 335, helping convert St Constantine. Most of his relics are enshrined in San Silvestro in Capite in Rome.

Vincentian (Viance, Viants) Jan 2
+ c 730. A disciple of St Menelaus, he became a hermit near Tulle in Auvergne in France.

January 3

Antherus Jan 3 (In the East Aug 5)
+ 236. A Greek who was Pope of Rome for only a few weeks. He may have been martyred and was buried in the catacomb of St Callistus, the first Pope to be so.

Bertilia Jan 3
+ c 687. A noble virgin who took a vow of continence with her husband. On his death she lived as an anchoress near a church she had founded at Maroeuil (Marolles) in Flanders in Belgium.

Blitmund Jan 3
+ 660 ? A monk at Bobbio in Italy. He followed St Walaricus (St Valéry) to France, where they founded the monastery of Leucone, later called Saint-Valéry. St Blitmund was the second abbot.

Daniel Jan 3
+ 168. A deacon who helped St Prosdocimus, the first Bishop of Padua in Italy. He was martyred in 168.

Finlugh (Finlag) Jan 3
6th cent. A brother of St Fintan, he went to Scotland, where he became one of St Columba’s disciples. Returning to Ireland, he became abbot of a monastery in Co. Derry.

Fintan Jan 3
6th cent. A disciple of St Comgall at Bangor in Ireland. He is honoured as the patron-saint of Doon in Limerick where his holy well still exists.

Florentius of Vienne Jan 3
3rd century? A martyred Bishop of Vienne in France.

Geneviève Jan 3
c 422-500. Born in Nanterre near Paris in France, aged seven she became known to St Germanus of Auxerre. Aged fifteen, she became a nun. When Paris was occupied by the pagan Franks and afterwards threatened by Attila and the Huns, St Geneviève encouraged the people to defend the city. She has always been considered the special protectress and patroness of Paris, which she protected again in 1914.

Wenog Jan 3
? An early saint in Wales.

January 4

Aquilinus, Geminus, Eugene, Marcian, Quintus, Theodotus and Tryphon Jan 4
c 484. A group of martyrs in North Africa under the Arian Hunneric, King of the Vandals.

Clement Nov 23 (In the East Jan 4, Apr 22, Sept 10 and Nov 25)
+ c 101. One of the Seventy Apostles, he was the third Pope of Rome. Consecrated by the Apostle Peter, he is mentioned in Philippians 4,3 and wrote a letter to the Church of Corinth which still exists. He is venerated as a martyr and he is remembered in Rome by the church of San Clemente, which may have been built on the site of his home.

Dafrosa (Affrosa) Jan 4
? Dafrosa, the mother of St Bibiana, was martyred in Rome under Julian the Apostate.

Ferreolus Jan 4
+ 581. Born in Narbonne in France, he became Bishop of Uzès. He devoted himself in particular to converting Jews and was exiled by King Childebert on that account. He also founded a monastery.

Gregory of Langres Jan 4
+ 539. A governor of Autun in France. Later in life he lost his wife, was ordained priest and became Bishop of Langres, gaining a reputation for gentleness and understanding. He was the father of St Tetricus and the great-uncle of St Gregory of Tours.

Libentius (Liäwizo) Jan 4
938-1013. Born in Swabia in Germany, he became Bishop of Hamburg in 988.

Linus Sept 23 (In the East Jan 4 and Nov 5)
+ c 79. The first Pope of Rome. A disciple of the Apostle Paul, he was one of the Seventy and is mentioned in 2 Timothy 4,21. He was Pope for twelve years (67-79) and is venerated as a martyr.

Mavilus (Majulus) Jan 4
+ 212. A martyr in Hadrumetum in North Africa, thrown to wild beasts at the time of Caracalla.

Pharäildis (Vareide, Verylde, Veerle) Jan 4
+ c 740. Probably born in Ghent in Belgium, she was married against her will. Maltreated by her husband, she became one of the patron-saints of Ghent.

Priscus, Priscillian and Benedicta Jan 4
? Martyrs in Rome buried by their father, Flavian.

Rigobert Jan 4
+ c 745. Monk and Abbot of Orbais in France, in 721 he became Archbishop of Rheims but some years later was banished by the Frank Charles Martel. He returned to Orbais and resumed monastic life. On being recalled to Rheims, he came to terms with the intruded bishop and himself became a hermit.

January 5

Cera (Ciar, Cyra, Cior, Ceara) Jan 5
7th cent. Born in Tipperary in Ireland, she was abbess of two convents, one at Kilkeary and the other at Tech Telle, now Tehelly.

Kiara (Chier) Jan 5
+ c 680. A spiritual daughter of St Fintan Munnu. She lived in Ireland near Nenagh in Co. Tipperary, at a place now called Kilkeary after her.

Convoyon Jan 5
+ 868. Born in Brittany, he became a monk and founded the monastery of St Saviour near Redon. He was driven out of his monastery by the Vikings and reposed in exile.

Emiliana Jan 5
6th cent. A Roman lady and the paternal aunt of St Gregory the Great, from whom we know of her saintly life, visions and repose.

Gaudentius of Gnesen Jan 5
+ c 1004. Younger brother of St Adalbert of Prague and also a monk at the monastery of Sant’ Alessio on the Aventine in Rome. He escaped the massacre in which his brother was martyred by the pagan Prussians and in 1000 became first Archbishop of Gnesen in Poland.

Telesphorus Jan 5 (In the East Feb 22)
+ c 136. A Greek who was Pope of Rome for ten years and was martyred under Hadrian.

January 6

Africa, Martyrs of North-West Africa Jan 6
+ c 210. A number of Christians of both sexes burnt at the stake under Septimius Severus.

Anastasius Jan 6
4th cent. A martyr in Syrmium in Pannonia, now Hungary.

Anastasius, Jucundus, Florus, Florianus, Peter, Ratites, Tatia and Tilis Jan 6
4th cent. Martyred in Syrmium in Pannonia, now Hungary.

Diman (Dimas, Dima) Jan 6
+ 658. A monk with St Columba and afterwards Bishop of Connor in Ireland.

Edeyrn Jan 6
6th cent. Born in Britain, he was hermit and the patron saint of a church in Brittany.

Eigrad Jan 6
6th cent. A brother of St Samson, he was a disciple of St Illtyd and founded a church in Anglesey in Wales.

Frederick of Arras Jan 6
+ 1020. Son of the Count of Verdun in France, he gave his inheritance to the Bishop of Verdun. He then set out for Palestine and on his return became a monk at St Vanne and later St Vedast in Arras.

Hywyn Jan 6
+ 516. Probably a companion of St Cadfan on his return journey from Brittany to Cornwall and Wales. By tradition he founded Aberdaron in Gwynedd.

Macra Jan 6
+ 287. A holy virgin from Rheims in France, she was martyred in Fismes in Champagne before the persecution under Diocletian began.

Melanius (Melaine) Jan 6
+ c 535. Born in Brittany, he was Bishop of Rennes and succeeded in overcoming idolatry in his diocese.

Merinus Jan 6
6th cent. A disciple of Dunawd at Bangor in Wales and venerated there and in Brittany.

Peter of Canterbury Jan 6
+ c 607. A monk from St Andrew’s in Rome, he was one of the first missionaries sent to England. He became first Abbot of Sts Peter and Paul (later St Augustine’s), founded in Canterbury. While travelling to France he was drowned off Ambleteuse near Boulogne, where his relics are still honoured.

Schotin (Scarthin) Jan 6
6th cent. While still a youth, Schotin left Ireland to become a disciple of St David in Wales. On his return to his native country he lived as a hermit on Mt Mairge in Leix for many years.

Wiltrudis Jan 6
+ c 986. After her husband’s death (c 947), she founded (c 976) the convent of Bergen near Neuburg in Germany and herself became a nun and the first abbess.

January 7

Aldericus (Aldric, Audry) Jan 7
+ 856. Bishop of Le Mans in France (832), he excelled as a saintly prelate and as an able administrator. Some of his works survive.

Anastasius Jan 7
+ 977. Archbishop of Sens from 968 to 977, he began building the Cathedral and greatly helped the monks of Saint-Pierre-le-Vif, in whose church he was buried.

Brannoc Jan 7
? Born in Wales, he crossed to Devon in England and founded a monastery in Braunton.

Crispin Jan 7
5th century. Bishop of Pavia in Italy, he signed the acts of the Council of Milan.

Cronan Beg Jan 7
7th cent. A Bishop of Aendrum in Co. Down in Ireland.

Emilian (Aemilio) Jan 7
+ 767. Born in Vannes in France, he was a monk at Saujon near Saintes and died as a hermit in the forest of Combes near Bordeaux.

Kentigerna Jan 7
+ 734. Daughter of Kelly, prince of Leinster and mother of St Coellan. After her husband’s death she left Ireland and became an anchoress on the island of Inchebroida on Loch Lomond in Scotland, where a church is dedicated to her.

Reinold (Rainald, Reynold) Jan 7
+ 960. A monk at the monastery of St Pantaleon in Cologne in Germany. He was killed by stonemasons who threw his body into a pool near the Rhine. It was later found by divine revelation.

Tillo (Thillo, Thielman, Théau, Tilloine, Tillon, Tilman) Jan 7
+ c 702. Born in Saxony in Germany, he was abducted by robbers and enslaved. Freed by St Eligius of Noyon, he became a monk at Solignac and enlightened the area around Tournai and Courtrai in Belgium.

Valentine Jan 7
+ c 470. An abbot who became a bishop in Rhaetia. He reposed in Mais in the Tyrol in Austria. Some years later his relics were translated to Trent and then to Passau.

Wittikund Jan 7
+ c 804. A noble from Westphalia in Germany, he was converted by a vision and baptised in 785. He was zealous in spreading Christianity and restoring churches.

January 8

Albert of Cashel Jan 8
7th cent. Patron-saint of Cashel in Ireland. According to some, he had been born in England, laboured in Ireland and later preached in Bavaria. He then went to Jerusalem and on his return reposed and was buried in Regensburg.

Athelhelm (Athelm) Jan 8
+ 923. Paternal uncle of St Dunstan. A monk and then Abbot of Glastonbury in England, he became first Bishop of Wells in Somerset and in 923 twenty-first Archbishop of Canterbury.

Ergnad (Ercnacta) Jan 8
5th cent. Born in Ulster in Ireland, she was made a nun by St Patrick.

Erhard Jan 8
+ c 686. Born in Ireland, he preached the Gospel as a bishop in Bavaria in Germany, mainly around Regensburg.

Eugenian Jan 8
4th cent. Bishop of Autun in France, he was a staunch defender of Orthodoxy against Arianism, for which he was martyred.

Frodobert Jan 8
+ c 673. A monk at Luxeuil in France, he founded the monastery of Moutier-la-Celle near Troyes, where he led a life of unceasing prayer and asceticism.

Garibaldus Jan 8
+ 762. First Bishop of Regensburg in Germany. He was consecrated by St Boniface in c 740. He had probably been Abbot of St Emmeran in Regensburg before this.

Gudula (Goule) Jan 8
+ 712. Daughter of St Amelberga, she spent much time with St Gertrude at Nivelles and afterwards lived a life of holiness. She is the patroness of Brussels in Belgium.

Lucian, Maximian and Julian Jan 8
+ c 290. Martyrs in Beauvais in the north of France.

Maximus Jan 8
+ 511. Bishop of Pavia in Italy, he attended Councils in Rome under Pope Symmachus.

Patiens Jan 8
2nd cent. Venerated as the fourth Bishop and patron-saint of Metz in France.

Pega Jan 8
+ c 719. The sister of St Guthlac of Crowland in England. She too lived as an anchoress. The village of Peakirk (Pega’s church) in Northamptonshire is called after her.

Severinus Jan 8
+ 482. An Eastern monk who enlightened Noricum Ripense, now in Austria. He founded several monasteries, notably one on the Danube near Vienna, where he organised help for those afflicted by the invasions of Attila and the Huns and where he reposed. Six years after his repose, the monks were driven out and took his relics to Naples in Italy, where the monastery of San Severino was built to enshrine them.

Wulsin Jan 8
+ 1002. A monk whom St Dunstan loved as a son and made Abbot of Westminster in 980. In 993 he became Bishop of Sherborne.

January 9

Adrian Jan 9
+ 710. Born in North Africa, he became Abbot of Nerida not far from Naples in Italy. Chosen to be Archbishop of Canterbury, he declined the office and recommended instead St Theodore of Tarsus, with whom he came to England. He became Abbot of Sts Peter and Paul, later called St Augustine’s in Canterbury. He was eminent for his holiness and his learning.

Brithwald (Brihtwald) Jan 9
+ 731. He became a monk and the Abbot of Reculver in Kent in England. In 693 he became the ninth Archbishop of Canterbury.

Epictetus, Jucundus, Secundus, Vitalis, Felix and Companions Jan 9
+ ? 250. Twelve martyrs in North Africa, who probably suffered under Decian. Epictetus was a bishop mentioned by St Cyprian.

Foellan (Foilan, Fillan) Jan 9
8th cent. Born in Ireland, he accompanied his mother, St Kentigerna, and his relative, St Comgan, to Scotland, where he lived as a monk. The place of repose is called Strathfillan.

Marcellinus of Ancona Jan 9
+ c 566. Born in Ancona in Italy, he became bishop there in c 550.

Marciana Jan 9
+ c 303. A virgin-martyr in Mauritania in North Africa. Accused of breaking a statue of a goddess, she was thrown to the wild beasts and gored to death by a bull.

Maurontus (Maurontius, Mauruntius) Jan 9
+ c 700. Founder of the monastery of Saint-Florent-le-Vieil on the Loire in France.

Paschasia Jan 9
+ c 178 (?) A virgin martyr venerated from ancient times in Dijon in France.

Waningus (Vaneng) Jan 9
+ c 686. Born near Rouen, he became a monk and helped St Wandrille found Fontenelle. Soon after he himself founded another important monastery in Fécamp in France.

January 10

Agatho Jan 10 (In the East Jan 20)
+ 681. Pope of Rome from 678 to 681. A Sicilian from Palermo, he called for the holding of the Sixth Oecumenical Council in Constantinople in 680 against Monothelitism.

Dermot (Diarmis, Diarmaid) Jan 10
6th cent. The spiritual father of St Kieran of Clonmacnois and later founder of a monastery on Innis-Clotran Island in Ireland.

John Camillus the Good Jan 10
+ c 660. Bishop of Milan in Italy. He worked against Arianism and Monothelitism.

Peter Urseolus Jan 10
928-987. Born in Venice in Italy, at the age of twenty Peter became Admiral of the Venetian fleet. In 976 he became Doge of Venice. After two years, he disappeared from Venice to become a monk at the monastery of Cuxa in Spain, where he later lived as a hermit.

Petronius Jan 10
+ c 463. Born in Avignon, he became a monk at Lérins and Bishop of Die in France from c 456 to 463.

Sethrid (Saethryth) Jan 10
+ c 660. Stepdaughter of Anna, King of East Anglia. She became a nun at Faremoutiers-en-Brie in France under St Fara, whom she succeeded as abbess. She was the half-sister of Sts Etheldred (Audrey) and Ethelburgh.

Thomian (Toimen) Jan 10
+ c 660. Archbishop of Armagh in Ireland 623-c 660.

January 11

Alexander Jan 11
? Born in Fermo near Ancona in Italy, he became bishop of his native city and was martyred under Decius. His relics are enshrined in the Cathedral.

Anastasius Jan 11
+ c 570. A notary of the Roman church, he became monk and Abbot of Castel Sant’ Elia in Italy. St Gregory the Great narrates that St Anastasius and his monks reposed, at the call of an angel, in quick succession.

Boadin Jan 11
? Born in Ireland, he lived as a monk in France.

Brandan Jan 11
5th cent. Born in Ireland, he took refuge from Pelagianism in Britain and then in France, at a monastery where he became abbot.

Ethenia and Fidelmia Jan 11
+ 433. Daughters of King Laoghaire in Ireland and among the first converts of St Patrick, they became nuns and reposed in holiness.

Honorata Jan 11
+ c 500. The sister of St Epiphanius, Bishop of Pavia in Italy. She was a nun at Pavia when Odoacer, King of the Heruli, captured her. She was ransomed by her brother and returned to Pavia.

Hyginus Jan 11
+ c 140. Pope of Rome from c 138 to 140, he may also have been a martyr.

Leucius of Brindisi Jan 11
+ c 180. Venerated as the first Bishop of Brindisi in Italy where he had come as a missionary from Alexandria.

Paldo, Taso and Tato Jan 11
8th cent. Three brothers, born in Benevento in Italy, who became monks at Farfa and eventually founded the monastery of San Vincenzo at the headwaters of the Volturno. Of this they successively became abbots, Paldo reposing in c 720, Taso in c 729, and Tato in c 739.

Salvius Jan 11
? A martyr in North Africa.

January 12

Arcadius Jan 12
+ c 302 A prominent citizen of Caesarea near Algiers in North Africa, who under Maximianus Herculeus was slowly and barbarously mutilated until he died under torture.

Benedict Biscop Jan 12
c 628-c 690 Born in Northumbria, Biscop Baducing made two pilgrimages to Rome early in life and after the second became a monk at Lérins. After a third journey to Rome, bringing back books and icons, he returned to England and founded the monastery of Wearmouth and Jarrow (674-682). He visited Rome twice more after that.

Caesaria Jan 12
+ c 530. The gifted sister of St Caesarius of Arles and abbess of the convent founded there by her brother.

John of Ravenna Jan 12
+ 494. Bishop of Ravenna in Italy from 452 to 494. He saved his flock from the fury of Attila the Hun and mitigated its lot when the city was taken by Theodoric, King of the Ostrogoths.

Probus Jan 12
+ c 59. Bishop of Verona in Italy

Salvius (Salve, Sauve) Jan 12
+ c 625. Bishop of Amiens in the north of France. His relics were enshrined in Montreuil in Picardy.

Tatiana and Companions Jan 12
+ c 225. A renowned virgin-martyr of the eminent Tatian family tortured and slain for the Orthodox Faith together with others in Rome.

Victorian of Asan Jan 12
+ c 560. Born in Italy, he went to France and founded Asan (called San Victorian after him) in the Pyrenees in Spain.

Zoticus, Rogatus, Modestus, Castulus and Companions Jan 12
? A group of between forty and fifty soldiers martyred in North Africa.

January 13

Agrecius (Agritius) Jan 13
+ c 333. Bishop of Trier in Germany and predecessor of St Maximinus. He took part in the Council of Arles in 314. According to a late Life, composed in the eleventh century, he was aided by St Helen, who procured for him the garment of our Lord, known as the Holy Coat of Trier.

Andrew Jan 13
+ c 235. The twelfth Bishop of Trier in Germany, whom some chroniclers also call a martyr.

Berno Jan 13
+ 927. Born in Burgundy in France, he became a monk at St Martin in Autun. He restored Baume-les-Messieurs and founded monasteries at Gigny, Bourg-Dieu, Massay and Cluny (910), where he was abbot until 926.

Elian (Eilan, Allan) Jan 13
6th cent. Probably born in Cornwall, he belonged to the family of St Ismael. Llanelian in Anglesey and Llanelian in Clwyd are named after him and St Allen’s church in Cornwall is dedicated to him.

Elian ap Erbin Jan 13
? 5th cent. A saint in Wales.

Enogatus Jan 13
+ 631. The fifth successor of St Malo as Bishop of Aleth in Brittany.

Erbin (Ervan, Erbyn, Erme or Hermes) Jan 13
? 5th cent. Churches were dedicated to him in Cornwall.

Gumesindus and Servusdei Jan 13
+ 852. Two martyrs, one a parish-priest, the other a monk, who suffered in Cordoba in Spain under Abderrahman II.

Hilary Jan 13
315-368. Born in Poitiers in France of pagan patrician parents, he married early in life. Shortly after he became Orthodox and in 353 he became Bishop of Poitiers. At once he began a campaign against Arianism and for this reason was exiled to Phrygia by the Arian Emperor Constantius. But in Phrygia he was even more objectionable to the Arians, who clamoured for his recall. He returned to Poiters in 360.

Kentigern Mungo Jan 13
+ 603. The name Mungo means ‘darling’. He began preaching in Cathures on the Clyde on the site of the city of Glasgow and was consecrated first Bishop of the Strathclyde Britons. Driven into exile, he preached around Carlisle and then went to Wales, where he stayed with St David at Menevia. Returning to Scotland, he continued his labours, making Glasgow his centre. He is venerated as the Apostle of north-west England and south-west Scotland.

Potitus Jan 13
? A boy venerated as a martyr near Naples in Italy.

Rome (Martyrs of) Jan 13
+ 262. Forty soldiers who suffered on the Via Lavicana in Rome under Gallienus.

Viventius Jan 13
+ c 400. An eastern priest who travelled to the West and attached himself to St Hilary of Poitiers. He ended his life as a hermit.

January 14

Datius Jan 14
+ 552. Bishop of Milan in Italy. His diocese was overrun by Arian Ostrogoths and he had to flee to Constantinople where he spent the rest of his life.

Deusdedit Jan 14
+ 664. Born in England and baptised Frithona, he was the first Englishman to become Archbishop of Canterbury, succeeding St Honorius in 655.

Euphrasius Jan 14
? A bishop martyred in North Africa by the Arian Vandals.

Felix of Nola Jan 14
+ c 250. The son of a Romano-Syrian soldier who had settled in Nola near Naples in Italy. Felix was ordained a priest and devoted himself to his bishop, St Maximus, especially during the persecution which broke out under Decius. On account of his sufferings during the persecution, he was sometimes referred to as a martyr.

Felix Jan 14
? A priest in Rome.

January 15

Blaithmaic (Blathmac, Blaithmale) Jan 15
+ c 823. An abbot from Ireland who went to Scotland and was martyred by the Danes on the altar steps of the church of Iona.

Bonitus (Bont) Jan 15
623-c 710. Born in Auvergne in France, he became Bishop of Clermont. After ten years as bishop he resigned and lived as a monk, reposing in extreme old age.

Ceolwulf Jan 15
+ 764. King of Northumbria in England, he encouraged monastic life. St Bede dedicated his Ecclesiastical History to him. He ended his days as a monk at Lindisfarne.

Emebert (Ablebert) Jan 15
+ c 710. A brother of Sts Reineldis and Gudula, he became Bishop of Cambrai in France.

Ephysius Jan 15
+ 303. A much-venerated martyr in Sardinia, under Diocletian.

Eugyppius Jan 15
+ c 511. Born in North Africa, he was ordained priest at Rome and was a companion of St Severinus of Noricum in Austria, whose Life he wrote.

Ita (Ytha, Meda) Jan 15
+ c 570. She is second only to St Bridget in popular veneration in Ireland. She was born in Drum in Co. Waterford and founded the convent of Hy Conaill in Co. Limerick, attracting many to the monastic life.

Lleudadd (Laudatus) Jan 15
6th cent. Abbot of Bardsey in Wales, he accompanied St Cadfan to Brittany.

Malard Jan 15
+ c 650. A Bishop of Chartres in France, present at the Council of Châlon-sur-Saône (650).

Maura and Britta Jan 15
? 4th cent. Two holy virgins in France.

Maximus of Nola Jan 15
+ c 250. Bishop of Nola in Italy. He ordained St Felix. During the persecution of Decius he fled to the mountains, where he nearly died of exposure and hunger. He reposed in Nola worn out by the hardships he had endured for the Faith.

Sawl Jan 15
6th cent. The father of St Asaph of Wales.

Secundina Jan 15
+ c 250. A virgin-martyr scourged to death near Rome in the persecution of Decius.

Tarsicia (Tarsitia) Jan 15
+ c 600. An anchoress who lived near Rodez in France.

January 16

Dunchaid O’Braoin Jan 16
+ 988. Born in Westmeath in Ireland, he lived as a hermit near the monastery of Clonmacnoise until the year 969, when he became abbot there.

Ferreolus (Fergéol) Jan 16
+ c 670. Bishop of Grenoble in France.

Fulgentius Jan 16
+ c 633. Brother of Sts Isidore and Leander of Seville in Spain and of St Florentina. He was Bishop of Ecija in Andalusia and one of the leaders of the Spanish Church of that time.

Fursey Jan 16
+ c 648. Having founded a monastery at Rathmat in Ireland, he went to England and founded another at Burgh Castle in Suffolk. He finally moved to France and founded a monastery at Lagny near Paris. He was buried in Picardy. His life is famous for his remarkable visions.

Honoratus of Arles Jan 16
c 350-429. Probably born in Lorraine of a Roman consular family, he renounced paganism in his youth and went to the East to learn from monasticism. Returning to France, he founded a monastery on the Mediterranean island of Lérins. In 426 he was forced to become Archbishop of Arles, but reposed three years later.

Honoratus of Fondi Jan 16
6th cent. Founder of the monastery of Fondi in Italy.

James of Tarentaise Jan 16
? 429. A Syrian by origin, he became a monk with St Honoratus at Lérins and was venerated at Chambéry as an Apostle of Savoy in France and the first Bishop of Tarentaise.

Liberata Jan 16
5th cent. Sister of St Epiphanius of Pavia in Italy and St Honorata.

Marcellus Jan 16 (June 7 in the East)
+ 309. Pope of Rome from 308 to 309 and suffered for confessing the faith.

Priscilla Jan 16
1st cent. The wife of Manius Acilius Glabrio and mother of the senator Pudens. The tradition is that she was the hostess in Rome of the Apostle Peter. His headquarters were at her villa near the Roman catacombs which to this day bear her name.

Titian Jan 16
+ 650. For thirty years a bishop near Venice in Italy.

Triverius Jan 16
+ 550. Born in Neustria, he showed spiritual sensitivity from childhood. He lived as a hermit near the monastery of Thérouanne until he moved to Dombes. The village of Saint Trivier in France commemorates his name.

Valerius Jan 16
+ c 453. A hermit taken from his solitude by the people of Sorrento in Italy, who made him their bishop.

January 17

Antony, Merulus and John Jan 17
6th cent. Three monks at St Andrew’s on the Coelian Hill in Rome. St Gregory the Great, who was their Abbot, has left an account of their virtues and miraculous power.

Genulfus (Genou) and Genitus Jan 17
? 3rd cent. Two monks who lived in Celle-sur-Naton in France.

Joseph of Freising Jan 17
+ 764. A monk who in 752 founded the monastery of St Zeno at Isen. In 764 he became third Bishop of Freising in Germany. His relics are in Isen.

Mildgyth Jan 17
+ c 676. The youngest of the three holy virgins of Minster-in-Thanet in England – Milburgh, Mildred and Mildgyth.

Nennius Jan 17
6th cent. A disciple of St Finian of Clonard, reckoned as one of the ‘Twelve Apostles of Ireland’.

Richimirus Jan 17
+ c 715. Under the patronage of the Bishop of Le Mans in France he founded a monastery, later called Saint-Rigomer-des-Bois after him.

Sulpicius (II) the Pious Jan 17
+ 647. Bishop of Bourges in France from 624 to 647. He devoted himself to the care and defence of the poor and persecuted.

January 18

Archelais, Thecla and Susanna Jan 18
+ 293. Three holy virgins of the Romagna in Italy who went to Nola in the Campagna in order to escape death, but there too they were accused of being Orthodox, were tortured, taken to Salerno and beheaded.

Deicola (Deicolus, Desle, Dichul, Deel, Delle, Deille) Jan 18
+ c 625. A monk at Bangor in Ireland, he followed St Columbanus to Burgundy in France, where he helped found the monastery of Luxeuil. Later he founded a second monastery in Lure in the Vosges.

Leobard (Liberd) Jan 18
+ 593. A hermit in Tours in France near the monastery of Marmoutier for twenty-two years.

Liberata Jan 18
+ 580. A holy virgin in Como in Italy where with her sister St Faustina she founded the convent of Santa Margarita. Both reposed in 580. Their relics are in Como Cathedral.

Prisca Jan 18
3rd cent. (?) A virgin-martyr venerated from ancient times in Rome, where a church is dedicated to her on the Aventine.

Ulfrid (Wolfred, Wilfrid) Jan 18
+ 1028. Born in England, he became a missionary in Germany and Sweden. He was martyred for destroying an image of Thor.

Volusian Jan 18
+ 496. A married senator who was chosen Bishop of Tours in France and shortly after driven out by Arian Visigoths. He reposed in Toulouse.

January 19

Arcontius Jan 19
8th or 9th cent. Bishop of Viviers in France, killed by a mob for having upheld the rights of the Church.

Bassian Jan 19
+ 413. Born in Sicily, he became Bishop of Lodi in Lombardy in Italy. He was much esteemed by St Ambrose of Milan, with whom he attended the Council of Aquilia (381) and at whose repose he was present (390).

Branwallader Jan 19
? 6th cent. A bishop in Jersey in the Channel Islands. King Athelstan, who founded the monastery of Milton in Dorset in England translated relics of the saint there in 935.

Catellus Jan 19
9th cent. Bishop of Castellamare to the south of Naples in Italy. He is venerated as the main patron-saint of the town.

Contestus Jan 19
+ c 510. Bishop of Bayeux in France from 480 on.

Firminus Jan 19
? Third Bishop of Gabales (Gévaudan) in France.

Lomer (Laudomarus) Jan 19
+ 593. A shepherd boy near Chartres in France and then priest, he became a hermit. Disciples came and he founded the monastery of Corbion near Chartres. He lived to be over a hundred.

Marius (Maris), Martha, Audifax and Abachum Jan 19
+ c 270. Marius, a Persian nobleman, his wife Martha, and their two sons, Audifax and Abachum, travelled to Rome to venerate the tombs of the Apostles. While there, they also buried the bodies of those being martyred in the persecution of Claudius II. They too were arrested, the three men beheaded and St Martha drowned.

Messalina Jan 19
+ 251. A holy virgin in Foligno in Italy. She visited Bishop Felician of Foligno in prison, was denounced as a Christian and clubbed to death.

Nathalan Jan 19
+ c 678. Born of a wealthy family in Scotland, he became a hermit and was praised for earning his living by tilling the soil, ‘which comes closest to divine contemplation’. He became a bishop and lived in Tullicht.

Paul, Gerontius, Januarius, Saturninus, Successus, Julius, Catus, Pia and Germana Jan 19
2nd cent. (?) Martyrs in Numidia in North Africa.

Pontian Jan 19
+ 169. A martyr in Spoleto in Italy under Marcus Aurelius.

Remigius Jan 19
+ c 772. Bishop of Rouen in France from 755 on.

January 20

Agatho Jan 10 (In the East Jan 20)
+ 681. Pope of Rome from 678 to 681. A Sicilian from Palermo, he called for the holding of the Sixth Oecumenical Council in Constantinople in 680 against Monothelitism.

Fabian Jan 20 (In the East Aug 5)
+ 250. Fabian succeeded St Antherus as Pope of Rome in 236 and was martyred in 250 under Decius. St Cyprian described him as an ‘incomparable man’ and added that the glory of his death matched the purity and goodness of his life.

Fechin Jan 20
+ c 665. Born in Connaught in Ireland, he founded several monasteries. His name is connected with Fobhar (Fore) in Westmeath. Ecclefechan and St Vigean’s near Arbroath in Scotland are also called after him.

Maurus Jan 20
+ 946. He became monk and Abbot of Classe in Ravenna in Italy (926), and finally Bishop of Cesena. He built for himself a cell on a hill near the city, where he spent part of his time in prayer. After his repose the cell grew into the monastery of Santa Maria del Monte.

Molagga (Laicin) Jan 20
+ c 655. Born in Ireland, he was a disciple of St David in Wales. He founded a monastery in Fulachmhin (Fermoy) in Ireland.

Sebastian Jan 20
+ ? 288. One of the most renowned of all the martyrs of Rome. According to his Life, he was an officer in the imperial army and a favourite of Diocletian. Nevertheless, when he was discovered to be Orthodox no mercy was shown him. Tied to a tree, his body was made a target for Roman archers and he was finally martyred with clubs. His church is one of the seven main churches in Rome.

January 21

Agnes Jan 21
+ c 305. A virgin-martyr in Rome, aged only twelve or thirteen, she suffered and was buried by the Via Nomentana in Rome, where a basilica in her honour has stood since the fourth century. St Ambrose, St Damasus and Prudentius sang her praises and she is a patroness of chastity.

Brigid (Briga) Jan 21
6th cent. Known as St Brigid of Kilbride, she is venerated around Lismore in Ireland.

Epiphanius Jan 21
439-497. Born in Pavia in Italy, he became bishop there in 467. During his episcopate Odoacer destroyed Pavia and Epiphanius was largely responsible for rebuilding the city. While paying the ransom of some of his flock, he caught a fever of which he died.

Fructuosus, Augurius and Eulogius Jan 21
+ 259. Fructuosus, Bishop of Tarragoña in Spain, and his two deacons, Augurius and Eulogius, were burnt at the stake under Valerian. When the fire had burnt through their bonds, they stretched out their arms in the form of a cross and died.

Lawdog Jan 21
6th cent. Four churches are dedicated to him near St David’s in Wales.

Maccallin (Macallan) Jan 21
+ 978. Born in Ireland, he went to St Fursey’s shrine in Péronne in France and entered the monastery of Gorze. Later he became a hermit and then Abbot of St Michael’s monastery at Thiérache and Waulsort near Dinant in Belgium.

Meinrad Jan 21
+ 861. Of the noble family of Hohenzollern, he became a monk at the monastery of Reichenau on the Rhine in Germany. Later he became a hermit in Switzerland, and this later became the monastery of Einsiedeln, meaning in German ‘the Hermitage’. He lived as a hermit for twenty-five years, was murdered by robbers and is venerated as a martyr.

Patroclus Jan 21
+ c 275 (or 259). A very wealthy and exceedingly charitable Orthodox in Troyes in France, who was martyred there. His relics were translated to Soest in Germany in 960.

Publius Jan 21
+ c 112. Tradition identifies this saint with Publius, ‘chief man of the island of Malta’, who befriended St Paul after his shipwreck (Acts 28,7). He became the first Bishop of Malta and later Bishop of Athens, being martyred under Trajan.

Vimin (Wynnin, Gwynnin) Jan 21
6th cent. A bishop in Scotland, said to have founded the monastery of Holywood.

January 22

Blaesilla Jan 22
+ 383. A daughter of St Paula, married and widowed very young she consecrated herself to God, but died in Rome aged twenty.

Brithwald Jan 22
+ 1045. A monk at Glastonbury, he became Bishop of Ramsbury in 1005. He was a great benefactor of Malmesbury and Glastonbury, where he was buried.

Dominic of Sora Jan 22
+ 1031. Born in Foligno in Italy, he became a monk and founded several monasteries – at Scandrilia, Sora, Sangro, and elsewhere near Naples. He died in Sora in Campania at the age of eighty.

Gaudentius of Novara Jan 22
+ 417. A priest in Ivrea near Turin in Italy. He succeeded St Laurence as Bishop of Novara, where he was bishop for twenty years.

Vincent of Digne Jan 22
+ 380. Born in North Africa, he succeeded St Domninus as Bishop of Digne in France and is the main patron-saint of the town.

Vincent the Deacon Jan 22
+ 304. Born in Huesca in Spain, he became deacon of St Valerius in Saragossa and was martyred in Valencia under Diocletian. He has always been widely honoured. In some places he is honoured as the patron of vinedressers.

Vincent, Orontius and Victor Jan 22
+ 305. Vincent and Orontius were brothers born in Cimiez near Nice in France. They preached the Gospel in the Spanish Pyrenees and were martyred with St Victor at Puigeerda near Gerona in Spain. Their relics were later taken to Embrun in France.

January 23

Amasius Jan 23
+ 356. A Greek, driven from the East by the Arians, he became second Bishop of Teano in central Italy in 346.

Barnard Jan 23
777-841. Born near Lyons in France, he restored the monastery of Ambournay where he became a monk and abbot. In 810 he was consecrated Bishop of Vienne and became one of the most influential bishops of his age. He founded the monastery of Romans (c 837) where he was buried.

Colman of Lismore Jan 23
+ c 702. Abbot of Lismore in Ireland and also a bishop.

Emerentiana Jan 23
+ 305? A martyr in Rome. Still only a catechumen, this foster-sister of St Agnes was found by pagans praying at the tomb of the recently martyred Agnes and was stoned to death.

Ildephonsus Jan 23
607-667. Nephew of St Eugene of Toledo in Spain. He knew St Isidore of Seville and became a monk and Abbot of Agli on the Tagus near Toledo. He became Archbishop there in 657. He excelled as a writer, especially on the Mother of God.

Lufthild Jan 23
+ ? 850. A saint honoured near Cologne in Germany, where she lived as an anchoress.

Maimbod Jan 23
+ c 880. Born in Ireland, he was martyred by pagans while preaching to peasants near Kaltenbrunn in Alsace, now in France.

Martyrius (Martory) Jan 23
6th cent. A hermit in the Abruzzi in Italy.

Ormond (Armand) Jan 23
6th cent. Monk of the monastery of Saint Mairé in France, where he became abbot.

Severian and Aquila Jan 23
? A husband and wife martyred in Julia Caesarea in Mauritania in North Africa

January 24

Artemius (Arthemius) Jan 24
+ 396. An imperial legate who, on his way to Spain, fell sick in Gaul and settled in Clermont in Auvergne in France where eventually he became bishop.

Bertrand (Bertram, Bertran, Ebertram) Jan 24
7th cent. A disciple of St Bertinus, he also helped St Omer enlighten the north of France and Flanders. He later became Abbot of Saint-Quentin.

Cadoc (Docus, Cathmael, Cadvaci) Jan 24
+ c 580. Founder of the monastery of Llancarfan not far from Cardiff in Wales, he later lived as a hermit on an island off the coast of Vannes in Brittany. He returned to Britain and by tradition was martyred by heathen near Weedon in England.

Erembert I Jan 24
+ c 1050. Abbot of Kremsmünster in Austria.

Exuperantius Jan 24
5th cent. Born in North Africa, he became Bishop of Cingoli near Ancona in Italy.

Felician Jan 24 and Oct 20
+ 251. Born in Foligno in Italy, he was consecrated bishop and cared for his diocese for over fifty years, enlightening the whole of Umbria. He was arrested under Decius and died on his way to martyrdom in Rome.

Guasacht Jan 24
5th cent. Son of Maelchu, the master under whom St Patrick worked as a slave in Ireland. Guasacht was converted by Patrick, whom he helped as Bishop of Granard in Ireland.

Suranus Jan 24
+ c 580. Abbot of a monastery at Sora near Caserta in Italy, who gave away all the goods of the monastery to refugees from the Lombards. When the latter arrived and found that nothing remained to plunder, they martyred Suranus on the spot.

Zama Jan 24
+ c 268. The first Bishop of Bologna in Italy.

January 25

Amarinus Jan 25
+ 676. Abbot of a monastery in the Vosges in France and companion in martyrdom of St Praejectus (St Priest), Bishop of Clermont. The valley of Saint-Amarian in Alsace is named after him.

Artemas Jan 25
? A child martyr in Pozzuoli (Puteoli) in Italy.

Dwynwen Jan 25
+ c 460. Born in Wales, churches dedicated to her are to be found in Wales and Cornwall. Her holy well and shrine at Llanddwyn in Anglesey were once centres of pilgrimage.

Eochod Jan 25
+ 597. One of St Columba’s twelve companions, he was chosen to enlighten the Picts in Scotland. He is called the Apostle of the Picts of Galloway.

Felicity Nov 23 (In the East Jan 25)
?. A widow martyred with her sons either in Rome or else in North Africa under Decius. They were buried in Rome.

Maurus and Placid Jan 25
? Maurus and Placid were early disciples of St Benedict, details of whose lives are related in the second book of The Dialogues of St Gregory the Great.

Poppo Jan 25
978-1048. Born in Flanders, after a military career he made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem and Rome. On his return he became a monk at St Thierry in Rheims in 1006. Two years later he moved to Saint-Vannes and then to Vaast in Arras. In 1021 he became Abbot of Stavelot-Malmédy in Belgium and the monastic revival soon spread to other monasteries, among others to Hautmont, Marchiennes, St Maximinus of Trier in Germany and St Vaast in Arras in France.

Praejectus (Priest, Prest, Preils, Prix) Jan 25
+ 676. He became Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne in France. He encouraged monasticism but was murdered by evildoers at Volvic in the Vosges.

Racho (Ragnobert) Jan 25
+ c 660. Bishop of Autun in France.

Seven Brothers July 10 (In the East Jan 25)
+ c 150. Seven early martyrs in Rome who became brothers through sharing martyrdom. Their names are: Januarius, Felix and Philip, scourged to death; Sylvanus, thrown over a precipice; Alexander, Vitalis and Martial, beheaded. They suffered in Rome under Antoninus Pius.

Sigebert Jan 25
+ 634. The first Christian King of East Anglia in England. He introduced Orthodoxy into his kingdom, later himself becoming a monk. He was killed by the pagan King Penda of Mercia and was venerated as a martyr.

Thorgyth (Tortgith) Jan 25
+ c 700. Nun at the convent of Barking in England with St Ethelburgh. She is described as a miracle of patience under suffering.

January 26

Alphonsus of Astorga Jan 26
9th cent. Bishop of Astorga in Spain, he went to live as a simple monk at the monastery of St Stephen de Ribas de Sil in Spanish Galicia.

Ansurius (Aduri, Asurius, Isauri) Jan 26
+ 925. Bishop of Orense in Galicia, he helped found the monastery of Ribas de Sil in Spain. He became bishop in 915, but in 922 became a simple monk at the monastery. After his repose he was venerated there, together with seven other bishops who had followed his example.

Athanasius Jan 26
? He is honoured as a bishop in Sorrento in the south of Italy.

Conan Jan 26
+ ? c 648. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at Iona and a bishop in the Isle of Man.

Paula Jan 26
347-404. A Roman lady of noble birth, she married a patrician and had five children, among them St Eustochium and St Blaesilla. Left a widow when she was thirty-two, she presided for twenty years over the sisterhood she had founded in Bethlehem. She also established a guest house for pilgrims there.

Theofrid (Theofroy) Jan 26
+ c 690. A monk at Luxeuil in France who became Abbot of Corbie and a bishop.

January 27

Avitus Jan 27
? St Avitus is venerated in the Canary Islands as their Apostle and first Bishop.

Candida Jan 27
+ c 798. Mother of St Emerius, who founded the monastery of St Stephen of Bañoles in Spain. She reposed as an anchoress near the monastery.

Datius, Reatrus (Restius) and Companions, and Datius (Dativus), Julian, Vincent and 27 Companions Jan 27
c. 500? Two groups of martyrs in North Africa; the second group suffered under the Arian Vandals.

Devota Jan 27
+ 303. A virgin-martyr in Corsica who expired on the rack in the persecution of Diocletian. Her relics are in Monaco. She is the patron-saint of both Corsica and Monaco.

Emerius Jan 27
8th cent. Born in France, he founded and was the first Abbot of St Stephen of Bañoles in Catalonia in Spain.

Gamelbert Jan 27
720-800. The son of rich parents in Bavaria, Gamelbert went to Rome on pilgrimage, was ordained priest and was parish priest of Michaelsbuch in Germany for over fifty years.

Julian of Le Mans Jan 27 (In the East July 13)
? 3rd cent. Venerated as the first Bishop of Le Mans in France.

Julian of Sora Jan 27
+ c 150. Born in Dalmatia, he was arrested, tortured and beheaded in Sora in Campania in Italy under Antoninus Pius (138-161).

Lupus of Châlons Jan 27
+ c 610. Bishop of Châlons-sur-Saône in France, famous for his charity to the afflicted.

Maurus (Marius, May) Jan 27
+ c 555. Founder of a monastery in Bodon in France.

Natalis Jan 27
6th cent. A monastic founder in the north of Ireland, he worked with St Columba. He was Abbot of Cill, Naile and Daunhinis. His holy well still exists.

Theodoric II of Orleans Jan 27
+ 1022. A monk at Saint-Pierre-le-Vif in Sens in France, he became Bishop of Orleans.

Vitalian Jan 27 (In the East July 23)
+ 672. Pope of Rome from 657 to 672. He was much troubled by Monothelitism. He consecrated Theodore of Tarsus as Archbishop of Canterbury in 668.

January 28

Antimus Jan 28
8th cent. One of the first Abbots of Brantôme in France.

Brigid and Maura Jan 28
? Born in Scotland, they were martyred in Picardy in France while on pilgrimage to Rome.

Cannera (Cainder, Kinnera) Jan 28
+ c 530. A holy virgin who lived as an anchoress near Bantry in Ireland. She reposed after visiting St Senan and receiving communion. She was buried on St Senan’s island off Enniscorthy.

Flavian Jan 28
+ c 304. A deputy-prefect of Rome who was martyred in Civita Vecchia in Italy under Diocletian.

Glastian Jan 28
+ 830. The patron saint of Kinglassie in Fife in Scotland. He made peace between the Picts and the Scots.

John of Reomay (Réomé) Jan 28
425-539. Born in Dijon in France, he became a hermit in Reomay. When disciples gathered around him, he fled and became a monk at Lérins. Here he learnt the traditions of St Macarius and on his return to Reomay, he and the monastery he founded there lived according to them.

Odo of Beauvais Jan 28
801-880. Born near Beauvais in France, he gave up a military career to become a monk at Corbie. In 861 he became a very influential Bishop of Beauvais.

Valerius Jan 28
+ 315. Bishop of Saragossa in Spain, with whom St Vincent served as deacon. He was arrested and exiled under Diocletian but survived and reposed in peace in his city.

January 29

Aquilinus Jan 29
+ 650. Born in Bavaria, he fled from the prospect of the episcopate in Cologne, went to Paris and then Milan, preaching against Arianism. He was martyred for this by the Arians. His relics were venerated in Milan in Italy.

Blath (Flora) Jan 29
+ 523. A cook at St Brigid’s convent in Kildare where she was honoured as a holy woman.

Caesarius Jan 29
1st cent. A deacon in Angouleme in France under its first bishop St Ausonius.

Constantius and Companions Jan 29
+ 170. Constantius, first Bishop of Perugia in Italy, was martyred with numerous members of his flock under Marcus Aurelius.

Dallan Forgaill (of Cluain Dallain) Jan 29
+ 598. A relative of St Aidan of Ferns, he was born in Connaught in Ireland. He was martyred at Inis-coel by pirates.

Gildas the Wise Jan 29
+ c 570. Born in the year the Britons defeated the Saxons at Bath, he was a disciple of St Illtyd. Towards the end of his life, he went to Brittany and lived as a hermit on the island of Rhuys. St Gildas is famous for a work on the sufferings of his homeland, De excidiis Britanniae.

Papias and Maurus Jan 29
+ c 303. Soldiers martyred in Rome under Maximian.

Sabinian (Savinien) Jan 29
+ ? 275. A martyr honoured in Troyes in France, having suffered there in one of the early persecutions, perhaps under Aurelian. Tradition relates that he came from Samos in Greece from where he had fled with his sister St Sabina.

Sulpicius (I) Jan 29
+ 591. Bishop of Bourges in France from 584 to 591.

Valerius Jan 29
+ c 320. Second Bishop of Trier in Germany.

Voloc Jan 29
+ c 724. A bishop from Ireland who worked in Scotland.

January 30

Aldegund Jan 30
630-684. Sister of St Waldetrudis, Abbess of Mons in Belgium. She founded the convent of Maubeuge in the north of France.

Amnichad (Amnuchad) Jan 30
+ 1043. Born either in Ireland or in Scotland, he travelled to Germany and became a monk and then a hermit at Fulda.

Armentarius Jan 30
+ c 451. First Bishop of Antibes in Provence in France. An old church is dedicated to him in Draguignan.

Armentarius Jan 30
+ c 711. Bishop of Pavia in Italy.

Bathildis Jan 30
+ 680. Born in England, she was sold as a slave to the mayor of the palace of the Kingdom of Neustria. In 649 King Clovis II married her and she became the mother of three future kings. After her husband’s death, she was regent of France (656-664). When Clotaire III came of age, she became a nun at the convent of Chelles which she had founded.

Felician, Philappian and Companions Jan 30
? A group of one hundred and twenty-six martyrs in North Africa.

Martina Jan 30
+ 228. A martyr in Rome under Alexander Severus.

Savina (Sabina) Jan 30
+ 311. Born in Milan in Italy, she ministered to martyrs in prison and buried their bodies during the persecution of Diocletian

Tudy (Tudclyd, Tybie) Jan 30
5th century? A virgin in Wales. Llandydie church in Dyfed is named after her.

January 31

Adamnan Jan 31
+ c 680. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at Coldingham, now in Scotland.

Aidan (Maedoc) Jan 31
+ 626. The first Bishop of Ferns in Co. Wexford in Ireland where he also founded and became abbot of a monastery. In his youth he had become a monk under St David in Wales and later in life he returned to live there.

Athanasius Jan 31
+ c 885. Born in Catania in Sicily, during the invasion of the Saracens he fled to Patras in Greece, where he became a monk and eventually a bishop.

Bobinus Jan 31
+ c 766. Born in Aquitaine in France, he was a monk at Moutier-la-Celle. Later he became Bishop of Troyes (760).

Eusebius Jan 31
+ 884. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at St Gall in Switzerland and later lived as a hermit on Mt St Victor in the Vorarlberg. While denouncing godlessness, he was struck with a scythe and killed. As a result he was venerated as a martyr.

Geminian of Modena Jan 31
+ 348. Deacon and later successor of the Bishop of Modena. He gave refuge to St Athanasius the Great when he came through Italy on his way to exile in Gaul. Geminian bravely opposed Jovinianism.

John Angelus Jan 31
+ c 1050. Born in Venice in Italy, he became a monk at Pomposa.

Julius of Novara Jan 31
+ c 390. Julius was a priest and his brother Julian a deacon. Together they converted heathen temples into Christian churches.

Madoes (Madianus) Jan 31
? A saint who has left his name to a place in the Carse of Gowrie in Scotland.

Marcella Jan 31
325-410. A noblewoman of Rome, as a widow she turned her home into a house-church and she devoted herself to prayer and almsgiving. When Alaric sacked Rome, Marcella was cruelly scourged as the Goths thought that she had hidden her wealth. In reality she had already distributed it to the poor. She died shortly after from the effects of this treatment.

Ulphia (Wulfia, Olfe, Wulfe) Jan 31
8th cent. By tradition she lived as a hermitess near Amiens in France, her spiritual father being the hermit St Domitius. A convent was later built on the site of her tomb.

Wilgils Jan 31
7th cent. Father of St Willibrord, born in Northumbria in England, he settled on the banks of the River Humber and lived as a hermit.

February 1

Brigid (Bridget, Bride) Feb 1
c 450-c 525. Born in Faughart near Dundalk, she became a nun when still young and founded a convent in Kildare, the first in Ireland. Her life is associated with mercy and pity for the poor. A greatly venerated saint, she is the second patron-saint of Ireland after St Patrick.

Brigid Feb 1
9th cent. Sister of St Andrew, Abbot of St Donatus in Fiesole in Tuscany in Italy. She was carried to her brother’s deathbed by angels and reposed as an anchoress in the Apennines.

Cinnia Feb 1
5th cent. A princess of Ulster in Ireland who was converted by St Patrick and became a nun.

Clarus Feb 1
+ c 1048. An ascetic and hermit in Seligenstadt near Mainz in Germany.

Crewenna Feb 1
5th cent. Born in Ireland, he went to Cornwall where the place name Crowan recalls him.

Darlugdach (Dardulacha, Derlugdach) Feb 1
+ c 524. Successor of St Brigid as second Abbess of Kildare in Ireland.

Jarlath (Hierlath) Feb 1
+ c 480. A disciple of St Patrick, he succeeded St Benignus as Bishop of Armagh in Ireland.

Kinnia Feb 1
5th cent. A virgin baptised by St Patrick and venerated in Co. Louth in Ireland.

Paul of Trois-Châteaux Feb 1
+ c 405. Born in Rheims in France, he became a hermit near Arles and was chosen Bishop of Trois-Châteaux in the Dauphiné

Perpetua, Felicity, Saturus (Satyrus), Saturninus, Revocatus and Secundulus March 7 (in the East Feb 1)
+ 203. Vivia Perpetua was a young married woman of good social position. Felicity, also married, was a slave. The others were catechumens and Saturus perhaps their instructor. All were imprisoned together in Carthage in North Africa as a law of Septimus Severus forbade conversions to the faith. Secundulus died in prison: the others were thrown to the wild beasts in the amphitheatre on March 7. Their Acts were written by Saturus, one of the martyrs, and completed by an eyewitness.

Seiriol Feb 1
6th cent. A saint whose name is recalled by the island of Ynys-Seiriol (Puffin Island) off Anglesey in Wales where remains of his small monastery still exist.

Severus Feb 1
+ c 348. Born in Ravenna in Italy, he became bishop of that city in 283 and attended the Council of Sardica in 344.

Severus Feb 1
+ c 690. Born of poor parents in the Cotentin in the north of France, he became Abbot and Bishop of Avranches. Before his repose he returned to monastic life.

Sigebert Feb 1
631-656. Sigebert III was King of Austrasia, now eastern France. He lived piously but reposed at the age of twenty-five. He was revered as the founder of numerous hospitals, churches and monasteries, among them Stavelot and Malmédy in Belgium.

Ursus Feb 1
6th cent. Born in Ireland, he preached against Arianism in the south of France and later went to Aosta in Italy.

February 2

Adalbald Feb 2
+ 652. Born in Flanders in Belgium, he was a son or grandson of St Gertrude of Hamage. He married a lady named Rictrude, who is also venerated as a saint together with their four children, Maurontius, Clotsindis, Eusebia and Adalsindis. Adalbald was murdered by relatives of his wife who disapproved of the marriage and he was venerated as a martyr.

Adeloga (Hadeloga) Feb 2
+ c 745. A princess who became the first Abbess of Kitzingen in Germany.

Apronian Feb 2
+ c 304. A Roman executioner who was converted to Orthodoxy when taking the martyr St Sisinnius before the tribunal and was then himself martyred.

Columbanus Feb 2
+ 959. Born in Ireland, he lived as a hermit near the church of Saint-Bavo in Ghent in Belgium.

Ebsdorf (Martyrs of) Feb 2
+ 880. In 880 a Christian army was caught in the ice and snow and was defeated by pagan Norsemen at Ebsdorf in the north of Germany. Among them, St Bruno and four bishops, eleven nobles and many others were slain and venerated as martyrs.

Feock Feb 2
? A saint recalled by a church dedication in Cornwall.

Flosculus (Flou) Feb 2
+ c 480. Bishop of Orleans in France.

Laurence of Canterbury Feb 2
+ 619. Sent by St Gregory the Great to England, St Augustine sent him back to Rome to report on the English mission and to bring more help. The second Archbishop of Canterbury from 604, he suffered during the pagan reaction and thought of fleeing to France. He was rebuked by the Apostle Peter in a dream and in the end succeeded in converting Eadbald.

Marquard Feb 2
+ 880. A monk at New Corbey in Saxony, he was Bishop of Hildesheim from 874 to 880 and was martyred with others at Ebsdorf in Germany.

Theodoric Feb 2
+ 880. Third Bishop of Ninden in Germany.

February 3

Anatolius Feb 3
9th cent. A bishop in Scotland, he went to Rome on pilgrimage and settled as a hermit in Salins in the Jura in France, where at a later date a church was dedicated to him.

Ansgar (Anschar) Feb 3
801-865. Born near Amiens in France, as a child he became a monk at Old Corbie in Picardy. He then went to New Corbie in Saxony, from where he was taken by King Harold of Denmark to enlighten the heathen Danes. He toiled there as Archbishop of Hamburg for thirteen years and his mission extended to Sweden, Norway and the north of Germany.

Berlinda (Berlindis, Bellaude) Feb 3
+ 702. A niece of St Amandus, she became a nun at Moorsel near Alost in Belgium and later an anchoress in Meerbeke.

Caellainn (Caoilfionn) Feb 3
? 6th cent. A church in Roscommon in Ireland is dedicated to her.

Celerinus Feb 3
+ c 250. Born in North Africa, he earned the title of martyr on account of the sufferings he endured under Decius during a visit to Rome. Freed, he returned to Carthage, where he was ordained deacon and later a church was dedicated to him.

Deodatus Feb 3
8th cent. A monk at Lagny in France.

Felix, Symphronius (Sempronius), Hippolytus and Companions Feb 3
? A group of martyrs in North Africa.

Hadelin Feb 3
+ c 690. Born in Gascony in France, he followed St Remaclus to Solignac, Maastricht and Stavelot and founded the monastery of Chelles, also in Belgium. He lived as a hermit near Dinant on the Meuse.

Ia (Hia, Ives) Feb 3
+ 450. Born in Ireland and the sister of St Ercus, she went to Cornwall with Sts Fingar, Piala and others and was martyred at the mouth of the River Hayle. The town of St Ives is called after her.

Laurence the Illuminator Feb 3
+ 576. A Syrian driven by the Monophysite persecution to Italy, there he was ordained and founded a monastery near Spoleto. He was bishop for twenty years, but then founded the monastery of Farfa in the Sabine hills near Rome. St Laurence was renowned as a peacemaker. His title derives from his gift of healing blindness, both spiritual and physical.

Laurentinus, Ignatius and Celerina Feb 3
3rd cent. Martyrs in North Africa. Sts Laurentinus and Ignatius were uncles and St Celerina was an aunt of the deacon St Celerinus.

Liafdag Feb 3
c 980. He became Bishop in Jutland in Denmark and met the needs of the growing number of Orthodox there but was martyred by pagans.

Lupicinus and Felix Feb 3
5th cent. Bishops of Lyons in France.

Oliver (Oliverius, Liberius) Feb 3
+ c 1050. A monk at Santa Maria di Portonuovo in Ancona in Italy.

Philip of Vienne Feb 3
+ c 578. Bishop of Vienne in France (c 560-578).

Remedius Feb 3
? Bishop of Gap in France.

Tigides and Remedius Feb 3
6th century? Two bishops who succeeded one another in Gap in France.

Werburgh Feb 3
+ c 699. Daughter of St Ermenhild and King Wulfhere of Mercia. She became a nun at Ely under St Etheldred (Audrey) and later founded three convents. She reposed at Trentham but her body was transferred to Chester, of which she is the patron saint.

Werburgh Feb 3
+ c 785. A widow who became a nun, probably at Bardney in England, where she later became abbess.

February 4

Aldate Feb 4
6th cent? Famed for his resistance to the heathen invaders of Britain, in some accounts he is called Bishop of Gloucester, now in England.

Aquilinus, Geminus, Gelasius, Magnus and Donatus Feb 4
3rd cent. Martyrs in ‘Forum Sempronii’, which has been interpreted as Fossombrone in central Italy.

Aventinus of Chartres Feb 4
+ c 520. Bishop of Chartres in France, he succeeded his brother, St Solemnis.

Aventinus of Troyes Feb 4
+ c 538. Born in central France, he acted as almoner to St Lupus, Bishop of Troyes, until he left to live as a hermit. The place where he lived is now called Saint-Aventin.

Eutychius Feb 4
4th cent. A martyr in Rome under Diocletian. He was left in prison for twelve days without food and then thrown into a well.

Liephard Feb 4
+ 690? According to tradition he was born in England and was a bishop and companion of King Cadwalla during the latter’s pilgrimage to Rome. While returning to England, Liephard was murdered near Cambrai in France.

Modan Feb 4
? 6th cent. Born in Ireland, he preached at Stirling and along the Forth in Scotland and later lived as a hermit near Dumbarton.

Nithard Feb 4
+ 845. A monk at Corbie in Saxony in Germany and a companion of St Ansgar whom he followed to Sweden as a missionary. He was martyred there by pagan Swedes.

Rembert Feb 4
+ 888. Born in Flanders, he became a monk at Turholt in Belgium He worked in Denmark with St Anschar and succeeded him as Bishop of Hamburg-Bremen (865).

Vincent of Troyes Feb 4
+ c 546. Bishop of Troyes in France c 536-546.

Vulgis Feb 4
+ c 760. Bishop and Abbot of Lobbes in Belgium.

February 5

Adelaide Feb 5
+ c 1015. Abbess of Willich near Bonn in Germany and of Our Lady of the Capitol in Cologne. Both convents were founded by her father.

Agatha Feb 5
+ 1024. Wife of the Count of Carinthia in Austria, she was a model of devotion and patience under the brutal ill-treatment of her jealous husband whom she later converted.

Agatha Feb 5
? Born in Catania in Sicily, where she was martyred. She was handed over to a prostitute and her breasts were cut off. The Apostle Peter healed her of this mutilation while she was in prison, where she subsequently reposed. The miracles by which she has preserved Catania from successive eruptions of Mt Etna are well accredited.

Agricola Feb 5
+ 420. The eleventh Bishop of Tongres in Belgium.

Avitus of Vienne Feb 5
+ c 520. Born in Auvergne in France, he was the brother of St Apollinaris, Bishop of Valence. Their father St Isychius, a Roman senator, had also been Bishop of Vienne. Avitus succeeded him. As a bishop he commanded the respect of his flock, both of the pagan Franks and the Arian Burgundians. He converted the Burgundian King, Sigismund. St Avitus was also a fine writer.

Bertulf Feb 5
+ 705. Born in Pannonia, he moved to Flanders in Belgium where he became Orthodox and a priest and founded a monastery.

Genuinus (Ingenuinus) and Albinus Feb 5
7th cent. A Bishop of Sabion near Brixen in the Tyrol in Austria. He is commemorated with St Albinus, Bishop of Brixen in the 11th century.

Indract Feb 5
+ c 710. Born in Ireland, on his return from a pilgrimage to Rome he was murdered by heathen with his sister St Dominica (Drusa) and others near Glastonbury in England. Their relics were enshrined there.

Modestus Feb 5
+ c 722. A monk in Salzburg, he became Bishop of Carinthia in Austria and was largely responsible for its enlightenment.

Vodoaldus (Voel, Vodalus, Vodalis) Feb 5
+ c 725. Born in Ireland, he went to France and reposed as a hermit near Soissons.

February 6

Amandus of Elnon Feb 6
c 675. Born near Nantes in France, he lived as a hermit in Bourges for fifteen years. At the age of thirty-three he became a bishop and preached in Flanders in Belgium, Carinthia in Austria and among the Basques in Spain. He founded many monasteries in all these places, of which the best known is Elnon near Tournai, where he went in his old age and reposed aged over ninety.

Andrew of Elnon Feb 6
+ c 690. A monk and disciple of St Amandus at Elnon in France, whom he succeeded as Abbot. His relics were enshrined together with those of St Amandus in 694.

Antholian (Anatolianus) Feb 6
c 265. Mentioned by St Gregory of Tours as one of the martyrs of Auvergne in France under Valerian and Gallienus. Fellow-sufferers were Sts Cassius, Maximus, Liminius and Victorinus.

Mel (Melchno) Feb 6
+ c 490. By tradition one of the four nephews of St Patrick ( Mel, Melchu, Munis and Rioch), sons of Conis and Darerca, St Patrick’s sister. They accompanied St Patrick to Ireland, St Mel becoming the first Bishop of Ardagh.

Mun Feb 6
5th cent. A nephew of St Patrick who consecrated him bishop. He ended his days as a hermit on an island in Lough Ree in Ireland.

Relindis (Renildis, Renula, Renule) Feb 6
+ c 750. A nun together with her sister Herlindis in Valenciennes, she was gifted in embroidery and painting. On her sister’s repose, she became Abbess of Maaseik in Belgium.

Tanco (Tancho, Tatta) Feb 6
+ 808. Born in Ireland, he became Abbot of Amalbarich in Saxony and eventually Bishop of Werden in Germany. He was martyred by pagans whose savage customs he had denounced.

Vedast (Vaast, Vaat, Gaston, Foster) Feb 6
+ 539. He preached with St Remigius to convert the Franks. He was Bishop of Arras-Cambrai in the north of France for nearly forty years. He instructed King Clovis for baptism, built churches and cared for the poor.

February 7

Amulwinus Feb 7
+ c 750. Bishop of Lobbes in Belgium and the successor of St Erminus (+ 737).

Anatolius Feb 7
? Bishop of Cahors in France.

Augulus (Augurius, Aule) Feb 7
+ c 303. An early martyr and bishop, probably in France, though some have suggested London in England.

Chrysolius Feb 7
4th cent. An Armenian who enlightened the north-east of France, where he became bishop and was martyred. Having left Armenia during the persecution of Diocletian, he won martyrdom in Flanders. His relics were venerated in Bruges in Belgium.

Fidelis Feb 7
+ c 570. Eastern by origin, he travelled to Spain with some merchants and settled in Mérida, where he became a disciple of St Paul, bishop of the city, whom he later succeeded.

Juliana of Bologna Feb 7
+ 435. A matron in Bologna in Italy whose piety and charity were praised by St Ambrose of Milan. Her husband left her to become a priest with her consent and she devoted herself to bringing up her four children and to the service of the Church and the poor.

Laurence of Siponto Feb 7
+ c 546. Called Majoranus. Bishop of Siponto in Italy from 492, he built the church of St Michael on Mt Gargano.

Meldon (Medon) Feb 7
6th cent. From Ireland, he became a hermit in France and reposed at Péronne.

Richard Feb 7
+ 720. An noble from the west of England and father of Sts Willibald, Winebald and Walburga. He reposed at Lucca on a pilgrimage to Rome.

Tressan (Trésain) Feb 7
+ 550. A missionary from Ireland, he was ordained priest by St Remigius and preached in Mareuil on the Marne in France.

February 8

Cuthman Feb 8
9th cent. A confessor who lived a holy life as a shepherd near Steyning in Sussex in England. The church there was dedicated to him.

Elfleda (Aelflaed) Feb 8
+ 714. Daughter of Oswy, King of Northumbria in England. She was offered to God as a child at the convent of Hartlepool. She then went to Whitby with St Hilda and succeeded her mother Enfleda as abbess there. She was one of the most influential people of her time.

Honoratus of Milan Feb 8
+ 570. Appointed Bishop of Milan in Italy in 567, at a time when much trouble was caused by Arianism and the Lombard invasion. He was driven out of Milan by barbarians

Jacut and Guethenoc Feb 8
5th cent. Sons of Sts Fragan and Gwen and brothers of St Gwenaloe. They became disciples of St Budoc and were driven from Britain to Brittany.

Juventius of Pavia Feb 8 and Sept 12
1st cent. (?). The tradition is that St Hermagoras, Bishop of Aquileia and disciple of the Apostle Mark, sent Sts Syrus and Juventius to preach the Gospel in Pavia in Italy where the latter became the first bishop.

Kigwe (Kewe, Ciwa) Feb 8
6th or 7th cent. A saint venerated in Gwent in Wales.

Mary (Mileda, Mlada) Feb 8
+ 994. Daughter of Boleslav, Duke of Czechia. She founded the convent of St George in Prague.

Meingold Feb 8
10th cent. A holy man, Meingold lived in Huy on the Meuse and was venerated in Belgium

Nicetius (Nizier) of Besançon Feb 8
+ 611. Bishop of Besançon in France and a friend of St Columbanus of Luxeuil. He restored the episcopal see to Besançon after it had been transferred to Nyon on Lake Geneva after the invasion of the Huns.

Oncho (Onchuo) Feb 8
+ c 600. A pilgrim, poet, and guardian of holy relics and the Celtic tradition. While searching for memorials of the saints, he reposed at Clonmore monastery in Ireland and his body was enshrined there together with the relics which he had gathered.

Paul of Verdun Feb 8
+ c 649. A courtier who became a hermit on Mt Voge (now Paulberg) near Trier in Germany. Later he became a monk at the monastery of Tholey and then Bishop of Verdun in France.

Paul, Lucius and Cyriacus Feb 8
? Martyrs in Rome.

February 9

Alexander Feb 9
A martyr of Rome who was accompanied in his confession and death by thirty-eight others.

Alto Feb 9
+ c 760. Born in Ireland, he went to Germany and settled as a hermit in a forest near Augsburg. There he founded a monastery, now called Altomünster after him.

Ammon, Emilian, Lassa and Companions Feb 9
? A group of forty-four Christians martyred in Membressa in Africa.

Anshert Feb 9
+ c 700. From being Chancellor at the Court of Clotaire III he became a monk at Fontenelle in the north of France. He was chosen third abbot and in 683 became Bishop of Rouen.

Cronan the Wise Feb 9
? 8th cent. Called ‘the Wise’ on account of his knowledge of the canons.

Cuaran (Curvinus, Cronan) Feb 9
+ c 700. A bishop in Ireland, called ‘the Wise’, who hid his identity in order to become a monk at Iona, where he was recognised by St Columba.

Eingan (Einion, Eneon, Anianus) Feb 9
6th cent. A British prince who left Cumberland for Wales, he finished his days as a hermit at Llanengan near Bangor.

Nebridius Feb 9
+ c 527. Bishop of Egara near Barcelona in Spain, a city since destroyed.

Primus and Donatus Feb 9
+ 362. Two deacons in Lavallum in North Africa martyred by Donatists.

Sabinus Feb 9
+ c 566. Bishop of Canosa in Apulia in Italy and a friend of St Benedict. He was entrusted with an embassy (535-536) to the Emperor Justinian. He is the patron saint of Bari where his relics are now enshrined.

Teio (Teilio, Teilus, Thelian, Teilan, Teiou, Teliou, Dillo, Dillon) Feb 9
6th cent. Probably born in Penally near Tenby in Wales. He was a disciple of St Dyfrig and a friend of Sts David and Samson. He founded Llandaff monastery (Landeio Fawr) in Dyfed where he was buried.

February 10

Austreberta Feb 10
630-704. Born near Thérouanne in Artois in the north of France, she was the daughter of St Framechildis and Count Badefrid. She became a nun with St Omer in Abbeville where she became Abbess. She was also blessed as Abbess of Pavilly.

Baldegundis Feb 10
+ c 580. Abbess of Saint-Croix in Poitiers in France.

Desideratus (Désiré) Feb 10 Feb 11
6th cent. Successor of St Avitus as Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne in France

Erluph Feb 10
+ 830. Probably born in Ireland, he became Bishop of Werden in Germany and was martyred by pagans.

Merewenna Feb 10
+ c 970. Abbess of Romsey, a convent in Hampshire in the south of England.

Prothadius (Protagius) Feb 10
+ 624. The successor of St Nicetius as Bishop of Besançon in France.

Rome (Martyrs of) Feb 10
? 250. Ten soldiers martyred on the Via Lavicana in Rome.

Salvius Feb 10
+ 962. Abbot of Albelda in the north of Spain.

Scholastica Feb 10
c 480-c 543. Sister of St Benedict. She became a nun and lived near Montecassino. St Gregory in his Dialogues (2,33), says that St Benedict saw her soul ascend to heaven in the semblance of a dove.

Silvanus Feb 10
? Bishop of Terracina in Italy.

Soteris Feb 10
+ 304. A virgin-martyr in Rome under Diocletian. She seems to have been related to St Ambrose who often mentioned her.

Trumwin Feb 10
+ c 704. Appointed in 681 by St Theodore and King Edfrid as Bishop of the Southern Picts in Scotland, he set up his diocese at the monastery of Abercorn on the Firth of Forth. In 685 King Egfrid was killed by the Picts and St Trumwin and all his monks had to flee. He retired to Whitby in England and lived an exemplary monastic life there.

Zoticus, Irenaeus, Hyacinth, Amantius and Companions Feb 10
+ 120. A group of ten soldiers martyred in Rome and buried on the Via Lavicana.

February 11

Africa, Martyrs of North-West Africa Feb 11
+ c 303. Martyrs known as the ‘Guardians of the Holy Scriptures’.. They preferred martyrdom to giving up the sacred books to be burnt. They suffered under Diocletian.

Benedict of Aniane Feb 11
c 750-821. A Visigoth, by name Witiza, he was born in Languedoc in France. In 773 he became a monk at Saint-Seine near Dijon and in 779 founded a monastery in Languedoc by a stream called Aniane. The Emperor asked him to oversee monasteries in Languedoc, Provence and Gascony and eventually all those in French and Germany.

Caedmon Feb 11
+ c 680. A Northumbrian, who worked at the monastery of Whitby in England as a farm-labourer. He was the first Englishman to write Orthodox hymns.

Calocerus Feb 11
+ c 130. A disciple of St Apollinaris, whom he succeeded as Bishop of Ravenna in Italy.

Desideratus (Désiré) Feb 10 Feb 11
6th cent. Successor of St Avitus as Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne in France

Desiderius Feb 11
+ 608. Born in Autun he became Bishop of Vienne in France. He defended Orthodox values and was murdered for this at the place now called Saint-Didier-sur-Chalaronne.

Gobnata (Gobnet) Feb 11
? 6th cent. Abbess of a convent in Ballyvourney in Co. Cork in Ireland. A holy well named after her still exists there.

Gregory II Feb 11
669-731. Born in Rome, he was librarian and archivist of the Roman Church, when he was chosen Pope in 715. He is famous for encouraging the spreading of the Gospel among the Germanic peoples, to whom he sent St Boniface and St Corbinian. He restored several Italian monasteries, notably Montecassino. He also opposed Iconoclasm and checked the advancing Lombards.

Lazarus of Milan Feb 11
+ c 450. Archbishop of Milan in Italy, he defended his flock from the Ostrogoths.

Priscus, Castrensis, Tammarus, Rosius, Heraclius, Secundinus, Adjutor, Mark, Augustus, Elpidius, Canion and Vindonius Sept 1 and Feb 11
5th cent? Priscus, a bishop in North Africa, and his priests were cast adrift in a boat by the Arian Vandals. They reached the south of Italy, where eventually Priscus became Bishop of Capua.

Saturninus, Dativus, Felix, Ampelius, Victoria and Companions Feb 11
+ 304. A group of forty-six martyrs in Albitina in North Africa. They were arrested at the liturgy and sent to Carthage for examination. Saturninus was a priest, and with him suffered his four children, Saturninus and Felix, readers, Mary, a virgin, and Hilarion, a young child. Dativus and another Felix were senators. Other names from this group which have come down to us are: Thelica, Ampelius, Emeritus, Rogatian and Victoria, a holy virgin of undaunted courage. The child Hilarion, when threatened by the magistrates while his companions were being tortured, replied: ‘Yes, torture me too; anyhow, I am a Christian’. They all died in prison.

Severinus Feb 11
+ ? 507. A Burgundian who became the Abbot of Agaunum in Switzerland.

February 12

Benedict Revelli Feb 12
c 900. A monk at Santa Maria dei Fonti in Italy and then a hermit on the island of Gallinaria in the Gulf of Genoa. In 870 he became Bishop of Albenga.

Damian Feb 12
? A martyr in Rome whose relics were found in the catacombs of St Callistus and sent to Salamanca in Spain.

Ethilwold Feb 12
+ c 740. A disciple of St Cuthbert, he was Abbot of Melrose in Scotland before becoming Bishop of Lindisfarne in England.

Eulalia (Aulaire, Aulazie, Olalla) of Barcelona Feb 12
+ c 304. Born in Barcelona in Spain, she was a virgin-martyr under Diocletian.

Gaudentius of Verona Feb 12
+ c 465. Bishop of Verona in Italy. His relics are enshrined in the ancient basilica of St Stephen in Verona.

Julian the Hospitaller Feb 12
? Also called ‘the Poor’. Tradition says that Julian killed his own parents in error. In repentance he and his wife went to Rome on pilgrimage and built a hospice by the side of a river where they tended the poor and the sick and rowed travellers across the river. For this reason he is venerated as the patron saint of boatmen, innkeepers and travellers.

Modestus Feb 12
+ c 304. A deacon, born in Sardinia and martyred under Diocletian. His relics were brought to Benevento in Italy in c 785.

Modestus Feb 12
2nd century? Modestus was martyred in Carthage in North Africa and venerated as the patron-saint of Cartagena in Spain.

February 13

Aimo (Aimonius) Feb 13
+ c 790. Founder of the convent of St Victor in Meda in the north of Italy.

Benignus Feb 13
+ c 303. A priest in Todi in Umbria in Italy martyred under Diocletian.

Dyfnog Feb 13
7th cent. Born in Wales, he was much venerated in Clwyd.

Ermenhild (Ermengild, Ermenilda) Feb 13
+ c 700. Daughter of King Erconbert of Kent and St Saxburgh. She married Wulfhere, the King of Mercia. On his death, she joined her mother at Minster-in-Sheppey, eventually succeeding her as abbess. She then went to Ely where she also became abbess.

Fulcran Feb 13
+ 1006. Bishop of Lodève in Languedoc in France, famous for his asceticism. He was bishop for over half a century.

Fusca and Maura Feb 13
+ c 250. Two martyrs in Ravenna under Decius. Fusca was a young girl and Maura her nurse.

Gosbert Feb 13
+ c 859. The fourth Bishop of Osnabruck in Germany and a disciple of St Ansgar.

Huna Feb 13
+ c 690. A monk-priest in Ely in England under St Audrey (Etheldred) whom he helped in her last moments. He ended his life as a hermit in the fens near Chatteris, at a place now called Honey Farm after him.

Julian of Lyons Feb 13
? A martyr venerated in Lyons in France.

Lucinus (Lezin) Feb 13
+ c 618. Bishop of Angers in France.

Modomnock (Domnoc, Dominic) Feb 13
+ c 550. A disciple of St David in Wales and later a hermit in Tibraghny in Ireland.

Stephen of Lyons Feb 13
+ 512. Bishop of Lyons in France, he was active in converting the Arian Burgundians to Orthodoxy.

Stephen of Rieti Feb 13
+ c 590. An Abbot in Rieti in Italy whom St Gregory the Great describes as ‘rude of speech but of cultured life’.

February 14

Antoninus of Sorrento /
+ 830. A monk in one of the daughter monasteries of Montecassino in Italy. Forced to leave his monastery by the wars raging in the country, he became a hermit, until he was invited by the people of Sorrento to live among them. He did so as Abbot of St Agrippinus. He is now venerated as the patron-saint of that town.

Conran Feb 14
? A holy bishop of the Orkney Islands.

Eleuchadius Feb 14
2nd cent. A Greek, he was converted by St Apollinaris of Ravenna in Italy and succeeded St Adheritus as third Bishop of that city.

Nostrianus Feb 14
+ c 450. Bishop of Naples in Italy and a valiant opponent of Arianism and Pelagianism.

Proculus, Ephebus and Apollonius Feb 14
+ 273. Martyrs in Terni in Italy.

Theodosius Feb 14
+ 554. Bishop of Vaison in France and predecessor of St Quinidius.

Valentine Feb 14
+ 269. A priest and doctor in Rome martyred probably under Claudius the Goth and buried on the Flaminian Way. In 350 a church was built over his tomb.

Valentine Feb 14
+ c 269. A Bishop of Terni in Italy martyred under Claudius the Goth.

Vitalis, Felicula and Zeno Feb 14
? Early martyrs in Rome.

February 15

Agape Feb 15
c 273. A virgin-martyr in Terni in Italy. She belonged to a group of virgins formed by St Valentine into a community.

Berach (Barachias, Berachius) Feb 15
6th cent. From his birth he was cared for by his uncle St Freoch. Afterwards he became a disciple of St Kevin and founded a monastery at Clusin-Coirpte in Connaught. He is the patron-saint of Kilbarry near Dublin in Ireland.

Craton and Companions Feb 15
+ c 273. Converted to Christ by St Valentine, Bishop of Terni. He was martyred in Rome together with his wife and family.

Decorosus Feb 15
+ 695. For thirty years Bishop of Capua in Italy.

Dochow (Dochau, Dogwyn) Feb 15
? 473. He travelled from Wales to Cornwall and founded a monastery there and may have become a bishop.

Druthmar Feb 15
+ 1046. A monk at Lorsch, in 1014 he became Abbot of Corvey in Saxony in Germany

Farannan Feb 15
+ c 590. A disciple of St Columba at Iona in Scotland. Eventually he returned to Ireland to lead the life of a hermit at All-Farannan, now Allernan, in Sligo.

Faustinus and Jovita Feb 15
2nd cent. Two brothers, belonging to the nobility of Brescia in Italy, zealous preachers of Orthodoxy, they were beheaded in their native city under Hadrian.

Faustus Feb 15
6th cent. A disciple of St Benedict at Montecassino in Italy.

Georgia Feb 15
+ c 500. A holy virgin and later anchoress near Clermont in Auvergne in France.

Quinidius Feb 15
+ c 579. After living as a hermit in Aix in Provence, he became Bishop of Vaison in France.

Saturninus, Castulus, Magnus and Lucius Feb 15
+ 273. These martyrs belonged to the flock of St Valentine, Bishop of Terni in Italy.

Severus Feb 15
+ c 530. A priest from the Abruzzi in Italy. St Gregory the Great relates that he brought a dead man back to life so that he could receive communion and unction.

Sigfrid Feb 15
+ c 1045. A priest and monk, probably at Glastonbury in England. He went to enlighten Sweden and was based in Vaxjo. One of his converts was King Olaf of Sweden.

Walfrid (Gualfredo) della Gherardesca Feb 15
+ c 765. Born in Pisa in Italy, he married and had five sons and one daughter. In later life he joined two other married men in founding the monastery of Palazzuolo and a convent nearby for their wives and Walfrid’s daughter. Walfrid was the first abbot and was succeeded by one of his sons.

Winaman, Unaman and Sunaman Feb 15
+ c 1040. Monks and nephews of St Sigfrid whom they followed to Sweden. They were martyred by pagans.

February 16

Faustinus Feb 16
+ 381. The successor of St Ursicinus about the year 360, as Bishop of Brescia in Italy. He was a descendant of Sts Faustinus and Jovita and compiled their Acts.

Honestus Feb 16
+ 270. Born in Nimes in France, he was ordained priest and sent to Spain by St Saturninus to preach the Gospel, which he did with success. He was martyred in Pampeluna.

Onesimus Feb 16
+ c 90. The slave who ran away from his master Philemon, was converted by St Paul in Rome and was the occasion of the Apostle’s letter to Philemon.

February 17

Donatus, Secundian, Romulus and Companions Feb 17
+ 304. A group of eighty-nine martyrs who suffered under Diocletian. They were martyred in Porto Gruaro, not far from Venice in Italy.

Faustinus and Companions Feb 17
? A group of forty-five martyrs honoured in Rome.

Finan Feb 17
+ 661. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at Iona in Scotland and succeeded St Aidan in the Northumbrian Church. With St Cedd and others he enlightened parts of the south of England.

Fintan Feb 17
+ 603. A disciple of St Columba, he led the life of a hermit in Clonenagh in Leix in Ireland. Soon numerous disciples attached themselves to this ascetic and he became their abbot.

Fortchern Feb 17
? 6th cent. Bishop of Trim in Ireland, he later lived as a hermit.

Guevrock (Gueroc), Kerric) Feb 17
6th cent. A Briton who followed St Tudwal to Brittany and succeeded him as Abbot of Loc-Kirec. He also helped St Paul of Léon.

Habet-Deus Feb 17
+ c 500. Bishop of Luna in Tuscany in Italy, a city now in ruins. He was probably martyred by the Arian Vandals.

Loman (Luman) Feb 17
+ c 450. A nephew of St Patrick and the first Bishop of Trim in Meath in Ireland.

Silvinus Feb 17
+ c 720. A courtier who gave up his worldly life to preach the Gospel. He enlightened the area near Thérouanne in the north of France. After some forty years of unceasing work, during which he paid the ransoms of many slaves, he went to the monastery of Auchy-les-Moines, where he lived the few remaining years of his life as a monk.

February 18

Angilbert Feb 18
c 740-814. His early life was worldly, but later he became a model Abbot of St Riquier in the north of France where there were some 300 monks.

Colman of Lindisfame Feb 18
+ 676. Born in Connaught in Ireland, he became a monk at Iona in Scotland. He was then chosen as third Abbot of Lindisfarne in England. He later returned to Ireland, founding a monastery on Innisboffin Island for Irish monks and a monastery for English monks (Mayo of the Saxons).

Ethelina (Eudelme) Feb 18
? The patroness of Little Sodbury, now in Gloucestershire in England.

Helladius of Toledo Feb 18
+ 632. Born in Toledo in Spain, he served at the court of the Visigothic Kings. He loved to visit the monastery of Agali (Agallia) near Toledo on the banks of the Tagus. Eventually he became a monk there and then abbot (605). In 615 he became Archbishop of Toledo.

Leo the Great Nov 10 (In the East Feb 18)
+ 461. Probably born in Tuscany in Italy, he became Bishop of Rome in 440. He fought against many heresies. His celebrated Tomos defined the Orthodox belief in the Two Natures and One Person of Christ. It was acclaimed as the teaching of the Orthodox Church at the Council of Chalcedon in 451. The most famous event of his life was his meeting with Attila outside the gates of Rome which resulted in the salvation of the city in 452.

Lucius, Silvanus, Rutulus, Classicus, Secundinus, Fructulus and Maximus Feb 18
? Martyrs in North Africa.

Maximus, Claudius, Praepedigna, Alexander and Cutias Feb 18
+ 295. Martyrs in Rome who suffered under Diocletian.

February 19

Barbatus (Barbas) Feb 19
c 612-682. Born in Benevento in Italy, he rendered great service to his native town as a priest and then as bishop, especially when it was under siege. He took part in the Sixth Oecumenical Council in Constantinople at which Monothelitism was condemned.

Beatus Feb 19
+ 789. Born in Asturias in Spain, he became a monk at Liebana and was famous for his firm stand against Adoptionism. When Adoptionism was condemned, the saint went to the monastery of Valcavado and wrote his famous Commentary on the Apocalypse.

Gabinus Feb 19
+ c 295. A martyr in Rome who was related to the Emperor Diocletian, but was also the brother of Pope Gaius and father of the martyr St Susanna.

George of Lodève Feb 19
+ c 884. Born near Rodez in France, he became a monk at Saint-Foi-de-Conques in Rouergue but later moved to Vabres. He became Bishop of Lodève at an advanced age.

Mansuetus Feb 19
+ c 690. Born in Rome, he became Bishop of Milan in Italy (c 672) and showed both vigour and wisdom. He wrote a treatise against Monothelitism.

Odran Feb 19
+ c 452. A martyr in Ireland.

Publius, Julian, Marcellus and Companions Feb 19
? Martyrs in North Africa.

Quodvultdeus Feb 19
+ 450. Bishop of Carthage in North Africa, exiled by the Arian Genseric King of the Vandals, after the capture of the city in 439. He reposed in Naples in Italy.

Valerius Feb 19
+ c 450. Bishop of Antibes in the south of France.

February 20

Bolcan (Olcan) Feb 20
+ c 480. Baptised by St Patrick, Bolcan later became Bishop of Derkan in Ireland.

Colgan Feb 20
+ c 796. Called ‘the Wise’ and ‘the Chief Scribe of the Irish’. He was Abbot of Clonmacnoise in Offaly in Ireland.

Eleutherius of Tournai Feb 20
+ 532. Born in Tournai in Belgium, he became bishop there in 486 and enlightened the pagan Franks who had settled nearby. He died from wounds inflicted by Arian heretics.

Eucherius Feb 20
+ 743. Born in Orleans in France, he became a monk at Jumièges near Rouen in about 714. In 721 he became Bishop of Orleans, opposing the theft of church lands by Charles Martel. For this he was exiled to Cologne in Germany in 737. Here he became very popular and so was sent to Liège in Belgium. He spent the rest of his life at the monastery of St Trond near Maastricht in Holland.

Falco Feb 20
+ 512. Bishop of Maastricht in Holland from 495 on.

Leo of Catania Feb 20
703-787. Known in Sicily as St Leo the Wonderworker. He was a learned priest in Ravenna who became Bishop of Catania.

Valerius Feb 20
? First Bishop of Conserans in France.

February 21

Alexander of Adrumetum Feb 21
+ c 434. Martyred with others in North Africa.

Avitus II of Clermont Feb 21
+ 689. Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne in France from 676 to 689. He was one of the great bishops of the age.

Ercongotha Feb 21
+ 660. Daughter of King Erconbert of Kent and St Saxburgh. She became a nun at Faremoutiers-en-Brie under her aunt, St Ethelburgh, but reposed when very young.

Felix of Metz Feb 21
2nd cent. The third Bishop of Metz in France for over forty years.

Germanus and Randoald Feb 21
+ c 677. Born in Trier in Germany, he became a monk at Remiremont in the east of France. From there he went to Luxeuil and later he became Abbot of Granfield in the Val Moutier in Switzerland. Together with another monk, Randoald, he was martyred by the local magnate while interceding on behalf of the poor.

Gundebert (Gumbert, Gondelbert) Feb 21
+ c 676. Bishop of Sens in France, he left and went to the Vosges, where he founded the monastery of Senones (c 660).

Paterius Feb 21
+ 606. A monk, disciple and friend of St Gregory the Great. He became Bishop of Brescia in Lombardy in Italy and was a prolific writer.

Pepin of Landen Feb 21
+ c 646. Pepin, Duke of Brabant, he was the husband of St Ida and the father of St Gertrude of Nivelles and St Begga. He was described as ‘a lover of peace and the constant defender of truth and justice’.

Severus and Sixty-Two Companions Feb 21
3rd-4th cent. Martyrs in Syrmium in Pannonia.

Valerius Feb 21
+ 695. Born in Astorga in Spain, he became a monk and Abbot of San Pedro de Montes. He left several ascetic writings.

Verulus, Secundinus, Siricius, Felix, Servulus, Saturninus, Fortunatus and Companions Feb 21
+ c 434? Martyrs in North Africa, probably under the Vandals. Hadrumetum is given as the place of their martyrdom and their number as twenty-six.

February 22

Elwin Feb 22
6th cent. A holy man who accompanied St Breaca from Ireland to Cornwall.

John the Saxon Feb 22
+ 895. Born in Saxony in Germany, he became a monk and was asked by King Alfred to restore monasticism in England after the Danish attacks. He became Abbot of Athelney.

Maximian of Ravenna Feb 22
+ c 556. Consecrated Bishop of Ravenna in Italy in 546, he built the basilica of St Vitalis, which was dedicated in the presence of the Emperor Justinian and his wife Theodora. Holding a jewelled cross, he is depicted in mosaics standing next to the Emperor.

Paschasius Feb 22
+ c 312. The eleventh bishop of Vienne in France.

Raynerius (Raynier) Feb 22
+ c 967. A monk at Beaulieu near Limoges in France.

Telesphorus Jan 5 (In the East Feb 22)
+ c 136. A Greek who was Pope of Rome for ten years and was martyred under Hadrian.

February 23

Boswell (Boisil) Feb 23
+ c 661. Abbot of Melrose in Scotland. Sts Cuthbert and Egbert were among his monks. Both admired him greatly, as did St Bede. His favourite reading was the Gospel of St John.

Felix of Brescia Feb 23
+ c 650. The twentieth Bishop of Brescia in Italy. He was bishop for over forty years during which time he was occupied in fighting Arianism and other heresies.

Florentius of Seville Feb 23
+ c 485. A saint much venerated in Seville in Spain.

Jurmin Feb 23
653. An East Anglian prince, son or nephew of King Anna (634-654). His relics were enshrined at Bury St Edmunds in England.

Martha Feb 23
+ 251. A virgin-martyr beheaded in Astorga in Spain under Decius. Her relics are enshrined at Ribas de Sil and Ters.

Medrald (Mérald, Méraut) Feb 23
+ c 850. A monk at Saint-Evroult (Ebrulfus) of Ouche in France. Later he became Abbot of Vendôme.

Milburgh Feb 23
+ 715. The elder sister of St Mildred of Minster-in-Thanet in England and the second Abbess of Wenlock. Archbishop Theodore consecrated her as a nun. She had the gift of miracles and healing of the blind and lepers, as well as power over birds and the natural world.

Polycarp Feb 23
+ c 300. A priest in Rome noted for ministering to those in prison for their faith.

Romana Feb 23
+ 324. A virgin born in Rome who reposed at the age of eighteen while living as an anchoress in a cave on the banks of the Tiber in Italy.

Syncrotas, Antigonus, Rutilus, Libius, Senerotas and Rogatianus Feb 23
4th cent. Martyrs at Syrmium in Pannonia.

Willigis Feb 23
+ 1011. The son of a wheelwright, he became a priest at Hildesheim in Germany. Two years later he became Archbishop of Mainz. Although a statesman, Willigis was first and foremost a churchman and always remained humble and charitable to others.

February 24

Betto Feb 24
+ 918. A monk at Sainte Colombe in Sens in France. He became Bishop of Auxerre in 889.

Cumine the White Feb 24 or Oct 6
+ 669. Born in Ireland, he became Abbot of Iona and wrote a life of St Columba.

John the Harvester (Theristos) Feb 24
+ 1129. Of Calabrian parentage, he was born in Sicily, where his mother had been taken as a slave by the Saracens. He managed to escape to Calabria while still a child and there became a monk. Theristos, meaning harvester, refers to a miraculous harvest reaped by the saint.

Liudhard Feb 24
+ c 600. Chaplain and bishop of Queen Bertha of Kent. He may have played an important part in the conversion of King Ethelbert, preparing for the conversion of Kent.

Modestus Feb 24
+ 489. Bishop of Trier in Germany from 486 to 489. His relics are venerated in the church of St Matthias in Trier.

Montanus, Lucius, Julian, Victoricus, Flavian and Companions Feb 24
+ 259. A group of ten martyrs in North Africa, disciples of St Cyprian of Carthage, who suffered in that city under Valerian. The story of their imprisonment was told by themselves and that of their martyrdom by eyewitnesses.

Praetextatus (Prix) Feb 24
+ 586. Bishop of Rouen in France (550-586). For his courage in denouncing the wicked, he was cruelly persecuted and exiled. Recalled seven years later, he was martyred on Easter Sunday in his own church.

Primitiva (Primitivus) Feb 24
? An early martyr, probably in Rome.

February 25

Aldetrudis (Adeltrudis) Feb 25
+ c 696. Daughter of Sts Vincent Madelgarus and Waldetrudis and a niece of St Aldegund of Maubeuge in France, she was confided to her aunt’s care at this convent, where she became the second abbess.

Donatus, Justus, Herena and Companions Feb 25
3rd cent. A group of fifty martyrs who suffered in North Africa under Decius.

Ethelbert (Albert) of Kent Feb 25
560-616. King of Kent and High King of England, he protected St Augustine’s mission and may have been baptised by him as early as Pentecost 597. Though he never tried to force his subjects into Christianity, thousands followed his apostolic example.

Victor Feb 25
+ 995. A monk at St Gall in Switzerland who became a hermit in the Vosges in France where he reposed.

Walburgh (Walburga) Feb 25
c 710-779. Sister of Sts Willibald and Winebald. She became a nun at Wimborne in Dorset in England with St Tetta and followed St Lioba to Germany. She reposed as Abbess of Heidenheim, from where her relics were translated to Eichstätt. Miraculous healings come from the oil which still flows from the rock on which her shrine is placed.

February 26

Agricola Feb 26
+ c 594. Bishop of Nevers in France between 570 and 594.

Andrew of Florence Feb 26
+ c 407. Bishop of Florence in Italy.

Dionysius of Augsburg Feb 26
+ c 303. Venerated as the first Bishop of Augsburg in Germany. By tradition he was baptised and later consecrated bishop by St Narcissus. He was martyred under Diocletian.

Faustinian Feb 26
4th cent. The second Bishop of Bologna in Italy. He reorganised his diocese and lived to be a firm defender of Orthodoxy against Arianism.

Victor Feb 26
7th cent. A hermit in Arcis-sur-Aube in Champagne in France.

February 27

Alnoth Feb 27
+ c 700. A cowherd attached to St Werburgh’s monastery at Weedon in Northamptonshire in England. Later he lived as a hermit at Stowe near Bugbrooke and was martyred by robbers.

Baldomerus (Galmier) Feb 27
+ c 650. By trade a locksmith in Lyons in France, he entered the monastery of St Justus.

Comgan Feb 27
+ c 565. Abbot of Glenthsen or Killeshin in Ireland.

Herefrith Feb 27
+ 869? The relics of this Bishop of Lindsey, probably martyred by the Danes, were venerated at Thorney in Cambridgeshire in England.

Honorina (Honorine) Feb 27
? An early martyr in the north of France. Her relics are still venerated in Conflans Ste Honorine near Paris.

John of Gorze Feb 27
+ c 975. Born in Vandières near Metz in the east of France, after some years in the world, he made a pilgrimage to Rome. On his return he restored and entered the monastery of Gorze in Lorraine in 933. Emperor Otto I sent him as his ambassador to the Caliph Abd-er-Rahman of Cordoba, where he stayed for two years. In 960 he became Abbot of Gorze,.

Leander Feb 27
550-600. The elder brother of Sts Fulgentius, Isidore and Florentina. He entered a monastery in his early youth and was later sent to Constantinople on a diplomatic mission. There he met St Gregory the Great, who became a close friend. On his return to Spain, Leander became Archbishop of Seville. He revised and unified the Spanish liturgy, converted St Hermenegild and helped convert the Visigoths from Arianism. He was responsible for holding two national Councils at Toledo in 589 and 590.

February 28

Hilary (Hilarus) Feb 28
+ 468. Born in Sardinia, he became Pope of Rome in 461 and worked energetically against Nestorianism and Eutychianism and also consolidated the Church.

Llibio Feb 28
6th cent. The patron-saint of Llanlibio in Anglesey in Wales.

Macarius, Rufinus, Justus and Theophilus Feb 28
+ c 250. Potters by trade, they were martyred under Decius, perhaps in Rome, and were venerated in Bari and Bologna in Italy.

Maidoc (Madoc) Feb 28
6th cent. A sixth century bishop. Llanmadog in Wales was named after him.

Oswald Feb 28
+ 992. Born in England of a noble Danish family, he was the nephew of St Oda of Canterbury. He went to Fleury in France to learn from monastic life and later became Bishop of Worcester (961), identifying himself with St Dunstan and St Ethelwold in their efforts to revive monastic life in England. St Oswald founded monasteries at Ramsey and at Worcester. In 972 he became Archbishop of York. He repose on his knees after washing the feet of twelve poor people, as was his daily practice.

Romanus of Condat Feb 28
+ c 460. A Gallo-Roman who at the age of thirty-five went to live as a hermit in the Jura mountains, where he was followed by his brother St Lupicinus. Many disciples soon gathered round the two brothers, who then founded the monasteries of Condat (later known as Saint-Oyend) and Leuconne, over which they ruled together, and the convent of La Beaume (later called St-Romain-de-la-Roche) where their sister was abbess.

Ruellinus (Ruellin) Feb 28
6th cent. Successor of St Tudwal as Bishop of Tréguier in Brittany.

Sillan (Silvanus) Feb 28
+ c 610. A disciple of St Comgall in Bangor in Co. Down in Ireland and his second successor as abbot there.

March 1

Albinus (Aubin) March 1
+ c 554. Born in Vannes in Brittany. A monk and Abbot of Tincillac, he then became Bishop of Angers in France (c 529-554). He played an important role at the third Council of Orleans (538). The monastery of Saint-Aubin in Angers was dedicated to him. Saint-Aubin de Moeslain (Haute Maine) is also a place of pilgrimage.

David March 1
+ c 600. Born in south Wales, he founded a monastery in Mynyw (Menevia) in the far west and is honoured as the first bishop of what is now called St Davids. The monks lived a very ascetic life and their monastery became a seedbed of saints. He attended the Council of Brefi in c 545. The foundation of a dozen monasteries and many miracles are attributed to him. His relics survive and are enshrined in the Cathedral and he is the patron-saint of Wales.

Felix II March 1
+ 492. Born in Rome, he was an ancestor of St Gregory the Great. He was Pope of Rome from 483 on. He fought against Monophysitism and Eutychianism and also remedied the evils caused in Africa by numerous apostasies during the Vandal persecution.

Herculanus Nov 7 and March 1
+ 549. Bishop of Perugia in Italy, beheaded by soldiers of Totila of the Ostrogoths.

Hermes, Adrian and Companions March 1
+ c 290. Martyrs in Numidia in North Africa under Maximian Herculeus.

Leo Luke March 1
+ c 900. He became Abbot of Corleone in Sicily and is also honoured in Calabria in Italy. He died a centenarian after eighty years of monastic life.

Leo of Rouen March 1
c 856-900. Born in Carentan in France, he became Bishop of Rouen but later preached the Gospel in Navarre in Spain and the Basque provinces, which had been devastated by the Saracens. He was beheaded near Bayonne, where he is the patron-saint.

Leo, Donatus, Abundantius, Nicephorus and Companions March 1
? A group of thirteen martyrs who laid down their lives for Christ in North Africa.

Luperculus (Lupercus) March 1
300. Perhaps born in Spain, he was martyred under Diocletian. He is especially venerated in Tarbes in France.

Marnock (Marnanus, Marnan, Marnoc) March 1
+ c 625. Born in Ireland, he was with St Columba at Iona and later became a bishop, who reposed in Annandale and was much venerated on the Scottish border. He gave his name to Kilmarnock in Scotland.

Monan March 1
+ 874. A saint from St Andrew’s and a missionary in the Firth of Forth area in Scotland. He was killed by the Danes together with many companions.

Rome (Martyrs of) March 1
+ 269. Two hundred and sixty martyrs condemned to dig sand on the Salarian Way in Rome and later shot to death with arrows in the amphitheatre under Claudius II.

Rudesind (Rosendo) March 1
907-977. Born of a noble family in Galicia in Spain, he became Bishop of Mondoñedo and then of Compostella. In this capacity he opposed with equal success both the Vikings and the Saracens. Exiled from Compostella through an intrigue, he founded the monastery of Celanova and other monasteries.

Siviard March 1
+ c 729. A monk at Saint-Calais on the River Anisole in France. He succeeded his father as abbot of the monastery. He wrote the life of St Calais, the founder of the monastery.

Swithbert March 1
c 647-713. A monk from Northumbria in England who went to Friesland in Holland with St Willibrord in 690. He preached the Gospel here with success. In 693 he was consecrated bishop at Ripon and returned to preach along the right bank of the Rhine in Germany. His work here was undone by Saxon invaders and he withdrew to the small island of Kaiserswerth on the Rhine near Düsseldorf. Here in 710 he founded a monastery, where he reposed and where his relics are still venerated.

March 2

Campania (Martyrs of) March 2
6th cent. Martyrs in Italy under the Lombards, probably several hundred in number.

Chad (Ceadda) March 2
+ 673. Brother of St Cedd, he was a monk at Lindisfarne with St Aidan and in Ireland. On returning to England, he became Abbot of Lastingham. He became Bishop of York, but then out of humility agreed to go to Mercia as bishop. He lived in Lichfield and reposed there. His relics are preserved in the Cathedral dedicated to him in Birmingham.

Cynibil (Cynibild) March 2
7th cent. A brother of Sts Chad and Cedd who helped enlighten England

Fergna March 2
+ 637. Called ‘the White’, he was a relative and disciple of St Columba of Ireland and was his successor as Abbot of Iona in Scotland.

Gistilian (Gistlian) March 2
5th-6th cent. The uncle of St David and a monk at Menevia, or St Davids, in Wales.

Joavan March 2
+ c 570. A Romano-Briton who went to Brittany to live with his uncle St Paul of Léon, by whom he was consecrated bishop.

Jovinus and Basileus March 2
+ c 258. Two martyrs, who suffered in Rome under Gallienus and Valerian and were buried on the Latin Way.

Lombards (Martyrs under the) March 2
+ c 579. A group of eighty martyrs killed by the Lombards in Campania in Italy.

Paul, Heraclius, Secundilla and Januaria March 2
+ c 305. Martyrs who suffered under Diocletian at Porto Romano at the mouth of the Tiber in Italy.

Rome (Martyrs of) March 2
+ 219. A large number of martyrs martyred in Rome under Alexander Severus and the prefect Ulpian.

Slebhene (Slebhine) March 2
+ 767. A monk from Ireland, he became Abbot of Iona in Scotland from 752 to 767.

Willeic March 2
+ 726. A disciple of St Swithbert who made him Abbot of Kaiserwerth in Germany.

March 3

Anselm March 3
+ 803. Of noble origin, Anselm became a monk and founded one monastery in Fanano near Modena in Italy and a second one in Nonantola. He attached hospitals and hostels to both.

Arthelais March 3
6th cent. One of the patron-saints of Benevento in Italy, where she fled from Constantinople.

Calupan March 3
+ 575. A monk at Meallet in Auvergne in France, who lived as a hermit in a cave.

Camilla March 3
+ c 437. Born in Civitavecchia, he became a disciple of St Germanus of Auxerre in France, where she lived as an anchoress.

Cele-Christ March 3
+ c 728. St Cele-Christ, otherwise ‘Worshipper of Christ’, he lived as a hermit for many years, but was eventually forced to become a bishop in Leinster.

Cunegund March 3
+ 1039. Wife of Henry II, she founded the convent of Kaufungen, which she entered on the first anniversary of her husband’s death, showing great humility.

Felix, Luciolus, Fortunatus, Marcia and Companions March 3
? A group of forty martyrs in North Africa.

Foila (Faile) March 3
6th cent. The sister of St Colgan. The two are patron-saints of the parishes of Kil-Faile (Kileely) and Kil-Colgan in Galway in Ireland.

Hemiterius and Cheledonius March 3
? 4th cent. Two martyrs in Spain, believed to have been soldiers. They suffered in Calahorra in Old Castile.

Lamalisse March 3
7th cent. A hermit in Scotland, he left his name to the islet of Lamlash off the coast of the Isle of Arran in Ireland.

Non (Nonna, Nonnita) March 3
5th cent. The mother of St David, patron-saint of Wales, she probably came from a ruling family in Dyfed: a chapel and a well near her son’s Cathedral still bear her name. Another can be found in Altarnum in Cornwall, where she may have moved and where her relics survived, even though she reposed in Brittany.

Sacer (Mo-Sacra) March 3
7th cent. Founder of the monastery of Saggard near Dublin in Ireland.

Titian March 3
+ c 536. Germanic by birth, he became Bishop of Brescia in Italy.

Winwaloe March 3
6th cent. Born in Brittany, he became a disciple of St Budoc on Lauren Island and founded the monastery at Landevennec. Several churches in Cornwall are dedicated to him, indicating that the saint had some connection there.

March 4

Adrian and Companions March 4
+ c 875. A bishop on the Isle of May in the Firth of Forth in Scotland. He was martyred by the Danes, together with other monks.

Appian March 4
+ c 800. Born in Liguria in Italy, he became a monk at the monastery of St Peter of Ciel d’Oro in Pavia in Italy. Eventually he became a hermit in Commacchio on the shores of the Adriatic and brought Christ to that region.

Basinus March 4
+ c 705. Monk and Abbot of St Maximin in Trier in Germany, he succeeded St Numerian as bishop of the city.

Felix of Rhuys March 4
+ 1038. Born near Quimper in Brittany, he became a hermit on Ouessant and afterwards a monk at Fleury (Saint-Benoit-sur-Loire) in France. He restored the monastery of Rhuys, founded by St Gildas, which had been destroyed by the Vikings.

Leonard of Avranches March 4
+ c 614. In his early years he lived badly, but once converted, largely by the prayers of his mother, he was elected Bishop of Avranches.

Lucius I March 4
+ 254. He succeeded St Cornelius as Pope of Rome in 253 and was at once sent into exile. He was referred to as a martyr by St Cyprian.

Owen (Owin) March 4
+ c 680. After working as a steward in the household of St Audrey (Etheldred), he became a monk at Lastingham in England with St Chad. When the latter became Bishop of Mercia, he settled St Owen with other monks at a monastery near Lichfield.

Rome (Martyrs of) March 4
+ 260 (?) A group of nine hundred martyrs buried in the catacombs of Callistus on the Appian Way in Rome.

March 5

Caron March 5
? The church at Tregaron in Dyfed in Wales is dedicated to him.

Carthage the Elder March 5
+ c 540. The successor of St Kieran as Bishop of Ossory in Ireland.

Clement March 5
c 800. Abbot of Santa Lucia in Syracuse in Sicily.

Colman of Armagh March 5
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick in Ireland

Eusebius and Companions March 5
? A group of ten martyrs who suffered in North Africa.

Eusebius March 5
+ c 423. Born in Cremona in Italy, he became an abbot in Bethlehem and took part in the struggle against Origenism.

Kieran (Kieman, Kyran, Ciaran) March 5
+ c 530. Called ‘the first-born of the saints of Ireland’. Born in Ossory, he was probably consecrated bishop by St Patrick and has been venerated from time immemorial as the first Bishop of Ossory and founder of the monastery of Saighir.

Oliva March 5
+ 138. Martyred, perhaps in Brescia in the north of Italy, under the Emperor Hadrian.

Piran (Pyran) March 5
+ c 480. A hermit near Padstow in Cornwall. He is venerated as the patron-saint of miners: Perranporth is named after him.

Virgilius of Arles March 5
+ c 610. A monk from Lérins who became Bishop of Arles in France. He probably consecrated Augustine Archbishop of Canterbury.

March 6

Baldred (Balther) March 6
+ 756. A priest in Lindisfarne in England, he became a hermit at Tyningham on the Scottish border, where he lived on Bass Rock, near North Berwick, surrounded by the sea. His relics were enshrined in Durham, with those of St Bilfrid.

Basil March 6
+ 335. Bishop of Bologna in Italy for twenty years, 315-335.

Bilfrid (Billfrith) March 6
8th cent. A hermit at Lindisfarne and an expert goldsmith, who bound in gold the Lindisfarne Gospels, written and illuminated by Bishop Edfrith.

Cadroe (Cadroel) March 6
+ 976. Born in Scotland, he lived in Armagh in Ireland. He went to France and lived as a monk at Fleury. He then became Abbot of Waulsort on the Meuse in Belgium and finally lived in Metz.

Chrodegang March 6
+ 766. Bishop of Metz in the east of France, he took part in several Councils. He introduced the Roman liturgy and singing into his diocese and the north of Europe in general.

Cyneburgh, Cyneswith and Tibba March 6
+ c 680. Cyneburgh and Cyneswith were daughters of Penda of Mercia in England, who was notorious for his opposition to Orthodoxy. The former founded a convent in Castor in Northamptonshire and was followed as abbess by her sister. Tibba was a relative who joined them at the convent. Their relics were enshrined together.

Fridolin March 6
+ c 540. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at Luxeuil in France. Later he founded the monastery of Sackingen and is venerated as the Apostle of the Upper Rhine in Germany.

Marcian March 6
+ 120. By tradition he was a disciple of St Barnabas and the first Bishop of Tortona in Piedmont in Italy, where he was martyred under Hadrian after an episcopate of forty-five years.

Patrick March 6
c 307. Born in Malaga in Spain, he became Bishop there. He later fled to Auvergne in France.

March 7

Ardo March 7
+ 843. Born in Languedoc in France, he changed his name from Smaragdus on becoming a monk at Aniane with its first Abbot, St Benedict, whom he later succeeded as abbot.

Deifer March 7
6th cent. Founder of Bodfari in Clwyd in Wales.

Drausinus (Drausius) March 7
+ c 576. Bishop of Soissons in France, he did much to encourage monasticism.

Enodoch (Wenedoc) March 7
+ c 520. A saint in Wales.

Eosterwine March 7
+ 688. A Northumbrian noble, he entered the monastery of Wearmouth with his relative St Benedict. He succeeded St Benedict as abbot. He was celebrated for his gentleness.

Gaudiosus of Brescia March 7
+ 445 ? Bishop of Brescia in Italy, where his relics were venerated.

Perpetua, Felicity, Saturus (Satyrus), Saturninus, Revocatus and Secundulus March 7 (in the East Feb 1)
+ 203. Vivia Perpetua was a young married woman of good social position. Felicity, also married, was a slave. The others were catechumens and Saturus perhaps their instructor. All were imprisoned together in Carthage in North Africa as a law of Septimus Severus forbade conversions to the faith. Secundulus died in prison: the others were thrown to the wild beasts in the amphitheatre on March 7. Their Acts were written by Saturus, one of the martyrs, and completed by an eyewitness.

March 8

Beoadh (Beatus) March 8
+ c 518. Bishop of Ardcarne in Roscommon in Ireland.

Cyril, Rogatus, Felix, another Rogatus, Beata, Herenia, Felicitas, Urban, Silvanus and Mamillus March 8
? Martyrs in North Africa. St Cyril is described as a bishop.

Felix of Dunwich March 8
Born in Burgundy in France, he went to England to work for the enlightenment of East Anglia. In about 631 he went to Dunwich, or possible Felixstowe, and built his Cathedral, now beneath the sea. He preached with great success in Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire and is honoured as the Apostle of East Anglia, where several places are named after him and Orthodox still honour his memory.

Humphrey (Hunfrid) March 8
+ 871. A monk at the monastery of Prüm in Germany, he became Bishop of Therouanne in France and was Abbot of St Bertin. He was a source of strength and comfort to the people during the Norman invasion. He kept the feast of the Dormition with special splendour.

Julian of Toledo March 8
+ 690. A monk at Agali in Spain under St Eugene, whom he succeeded first as Abbot and in 680 as Archbishop of Toledo. He was the first Metropolitan of All Iberia. Presiding over several national Councils, revising and developing the Mozarabic liturgy, he was a prolific writer and outstanding churchman.

Pontius March 8
+ c 260. A deacon of the Church of Carthage in North Africa. He was with St Cyprian in his exile, at his trial and execution, and wrote his Life.

Provinus March 8
+ c 420. Born in France, he became a disciple of St Ambrose in Milan and became Bishop of Como in Italy in 391.

Senan (Senames) March 8
+ c 540 A monk in Kilmanagh in Ireland. Having founded a monastery, probably in Enniscorthy, he is said to have visited Rome and on his way home stayed with St David in Wales. On his return to Ireland he founded more churches and monasteries, notably one in Iniscarra near Cork. Finally he settled on Scattery Island in the Shannon estuary where he was buried.

March 9

Antony March 9
10th cent. A monk at Luxeuil in France, he became a hermit in Froidemont in Franche-Comté.

Bosa March 9
+ 705. A monk at Whitby in England, he was consecrated Bishop of York by St Theodore. St Bede praises St Bosa in the following words: ‘A man beloved of God…of most unusual merit and holiness’.

Constantine March 9
+ 576. A noble of Cornwall, who after a life of vice, came to repentance in Wales and Ireland. From here he went as a missionary to Scotland, where he was put to death by thieves. Two places in Cornwall are named after him.

Pacian March 9
+ c 390. Bishop of Barcelona in Spain from 365. A work he wrote on repentance still exists.

March 10

Attalas March 10
+ 627. Born in Burgundy in France, he became a monk at Lérins. From there he went to Luxeuil with St Columbanus, whom he followed to Bobbio in the north of Italy, helping him to found the monastery there and succeeding him as abbot (615).

Droctoveus (Drotté) March 10
+ c 580. A disciple of St Germanus of Paris, he became Abbot of St Symphorian in Autun in France. Later he was called back to Paris to be the first Abbot of St Vincent and the Holy Cross – afterwards renamed Saint-Germain-des-Prés.

Emilian (Eminian) March 10
+ 675. Born in Ireland, he became a monk and then Abbot of Lagny in France.

Failbhe the Little March 10
+ 754. For seven years Abbot of Iona in Scotland, where he reposed at the age of eighty.

Himelin March 10
+ c 750. Probably born in Ireland, he was a priest who reposed at Vissenaeken near Tirlemont in Belgium on his return from a pilgrimage to Rome.

Kessog (Mackessog) March 10
+ c 560. Born in Cashel in Tipperary in Ireland, even as a child he is said to have worked miracles. He became a missionary and preached in Scotland, where he became a bishop. According to one tradition he was martyred at Bandry. He is the patron-saint of Lennox.

Sedna March 10
+ c 570. Bishop of Ossory in Ireland and a friend of St Luanus.

Silvester March 10
+ c 420. A companion of St Palladius in enlightening Ireland.

Simplicius March 10
+ 483. Born in Tivoli in Italy, he became Pope of Rome from 468 to 483. He upheld the decisions of the Council of Chalcedon against Monophysitism. When the Western Roman Empire collapsed in 476, he also had to deal with the Arian King Odoacer.

Victor March 10
? A martyr in North Africa under Decius.

March 11

Alberta March 11
+ c 286. One of the first victims of the persecution under Diocletian. She suffered in Agen in France with St Faith and others.

Angus March 11
+ c 830. Known as ‘the Culdee’. A monk at Clonenagh in Ireland and then at Tallacht, he is remembered for his celebrated hymn to the saints, called Felire. From Tallacht he returned to Clonenagh where he became a bishop.

Benedict Crispus of Milan March 11
+ 725. Archbishop of Milan in Italy for forty-five years.

Candidus, Piperion and Companions March 11
+ c 254-259. Twenty-two martyrs who suffered in North Africa either in Carthage or else in Alexandria, probably under Valerian and Gallienus.

Constantine March 11
? A confessor in Carthage in North Africa.

Eulogius of Cordoba March 11
+ 859. A prominent priest in Cordoba in Spain when the Moorish persecution was at its height. Outstanding for his courage and learning, he encouraged the Orthodox in their sufferings and wrote The Memorial of the Saints for their benefit. He himself suffered martyrdom for protecting St Leocritia, a young girl converted from Islam.

Firmian (Fermanus, Firminus) March 11
+ c 1020. Abbot of San Sabino Piceno near Fermo in Italy.

Heraclius and Zosimus March 11
+ c 263. Martyrs in North Africa who suffered in Carthage under Valerian and Gallienus.

Peter the Spaniard March 11
? A pilgrim from Spain to Rome who settled as a hermit in Babuco near Veroli.

Vigilius March 11
+ 685. Successor of St Palladius (661) as Bishop of Auxerre in France. By order of the mayor of the palace he was murdered in a forest near Compiègne.

March 12

Alphege the Elder March 12
+ 951. Also called ‘the Bald’.. He became Bishop of Winchester in England in 935. He encouraged many to become monks, notably his relative St Dunstan, whom he ordained priest.

Mamilian (Maximilian) March 12
? A martyr in Rome.

Maximilian March 12
+ 295. A young martyr who refused to do military service and was therefore executed in Thebeste in Numidia in North Africa.

Mura McFeredach (Muran, Murames) March 12
+ c 645. Born in Donegal in Ireland, he became Abbot of Fahan in Co. Derry. He is the patron-saint of Fahan where his cross still stands.

Paul Aurelian March 12
+ c 575. A Romano-Briton by origin, he was born in Wales and became a monk with Sts Illtyd, David, Samson and Gildas. He lived for a time on Caldey Island, from where he went to Brittany. He established a monastery at Porz-Pol on the Isle of Ouessant and finally went to Ouismor (now Saint-Pol-de-Léon) where he became bishop.

Peter the Deacon March 12
+ c 605. The disciple, secretary and companion of St Gregory the Great. He is venerated as the patron-saint of Salassola in Italy.

Vindician March 12
+ 712. A disciple of St Eligius, he became Bishop of Arras-Cambrai in France and bravely protested against the excesses of the Merovingian Kings and the all-powerful mayors of the palace.

March 13

Ansovinus March 13
+ 840. Born in Camerino in Italy, after living as a hermit at Castel Raimondo near Torcello, he became bishop of his native town. He accepted the office on condition that his see should be exempt from the service of recruiting soldiers, then imposed on most bishops.

Gerald March 13
+ 732. Born in England, he followed St Colman from Lindisfarne to Ireland and became his successor in the English monastery in Mayo.

Heldrad (Eldrad) March 13
+ 842. Born in Provence in France, he spent his fortune on good works and went to Rome as a pilgrim. Then he became a monk at the monastery of Novalese in Italy and was abbot there for thirty years.

Kevoca (Kennotha, Quivoca) March 13
7th cent. A saint honoured in Kyle in Scotland.

Mochoemoc (Mochaemhog, Pulcherius, Vulcanius) March 13
+ c 656. Born in Munster in Ireland, he was the nephew of St Ita. He became a monk at Bangor in Co. Down under St Comgall and later founded Liath-Mochoemoc.

Ramirus and Companions March 13
+ c 554 (or 630). A monk at the monastery of St Claudio in Leon in Spain. Two days after the abbot, St Vincent, was martyred, Ramirus and all the other monks were martyred by the Arian Visigoths while they sang the Creed..

Rudericus (Roderick) and Salomon (Solomon) March 13
+ 857. Roderick was a priest in Cabra near Cordoba in Spain who was betrayed by his Muslim brother and imprisoned there. In prison he met his fellow-martyr, Salomon. They were both martyred in Cordoba.

March 14

Benedict July 11 (In the East March 14)
c 480-550. Born near Nursia in Umbria in central Italy, at the age of twenty he went to live as a hermit in a cave near Subiaco. Many disciples flocked to him and he built a laura, composed of twelve small monasteries for them. About the year 530 he left Subiaco for Montecassino, where he founded a monastery and where he lived the rest of his life as a deacon and famed as a wonderworker. He reposed while standing in prayer before the altar. Some relics of St Benedict were later translated to France but others remained at Montecassino.

Boniface Curitan March 14
+ c 660. Bishop of Ross, very likely a Roman by birth, he enlightened the Picts and Scots. He is said to have founded a great many churches.

Diaconus March 14
6th cent. His real name lost, he was a deacon in the Marsi in central Italy. He was martyred together with two monks by the Lombards.

Leo March 14
? A bishop and martyr, perhaps under the Arians, in the Agro Verano in Italy.

Matilda (Mathildis, Maud) March 14
+ 968. Wife of the German king Henry the Fowler, she was very generous and founded, among others, the monasteries of Nordhausen, Pöhlde, Engern and Quedlinburg in Germany. She was a widow for thirty years and suffered greatly at the hands of her sons, by whom she was despoiled of most of her possessions.

Peter and Aphrodisius March 14
5th cent. Martyrs under the Arian Vandals in North Africa.

Rome (Martyrs of) March 14
+ c 67. Forty-seven martyrs baptised by tradition by the Apostle Peter. They are said to have suffered in Rome under Nero, all on the same day.

Talmach March 14
7th cent. A disciple of St Barr at Lough Erc in Ireland and founder of a monastery.

Valeria (Martyrs of) March 14
5th cent. In the province of Valeria in Italy two monks were slain by the Lombards by being hanged on a tree. Although dead, they were heard singing psalms even by their enemies.

March 15

Aristobulus March 15
1st cent. Traditionally one of the Seventy, he is the Aristobulus mentioned by St Paul (Romans 16,11). Britain was given to him as the place of his preaching and martyrdom.

Leocritia (Lucretia) March 15
+ 859. A holy virgin in Cordoba in Spain. Her parents were Moors, but she was converted to Orthodoxy and as a result was driven from her home. She was sheltered by St Eulogius but both were flogged and beheaded.

Mancius March 15
5th (or 6th?) cent. Born in Rome, he was bought as a slave by Jewish traders and taken to Evora in Portugal where he was martyred by his masters.

Probus March 15
+ c 571. Bishop of Rieti in central Italy.

Speciosus March 15
+ c 555. A wealthy landowner from Campania in Italy who became a monk at Montecassino with his brother Gregory. He was attached to the new foundation at Terracina but reposed in Capua.

Zacharias March 15
+ 752. He was born in San Severino in Calabria in Italy of a Greek family. Chosen Pope of Rome in 741, he was influential in helping Europe remain Orthodox.

March 16

Abban March 16
5th cent. A nephew of St Ibar, he founded Kill-Abban monastery in Leinster in Ireland.

Agapitus March 16
4th cent. Bishop of Ravenna in Italy.

Alexander I May 3 (In the East March 16)
c 115. The fifth Pope of Rome from c 107 to c 115.

Dentlin (Dentelin, Denain) March 16
7th cent. The son of St Vincent Madelgarus and St Waldetrudis. He was only seven years old when he reposed, confessing the Faith.

Eusebia March 16
+ c 680. Eldest daughter of Sts Adalbald and Rictrudis, she became a nun at Hamage or Hamay in Belgium, a convent which had been founded by her grandmother St Gertrude and where she later became abbess.

Finian March 16
+ ? c 560. A disciple of St Columba and Abbot of Swords near Dublin in Ireland.

Gregory Makar March 16
+ c 1000. An Armenian who became a monk and was elected Bishop of Nicopolis in Armenia. He fled to France and settled as a hermit in Pithiviers near Orleans.

Heribert March 16
+ 1022. Born in Worms in Germany and a monk at Gorze in France, he became Archbishop of Cologne. He was an outstanding churchman, learned, zealous and enterprising. He built the monastery of Deutz on the Rhine, where he was buried.

Hilary, Tatian, Felix, Largus and Denis March 16
+ c 284. Hilary was Bishop of Aquileia, Tatian his deacon, and the others laymen. All were beheaded under Numerian.

Megingaud (Mengold, Megingoz) March 16
+ 794. He became a monk at Fritzlar in Germany (738) and after some years abbot. Later he succeeded St Burchard as Bishop of Würzburg (c 754).

March 17

Agricola (Agrele, Aregle) March 17
+ 580. Bishop and ascetic of Châlon-sur-Saône in France.

Alexander and Theodore March 17
2nd century? Early martyrs in Rome.

Alexis July 17 (In the East March 17)
+ early 5th cent. A saint originally distinguished by the title of ‘the man of God’. The son of a Roman senator, in order to serve God in humility, he fled from his parental home disguised as a beggar. He set sail for Edessa where after seventeen years an Icon of the Mother of God proclaimed him ‘the man of God’. He fled again and eventually returned to Rome and for years lived unrecognised as a beggar in his own home. After his repose a mysterious voice again proclaimed him ‘the man of God’.

Gertrude of Nivelles March 17
626-659. Daughter of Pepin of Landen and of St Ida. Ida founded the convent of Nivelles for herself and her daughter but insisted on Gertrude being the first abbess. Though only twenty years of age, Gertrude accepted this obedience. At the age of thirty she resigned in favour of her niece Wilfetrudis.

Patrick March 17
c 390-461? The Apostle of Ireland. A Romano-Briton born in what is now England, at the age of sixteen he was abducted and taken to Ireland. However, he escaped after six years. He then went to monasteries in France and about the year 432 returned to Ireland as a bishop. He travelled throughout the country preaching, teaching, building churches, establishing monasteries and converting chiefs and bards. He was the first organiser of the Irish Church and was based in Armagh.

March 18

Edward the Martyr March 18
+ 978. The son of Edgar the Peaceful, he became King of England at the age of thirteen, in 978 he was murdered by plotters at Corfe and buried in Wareham in Dorset. He was at once acclaimed as a martyr. His relics are venerated in an Orthodox church in Surrey to this day.

Egbert March 18
+ c 720. A monk at Ripon, where his relics were venerated.

Frediano (Frigidanus, Frigdianus) March 18
+ 588. Born in Ireland, he went on pilgrimage to Rome and settled in Italy as a hermit on Monte Pisano. In 566 he became Bishop of Lucca. He rebuilt the Cathedral after it had been burnt down by the Lombards.

Narcissus and Felix March 18
+ c 307. A bishop and his deacon honoured as martyrs in Gerona in Catalonia in Spain.

March 19

Adrian March 19
+ c 668. A disciple of St Landoald, he was murdered while begging alms for his monastery near Maastricht in Holland and was venerated as a martyr.

Alcmund March 19
+ c 800. A prince of Northumbria in England, after many years of exile among the Picts of Scotland, he was martyred in Shropshire. He was venerated first in Lilleshall and then in Derby.

Apollonius and Leontius (Leontinus) March 19
? By tradition early Bishops of Braga in Portugal.

Auxilius March 19
+ c 460. A companion of St Patrick, he became Bishop of Killossey in Ireland.

Gemus March 19
? A monk, probably at Moyenmoutier in Alsace, now in France. His relics were enshrined at Hürbach.

John the Syrian of Pinna March 19
6th cent. A Syrian monk who settled in Pinna near Spoleto in Italy. He was abbot of a large monastic colony there for forty-four years.

Lactan March 19
+ 672. Born near Cork in Ireland, St Comgall entrusted him to found a monastery at Achadh-Ur, now Freshford, in Kilkenny.

Landoald and Amantius March 19
+ c 668. A priest and deacon who helped enlighten what is now Belgium and north-eastern France. They founded the church at Wintershoven.

Leontius March 19
+ 640. Bishop of Saintes in France and a friend of St Malo.

Quintus, Quintilla, Quartilla, Mark and Companions March 19
? Martyrs venerated in Sorrento near Naples in Italy. The three first were perhaps a brother and two sisters.

March 20

Benignus March 20
+ 725. A monk and Abbot of Fontenelle in France, he was exiled and went to Flay where the monks asked him to be their abbot. He later returned to Fontenelle.

Cuthbert March 20
+ 687. He was a shepherd boy until he became a monk at Melrose in Scotland. After the Council of Whitby, he went to Lindisfarne where he became Abbot. In March 685, he was consecrated Bishop of Lindisfarne. After his repose his relics were found to be incorrupt and eventually they were taken to Durham. One of the most famous English saints, he is the called the Wonderworker of England. His relics are revered in Durham to this day.

Herbert March 20
+ 687. A priest and friend of St Cuthbert, who lived as a hermit on the island named after him on Lake Derwentwater in England. The two saints were granted their prayer to repose on the same day.

Martin of Braga March 20
520-580. Born in Pannonia, he became a monk in Palestine, but later went to Galicia in Spain where he preached to the pagan Suevi. He was Bishop of Mondoñedo and then of Braga. He introduced monasticism throughout north-western Spain and Portugal. Several of his writings still exist.

Photina, Joseph, Victor, Sebastian, Anatolius, Photius, Photis (Photides), Parasceve and Cyriaca March 20
? Martyred with other Orthodox in Rome under Nero.

Remigius March 20
+ 783. A noble, he became Abbot of Münster near Colmar in France and in 776 Bishop of Strasbourg.

Tertricus March 20
+ 572. Son of St Gregory, Bishop of Langres in France, and uncle of St Gregory of Tours. He succeeded his father as Bishop of Langres in about 540.

Urbitius March 20
+ c 420. Bishop of Metz in the east of France. He built a church in honour of St Felix of Nola which became the church of the monastery of St Clement.

William of Peñacorada March 20
+ c 1042. Monk at the monastery of Satagún in León in Spain. In 988 he fled with the other monks from the Saracens and settled at Peñacorada, where he built the monastery of Santa Maria de los Valles, later named after him San Guillermo de Peñacorada.

Wulfram March 20
7th Cent. Bishop of Sens, he worked to enlighten the Frisians, helped by monks from the monastery of Fontenelle. After many years among the Frisians, he returned to Fontenelle where he reposed. His relics are still in Abbeville in the north of France.

March 21

Birillus March 21
+ c 90. By tradition he was consecrated first Bishop of Catania in Sicily by the Apostle Peter, with whom he had travelled from Antioch. He reposed in extreme old age.

Enda (Endeus, Enna) March 21
+ c 530. Brother of St Fanchea, he was the earliest founder of monasteries in Ireland, of which the main one was on Inishmore. Sts Kieran and Brendan were among his disciples.

Lupicinus March 21
+ c 480. Brother of St Romanus of Condat, with whom he founded the monasteries of St Claud (Condat) in the Jura, and Lauconne.

Philemon and Domninus March 21
? Born in Rome, they preached the Gospel in various parts of Italy and were martyred.

March 22

Darerca March 22
? 5th cent. The sister of St Patrick of Ireland. Her name means constant and firm love. She is reputed to have had fifteen sons, some ten of whom became bishops.

Deogratius March 22
+ 457. He became Bishop of Carthage in North Africa in 456, fourteen years after the repose of his predecessor, St Quodvultdeus, who had been driven into exile by the Arian Vandals. He sold all that he or his church possessed in order to ransom prisoners of the Arian King.

Epaphroditus March 22
1st cent. By tradition the first Bishop of Terracina in Italy. He may have been one of the Seventy Apostles and mentioned by the Apostle Paul in Philippians 2,25).

Failbhe March 22
+ c 680. Abbot of Iona in Scotland. He came from Ireland and was the brother of St Finan of Rath.

Lea March 22
+ 384. An aristocrat in Rome who on the death of her husband entered the convent of St Marcella, where she spent the rest of her life serving the nuns.

Octavian and Companions March 22
+ 484. Octavian, Archdeacon of the Church in Carthage in North Africa, was martyred with several thousand companions under the Arian Vandal King Hunneric.

Paul of Narbonne March 22
+ c 250. Consecrated in Rome towards the middle of the third century and sent to France to preach the Gospel, which he did with great success in Narbonne.

Saturninus and Companions March 22
? A group of ten martyrs in North Africa.

Trien (Trienan) March 22
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick and Abbot of Killelga in Ireland.

March 23 Benedict of Campania March 23
+ c 550. A hermit in the Campagna in Italy who was miraculously delivered from death by burning at the hands of Totila the Goth.

Ethilwald March 23
+ 699. A monk at Ripon in England, he lived as a hermit on Inner Farne for twelve years.

Felix and Companions March 23
5th cent. A group of twenty-one martyrs in North Africa.

Felix of Montecassino March 23
+ c 1000. A monk at Montecassino. On account of the many miracles at his tomb the Bishop of Chieti enshrined his relics for veneration.

Fidelis March 23
? A martyr in North Africa.

Maidoc (Mo-Mhaedog) March 23
5th cent. Abbot of Fiddown in Kilkenny in Ireland.

Nicon and Companions March 23
+ c 250. Nicon was a Roman soldier of distinction who, while travelling in the East, became a Christian and a monk. His master left him with two hundred disciples. When persecution threatened Palestine, they fled to Sicily where they were martyred under Decius.

Victorian, Frumentius and Companions March 23
+ 484. Victorian, a former pro-consul in Africa, and four wealthy merchants were martyred in Hadrumetum under King Hunneric for refusing to become Arians.

March 24

Caimin (Cammin) of Inniskeltra March 24 March 25
+ 653. An ascetic who lived as a hermit on an island in Lough Derg in Ireland. Many disciples were attracted to him on account of his holiness. Later he founded a monastery and church on the island of the Seven Churches and worked with St Senan. A fragment of the Psalter of St Caimin, copied in his own hand, still exists.

Cairlon (Caorlan) March 24
6th cent. An abbot in Ireland who became Archbishop of Cashel.

Domangard (Donard) March 24
+ c 500. The patron of Maghera in Co. Down in Ireland, who lived as a hermit on the mountain now called Slieve-Donard after him.

Hildelith March 24
+ c 712. A princess from England who became a nun either at Chelles or at Faremoutiers-en-Brie in France. She was recalled to England by St Erconwald of London to Barking, where she later became abbess, admired for her wisdom and culture.

Latinus of Brescia March 24
+ 115. Flavius Latinus succeeded St Viator as the third Bishop of Brescia in Italy (84-115). He suffered imprisonment and torture with other Christians.

Macartan (Macartin, Maccarthen) March 24
+ c 505. An early disciple and companion of St Patrick of Ireland, who consecrated him Bishop of Clogher.

Mark and Timothy March 24
+ c 150. Two martyrs in Rome.

Pigmenius March 24
+ 362. A priest in Rome thrown into the Tiber under Julian the Apostate.

Romulus and Secundus (Secundulus) March 24
? Two brothers who suffered in North Africa.

March 25

Alfwold March 25
+ 1058. A monk at Winchester who was chosen as Bishop of Sherborne in 1045. He was known for his great devotion to Sts Cuthbert and Swithun.

Barontius and Desiderius March 25
c 725. Barontius became a monk at Lonrey near Bourges in France. As a result of a vision he became a hermit, set out for Italy, and settled near Pistoia. There he lived very ascetically with another monk, called Desiderius, who is also honoured as a saint.

Caimin (Cammin) of Inniskeltra March 24 March 25
+ 653. An ascetic who lived as a hermit on an island in Lough Derg in Ireland. Many disciples were attracted to him on account of his holiness. Later he founded a monastery and church on the island of the Seven Churches and worked with St Senan. A fragment of the Psalter of St Caimin, copied in his own hand, still exists.

Hermenland (Hermeland, Herbland, Erblon) March 25
+ c 720. Born near Noyon in France, he became a monk at Fontenelle. He was ordained priest and sent with twelve monks to establish a new monastery on the island of Aindre in the estuary of the Loire.

Humbert March 25
+ c 680. A disciple of St Amandus who helped found the monastery of Marolles in Belgium.

Irenaeus of Sirmium March 25
+ 304. Bishop in Pannonia (Hungary), he was martyred under Diocletian at Sirmium (Mitrovica).

Kennocha (Kyle, Enoch) March 25
+ 1007. A nun at a convent in Fife. She was held in great veneration in Scotland, especially around Glasgow.

Quirinus March 25
+ c 269. A martyr who suffered in Rome under Claudius II. He was one of those befriended and buried by Sts Marius, Martha and Companions.

Rome (Martyrs of) March 25
? A group of two hundred and sixty-two martyrs in Rome.

March 26

Bertilo March 26
+ c 878- 888. Abbot of St Benignus in Dijon in France. The Vikings sacked the monastery and martyred him and several of his monks at the altar.

Braulio March 26
+ 646. A monk at the monastery of St Engratia in Saragossa in Spain, he was ordained priest by his own brother, John, whom he succeeded as Archbishop of Saragossa.

Castulus March 26
+ 288. An officer of the palace in Rome of the Emperor Diocletian. He was tortured and buried alive for helping other Orthodox. A cemetery was named after his burial place on the Via Labicana.

Felicitas March 26
9th cent. A nun, probably at Sts Cosmas and Damian in Padua in Italy. Her relics are now at St Justina’s in Padua.

Felix of Trier March 26
+ c 400. Consecrated Bishop of Trier in Germany by St Martin of Tours in 386.

Garbhan March 26
7th cent. A saint who left his name to Dungarvan in Ireland.

Ludger March 26
+ 809. Born in Frisia, he returned to his homeland from England, but mainly preached in Westphalia of which he is the Apostle. His gentleness did more to attract the Saxons to Christ than all the brutal armies of Charlemagne. He lived for a time at Montecassino in Italy. He was the first Bishop of Münster in Germany.

Mochelloc (Cellog, Mottelog, Motalogus) March 26
+ c 639. Patron saint of Kilmallock in Limerick in Ireland.

Montanus and Maxima March 26
+ 304. Montanus, a priest, and Maxima, his wife, were drowned in the River Sava in Sirmium in Dalmatia or in Singidunum in Pannonia.

Peter, Marcian, Jovinus, Thecla, Cassian and Companions March 26
? Martyrs in Rome.

Sincheall March 26
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick and founder of the monastery of Killeigh in Offaly in Ireland, where there were one hundred and fifty monks.

March 27

Alkeld (Athilda) March 27
10th cent. Two churches in Yorkshire in England are dedicated to this holy woman who was martyred by the Danes.

Amator (Amador) March 27
? A hermit to whom several churches are dedicated in Portugal

Augusta March 27
5th cent. Daughter of the Teuton Duke of Friuli. Her conversion to Christianity so enraged her father that he killed her with his own hands. She has been venerated from time immemorial in Serravalle near Treviso in the north of Italy.

Philetus, Lydia, Macedo, Theoprepius (Theoprepides), Amphilochius and Cronidas March 27
+ c 121. Martyrs in Illyria under Hadrian. Philetus was a senator, Lydia his wife, Macedo and Theoprepius their sons, Amphilochius a captain, and Cronidas a notary.

Romulus March 27
+ c 730. Abbot of St Baudilius near Nimes in France. About 720 he and his monks fled before the invading Saracens and settled in a ruined monastery in Saissy-les-Bois.

Rupert (Robert) March 27
+ c 717. Probably born in France, he became Bishop of Worms and began to spread Orthodoxy in the south of Germany. He started in Regensburg and pushed his way along the Danube. The Duke of Bavaria gave him the old ruined town of Iuvavum, which Rupert rebuilt and called Salzburg. Here he founded the monastery of St Peter and the convent of Nonnberg, where his sister Ermentrude was abbess. He is venerated as the first Archbishop of Salzburg and Apostle of Bavaria and Austria.

Suairlech March 27
+ c 750. First Bishop of Fore in Westmeath in Ireland from c 735 to c 750.

March 28

Conon March 28
+ 1236. A monk and abbot of the Greek monastery of Nesi in Sicily.

Gontram (Gunthrammus) March 28
+ 592. A repentant King of Burgundy in France. Having divorced his wife and ordered the execution of his doctor, he was overcome with remorse and lamented these sins for the rest of his life.

Gundelindis (Guendelindis) March 28
+ c 750. A daughter of the Duke of Alsace and niece of St Ottilia, whom she succeeded as Abbess of Niedermünster.

Rogatus, Successus and Companions March 28
? A group of eighteen martyrs in North Africa.

Sixtus III (Xystus) March 28
+ 440. Pope of Rome from 432. A Roman by birth, he is remembered for opposing Nestorianism and Pelagianism and restoring several Roman basilicas.

Spes March 28
+ c 513. An Abbot of Campi in central Italy. He was totally blind for forty years, but fifteen days before his repose his eyesight was restored.

Tutilo March 28
+ c 915. A gifted and artistic monk at St Gall in Switzerland.

March 29

Armogastes and Companions March 29
+ c 460. Armogastes and Saturus, high officers at the palace, suffered in North Africa during the Arian persecution under the Vandal King Genseric. First they were tortured, then sent to hard labour in the mines, finally condemned to slavery as cowherds near Carthage. They were not put to death ‘in case the Romans should venerate them as martyrs’.

Eustace (Eustasius) March 29
+ 625. A favourite disciple and monk of St Columbanus, whom he succeeded as second Abbot of Luxeuil in France. There were some six hundred monks there, many of whom became saints.

Firminus March 29
6th cent. Bishop of Viviers in France.

Gladys March 29
5th cent. A saint in Wales, she was married to St Gundleus and was the mother of St Cadoc.

Gwynllyw (Woollos) March 29
+ c 500. Husband of St Gladys, the father of St Cadoc, he ended his life as a hermit in Wales.

Lasar (Lassar, Lassera) March 29
6th cent. A nun in Ireland and niece of St Forchera.

Secundus March 29
+ 119. A noble from Asti in Piedmont in Italy and an officer in the imperial army. He was beheaded in Asti under Hadrian.

March 30

Clinius March 30
? A Greek monk at Montecassino in Italy. He became Abbot of St Peter’s near Pontecorvo, where his relics were venerated.

Fergus March 30
6th cent. Bishop of Downpatrick in Ireland.

Mamertinus March 30
+ c 462. A monk and then Abbot of Sts Cosmas and Damian in Auxerre in France.

Osburgh (Osburga) March 30
+ c 1018. First abbess of the convent founded by King Canute in Coventry in England.

Pastor March 30
6th cent. (?) Bishop of Orleans in France.

Patto (Pacificus) March 30
+ c 788. Perhaps born in Ireland, he went to Saxony, became abbot of a monastery there and finally became Bishop of Werden in Germany

Quirinus March 30
+ c 117. The jailer of Pope Alexander I, by whom he was converted with his daughter St Balbina. Shortly afterwards he was martyred in Rome under Hadrian.

Regulus (Rieul) March 30
+ c 260. By tradition a Greek, he is honoured as the first Bishop of Senlis in France. A tradition connects him with Arles where many Greeks lived.

Tola March 30
+ c 733. Abbot and Bishop of Disert Tola in Meath in Ireland.

Zosimus March 30
+ c 660. At the age of seven he was taken to the monastery of Santa Lucia near Syracuse in Sicily. After thirty years as a monk, he was successively made abbot and bishop of the city. He reposed at the age of ninety.

March 31

Aldo March 31
+ late 8th cent. Count of Ostrevant, he became a monk at the monastery of Hasnon in Belgium, which had been founded by his brother John. Aldo was chosen as second abbot.

Balbina March 31
+ c 130. By tradition the daughter of Quirinus the martyr, she was baptised by Pope Alexander and lived as a virgin in Rome. She was buried on the Appian Way near her father. Later her relics were enshrined in the church dedicated to her on the Aventine.

Guy (Guido) March 31
+ 1046. Born near Ravenna in Italy, Guy became a monk at the monastery of St Severus, where he became abbot. Later he went to the monastery of Pomposa near Ferrara.

Renovatus March 31
+ c 633. A convert from Arianism, he became monk and then Abbot of Cauliana in Lusitania. Finally he became Bishop of Merida in Spain for twenty-two years.

Theodulus, Anesius, Felix, Cornelia and Companions March 31
? Martyrs in North Africa.

April 1

Caidoc and Fricor (Adrian) Apr 1
7th cent. Born in Ireland, they preached Christ in the country of the Morini in the north of France. Their relics are still venerated in the parish church of Saint Riquier near Amiens.

Cellach (Ceilach, Keilach) Apr 1
9th cent. Archbishop of Armagh in Ireland, previously he had been Abbot of Iona in Scotland and founded the monastery of Kells.

Dodolinus Apr 1
7th cent. Bishop of Vienne in the Dauphiné in France.

Procopius July 4 (In the East Apr 1)
c 980-1053. Born in Czechia, he was ordained in Prague. Later he became a hermit and finally founded the monastery of Sazava.

Theodora Apr 1
+ c 120? The sister of St Hermes (Aug 28) whom she helped in prison and under torture. She was herself martyred some months later. Brother and sister were buried side by side.

Venantius Apr 1
+ c 255. A bishop in Dalmatia whose relics were brought from Spalato to Rome in 641.

Walericus (Valéry) Apr 1
+ c 622. A monk at Luxeuil in France, he later founded the monastery of Leuconay at the mouth of the Somme. Two towns in that area are named Saint-Valéry after him.

April 2

Abundius Apr 2
+ 469. Of Greek origin, he became Bishop of Como in the north of Italy. A theologian, he was sent to the Emperor Theodosius the Younger and encouraged the calling of the Council of Chalcedon in 451.

Bronach (Bromana) Apr 2
? Called the Virgin of Glen-Seichis, now Kilbronach in Ireland.

Constantine Apr 2
+ 874. Constantine II, King of Scotland, was slain in a battle against heathen invaders of his country and was honoured as a martyr. He was buried on Iona.

Drogo Apr 2
10th cent. After a worldly life, Drogo became a monk at Fleury-sur-Loire in France and afterwards at Baume-les-Messieurs.

Lonochilus (Longis, Lenogisil) and Agnofleda Apr 2
+ 653 and 638. The first was a priest who founded a monastery in Maine in France, Agnofleda was a holy virgin.

Musa Apr 2
+ 6th cent. A child in Rome who was granted visions. She was mentioned by her contemporary by St Gregory the Great.

Nicetius (Nizier) Apr 2
+ 573. He became Bishop of Lyons in France in 553 and was pastor for twenty years.

Rufus Apr 2
? A hermit at Glendalough in Ireland.

Urban of Langres Apr 2
+ c 390. Sixth Bishop of Langres in France from 374 on. In parts of Burgundy he was honoured as the patron-saint of vine dressers.

Victor Apr 2
+ 554. Bishop of Capua in the south of Italy and a Church writer.

April 3

Attala (Attalus) Apr 3
+ c 800. A monk and abbot of a monastery in Taormina in Sicily.

Burgundofara (or Fara) Apr 3 and Dec 7
+ 657. Blessed by St Columbanus as a child, she became a nun despite her father’s opposition, and so began the convent of Brige in France. This was later called Faremoutiers, i.e. Fara’s Monastery, where she was abbess for thirty-seven years.

Pancras (Pancratius) Apr 3
1st cent. Born in Antioch, he was consecrated by the Apostle Peter and sent to Taormina in Sicily where he was stoned to death.

Sixtus I (Xystus) Apr 3
+ c 125. Pope of Rome from 117 to c 125, sometimes referred to as a martyr.

April 4

Guier Apr 4
? A priest and hermit in Cornwall, where a church recalls his name.

Gwerir Apr 4
? A hermit near Liskeard in Cornwall, at whose grave King Alfred was healed of a serious illness. St Gwerir’s cell was later occupied by St Neot.

Hildebert Apr 4
+ 752. Abbot of St Peter in Ghent in Belgium. He was martyred by fanatics for defending the veneration of icons.

Isidore of Seville Apr 4
c 560-636. Born in Cartagena in Spain, he was the brother of Sts Leander, Fulgentius and Florentina. He succeeded St Leander as Bishop of Seville in 600. He presided over several Councils, reorganised the Spanish Church, encouraged monastic life, completed the Mozarabic rite, was an encyclopedic writer and was also responsible for the Council of Toledo in 633.

Tigernach (Tigernake, Tierney, Tierry) Apr 4
+ 549. Abbot of Clones, he succeeded St Macartin as Bishop at Clogher in Ireland.

April 5

Africa, Martyrs of North-West Africa Apr 5
+ 459. A large group martyred at the Easter liturgy by Genseric, the Arian King of the Vandals. The reader who was singing the Alleluia had his throat pierced by an arrow.

Becan (Began) Apr 5
6th cent. One of the ‘Twelve Apostles of Ireland’. He was related to St Columba and founded a monastery in Kill-Beggan in Westmeath. He also gave his name to the church and parish of Imleach-Becain in Meath.

Derfel-Gadarn Apr 5
6th cent. A soldier and afterwards a hermit in Llanderfel in Gwynedd in Wales.

April 6

Berthanc (Berchan) Apr 6
+ c 840. A monk at Iona in Scotland and later Bishop of Kirkwall in the Orkneys. He seems to have died in Ireland and been buried at Inishmore in Galway Bay.

Brychan Apr 6
? A King in Wales with twenty-four saintly children.

Celestine April 6 (In the East April 8)
+ 432. Born in the Campagna in Italy, he succeeded Boniface I as Pope of Rome in 422. He supported St Germanus of Auxerre against Pelagianism and condemned Nestorianism.

Elstan Apr 6
+ 981. A monk at Abingdon in England with St Ethelwold, he was celebrated as a model of obedience. He became Bishop of Ramsbury and succeeded St Ethelwold as Abbot of Abingdon.

Florentius, Geminianus and Saturus Apr 6
? 4th cent. Martyrs in Sirmium in Pannonia.

Gennard Apr 6
+ 720. A monk at Fontenelle in France and eventually Abbot of Flay.

Marcellinus Apr 6
+ 413. Marcellinus was the imperial representative in North Africa at the time of the Donatist heresy. He and his brother, the judge Agrarius, tried to enforce the decisions of a conference in Carthage against Donatism, but the Donatists resorted to false accusation and the two brothers were martyred.

Notker Balbulus Apr 6
c 840-912. Nicknamed Balbulus, i.e. the Stammerer. He was born near Zurich in Switzerland and when still a child entered the monastery of St Gall where he spent his whole life, excelling as a musician

Prudentius Galindo Apr 6
+ 861. Born in Spain, in his youth he fled from the Saracens to France, where he changed his baptismal name Galindo to Prudentius. He became Bishop of Troyes.

Rufina, Moderata, Romana, Secundus and Seven Companions Apr 6
? 4th cent. Martyrs at Sirmium in Pannonia.

Ulched (Ulchad, Ylched) Apr 6
? A holy man who gave his name to Llechulched in Anglesey in Wales.

Urban Apr 6
+ c 940. Abbot of the Monastery of Peñalba near Astorga in Spain.

Winebald (Vinebaud) Apr 6
+ c 650. A monk at Saint-Loup-de-Troyes in France where he became abbot.

April 7

Brynach (Bemach, Bemacus) Apr 7
? 5th cent. He built a cell and church at a place called Carn-Englyi (Mountain of the Angels), overhanging Nefyn in Gwynedd in Wales.

Epiphanius, Donatus, Rufinus and Companions Apr 7
? Thirteen martyrs, of whom Epiphanius was a bishop in North Africa.

Finan (Finnian) Apr 7
6th cent. Born in Munster in Ireland, he was a disciple of St Brendan. He founded a monastery at Kinnitty in Offaly of which he is the patron.

Gibardus Apr 7
+ c 888. Abbot of Luxeuil in France during the invasion of the Huns. He and his monks fled from the monastery but the barbarians found them and martyred them.

Goran (Woranus) Apr 7
6th cent. He lived at Bodmin before St Petroc and several churches are dedicated to him in Cornwall.

Hegesippus Apr 7
+ c 180. A Jew born in Jerusalem, he spent twenty years of his life in Rome. He is considered to be the father of Church History but only a few chapters of his work remain.

Llewellyn (LLywelyn) and Gwrnerth Apr 7
6th cent. Monks from Wales who lived in Welshpool and later on Bardsey.

Saturninus Apr 7
4th cent. Bishop of Verona in Italy.

April 8

Amantius Apr 8
+ 440. Successor of St Provinus in Como in Italy.

Celestine April 6 (In the East April 8)
+ 432. Born in the Campagna in Italy, he succeeded Boniface I as Pope of Rome in 422. He supported St Germanus of Auxerre against Pelagianism and condemned Nestorianism.

Concessa Apr 8
? A martyr venerated from early times in Carthage in North Africa.

Januarius, Maxima and Macaria Apr 8
? Martyrs in North Africa.

Perpetuus Apr 8
+ c 490. Bishop of Tours in France (c 460-490).

Redemptus Apr 8
+ 586. Bishop of Ferentini in Italy.

April 9

Africa, Martyrs of North-West Africa Apr 9
A group of Christians martyred in Masyla.

Casilda Apr 9
+ c 1050. Born in Toledo, she was of Moorish parentage. She became Orthodox and led the life of an anchoress near Briviesca near Burgos. She was greatly venerated throughout Spain.

Dotto Apr 9
? 6th cent. Abbot of a monastery in the Orkney Islands off the coast of Scotland.

Hedda and Companions Apr 9
+ c 869. Hedda was the Abbot of Peterborough in England. He and eighty-four monks of his monastery were martyred by the Danes.

Hugh of Rouen Apr 9
+ 730. He became a monk at a very early age, either at Fontenelle or at Jumièges in the north of France. He became Bishop of Rouen and then of Paris and was also Abbot of Fontenelle and Jumièges. He reposed at Jumièges as a simple monk.

Madrun (Materiana) Apr 9
5th cent. A saint from Wales or Cornwall to whom some Welsh churches are dedicated.

Marcellus Apr 9
+ 474. Born in Avignon in France, he succeeded his own brother St Petronius as Bishop of Die. He suffered much from the Arians.

Pannonia (Martyrs of) Apr 9
? Seven virgin-martyrs in Sirmium in Pannonia.

Theodore and Companions Apr 9
+ 869. Theodore was Abbot of Crowland in England and he and his monks were martyred by the Danes. Besides the abbot, several others were mentioned by name: Askega and Swethin, Elfgete, a deacon, Sabinus, a subdeacon, Egdred and Ulric, and also Grimkeld and Agamund, both centenarians.

Waldetrudis (Vaudru) Apr 9
+ c 688. Daughter of Sts Walbert and Bertilia, wife of St Vincent Madelgarus and mother of Sts Landericus, Dentelin, Madalberta and Aldetrudis. When her husband became a monk she founded a convent and became a nun. The town of Mons in Belgium grew up around the convent.

April 10

Bede the Younger Apr 10
+ 883. A court official, he became a monk at the monastery of Gavello near Rovigo in the north of Italy. He refused to become a bishop.

Beocca, Ethor and Companions Apr 10
+ 869. In their onslaught on England, the Danes attacked monasteries in particular. They martyred Sts Beocca, Abbot, Ethor, monk-priest and some ninety monks at Chertsey in Surrey; at Peterborough they martyred St Hedda, Abbot, and others at his monastery; at Thorney, St Torthred and others.

Macarius of Antioch Apr 10
+ 1012. Born in Antioch, he was a bishop who travelled westwards as a pilgrim and was received by monks at the monastery of St Bavo in Ghent in Belgium.

Palladius Apr 10
+ 661. Abbot of St Germanus in Auxerre in France, he became bishop there and founded several monasteries.

Rome (Martyrs of) Apr 10
+ c 115. A number of criminals baptised by Pope Alexander during his imprisonment. They were taken to Ostia near Rome and put on board a boat which was then scuttled.

Terence, Africanus, Pompeius and Companions Apr 10
+ 250. A group of fifty martyrs, imprisoned with snakes and scorpions and finally beheaded in Carthage in North Africa under Decius.

April 11

Agericus (Aguy, Airy) Apr 11
+ c 680. A disciple of St Eligius (Eloi) who became Abbot of St Martin’s in Tours in France.

Domnio and Companions Apr 11
? One of the first to enlighten Dalmatia, where he was martyred as first Bishop of Salona, probably during the persecution of Diocletian.

Godebertha Apr 11
+ c 700. Born near Amiens in France, in 657 she became a nun at Noyon and was the first abbess of the convent founded there.

Guthlac Apr 11
673-714. From being a warrior in the army of Ethelred, King of Mercia, Guthlac became a monk at Repton in England. Afterwards he went to live as a hermit in the fens, where he spent the last fifteen years of his life like a desert-father. Later the monastery of Crowland grew up at the place where he had lived.

Isaac Apr 11
+ c 550. A Syrian monk who fled from the Monophysite persecution and founded a monastery in Monteluco near Spoleto. He was one of the restorers of ascetic life in 6th century Italy.

Machai Apr 11
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick who founded a monastery on the Isle of Bute in Scotland.

Maedhog (Aedhan, Mogue) Apr 11
6th cent. An abbot whose main monastery was Clonmore in Ireland.

April 12

Alferius, (Alpherius, Adalfericus) Apr 12
930-1050. A Norman by origin, he was born in Salerno. Sent as an ambassador to France, there he fell ill and became a monk. The Duke of Salerno asked for his return and Alferius settled at Mt Fenestra near Salerno. There he founded the monastery of La Cava which became very influential in the south of Italy.

Constantine Apr 12
+ 529. The first Bishop of Gap in France.

Damian Apr 12
+ 710. Bishop of Pavia in Lombardy in Italy, he vigorously opposed Monothelitism.

Erkemboden Apr 12
+ 714. A monk at Sithin in Saint-Omer in France, who succeeded the founder, St Bertinus, as abbot. Later he was Bishop of Thérouanne for twenty-six years.

Julius I Apr 12
+ 352. Pope of Rome from 337 to 352. He defended St Athanasius against his Arian accusers and also built many churches.

Tetricus Apr 12
+ 707. Abbot of the monastery of St Germanus in Auxerre in France who then became Bishop of Auxerre by popular acclamation. He was murdered in his sleep.

Victor Apr 12
+ c 300. A catechumen martyred in Braga in Portugal under Diocletian, thus baptised in his own blood.

Vissia Apr 12
+ c 250. A virgin-martyr in Fermo near Ancona in Italy under Decius.

Wigbert Apr 12
+ 690. Born in England, he became a disciple of St Egbert in Ireland. He spent two years in Friesland in Holland but later returned to Ireland.

Zeno April 12
+ 371 Born in North Africa, he became Bishop of Verona in Italy at the time of Julian the Apostate. He was remembered as a fervent pastor and a fierce opponent of Arianism.

April 13

Guinoc Apr 13
+ c 838. A bishop in Scotland.

Hermenegild Apr 13
+ 586. Son of the Visigothic King of Spain, Leovigild, he was brought up as an Arian in Seville. He became Orthodox on his marriage to the daughter of Sigebert of Austrasia, at which his father disinherited him. Hermenegild rose up in arms, was defeated, captured and refusing to give up his Faith, was martyred at the instigation of his stepmother.

Martin I Apr 13 (In the East Apr 14)
+ 655. Born in Umbria, he was elected Pope of Rome in 649. He called a Council at once and condemned Monothelitism. Imperial wrath fell on him and in 653 he was deported to Naxos in the Aegean. The following year he was condemned to death at a mock trial and finally taken as a prisoner to the Chersonese where he died of starvation.

Martius Apr 13
+ c 530. Born in Auvergne in France, he lived an ascetic life on a mountainside and later built a monastery for his disciples.

Ursus Apr 13
+ 396. Born in a noble family in Sicily, he converted and fled from his father’s wrath to Ravenna in Italy, where he became bishop in 378.

April 14

Abundius Apr 14
+ c 564. A sacrist at St Peter’s in Rome.

Domnina and Companions Apr 14
69 ? A virgin martyred in Terni in Italy at the same time as Bishop Valentine.

Lambert of Lyons Apr 14
+ 688. Born in the north of France, he became a monk at Fontenelle with St Wandrille whom he succeeded as abbot in 666. In 678 he became Bishop of Lyons.

Martin I Apr 13 (In the East Apr 14)
+ 655. Born in Umbria, he was elected Pope of Rome in 649. He called a Council at once and condemned Monothelitism. Imperial wrath fell on him and in 653 he was deported to Naxos in the Aegean. The following year he was condemned to death at a mock trial and finally taken as a prisoner to the Chersonese where he died of starvation.

Tassach Apr 14
+ c 495? One of St Patrick’s earliest disciples and first Bishop of Raholp in Ireland.

Tiburtius, Valerian and Maximus Apr 14
3rd century? Martyrs in Rome.

April 15

Anastasia and Basilissa (Vasilissa) Apr 15
+ c 68. Noble Roman ladies, disciples of the Apostles Peter and Paul, whose bodies they buried. They were martyred under Nero.

Eutychius Apr 15
? A martyr in Ferentino in Italy.

Hunna Apr 15
+ 679. The self-sacrificing wife of a nobleman in Alsace, now in France.

Laurentinus Sossius Apr 15
+ 485. A boy aged five, martyred on Good Friday in Valrovina near Vicenza in Italy.

Maro, Eutyches and Victorinus Apr 15
+ c 99. They belonged to the circle of Flavia Domitilla, whom they accompanied in exile to the island of Ponza. Eventually they returned to Rome and were martyred under Trajan.

Mundus (Munde, Mund, Mond) Apr 15
+ c 962. An abbot who founded several monasteries in Argyle in Scotland.

Nidger (Nidgar, Nitgar) Apr 15
+ c 829. Abbot of Ottobeuren in Bavaria. He became Bishop of Augsburg in Germany.

Paternus (Padarn) Apr 15
5th-6th cent. Together with others he founded the monastery of Llanbadarn Fawr (i.e. the great monastery of Padarn) near Aberystwyth in Wales. He preached the Gospel there.

Paternus (Pern) Apr 15
+ c 500. Bishop of Vannes in Brittany.

Ruadan (Ruadhan, Rodan) Apr 15
+ 584. One of the leading disciples of St Finian of Clonard, he founded the monastery of Lothra in Ireland.

Silvester Apr 15
+ c 625. Second Abbot of Moutier-Saint-Jean (Réome) near Dijon in France.

April 16

Elias Apr 16
+ 1042. Born in Ireland, he became monk and abbot in 1020 of the Irish monasteries of St Martin the Great and St Pantaleon in Cologne in Germany.

Encratia (Encratis, Encratide, Engracia) Apr 16
+ ? 304. A virgin who suffered terribly for Orthodoxy in Saragossa in Spain, where a church dedicated to her now exists. She was famous for ‘her ardour in suffering for Christ’. Though counted a martyr, she outlived her torments.

Fructuosus Apr 16
+ 665. Born in Spain, he became a monk and then a hermit in the Vierzo Mountains, where disciples gathered around him. Fructuosus was eventually forced to become Bishop of Dumium and later Archbishop of Braga.

Herveus (Hervé) of Tours Apr 16
+ 1021. Born in Touraine in France, he became a monk at the monastery of St Martin of Tours and lived as a hermit.

Lambert of Saragossa Apr 16
+ c 900. A servant who was martyred near Saragossa in Spain by his Saracen master.

Paternus (Pair) Apr 16 and Sept 23
+ c 574 (or 563). Born in Poitiers in France, he became a monk at Ansion and later a hermit near Coutances. Eventually he became Bishop of Avranches.

Saragossa, The Eighteen Martyrs: Optatus, Lupercus, Successus, Martial, Urban, Julia, Quintilian, Publius, Fronto, Felix, Caecilian, Eventius, Primitivus, Apodemius and four named Saturninus Apr 16
+ c 304. Martyrs in Saragossa in Spain under Diocletian and the prefect Dacian. Prudentius, who lived in Saragossa a lifetime later, described their martyrdom.

Turibius of Astorga Apr 16
+ c 460. Bishop of Astorga in Spain and a valiant defender of Orthodoxy.

Turibius of Palencia Apr 16
+ c 528. Founder of the monastery of Liébana in Asturias in Spain.

Vasius (Vaise, Vaize) Apr 16
+ c 500. A rich citizen of Saintes in France, murdered by his relatives for giving his property to the poor.

April 17

Agapitus I Sept 20 and April 22 (In the East Apr 17)
+ 536. Born in Rome, he was elected Pope of Rome in May 535 and reposed in Constantinople on April 22 536. As Pope he showed great strength of character in opposing Monophysitism. His relics were brought back to Rome on Sept 20, when he was commemorated a second time.

Anicetus Apr 17
+ 166. A Syrian by descent, he was Bishop of Rome from about 152 till 166. During this period St Polycarp of Smyrna visited Rome to settle with him the question of the date of Easter. Anicetus took a firm stand against the Gnostics and may have been martyred.

Donnan (Dounan) and Companions Apr 17
+ 618. St Donnan was a monk at Iona with St Columba and founded a monastery on the Island of Eigg in the Inner Hebrides, off the west coast of Scotland. He and his fifty-two monks were massacred by heathen raiders on Easter Sunday 618.

Elias, Paul and Isidore Apr 17
+ 856. Elias, a priest in Cordoba, was martyred in his old age by the Moors, together with Sts Paul and Isidore, two of his spiritual children. An eyewitness, St Eulogius, wrote an account of their martyrdom.

Fortunatus and Marcian Apr 17
? Martyrs, perhaps in Antioch, but more probably in North Africa.

Innocent of Tortona Apr 17
+ c 350. A confessor under Diocletian, he was scourged and just escaped death. He was later ordained priest and became Bishop of Tortona in Italy (c 326).

Landericus (Landry) Apr 17
7th cent. The eldest son of Sts Madelgarus and Waldetrudis. From 641 to 650 he was Bishop of Meaux in France, but on the repose of his father he succeeded him as Abbot of Soignies.

Mappalicus and Companions Apr 17
+ 250. Martyrs in Carthage in North Africa under Decius.

Pantagathus Apr 17
475-540. A courtier who later became Bishop of Vienne in France.

Villicus Apr 17
+ 568. A very virtuous Bishop of Metz in France 543-568.

Wando (Vando) Apr 17
+ c 756. A monk and Abbot of Fontenelle in France. As a result of a false accusation he was exiled to Troyes but was reinstated after his innocence had been proved.

April 18

Agia (Aia, Austregildis, Aye) Apr 18
+ c 714. Wife of St Hidulf of Hainault in Belgium. Both desired the monastic life and she entered the convent in Mons.

Apollonius the Apologist Apr 18
+ c 190. A Roman senator, denounced as a Christian by one of his own slaves and condemned to be beheaded. His eloquent defence of Orthodoxy, delivered before the Senate at his trial is a priceless document of the Faith.

Bitheus and Genocus Apr 18
6th cent. Two monks from Britain who accompanied St Finian of Clonard to Ireland and gained a reputation for holiness.

Calocerus Apr 18
? An officer of the Emperor Hadrian martyred in Brescia in Italy.

Cogitosus Apr 18
? 8th cent. A monk at Kildare in Ireland who probably wrote the Life of St Brigid.

Corebus Apr 18
c 117-138. A prefect of Messina in Sicily, converted to Christ by St Eleutherius and martyred under the Emperor Hadrian.

Deicola (Dicul) April 18
Late 7th cent. Born in Ireland, he preached Christ in England in Norfolk and in Sussex. Dickleburgh in Norfolk may be named after him.

Eleutherius and Anthia Apr 18
+ 117-138. Eleutherius, Bishop of Illyria, his mother Anthia and eleven others were martyred in Illyria under Hadrian.

Laserian (Molaisse) Apr 18
+ 639. He founded the monastery and bishopric of Leighlin in Ireland.

Perfectus Apr 18
+ 851 A priest in Cordoba in Spain, martyred by Muslims on Easter Sunday.

Wicterp (Wiho, Wicho) Apr 18
+ 749. Abbot of Ellwangen in Germany. He helped found monasteries at Fussen, Wessobrunn and Kempten, all of which became famous. He later became the tenth Bishop of Augsburg.

April 19

Alphege the Martyr Apr 19
954-1012. A monk at Deerhurst in Gloucestershire in England, then Abbot of Bath, he became Bishop of Winchester in 984 and thirtieth Archbishop of Canterbury in 1005. He was greatly loved by his flock and during the Danish invasion of 1011 he was urged to pay a ransom. He refused, was taken prisoner and martyred in Greenwich, the only Orthodox Archbishop of Canterbury to be martyred. His relics were enshrined in St Paul’s in London and later in Canterbury.

Crescentius Apr 19
+ c 396. A subdeacon in Florence in Italy and a disciple of St Zenobius and St Ambrose.

Gerold Apr 19
+ 978. Of the family of the Counts of Saxony in Germany, he donated his land to the monastery of Einsiedeln in Swizerland where his two sons, Cuno and Ulric, were monks. He went to live as a hermit at a village near Mitternach.

Ursmar Apr 19
+ 713. Abbot-bishop of the Monastery of Lobbes on the Sambre and founder of Aulne and Wallers, also in present-day Belgium. His work as a bishop in Flanders was of great importance.

Vincent of Collioure Apr 19
+ c 304. A martyr in Collioure in Languedoc in the south of France under Diocletian.

April 20

Ceadwalla (Cadwalla) Apr 20
+ 689. A King of Wessex in England, he was a cruel and cunning pagan. He was converted and went to Rome, where he was baptised by Pope Sergius and died in the white robe of baptism.

Gundebert Apr 20
8th cent. He married St Bertha and was the brother of St Nivard. He separated from his wife, became a monk, went to Ireland and was martyred there by heathen.

Harduin Apr 20
+ 811. Born near Rouen he became a monk at Fontenelle in France (749). After a time he went to live as a hermit nearby and copied writings of the Fathers.

Hugh of Anzy-le-Duc Apr 20
+ c 930. Born in Poitiers in France, he became a monk at Saint Savin. Later he restored monastic life in several monasteries. He reposed at Anzy-le-Duc.

Marcellinus, Vincent and Domninus Apr 20
+ c 374. Born in North Africa, they went to France and preached in the Dauphiné. St Marcellinus was consecrated first Bishop of Embrun by St Eusebius of Vercelli. The relics of the three saints are venerated in Digne in the Alps.

Marcian of Auxerre Apr 20
+ c 470. Born in Bourges in France, he became a monk at the monastery of Sts Cosmas and Damian in Auxerre.

Sulpicius and Servilian Apr 20
+ c 117. Martyrs in Rome who were beheaded under Trajan.

April 21

Beuno Apr 21
+ c 640. Born in Wales, he founded monasteries at Llanfeuno in Herefordshire and Llanymynech. His name is chiefly connected with Clynnog Fawr in Gwynedd.

Cyprian Apr 21
+ 582. Bishop of Brescia in Italy. His relics are enshrined in the church of San Pietro in Oliveto in Brescia.

Frodulphus (Frou) Apr 21
+ c 750. A disciple of St Medericus (Merry), he became a monk at St Martin’s in Autun in France, from where he was driven by the Saracens and he settled in Barjon.

Maelrubius (Maolrubha) Apr 21
+ c 724. A monk at St Comgall’s monastery at Bangor, who went to Iona. He afterwards founded a church at Applecross on the north-west coast of Scotland.

April 22

Agapitus I Sept 20 and April 22 (In the East Apr 17)
+ 536. Born in Rome, he was elected Pope of Rome in May 535 and reposed in Constantinople on April 22 536. As Pope he showed great strength of character in opposing Monophysitism. His relics were brought back to Rome on Sept 20, when he was commemorated a second time.

Arwald Apr 22
+ 686. Two brothers, sons of Arwald, a prince in the Isle of Wight, whose proper names are lost. They were put to death by soldiers of King Ceadwalla, then a  pagan, on the day after their baptism.

Clement Nov 23 (In the East Jan 4, Apr 22, Sept 10 and Nov 25)
+ c 101. One of the Seventy Apostles, he was the third Pope of Rome. Consecrated by the Apostle Peter, he is mentioned in Philippians 4,3 and wrote a letter to the Church of Corinth which still exists. He is venerated as a martyr and he is remembered in Rome by the church of San Clemente, which may have been built on the site of his home.

Epipodius and Alexander Apr 22
+ 178. Two young friends and citizens of Lyons in France, martyred under Marcus Aurelius. St Epipodius was beheaded. St Alexander is also commemorated on April 24.

Gaius Apr 22 (In the East Aug 11)
+ 296. Born in Dalmatia, he became Pope of Rome and was martyred with members of his family.

Leo of Sens Apr 22
+ 541. Bishop of Sens in France for twenty-three years.

Opportuna Apr 22
+ c 770. Born near Ayesmes in the north of France, she was the sister of St Chrodegang, Bishop of Séez. At an early age she became a nun at the convent of Monteuil, of which she became abbess. She was described as ‘a true mother to all her nuns’.

Senorina Apr 22
+ 982. She was related to St Rudesind of Mondoñedo. Entrusted to the care of her aunt, Abbess Godina at the convent of St John of Venaria (Vieyra), she later became its abbess. As such she moved the convent to Basto near Braga in Portugal.

Soter Apr 22
+ c 174. Like most Orthodox in Rome at this time, he was a Greek. He became Pope and corresponded with the Church of Corinth and traditionally he is regarded as a martyr.

April 23

Adalbert (Voitech) Apr 23
956-997. Born in Czechia, he became Bishop of Prague (983). Disheartened, he went to Rome and became a monk. Twice he returned to his former mission and twice he had to abandon it. On each occasion he preached in Poland, Prussia and Hungary. He was martyred by the Prussians near Danzig.

Felix, Fortunatus and Achilleus Apr 23
+ 212. St Felix, a priest, and his two deacons, Fortunatus and Achilleus, were sent by St Irenaeus of Lyons to enlighten the area around Vienne in France, where they were martyred.

Gerard of Toul Apr 23
+ 994. Born in Cologne in Germany, he became Bishop of Toul in France in 963. He rebuilt the Cathedral and established monasteries with both Greek and Irish monks for the furtherance of the Orthodox Faith.

Ibar (Iberius, Ivor) Apr 23
5th cent. One of those who like Sts Kiaran, Ailbe and Declan enlightened Ireland. He mainly preached in Leinster and Meath.

Marolus Apr 23
+ 423. A Syrian by origin, he became Bishop of Milan in Italy in 408.

Pusinna Apr 23
5th-6th cent. A holy virgin in Champagne in France who had six sisters, all widely honoured as saints.

April 24

Alexander and Companions Apr 24
+ 178. A Greek by birth and the friend and companion of St Epipodius of Lyons in France. He was arrested and martyred with thirty-four others.

Authaire (Oye) Apr 24
7th cent. A courtier at the palace of King Dagobert I of France and father of St Ouen of Rouen. He is the patron-saint of the village of La-Ferté-sous-Jouarre where he lived.

Bova and Doda Apr 24
7th cent. St Bova was a sister and St Doda a niece of St Balderic (Baudry), who founded Montfaucon and the convent of St Peter in Rheims in France. Bova was the first abbess and was succeeded by Doda.

Deodatus (Dié) Apr 24
+ c 525. A hermit near Blois in France. Later the town of Saint-Dié grew up around his cell.

Dyfnan Apr 24
5th cent. Born in Wales, he founded a church in Anglesey.

Egbert Apr 24
+ 729. A monk at Lindisfarne in England, he moved to Ireland and lived at Rathelmigisi in Connaught. Here he prepared several monks to preach the Gospel in Germany. He went to Iona in Scotland and persuaded the monks to adopt the Orthodox date for Easter.

Gregory of Elvira Apr 24
+ c 394. Bishop of Elvira in the south of Spain. He was one of the champions of Orthodoxy against Arianism and one of the few bishops who at Rimini in 359 consistently refused to compromise with them.

Honorius of Brescia Apr 24
+ c 586. A hermit near Brescia in Italy who was chosen bishop of that city (c 577).

Ivo Apr 24
? According to tradition he was a Persian bishop who became a hermit in Huntingdonshire in England. St Ives in Huntingdonshire is called after him.

Mellitus Apr 24
+ 624. Abbot of St Andrew’s on the Coelian Hill in Rome, he was sent by St Gregory the Great to England in 601. He spent three years in Kent, and then became Bishop of London. He was exiled to France for refusing to give communion to apostates. In 619 he was recalled to Kent to succeed St Laurence as third Archbishop of Canterbury.

Sabas and Companions Apr 24
+ 272. An officer of Gothic descent, martyred with seventy companions in Rome under Aurelian.

April 25

Erminus Apr 25
+ 737. Born in Laon in France, he became a monk at Lobbes in Belgium and later abbot and bishop.

Evodius, Hermogenes and Callista Apr 25
? By tradition martyrs in Syracuse in Sicily.

Heribaldus Apr 25
+ c 857. Monk and abbot of the monastery of St Germanus in Auxerre in France and later bishop of the same city.

Macaille Apr 25
+ c 489. A disciple of Mel who became Bishop of Croghan in Offaly in Ireland.

Mella Apr 25
+ c 780. Born in Connaught in Ireland, Mella was the mother of two saints, Cannech and Tigernach. After the death of her husband, she became a nun and Abbess of Doire-Melle.

Phaebadius (Fiari) Apr 25
+ c 392. A bishop of Agen in the south of France who succeeded in stamping out Arianism in Gaul, together with his friend St Hilary of Poitiers. He was one of the best known bishops of his time and presided over several Councils.

Robert of Syracuse Apr 25
+ c 1000. Abbot of a monastery in Syracuse in Sicily.

April 26

Clarentius Apr 26
+ c 620. The successor of St Etherius as Bishop of Vienne in France.

Exuperantia Apr 26
? A saint whose relics are venerated in Troyes in France.

Lucidius Apr 26
? Bishop of Verona in Italy.

Marcellinus Apr 26 (In the East June 7)
+ 304. A Pope of Rome, who may have been martyred in repentance for his previous errors.

Peter of Braga Apr 26
? First Bishop and martyr of Braga in Portugal.

Richarius (Riquier) Apr 26
+ c 645. Born at Centula (Celles) near Amiens in the north of France, he became a priest and founded a monastery in his native village, later called Saint-Riquier after him,. He was the first to devote himself to the work of ransoming captives and reposed a hermit.

Trudpert Apr 26
+ c ? 644. A hermit, possibly from Ireland, who lived in Münstethal in Germany. He may later have been murdered. The monastery of St Trudpert was built on the site.

April 27

Asicus (Ascicus,Tassach) Apr 27
+ c 490. One of the earliest disciples of St Patrick, who put him at the head of the monastery and diocese of Elphin in Ireland, where he is venerated as patron-saint. He excelled as a coppersmith and some examples of his work still exist.

Enoder (Cynidr, Kenedr, Quidic) Apr 27
6th cent. Llangynidr in Powys in Wales is named after him, as also St Enoder or Enodoc in Cornwall and Kenderchurch in Herefordshire in England.

Floribert Apr 27
+ 746. Bishop of Liège in Belgium.

Liberalis Apr 27
+ c 400. A priest from the area near Ancona in Italy, he worked for the conversion of the Arians and suffered much at their hands. His relics are enshrined at Treviso.

Tertullian Apr 27
+ c 490. Eighth Bishop of Bologna in Italy.

Theophilus Apr 27
+ c 427. Bishop of Brescia in Italy and the successor of St Gaudentius.

Winewald Apr 27
+ c 731. The successor of St Berchtun as Abbot of Beverley in England.

April 28

Adalbero Apr 28
+ 909. Uncle of St Ulric, he became a monk in 850 and then Abbot of Ellwangen in Germany. He restored the monastery of Lorsch and became Bishop of Augsburg.

Aphrodisius, Caralippus, Agapius and Eusebius Apr 28
? Early martyrs in Languedoc in France. Their story is told by Gregory of Tours.

Artemius Apr 28
+ 609. Born in Sens in France, he became bishop there. He called to public penance a Spaniard named Baldus (in French Bond) who became a spiritual son and who was also venerated as a saint.

Cronan of Roscrea Apr 28
+ c 626. Born in Munster, he founded several monasteries in various parts of Ireland, especially Roscrea.

Gerard Apr 28
639? By tradition he was one of four pilgrims from England – the other three were Ardwine, Bernard and Hugh – they all reposed in Galinaro in the south of Italy.

Mark of Galilee Apr 28
+ 92. By tradition, a Galilean and the first bishop, and also martyr, of the Abruzzi in Italy.

Pamphilus Apr 28
+ c 700. Bishop of Sulmona and Corfinium in the Abruzzi in Italy.

Pollio Apr 28
+ c 304. A reader of the church of Cybalae in Pannonia, burnt alive under Diocletian.

Prudentius Apr 28
+ c 700. Born in Armentia in Spain, he became a hermit, was ordained priest and became Bishop of Tarazona in Aragon.

Valeria Apr 28
? 1st cent. An early martyr in Milan in Italy.

April 29

Agapius and Companions Apr 29
c 259. Born in Spain, Agapius and Secundinus, bishops or priests, were exiled to Cirta in Numidia in North Africa in the persecution under Valerian. There they suffered martyrdom together with Tertulla and Antonia, virgins, and a certain woman with her twin children.

Ava (Avia) Apr 29
+ c 845. A niece of King Pepin, in her childhood and youth she was blind, but she was miraculously healed by St Rainfredis. She became a nun at Denain in Hainault, now in Belgium, where she became abbess.

Daniel Apr 29
9th cent. Born in Asia Minor, he became a hermit and was martyred in Spain.

Dictinus Apr 29
5th cent. The first convert of St Patrick in Ulster in Ireland. He was originally a swineherd. After his conversion he continued to the end faithful to Christ.

Endellion Apr 29
? 6th cent. Probably born in Cornwall, she was the sister of St Nectan of Hartland. Part of her shrine in St Endellion in Cornwall still exists.

Fiachan (Fianchine) Apr 29
7th cent. Born in Munster in Ireland, he was a monk at Lismore and a disciple of St Carthage the Younger.

Paulinus of Brescia Apr 29
+ c 545. Bishop of Brescia in Italy (c 524-545). His relics are enshrined in the church of San Pietro in Oliveto.

Senan Apr 29
7th cent. A hermit in the north of Wales.

Severus Apr 29
+ 409. Bishop of Naples in Italy and a famous wonderworker. He raised a dead man to life so that he bear witness in favour of his persecuted widow.

Torpes Apr 29
+ c 65. A martyr in Pisa in Italy under Nero.

Wilfrid the Younger Apr 29
+ 744. A monk and favourite disciple of St John of Beverley in England, whom he succeeded. Before his repose he lived at the monastery at Ripon.

April 30

Amator, Peter and Louis Apr 30
+ 855. Amator was born in Martos near Cordoba in Spain, where he was ordained priest. Together with a monk, Peter by name, and a layman called Louis, he was martyred by the Saracens for publicly confessing Christ.

Cynwl Apr 30
6th cent. The brother of St Deiniol, first Bishop of Bangor. He lived an ascetic life in the north of Wales and several churches were dedicated to him.

Desideratus Apr 30
+ c 569. A hermit who lived in Gourdon near Châlon-sur-Saône in France.

Erconwald (Erkenwald) Apr 30
+ 693. Of noble origin in the east of England, he founded a monastery in Chertsey and a convent in Barking. He became abbot of the former and his sister St Ethelburgh the abbess of the latter. In 675 he became Bishop of London. His shrine at St Paul’s became a centre of veneration and he was called ‘The Light of London’.

Eutropius Apr 30
c 250? One of the companions of St Dionysius of Paris. He is honoured as the first Bishop of Saintes and martyr.

Forannan Apr 30
+ 982. Born in Ireland, he went to the monastery of Waulsort on the Meuse in Belgium and became a monk and in 962 abbot.

Laurence of Novara and Companions Apr 30
+ c 397. He helped St Gaudentius, Bishop of Novara, in Piedmont in Italy. He was martyred with a group of children whom he was instructing.

Marianus, James and Companions Apr 30
+ 259. Martyrs in Lambesa, an ancient town in Numidia in North Africa. Marianus was a reader and James a deacon.

Pomponius Apr 30
+ 536. Bishop of Naples in Italy (508-536). He was a strong opponent of Arianism.

Sophia Apr 30
+ c 250. A virgin from Fermo in central Italy martyred under Decius.

Swithbert the Younger Apr 30
+ 807. Born in England, he joined the missionaries in Germany and became Bishop of Werden in Westphalia.

May 1

Acius (Ache) and Aceolus (Acheul) May 1
+ c 303. The former a deacon, the latter a subdeacon, they were martyred near Amiens in France under Diocletian.

Amator (Amatre, Amadour) May 1
+ 418. Bishop of Auxerre in France. He had been married to a holy woman, venerated locally as St Martha. St Amator ordained as priest his successor St Germanus who left us the Life of his predecessor.

Andeolus May 1
+ 208. A subdeacon from Smyrna sent to France by St Polycarp. He is said to have been martyred near Viviers on the Rhône.

Arigius May 1
535-604. Bishop of Gap in France for twenty years, he was a fine pastor.

Asaph May 1
+ c 600. One of St Kentigern’s monks in the north of Wales. He is believed to have succeeded St Kentigern as abbot and bishop, leaving his own name to the see now in Clwyd. Many of his relatives are also venerated as saints.

Benedict of Szkalka May 1
+ 1012. A hermit on Mount Zobor in Hungary. He was a disciple of St Andrew Zorard. Renowned for his asceticism, he was murdered by robbers in 1012.

Bertha May 1
+ c 680. Foundress of Avenay in France, she is honoured as a martyr.

Brieuc (Briocus, Brioc) May 1
c 420-510. Born in Dyfed in Wales, he went to Brittany where he founded two monasteries, one near Tréguier and the other in what is now St Brieuc. He is also venerated in Cornwall.

Ceallach (Kellach) May 1
6th cent. A disciple of St Kieran of Clonmacnoise, he became Bishop of Killala in Ireland. He ended his life as a hermit and may have been martyred.

Cominus May 1
? A martyr in Catania in Sicily.

Evermarus May 1
+ c 700. A pilgrim murdered by robbers in Rousson near Tongres in Belgium.

Grata May 1
4th (or 8th) cent. A holy woman from Bergamo in Italy, zealous in securing Christian burial for the bodies of the martyrs.

Marculf May 1
+ 558. The founder of a monastery of hermits on the Egyptian model in Nanteuil in France.

Orentius (or Orientius) of Auch May 1
+ c 439. A hermit in the Lavendan valley near Tarbes in France, whom the people of Auch insisted on having for bishop. He was their pastor for over forty years.

Orentius and Patientia May 1
+ c 240. A husband and wife who lived at Loret near Huesca in Spain. An ancient Spanish tradition makes them the parents of St Laurence the Martyr.

Sigismund May 1
+ 523. A Vandal by origin and by character, he was King of the Burgundians in what is now eastern France. He repented for his sins by giving generously to the Church and the poor. He was murdered near the monastery of Agaunum in Switzerland which he had built and was then honoured as a martyr.

Theodard May 1
+ 893. A monk at the monastery of St Martin in Montauriol in France, he became Archbishop of Narbonne. Later the monastery was named St Audard after him.

May 2

Bertin the Younger May 2
+ c 699. A monk at Sithin in France.

Felix of Seville May 2
? A deacon martyred in all probability in Seville in Spain.

Germanus May 2
+ c 460. Probably born in Ireland, he was converted by St Germanus of Auxerre whose name he took. He was martyred in France.

Neachtain May 2
5th cent. A relative of St Patrick of Ireland at whose repose he was present.

Ultan May 2
7th cent. Born in Ireland, he was the brother of Sts Fursey and Foillan and a monk with them at Burgh Castle near Yarmouth in England. From there he went to Belgium, where he was welcomed by St Gertrude of Nivelles. He served as a priest in the convent there until he succeeded St Foillan as Abbot of Fosses and Peronne.

Valentine May 2
+ c 307? Bishop of Genoa in Italy c 295-307.

Vindemialis, Eugene and Longinus May 2
+ c 485. Bishops in North Africa martyred by the Arian Vandal King Hunneric who inflicted horrible tortures on them.

Waldebert (Walbert, Gaubert) May 2
+ c 668. A monk and from about 628 Abbot of Luxeuil in France. The monastery was very influential and St Waldebert helped St Salaberga found a convent in Laon.

Wiborada (Guiborat, Weibrath) May 2
+ 925. A Swabian noble in Germany. When her brother became a monk at St Gall in Switzerland, she became an anchoress not far away, and here she lived the rest of her life. She was martyred by invading Hungarians.

May 3

Adalsindis May 3
c 680. Sister of St Waldalenus, founder of the monastery of Bèze in France. She became abbess of a convent near Bèze.

Aldwyn May 3
8th cent. Abbot of Partney in Lincolnshire in England.

Alexander I May 3 (In the East March 16)
c 115. The fifth Pope of Rome from c 107 to c 115.

Alexander, Eventius and Theodulus May 3
+ c 113. Three martyrs buried on the Via Nomentana in Rome.

Ansfridus May 3
+ 1010. Count of Brabant in Belgium, in 992 he built the convent of Thorn for his daughter and wife, himself wishing to become a monk. Instead he was made Archbishop of Utrecht in Holland. As such, he founded the monastery of Hohorst (Heiligenberg) and, when stricken with blindness, went there, fulfilling his ambition of living as a monk and reposing there.

Elwin (Ethelwin) May 3
8th cent. The second Bishop of Lindsey. He was a close friend of St Egbert whom he accompanied to Ireland and where he reposed.

Gluvias (Glywys) May 3
6th cent. Brother of St Cadoc of Llancarfan in Wales, he went to Cornwall, where he founded a monastery. A church in Cornwall is dedicated to him.

Juvenal of Narni May 3
+ 369. First Bishop of Narni in central Italy.

Philip of Zell May 3
+ c 770. A pilgrim from England, he settled as a hermit near Worms in Germany. With several disciples, he founded the monastery of Zell – so called from his own original cell – which later grew into the town of Zell.

Scannal May 3
+ c 563. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine in Ireland was a disciple of St Columba.

May 4

Antony May 4
6th cent. By tradition a disciple of St Benedict and companion of St Maurus in his mission to France. He was the founder of the monastery of Saint Julian in Tours. He is called ‘du Rocher’ because he ended his days as a hermit at a place called le Rocher.

Conleth May 4
+ c 519. A hermit in Old Connell on the River Liffey in Ireland. St Brigid came to know him and he became the spiritual father of her nuns at Kildare, of which he became the first bishop. He was a metalworker and very skilled as a copyist and illuminator.

Cunegund May 4
+ c 1052. A nun at the convent of Niedermunster in Ratisbon in Germany.

Curcodomus May 4
3rd cent. A deacon in Rome sent to help St Peregrinus, first Bishop of Auxerre in France.

Cyriacus (Quiriacus) May 4
? A Bishop of Ancona in Italy who was martyred under Julian the Apostate in the Holy Land.

Ethelred (Ailred) May 4
+ 716. King of Mercia in England, he abdicated in order to become a monk at Bardney where he later became abbot.

Florian May 4
+ 304. A senior Roman officer in Noricum, now Upper Austria, he was drowned in the River Enns near Lorsch under Diocletian. He is the patron-saint of Upper Austria and Poland.

Godehard (Godard, Gothard) May 4
+ Born in Bavaria, he became a monk at Niederaltaich in Germany. Later he restored monastic life elsewhere. The monasteries of Tegernsee, Hersfeld and Kremsmünster all received abbots from Niederaltaich. In 1022 he became Bishop of Hildesheim and did much to spread the Faith.

Hilsindis May 4
+ 1028. A widowed noblewoman who founded the convent of Thorn on the Marne in France.

Nepotian May 4
+ 395. Nephew of St Heliodorus, Bishop of Altino near Venice in Italy, by whom he was ordained after leaving his high position as an officer in the imperial bodyguard.

Paulinus of Sinigaglia May 4
+ 826. Bishop and now patron-saint of Sinigaglia in Italy.

Paulinus May 4
? A martyr whose relics are enshrined in Cologne in Germany.

Porphyrius May 4
+ 250. A priest who preached in Umbria in Italy and was beheaded under Decius.

Sacerdos (Sardot, Sadroc, Sardou, Serdon, Serdot) May 4
670-c 720. Born in the neighbourhood of Sarlat in Périgord in France, he became a monk and eventually founded Calabre. He became Bishop of Limoges.

Venerius May 4
+ 409. Ordained deacon by St Ambrose, he later became Bishop of Milan. He is remembered as a loyal supporter of St John Chrysostom.

May 5

Brito (Britonius) May 5
+ 386. Bishop of Trier in Germany. A firm opponent of the Priscillianists, he also refused to hand them over for punishment by the State.

Crescentiana May 5
5th cent. An early martyr in Rome.

Echa (Etha) May 5
+ 767. A priest and hermit in Crayke near York in England.

Geruntius of Milan May 5
+ c 470. Successor of St Eusebius as Bishop of Milan in Italy (c 465-470).

Hilary May 5
c 400-449. Born in Lorraine in France, he gained high office. His relative and friend, St Honoratus, invited him to the monastery founded in Lérins. Hilary received baptism and became a monk there. When St Honoratus became Bishop of Arles, he took Hilary as his secretary. St Hilary succeeded him and was famed for his zeal.

Hydroc May 5
5th cent. The patron saint of Lanhydroc in Cornwall.

Jovinian May 5
+ c 300. A companion of St Peregrinus of Auxerre in France, whom he served as a reader. By tradition he was martyred.

Maurontus (Mauront) May 5
+ 701. Eldest son of Sts Adalbald and Rictrudis, he became a monk at Marchiennes in France. Eventually he founded a monastery at Breuil-sur-lys near Douai, of which he is the patron-saint.

Nectarius May 5
+ c 445. Bishop of Vienne in France.

Nicetus May 5
+ c 449. The fifteenth bishop of Vienne in France.

Sacerdos May 5
+ c 560. A saint venerated in Murviedro in Spain and said to have been bishop there.

Silvanus May 5
? A martyr in Rome.

Theodore of Bologna May 5
+ c 550. Bishop of Bologna in Italy c 530-c 550.

Waldrada May 5
+ c 620. First Abbess of Saint-Pierre-aux-Nonnais in Metz in France.

May 6

Benedicta May 6
6th cent. A nun of the convent founded in Rome by St Galla, whose repose was foretold to her by the Apostle Peter in a vision.

Edbert (Eadbert) May 6
+ 698. A monk at Lindisfarne in England, who succeeded St Cuthbert as Bishop. He was remarkable for his knowledge of the Holy Scriptures.

Heliodorus, Venustus and Companions May 6
3rd cent. A group of seventy-seven martyrs who suffered under Diocletian. Heliodorus and seven others were martyred in North Africa, the others in Milan.

Petronax May 6
+ c 747. Born in Brescia in Italy, he restored monastic life at Montecassino with only a few hermits who chose him as abbot. He is called ‘the second founder of Montecassino’

May 7

Domitian May 7
+ c 560. Bishop of Maastricht in Holland and Apostle of the Meuse valley. His relics were venerated at Huy.

John of Beverley May 7
+ 721. Born in Harpham in Yorkshire in England, he became a monk at Whitby. He was consecrated Bishop of Hexham and later became Bishop of York. He ordained St Bede and founded a monastery at Beverley.

Juvenal of Benevento May 7
+ c 132. A saint of Narni in Italy. His shrine is in Benevento.

Peter of Pavia May 7
+ c 735. Bishop of Pavia in Italy during the reign of Luitprand, King of the Lombards.

Placid (Placidus, Plait) May 7
+ c 675. Abbot of St Symphorian in Autun in France.

Serenicus and Serenus May 7
+ c 669. Two brothers belonging to a noble family in Spoleto in Italy. They became monks and later settled as hermits near the River Sarthe in France. Serenus remained a hermit till the end of his life, but Serenicus became the abbot of a monastery with some one hundred and forty monks.

May 8

Benedict II May 8
+ 685. Born in Rome, he became Pope of Rome in 683.

Boniface IV May 8
+ 615. Born in Valeria in the Abruzzi in Italy, he became a monk at St Sebastian in Rome. He became Pope of Rome from 608 to 615.

Desideratus May 8
6th cent. Successor of St Arcadius as Bishop of Bourges in France.

Dionysius May 8
+ c 193. The successor of St Justus as Bishop of Vienne in the Dauphiné in France.

Gibrian May 8
+ c 515. A hermit in Ireland, the eldest of five brothers and three sisters. All of them went to Brittany and became saints there. Their names are given as Tressan, Helan, Germanus, Abran (or Gibrian), Petran, Franca, Promptia and Possenna.

Helladius of Auxerre May 8
+ 387. Bishop of Auxerre in France for thirty years. He converted his successor, St Amator.

Ida (Ita, Iduberga) of Nivelles May 8
+ 652. A widow, she became a nun at Nivelles in Belgium under her daughter, St Gertrude.

Odrian May 8
? An early Bishop of Waterford in Ireland.

Victor the Moor May 8
+ 303. A soldier from Mauritania in North Africa, martyred in Milan in Italy under Maximian.

Wiro, Plechelm and Otger May 8
Born in England, Wiro reposed in c 753. He became Bishop of Utrecht in Holland and is one of the Apostles of Frisia. He and his two companions founded a monastery at Odilienburg.

May 9

Beatus May 9
? An early hermit, venerated as the Apostle of Switzerland. His hermitage was at the place now called Beatenberg above the Lake of Thun.

Gerontius May 9
c 501. Bishop of Cervia near Ravenna in Italy, he was murdered in Cagli on the Flaminian Way, which led to him being honoured as a martyr.

Gorfor May 9
? Patron of Llanover in Gwent in Wales.

Gregory of Ostia May 9
+ c 1044. Bishop of Ostia in Italy, he spent much time in Navarre and Old Castile in Spain. He reposed at Logroño.

John of Châlon May 9
+ c 475. Third Bishop of Châlon-sur-Saône in France, consecrated by St Patiens of Lyons.

Sanctan May 9
6th cent. Bishop of Kill-da-Les and Kill-na-Sanctan near Dublin in Ireland.

Vincent May 9
+ c 950. Abbot of St Peter de Montes in Spain and a disciple and successor of St Gennadius.

May 10

Alphius, Philadelphus and Cyrinus May 10
+ 251. Brothers from Sicily martyred under Decius. They were held in great veneration in Sicily, mainly in Lentini, where they are patron-saints.

Aurelian May 10
3rd cent. Disciple of St Martial of Limoges in France and eventually bishop of that city.

Calepodius, Palmatius, Simplicius, Felix, Blanda and Companions May 10
+ 222-232. Martyrs in Rome under Alexander Severus. Calepodius, a priest, was the first to suffer; St Palmatius, of consular rank, died with his wife and children and forty-two members of his household. St Simplicius, a senator, was martyred with sixty-five members of his family and dependents. Sts Felix and Blanda were husband and wife.

Cataldus May 10
7th cent. Born in Munster in Ireland, he became a monk at Lismore. On his return from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, he was chosen as bishop by the people of Taranto in the south of Italy. The Cathedral of Taranto is dedicated to him.

Comgall May 10
c 516-601. Born in Ulster in Ireland, he became a monk with St Fintan and founded the monastery of Bangor (Ben-Chor), where he was the spiritual father of St Columbanus and many other monks who later enlightened Central Europe. It seems that he lived for some time in Wales, Cornwall and Scotland.

Quartus and Quintus May 10
? Two citizens of Capua in Italy who were condemned and executed in Rome. Their relics were returned to Capua and enshrined.

Solangia (Solange) May 10
+ c 880. A poor shepherdess near Bourges in France who defended her chastity and was brutally murdered.

May 11

Anastasius and Companions May 11
+ 251. A tribune in the army of the Emperor Decius, Anastasius was converted on witnessing the courage of the martyrs whom he was torturing to death. A few days after his conversion he too was arrested and beheaded with all his family and servants. Their relics are venerated in Camerino in central Italy.

Anastasius May 11
? The patron-saint of the town of Lérida in Catalonia in Spain. The people of Lérida assert that Anastasius was born there.

Anthimus May 11
+ 303. A priest in Rome, who converted the pagan husband, a prefect, of the Christian matron Lucina, famed for her charity to imprisoned fellow-Orthodox. The martyr, thrown into the Tiber and miraculously rescued by an angel, was afterwards recaptured and beheaded.

Evellius May 11
+ c 66. An advisor of Nero, converted to Christ on witnessing the patience of the martyrs and himself martyred in Pisa in Italy.

Fremund May 11
+ 866. A hermit who was martyred by the Danes. His relics were enshrined in Dunstable in England.

Gangulf May 11
+ 760. Born in Burgundy, he led the life of a hermit and was murdered.

Illuminatus May 11
+ c 1000. A monk at the Monastery of San Mariano in his native town of San Severino near Ancona in Italy.

Majolus (Maieul) May 11
c 906-994. Born in Avignon in France, became a priest and then a monk at Cluny in order to avoid becoming a bishop. Later he became Abbot of Cluny, advising Popes and Emperors.

Mamertus May 11
+ 475. Archbishop of Vienne in France and a man of great piety and faith.

Maximus, Bassus and Fabius May 11
+ 304. Martyrs in Rome under Diocletian.

Odilo May 11
c 962-1049. Of a noble family in Auvergne in France, he became a monk at the monastery of Cluny in about 990 and abbot in 994. Gentle and kind, he was known for his generosity to the poor.

Odo of Cluny May 11
c 879-942. Born in Maine in the west of France, he became a monk at Baume in 909 and Abbot of Cluny in 927. He freed Cluny from secular interference, paving the way for its rapid growth. He reposed in Tours at the tomb of St Martin.

Possessor May 11
+ c 485. A magistrate in Verdun in France who became bishop there in 470. He and his flock were greatly troubled by the barbarian Franks, Vandals and Goths.

Principia May 11
+ c 420. A holy virgin in Rome and disciple of St Marcella.

Sisinius, Diocletius and Florentius May 11
+ 303. Martyrs in Osimo near Ancona in Italy under Diocletian. They were stoned to death at the same time as the Roman priest, St Anthimus.

Tudy (Tudinus, Tegwin, Thetgo) May 11
5th cent. A disciple of St Brioc in Brittany. He was a hermit and then an abbot near Landevennec in Brittany. Like St Brioc he also spent some time in Cornwall, where a church and parish still bear his name.

Walbert (Vaubert) May 11
+ c 678. A noble of holy life born in Belgium, he was the husband of St Bertilia and father of Sts Waldetrudis and Aldegundis.

May 12

Diomma May 12
5th cent. The teacher of St Declan of Ardmore and other saints. He is venerated as the patron- saint of Kildimo in Co. Limerick in Ireland.

Dionysius May 12
+ 304. Born in Asia Minor, he was the uncle of St Pancras, to whom he acted as guardian. They came together to Rome, became Orthodox and were martyred under Diocletian,

Ethelhard May 12
+ 805. Born in Louth in Lincolnshire in England, he became the fifteenth Archbishop of Canterbury in 793. This was a time of political upheaval under Offa of Mercia who tried to abuse and dominate the Church like Charlemagne on the Continent. St Ethelhard resisted him.

Flavia Domitilla, Euphrosyna and Theodora May 12
2nd cent. Flavia Domitilla was a great-niece of the Emperors Domitian and Titus and St Flavius Clemens. She became Orthodox. On refusing to marry a pagan she was exiled from Rome and martyred with her foster sisters, Euphrosyna and Theodora, in Terracina in Italy.

Modoald May 12
+ 640. Born in Gascony in France, he was related by blood and united by friendship with most of the saints of the Merovingian period. In 662 he became Bishop of Trier in Germany.

Nereus and Achilleus May 12
+ c 100. Pretorian soldiers, baptised by tradition by the Apostle Peter, and exiled with Flavia Domitilla to Pontia and later to Terracina in Italy where they were beheaded.

Pancras May 12
+ c 304. (?) A martyr buried in the cemetery of Calepodius in Rome. In the seventh century relics of the saint were sent to England and St Pancras became popular there.

Philip of Agirone May 12
? A saint venerated in Agirone in Sicily as its first missionary.

Rictrudis May 12
+ 688. Born in Gascony in France, she married St Adalbald, by whom she had four children – all saints, Maurontius, Eusebia, Clotsindis and Adalsindis. After her husband’s repose she became a nun and founded the convent of Marchiennes in the north of France.

May 13

Agnes of Poitiers May 13
+ 588. Chosen by St Radegund to be Abbess of Holy Cross at Poitiers in France, Agnes adopted the rule of St Caesarius, handed to her by the bishop himself.

Anno (Hanno, Annon) May 13
+ 780. Born in Verona in Italy, he became bishop there and translated the relics of Sts Firmus and Rusticus.

Fortis Gabrielli May 13
+ 1040. Born in Gubbio in Umbria in Italy, he became a hermit in the mountains near Scheggia, but was later attached to the monastery of Fontavellana.

Mael (Mahel) May 13
6th cent. A disciple of St Cadfan with whom he crossed from Brittany to Wales. He lived as a hermit on the Isle of Bardsey.

Natalis May 13
+ 715. Bishop of Milan in Italy (740-751).

Onesimus May 13
+ c 361. Fifth Bishop of Soissons in France.

Servatus (Servais) May 13
+ 384. Bishop of Tongres in Belgium. He was the host of St Athanasius when the latter was exiled to the West.

Valerian May 13
+ c 350. Third Bishop of Auxerre in France and defender of Orthodoxy against Arianism.

May 14

Boniface of Tarsus May 14
+ c 307. A martyr beheaded in Tarsus in Cilicia, where he had gone from Rome to recover the bodies of certain martyrs. His own relics are enshrined in the church of Sts Alexis and Boniface on the Aventine.

Boniface May 14
6th cent. Bishop of Ferentino in Tuscany at the time of the Emperor Justin. He is called on by those who are troubled by alcoholism.

Carthage (Carthach Mochuda) the Younger May 14
+ c 637. Born in Kerry in Ireland, he founded a monastery in Rathin in Westmeath, where he was abbot. Shortly before his repose, he and his monks were expelled. He led his monks to the banks of the Blackwater and founded the monastery of Lismore.

Erembert May 14
+ c 672. Born at Wocourt near Passy in France, he became a monk at Fontenelle (c 640) and Bishop of Toulouse (c 656.

Hallvard (Halward) May 14
+ c 1043. Of the royal family of Norway, he met his death while defending a woman who had appealed to him for help. He is the patron-saint of Oslo.

Justa, Justina and Henedina May 14
+ c 130. Saints venerated in Sardinia where they were martyred under Hadrian (117-138), either in Cagliari or else in Sassari.

Paschal I May 14
+ 824. Born in Rome, he was Abbot of St Stephen near the Vatican and became Bishop of Rome in 817. He defended the Orthodox in the East against the barbarous persecution of the iconoclasts. He is remembered for enshrining the relics of St Cecilia and other martyrs.

Pontius of Cimiez May 14
+ 258 (?) A martyr in Cimella (Cimiez) near Nice in the south of France. His relics gave his name to the town of Saint-Pons.

Tuto (Totto) May 14
+ 930. A monk and Abbot of St Emmeram in Regensburg in Germany, where he later became bishop.

May 15

Bercthun (Bertin) May 15
+ 733. A disciple of St John of Beverley and first Abbot of Beverley in England.

Caesarea May 15
? A holy virgin who took refuge in a cave near Otranto in the south of Italy to defend her virtue and lived there as an anchoress.

Cassius, Victorinus, Maximus and Companions May 15
+ c 264. A group of martyrs in Clermont in Auvergne in France, he suffered at the hands of Chrocas, the leader of invading Teutonic barbarians.

Colman Mc O’Laoighse May 15
6th cent. Also called Columbanus, he was a disciple of St Columba and St Fintan of Clonenagh. He founded and was abbot of a monastery in Oughaval in Ireland. He is still venerated at the nearby Orthodox church at Stradbally which is dedicated to him.

Dympna (Dymphna) May 15
? Born in Ireland, she was forced to flee to Belgium accompanied by a priest, St Gerebern. Their relics were discovered at Gheel near Antwerp in the thirteenth century. Since then numberless cases of mental illness have been healed at their shrine.

Hilary May 15
+ 558. A hermit near the River Ronco in Italy. Joined by others, he built the monastery called Galeata, later known as Sant’Ilaro.

Rupert and Bertha May 15
9th cent. A hermit who lived with his mother Bertha on a hill near Bingen in Germany. The hill has been since called after him, Rupertsberg.

Simplicius May 15
+ 304. A martyr in Sardinia buried alive at the time of Diocletian.

Torquatus, Ctesiphon, Secundus, Indaletius, Caecilius, Hesychius and Euphrasius May 15
1st cent. According to tradition, they were disciples of the Apostles sent to enlighten Spain. They worked chiefly in the South, as follows: Torquatus in Guadix near Granada; Ctesiphon in Verga; Secundus in Avila; Indaletius in Urci near Almeria; Caecilius in Granada; Hesychius in Gibraltar; Euphrasius in Andujar. Most of them suffered martyrdom. The Mozarabic liturgy had a common feast for all seven.

Waldalenus May 15
7th cent. Founder of the monastery of Bèze in France and brother of St Adalsindis.

May 16

Annobert (Alnobert) May 16
+ c 689. A monk at Almenèches, he was consecrated Bishop of Séez in France in about 685.

Brendan the Voyager May 16
c 486-c 575 or c 583. One of the three most famous ascetics of Ireland. He was born in Kerry, becoming a disciple of St Finian at Clonard and of St Gildas at Llancarfan in Wales. He was a great founder of monasteries, especially of Clonfert. He is best known in history for his voyages and may have reached North America. St Brendan is venerated as the patron- saint of sailors.

Carantac (Carantog, Caimach, Carnath) May 16
5th cent. Born in Wales, he worked with St Patrick in the enlightenment of Ireland.

Carantoc May 16
6th cent. An abbot who founded the church of Llangranog in Wales. He is linked with Crantock in Cornwall and Carhampton in Somerset in England and was also venerated in Brittany.

Domnolus May 16
+ 581. Abbot of the monastery of St Laurence near Paris. In 543 he became Bishop of Le Mans, where he founded many monasteries, churches and hospitals.

Felix and Gennadius May 16
? Two martyrs venerated from ancient times in Uzalis in North Africa.

Fidolus (Phal) May 16
+ c 540. The son of an official in Auvergne in France. Taken prisoner and sold into slavery, he was ransomed by Aventinus, Abbot of Aumont near Troyes. Later Fidolus himself became abbot there, which was called Saint-Phal after him.

Fort May 16
? 1st cent. The first Bishop of Bordeaux in France, venerated as a martyr.

Francoveus (Franchy) May 16
7th cent. A monk at St Martin de la Bretonnière in France, he suffered from the jealousy of others. When the monastery was destroyed, he lived as a hermit in the Nivernais.

Germerius May 16
+ ? 560. Bishop of Toulouse in France for fifty years.

Hilary May 16
+ 376. Bishop of Pavia. One of the bishops in the north of Italy who fought against Arianism.

Honoratus of Amiens May 16
+ c 600. Born in Ponthieu in France, he became Bishop of Amiens. The church and Boulevard Saint-Honoré in Paris are called after him.

Maxima May 16
? A holy virgin revered around Fréjus in France, where several villages are named after her.

Peregrinus May 16
+ c 138 (?) Bishop of Terni in Umbria in Italy and founder of its Cathedral.

Peregrinus May 16
+ c 304. By tradition he came from Rome to become first Bishop of Auxerre in France and was martyred under Diocletian in a village called Bouhy.

Possidius May 16
c 370-c 440. Bishop of Calama in Numidia in North Africa, when he was driven out by Arian Vandals, reposing in Apulia in Italy. He opposed both Donatism and Pelagianism.

Primael May 16
+ c 450. From Britain, he went to Brittany and became a hermit near Quimper.

May 17

Cathan (Catan, Chattan, Cadan) May 17
6th or 7th cent. A bishop in the Isle of Bute in Scotland, often called Kil-Cathan after him. His tomb is at Tamlacht in Ireland but others maintain that his relics are on Bute

Gerebern (Gerebrand) May 17
7th cent. A priest from Ireland, he accompanied St Dympna to Belgium and shared in her martyrdom. He is patron-saint of a village in the Rhineland in Germany, where his relics are enshrined.

Heradius, Paul, Aquilinus and Companions May 17
+ 303 Five martyrs at Nyon in Switzerland under Diocletian.

Maden (Madern, Madron) May 17
+ c 545. A hermit born in Cornwall, he later lived in Brittany. Many churches are dedicated to him, the most noted being at St Madern’s Well in Cornwall, the reputed site of his hermitage and still a place of pilgrimage.

Mailduf May 17
+ 673. Born in Ireland, he went to England and founded the monastery of Malmesbury, where St Aldhelm was among his disciples.

Rasso (Ratho) May 17
+ 953. A noble from Bavaria in Germany, he fought bravely against the invading Hungarians. Later he went on pilgrimage to Palestine and Rome and on his return founded the monastery of Worth in Bavaria (now called Grafrath after him) and became a monk there.

Restituta May 17
+ 255 (or 304). A virgin-martyr in Carthage in North Africa under Valerian or Diocletian. Her relics are enshrined in Naples in Italy.

May 18

Elgiva May 18
+ 944. Widow of King Edmund and mother of St Edgar, she became Abbess of Shaftesbury in England.

Felix of Spoleto May 18
+ c 304. A bishop, either of Spoleto or of Spello in Italy. He was martyred under Diocletian.

Feredarius May 18
+ c 863. Born in Ireland, he became Abbot of Iona in Scotland in 863.

John I May 18
+ 526. Born in Tuscany, he became Pope of Rome in 523. In 526 he went to Constantinople as an envoy of Theodoric, the Arian King of the Ostrogoths. On his return Theodoric imprisoned the Pope and he died.

Merililaun (Merolilaun) May 18
8th cent. A pilgrim who was murdered near Rheims and venerated as a martyr.

Venantius May 18
+ c 250. By tradition a boy of fifteen who was martyred in Camerino near Ancona in Italy under Decius.

May 19

Calocerus and Parthenius May 19
+ 250. Two brothers, eunuchs in the palace of Tryphonia, wife of the Emperor Decius. They were martyred in Rome in the Decian persecution.

Cyril May 19
5th cent. Bishop of Trier in Germany, his relics were enshrined in the church of St Matthias in Trier.

Dunstan May 19
909-988. Born near Glastonbury, he became a monk and abbot there. He was called to court as a counsellor but was forced into exile. He then spent a year in Ghent, a centre of monastic revival, but then he was recalled to England by King Edgar and became his main advisor. He was consecrated Bishop of Worcester in 957 and Archbishop of Canterbury in 961. Together with Sts Ethelwold of Winchester and Oswald of York, he restored monastic life in England. He reposed peacefully at Canterbury.

Hadulf May 19
+ c 728. Bishop of Arras-Cambrai in the north of France.

Pudens May 19
1st cent ? A Roman senator baptised by the Apostles. He is identified by many with the Pudens mentioned by the Apostle Paul (2 Tim 4,21).

Pudentiana (or Potentiana) May 19
2nd cent. A holy virgin in Rome, daughter of the senator St Pudens. By tradition she died at the age of sixteen.

May 20

Anastasius May 20
+ 610. Bishop of Brescia in Lombardy in Italy. He greatly contributed to the conversion of the Lombards from Arianism..

Austregisilus (Aoustrille, Outrille) May 20
551-624. Born in Bourges in France, he preferred the life of a monk at Saint-Nizier in Lyons, where he became abbot. In 612 he was elected Bishop of Bourges.

Basilla May 20
+ 304. Having been baptised, she refused to marry a pagan patrician and so was martyred for Christ in Rome.

Baudelius May 20
2nd (or 3rd) cent. Born in Orleans in France, he was married and worked zealously for Orthodoxy. He was martyred in Nîmes. Veneration for him spread throughout France and the north of Spain and some four hundred churches were dedicated to him.

Ethelbert (Albert, Albright) May 20
+ 794. King of East Anglia in England, he was treacherously murdered by Offa of Mercia. He has always been venerated as a martyr, especially in Hereford and in East Anglia.

Hilary May 20
4th cent. Bishop of Toulouse in France

Plautilla May 20
+ c 67. The mother of Flavia Domitilla. By tradition she was baptised by the Apostle Peter and was present at the martyrdom of the Apostle Paul.

Theodore of Pavia May 20
+ 778. Bishop of Pavia in Italy 743-778. He had much to endure, including repeated exiles under the Lombard Kings.

May 21

Ageranus (Ayran, Ayrman) May 21
+ 888. Ageranus was a monk at Bèze in in France. When the Vikings invaded Burgundy most of the monks escaped, but Ageranus remained with four other monks, Genesius, Bernard, Sifiard and Rodron, the boy Adalaric and the priest Ansuinus. All were martyred by the invaders.

Barrfoin (Bairrfhionn, Barrindus) May 21
6th cent. By tradition he was in charge of the church founded by St Columba in Drum Cullen in Offaly in Ireland and later he lived in Killbarron near Ballyshannon in Donegal. It is said that he reached America on one of his missions by sea and informed St Brendan the Navigator of his discovery. He is also said to have been a bishop.

Gollen (Collen, Colan) May 21
? 7th cent. A saint who has given his name to Llangollen in Wales.

Hospitius May 21
+ c 580. A hermit at the place now called after him, Cap-Saint-Hospice, between Villefrance and Banlieu in France. His relics were translated to Lérins.

Isberga (Itisberga) May 21
+ c 800. A nun at Aire in France where she is venerated as the patroness of Artois.

Secundinus May 21
+ c 306. A martyr in Cordoba in Spain under Diocletian.

Theobald (Thibaud) of Vienne May 21
+ 1001. Archbishop of Vienne in France 970-1001.

Timothy, Polius and Eutychius May 21
? Three deacons in Mauretania Caesariensis in North Africa martyred under Diocletian.

Valens and Companions May 21
? By tradition a bishop martyred in Auxerre in France with three boys.

May 22

Aigulphus (Ayoul, Aieul, Aout, Hou) May 22
+ c 835. After an excellent education he chose to live as a hermit. However, about the year 812 he was made Bishop of Bourges in France against his will.

Ausonius May 22
3rd cent. By tradition a disciple of St Martial of Limoges and first Bishop of Angoulême in France.

Bobo (Beuvon) May 22
+ c 985. A warrior who fought bravely against invading Saracens and then lived as a hermit in repentance. He reposed at Pavia in Italy while on pilgrimage to Rome.

Boethian May 22
7th cent. Born in Ireland and a disciple of St Fursey, he built the monastery of Pierrepont near Laon in France and was eventually murdered by evildoers.

Castus and Emilius May 22
+ c 250. Two martyrs who suffered in North Africa under Decius. At first they gave way under torture, but then repented. On being arrested a second time they were burnt to death.

Conall (Coel, Conald) May 22
7th cent. Abbot of Inniscoel in Donegal in Ireland, where there is a holy well dedicated to him.

Faustinus, Timothy and Venustus May 22
+ c 362. Martyrs in Rome under Julian the Apostate.

Fulk May 22
+ c 600. A pilgrim to Rome who gave his life for the plague-stricken at Santo-Padre or Castrofuli near Arpino in the south of Italy. He is venerated as the patron saint of the area.

Helen May 22
+ c 418. A holy woman in Auxerre in France.

John of Parma May 22
+ c 982. Born in Parma in Italy, he was ordained priest. He is said to have made six pilgrimages to Jerusalem. He became Abbot of St John’s in Parma (973-c 982).

Julia May 22 (In the East July 16)
+ 440. Born in Carthage in North Africa, she was sold into slavery by the Vandal conquerors. The ship on which she was being taken to Gaul stopped in Corsica. At that time heathen festival was being celebrated and when Julia refused to join in, she was immediately martyred by being nailed to a cross. She is the patron-saint of Corsica.

Marcian of Ravenna May 22
+ c 127. Fourth Bishop of Ravenna in Italy, where he is known as San Mariano.

Quiteria May 22
? A saint greatly venerated on the border of France and Spain, especially in Navarre.

Romanus of Subiaco May 22
+ c 560. A monk who lived near Subiaco in Italy, discovered the hermitage of St Benedict, made him a monk and gave him his daily food.

May 23

Desiderius May 23
407 ? Born in Genoa, he became Bishop of Langres in France. He was killed at the time of a Vandal invasion while interceding for his people.

Epitacius and Basileus May 23
1st cent. By tradition the former was the first Bishop of Tuy in Galicia in Spain and the latter the first Bishop of Braga in Portugal .

Euphebius May 23
? Bishop of Naples in Italy.

Eutychius and Florentius May 23
6th cent. Two monks and wonderworkers who became abbots of a monastery in Valcastoria in Italy.

Goban Gobhnena May 23
6th or 7th cent. Abbot of the monastery of Old Leighlin, from where he went to Tascaffin in Co. Limerick in Ireland.

Guibertus May 23
+ 962. A noble from Lorraine in France, who after a military career lived the life of a hermit on his own estate of Gembloux in Brabant in Belgium. Eventually he turned it into a monastery before retiring to the monastery of Gorze in the east of France.

Mercurialis May 23
+ c 406. First Bishop of Forli in central Italy. He opposed paganism and Arianism.

Quintian, Lucius, Julian and Companions May 23
+ c 430. Three of a group of nineteen martyred in North Africa under the Arian Vandal King Hunneric.

Syagrius (Siacre) May 23
+ c 787. A monk at Lérins in the south of France who later founded the monastery of St Pons at Cimiez, after which he became Bishop of Nice (777).

May 24

Afra May 24
? A martyr in Brescia in Italy.

Donatian and Rogatian May 24
+ 299. Two brothers of Nantes in Brittany martyred under Diocletian.

Patrick May 24
+ c 469. The fourth Bishop of Bayeux in France.

Robustian May 24
? An early martyr in Milan in Italy.

Vincent of Lérins May 24
+ c 445. Perhaps of a noble family in Gaul, in early life he followed a military career but abandoned it to become a monk at Lérins in southern France. He is best known as the writer of the Commonitorium, where he formulates the Orthodox principle that the only true teachings are those which have been held ‘everywhere, always and by all the faithful’ (Quod ubique, quod semper, quod ab omnibus). It is the Church which interprets the Scriptures and is the source of the Faith.

Vincent of Porto May 24
? A martyr in Porto Romano, the former port of Rome.

Zöellus, Servilius, Felix, Silvanus and Diocles May 24
? Early martyrs in Istria.

May 25

Aldhelm May 25
639-709. Born in Wessex in England, he became a monk at Malmesbury and taught there. In 675 he became abbot and in 705 first Bishop of Sherborne. Aldhelm was the first Englishman to attain distinction as a scholar.

Bede the Venerable May 25
673-735. Born in Wearmouth in the north of England, as a child he entered the monastery of Sts Peter and Paul at Wearmouth-Jarrow, and spent his whole life there, ‘always praying, always writing, always reading, always teaching’. He wrote many commentaries on the Scriptures. His work The History of the English Church and People earned him the title of the Father of English History. He reposed on Ascension Eve and his dying words were Glory to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit.

Dionysius of Milan May 25
+ 359. The successor of St Protasius as Bishop of Milan in Italy in 351. In 355 he was exiled to Cappadocia by the Arian Emperor Constantius for defending St Athanasius. He died in exile but St Ambrose had his relics translated to Milan.

Dunchadh May 25
+ 717. Abbot of Iona in Scotland.

Egilhard May 25
+ 881. The eighth abbot of Cornelimünster near Aachen in Germany. He was killed by Vikings at Bercheim.

Gennadius May 25
+ c 936. A monk at Argeo near Astorga in Spain, he restored the monastery of San Pedro de Montes. About the year 895 he became Bishop of Astorga, but five years before his repose he returned to his beloved San Pedro to live as a hermit.

Gerbald, Reginhard, Winebald and Worad May 25
+ 862. The first two were monks, the latter two deacons, of the monastery of St Bertin in France. They were all martyred by the Danes.

Injuriosus and Scholastica May 25
+ c 550. A married couple in the Auvergne in France who lived in virginity and holiness.

Leo of Troyes May 25
+ c 550. A monk who succeeded St Romanus as Abbot of Mantenay near Troyes in France.

Maximus and Victorinus May 25
+ c 384. Two brothers martyred by barbarians near Evreux in France.

Urban I May 25
+ 230. Born in Rome, he succeeded St Callistus as Pope of Rome (222-230). At that time the Church enjoyed relative peace.

Zenobius May 25
+ c 390. Bishop of Florence in Italy. A friend of St Ambrose and St Damasus, he raised a dead child to life and cast out demons.

May 26

Becan May 26
6th cent. A hermit near Cork in Ireland in the time of St Columba.

Dyfan (Deruvianus, Damian) May 26
2nd cent. By tradition an early missionary in Britain. His church in Merthyr Dyfan shows the popular tradition that he ended his days as a martyr.

Eleutherius May 26
+ 189. A Greek who became a deacon in Rome and succeeded St Soterius as Pope in 175.

Felicissimus, Heraclius and Paulinus May 26
+ 303. Martyrs under Diocletian, in all probability in Todi in Umbria in Italy, where their relics are still venerated.

Fugatius and Damian May 26
? 2nd cent. By tradition they were missionaries sent to Britain from Rome.

Guinizo May 26
+ c 1050. Born in Spain, he became a monk at Montecassino in Italy and remained as a hermit on the holy mountain after one of the destructions of the monastery.

Oduvald May 26
+ 698. A noble who became a monk and later Abbot of Melrose in Scotland.

Priscus and Companions May 26
+ c 272. Priscus, a Roman officer, several soldiers under his command and a number of citizens of Besançon in France were martyred near Auxerre.

Quadratus May 26
? A martyr in North Africa.

Regintrudis May 26
+ c 750 Fourth Abbess of Nonnberg near Salzburg in Austria.

Simitrius and Companions May 26
+ c 159. A group of twenty-three martyrs in Rome, arrested while praying in the church of St Praxedes and beheaded without trial.

Zachary May 26
+ c 106. By tradition the second Bishop of Vienne in France, martyred under Trajan.

May 27

Augustine of Canterbury May 27
+ c 604. He shares the title of Apostle of the English with St Gregory the Great. A monk at St Andrew’s on the Coelian Hill, he was sent by St Gregory the Great with a group of forty monks to enlighten England. The missionaries landed at Ebbsfleet near Kent in 597. Soon Augustine had converted the King of Kent with thousands of his subjects. Consecrated bishop in ArIes, he set up his see in Canterbury. Trained in the Roman way, he was not successful in his relations with the Celts. He reposed shortly after St Gregory the Great.

Bruno May 27
+ 1045. Bishop of Würzburg in Germany, he encouraged church-building and spent his private fortune on this.

Eutropius May 27
+ c 475. Born in Marseilles, he succeeded St Justin as Bishop of Orange in France, when the diocese had been laid waste by the Visigoths.

Melangell (Monacella) May 27
+ c 590. A holy virgin who lived as an anchoress in Powys in Wales. Her shrine is in Pennant Melangell.

Ranulf (Ragnulf) May 27
+ 700. A martyr in Thélus near Arras in France. He was the father of St Hadulph, Bishop of Arras-Cambrai.

Restituta and Companions May 27
+ 272. Born in Rome of a noble family, she fled to Sora in Campania in Italy to escape persecution under Aurelian but was martyred there with several companions.

May 28

Caraunus (Ceraunus, Cheron) May 28
5th cent. Of Roman descent, he preached the Gospel in France and was killed by robbers near Chartres. A church and monastery were built over his tomb.

Crescens, Dioscorides, Paul and Helladius May 28
+ c 244. Orthodox Christians burnt to death in Rome.

Emilius, Felix, Priam and Lucian May 28
? Churches are dedicated to these saints in Sardinia.

Germanus of Paris May 28
c 496-576. Born near Autun in France, he became an abbot and later Bishop of Paris. He healed King Childebert I and converted him from an evil life. The King built the monastery of St Vincent for him, which is now known as Saint-Germain-des-Prés. St Germanus was given the title of ‘father of the poor’.

Justus of Urgell May 28
+ c 527. The first recorded Bishop of Urgell in Catalonia in Spain. He wrote a commentary on the Song of Songs.

Podius May 28
+ 1002. From Tuscany, he became a priest and then Bishop of Florence in Italy from 990.

Senator May 28
+ 480. A priest from Milan in Italy who attended the Council of Chalcedon as a young man and later became Archbishop of Milan.

William of Gellone May 28
755-812. After a military career, he built a monastery at Gellone in France not far from Aniane which he filled with monks. Later the monastery was named after him Saint-Guilhem-du-Desert.

May 29

Eleutherius May 29
? A pilgrim, said to have been from England and the brother of Sts Grimwald and Fulk, he died in Rocca d’Arce in the south of Italy. He is venerated as the main patron-saint there.

Gerald May 29
+ 927. A monk at Brou in France, he became Bishop of Mâcon but after some forty years as bishop he returned to his monastery and reposed there.

John de Atares May 29
+ c 750. A hermit in the Pyrenees in Spain. He lived beneath a huge rock, where the monastery of St John de Ia Peña (of the Rock) was later built. This is famous in Spanish history, since the monastery became the cradle of the Kingdoms of Navarre and Aragon.

Maximinus of Trier May 29
+ c 349. Born in Silly near Poitiers in France, he was a brother of St Maxentius of Poitiers. In 333 he became Bishop of Trier in Germany and was the valiant defender and host of St Athanasius of Alexandria and St Paul of Constantinople, exiled by the Arian Emperor. He was a prominent opponent of Arianism at the Councils of Milan, Sardica and Cologne and one of the most courageous bishops of his time.

Maximus May 29
? 6th cent. Bishop of Verona in Italy.

Restitutus May 29
+ c 299. A martyr in Rome under Diocletian.

Sisinius, Martyrius and Alexander May 29
+ 397. By tradition from Cappadocia, they were received by St Vigilius of Trent in Italy on the recommendation of St Ambrose. They were sent to enlighten the Tyrol in Austria and martyred by pagans.

Ulric of Einsiedeln May 29
+ c 978. Son of St Gerold, he became a monk at the monastery of Einsiedeln in Switzerland. After his father’s death he retired to live as a hermit in the latter’s cell.

Votus, Felix and John May 29
+ c 750. Votus and Felix were brothers from Saragossa in Spain who found a hermitage in the Pyrenees which was already inhabited by John. The three lived together and reposed at about the same time. The hermitage was situated beneath a huge rock (Peña) where the monastery of St John de la Peña later grew up.

May 30

Anastasius May 30
+ 680. A convert from Arianism, he became Bishop of Pavia in the north of Italy in 668. He is often called Anastasius II to distinguish him from one of his predecessors.

Exuperantius May 30
+ 418. Bishop of Ravenna in Italy from 398 to 418.

Felix I May 30
+ 274. Born in Rome, he was Pope from 269 to 274. He was the first to condemn the heresy of Paul of Samosata. He may have been martyred.

Gabinus and Crispulus May 30
+ c 130. The Protomartyrs of Sardinia. They suffered in Torres where they had preached the Gospel under Hadrian.

Gamo May 30
8th cent. Monk and then Abbot of Brétigny near Noyon in France.

Hubert (Hugbert) of Bretigny May 30
+ c 714. Aged twelve he became a monk at Brétigny near Noyon in France.

Madelgisilus (Mauguille) May 30
+ c 655. Born in Ireland, he was disciple of St Fursey. After some years of monastic life at St Riquier in France, he went to live as a hermit with St Pulgan near Monstrelet.

Venantius May 30
+ c 400. Elder brother of St Honoratus, founder of Lérins in France. After living as hermit on an island near Cannes, both travelled to the East to learn the monastic life.

Walstan May 30
965-1016. Born at Bawburgh in Norfolk in England, he spent his life as a farm labourer in Taverham and Costessey, being remarkable for his charity to all in need.

May 31

Cantius, Cantian, Cantianilla and Protus May 31.
+ c 304 Two brothers and their sister, martyred in Aquileia in Italy where they had gone with their tutor, Protus.

Crescentian May 31
+ c 130. A martyr in Sassari in Sardinia, at the same time as Sts Gabinus and Crispulus under the Emperor Hadrian.

Lupicinus May 31
5th cent. Bishop of Verona in Italy, described as ‘the most holy, the best of bishops’.

Paschasius May 31
+ c 512. A deacon in Rome who wrote theological works.

Petronilla May 31
1st cent. (?). A virgin in Rome venerated from the earliest times.

Winnow, Mancus and Myrbad May 31
Probably 6th cent. Three saints from Ireland who lived in Cornwall where churches are dedicated to them.

June 1

Atto (St) June 1
c 1044. A monk at Oña in Spain with St Enneco. Later he became Bishop of Oca-Valpuesta.

Caprasius June 1
+ c 430. Born in France, he went to live as a hermit to the island of Lérins. He was followed by Sts Honoratus and Venantius. Together they went to the East to learn from the monasteries there. Venantius reposed in Greece; the other two returned to Lérins, where St Honoratus founded the monastery of Lérins. Later he became Bishop of Arles and was succeeded by Caprasius as abbot.

Clarus June 1
? A bishop who preached the Gospel in Aquitaine in France, where he was martyred.

Crescentian June 1
+ c 287. A soldier beheaded in Saldo near Città di Castello in Italy.

Felinus and Gratian June 1
+ 250. Soldiers in the imperial army martyred in Perugia in Italy under Decius. Their relics were translated to Arona near Milan in 979.

Fortunatus June 1
+ c 400. A parish priest at a place near Spoleto in Umbria in Italy. He was famed for his love for the poor.

Gaudentius of Ossero June 1
+ 1044. Bishop of Ossero in Istria from 1030 to 1032. In 1042 he left to live as a simple monk in Italy.

Justin the Philosopher or Justin Martyr June 1
c 100-165. Born in Nablus in Palestine of pagan parents, when he was about thirty he was converted by reading the Scriptures and witnessing the heroism of the martyrs. His Apologies for the Christian Religion and Dialogue with the Jew Trypho are among the most edifying of second-century writings. He was beheaded in Rome with other Christians.

Juventius June 1
? A martyr in Rome.

Proculus June 1
+ c 304 (?) By tradition a Roman officer martyred in Bologna in Italy under Diocletian.

Reverianus, Paul and Companions June 1
+ 272. Born in Italy, Reverianus, a bishop, and Paul, a priest, went to France. They enlightened Autun and the surrounding area and were martyred with several companions under Aurelian.

Ronan June 1
? An early bishop of Cornish origin who preached in Cornwall and in Brittany.

Secundus June 1
+ 304. An martyr in Amelia in Italy who was drowned in the Tiber under Diocletian.

Simeon of Trier June 1
+ 1035. Born in Syracuse in Sicily and educated in Constantinople, Simeon lived as a hermit by the Jordan. He became a monk in Bethlehem and later lived near Mt Sinai as a hermit, first in a small cave near the Red Sea and then on the summit of Mt Sinai. From there he was sent by the Abbot of Mt Sinai to seek alms in Normandy. Eventually he settled in Trier in Germany, one of the last great figures linking the Orthodox West with the Orthodox East

Wistan (Winston) June 1
+ 850. Of the royal house of Mercia in England, he was murdered at Wistanstow in Shropshire and was buried at Repton. His relics were later enshrined in Evesham.

Wite June 1
? Martyred by the Danes in Dorset in England. Her relics still exist in their shrine at Whitchurch Canonicorum: the only ones to have survive in a parish church in England. Pilgrims still honour her at the shrine and there is a holy well at Morcombe Lake nearby.

June 2

Adalgis (Adelgis, Algis) June 2
+ c 686. Born in Ireland, he was a disciple of St Fursey and preached around Arras and Laon in the north of France. He founded a small monastery in the forest of Thiquerarche in Picardy, around which grew up the village of Saint Algis.

Bodfan (Bobouan) June 2
7th cent. The patron saint of Abern in Gwynedd in Wales. He became a monk together with his father and other relations.

Cyriacus and Apollinaris June 2I
? Martyrs in North Africa.

Erasmus (Elmo, Erarmo, Ermo) June 2
+ c 303. Bishop of Formiae in Campania in Italy, martyred by disembowelment under Diocletian. His relics were transferred to Gaeta in 842 and he became the protector of sailors, hence ‘St Elmo’s fire’.

Eugene June 2
+ 657. A priest in Rome who acted for St Martin during the latter’s exile in the Chersonese. After St Martin’s martyrdom in 655, Eugene was chosen to succeed him. Gentle and kind to the poor, he opposed Monothelitism with courage.

Marcellinus and Peter June 2
+ 304. Martyred in Rome, Marcellinus was a priest and Peter probably an exorcist.

Nicholas the Pilgrim June 2
1075-1094. A Greek Fool-for-Christ who went to the south of Italy and wandered through Apulia carrying a cross, crying ‘Kyrie eleison’, calling for repentance. Crowds of people, especially children, followed him repeating the same cry. He was taken for a simpleton but after his repose in Trani, aged nineteen, so many miracles took place at his tomb that he was recognised as a saint.

Photinus (or Pothinus), Sanctius (Sanctus), Vetius, Epagathus, Maturus, Ponticus, Biblis (Biblides), Attalus, Alexander, Blandina and Companions June 2
+ 177. Martyrs in Lyons in France under Marcus Aurelius. The details of their martyrdom are given in a letter written by the Churches of Vienne and Lyons to those in Asia. The writer may have been St Irenaeus. The martyrs were attacked by a pagan mob and later tried and condemned for their faith. Photinus, their leader, bishop of the city, an old man aged ninety, reposed in his dungeon. The others were thrown to the wild beasts in the amphitheatre at the public games.

June 3

Caecilius (Caecilian) June 3
3rd cent. A priest in Carthage in North Africa who converted St Cyprian to Christ. St Cyprian never ceased to revere his name, adding it to his own, and on Caecilius’s repose, he looked after his wife and children.

Clotilde June 3
c 474-545. Born in Lyons in France and daughter of the King of Burgundy, she married Clovis, King of the Franks, and led her husband to Orthodox Christianity. She suffered much because of the quarrels of her three sons.

Cominus June 3
2nd century. A companion of St Photinus (Pothinus) and martyr in Lyons in France.

Cronan June 3
+ 617. A disciple of St Kevin in Ireland.

Davinus June 3
+ 1051. Born in Annenia, he went on a pilgrimage to Rome and Compostella. On his way he stopped in Lucca, where he reposed and was venerated as a saint.

Gausmarus June 3
+ 984 Abbot of St Martin of Savigny in France (954-984).

Genesius June 3
+ 662. Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne in France. He is described as learned, benevolent, surpassingly good, loved by old and young, rich and poor.

Glunshallaich June 3
7th cent. A repentant man in Ireland, converted by St Kevin and buried with him at Glendalough.

Hilary June 3
? 4th cent. Bishop of Carcassonne in France.

Isaac June 3
+ 852. Born in Cordoba in Spain, he became proficient in Arabic and a notary under the Moorish government. He resigned in order to become a monk at Tabanos, a few miles from Cordoba. During a public debate in Cordoba he denounced Mohammed and was martyred.

Kevin (Coemgen, Caoimhghin) June 3
+ c 618. Born in Leinster, he was a disciple of St Petroc who then lived in Ireland. He is remembered as the founder of Glendalough, one of the most famous names in Irish history. St Kevin is one of the patron saints of Dublin.

Liphardus (Lifard) June 3
+ c 550. A prominent lawyer in Orleans in France, at the age of fifty he founded the monastery of Meung-sur-Loire.

Oliva June 3
? A nun at Anagni near Rome.

Pergentinus and Laurentinus June 3
+ 251. Two brothers martyred in Arezzo in Italy under Decius.

June 4

Aldegrin (Adalgrin, Aldegrin) June 4
+ 939. A noble who became a monk near Cluny in France.

Alexander June 4
8th cent. Bishop of Verona in Italy.

Aretius (Arecius, Aregius) and Dacian June 4
? Roman martyrs who were buried in the catacombs on the Appian Way.

Breaca June 4
5th-6th cent. A disciple of St Brigid who crossed from Ireland to Cornwall (c 460) with several companions.

Buriana June 4
6th cent. Born in Ireland, she lived as an anchoress in Cornwall. St Buryan is named after her.

Clateus June 4
+ c 64. One of the earliest bishops of Brescia in Italy, martyred under Nero.

Croidan, Medan and Degan June 4
6th cent. Three disciples of St Petroc in Cornwall.

Edfrith June 4
+ 721. Bishop of Lindisfarne in England after St Edbert, he illuminated the Lindisfarne Gospels in honour of St Cuthbert.

Elsiar June 4
+ c 1050. A monk at Saint-Savin in Lavedan in France.

Nennoc (Nennocha, Ninnoc) June 4
+ c 467. A holy virgin from Britain who followed St Germanus of Auxerre to France and who became abbess of one or more convents in Brittany.

Optatus of Milevis June 4
+ c 387. Bishop of Milevis in Numidia in North Africa. He opposed Donatism, writing six treatises against them which were praised by his contemporaries.

Petroc (Petrock, Pedrog, Perreux) June 4
+ c 594. Born in Wales, he studied in Ireland and settled in Cornwall, where he was very active. He founded a monastery at a place called after him, Petrocstow (Padstow), and another at Bodmin where he reposed.

Quirinus June 4
+ 308. Bishop of Siscia (Sisak or Seseg), now in Croatia. Having fled to escape the persecution of Galerius, he was captured and ordered to sacrifice to the gods. He refused, was barbarously beaten and handed over to the governor of Pannonia Prima at Sabaria, now Szombathely, in Hungary. There, on his continued refusal to apostatise, he was drowned in the River Raab.

Quirinus June 4
? A martyr in Tivoli near Rome.

Rutilus and Companions June 4
? Martyrs at Sabaria (Sabar) in Pannonia, now Hungary.

Saturnina June 4
? A virgin-martyr from Germany murdered near Arras in France.

June 5

Adalar (Adalher) June 5
+ 755. A companion of St Boniface with whom he was martyred in Dokkum in Holland.

Boniface June 5
c 675-754. Born in Crediton in Devon in England, his baptismal name was Winfrid. At the age of five he entered the monastery in Exeter. In 718 he left England for Germany as a missionary and enlightened Bavaria, Hesse, Friesland, Thuringia and Franconia. In 723 Pope Gregory II consecrated him bishop with full jurisdiction over the Germanies. In 731 he became Metropolitan beyond the Rhine and in 747 Archbishop of Mainz. He established many monasteries and convents, including Fulda, where his relics are still venerated. He put these monasteries under the charge of English monks and nuns. He was also responsible for reorganising the corrupt Frankish Church. He was martyred in his old age, with fifty-two companions, ain Dokkum in Holland. He is known as the Apostle of Germany.

Eoban June 5
+ 754. Born in Ireland, he preached with Sts Willibrord and Boniface in Holland and Germany and shared in the latter’s martyrdom in Dokkum.

Felix of Fritzlar June 5
+ c 790. A monk at Fritzlar in Germany and a martyr, probably at the hands of heathen.

Florentius, Julian, Cyriacus, Marcellinus and Faustinus June 5
+ 250. Martyrs beheaded in Perugia in central Italy under Decius.

Meinwerk June 5
+ 1036. He became Bishop of Paderborn in Germany in 1009. On account of his building activities, he was called ‘the bishop-builder’.

Sancho (Sanctius, Sancius) June 5
+ 851. Born in Albi in France, he was taken to Cordoba in Spain as a prisoner of war, educated at the Moorish court, and enrolled in the guards of the Emir. He was martyred by impalement for his refusal to embrace Islam.

Tudno June 5
6th cent. Llandudno in Wales is named after him.

Waccar, Gundekar, Elleher, Hathawulf June 5
+ 754. Monks martyred with St Boniface in Germany.

June 6

Alexander June 6
+ 590. Bishop of Fiesole in Italy, he was a brave defender of the Church against the Kings of Lombardy. His opponents waylaid him and drowned him in the River Reno near Bologna.

Amantius, Alexander and Companions June 6
? Four brothers and priests. Amantius was a Bishop of Noyon in France, who converted Cannes near Carcassonne and where he was martyred with the three others.

Artemius, Candida and Paulina June 6
+ 302. Artemius, a jailer in one of the Roman prisons, with his wife Candida and daughter Paulina, was converted to Christ by St Peter the exorcist and baptised by St Marcellinus. Artemius was beheaded and his wife and daughter buried alive under a pile of stones.

Ceratius (Cérase) June 6
+ c 455. Bishop of Grenoble in France.

Claudius (Claude) of Besançon June 6
+ c 699. Born in Franche-Comté, in France, he became a priest and monk and then Abbot of Condat in the Jura mountains. In 685 he became Bishop of Besançon. After his repose his monastery became known as Saint-Claude.

Cocca (Cucca, Cuach) June 6
? Patron-saint of Kilcock on the borders of Cos. Meath and Kildare in Ireland.

Eustorgius June 6
+ 518. He became Bishop of Milan in Italy in 512 and spent large amounts of money paying the ransoms of many of his flock who had been taken prisoner by barbarians.

Gudwall (Curval) June 6
6th cent. A bishop from Wales who founded monasteries in Devon and Cornwall. By many he is said to be the Gurval who succeeded St Malo at Aleth in Brittany. His relics are venerated in Ghent in Belgium.

Jarlath June 6
+ c 550. First Bishop of Tuam in Connaught in Ireland, where he established a monastery of which St Brendan of Clonard and St Colman of Cloyne were monks.

John of Verona June 6
7th cent. The successor of St Maurus in Verona in Italy.

Vincent of Bevagna June 6
+ 303. First Bishop of Bevagna in Umbria in Italy martyred under Diocletian.

June 7

Aventinus June 7
+ 732. Born in Bagnères in the Pyrenees in France, he became a hermit in the valley of Larboush, where the Saracens martyred him.

Colman of Dromore June 7
6th cent. Probably born in Ireland, he became Bishop of Dromore in Co. Down. By tradition he was the teacher of St Finnian of Clonard.

Deochar (Theutger or Gottlieb) June 7
+ 847. A hermit in Franconia in Germany, he became the first abbot of the monastery of Herriedon.

Marcellinus Apr 26 (In the East June 7)
+ 304. A Pope of Rome, who may have been martyred in repentance for his previous errors.

Marcellus Jan 16 (June 7 in the East)
+ 309. Pope of Rome from 308 to 309 and suffered for confessing the faith.

Meriadec June 7
+ c 886 (?) Born in Wales, he became a hermit and later Bishop of Vannes in Brittany.

Odo of Massay June 7
+ 967. Abbot of Massay in France (935-967).

Paul of Constantinople June 7
+ 350. An Archbishop of Constantinople whose episcopate was largely spent in exile for Orthodoxy. Elected in 336, he was exiled to Pontus in 337, from where he returned in 338, but was exiled again by an Arian Council, this time to Trier in Germany. He returned in c 340, but in 342 was sent in chains to Mesopotamia by the Emperor Constantius. Recalled in 344, he was banished for the last time to Cukusus in Armenia, where he was left without food for six days and then strangled.

Peter, Wallabonsus, Sabinian, Wistremundus, Habentius and Jeremiah June 7
+ 851. Peter was a priest; Wallabonsus, a deacon; Sabinian and Wistremundus, monks of St Zoilus in Cordoba in Spain; Habentius, a monk of St Christopher’s; Jeremiah, a very old man, had founded the monastery of Tábanos, near Cordoba. For publicly denouncing Mohammed they were martyred under Abderrahman in Cordoba. Jeremiah was scourged to death; the others were beheaded.

Vulphy (Wulflagius) June 7
+ c 643. A priest near Abbeville in the north of France who lived and reposed as a hermit. He was greatly venerated in Montreuil-sur-Mer.

June 8

Bron June 8
+ c 511. A disciple of St Patrick and Bishop of Cassel-Irra near Sligo in Ireland.

Clodulf (Clou) June 8
605-696. Son of St Arnulf, Bishop of Metz. He too became Bishop of Metz, succeeding his father in 656 and was bishop for forty years.

Eustadiola June 8
+ 690. Born in Bourges in France, as a widow she spent her fortune building the convent of Moyenmoutier, where she became a nun and abbess.

Gildard (Godard) June 8
+ 514. Bishop of Rouen in France for some fifteen years.

Heraclius of Sens June 8
+ c 515. The fourteenth Bishop of Sens in France. He was present in the Cathedral in Rheims at the baptism of Clovis and built the monastery of St John the Evangelist in Sens.

Levan June 8
6th cent. Perhaps from Wales, he came to Cornwall and gave his name to St Levan.

Maximinus of Aix June 8
1st cent. (?) Venerated as the first Bishop of Aix in Provence in France.

Medard June 8
c 470-c 558. Born in Picardy in the north of France, he was ordained at the age of thirty-three. In 530 he became Bishop of Vermand, later Noyon and then Tournai in Belgium.

Melania the Elder June 8
c 342-c 410. An aristocrat of Rome who visited the Holy Land, founding a monastery on the Mount of Olives.

Muirchu (Maccutinus) June 8
7th cent. A holy man in Ireland who wrote Lives of St Brigid and St Patrick.

Sallustian June 8
? A saint honoured in Sardinia from time immemorial. By some he is described as a martyr, by others as a hermit.

Severinus June 8
+ 550. Bishop of Septempeda, now called after him Sanseverino in the Marches of Ancona in Italy. He and his brother Victorinus distributed their wealth among the poor and became hermits at Montenero. They were forced by Pope Vigilius to become bishops, the former of Septempeda, the latter of Camerino. Severinus reposed shortly before Septempeda was destroyed by the Ostrogoth Totila.

Syra (Syria) June 8
7th cent. By tradition, the sister of St Fiacre (Fiaker) who followed her brother from Ireland to France and lived as an anchoress there.

Victorinus June 8
+ 543. Brother of St Severino, Bishop of San Severino in Italy, with whom he lived as a hermit near Ancona.

June 9

Baithin (Comin, Cominus) June 9
+ c 598 By tradition a cousin of St Columba, he succeeded him as Abbot of Iona in Scotland. He reposed on the anniversary of St Columba’s repose.

Columba (Colum, Coim, Columbkill, Columcille, Columbus, Combs) June 9
c 521-597. Born in Garton in Co. Donegal, he became a monk at Glasnevin and was ordained priest. The rest of his life was spent founding monasteries and churches, in Ireland and Scotland. On Whitsun Eve 563 he landed with twelve companions on the island of Iona (Holy Island), where he established the most famous of his monasteries, which became vital in the conversion of the Picts, the Scots and the Northern English. His biographer and successor, Adamnan, wrote that: ‘He had the face of an angel, was of an excellent nature, polished in speech, holy in deed, great in counsel … loving to all’. His relics were transferred to Dunkeld in 849 and his ‘Cathach’, a copy of the Psalms in his own hand, still exists.

Cummian (Cumian, Cummin) June 9
1st half 8th cent. Born in Ireland, he became a bishop. He visited Bobbio in Italy and lived there as a monk.

Maximian of Syracuse June 9
+ 594. Born in Sicily, he became a monk at St Andrew’s on the Coelian Hill in Rome with St Gregory the Great. He served as papal ambassador in Constantinople. Recalled to Rome, he finally became Bishop of Syracuse.

Primus and Felician June 9
+ c 297. Two elderly brothers beheaded under Diocletian on the Via Nomentana in Rome.

Vincent of Agen June 9
+ ? c 292. A deacon martyred by pagans at Agen in Gascony in France.

June 10

Aresius, Rogatius and Companions June 10
? A group of seventeen martyrs in North Africa.

Bardo June 10
982-1053. Born in Oppershofen in Germany, he became a monk at Fulda. In 1029 he became Abbot of Werden on the Ruhr and in 1031 Abbot of Hersfeld and also Archbishop of Mainz. He was noted for his ascetic life, his love for the poor and for animals.

Basilides, Tripos, Mandal and Companions June 10
270-275. A group of twenty-three Orthodox martyred in Rome on the Aurelian Way under Aurelian.

Censurius June 10
+ 486. The successor of St Germanus as Bishop of Auxerre in France. He was bishop from 448 on.

Crispulus and Restitutus June 10
1st cent. Martyrs under Nero, either in Rome or else in Spain.

Evermund (Ebremund) June 10
+ c 720. Born in Bayeux in France, he married but with his wife’s consent founded several monasteries and convents, including Fontenay-Louvet near Séez, where he became monk and abbot. His wife had entered a convent as a nun.

Getulius, Caerealis, Amantius and Primitivus June 10
+ c 120. By tradition Getulius was the husband of St Symphorosa. He, his brother Amantius, and the two officers sent to capture him and converted by him, were clubbed to death in Tivoli in Italy under Hadrian.

Illadan (Illathan, Iolladhan) June 10
6th cent. Bishop of Rathlihen in Offaly in Ireland.

Ithamar June 10
+ c 656. Born in Kent, he was the first English bishop and succeeded St Paulinus as Bishop of Rochester in England.

Landericus June 10
+ 1050 (?). A monk at Novalese in Savoy in Italy, drowned in the River Arc by evildoers.

Landericus June 10
+ c 661. Bishop of Paris in France from 650. He founded the first hospital – Hôtel-Dieu – in Paris.

Maurinus June 10
? Probably Abbot of St Pantaleon in Cologne in Germany, where he was martyred.

Maximus June 10
4th cent. Tenth Bishop of Naples in Italy (359). He reposed in exile and is honoured as a martyr.

Oliva (Olivia, Olive) June 10
? A virgin martyr who was venerated in Palermo in Sicily and in Carthage in North Africa.

June 11

Blitharius (Blier) June 11
7th cent. Born in Scotland, he went to France and settled in Seganne in Champagne.

Felix and Fortunatus June 11
+ 296 Two brothers, born in Vicenza in Italy, who suffered under Diocletian in Aquileia.

Herebald (Herband) June 11
8th cent. Born in Britain, he lived as a hermit in Brittany where a church is dedicated to him.

Tochumra June 11
? A holy virgin venerated in Kilmore in Ireland. She was called on by women in labour.

June 12

Gerebald June 12
+ 885. Bishop of Châlons-sur-Seine in France (864-885).

Leo III June 12
+ 816. Born in Rome, he became Pope of Rome in 795. He suffered much from political factions in Rome and was himself seized and tortured. Leo refused to add the filioque to the Nicene Creed.

Odulphus June 12
+ c 855. Born in Brabant in Belgium, he went to Utrecht in Holland and helped enlighten Frisia, founding a monastery.

Ternan June 12
? 5th cent. An early missionary bishop among the Picts in Scotland. He is said to have lived in Abernethy and been consecrated by St Palladius. He founded the monastery of Culross in Fifeshire.

June 13

Damhnade June 13
? A holy virgin in Ireland who was greatly venerated in Cavan in Fermanagh.

Fandilas June 13
+ 853. A priest and Abbot of Peñamelaria near Cordoba in Spain. He was beheaded in Cordoba by order of the Emir Mohammed.

Felicula June 13
+ c 90. A virgin-martyr in Rome under Domitian. She was left for a fortnight in prison without food or drink and was thrown into a ditch to die. Her body was recovered by St Nicomedes.

Fortunatus and Lucian June 13
? Martyrs in North Africa.

Peregrinus (Cetheus) June 13
+ c 600. Bishop of L’Aquila in the Abruzzi in Italy. He was drowned in the River Aterno by the Arian Lombards for asking for mercy for a condemned prisoner.

Rambert (Ragnebert, Ragnobert) June 13
+ c 680. A courtier in Austrasia in the east of France, he was murdered by the tyrant Ebroin in the Jura mountains. He has always been honoured as a martyr.

June 14

Anastasius, Felix and Digna June 14
+ 853. Anastasius was a deacon of the church of St Acisclus in Cordoba in Spain, who became a monk at Tábanos near the same town. Felix was born in Alcalá of a Berber family, became a monk in Asturias but joined the monastery at Tábanos, hoping for martyrdom. Digna belonged to the convent there. The three were among the first to confess Christ in Cordoba and were beheaded by order of the Caliph.

Cearan (Ciaran) June 14
+ 870. Abbot of Bellach-Duin, now Castle Kerrant, in Ireland. He was called the devout.

Dogmael June 14
5th-6th cent. A monk who lived in Dyfed and Anglesey in Wales and also in Brittany.

Etherius June 14
+ c 6th cent. Bishop of Vienne in France.

Gerold June 14
+ 806. A monk of Fontenelle and from 787 Bishop of Evreux in France.

Hartwig June 14
+ 1023. Twenty-first Archbishop of Salzburg in Austria (991-1023).

Lotharius June 14
c 756. Founder of a monastery in the forest of Argentan in France which was later called Saint-Loyer-des-Champs after him. He then became Bishop of Séez for thirty-two years.

Marcian of Syracuse June 14
+ c 255? According to Sicilian tradition he was the first ‘Bishop of the West’, sent to Syracuse in Sicily by the Apostle Peter. It is more likely that Marcian was sent to Sicily in the third century. He was martyred by Jews who threw him from a tower.

Mark of Lucera June 14
+ c 328 A bishop venerated locally in the south of Italy.

Nennus (Nenus, Nehemias) June 14
7th cent. He succeeded St Enda as abbot of the monasteries of the Isles of Arran and Bute in Ireland.

Psalmodius (Psalmet, Saumon, Saumay) June 14
7th cent. Probably born in Ireland, he was a disciple of St Brendan. He moved to France and lived as a hermit near Limoges.

Quintian June 14
? A bishop in France.

Richard of St Vannes June 14
+ 1046. Called ‘Gratia Dei, ‘Thanks be to God’, from a phrase he often said. He became a monk at St Vannes in Verdun in the north of France.

Valerius and Rufinus June 14
+ c 287. Martyrs in Soissons in France.

June 15

Abraham June 15
+ c 480. Born on the banks of the Euphrates, he travelled to Egypt, where he fell among thieves who held him prisoner for five years. He escaped and travelled to France. There he settled near Clermont in Auvergne as a hermit. Eventually he became abbot of the monastery of St Cyriacus (St Cyrgnes). He is called on in prayer against fever.

Benildis June 15
+ 853. A woman of Cordoba in Spain who was so moved by the courage of the priest Athanasius during his martyrdom at the hands of the Moors, that she braved death at the stake on the following day. Her ashes were thrown into the Guadalquivir.

Constantine June 15
+ c 706. A monk with St Philibert at Jumièges in France and then Bishop of Beauvais.

Domitian and Hadelin June 15
+ c 686. Two disciples of St Landelinus at Lobbes in Belgium.

Edburgh (Edburga) of Winchester June 15
+ 960. Daughter of Edward the Elder and granddaughter of Alfred the Great, she was placed as a child in the convent which King Alfred’s widow had founded in Winchester in England. Her shrine in Pershore in Worcestershire was famous for its miracles.

Landelinus June 15
c 625-686. Born near Bapaume, Landelinus lived for a time as a robber, but he repented and became a monk. He was later ordained and founded monasteries in France and Belgium, at Lobbes in 654, Aulne (656), Walers (657) and Crespin (Crepy) in 670.

Melan June 15
+ c 549. Bishop of Viviers in France from 519 on.

Trillo (Drillo, Drel) June 15
6th cent. Patron saint of two places in Gwynedd in Wales.

Vitus (Guy), Modestus and Crescentia June 15
+ c 303? Fleeing from Sicily, they were all martyred in Italy under Diocletian. St Vitus is called on in prayer against epilepsy and the nervous disorder called St Vitus’s dance.

Vouga (Vougar, Veho, Feock, Fiech) June 15
6th cent. A bishop from Ireland who settled in Brittany and lived there as a hermit near Lesneven.

June 16

Actinea and Graecina June 16
4th cent. Both martyrs, the former was beheaded in Volterra in Italy under Diocletian.

Aurelian June 16
+ c 550. He became Bishop of Arles in France in 546. He founded two monastic houses, one for monks and one for nuns, and drew up for each a rule, based on that of St Caesarius.

Aureus, Justina and Companions June 16
During an invasion of the Huns, Aureus, Bishop of Mainz in Germany, was driven from his diocese and was followed by his sister, Justina, and others. After they returned, he and the others were martyred in church while celebrating the liturgy.

Berthaldus (Bertaud) June 16
+ c 540. A hermit in the Ardennes in France, he was ordained priest by St Remigius.

Cettin (Cethagh) June 16
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick of Ireland and consecrated bishop by him.

Colman McRoi June 16
6th cent. A deacon who was a disciple of St Columba. He also founded a monastery at Reachrain, now Lambay Island, near Dublin in Ireland.

Curig June 16
6th cent. Bishop of Llanbadarn in Wales, where several churches are dedicated to him.

Felix and Maurus June 16
6th cent. Born in Palestine, after a pilgrimage to Rome, this father and son lived as hermits at what is now called San Felice near Narni in central Italy.

Ferreolus and Ferrutio June 16
+ c 212. Ferreolus, a priest, and Ferrutio, a deacon, were brothers from Asia Minor. They were sent by St Irenaeus of Lyons to enlighten the area round Besançon in France, where they preached for thirty years and were finally martyred.

Ismael June 16
6th cent. A disciple of St Teilo in Wales, he was consecrated bishop by him.

Similian (Sambin) June 16
+ 310. Third Bishop of Nantes in France. St Gregory of Tours testified to his holiness.

Simplicius of Bourges June 16
+ 477. He was the father of a large family when the local bishops chose him to be Bishop of Bourges in France. He defended the Church against the Arian Visigoths.

June 17

Avitus (Avy) June 17
+ c 530. First of all a monk at Menat in Auvergne in France, then Abbot of Micy near Orleans, and finally a hermit in the Perche, where he was forced by his numerous disciples to build and become abbot of a new monastery.

Botulf and Adulf (Botolph and Adolph) June 17
7th cent. Brothers and monks in England. Though little is known of Adulf, Botulf founded a monastery at Iken in Suffolk and was famed for his piety. Over seventy churches were dedicated to St Botulf, including four at the gates of the City of London.

Briavel June 17
6th cent. A hermit at St Briavels, now in Gloucestershire in England.

Gundulphus June 17
6th cent. A bishop in France who is said to have reposed in Bourges.

Herveus (Hervé) June 17
+ c 575. Blind from childhood, he was born in Wales but was taken when very young to Brittany. Though blind, he became Abbot of Plouvien, from where he moved with some of his monks to Lanhouarneau.

Himerius June 17
+ c 560. Born in Calabria in Italy, he became a monk and then Bishop of Ameila in Umbria. He is described as a great ascetic. In 995 his relics were translated to Cremona where he is one of the main patron-saints.

Molling (Moling, Myllin, Molignus, Dairchilla) June 17
+ 697. Born in Wexford in Ireland, he became a monk at Glendalough and afterwards Abbot of Aghacainid (Teghmolin, St Mullins). Later he succeeded St Aidan as Bishop of Ferns.

Montanus June 17
+ c 300. A soldier who was taken to the island of Ponza in Italy and martyred by being thrown into the sea with a heavy stone tied round his neck. Christians recovered his body and enshrined it in Gaeta.

Nectan June 17
6th cent. Born in Wales, he is the patron saint of Hartland in Devon, now in England, where he was a hermit.

Rambold (Ramnold) June 17
+ 1001. A monk at St Maximinus in Trier in Germany, he Abbot of St Emmeram in Regensburg. He reposed at the age of one hundred.

Rome (Martyrs of) June 17
? A group of two hundred and sixty-two martyrs who suffered under Diodetian and buried on the old Via Salaria in Rome.

June 18

Alena June 18
+ c 640. Born of pagan parents near Brussels in Belgium, Alena was baptised without their knowledge. She was put to death while secretly going to the liturgy.

Amandus June 18
+ c 431. Successor of St Delphinus as Bishop of Bordeaux in France (c 404). He is mainly known from the works of St Paulinus of Nola whom he converted.

Calogerus the Anchorite June 18
+ c 486. A Greek who lived for thirty-five years as a hermit near Girgenti in Sicily after preaching Christ in the isles of Lipari.

Cyriacus and Paula June 18
+ 305. Two Christians, stoned to death in Málaga in Spain under Diocletian.

Fortunatus the Philosopher June 18
+ c 569. A bishop driven from the north of Italy by the Lombards.

Gregory, Demetrius and Calogerus June 18
+ 5th cent. Respectively a bishop, an archdeacon and an abbot in North Africa, from where they were driven out by Arian Vandals. They settled in Fragalata near Messina in Sicily and preached the Gospel there. They are honoured as the patron-saints of Fragalata.

Guy June 18
+ c 940 The successor of St Berno at Baume in France. About the year 940 he resigned and lived as a hermit near Fay-en-Bresse.

Mark and Marcellian June 18
+ c 287. Twin brothers and deacons who suffered in Rome under Maximian Herculeus.

Osmanna (Osanna) June 18
+ c 700. A nun at the convent of Jouarre in France.

June 19

Bruno-Boniface June 19 and Oct 15
+ 1009. Born in Querfurt in Germany, he accompanied the half-Greek Emperor Otto III to Italy in 996 and became a monk there. He became Archbishop of Mersburg and was sent to enlighten the heathen Prussians. He was martyred with eighteen companions.

Deodatus (Dié, Didier, Dieu-Donné, Adéodat) June 19
+ c 680. A bishop who founded and was abbot of the monastery of Val-de-Galilée – Jointures in France.

Deodatus June 19
+ 679. Bishop of Nevers in France in 655, he later lived as a hermit in the Vosges. Later he founded a monastery at Ebersheimmünster near Strasbourg.

Gaudentius, Culmatius and Companions June 19
+ 364. Gaudentius, a bishop, and Culmatius, his deacon, were martyred in Tuscany in Italy under Valentinian I. With them suffered Andrew, a layman, with his wife and children and a group of fifty-three companions.

Gervase and Protase June 19
? 2nd cent. In 386, during the episcopate of St Ambrose, the relics of Sts Gervase and Protase, the protomartyrs of the city, were discovered in Milan in Italy.

Hildegrin June 19
+ c 827. Younger brother of St Ludger, whom he helped in enlightening the Saxons. He became Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne in France and then Abbot of Werden in Germany.

Innocent June 19
+ 559. Bishop of Le Mans in France for over forty years.

Romuald June 19
c 951-1027. Born in Ravenna in Italy, in his youth he saw his father commit a murder and resolved to repent for it by becoming a monk at Classe near Ravenna. In 996 he became abbot of that monastery. However, he left it in 999 and led a wandering life, establishing hermitages and monasteries, among them Camaldoli near Arezzo in 1009.

Ursicinus June 19
+ c 67. A doctor in Ravenna in Italy. Sentenced to death for being a Christian, he wavered but was encouraged by the soldier St Vitalis and accepted martyrdom.

Zosimus June 19
+ 110. A martyr in Spoleto in Umbria in Italy under Trajan.

June 20

Adalbert June 20
+ 981. A monk at St Maximin in Trier in Germany, he went to preach to the pagans. In 961 all his companions were killed by them and he only escaped with difficulty. He then became Abbot of Weissenburg and in 968 the first Archbishop of Magdeburg with jurisdiction over the western Slavs or Sorbs.

Alban June 20
c 303. Venerated as the Protomartyr of Britain. He was a citizen of Verulam, now in England, converted by a persecuted priest whom he had sheltered in his house. He was executed on Holmhurst Hill and on this site was built the monastery of St Alban’s, by which name Verulam has since been known.

Bain (Bainus, Bagnus) June 20
+ c 710. A monk at Fontenelle in France, he became Bishop of Thérouanne. After twelve years he returned to Fontenelle and later became abbot. He is the main patron-saint of Calais.

Florentina (Florence) June 20
+ c 636. Born in Carthagena in Spain, she was the only sister of Sts Leander, Fulgentius and Isidore. Losing her parents at an early age, she was placed under the guardianship of St Leander. She went to a convent where she later became abbess.

Goban (Gobain) June 20
+ 670. Born in Ireland and a disciple of St Fursey, he became a monk with him at Burgh Castle in Suffolk. He followed his abbot to France and they lived as hermits in the forest near the Oise. He was murdered by barbarians at the place now called Saint Gobain.

Govan (Goven, Cofen) June 20
6th cent. A hermit who lived halfway down a cliff at St Govan’s Head in Dyfed in Wales where his stone hut can still be seen. He is probably buried under the altar in the hut, which later became a small chapel. Govan was probably a disciple of St Ailbe.

Helen (Heliada) June 20
+ c 750. Abbess of the convent of Oehren in Trier in Germany.

Novatus June 20
+ c 151. Son of Pudens, senator of Rome, and brother of Sts Praxedes and Pudentiana.

June 21

Agofredus June 21
+ 738. Brother of St Leutfrid (Leffroi) and monk at Holy Cross (La-Croix-Saint-Leuffroi), a monastery near Evreux in the north of France.

Alban June 21
+ c 400. A Greek priest from Naxos, he was sent into exile by the Arians and preached the Gospel in Germany around Mainz. Here he was again attacked by the Arians and martyred.

Corbmac June 21
6th cent. A disciple of St Columba and Abbot of Durrow in Ireland.

Demetria June 21
+ 363. A virgin-martyr in Rome, sister of St Bibiana and daughter of Sts Flavian and Dafrosa.

Dominic of Comacchio June 21
+ c 820. A monk at Comacchio near Venice in Italy.

Engelmund June 21
+ c 739. Born in England, he became a monk at a very early age and then priest and abbot. He went to Friesland in Holland where he successfully preached with St Willibrord at Velsen, six miles north of Haarlem.

Leutfrid (Leufroi) June 21
+ 738. Founder of the monastery La Croix-Saint-Ouen (later called Saint-Leufroy) near Evreux in France where he was abbot for nearly fifty years. He cared for poor children.

Maine (Mevenus, Mewan, Meen) June 21
+ 617. Born in Cornwall or Wales, he was a disciple of St Samson, whom he accompanied to Brittany. There he founded the monastery known as Saint-Méon.

Martin of Tongres June 21
+ c 350. Seventh Bishop of Tongres in Belgium, he is venerated as the Apostle of the Hesbaye region in Brabant.

Ralph June 21
+ 866. He became a monk at the monastery of Solignac in France and later Abbot of St Medard in Soissons. In 840 he became Bishop of Bourges, founding monasteries and doing good works.

Rufinus and Martia June 21
? Martyrs in one of the early persecutions in Syracuse in Sicily.

Urciscenus June 21
+ c 216. Seventh Bishop of Pavia in Italy c 183-216.

Wolfrid June 21
+ c 990. Founder of the monastery of Hohentwiel in Germany.

June 22

Aaron June 22
+ c 552. Probably born in Wales, he went to Brittany and lived as a hermit at what is now St Malo. Later he was joined by disciples, among them St Malo, and he became their abbot.

Consortia June 22
+ ? 570. She founded a convent in France endowed by King Clotaire after she miraculously healed his dying daughter. She was venerated at Cluny.

Flavius Clemens June 22
+ c 96. Brother of the Emperor Vespasian and uncle of Titus and Domitian, whose niece, Flavia Domitilla, he married. In the year 95 he held consular office together with Domitian. The following year Domitian had him beheaded for the Orthodox Faith.

John I of Naples June 22
5th cent. Bishop of Naples in Italy.

John IV of Naples June 22
+ 835. Known as ‘the Peacemaker’, he was Bishop of Naples in Italy, where he is venerated as a patron-saint.

Paulinus of Nola June 22
c 354-431. Pontius Meropius Amcius Paulinus was born in Bordeaux in France, the son of a Roman patrician. Appointed prefect of Rome, after the death of his only child in 390 he left the world and went to Spain, where the people of Barcelona forced him to accept the priesthood. Finally he settled as a hermit near Nola in Campania in Italy and there the people chose him as their bishop (400). He proved to be one of the finest bishops of his age. He suffer greatly during the invasion of Campania by the Goths under Alaric. Most of his writings survive.

Rotrudis June 22
+ c 869. A saint whose relics were enshrined at Saint Bertin in Saint Omer in France.

June 23

Agrippina June 23
+ c 262. A virgin-martyr in Rome, probably under Valerian. She was especially venerated by Sicilians and Greeks, both having relics, the former in Mineo and the latter in Constantinople.

Audrey (Etheldred, Etheldreda) June 23
+ 679. Born in Suffolk in England, she was a daughter of King Anna of East Anglia and a sister of Sts Saxburgh, Ethelburgh and Withburgh. Twice married, she remained a virgin. She became a nun at Coldingham and then went to Ely where she became abbess. She lived a life of great holiness and simplicity. Her body remained incorrupt after death and her hand-relic survives in Ely to this day.

Felix of Sutri June 23
+ 257. A priest of Sutri in Tuscany in Italy, scourged to death under Valerian and Gallienus.

Hidulf June 23
+ c 707. Count of Hainault in Belgium, he married St Aye, but by mutual consent they entered monasteries. Hidulf became a monk at Lobbes which he had helped to found.

James of Toul June 23
+ 769. Probably born in Bertigny in Haute Marne, he became a monk at Hornbach, before he became Bishop of Toul in the east of France in 756.

John June 23
+ 362. A priest in Rome, beheaded under Julian the Apostate.

Moeliai (Moelray) June 23
+ c 493. Born in Ireland and baptised by St Patrick, he became Abbot of Nendrum.

Walhere June 23
? A priest in Belgium murdered for his righteousness and venerated as a martyr.

June 24

Agoard, Agilbert and Companions June 24
5th to 7th cent. Holy martyrs in Creteil, now a suburb of Paris in France.

Faustus and Companions June 24
? Twenty-four martyrs in Rome.

Germoc June 24
6th cent. Born in Ireland, he was the brother of St Breaca and settled near Mount’s Bay in Cornwall.

Henry (Heric) June 24
+ c 880. Born in Hery in Yonne in France, he became a monk at Saint-Germain d’Auxerre.

Ivan June 24
9th cent. He renounced a brilliant position at the court of Czechia to become a hermit. He was buried by St Ludmilla.

John of Tuy June 24
9th cent. Born in Galicia in Spain, he lived as a hermit near Tuy, where his relics are still enshrined.

Rumoldus (Rumbold) June 24
+ c 775. Probably from England, he was a monk who became a bishop with St Willibrord in Holland and in Brabant in Belgium. He was murdered near Malines.

Simplicius of Autun June 24
+ c 360. A married man who lived a virginal life with his wife and became Bishop of Autun. He worked zealously and successfully to uproot paganism in his diocese.

Theodulphus (Thiou) June 24
+ 776. Third Abbot of Lobbes in Belgium.

June 25

Adalbert June 25
+ c 740. Born in Northumbria in England, he became a monk at Rathmelgisi in Ireland and accompanied St Willibrord as a deacon to Frisia. He worked around Egmont in Holland and became the patron-saint there.

Eurosia (Orosia) June 25
+ 714. Born in Bayonne in France, she was martyred by the Saracens in Jaca in the Pyrenees in Spain. She was also venerated in the south of France and in the north of Italy.

Gallicanus June 25
+ c 362. An officer in the army of Constantine and a consul in Rome, he went to live in Ostia where he founded a hospital and ministered to the sick.

Gallicanus June 25
+ c 541. The fifth Bishop of Embrun in France.

Gohardus June 25
+ 843. Bishop of Nantes in France, he was martyred by raiding Normans while celebrating the liturgy. Many monks and priests suffered with him.

Maximus of Turin June 25
+ c 470. Bishop of Turin during the barbarian invasions of the north of Italy. He is remembered for his homilies and other ascetic writings, which survive.

Moloc (Molluog, Murlach, Lugaidh) June 25
+ c 572. Born in Scotland, he went to Ireland and then returned to his native land as a missionary. His main work as a bishop was the enlightenment of the Hebrides. He died in Rossmarkie but his shrine was in Mortlach.

Molonachus June 25
7th cent. A disciple of St Brendan, he became Bishop of Lismore in Argyle in Scotland.

Prosper of Reggio June 25
+ c 466. Bishop of Reggio in Emilia in Italy, venerated as the main patron-saint of the city.

Selyf (Selyr, Levan) June 25
6th cent. ? A hermit in St Levan in Cornwall.

Solomon I June 25
5th cent. By tradition he was born in Cornwall, the husband of St Gwen and father of St Cuby (Cybi). He lived in Brittany and was murdered by heathen.

Solomon III (Selyf) June 25
+ 874. King of Brittany and a brave warrior against Franks and Northmen alike. The Bretons count him among their national heroes. He repented for the crimes of his youth and when he was murdered, he was proclaimed a martyr.

June 26

Barbolenus June 26
+ c 677. A monk at Luxeuil and afterwards first Abbot of St Peter’s, later St Maur-des-Fossés, in the north of France.

Corbican June 26
8th cent. Born in Ireland, he lived as a hermit in Holland and helped simple people.

Hermogius June 26
+ c 942. Born in Tuy in Spain, he founded the monastery of Labrugia in Galicia in 915. He was taken prisoner by the Moors and taken to Cordoba, but was later freed. His nephew, St Pelagius, was kept as a hostage.

John and Paul June 26
? Martyrs who suffered in Rome.

Maxentius (Maixent) June 26
c 448-515. Born in Agde in the south of France, he became a monk at a monastery in Poitou, now called after him Saint-Maixent, where he later became abbot. He was highly esteemed by the local population whom he protected from the invading barbarians.

Pelagius (Pelayo) June 26
c 912-925. A young boy from Asturias in Spain left as a hostage with the Moors in Cordoba. He was offered freedom and other rewards if he would accept Islam. These inducements were repeatedly put before him during the three years that he was kept in prison. On his stubborn refusal, he was tortured, which he endured for six hours before finally reposing. His relics were transferred to Leon in 967 and to Oviedo in 985.

Perseveranda (Pecinna, Pezaine) June 26
+ c 726. A holy virgin from Spain who with her sisters Macrina and Columba travelled to Poitiers in France where they founded a convent. While fleeing from a robber, Perseveranda died at a place called after her, Sainte-Pezaine.

Salvius and Superius June 26
+ c 768. Salvius was a bishop near Angouleme in France who was sent to Valenciennes to enlighten the Flemish. The greed of a noble led to his death and he was hastily buried beneath a martyred companion. When the relics were discovered his anonymous companion was found first and called ‘Superius’.

Vigilius June 26
+ 405. A Roman noble who studied in Athens. He became Bishop of Trent in Italy and more or less succeeded in uprooting paganism. He was stoned to death in the Val di Rendena for overturning a statue of Saturn.

June 27

Clement June 27
+ c 298 A martyr in Cordoba in Spain under Diocletian. He belongs to the group led by St Zoilus.

Deodatus June 27
+ 473. Deacon of St Paulinus of Nola in Italy and later his successor.

John of Chinon June 27
6th cent. Born in Brittany, he became a hermit in Chinon in the west of France. Here he became the spiritual father of Queen Radegund.

Zoilus and Companions June 27
+ c 301. A youth martyred in Cordoba in Spain under Diocletian. The monastery of San Zoil de Carrión in León in Spain was founded to enshrine his relics.

June 28

Argymirus June 28
+ 858. Born in Cabra near Cordoba in Spain, he held a high position among the Muslims of the city. He was deprived of his office on account of his faith and became a monk. Shortly afterwards he openly renounced Islam, confessed Christ and was beheaded.

Austell June 28
6th cent. A disciple of St Mewan or Mevan of Cornwall. He probably lived in the area where the place-name preserves his memory.

Benignus June 28
6th cent. Bishop of Utrecht in Holland. His relics were uncovered there in 996.

Crummine June 28
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick at Leccuine (Lackan) in Westmeath in Ireland.

Egilo (Egilon, Eigil) June 28
+ 871. A monk and later Abbot of Prüm near Trier in Germany. He restored the monastery at Flavigny near Dijon and founded the monastery of Corbigny, both in France.

Heimrad June 28
+ 1019. A priest at Baden in Germany who after many pilgrimages lived as a monk at Hersfeld and then as a hermit at Hasungen in Westphalia.

Irenaeus of Lyons June 28
c 130-200. Born in Asia Minor, he was a disciple of St Polycarp, who was a disciple of the Apostle John the Divine. He went to France and became Bishop of Lyons (c 177), where he was later martyred. His writings against Gnosticism are a witness to Apostolic Tradition.

Papias (Papius) June 28
+ c 303. A martyr, possibly in Sicily, under Diocletian.

Paul I June 28
+ 767. Born in Rome, together with his brother, later Pope Stephen, he attended the Lateran School. He succeeded his brother as Pope in 757. His main task was to withstand the iconoclasm of the Emperor Constantine Copronymus. He also enshrined the relics of many saints and built churches.

Theodichildis (Telchildis) June 28
+ c 660. A nun at Faremoutiers in France, she became the first Abbess of Jouarre.

June 29

Benedicta June 29
? Sister of Sts Augustine and Sanctian, all three were born in Spain but went to France and were martyred in Sens under Aurelian.

Cassius of Narni June 29
+ 558. Bishop of Narni in Italy.

Cocha (Coecha) June 29
6th cent. Abbess of Ross-Benchuir in Ireland.

Gemma (Hemma, Emma) June 29
+ 1045. Left a widow, she founded the monastery of Gurk in Carinthia in Austria and became a nun there.

Marcellus and Anastasius June 29
+ 274. Martyred in Bourges in France. Marcellus was beheaded and Anastasius scourged.

Paul the Apostle June 29
c 3-65? Born in Tarsus in Cilicia, a Pharisee, a Roman citizen and a tentmaker by trade, he was originally called Saul and was educated in the Law of the Jews in Jerusalem. After taking part in the stoning of the first Orthodox martyr, St Stephen, he was miraculously converted on the road to Damascus and received his mission to enlighten the Gentiles. He did so in at least four Apostolic journeys, extending perhaps as far as Spain, establishing churches everywhere and surrounded by dangers of all sorts. Nevertheless he was always zealous for Christ. His thirteen letters, addressed mostly to the Churches which he had founded, belong to divine revelation. According to a very old tradition, he was beheaded in Rome, which Church he had founded, near the Ostian Way.

Peter the Apostle June 29
+ c 64. Simon, son of Jonah, was a married fisherman who lived in Bethsaida. He was a disciple of St John the Baptist before he was called, after his elder brother Andrew, to be a disciple of Christ. He was called ‘Rock’ (Cephas, Petros, Petra, Peter) because of his confession of Christ as the Son of God. Peter was a witness of many important events such as the Transfiguration and the Agony in the Garden. After Christ’s Ascension he founded the Church in Antioch and visited the Church in Rome founded by the Apostle Paul. Here he was martyred, head downwards in the circus of Nero, and was buried on the Vatican Hill. He is commemorated together with the Apostle Paul on 29 June and his relics are enshrined beneath the altar of St Peter’s in Rome to this day.

Salome and Judith June 29
9th cent. Salome is said to have been a princess from England who was exiled. She was befriended in Bavaria by a pious widow named Judith. Both became anchoresses at Oberaltaich in Germany.

Syrus of Genoa June 29
+ c 380. Priest and later Bishop of Genoa in Italy from c 324 to c 380. He is the main patron of the city.

June 30

Bertrand June 30
+ 623. Born in Autun in France, he met St Germanus in Paris and later became Bishop of Le Mans. He took a great interest in agriculture and wine-growing and loved the poor.

Clotsindis (Clotsend) June 30
c 635-714. Daughter of St Adalbald and St Rictrudis, who founded the convent of Marchiennes in the north of France. Clotsindis succeeded her mother as second abbess.

Emiliana June 30
? A virgin-martyr in Rome.

Ermentrude (Erentrudis) June 30
+ c 718. A sister or niece of St Rupert, Apostle of Salzburg. She was the first Abbess of Nonnberg in Salzburg, founded for her by Rupert.

Eurgain June 30
6th cent. Foundress of Cor-Eurgain in Wales, later called Llantwit.

First Martyrs of Rome June 30
+ 64. Protomartyrs of Rome. They were falsely charged by Nero with burning down the city and were ordered to undergo various cruel deaths; some were covered with the skins of wild beasts and thrown to wild dogs to be torn apart; others were crucified and when daylight failed were used as human torches. They were all disciples of the Apostles and the first fruits of the martyrs whom the Church of Rome sent to the Lord.

Gaius and Leo June 30
? Martyrs either in North Africa or in Rome, Gaius was a priest and Leo a subdeacon.

Lucina June 30
? An early martyr in Rome.

Marcian June 30
+ c 757. Bishop of Pampeluna in Spain. He was present at the sixth Council of Toledo in 737.

Martial of Limoges, Alpinian and Austriclinian June 30
+ c 250. First Bishop of Limoges in France and Apostle of the Limousin, together with two of his priests.

Ostianus June 30
? A saint venerated at Viviers in France.

July 1

Sunniva (Sunnifa) July 8
10th cent. By tradition, Sunniva was a princess who fled from Ireland with her brother and others. They were shipwrecked off the coast of Norway but landed on Selje Island. Here they were slain by people from the mainland and their relics were enshrined in Bergen – Rejoicings to Saint Sunniva: Click HERE

Carilefus (Carilephus, Carileff, Calais) July 1
+ c 536. A companion of St Avitus. He founded the monastery of Anisole in Maine in France.

Castus and Secundinus July 1
c 305. Two saints much venerated in the south of Italy. They were born in Sinuessa (Mondragone) near Caserta.

Cewydd July 1
6th cent. A saint of Anglesey in Wales and at Lancaut in Gloucestershire in England.

Domitian July 1
c 347-440. Born in Rome and orphaned when young, he became a monk at Lérins in the south of France. Later he founded the monastery of Bebron, now St Rambert de Joux.

Eparchius (Cybar) July 1
504-581. Born in a noble family in Périgord in France, he renounced his title to become a monk at Sessac.

Gall July 1
c 489-554. Born in Auvergne in France, he became a monk and was ordained deacon by St Quintian, Bishop of Clermont. He was the uncle and teacher of St Gregory of Tours.

Julius and Aaron and Companions July 1
+ c 305. According to tradition they are the Protomartyrs of Wales and suffered in Caerleon-on-Usk under Diocletian.

Juthware July 1
7th cent. Sister of St Sidwell. She was of British descent and lived in Devon in England.

Leonorious (Lunaire) July 1
+ c 570. A son of Hoel, King of Brittany, but born in Wales and consecrated bishop by St Dyfrig. Once in Brittany, then ruled by his brother Hoel II, he founded the monastery of Pontual, near Saint Malo.

Martin of Vienne July 1
+ c 132. Third Bishop of Vienne in France.

Servan (Serf, Sair) July 1
? The Apostle of West Fife in Scotland who reposed and was buried in Culross.

Theodoric (Thierry, Theodericus) July 1
+ c 533. Abbot of Mont d’Or near Rheims in the north of France.

Veep (Veepus, Veepy, Wimp, Wennapa) July 1
6th cent? Patron saint of St Veep in Cornwall.

July 2

Acestes July 2
1st cent. According to tradition, he was one of the three soldiers who led St Paul to execution in Rome. Converted by him, they were beheaded.

Ariston, Crescentian, Eutychian, Urban, Vitalis, Justus, Felicissimus, Felix, Marcia and Symphorosa July 2
+ c 285. A group of martyrs in the Campagna in the south of Italy under Diocletian.

Monegundis July 2
+ 570. A woman in Chartres in France who became an anchoress after the death of her two daughters. She spent most of her life near Tours.

Oudaceus (Eddogwy) July 2
+ c 615. Born in Brittany, he lived in Wales where he became a bishop near Llandaff.

Processus and Martinian July 2
? Martyrs who were greatly venerated in Rome: their tomb and basilica were on the Aurelian Way. Their relics are in St Peter’s in Rome.

Rome (Martyrs of) July 2
c 68. Three soldiers who were converted at the martyrdom of the Apostle Paul in Rome and then were themselves martyred.

Swithun (Swithin) July 2
+ 862. Born in Wessex in England, he spent his youth at the monastery in Winchester. He became a priest and in 852 Bishop of Winchester. On his repose and at his request, he was buried in the cemetery outside the minster. His relics were translated into the cathedral in 971, many miracles occurring, not least very heavy rainfall which gave rise to the popular saying, ‘St Swithn’s day if thou dost rain, For forty days it will remain’.

July 3

Bladus July 3
? By tradition, he was one of the early bishops of the Isle of Man.

Byblig (Biblig, Peblig, Piblig, Publicius) July 3
? 5th cent. A holy man connected with Carnarvon and honoured in several parts of Wales.

Cillene July 3
+ c 752. Born in Ireland, he went to Iona in Scotland and became abbot there in 726.

Dathus (Datus) July 3
+ 190. Bishop of Ravenna in Italy. His election was due to the miraculous appearance of a dove hovering over his head.

Germanus July 3
+ c 474. By tradition a nephew of St Patrick and a monk in Ireland, Wales and Brittany. Eventually he went to the Isle of Man as a bishop. His memory is still kept here in several place-names in the forms ‘Germain’ and ‘Jarman’.

Gunthiern July 3
+ c 500. A prince in Wales who went to Brittany and lived as a hermit.

Guthagon July 3
8th cent. Born in Ireland, he crossed to Belgium and became a hermit.

Heliodorus July 3
c 332-390. Born in Dalmatia, he helped translate the Vulgate. Later he settled in Aquileia in Italy and became Bishop of Altinum (Altino), a small town since destroyed, near Venice. He was a brave opponent of Arianism.

Irenaeus and Mustiola July 3
+ 273. Irenaeus, a deacon, and Mustiola, a noble lady, were martyred in Chiusi in Tuscany in Italy under Aurelian for ministering to other martyrs and burying their relics.

Leo II July 3
+ 683. Born in Sicily, he became Pope of Rome in 681. During his papacy, the former Pope Honorius I was condemned for not denouncing Monothelitism.

July 4

Aurelian July 4
+ 895. A monk and Abbot of Ainay in France, he later became Archbishop of Lyons.

Bertha July 4
+ c 725. A lady of high station, after her husband’s death she became a nun at the convent of Blangy in Artois in France, which she had founded and where she became abbess.

Finbar July 4
6th cent. An Abbot of Innis-Doimhle in Wexford in Ireland.

Hatto July 4
+ 985. Born of a noble Swabian family, he left all his property to the monastery of Ottobeuren in Germany and became a monk there.

Jucundian July 4
? A martyr in North Africa.

Laurianus July 4
+ ? c 544. Born in Pannonia, now Hungary, he was ordained deacon in Milan in Italy and later became Archbishop of Seville in Spain. He was martyred in Bourges in France.

Namphamon and Companions July 4
+ c? 180. Of Carthaginian descent, he was martyred with several compatriots at Madaura in Numidia in North Africa and called ‘the Archmartyr’.

Oda (Odo) the Good July 4
+ 959. Born in East Anglia of Danish parents, he became a monk at Fleury in France, then Bishop of Ramsbury in England and in 942 Archbishop of Canterbury. As Archbishop he played a prominent role under Kings Edmund and Edgar and paved the way for monastic restoration under Sts Dunstan, Oswald (Oda’s nephew) and Ethelwold.

Procopius July 4 (In the East Apr 1)
c 980-1053. Born in Czechia, he was ordained in Prague. Later he became a hermit and finally founded the monastery of Sazava.

Ulric (Uldaricus, Udalric) July 4
c 890-973. Born in Augsburg in Germany, at the age of seven he was sent to the monastery of St Gall in Switzerland. In 923 he became Bishop of Augsburg and protected his people against the invading Magyars. In his old age he lived as a monk at St Gall. In 993 he became the first person to be canonised by the Pope of Rome.

July 5

Agatho and Triphina July 5
+ c 306. Martyrs in Sicily.

Edana (Etaoin) July 5
? Patron of parishes in the west of Ireland. A famous holy well bears her name. She lived near the confluence of the rivers Boyle and Shannon.

Erfyl (Eurfyl) July 5
? She founded the church of Llanerfyl in Powys in Wales.

Fragan and Gwen (Blanche) July 5
5th cent. They left Britain after the departure of the Romans and were the parents of Sts Winwalöe, Jacut and Guithern. Churches in Brittany are dedicated to them.

Modwenna July 5
+ c 695. She succeeded St Hilda as Abbess of Whitby in England.

Modwenna July 5
7th cent. An anchoress and later Abbess of Polesworth in Warwickshire in England.

Numerian (Memorian) July 5
+ c 666. Son of a rich man in Trier in Germany, he first became a monk at Remiremont in France with St Arnulf and then went to the monastery of Luxeuil with St Waldebert. Later he became Bishop of Trier.

Philomena July 5
+ c 500. A saint venerated in San Severino near Ancona in Italy.

Probus and Grace July 5
? Saints of Cornwall, by tradition husband and wife. The church of Tressilian or Probus, is dedicated to them.

Stephen of Reggio July 5
1st cent. By tradition he was consecrated first Bishop of Reggio in Italy by the Apostle Paul and martyred under Nero. He is the main patron of Reggio.

Triphina July 5
6th cent. The mother of St Tremorus the infant-martyr. She spent the latter years of her life in a convent in Brittany.

Zöe (Zoa) July 5
+ c 286. With a Greek name, she lived in Rome. Married to a high official of the imperial court, she was martyred for the faith.

July 6

Dominica July 6
? A martyr venerated in Campania who suffered under Diocletian.

Goar July 6
+ c 575. A priest from Aquitaine in France, who lived as a hermit near Oberwesel on the Rhine in Germany, now called St Goar.

Monenna (or Darerca) July 6
+ 518. An ascetic and Abbess of Sliabh Cuillin in Ireland.

Noyala July 6
? A holy virgin from Britain beheaded at Beignan in Brittany.

Romulus and Companions July 6
+ c 90. By tradition ordained by the Apostle Peter as first pastor of Fiesole, he was martyred with several companions under Domitian.

Saxburgh (Sexburga) July 6
c 635-c 699. Daughter of Anna, King of East Anglia in England, sister of Sts Etheldred, Ethelburgh and Withburgh and half-sister of St Sethrid. She married Erconbert, King of Kent, and so became mother of Sts Ermenhild and Ercongota. As Queen she founded the convent of Minster in Sheppey. Widowed in 664, she became a nun there, later moving to Ely in 679, where she became abbess.

Tranquillinus July 6
+ c 288. A martyr in Rome connected with St Sebastian.

July 7

Ampelius July 7
+ c 672. Bishop of Milan in Italy under the Lombards. he exerted a great influence for good among the invading Lombards.

Angelelmus July 7
+ 828. Abbot of Sts Gervase and Protase in Auxerre in France and then bishop there.

Apollonius July 7
? An early Bishop of Brescia in Italy.

Bonitus July 7
+ c 582. Fourth Abbot of Montecassino. At this time the Lombards plundered and destroyed the monastery.

Ethelburgh (Ethelburga, Aubierge) July 7
+ c 664. The daughter of Anna, King of East Anglia in England. She became a nun at Faremoutiers-en-Brie in France, where she became abbess after St Fara.

Felix of Nantes July 7
+ 584. A great Bishop of Nantes in France for some thirty-three years.

Hedda July 7
+ 705. A monk and abbot in England who in 676 became Bishop of Wessex. He lived in Dorchester-on-Thames and then in Winchester where his relics are preserved. He was a great benefactor of the monastery of Malmesbury. He was bishop for about forty years and was greatly esteemed for his wisdom.

Iflidius (Allyre) July 7
+ 385. Fourth Bishop of Clermont in France. St Gregory of Tours revered him greatly

Maolruain July 7
+ 792. Founder of the monastery of Tallaght in Ireland and compiler of the martyrology of that name.

Medran and Odran July 7
6th cent. Two brothers, disciples of St Kieran of Saghir in Ireland, one of whom remained with St Kieran, while the other founded a monastery in Muskerry.

Palladius July 7
5th cent. A deacon from Rome or Auxerre in France who was sent in c 430 to preach the Gospel in Ireland. He landed near Wicklow and after some success left for Scotland, where he reposed.

Pantaenus July 7
+ c 190. Born in Sicily, Pantaenus became the head of the Orthodox School in Alexandria.

Prosper of Aquitaine July 7
c 390-436. Born in Aquitaine in France, he was a married layman who devoted himself to theology.

Willibald July 7
c 700-786/7. Born in Wessex in England, he was a brother of Sts Winebald and Walburgh and a cousin of St Boniface. At the age of five he was given as a monk at Waltham in Hampshire. In 722 he accompanied his father St Richard and his brother St Winebald on a pilgrimage to Rome and the Holy Land. Here he visited all the holy places and many monasteries, staying in Constantinople for two years. On his return to Italy he lived at Montecassino for ten years. Then he was sent to Germany to help St Boniface and in 742 was consecrated Bishop of Eichstätt. With his brother St Winebald he founded the monastery of Heidenheim where their sister Walburgh became abbess. His relics are still in the Cathedral in Eichstätt.

July 8

Sunniva (Sunnifa) July 8
10th cent. By tradition, Sunniva was a princess who fled from Ireland with her brother and others. They were shipwrecked off the coast of Norway but landed on Selje Island. Here they were slain by people from the mainland and their relics were enshrined in Bergen – Rejoicings to Saint Sunniva: Click HERE

Philomena, July 8 & Aug 11

+ 302. St Philomena was a princess from Corfu Island, Greece. She martyred in Rome.

Adrian III July 8
+ 885. The last Orthodox Pope of Rome.

Apollonius July 8
+ c 326. Bishop of Benevento in Italy. He went into hiding during the last persecution under Diocletian.

Aquila and Priscilla July 8
1st cent. Husband and wife, belonging to the Jewish diaspora, who worked as tentmakers at Rome and were exiled from there with all the other Jews under Claudius. They settled in Corinth, where they received the Apostle Paul into their house (Acts 18,3). Under Nero they returned to Rome and Paul sent greetings to them. A tradition in Rome says that they were martyred there.

Arnold July 8
+ c. 800. Apparently of Greek descent, he was famed for his charity to the poor. He has left his name to the village, Arnold-Villiers (Arnoldsweiler) near Jülich, now in Germany.

Auspicius July 8
+ c 130. By tradition the fourth Bishop of Trier in Germany and successor of St Maternus (c 130).

Auspicius July 8
+ c 475. Bishop of Toul in France.

Edgar the Peaceful July 8
+ 975. A King of England who repented of a depraved youth and whose reign was marked by a strong religious revival in England.

Grimbald July 8
+ 901. A monk at Saint Bertin in the north of France. In 885 King Alfred invited him to England. He became Abbot of Winchester and he helped restore learning in England.

Kilian (Chilianus), Colman and Totnan July 8
+ c 689. Monks from Ireland who enlightened Franconia and East Thuringia, where they were martyred. Kilian was Bishop of Wurzburg in Germany where he is still honoured.

Landrada July 8
+ c 690. Foundress and first Abbess of Munsterbilsen in Belgium.

Morwenna July 8
5th cent? Several places are named after her, notably Morwenstow in Cornwall, where her relics are probably buried under the church floor and where she has appeared.

Sostratus, Spirus, Eraclius, Eperentius and Cecilia July 8
? 4th cent. Martyrs of Syrmium in Pannonia.

Sunniva (Sunnifa) July 8
10th cent. By tradition, Sunniva was a princess who fled from Ireland with her brother and others. They were shipwrecked off the coast of Norway but landed on Selje Island. Here they were slain by people from the mainland and their relics were enshrined in Bergen.

Withburgh (Withburga) July 8
+ c 743. Youngest daughter of King Anna of East Anglia in England. After her father had fallen in battle, she became a nun and lived as an anchoress at East Dereham in Norfolk, founding a convent there.

July 9

Agilulf July 9
+ c 720. A monk and Abbot of Stavelot-Malmédy in Belgium and Archbishop of Cologne in Germany. His martyrdom was the result of his zeal and was aided by the connivance of Charles Martel.

Agrippinus July 9
+ 538. Bishop of Autun in France, he ordained St Germanus of Paris to the deaconate and the priesthood.

Anatolia and Audax July 9
+ c 250. Martyrs in Rome under Decius. Confined to a prison near Rieti the small village now called Sant’ Anatolia. Anatolia’s miracles converted Audax, one of the guards.

Brictius July 9
+ c 312. Bishop of Martola near Spoleto in Umbria in Italy, imprisoned for Orthodoxy under Diocletian. He escaped death and died a confessor under Constantine.

Everildis (Averil) July 9
+ c 700. Born in England, she became a nun at a place called ‘the Bishop’s Farm’, later known as Everingham (in Yorkshire), where she became abbess of a convent of some eighty nuns.

Golvinus (Golwen) July 9
? 7th cent. Born in Britain, his holiness led to him becoming Bishop of St Pol-de-Léon in Brittany. He reposed in Rennes where his relics are enshrined.

Justus of Poland July 9
+ 1008. One of four hermit-brothers in Poland – Sts Benedict, Andrew, Barnabas and Justus.

July 10

Alexander July 10
+ c 150. An early martyr in Rome.

Amelberga July 10
+ 690. Born in Brabant in Belgium, she was married to Count Witger and was the mother of Sts Gudula, Emebert and Reineldis. When Witger became a monk at Lobbes, she joined the convent at Maubeuge.

Amelberga July 10
+ c 772. A nun at Münsterbilsen in Belgium. Her relics were later transferred to the monastery of St Peter in Ghent.

Etto (Hetto) July 10
+ c 670. Born in Ireland. He was Abbot of St Peter’s at Fescau in Belgium and also bishop.

Januarius, Marinus, Nabor and Felix July 10
? Martyrs in North Africa.

Lantfrid, Waltram and Elilantus July 10
+ c 770. Three brothers who founded the monastery of Benediktbeuren in Bavaria in Germany and succeeded one another as abbots.

Pascharius (Pasquier) July 10
+ c 680. Bishop of Nantes in France. He founded the monastery of Aindre.

Peter of Perugia July 10
+ 1007. Peter Vincioli was born near Perugia in Italy and founded the monastery of St Peter there.

Rufina and Secunda July 10
+ 257. Two virgin-martyrs in Rome under Valerian, buried at Santa Rufina on the Aurelian Way.

Rufinus and Secundus July 10
? Early martyrs buried on the Via Cornelia at the eleventh milestone from Rome.

Seven Brothers July 10 (In the East Jan 25)
+ c 150. Seven early martyrs in Rome who became brothers through sharing martyrdom. Their names are: Januarius, Felix and Philip, scourged to death; Sylvanus, thrown over a precipice; Alexander, Vitalis and Martial, beheaded. They suffered in Rome under Antoninus Pius.

July 11

Abundius July 11
+ 854. A parish priest in Ananelos, a village near Cordoba in Spain. He had no thought of martyrdom, but when he had to, he bravely confessed Christ before the tribunal of the Moorish Caliph of Cordoba. He was beheaded and his body was thrown to the dogs.

Amabilis July 11
+ c 634. Daughter of an English noble, she became a nun at Saint-Amand in Rouen in France.

Benedict July 11 (In the East March 14)
c 480-550. Born near Nursia in Umbria in central Italy, at the age of twenty he went to live as a hermit in a cave near Subiaco. Many disciples flocked to him and he built a laura, composed of twelve small monasteries for them. About the year 530 he left Subiaco for Montecassino, where he founded a monastery and where he lived the rest of his life as a deacon and famed as a wonderworker. He reposed while standing in prayer before the altar. Some relics of St Benedict were later translated to France but others remained at Montecassino.

Drostan July 11
+ c 610. Born in Ireland, he became a monk with St Columba and the first Abbot of Deer in Aberdeenshire. He is venerated as one of the Apostles of Scotland. His holy well is near Aberdour.

Hidulf (Hidulphus) July 11
+ 707. Born in Regensburg in Germany, he became a monk at the monastery of Maximinus in Trier. Later he was consecrated bishop, but about the year 676 he founded the monastery of Moyenmoutier in the east of France and lived there. When he reposed he was Abbot both of Moyenmoutier and Bonmoutier (Galilaea, afterwards called Saint-Dié).

John of Bergamo July 11
+ c 690. Bishop of Bergamo in Italy (c 656 to c 690), he was renowned for his learning and great success in fighting Arianism.

Leontius the Younger July 11
c 510-565. A soldier who served against the Visigoths. He married and went to live in Bordeaux in France where he became bishop.

Pius I July 11
+ c 155. Pope from c 142 to c 155. He may have been a brother of Hermas, the writer of the work called The Shepherd. If so, Pius, like his brother, was born a slave. He opposed the Gnostics, notably the Gnostic Marcion. He may have been martyred.

Sabinus (Savinus) and Cyprian July 11
? Two martyrs and brothers venerated in Brescia in Italy.

Sabinus July 11
+ 5th cent. A saint venerated near Poitiers in France, said to have been a disciple of St Germanus of Auxerre. Local tradition considers him to have been a martyr.

Sidronius July 11
+ c 270. A martyr in Rome under Aurelian.

Sigisbert and Placid July 11
+ c 650 (or c 750?). Sigisbert founded the monastery of Dissentis in Switzerland. He built it on land given to him by St Placid, a wealthy landowner who joined the monastery as a monk and was later martyred for defending it.

Thurketyl (Turketil) July 11
887-975. Of Danish origin, he restored the monastery of Crowland in England, which had been destroyed by the pagan Danes. He was also abbot of the monastery at Bedford.

July 12

Ansbald July 12
+ 886. Born in Luxembourg, he became a monk at Prüm in Germany, then Abbot of Saint-Hubert in the Ardennes, and finally of Prüm in 860. His monastery was burnt down by the Vikings in 882 but he succeeded in restoring it.

Hermagoras and Fortunatus July 12
+ c 66. According to tradition, St Hermagoras was a disciple of the Apostle Mark and was consecrated first Bishop of Aquileia in Italy. After a fruitful apostolate he and his deacon Fortunatus were beheaded under Nero.

Marciana July 12
+ c 303. A virgin-martyr venerated in Toledo in Spain.

Menulphus (Menou) July 12
7th cent. Born in Ireland, he became Bishop of Quimper in Brittany.

Nabor and Felix July 12
+ c 304. Martyrs in Milan in Italy under Diocletian. Their relics were enshrined by St Ambrose nearly a century after their martyrdom.

Paternian July 12
+ c 470. Bishop of Bologna in Italy c 450-470.

Paulinus of Antioch and Companions July 12
c 67. Venerated as the first bishop and patron-saint of Lucca in Tuscany in Italy. By tradition he was born in Antioch and sent to Lucca by the Apostle Peter where he was martyred with others.

Proculus July 12
+ 542 Bishop of Bologna in Italy (540-542), martyred by the Goths.

Viventiolus July 12
+ 524. A monk at St Oyend in France who became Archbishop of Lyons. He was close to St Avitus of Vienne.

July 13

Dogfan (Doewan) July 13
5th cent. Martyred by heathen in Dyfed in Wales where a church was dedicated to him.

Eugene, Salutaris, Muritta and Companions July 13
+ 505. Eugene became Bishop of Carthage in North Africa in 481 but was soon afterwards expelled by the Arian Vandals with many of his flock, some of them mere boys. They were exiled to the desert of Tripoli, where they suffered greatly. In 488 they were allowed to return to Carthage, but Eugene was exiled again eight years later and reposed at Albi in Italy. All the above are considered to be martyrs because of their sufferings.

Julian of Le Mans Jan 27 (In the East July 13)
? 3rd cent. Venerated as the first Bishop of Le Mans in France.

Mildred of Thanet July 13
+ c 700 One of the three daughters of St Ermenburgh of Minster-in-Thanet in England. She succeeded her mother as Abbess of Thanet. Her relics were enshrined in Canterbury and part of them survive. Her life describes her as ‘ever merciful, of easy temper and tranquil’.

Turiaf (Turiav, Turiavus) July 13
+ c 750. He succeeded St Samson as Bishop of Dol in Brittany.

July 14

Felix of Como July 14
+ c 390. The first Bishop of Como in Italy. He was a friend of St Ambrose.

Idus July 14
5th cent. Baptised by St Patrick, he became Bishop of Alt-Fadha in Leinster in Ireland.

Justus July 14
? A soldier martyred in Rome

Libert July 14
+ 783. Born in Malines in Belgium, he was baptised and became a monk with St Rumoldus. Later he moved to the monastery of Saint-Trond where he was martyred by barbarians.

Marcellinus (Marchelm, Marculf) July 14
+ c 762. Born in England, he followed St Willibrord to Holland. Together with St Liafwine he preached the Gospel to the people of Over-Yssel. He reposed at Oldenzeel, but his relics were later taken to Deventer.

Optatian July 14
+ c 505. Bishop of Brescia in Italy c 451-505.

July 15

Adalard July 15
+ c 824. Called the younger, he was a monk at Corbie in France.

Apronia (Evronie) July 15
5th and 6th cent. Born near Trier in Germany, she was the sister of St Aprus (Evre), Bishop of Toul, who made her a nun. She reposed in Troyes in France.

Athanasius July 15
+ 872. Bishop of Naples in Italy, after he had ruled it for twenty years he began to suffer from the exactions of relatives, in whose hands rested the civil authority of Naples. Imprisoned, and then exiled, he reposed in Veroli and was buried at Montecassino, from where his body was transferred to Naples.

Benedict July 15
+ c 820. Bishop of Angers in the west of France.

Catulinus (Cartholinus), Januarius, Florentius, Julia and Justa July 15
? Martyrs in Carthage in North Africa.

Donald (Donivald) July 15
8th cent. A holy man who with his nine daughters, ‘the Nine Maidens’, lived as a hermit in Ogilvy in Scotland.

Edith of Polesworth July 15
+ c 925. Abbess of Polesworth in England and a sister of a King of England.

Eternus July 15
+ c 660. The ninth Bishop of Evreux in France.

Eutropius, Zosima and Bonosa July 15
+ c 273. Martyrs in Porto near Rome under Aurelian.

Felix of Pavia July 15
? A martyr in Pavia in Italy.

Haruch July 15
+ c 830. Bishop near Werden in Germany

Secundinus, Agrippinus, Maximus, Fortunatus and Martialis July 15
? 4th cent. Martyrs in Pannonia.

July 16

Domnio July 16
+ c 295. A martyr in Bergamo in Italy under Diocletian.

Generosus July 16
+ c 682. Abbot of Saint-Jouin-de-Marnes in Poitou in France.

Helier July 16
6th cent. Born in Tongres in Belgium, he lived as a hermit on Jersey in the Channel Islands and was martyred by heathen whom he was trying to convert.

Irmengard July 16
+ 866. Abbess of Buchau and then of Chiemsee in Germany.

Julia May 22 (In the East July 16)
+ 440. Born in Carthage in North Africa, she was sold into slavery by the Vandal conquerors. The ship on which she was being taken to Gaul stopped in Corsica. At that time heathen festival was being celebrated and when Julia refused to join in, she was immediately martyred by being nailed to a cross. She is the patron-saint of Corsica.

Reineldis (Raineldis, Reinaldes) and Companions July 16
+ c 680. Daughter of St Amelberg and sister of St Gudula. She was a nun at Saintes in Belgium where she was martyred together with two companions by the Huns.

Sisenandus July 16
+ 851. Born in Badajoz in Estremadura, he became a deacon in the church of St Acisclus in Cordoba in Spain. He was beheaded under Abderrahman II.

Tenenan July 16
7th cent. Probably born in Wales, he became a hermit in Brittany and eventually Bishop of Léon. His relics were enshrined in Ploabennec.

Valentine July 16
+ c 305. Bishop of Trier in Germany, or more probably Tongres in Belgium, martyred under Diocletian.

Vitalian July 16
+ 776. Bishop of Osimo in Italy.

Vitalian July 16
? Bishop of Capua in the south of Italy.

July 17

Alexis July 17 (In the East March 17)
+ early 5th cent. A saint originally distinguished by the title of ‘the man of God’. The son of a Roman senator, in order to serve God in humility, he fled from his parental home disguised as a beggar. He set sail for Edessa where after seventeen years an Icon of the Mother of God proclaimed him ‘the man of God’. He fled again and eventually returned to Rome and for years lived unrecognised as a beggar in his own home. After his repose a mysterious voice again proclaimed him ‘the man of God’.

Andrew Zorard July 17
+ c 1010. Born in Poland, he lived as a hermit on Mount Zobar in Hungary.

Cynllo July 17
5th cent. Several churches are dedicated to him in Wales.

Ennodius July 17
473-521. Magnus Felix Ennodius was a Gallo-Roman who became Bishop of Pavia in Italy. He was entrusted with two missions to Constantinople in connection with the Eutychian controversy. An Orthodox poet, his hymns are very edifying.

Fredegand (Fregaut) July 17
+ c 740. Born in Ireland, he was a disciple of St Foillan. He became a monk and Abbot of Kerkelodor near Antwerp in Belgium.

Generosus July 17
? Venerated in Tivoli in Italy, where his relics are enshrined in the Cathedral.

Kenelm July 17
+ 821. Son of King Coenwulf of Mercia in England. By tradition he was murdered in the forest of Clent and buried in Winchcombe.

Leo IV July 17
+ 855. Born in Rome, he was a monk of the monastery of San Martino and was chosen Pope of Rome in 847. He enclosed the whole Vatican city with a wall (the Leonine city) and through his prayers, the Saracens were utterly routed at Ostia.

Marcellina July 17
c 330-398. Born in Rome, she was the elder sister of St Ambrose of Milan and St Satyrus. She became a nun in 353. Her remains are enshrined in Milan.

Scillitan Martyrs July 17
+ 180. Twelve martyrs, seven men and five women, who suffered at Scillium in North Africa under Septimius Severus. Their names are: Speratus, Narzales, Cythinus, Veturius, Felix, Acyllinus, Laetantius, Januaria, Generosa, Vestina, Donata and Secunda. The official Acts of these martyrs still exist.

Theodosius July 17
+ 516. Bishop of Auxerre in France c 507-516.

Turninus July 17
8th cent. An priest from Ireland who worked with St Foillan in Holland and also near Antwerp in Belgium.

July 18

Arnulf July 18
+ c 640. A courtier of high standing in the palace of the Austrasian kings, he decided to become a monk at Lérins. His wife became a nun and Arnulf was on the point of going to Lérins when he was made Bishop of Metz (c 616). A few years before his death he finally managed to go and live as a hermit.

Edburgh (Edburga) of Bicester July 18
c 650. A daughter of the pagan King Penda, she became a nun. Her relics were later transferred from Adderbury (Edburgh’s burgh) in Oxfordshire in England to Bicester.

Frederick July 18
+ 838. Bishop of Utrecht in Holland from 820 on, he was murdered while in church in Maastricht.

Goneri July 18
6th cent. An exile from Britain to Brittany, where he lived as a hermit near Tréguier.

Gundenis July 18
+ 203. A virgin-martyred in Carthage in North Africa under Septimius Severus.

Marina July 18
? A martyr in Orense in Spain.

Maternus July 18
+ c 307. Bishop of Milan in Italy, chosen by popular acclamation in 295. He suffered a great deal during the persecution of Diocletian, but survived and reposed in peace.

Minnborinus July 18
+ 986. Born in Ireland, he became Abbot of St Martin’s in Cologne in Germany (974-986).

Philastrius July 18
+ c 387. Born in Spain, he became Bishop of Brescia in Italy at the time of the Arian troubles. He wrote a book against the Arians which still exists. His successor, St Gaudentius, praised him for his ‘modesty, quietness and gentleness towards all men’ and for his love for the poor.

Rufillus (Ruffilius) July 18
+ 382. First Bishop of Forlimpopoli in Emilia in Italy.

Symphorosa and Companions July 18
A martyr in Tivoli under Hadrian and widow of the martyr St Getulius. She is commemorated together with other martyrs: Crescens, Julian, Nemesius, Primitivus, Justin, Stracteus and Eugene.

Theneva (Thenew) Thenova, Dwynwen July 18
7th cent. The mother of St Kentigern and patron-saint of Glasgow in Scotland together with him.

July 19

Ambrose Autpertus July 19
+ c 778. Born in France, he went to Italy as an envoy and visited the monastery of St Vincent near Benevento, where he became a monk. Eventually he became abbot.

Arsenius the Great July 19
+ c 449. Surnamed also ‘the Roman’ and ‘the deacon’, being actually a Roman deacon. He was called by Theodosius the Great to Constantinople to become the tutor of Arcadius and Honorius, the Emperor’s sons (c 383). After ten years in that office (c 393) he abandoned the court and retired to the desert of Skete as a hermit. He remained a hermit for the rest of his life, living in various places in Egypt, always weeping over the feebleness of Arcadius and the foolishness of Honorius. He reposed at the rock of Tröe near Memphis.

Aurea (Aura) July 19
+ 856. Born in Cordoba in Spain and a daughter of Muslim parents, in her widowhood she became a Christian and a nun at Cuteclara, where she remained for more than twenty years. She was then denounced as a Christian by her own family and beheaded.

Felix (Felicinus) of Verona July 19
? Bishop of Verona in Italy, venerated from ancient times as a saint.

Jerome of Pavia July 19
+ 787. Bishop of Pavia in Italy 778-787.

Justa and Rufina July 19
+ 287. Two sisters in Seville in Spain, potters by trade, who suffered under Diocletian. They are venerated as the main patron-saints of Seville.

Martin of Trier July 19
+ c 210. Tenth Bishop of Trier in Germany and possibly a martyr.

Symmachus July 19
+ 514. Born in Sardinia, he became Pope of Rome in 498. Energetic and competent, despite the activities and accusations of enemies, he built many churches in Rome.

July 20

Ansegisus July 20
c 770-833. A monk at Fontenelle in France at the age of eighteen, he later restored several monasteries.

Aurelius July 20
+ 429. Bishop of Carthage in North Africa.

Elswith July 20
+ 903. Wife of King Alfred the Great, after his death she became a nun at the convent which she had founded in Winchester.

Paul of St Zoilus July 20
+ 851. A deacon in Cordoba in Spain who belonged to the monastery of St Zoilus and who was very zealous in ministering to Christians imprisoned by the Muslims. He was beheaded for the Orthodox Faith and his relics were enshrined in the church of St Zoilus.

Rheticus (Rheticius, Rhetice) July 20
+ 334. A Gallo-Roman who became Bishop of Autun in France c 310.

Severa July 20
+ c 680. Sister of St Modoald, Bishop of Trier in Germany. First Abbess of St Gemma (later Sainte-Sevère) in Villeneuve near Bourges in France.

Severa July 20
+ c 750. Abbess of the convent of Oehren in Trier in Germany.

Wulmar (Ulmar, Ulmer, Vilmarus, Volmar) July 20
+ 689. Born near Boulogne in the north of France, he became a monk and later founded the monastery of Samer near Boulogne, later called Saint-Vulmaire after him. He also founded a convent at Wierre-aux-Bois.

July 21

Arbogast July 21
+ c 678. Born in Aquitaine in France, he was a hermit in Alsace when King Dagobert II forced him to become Bishop of Strasbourg, where he showed great humility and wisdom. At his own request he was buried in the place set apart for the burial of criminals. A church was soon built over his tomb.

Claudius, Justus, Jucundinus and Companions July 21
+ 273. A group of eight martyrs who suffered with St Julia in Troyes in France under Aurelian. Their relics were enshrined in the convent of Jouarre near Meaux.

Constantine July 21
+ c 560. A disciple and the first successor of St Benedict at Montecassino in Italy.

John and Benignus July 21
+ 707. Twin brothers and monks at Moyenmoutier in France.

Julia of Troyes July 21
+ c 272. Born in Troyes in France, she was seized by soldiers of the Emperor Aurelian after his victory over the usurper Tetricus. Committed to the charge of an officer called Claudius, she converted him to Christ and both were beheaded in Troyes under the same Aurelian.

Praxedes July 21
2nd cent. The daughter of the Roman senator Pudens and sister of St Pudentiana. One of the ancient churches in Rome is dedicated to her.

Victor Alexander, Felician and Longinus July 21
+ c 290. Victor, an army officer in Marseilles in France, suffered martyrdom there with three prison-guards whom he had converted. In the fourth century St John Cassian built a monastery over their tomb which afterwards became the monastery of St Victor.

Wastrada July 21
+ c 760. Mother of St Gregory of Utrecht in Holland, she became a nun at the end of her life.

July 22

Dabius (Davius) July 22
? A priest from Ireland who preached in Scotland, where churches are dedicated to him.

Meneleus (Menele, Mauvier) July 22
+ c 720. Born in Anjou, he became a monk at Carméry in Auvergne in France. After seven years he left to restore the monastery of Ménat near Clermont.

Movean (Biteus) July 22
? A disciple of St Patrick and Abbot of Inis-Coosery in Co. Down in Ireland. He also lived in Perthshire in Scotland where he reposed as a hermit.

Pancharius July 22
+ c 356. Bishop of Besançon in France. He suffered much under the Arian Emperor Constantius.

Wandrille (Wandregisilus, Vandrille) July 22
c 600-668. Born near Verdun, he served in the king’s palace and married. After a pilgrimage to Rome his wife became a nun and he became a monk at Roumain-Moutier. Some ten years later he founded the monastery of Fontenelle in the north of France which came to have over three hundred monks.

July 23

Apollinaris July 23
1st cent. The first Bishop of Ravenna in Italy, he was tortured for the Orthodox Faith and died. The exact date is not known. His shrine is at the monastery of Classe in Ravenna.

Apollonius and Eugene July 23
? Early Roman martyrs, the former was pierced with arrows at the stake, the latter was beheaded.

John Cassian July 23
c 360-433. Probably born in what is now Romania, he became a monk in Egypt and afterwards went to Marseilles in France, where he founded the monastery of St Victor and a convent, ruling both from Lérins. His Conferences and his Institutes are still read throughout the Orthodox world. He was an ardent advocate of the Orthodox teaching on free will and opposed what later became known as Augustianism.

Liborious July 23
+ 390. Bishop of Le Mans in France from 348 to 390. He is the patron saint of Paderborn in Germany where his relics were moved in 836.

Rasyphus and Ravennus July 23
5th cent. Born in Britain, they took refuge in the north of France. They became hermits there and were martyred in Macé. Their relics are enshrined in Bayeux.

Rasyphus July 23
? A martyr venerated in Rome from early times.

Romula, Redempta and Herundo July 23
+ c 580. Three holy virgins who lived as ascetics near the church of St Mary Major in Rome.

Trophimus and Theophilus July 23
+ c 302. Martyrs beheaded in Rome under Diocletian.

Valerian July 23
+ c 460. A monk at Lérins in the south of France who became Bishop of Cimeiz. He attended the Councils of Riez (439) and Vaison (442). Some of his homilies still exist.

Vitalian Jan 27 (In the East July 23)
+ 672. Pope of Rome from 657 to 672. He was much troubled by Monothelitism. He consecrated Theodore of Tarsus as Archbishop of Canterbury in 668.

July 24

Aliprandus (Leuprandus) July 24
8th cent. Abbot of St Augustine’s in Pavia in Italy.

Christiana July 24
7th cent. By tradition she was born in England, but lived a holy life in Flanders. She is the patron saint of Termonde in Belgium.

Christina July 24
? Probably born in Rome, she was a virgin martyred near Lake Bolsena in Tuscany.

Declan July 24
5th cent. A disciple of St Colman who became bishop in the area of Ardmore in Ireland.

Dictinus July 24
+ 420. An adherent of Priscillianism, he was converted by St Ambrose and renounced his errors at the Council of Toledo (400). Soon afterwards he became Bishop of Astorga in Spain.

Godo (Gaon) July 24
+ c 690. Born in Verdun in France, he was a nephew of St Wandrille. He became a monk at Fontenelle and later founded the monastery of Oye near Sezanne-en-Brie.

Lewina July 24
5th cent. A Briton and virgin-martyr venerated in Seaford in Sussex in England.

Menefrida July 24
5th cent. Patron-saint of Tredresick in Cornwall.

Sigolena (Segoulème) July 24
+ c 769. Daughter of a noble in Aquitaine, once widowed she became a nun in the convent of Troclar on the Tarn in the south of France, where she later became abbess.

Ursicinus July 24
+ c 380. Fourth Bishop of Sens in France and an opponent of Arianism.

Victor, Stercatius and Antinogenes July 24
+ 304. By tradition three brothers martyred in Merida in Estremadura in Spain.

Vincent July 24
? A martyr in Rome outside the walls of the city on the road to Tivoli.

Wulfhad and Rufinus (Ruffin) July 24
7th century. Two princes of the royal family of Mercia in England, baptised by St Chad and then put to death by their father, unconverted, at Stone in Staffordshire.

July 25

Cucuphas (Cucufate, Cugat, Guinefort, Qoqofas) July 25
+ 304. Born in North Africa, he went to Spain and was martyred near Barcelona where the monastery of St Cugat del Valles was later founded. He is one of the most famous Spanish martyrs.

Ebrulfus (Evroult) July 25
+ c 600. Born in Beauvais in France, he became a hermit and later founded a monastery at Saint-Fuscien-aux-Bois.

Florentius and Felix July 25
+ 235. Two soldiers martyred under Maximinius the Thracian at Furcona near Aquila in the south of Italy. They belong to a group of eighty-three soldiers commemorated on July 24.

Glodesind July 25
+ c 608. She was betrothed to a courtier who was arrested on their wedding day and afterwards executed. She became a nun in Metz in France, where she later became abbess.

James the Greater July 25 (October 9 in the East)
+ 44. The son of Zebedee and brother of St John the Evangelist, he was one of the Twelve and the first to be martyred (Acts 12, 2) under King Herod Agrippa. By tradition he travelled as far as Spain and certainly relics of the Apostle were later enshrined in Compostella. Owing to this apostolic link, it became the most important places of pilgrimage in the West after Rome. St James is the patron-saint of Spain.

Magnericus July 25
+ 596. Bishop of Trier in Germany (c 566). He was a close friend of St Gregory of Tours and one of the most illustrious bishops of his time.

Nissen July 25
5th cent. A convert of St Patrick of Ireland, he became Abbot of Montgarth (Mountgarret) in Wexford.

Theodemir July 25
+ 851. A monk martyred in Cordoba in Spain under Abderrahman II.

July 26

Pastor July 26
+ c 160. A priest in Rome and by tradition the brother of Pope Pius I.

Simeon of Padolirone July 26
+ 1016. An Armenian hermit, he went on pilgrimage to Jerusalem, Rome, Compostella and Tours. He was renowned for the miracles he worked on these journeys. Finally he settled at the monastery of Padolirone near Padua in Italy.

Symphronius, Olympius, Theodulus and Exuperia July 26
+ 257. Symphronius was a Roman slave who brought about the conversion of the tribune Olympius, the latter’s wife Exuperia and their son Theodulus. They were all burnt to death under Valerian.

Valens July 26
+ 531. Bishop of Verona in Italy from 524 to 531.

July 27

Ecclesius July 27
+ 532. Bishop of Ravenna in Italy from 52l till 532. He began building San Vitale, where there is still a mosaic of him.

Etherius July 27
+ 573. Bishop of Auxerre in France.

George, Aurelius and Natalia, Felix and Liliosa July 27
+ c 852. Martyrs in Cordoba in Spain under the Caliph Abderrahman II. Aurelius and Felix, with their wives, Natalia and Liliosa, were Spaniards; but the deacon George was a monk from Palestine, who, though offered pardon as a foreigner, chose martyrdom for Christ with the others.

Maurus, Pantaleimon and Sergius July 27
+ c 117? Three martyrs venerated in Bisceglia on the Adriatic in Italy. Maurus is said to have been born in Bethlehem, sent by the Apostle Peter to be the first Bishop of Bisceglia. They were martyred under Trajan,

July 28

Arduinus (Ardwyne) July 28
7th cent. He is the patron-saint of Trepino in the south of Italy. According to some he was one of four English pilgrims who reposed in this region in the seventh century.

Camelian July 28
+ c 525. Successor of St Lupus as Bishop of Troyes in France from 478 to c 525.

Innocent I July 28
+ 417. Born in Albano near Rome, St Innocent was Pope from 402 till 417. The outstanding event of his life was the sack of Rome by the Goths under Alaric in 410. He also led the condemnation of Pelagianism.

Lucidus July 28
+ ? 938. A monk of St Peter’s near Aquara in the south of Italy.

Lyutius July 28
+ c 1038. A monk at Montecassino who died as a hermit at La Cava in Italy.

Nazarius and Celsus July 28
+ c ? 68. Martyrs in Milan in Italy under Nero.

Peregrinus July 28
2nd cent. (?) A priest near Lyons in France at the time of St Irenaeus and during the persecution under Severus. He lived as a hermit on an island in the River Saône.

Samson (Sampson) July 28
c 490-c 565. Born in Wales, he became a disciple of St Illtyd at Llantwit Major and then for a time was monk and abbot of the monastery on Caldey Island. He left Caldey and visited Ireland. Then he went to Cornwall and was consecrated bishop by St Dubricius. Finally he crossed to Brittany and spent the rest of his life enlightening that country, basing himself at Dol. He was one of the greatest missionaries of his century.

Victor I July 28
+ 198. Born in North Africa, he was Pope of Rome for ten years (189-198).

July 29

Faustinus July 29
4th cent. A disciple of St Felix, Bishop of Martano near Spoleto in Italy, he was present at his martyrdom. St Faustinus suffered for Christ before reposing peacefully in Todi in Umbria.

Kilian July 29
7th cent. An abbot of a monastery on the island of Inishcaltra in Ireland and author of a Life of St Brigid.

Lupus of Troyes July 29
384-478. Born in Toul in France, he married the sister of St Hilary. After seven years, husband and wife separated by mutual consent, Lupus becoming a monk at Lérins. In 426 he became Bishop of Troyes. He accompanied St Germanus of Auxerre to Britain to oppose Pelagianism. In 453 he succeeded in saving Troyes from Attila. He reposed at the age of ninety-four.

Olav of Norway (Olaf, Tola) July 29
995-1030. Son of King Harald of Norway. His early youth was spent as a pirate but in 1010 he was baptised in Rouen in France and in 1013 he helped Ethelred of England against the Danes. In 1015 he succeeded to the throne of Norway and at once called missionaries, mainly from England, to enlighten his homeland. He succeeded in part but was driven from his kingdom. In an attempt to recover it, he fell in battle at Stiklestad. In Norway he is regarded as the champion of national independence.

Prosper of Orleans July 29
+ c 453. Bishop of Orleans in France.

Serapia July 29
+ 119. A slave of Syrian descent who was beheaded in Rome under Hadrian.

Silin (Sulian) July 29
6th cent. Born in Brittany, he founded a small monastery in Luxulyan in Cornwall.

Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrix July 29
+ c 303. By tradition, two brothers and their sister martyred in Rome under Diocletian.

July 30

Abdon and Sennen July 30
3rd or 4th cent. Persian nobles brought to Rome as prisoners, they devoted themselves to looking after imprisoned Christians and burying the relics of the martyrs.

Ermengyth July 30
+ c 680. A sister of St Ermenburgh. She lived as a nun at Minster-in-Thanet in England.

Maxima, Donatilla and Secunda July 30
+ 304. Three holy virgins (Secunda was aged twelve), martyred in Tebourba in North Africa under Diocletian.

Olav of Sweden July 30
+ c 950. King of Sweden, martyred by the heathen for refusing to sacrifice to idols at the spot where Stockholm now stands.

Peter Chrysologus July 30
c 406-c 450. Born in Imola in Italy, he became deacon there, and then archdeacon and Archbishop of Ravenna (c 433). He is famed for his eloquence in preaching, thus the name Chrysologus, ‘Golden Speech’. Many of his sermons still exist.

Rufinus July 30
? A martyr in one of the early persecutions in Assisi in Italy.

Tatwine July 30
+ 734. A monk at Breedon in Mercia in England who was famed for his piety and learning. He succeeded St Brithwald, becoming the tenth Archbishop of Canterbury

Ursus July 30
+ 508. A hermit at the church of St Amator in Auxerre in France, he was made bishop of that city when he was aged seventy-five.

July 31

Calimerius July 31
+ c 190. A Greek who became Bishop of Milan in Italy. He is the Apostle of the Po Valley. He was martyred under Commodus by being thrown into a well. He is buried under the altar of his church in Milan.

Fabius July 31
+ 300. A soldier beheaded in Caesarea in Mauretania in North Africa under Diocletian for refusing to carry a standard bearing idolatrous emblems.

Firmus of Tagaste July 31
? Bishop of Tagaste in North Africa, he was tortured and endured terrible sufferings rather than betray the hiding-place of one of his flock.

Germanus of Auxerre July 31
c 378-448. Born in Auxerre in France, he governed part of Gaul. In 418 he became Bishop of Auxerre. He came to Britain twice (in 429 and 447), where he succeeded in stamping out Pelagianism. He reposed in Ravenna in Italy.

Neot July 31
c 880. According to tradition he was a monk at Glastonbury in England, who became a hermit in Cornwall at the place now called Saint Neot. Some relics were later taken to the town now called St Neots in Cambridgeshire.

August 1

Almedha (Eled, Elevetha) Aug 1
6th cent. Tradition says that she suffered martyrdom on a hill near Brecon in Wales.

Arcadius Aug 1
+ c 549. Bishop of Bourges in France, he took part in the Council of Orleans in 538.

Bonus, Faustus, Maurus and Companions Aug 1
+ ? Bonus, a priest, with Faustus, Maurus and nine companions, was martyred in Rome under Valerian.

Ethelwold Aug 1
912-984. Born in Winchester in England and already a monk and priest, in 955 he became Abbot of Abingdon and in 963 Bishop of Winchester. Together with St Dunstan and St Oswald of York he led the monastic revival of the age, restoring the monasteries of Newminster, Milton Abbas, Chertsey, Peterborough, Thorney and Ely to monastic life after occupation by married clergy. For this reason, he was called ‘The Father of Monks’. The Winchester School of Illumination flourished under him, as did developments in music and liturgy.

Exuperius (Soupire, Spire) Aug 1
? 4th cent. Bishop of Bayeux in France, he is honoured in Corbeil.

Faith, Hope and Charity Aug 1 (In the East Sept 17)
c 137. The three girls, aged respectively twelve, ten and nine years, daughters of St Sophia who were martyred in Rome under Hadrian.

Friard and Secundel Aug 1
+ c 577. Hermits on the Isle of Vindomitte near Nantes in France.

Jonatus Aug 1
+ c 690. A monk at Elnone in Belgium. He was Abbot of Marchiennes (c 643-652) and then of Elnone (c 652-659).

Justin Aug 1
+ c 290. A child-martyr venerated in Louvre near Paris in France.

Kenneth (Kined) Aug 1
6th cent. A hermit who made his cell among the rocks in the Gower peninsula in Wales at a place later called Llangenydd after him.

Leus (Leo) Aug 1
4th cent. A priest whose relics were honoured in Viguenza in Italy.

Mary the Consoler Aug 1
8th cent. The sister of St Anno, Bishop of Verona in Italy.

Nemesius Aug 1
? A saint venerated near Lisieux in France.

Peregrinus Aug 1
+ 643. A pilgrim from Ireland who returning from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land settled as a hermit near Modena in Italy.

Rioch Aug 1
+ c 480. A nephew of St Patrick and Abbot of Innisboffin in Ireland.

Secundel Aug 1
6th cent. A hermit who lived near St Friard near Nantes in France.

Severus Aug 1
+ c 500. A priest of noble family, famous for his charity, he has been honoured from time immemorial in the village that bears his name, St Sever de Rustan in Bigorre in south-west France.

Verus Aug 1
+ c 314. Bishop of Vienne in France. He attended the Council of Arles in 314.

August 2

Auspicius Aug 2
? At some time before the 4th century he became the first Bishop of Apt in France.

Betharius Aug 2
+ c 623. Bishop of Chartres in France from 595. He was present at the Council of Sens.

Boetharius Aug 2
7th cent. Bishop of Chartres in France (c 595).

Etheldritha (Alfreda) Aug 2
+ c 835. Daughter of King Offa of Mercia. She lived as an anchoress at Crowland in Lincolnshire in England after the murder of her betrothed, St Ethelbert.

Eusebius of Vercelli Aug 2
c 283-371. Born in Sardinia, in 340, he became Bishop of Vercelli in Piedmont in Italy. He fought Arianism and was exiled to the East. Before returning to Italy he visited St Athanasius in Alexandria. He reposed in peace in Vercelli in 371, although he has been called a martyr on account of his sufferings.

Maximus of Padua Aug 2
2nd cent. Successor of St Prosdocimus as Bishop of Padua in Italy.

Plegmund Aug 2
+ 923. The tutor of King Alfred and twentieth Archbishop of Canterbury. Born in Cheshire (his hermitage at Plemstall, Plegmundstow, was named after him). He restored the Church in England after the Danish attacks and was a notable scholar.

Rutilius Aug 2
+ 250. Born in North Africa. During the persecution of Decius he fled from place to place, but he was finally arrested, bravely confessed Christ and was martyred.

Sidwell (Sativola) Aug 2
? A Briton from the West of England near Exeter. She was beheaded as a martyr, probably by a scythe.

Stephen I Aug 2
+ 257. He became Bishop of Rome in 254. Tradition says that he was beheaded during the celebration of the Eucharist in the catacombs, but the earliest liturgical documents present him as a bishop and confessor.

August 3

Aspren (Aspronas) Aug 3
1st cent. The tradition concerning this saint, dating from time immemorial, was recorded as follows: ‘In Naples in Campania, the repose of St Aspren the bishop, who was healed of infirmity by St Peter the Apostle and was then baptised and consecrated bishop there’.

Benno Aug 3
+ 940. Born in Swabia in Germany, he became a hermit on Mt Etzel in Switzerland, St Meinrad’s former hermitage. He lived there with a few disciples, so founding the monastery of Einsiedeln. In 927 he became Bishop of Metz in France. Striving to overcome abuses, he was attacked and blinded by enemies of Christ. He resigned and returned to Einsiedeln.

Euphronius Aug 3
+ c 475. Bishop of Autun in France and a friend of St Lupus of Troyes.

Faustus Aug 3
5th cent. Faustus, the son of St Dalmatius of Pavia in Italy, lived the life of a holy monk.

Gregory of Nonantula Aug 3
+ 933. Abbot of Nonantula near Modena in Italy.

Senach (Snach) Aug 3
6th cent. A disciple of St Finian and his successor in Clonard in Ireland.

Trea Aug 3
5th cent. Converted to Orthodoxy by St Patrick, she spent the rest of her life as an anchoress in Ardtree in Derry in Ireland.

August 4

Agabius Aug 4
c 250. An early Bishop of Verona in Italy.

Epiphanes and Isidore Aug 4
? Two early martyrs, venerated at the Cathedral of Besançon in France until the French Revolution.

Euphronius Aug 4
530-573. Bishop of Tours in France. He worked hard to rebuild Tours after it had been burnt down.

Lua (Lugid, Molua) Aug 4
554-609? Originally from Limerick in Ireland, he became a disciple of St Comgall and founded many monasteries. A great ascetic, he was of great tenderness to both man and beast.

Peregrinus, Maceratus and Viventius Aug 4
6th cent. By tradition they were two Christian brothers who came from Spain and died in France, seeking to rescue their enslaved sister.

Perpetua Aug 4
+ c 80. A matron from Rome baptised by the Apostle Peter who converted her husband and her son, St Nazarius. Her relics are enshrined in Milan and Cremona in Italy.

Protasius Aug 4
? A martyr honoured in Cologne in Germany.

Sezni Aug 4
+ c 529. Born in Britain, he went to Guic-Sezni in Brittany, where he founded a monastery and where his relics were venerated. He is the patron saint of Sithney in Cornwall.

Tertullinus Aug 4
+ 257. A priest, martyred in Rome under Valerian two days after his ordination.

August 5

Abel Aug 5
+ c 751 Probably born in Ireland, he became Archbishop of Rheims in France. As his Cathedral was occupied by an intruder, he went to live at the monastery of Lobbes in Belgium.

Afra Aug 5
+ c 304. A martyr who suffered in Augsburg in Germany, probably under Diocletian. She was venerated there from early times and the monastery of that city was dedicated to her.

Antherus Jan 3 (In the East Aug 5)
+ 236. A Greek who was Pope of Rome for only a few weeks. He may have been martyred and was buried in the catacomb of St Callistus, the first Pope to be so.

Cassian of Autun Aug 5
+ c 350. Bishop of Autun in France, 314-350, he succeeded St Reticius and was famous for his miracles.

Emygdius (Emidius) Aug 5
+ c 303. A saint whose relics were venerated in Ascoli in Italy.

Fabian Jan 20 (In the East Aug 5)
+ 250. Fabian succeeded St Antherus as Pope of Rome in 236 and was martyred in 250 under Decius. St Cyprian described him as an ‘incomparable man’ and added that the glory of his death matched the purity and goodness of his life.

Gormcal Aug 5
+ 1016. Abbot of Ardoilen in Galway in Ireland.

Memmius (Menge, Meinge) Aug 5
+ c 300. Founder and first Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne in France and Apostle of the region.

Oswald Aug 5
604-642. The successor of St Edwin on the throne of Northumbria in England, he was baptised in exile on Iona. In 635 he defeated the Welsh King Cadwalla and so his real reign began. One of his main aims was to enlighten his country and so he called on St Aidan to help him. In 642 he fell in battle at Maserfield fighting against the champion of paganism, Penda of Mercia. He has always been venerated as a martyr and his head is still in St Cuthbert’s coffin in Durham.

Paris Aug 5
+ 346. Bishop of Teano near Naples in Italy.

Rome (Martyrs of) Aug 5
+ 303. Twenty-three martyrs on the Salarian Way in Rome under Diocletian.

Theodoric Aug 5
+ 863. Bishop of Cambrai-Arras in the north of France c 830-863.

Venantius Aug 5
+ 544. The most famous of the ancient bishops of Viviers in France.

August 6

Gezelin (Ghislain, Gisle, Joscelin) Aug 6
? A hermit honoured in Slebusrode near Cologne in Germany.

Hardulf Aug 6
7th cent. A hermit at Breedon in Leicestershire in England where the church is dedicated to him.

Hormisdas Aug 6
+ 523. Born in Frosinone in Latium in Italy, he succeeded St Symmachus as Pope of Rome in 514. He is best remembered for the confession of Faith called the Formula of Hormisdas, which helped end Monophysitism. His son, St Silverius, became Pope of Rome in 536.

Justus and Pastor Aug 6
+ c 304. Two brothers, aged respectively thirteen and nine, who were scourged and beheaded at Alcalá in Spain under Diocletian.

Stephen of Cardeña and Companions Aug 6
+ 872. Abbot of the Castilian monastery of Cardeña near Burgos in Spain where there were over two hundred monks. By tradition the Abbot and the monks were martyred by the Saracens.

August 7

Carpophorus, Exanthus, Cassius, Severinus, Secundus and Licinius Aug 7
+ c 295. Soldiers martyred in Como in the north of Italy under Maximian Herculius.

Donat (Dunwyd) Aug 7
? The patron saint of St Donat’s or Llandunwyd in Glamorgan in Wales

Donatian Aug 7
? 4th cent. Second Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne in France.

Donatus and Hilarinus Aug 7
4th cent. St Donatus was the second Bishop of Arezzo in Italy. St Hilarinus was a martyr in Ostia.

Donatus Aug 7
+ c 660. A monk at Luxeuil in France, he became Bishop of Besançon in 624. He did much to encourage monasticism and founded a monastery dedicated to St Paul in Besançon.

Faustus Aug 7
+ c 190. A soldier martyred in Milan in Italy under Commodus.

Peter, Julian (Juliana) and Companions Aug 7
+ c 260. A group of twenty or more martyrs in Rome under Valerian and Gallienus.

Sixtus II (Xystus) Aug 7 (in the East Aug 10)
+ 258. Born in Athens in Greece, this Pope was martyred. While celebrating the liturgy in the catacomb of Praetextatus in Rome, he was arrested together with his deacons Felicissimus, Agapitus, Januarius, Magnus, Vincent and Stephen. All of them were martyred and later the seventh deacon St Laurence followed them.

Victricius Aug 7
+ 407. An army officer who retired because he found military service incompatible with the Faith. He was sentenced to death, but the sentence was not carried out. He became a missionary in the north of France and later as Bishop of Rouen (380) was one of the leading pastors in Gaul.

August 8

Cyriacus, Largus, Smaragdus and Companions Aug 8
+ 304. A group of twenty-four martyrs who suffered in Rome under Diocletian. At their head was St Cyriacus, a deacon. They were buried near the seventh milestone on the Ostian Way.

Ellidius (Illog) Aug 8
7th cent. Patron-saint of Hirnant in Powys in Wales and of a church in the Scilly Isles.

Gedeon Aug 8
+ 796. The thirteenth Bishop of Besançon in France (790-796).

Leobald (Leodebod) Aug 8
+ 650. Founder of Fleury, later called Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire, near Orleans in France.

Mummolus (Mommolus, Mommolenus) Aug 8
+ c 678. Second Abbot of Fleury in France. He had relics of Sts Benedict and Scholastica brought from Italy and so Fleury came to be known as Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire.

Rathard Aug 8
+ 815. A noble who became a priest and founded the monastery of Diessen in Germany

Severus Aug 8
+ c 445. A priest who came from far away to enlighten the area around Vienne in France.

Sigrada Aug 8
+ c 678. Mother of Sts Leodegarius and Warinus, as a widow she became a nun at the convent in Soissons in France. She reposed shortly after the martyrdom of her sons.

Ternatius (Terniscus) Aug 8
+ c 680. Eleventh Bishop of Besançon in the east of France.

Ultan Aug 8
8th cent. Born in Ireland, he was a priest at the monastery of St Peter in Crayke in Yorkshire in England. He excelled in the art of illumination.

August 9

Amor (Amour) Aug 9
? Venerated in Franche-Comté in France together with St Viator. Their relics are enshrined at Saint-Amour in Burgundy.

Autor (Adinctor, Auteur) Aug 9
5th cent. The thirteenth Bishop of Metz in France. In 830 his relics were translated to the monastery of Marmoutier.

Bandaridus (Banderik, Bandery) Aug 9
+ 566. Bishop of Soissons in France from 540 to 566 and founder of a monastery at Crépin. He was exiled and worked as a gardener for seven years, without making himself known. At length he was discovered and recalled.

Domitian of Châlons Aug 9
4th cent. ? The third Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne in France and successor of St Donatian.

Firmus and Rusticus Aug 9
+ c 290. Two relatives, probably citizens of Bergamo in the north of Italy, honoured in Verona under Maximian.

Nathy (David) Aug 9
+ c 610. Disciple of St Finian of Clonard. He became the founder and abbot of a monastery at Achonry in Sligo in Ireland where he was venerated as the patron saint.

Numidicus and Companions Aug 9
+ 251. A group of martyrs burnt at the stake at Carthage in North Africa under Decius. Numidicus was dragged still breathing out of the ashes of the funeral pyre and was ordained priest by St Cyprian.

Phelim Aug 9
6th cent. A disciple of St Columba. The town of Kilmore in Ireland grew up around his cell and he is the main patron-saint there.

Romanus Ostiarius Aug 9
+ 258. An early martyr in Rome.

Rusticus Aug 9
? 4th cent. A martyr at Sirmium in Pannonia.

Secundian, Marcellian and Verian Aug 9
+ 250. Martyrs who suffered near Civitavecchia in Italy under Decius. Secundian seems to have been a prominent official.

Serenus Aug 9
+ 606. Bishop of Marseilles in France.

August 10

Agilberta (Aguilberta, Gilberta) Aug 10
+ c 680. Second Abbess of Jouarre, elected in about 660. She was a relative of St Ebrigisil, of St Ado, founder of Jouarre, and of St Agilbert, Bishop of Paris.

Aredius (Arige, Aregius) Aug 10
+ c. 614. An outstanding Archbishop of Lyons in France.

Asteria (Hesteria) Aug 10
+ c 307. A martyr venerated in Bergamo in Lombardy in Italy. She was a sister of St Grata and both were associated in the burial of the holy martyr Alexander.

Bassa, Paula and Agathonica Aug 10
? Three holy virgins martyred in Carthage in North Africa.

Bettelin (Bertram) Aug 10
8th cent.? Patron of Stafford in England, the base of his shrine still exists at Ilam.

Blane (Blaan, Blain) Aug 10
6th cent. A disciple of Sts Comgall and Canice in Ireland, he was a bishop in Scotland and was buried at Dunblane which was named after him.

Deusdedit Aug 10
6th cent. A poor shoemaker in Rome and a contemporary of St Gregory the Great, who relates that he gave away to the poor every Saturday all that he had earned at his trade during the week.

Gerontius (Geraint) Aug 10
+ ? 508. A Briton who was King of Damnonia (Devon), now in England. He fell in battle against the pagan Saxons.

Laurence of Rome Aug 10
+ 258. St Laurence was one of the deacons of Pope Sixtus II and was martyred three days after the Pope by being roasted on a gridiron. He has always been venerated as one of the most celebrated martyrs of Rome. His martyrdom, said Prudentius, was the death of idolatry in Rome. He was buried on the Via Tiburtina, where his basilica now stands.

Rome (Martyrs of) Aug 10
+ 274. One hundred and sixty-five martyrs martyred in Rome under Aurelian.

Sixtus II (Xystus) Aug 7 (in the East Aug 10)
+ 258. Born in Athens in Greece, this Pope was martyred. While celebrating the liturgy in the catacomb of Praetextatus in Rome, he was arrested together with his deacons Felicissimus, Agapitus, Januarius, Magnus, Vincent and Stephen. All of them were martyred and later the seventh deacon St Laurence followed them.

Thiento and Companions Aug 10
+ 955. Abbot of Wessobrunn in Bavaria in Germany, he was martyred with six of his monks by invading Hungarians.

August 11

Philomena, July 8 & Aug 11

+ 302. St Philomena was a princess from Corfu Island, Greece. She martyred in Rome.

Attracta (Athracht) Aug 11 

5th cent. A contemporary of St Patrick in Ireland. She lived as an anchoress, first in Killaraght on Lough Gara and then in Drum near Boyle. Both eventually grew into convents. She was venerated throughout Ireland.

Chromatius Aug 11
3rd cent. The prefect of Rome and father of St Tiburtius the martyr.

Digna Aug 11
4th cent. A holy virgin in Todi in Umbria in Italy, who lived as an anchoress in the mountains nearby during the persecution of Diodetian.

Equitius Aug 11
+ c 540. He founded a number of monasteries in the province of Valeria in Italy.

Gaius Apr 22 (In the East Aug 11)
+ 296. Born in Dalmatia, he became Pope of Rome and was martyred with members of his family.

Gaugericus (Gau, Géry) Aug 11
+ c 625. Gaugericus was born near Trier in Germany, ordained priest and later became Bishop of Cambrai and Arras in France for over thirty-nine years.

Lelia Aug 11
? A holy virgin connected with Limerick and Kerry. Several places in Ireland are named after her.

Rufinus and Companions Aug 11
? An early bishop, martyred with companions in Italy.

Susanna Aug 11
+ 295. A martyr in Rome to whom the Roman church of St Susanna is dedicated.

Taurinus Aug 11
+ c 412. Bishop of Evreux in France.

Tiburtius Aug 11
+ c 288. A martyr in Rome. He was later connected with the soldier-martyr St Sebastian and was entombed at the Via Lavicana.

August 12

Cassian of Benevento Aug 12
+ c 340. Bishop of Benevento in the south of Italy. His relics are enshrined in the church of St Mary there.

Euplus Aug 12
+ 304. Living in Catania in Sicily, he was found with a copy of the Gospels, which was against Diocletian’s edict. He was cruelly racked and martyred.

Eusebius of Milan Aug 12
+ 465. A Greek by birth, he was Bishop of Milan in Italy for sixteen years. He opposed Eutychianism.

Gracilian and Felicissima Aug 12
+ c 304. While in prison awaiting martyrdom, Gracilian, from Faleria in Tuscany in Italy, restored the sight of the blind girl Felicissima and converted her to Christ. They were beheaded on the same day.

Herculanus of Brescia Aug 12
+ c 550. Bishop of Brescia in Italy.

Hilaria, Digna, Euprepia, Eunomia, Quiriacus, Largio, Crescentian, Nimmia, Juliana and Companions Aug 12
+ c 304. Hilaria was by tradition the mother of St Afra of Augsburg in Germany. She and her three maids were seized while visiting the tomb of St Afra and burnt alive. The others (Quiriacus etc, twenty-five in all) were martyrs in Rome buried on the Ostian Way.

Janbert Aug 12
+ 792 Abbot of St Augustine’s, he succeeded St Bregwine as fourteenth Archbishop of Canterbury in England in 765.

Merewenna Aug 12
? The local saint of Marhamchurch near Bude in Cornwall.

Porcarius and 500 Companions Aug 12
+ c 732. Porcarius was Abbot of Lérins, off the coast of Provence in France. The whole monastery of five hundred monks – except the youngest members whom the abbot had sent away to safety – were massacred by the Saracens.

Ust (Justus) Aug 12
? The town of St Just, a few miles from Penzance in Cornwall, is named after this hermit.

August 13

Cassian of Imola Aug 13
250 ? A martyr who refused to worship idols and suffered a slow death in Imola in Italy.

Cassian of Todi Aug 13
4th cent. Converted by St Pontian, Bishop of Todi in central Italy, he was his successor. He was martyred under Maximian Herculeus.

Centolla and Helen Aug 13
+ ? c 304. Two virgin-martyrs near Burgos in Spain.

Herulph Aug 13
+ 785. He became a monk at St Gall in Switzerland, then founded the monastery of Ellwangen (764) near Augsberg in Germany. Later he became Bishop of Langres in France.

Hippolytus, Concordia and Companions Aug 13
+ c 235. Hippolytus was born in Rome where he became a priest, known for his excessive strictness. He was exiled to Sardinia but was reconciled to the Church before his martyrdom. He is one of the most important Church writers of his time.

Junian Aug 13
+ 587. Founder of the monastery of Mairé in Poitou in France and later a hermit in Chaulnay.

Ludolf Aug 13
+ 983. Abbot of New Corvey in Westphalia in Germany from 971 to 983.

Murtagh (Muredach) Aug 13
6th cent.? By tradition a disciple of St Patrick, who consecrated him first Bishop of Killala in Ireland. He ended his life as a hermit on the island of Innismurray.

Pontian Aug 13
+ 235. He succeeded St Urban I as Pope of Rome in 230. He was exiled by the Emperor Maximinus Thrax to Sardinia in c 235, where he died from ill-treatment.

Radegund Aug 13
518-587. Daughter of a pagan, she was married by force to the Frankish King Clotaire I. However, she became a nun and founded the convent of the Holy Cross at Poitiers in France where she spent the last thirty years of her life.

Wigbert Aug 13
+ c 738. Born in England, he became a monk and went to Germany. St. Boniface appointed him Abbot of Fritzlar and a few years later he Abbot of Ohrdruf in Thuringia.

August 14

Anastasius Aug 14
Early 11th cent. Abbot (996-1006) of Pannonhalma in Hungary and then second Archbishop of Eszterzom and primate of Hungary.

Eberhard of Einsiedeln Aug 14
+ 958. Born in Swabia in Germany, he became a monk and then the first Abbot of Einsiedeln in Switzerland.

Eusebius Aug 14
4th cent. A priest in Rome who founded the ‘church’ called the titulis Eusebii after him.

Fachanan Aug 14
+ late 6th cent. Probably the first Bishop of Ross in Ireland.

Werenfrid Aug 14
+ c 760. Born in England, he worked with St Willibrord among the Frisians in Holland.

August 15

Alipius (Alypius) Aug 15
+ c 430. A disciple and lifelong friend of Blessed Augustine, he was also baptised in Milan on Easter Eve 387. On his return to Africa he lived as a hermit. St Alipius then visited Palestine and in about 393 he became Bishop of Tagaste in North Africa.

Altfrid Aug 15
+ 874. A monk at Corvey in Germany, in 851 he became Bishop of Hildesheim. He was known as a fosterer of peace and goodwill and was devoted to the Mother of God.

Arduinus Aug 15
+ 1009. A priest in Rimini in Italy who lived as a hermit and ended his days in the monastery of San Gudenzio.

Tarsicius Aug 15
3rd-4th cent. Tarsicius was seized by a heathen mob and preferred to die rather than expose the sacred mysteries to profanation.

August 16

Ambrose Aug 16
+ c 303. A centurion put to death under Diocletian in Ferentino in central Italy.

Armagillus (Armel) Aug 16
+ c 550. Born in the south of Wales, he was a cousin of St Samson. A church in Cornwall was dedicated to him – St Erme. He went to Brittany and founded Saint-Armel-des-Boscheaux and Plou-Ermel (Ploermel).

Eleutherius Aug 16
+ 561. Bishop of Auxerre in France 532-561.

Simplician Aug 16
+ 400. A friend and advisor of St Ambrose, whom he succeeded as Bishop of Milan in Italy.

Stephen of Hungary Aug 16
+ c 935-1038. On the death of his father, Geza (997), Stephen became King of Hungary. He had married Gisela, a sister of the Emperor Henry II in 995, and they set about enlightening their people. Stephen gradually welded the Magyars into national unity. He organised dioceses and founded monasteries (among them Pannonhalma, which still exists). The declining years of St Stephen were darkened by many misfortunes and difficulties, though he never ceased to be just, kind and merciful. To this day the Magyars consider him their greatest national saint and hero.

Titus Aug 16
+ c 410 A deacon martyred during the sack of Rome by the Goths while he was distributing alms to the half-starved population.

August 17

Amor (Amator, Amour) Aug 17
8th cent. Companion of St Pirmin in preaching Christ in Germany. Founder of the monastery of Amorbach in Franconia.

Anastasius Aug 17
+ c 553. Bishop of Terni in Italy.

Benedicta and Cecilia Aug 17
10th cent. These two daughters of the King of Lorraine became nuns and successively Abbesses of Susteren in the Rhineland in Germany.

Carloman Aug 17
707-755. The eldest son of Charles Martel, he became King of Austrasia after his father died. He encouraged the foundation of monasteries at Fulda in Germany and Lobbes and Stavelot in Belgium. He also helped St Boniface in the task of enlightenment. On St Boniface’s advice, he left his kingdom to his brother and became a monk on Mt Soracte and then at Montecassino in Italy. Here he was employed in the kitchen and as a shepherd. He reposed at a monastery in Vienne in France.

Drithelm Aug 17
+ c 700. Terrified by a vision recorded by St Bede the Venerable, he became a monk at Melrose in Scotland. He lived a life of great asceticism there.

Eusebius Aug 17
+ 310. A Greek by birth, he reposed in exile in Sicily.

Hiero (Iero) Aug 17
+ 885. Born in Ireland, he preached in Holland where he was martyred.

James the Deacon Aug 17
7th cent. A deacon from Italy and companion of St Paulinus in his mission to Northumbria in England where he remained faithful despite the pagan reaction after St Edwin.

Liberatus, Boniface, Servus, Rusticus, Rogatus, Septimus and Maximus Aug 17
+ 483. Liberatus was abbot of a monastery in North Africa, the others were monks: Boniface, a deacon, Servus and Rusticus, sub-deacons, Rogatus and Septimus, monks, and Maximus, a child educated in the monastery. All were martyred under the Arian King Hunneric.

Theodulus (Theodore) of Grammont Aug 17
4th cent? An early Bishop of Valais who was much revered in Switzerland and Savoy.

August 18

Agapitus Aug 18
+ c 274. A fifteen year old who bravely confessed Christ and was martyred in Palestrina near Rome. He is the patron-saint of Palestrina, where as early as the fifth century a church was dedicated to him.

Daig Maccairill (Dagaeus, Daganus) Aug 18
+ 586. A disciple of St Finian, he founded a monastery at Inis Cain Dega (Iniskeen) in Ireland. He was both abbot and bishop.

Evan (Inan) Aug 18
9th cent. A hermit in Ayrshire in Scotland, where churches are dedicated to him.

Firminus of Metz Aug 18
+ 496. Greek or Italian by origin, he was Bishop of Metz in France for eight years.

Florus, Laurus, Proculus and Maximus Aug 18
2nd cent. The former were twin brothers and stonemasons in Illyria. Proculus and Maximus were their employers. They handed over a temple on which they had been working to Christian worship and as a punishment were drowned in a well.

Hermas, Serapion and Polyaenus Aug 18
? Martyrs in Rome who were dragged by their feet over rough ground until they died.

John and Crispus Aug 18
? By tradition they were priests in Rome who devoted themselves to recovering and burying the bodies of the martyrs, for which they themselves suffered martyrdom.

Milo Aug 18
+ c 740. Milo became a monk together with his father at Fontenelle in France and later a hermit.

August 19

Badulf (Badour, Badolf) Aug 19
+ c 850. A monk and Abbot of Ainay near Lyons in France.

Bertulf Aug 19
+ 640. He became a monk at Luxeuil in France, then went to Bobbio in Italy where he became abbot on the repose of St Attalas.

Calminius (Calmilius) Aug 19
+ c 690. A hermit who founded the monasteries of Villars and Mauzac near Riom in France.

Credan Aug 19
+ c 780. Eighth Abbot of Evesham in England.

Donatus Aug 19
+ c 535. Born in Orleans in France, he lived as a hermit on Mt Jura near Sisteron in Provence.

Elaphius Aug 19
+ 580. Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne in France. He was sent as an envoy to Spain and wished to venerate the relics of St Eulalia at Merida but reposed before he reached his destination.

Guenninus Aug 19
7th cent. Bishop of Vannes in Brittany. His relics are enshrined in the Cathedral there.

Julius Aug 19
+ c 190. An early martyr in Rome.

Magnus Aug 19
+ 660. Born in Avignon in France, he was appointed governor of the town. After his wife’s death he joined the monks of Lérins, where his son St Agricola had preceded him and where he became bishop.

Marianus Aug 19
+ c 515. A hermit in the forest of Entreaigues in Berry in France. His life was written by St Gregory of Tours.

Marinus Aug 19
c 800. A bishop at the monastery of St Peter in Besalu in Catalonia in Spain.

Mochta (Mochteus) Aug 19
6th cent. Possibly born in Wales, he founded the monastery of Louth in Ireland.

Namadia Aug 19
+ c 700. Wife of St Calminius, as a widow she became a nun at Marsat in France.

Rufinus Aug 19
? A saint venerated in Mantua in Italy from early times.

Sebald Aug 19
+ c 770. Probably born in England, he lived as a hermit near Vicenza in Italy and then preached with St Willibald in the Reichswald in Germany.

August 20

Amator (Amadour) Aug 20
? The incorrupt body of a hermit was found buried beneath the church of Our Lady at Rocamadour in France and given this name.

Burchard Aug 20
+ 1026. Born in Hesse in Germany, he became a monk at Lobbes in Belgium. In 1006 he was forced to become Bishop of Worms where he was a canonist.

Edbert Aug 20
+ 768. The successor of St Ceolwulf on the throne of Northumbria in England. After a prosperous reign of twenty years he resigned and went to the monastery of York, where he spent a further ten years in prayer and seclusion.

Haduin (Harduin) Aug 20
+ c 662. Bishop of Le Mans in France, he founded several monasteries including Notre-Dame-d’Evron.

Leovigild and Christopher Aug 20
+ 852. Leovigild was a monk and pastor in Cordoba in Spain and Christopher a monk of the monastery of St Martin de La Rojana near Cordoba. They were martyred in Cordoba under Abderrahman II.

Maximus Aug 20
+ c 470. A disciple of St Martin and founder of the monastery of Chinon in France.

Oswin Aug 20
+ 651. A prince of Deira, part of the kingdom of Northumbria in England, in 642 he succeeded St Oswald as ruler of Deira, but reigned only nine years, being killed at Gilling in Yorkshire by order of his cousin Oswy. Ever since he has been venerated as a martyr.

Philibert Aug 20
c 608-684. Born in Gascony in France, at the age of twenty he became a monk and then Abbot of Rébais. Later he founded and was Abbot of Jumièges. He opposed the tyrant Ebroin and was imprisoned and exiled. Before his repose he also founded the monastery of Noirmoutier, restored Quinçay and helped several others.

Porphyrius Aug 20
? An early martyr in Palestrina near Rome.

August 21

Anastasius Aug 21
+ 274. A military tribune converted to Orthodoxy on seeing the courage of the young St Agapitus. This happened in Salone in Italy.

Avitus I of Clermont Aug 21
+ c 600. Eighteenth Bishop of Clermont in France and contemporary of St Gregory of Tours, whom he ordained deacon.

Cyriaca (Dominica) Aug 21
+ 249. A wealthy widow in Rome, she sheltered persecuted Orthodox Christians. The Roman Church of St Mary in Dominica recalls her.

Euprepius Aug 21
1st cent. First Bishop of Verona in the north of Italy.

Leontius the Elder Aug 21
+ c 541. Bishop of Bordeaux in France and the predecessor of St Leontius the Younger.

Luxorius, Cisellus and Camerinus Aug 21
+ 303. Martyrs in Sardinia beheaded under Diocletian. Luxorius had been a soldier in the imperial army, the other two were boys whom he helped to accept martyrdom.

Paternus Aug 21
+ c 255. Born in Alexandria, he came to Rome, was arrested in Fondi and was martyred for Orthodoxy there.

Privatus Aug 21
+ 260. Bishop of Mende in France. He was captured by invading barbarians, but was offered his life if he agreed to reveal where his flock was hiding. This he refused to do and he was beaten to death.

Quadratus Aug 21
3rd cent. A Bishop of Utica in North Africa who taught both clergy and laity to confess Christ. They were all martyred. St Quadratus was greatly revered in Africa.

Sidonius (Apollinaris) Aug 21
c 423-480. Caius Sollius Apollinaris Sidonius was born in Lyons. A soldier, he married the daughter of Avitus, Emperor of the West, after which he served the State (468-9). He then became Bishop of Clermont in France. As bishop he saved his people from Goths under Alaric. Sidonius was a writer but he gave his wealth to the poor and to monasteries.

August 22

Andrew of Tuscany Aug 22
+ c 880. Born in Ireland, he went to Rome as a pilgrim and settled in Fiesole in Italy and restored the monastery of San Martino in Mensula.

Antoninus Aug 22
+ 186. A converted executioner in Rome.

Arnulf Aug 22
9th cent. The relics of this saintly hermit were venerated in Arnulphsbury or Eynesbury in Cambridgeshire in England.

Ethelgitha Aug 22
+ c 720. Abbess of a convent in Northumbria.

Fabrician and Philibert Aug 22
? Martyrs in Toledo in Spain.

Gunifort Aug 22
? A pilgrim, perhaps from England, who was martyred in Pavia in Italy.

Hippolytus of Porto Aug 22
+ c 236. Bishop of Porto in Italy, martyred by drowning under Alexander.

Martial, Saturninus, Epictetus, Maprilis, Felix and Companions Aug 22
+ c 300. ? Martyrs with St Aurea honoured in Ostia in Italy.

Maurus and Companions Aug 22
+ c 260? A group of fifty martyrs in Rheims in France. Their leader, Maurus, was a priest.

Sigfrid Aug 22
+ 688. A monk and disciple of St Benedict Biscop, he became Abbot of Wearmouth in England in 686. He was an example of monastic virtue.

Symphorian Aug 22
+ c 200. A member of a senatorial family in Autun in France, he was martyred under Marcus Aurelius for refusing to sacrifice to a pagan goddess.

Timothy Aug 22
+ c 306. A martyr in Rome under Diocletian. His relics were enshrined in a chapel near the church of St Paul-outside-the-Walls and venerated there.

August 23

Altigianus and Hilarinus Aug 23
+ 731. Two monks killed by the Saracens at Saint-Seine in France.

Ebba the Younger and Companions Aug 23
+ c 870. Born in England, she became Abbess of Coldingham, now in Scotland. This had been founded two centuries earlier by St Ebba the Elder. The Danes set fire to her convent and all the nuns perished.

Eugene (Eoghan, Euny, Owen) Aug 23
6th cent. Born in Ireland, he preached abroad and then returned to Ireland, where he became first Bishop of Ardstraw in Tyrone.

Flavian (Flavinian, Flavius) of Autun Aug 23
7th cent. The twenty-first Bishop of Autun in France.

Minervius, Eleazar and Companions Aug 23
3rd cent. Martyrs in Lyons in France. Eight children are included in their number.

Quiriacus, Maximus Archelaus and Companions Aug 23
+ c 235. Bishop, priest and deacon respectively, from Ostia in Italy, martyred with a number of Christian soldiers under Alexander Severus.

Tydfil Aug 23
+ c 480. Venerated in Merthyr Tydfil in Wales, where she was slain by the heathen.

Victor of Vita Aug 23
+ c 535 Born in Carthage in North Africa, he was either bishop there or in Utica.

August 24

Aurea Aug 24
+ c 270. An early martyr in Ostia in Italy.

Ouen (Audöenus, Aldwin, Owen, Dado) Aug 24
610-684. He founded the monastery of Rebais in France, was consecrated Bishop of Rouen in 641, attending the Council of Châlons in 644 and reposing at what is now a suburb of Paris, named St Ouen after him.

Patrick Aug 24
+ c 450. A bishop in Ireland, surnamed Patrick the Elder. His relics were later enshrined at Glastonbury in England.

Ptolemy Aug 24
1st cent. By tradition a disciple of the Apostle Peter, he became Bishop of Nepi in Tuscany in Italy, where he was martyred.

Romanus of Nepi Aug 24
1st cent. A Bishop and martyr of Nepi in Tuscany in Italy, by tradition a disciple of St Ptolemy.

Sandratus (Sandradus) Aug 24
+ 986. A monk of the monastery of St Maximinus at Trier in Geramny. In 972 he was sent by the Emperor Otto I to restore the monastery of St Gall. Shortly afterwards he became Abbot of Gladbach and in 981 Abbot of Weissenburg also.

Yrchard (Irchard, Yarcard) Aug 24
5th cent. A priest in Scotland, consecrated bishop by St Ternan to work among the Picts.

August 25

Aredius (Yrieix, Yriez) Aug 25
+ 591. Born in Limoges in France, he founded Atane in the Limousin, which was later called after him, as also was the village of Saint Yrieux which grew up around the monastery.

Ebba the Elder Aug 25
+ 683. Sister of Sts Oswald and Oswy, Kings of Northumbria, she became a nun at Lindisfarne. Having founded the convent of Coldingham, now in Scotland, she became abbess there.

Eusebius, Pontian, Vincent and Peregrinus Aug 25
+ 192? Martyrs in Rome.

Genesius (Genès) of Arles Aug 25
+ c 303. A notary in Arles in France who refused to put on record an imperial decree against Orthodox Christians and declared that he himself believed in Christ. He was martyred under Maximian Herculeus.

Genesius the Actor Aug 25
+ c 300. An actor in Rome who, while taking part in a satire on Orthodox baptism, was suddenly converted and at once martyred.

Geruntius of Italica Aug 25
+ c 100. A missionary in Spain in the Apostolic age, Bishop of Talco (Italica, near Seville) and martyr.

Gregory of Utrecht Aug 25
c 703-776. Born in Trier in Germany, he met St Boniface when still a child and later became a monk. He became Abbot of St Martin’s at Utrecht in Holland and then Bishop of the same city for twenty-two years. St Martin’s was a seedbed of saints.

Hunegund Aug 25
+ c 690. Forced to marry against her will, she persuaded her bridegroom to accompany her to Rome, where she became a nun. They returned to France and Hunegund entered the convent of Homblières, while her betrothed became a priest.

Maginus (Magí) Aug 25
+ c 304. Born in Tarragona in Spain, he enlightened the people near his native town and was finally beheaded under Diocletian.

Marcian of Saignon Aug 25
+ 485. Born in Saignon in the Vaucluse in the south of France, he founded the monastery of St Eusebius in Apt.

Nemesius and Lucilla Aug 25
+ c 260. Nemesius, a deacon, and Lucilla, his daughter, were martyred in Rome under Valerian.

Patricia Aug 25
+ c 665. Born in Constantinople and related to the imperial family, in order to escape marriage she went on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem and then to Rome, where she became a nun. She died in Naples in Italy where she is one of the patron-saints.

Wannus (Guarinus, Warren) Aug 25
7th cent. The son of St Sigrada, he was martyred in France by the tyrant Ebroin who was at war with his brother St Leodegarius.

August 26

Alexander Aug 26
? Patron of Bergamo in the north of Italy, where a church has been dedicated to him from the fourth century. A later manuscript suggests that he was a centurion of the Theban Legion who escaped from prison but was recaptured.

Bregwin Aug 26
+ 764. Twelfth Archbishop of Canterbury. His letters to St Lull of Mainz still exist.

Elias Aug 26
+ 660. A monk who became Bishop of Syracuse in Sicily.

Felix of Pistoia Aug 26
9th cent. A holy hermit in Pistoia in Tuscany in Italy.

Irenaeus and Abundius Aug 26
+ c 258. Martyrs in Rome drowned in the public sewers during the persecution of Valerian.

Ninian Aug 26
+ ? 432. A Briton who was sent to enlighten his native country. He established his mission at Whithorn in Wigtownshire in Scotland, so called because the church was built of stone plastered white. There was a monastery attached to it and it was from this centre that Ninian and his monks enlightened the northern Britons and the Picts.

Pandwyna Aug 26
+ c 904. A holy virgin born in Ireland. The church in Eltisley in Cambridgeshire in England is dedicated to her.

Rufinus Aug 26
5th cent. Bishop of Capua in Italy. His relics are enshrined in the cathedral.

Secundus Aug 26
3rd cent. A soldier of the Theban Legion martyred near Ventimiglia in Italy.

Victor (Vitores) Aug 26
+ c 950. By tradition Victor was a priest in Spain martyred by the Moors in the ninth or tenth century.

Zephyrinus Aug 26
+ 217. Pope of Rome from 198/9 to 217. He defended Orthodox Christology against heresies.

August 27

Agilo Aug 27
+ 957. Monk of St Aper in Toul in France. He was invited to restore monastic discipline at Sithin (Saint Bertin).

Caesarius of Arles Aug 27
470-543. Born in Châlon-sur-Saône in France, he became a monk at Lérins when young and then Bishop of Arles. He presided several Councils and founded a convent afterwards called after him at Arles, where his sister St Caesaria became abbess. He was zealous for decorum in liturgy and excelled as a preacher. His homilies still exist. During the distress caused by the siege of Arles in 508, he sold the treasures of his church to help the poor

Decuman (Dagan) Aug 27
+ 706. Born in Wales, he lived as a hermit at what is now St Decumans in Somerset in England, where he was martyred.

Ebbo Aug 27
+ 740. Born in Tonnerre, he was a monk at Saint-Pierre-le-Vif in Sens in France. He became Bishop of Sens which he saved in 725 when it was besieged by the Saracens.

Etherius (Alermius) Aug 27
+ 602. Bishop of Lyons in France.

Euthalia Aug 27
? A virgin-martyr in Leontini in Sicily.

Gebhard Aug 27
+ 995. Bishop of Constance in Germany (979-995). In 983 he founded the monastery of Petershausen near Constance where he was buried.

John Aug 27
+ 813. Bishop of Pavia in Lombardy in the north of Italy 801-813.

Licerius (Lizier) Aug 27
+ c 548. Born in Spain, probably in Lérida (Ilerda), he went to France and in 506 became Bishop of Couserans.

Malrubius Aug 27
+ c 1040. An hermit in Merns in Kincardineshire in Scotland, martyred by Norwegian invaders.

Monica Aug 27
332-387. Born in Carthage in North Africa of Christian parents, she married a pagan and had three children. Through her patience and gentleness she converted her husband and through her prayers and tears her wayward son, who became Blessed Augustine.. She reposed in Ostia near Rome and her relics are preserved in Rome.

Narnus Aug 27
? First Bishop of Bergamo in Italy.

Rufus and Carpophorus (Carpone) Aug 27
+ 295. Martyrs in Capua under Diocletian. Rufus was a deacon.

Rufus of Capua Aug 27
? Bishop of Capua and disciple of St Apollinaris of Ravenna.

Syagrius (Siacre) Aug 27
+ 600. Bishop of Autun in France c 560-600.

August 28

Adelindis Aug 28
+ c 930. As a widow she founded and became a nun, and perhaps Abbess, of Buchau on the Federsee in Wurtemburg in Germany.

Ambrose Aug 28
+ c 450. Bishop of Saintes in France for some fourteen years. He is mentioned in the Life of his successor, St Vivian, and is honoured together with him.

Augustine of Hippo Aug 28
354-430. Born in Tagaste in North Africa, he spent his youth in vice, but under the influence of St Ambrose was baptised. He became priest and then Bishop of Hippo. He devoted himself to defending Orthodoxy, although he had to retract some of his earlier ideas which were incorrect. For this reason the Orthodox Church accords him the title of Blessed. His relics are enshrined in the basilica of St Pietro in Ciel d’Oro in Pavia.

Facundinus Aug 28
+ c 620. Bishop of Taino in Umbria in Italy.

Fortunatus, Gaius and Anthes Aug 28
+ 303. Martyrs near Salerno in Italy under Diocletian. Their relics were enshrined in Salerno in 940 and they were much venerated.

Gorman Aug 28
+ 965. A monk at Reichenau in Germany, he preached the Gospel and became Bishop of Schleswig in Denmark.

Hermes and Companions Aug 28
+ c 120. Martyrs in Rome under the judge Aurelian.

Julian of Auvergne Aug 28
3rd cent. Born in Vienne in France, he was an officer in the imperial army and a secret Christian. On the outbreak of persecution, probably under Decius, at first he fled but then gave himself up and was martyred near Brionde.

Pelagius Aug 28
+ c 283. A boy martyred in Istria under Numerian. His relics were transferred to Città Nuova in Istria and part of them (c 915) to Constance in Switzerland. He is venerated as the patron-saint of Constance.

Rumwold Aug 28
+ c 650. A three-day old infant and prince, who professed the Faith immediately after baptism and then died.

Vivian Aug 28
+ c 460. Bishop of Saintes in the west of France, he protected his people during the invasion of the Visigoths.

August 29

Adelphus Aug 29
5th cent. An early Bishop of Metz in France.

Alberic Aug 29
+ c 1050. A monk who lived at Bagno de Romagua in Italy.

Candida Aug 29
? One of a group of martyrs who suffered on the Ostian Way outside the gates of Rome. Her relics were enshrined in the church of St Praxedes.

Edwold Aug 29
9th cent. Possibly the brother of St Edmund the Martyr, King of East Anglia. He lived as a hermit at Cerne in Dorset in England.

Euthymius Aug 29
4th cent. A Roman who fled to Perugia in Italy with his wife and his child, St Crescentius, during the persecution of Diocletian. He reposed in Perugia and is venerated there.

Medericus (Merry) Aug 29
+ c 700. Born in Autun in France, he became a monk at St Martin’s in Autun, where he eventually became abbot. Later he lived as a hermit near Paris, where now stands the church of Saint-Merry.

Sabina Aug 29
+ ? 275. By tradition the sister of St Sabinian of Troyes in France where she was venerated together with him.

Sabina Aug 29
? The famous basilica on the Aventine in Rome is dedicated to her. She was probably a wealthy lady who founded it in the third or fourth century and perhaps a martyr.

Sebbe (Sebba, Sebbi) Aug 29
664-694. King of Essex in England. After a peaceful reign of thirty years he became a monk at the monastery of Westminster (‘the monastery in the West’) which he had founded. His life was one of prayer, repentance and almsgiving.

Velleicus (Willeic) Aug 29
8th cent. Born in England, he followed St Swithbert to Germany and became Abbot of Kaiserswerth.

August 30

Agilus (Ail, Aile, Aisle, Ayeul) Aug 30
c 580-650. A young nobleman who became a monk with St Columbanus at Luxeuil. He remained at Luxeuil under the founder’s successor, St Eustace, but went with him in 612 to preach in Bavaria. On his return to France he became Abbot of Rebais near Paris.

Boniface and Thecla Aug 30
+ c 250. Parents of the Twelve Brothers commemorated on Sept 1. They were martyred under Maximian in Hadrumetum, now Soussa in Tunisia in North Africa.

Bononius Aug 30
+ 1026. Born in Bologna in Italy, he became a monk at St Stephen’s. Later he became Abbot of Lucedio in Piedmont.

Fantinus Aug 30
+ c 980. A monk in Calabria in Italy and Abbot of St Mercurius. He was already old when his monastery was destroyed by the Saracens.

Felix and Adauctus Aug 30
+ c 304. Martyrs beheaded in Rome under Diocletian. St Felix was a priest and as he was being led to execution, a bystander confessed Christ and was martyred with him. Because this second martyr’s name was not known, he was called Adauctus, i.e., the one added. They were buried on the Ostian Way.

Fiacre (Fiacrius, Fiaker, Fèvre) Aug 30
+ c 670. Born in Ireland, he was given land by St Faro of Meaux in France. He lived here for the rest of his life, attracting many disciples for whom he built the monastery of Breuil.

Gaudentia and Companions Aug 30
? Gaudentia, a holy virgin in Rome, where by tradition she was martyred with three others.

Loarn Aug 30
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick of Ireland.

Pammachius Aug 30
c 340-410. A Roman senator, married to one of the daughters of St Paula. On the death of his wife in 395, Pammachius became a monk and spent the rest of his life and his immense wealth in the service of the sick and the poor.

Pelagius, Arsenius and Sylvanus Aug 30
+ c 950. Hermits near Burgos in Old Castile in Spain who were martyred by the Saracens.

Peter of Trevi Aug 30
+ 1050. Born in Carsoli in Italy, he preached to the peasants of Tivoli, Anagni and Subiaco. He reposed when still young in Trevi near Subiaco.

Rumon Aug 30
6th cent.? A bishop and patron-saint of Tavistock in England. Romansleigh in Devon is named after him.

August 31

Aidan (Aedan) Aug 31
+ 651. An Irish monk at Iona who, at the request of St Oswald, King of Northumbria, went to enlighten the north of England. He fixed his see at Lindisfarne (Holy Island) where he ruled as abbot and bishop, his diocese reaching from the Forth to the Humber. His life was illustrated by numberless miracles and was most fruitful, as is witnessed to by the writings of St Bede. He reposed at Bamburgh.

Barbolenus Aug 31
+ c 640 Fourth Abbot of Bobbio in Italy.

Caesidius and Companions Aug 31
3rd cent. Martyrs on the shores of Lake Fucino in Italy.

Cuthburgh (Cuthburga) and Cwenburgh Aug 31
+ c 725. Sister of King Ina of Wessex, she became a nun at Barking with St Hildelith. Together with her sister St Cwenburgh, she founded a monastery in Wimborne in Dorset, where she was abbess and was succeeded by her sister. Many nuns from Wimborne helped to enlighten Germany.

Cyprian Sept 16 (In the East Aug 31)
c 200-258. Thascius Cecilianus Cyprianus was born in North Africa. He became a lawyer, was converted to Orthodoxy and consecrated Bishop of Carthage in 248. He wrote numerous treatises on theological subjects, one of the most important being De Unitate Catholicae Ecclesiae, and wrote numerous letters. He is one of the greatest Fathers of the Church and he was a model of compassion, discretion and pastoral zeal. Cyprian went into hiding during the persecution of Decius but was arrested and beheaded under Valerian.

Optatus Aug 31
+ c 530. Bishop of Auxerre in France.

Paulinus of Trier Aug 31
+ 358. Born in Gascony in France, he accompanied St Maximinus to Trier in Germany and succeeded him as bishop in 349. He was a brave supporter of St Athanasius and was therefore exiled to Phrygia by the Arian Emperor Constantius in 355. He died in exile but his relics were brought back to Trier in 396.

Robustian and Mark Aug 31
? Martyrs venerated in Milan in Italy from early times,.

September 1

Agia (Aia, Aye) Sept 1
6th cent. Mother of St Lupus of Sens in France.

Constantius Sept 1
+ c 520. Bishop of Aquino in Italy.

Firminus of Amiens Sept 1
4th cent. Third Bishop of Amiens in France.

Giles and Arcanus Sept 1
+ c 1050. Giles was born in Spain and together with the Italian St Arcanus, founded a monastery to enshrine relics which they had brought from Palestine. This later grew into Borgo San Sepulcro in central Italy.

Giles Sept 1
8th cent. Probably born in Provence in the south of France, he became abbot of a monastery on the Rhône, where the town of Saint-Gilles now stands. He is venerated as the patron-saint of cripples and beggars.

Lupus of Sens Sept 1
+ 623. A monk at Lérins who became Bishop of Sens in France in 609. He was slandered and exiled but was recalled by his people and fully vindicated.

Lythan (Llythaothaw) Sept 1
? A saint in Wales to whom two churches are dedicated.

Nivard Sept 1
+ c 670. Archbishop of Rheims in France.

Priscus Sept 1
+ c 66. The first Bishop of Capua in Italy, where he was sent by the Apostle Peter. By tradition he was martyred under Nero.

Priscus, Castrensis, Tammarus, Rosius, Heraclius, Secundinus, Adjutor, Mark, Augustus, Elpidius, Canion and Vindonius Sept 1 and Feb 11
5th cent? Priscus, a bishop in North Africa, and his priests were cast adrift in a boat by the Arian Vandals. They reached the south of Italy, where eventually Priscus became Bishop of Capua.

Regulus Sept 1
+ c 545. Born in North Africa, he was exiled by the Arian Vandals. He landed in Tuscany in Italy and was martyred under Totila.

Sixtus (Xystus) of Rheims Sept 1
+ c 300. First Bishop of Rheims in France c 290-300.

Terentian Sept 1
+ 118. Bishop of Todi in Umbria in Italy. He was racked, had his tongue cut out and finally was beheaded under Hadrian.

Twelve Holy Brothers Sept 1
+ c 303? The relics of several groups of martyrs who had suffered in the south of Italy were brought together and enshrined at Benevento in 760. The various groups who comprised the so-called ‘Twelve Brothers’ or Martyrs of the South are: (1) Aug 27. In Potenza in the Basilicata, Arontius or Orontius, Honoratus, Fortunatus and Sabinian. (2) Aug 28. In Venosa in Apulia, Septiminus, Januarius and Felix. (3) Aug 29. In Velleianum in Apulia, Vitalis, Sator (or Satyrus) and Repositus. (4) Sept 1. In Sentianum in Apulia, Donatus and another Felix.

Verena Sept 1
3rd century. An Egyptian related to a soldier of the Theban Legion, she travelled to Switzerland in search of him and settled as an anchoress near Zurich.

Vibiana (Bibiana) Sept 1
? A virgin martyr in Rome whose relics are now venerated in Los Angeles, of which she is the main patron-saint.

Victorius Sept 1
+ c 490. A disciple of St Martin of Tours who became Bishop of Le Mans in France in c 453.

Vincent and Laetus Sept 1
? 5th cent. Possibly born in Toledo in Spain, St Vincent of Xaintes was the first Bishop and became the patron-saint of Dax in the south of France, and St Laetus was one of his deacons.

September 2

Agricola (Agricolus) Sept 2
c 630-700. Son of St Magnus, Bishop of Avignon. At the age of sixteen he became a monk at Lérins where he stayed for sixteen years. His father called him to Avignon and in 660 he became bishop there and is considered to be the patron-saint of the town.

Antoninus Sept 2
? At Pamiers in France there are traditions connected with an early martyr named Antoninus.

Castor Sept 2
+ c 420. Born in Nîmes in France, he married and settled in Marseilles. After a short time they separated by mutual consent and both entered monasteries. Castor founded the monastery of Manauque, and shortly afterwards became Bishop of Apt.

Elpidius Sept 2
+ 422. The successor of St Antiochus as Bishop of Lyons in France. His relics were enshrined in the church of St Justus.

Hieu (Heiu) Sept 2
+ c 657. She became a nun and then Abbess of Tadcaster in Yorkshire in England.

Justus of Lyons Sept 2 and Oct 14
+ 390. A deacon in Vienne who became Bishop of Lyons in France in 350. In 381 he attended the Council of Aquileia and then went to Egypt and lived as a hermit.

Lolanus Sept 2
+ c ? 1034. A bishop in Scotland.

Maxima Sept 2
+ 304. A Roman slave who was scourged to death in Rome during the persecution of Diocletian. She was condemned to death together with St Ansanus.

Nonnosus Sept 2
+ c 575. A monk at the monastery of Mt Soracte in Italy. His wonderful deeds were recorded by St Gregory the Great.

Valentine Sept 2
4th cent. Fourth Bishop of Strasbourg in France.

September 3

Aigulphus (Ayou, Ayoul) Sept 3
c 630-676. Born in Blois in France, at the age of twenty he became a monk at Fleury. He was sent to Montecassino to attempt to obtain the relics of St Benedict and later became Abbot of Lérins. With four of his monks he was taken by evildoers to an island near Corsica where they were all martyred.

Ambrose Sept 3
+ c 455. Bishop of Sens in France.

Auxanus Sept 3
+ 568. Known in Milan in Italy as Sant’Ansano, he was bishop of that city, where he has always been venerated.

Euphemia, Dorothy, Thecla and Erasma Sept 3
? 1st cent. A group of virgin-martyrs in Aquileia in Italy, venerated in Venice and Ravenna.

Frugentius Sept 3
+ 675. A monk at Fleury, martyred with St Aigulphus, Abbot of Lérins in France.

Gregory the Great (the Dialogist) Sept 3
c 540-604. Born in Rome of patrician parents, he became the prefect of the city. He soon resigned the office, turned his home on the Caelian Hill into a monastery and became a monk. Next he was sent to Constantinople as apocrisarius or ambassador. On his return he was chosen Pope (590). First in importance was his mission to England. This was important not only for the conversion of England, but also for the spreading of Orthodoxy among the other Germanic peoples of north-west Europe. He also encouraged the conversion of the Lombards in Italy and the Goths in Spain, embellished the liturgy, defended and befriended monasticism and cared for the poor. He was a prolific writer; his dialogues and his Regula Pastoralis are classics of Orthodox literature.

Hereswith Sept 3
+ c 690. A princess from Northumbria in England and sister of St Hild, she ended her life as a nun at Chelles in France.

Macanisius Sept 3
+ 514. By tradition he was baptised as an infant by St Patrick, who later consecrated him bishop. He also founded a monastery, probably in Kells.

Mansuetus (Mansuy) Sept 3
+ c 350. Bishop of Toul in France (c 338-350).

Maurilius Sept 3
+ 580. Bishop of Cahors in France. It is recorded that he knew the whole Bible by heart.

Natalis Sept 3
6th cent. Born in Benevento in Italy, he became a priest in Casale in Piedmont.

Regulus (Reol) Sept 3
+ 698. A monk at Rebais in France with St Philibert. He succeeded St Nivard (c 670) as Archbishop of Rheims and founded the monastery of Orbais in 680.

Remaclus Sept 3
+ c 663. A noble born in Aquitaine in France, he became a monk and the first Abbot of Solignac near Limoges and then of Cougnon in Luxembourg. About the year 648 he founded the monasteries of Stavelot and Malmédy in Belgium and in 652 he became Bishop of Maastricht in Holland.

Sandila (Sandalus, Sandolus, Sandulf) Sept 3
+ c 855. A martyr in Cordoba in Spain under the Moors.

September 4

Boniface I Sept 4
+ 422. A priest who was elected Pope of Rome in 418.

Caletricus Sept 4
529-c 580. Born in Chartres in France he became bishop of that city after St Lubinus in c 557.

Candida the Elder Sept 4
+ c 78. An aged woman who welcomed the Apostle Peter in Naples and was miraculously healed by him. In her turn she converted St Aspren who became the first Bishop of Naples.

Ida of Herzfeld Sept 4
+ c 813. Happily married, she was widowed when she was still very young. She founded the convent of Herzfeld in Westphalia in Germany and devoted herself to good works.

Marcellus Sept 4
+ c 178. A priest in Lyons in France who escaped from prison but was arrested again. He was buried up to his waist on the banks of the Saône, where he survived for three days before he died.

Marcellus Sept 4
? Either Bishop of Trier in Germany or else of Tongres in Belgium.

Marinus Sept 4
4th cent. He was born on an island off the coast of Dalmatia and became a stonemason. Ordained deacon by Gaudentius, Bishop of Rimini, he reposed as a hermit in the region now called after him, (the Republic of) San Marino.

Monessa Sept 4
+ 456. A holy woman converted by St Patrick in Ireland.

Rhuddlad Sept 4
? 7th cent. Patron of Llanrhyddlad at the foot of Moel Rhyddlad in Anglesey in Wales.

Salvinus Sept 4
+ c 420. Third Bishop of Verdun in the north of France (c 383-420).

Sulpicius of Bayeux Sept 4
+ 843. Bishop of Bayeux in France from c 838 to 843. He was martyred by the Vikings in Livry.

Ultan Sept 4
7th cent. Bishop of Ardbraccan in Ireland, St Ultan was noted for his love for children and for the writings of St Brigid.

September 5

Bertin Sept 5
+ c 709. Born near Constance, he became a monk at Luxeuil in France. He helped St Omer, Bishop of Thérouanne and became Abbot of Sithin (afterwards called St Bertin). The monastery prospered under him and he founded many new monasteries.

Genebald of Laon Sept 5
+ c 555. Bishop of Laon in France and a relative of St Remigius. He did seven years’ penance for a sin he had committed.

Herculanus Sept 5
+ ? c 180. A martyr in Porto near Rome, probably under Marcus Aurelius.

Obdulia Sept 5
? A holy virgin venerated in Toledo in Spain.

Quintius, Arcontius and Donatus Sept 5
? Martyrs venerated in Capua and elsewhere in the south of Italy.

Victorinus Sept 5
+ 644. Bishop of Como in Italy and an ardent opponent of Arianism.

September 6

Arator Sept 6
+ c 460. Fourth Bishop of Verdun in France.

Augustine, Sanctian and Beata Sept 6
+ 273. Born in Spain, they fled to Gaul in time of persecution and were martyred near Sens in France, where they were venerated.

Bega (Begh, Bee) Sept 6
7th cent. A holy virgin from Ireland who founded a convent at what is now St Bee’s Head in Cumberland. The village of Kilbees in Scotland was also named after her.

Cagnoald Sept 6
+ c 635. Brother of St Faro and St Burgundofara. He became a monk at Luxeuil in France and later the sixth Bishop of Laon.

Chainoaldus (Chagnoald, Cagnou) Sept 6
+ 633. Brother of St Faro and St Fara. A disciple of St Columbanus, with whom he went to Bobbio in Italy and helped found the monastery. He later became Bishop of Laon in France.

Donatian, Praesidius, Mansuetus, Germanus, Fusculus and Laetus Sept 6
5th century. Orthodox driven out of Africa into exile by Hunneric the Arian King of the Vandals. At that time the number of exiles reached nearly five thousand in a single year.

Eleutherius Sept 6
+ c 590. He is mentioned several times by St Gregory the Great as a wonderworker. He was Abbot of St Mark’s in Spoleto in Italy, which he left for St Gregory’s own monastery in Rome, where he lived as a monk for many years.

Faustus Sept 6
+ c 607. Abbot of the monastery of Santa Lucy in Syracuse in Sicily, where his disciple was Zosimus, the future Bishop of Syracuse.

Felix and Augebert Sept 6
7th cent. Two slaves from England sold in France and ransomed by St Gregory the Great, who asked that they be taken to a monastery to be prepared as missionaries in England. Felix was ordained priest and Augebert deacon, but they were killed by pagans in Champagne before they could undertake their mission.

Maccallin (Macallan, Macculin Dus) Sept 6
+ c 497. Bishop of Lusk in Ireland, he is also venerated in Scotland.

Magnus (Magnoaldus, Maginold, Mang) Sept 6
+ c 666. Born in Ireland, he preached with Sts Columbanus and Gall. He founded the monastery of Füssen in Bavaria in Germany.

Petronius Sept 6
+ c 450. Bishop of Verona in Italy.

September 7

Alcmund Sept 7
+ 781. The seventh Bishop of Hexham in England.

Anastasius the Fuller Sept 7
+ 304. A fuller in Aquileia, not far from Venice in Italy. He went to Dalmatia and continued his trade in Salona where he openly confessed Orthodoxy, painting a conspicuous cross on his door. He was seized and drowned.

Augustalis (Autal) Sept 7
c 450. Probably Bishop of Arles in France.

Balin (Balanus, Balloin) Sept 7
7th cent. Brother of St Gerald and one of the four sons of a noble in England. After accompanying St Colman of Lindisfarne to Iona in Scotland, he and his brothers went to Connaught in Ireland and settled at Tecksaxon, ‘The House of the Saxons’, near Tuam.

Carissima Sept 7
5th cent. Born in Albi in France, she lived as an anchoress in a forest near the city and then at the convent of Viants (Vious).

Clodoaldus (Cloud) Sept 7
+ c 560. Grandson of King Clovis and St Clotilde, he became a priest and hermit. He founded the monastery of Nogent-sur-Seine, now called Saint-Cloud after him.

Evortius (Euvert) Sept 7
+ c 340. Bishop of Orleans in France, the monastery of Saint-Euvert was founded to enshrine his relics.

Faciolus Sept 7
+ c 950. A monk at the monastery of St Cyprian in Poitiers in France.

Gratus Sept 7
+ c 470. Bishop of Aosta in Italy, of which he is patron-saint.

Grimonia (Germana) Sept 7
4th cent. A holy virgin from Ireland, she was martyred in Picardy in defence of her virtue.

Hilduard (Hilward, Garibald) Sept 7
+ c 750. He founded the monastery of St Peter in Dickelvenne on the Schelde in Belgium.

Madalberta Sept 7
+ 706. Daughter of Sts Vincent Madelgarus and Waldetrudis. She was educated by her aunt, St Aldegund, the foundress of Maubeuge, where she became a nun. About the year 697 she succeeded her sister St Aldetrudis as abbess.

Memorius (Nemorius, Mesmin) and Companions Sept 7
+ 451. A deacon in Troyes in France with St Lupus, who sent him to the camp of Attila with five companions to ask for mercy. Attila had them all beheaded.

Pamphilus Sept 7
+ c 400. A Greek by birth, he was consecrated Bishop of Capua in Italy. His relics were enshrined in Benevento.

Regina (Reine) Sept 7
+ c ?286. A virgin-martyr venerated in Autun in France.

Tilbert (Gilbert) Sept 7
+ 789. Bishop of Hexham in Northumbria in England 781-789.

September 8

Anastasius II Sept 8 and Nov 19
+ 498. Pope of Rome between 496-498.

Corbinian Sept 8
670-730. He lived for fourteen years as a hermit and then went to Rome. He was consecrated bishop and went to preach Christ in Germany. He lived in Freising in Bavaria.

Disibod (Disibode, Disen) Sept 8
+ c 700. Born in Ireland, he went to Germany with several companions and founded a monastery on a hill in the valley of the Nahe near Bingen. This became known as Disibodenberg or Disenberg.

Ethelburgh (Ethelburga) Sept 8
+ c 647. Daughter of King Ethelbert of Kent in England, she married King Edwin of Northumbria. She went there accompanied by St Paulinus. After Edwin’s death she returned to Kent and founded the convent of Lyminge, where she became a nun and abbess.

Ina (Ine) and Ethelburgh Sept 8
+ 727. Ina was King of Wessex in England from 688 till 726, and is remembered as the restorer of Glastonbury. In about 726 he abdicated and went to Rome with his wife Ethelburgh, where he ended his days as a monk.

Kingsmark (Cynfarch) Sept 8
5th cent. By tradition a saint who came from Scotland but lived in Wales, where churches are dedicated to him.

Sergius Sept 8
+ 701. Of Syrian descent, he was born in Palermo in Sicily. He was Pope of Rome from 687 to 701. He blessed and fostered the missionary work of the English monks in Friesland and Germany.

September 9

Bettelin (Bertram) Sept 9
8th cent. Disciple of St Guthlac of Crowland in England. He lived there with companions under the first abbot, Kenulf.

Hyacinth, Alexander and Tiburtius Sept 9
? Martyrs in the Sabine country in Italy, about thirty miles from Rome.

Kieran (Kyran) Sept 9
+ c 556 (?). Called ‘The Younger’. He was born in Connacht, and was trained in the monastic life by St Finian of Clonard, one of the ‘Twelve Apostles of Ireland’. He later founded Clonmacnois in West Meath and gave his monks an ascetic rule, ‘The Law of Kieran’.

Omer (Audomarus) Sept 9
c 595-670. Born near Constance in Switzerland, he became a monk at Luxeuil and after some twenty years Bishop of Thérouanne in the north of France. In order to enlighten the region, St Omer covered the area with monasteries. The saint himself helped found the monastery of Sithin, around which grew up the town now known as Saint Omer.

Osmanna (Argariarga) Sept 9
+ c 650. A holy virgin who left Ireland for Brittany and became an anchoress in a hermitage near Brieuc.

Wulfhild Sept 9
+ c 1000. Abbess of convents at Barking and Horton, both in England.

September 10

Agapius (Agapitus) Sept 10
+ 447. Bishop of Novara in Piedmont in Italy from 417 to 447 and the successor of St Gaudentius, in whose footsteps he followed.

Autbert Sept 10
+ c 709. Bishop of Avranches in France, he founded the Monastery of Mont-St-Michel on what is now the Normandy coast.

Barypsabas Sept 10
1st cent. A hermit from the East, he was martyred in Dalmatia. A tradition relates that Barypsabas took to Rome a vessel containing some of the precious blood which flowed from the side of our Lord when He was on the cross.

Candida the Younger Sept 10
+ ? 586. A married woman in Naples who hallowed herself as a wife and as a mother.

Clement Nov 23 (In the East Jan 4, Apr 22, Sept 10 and Nov 25)
+ c 101. One of the Seventy Apostles, he was the third Pope of Rome. Consecrated by the Apostle Peter, he is mentioned in Philippians 4,3 and wrote a letter to the Church of Corinth which still exists. He is venerated as a martyr and he is remembered in Rome by the church of San Clemente, which may have been built on the site of his home.

Finian (Findbarr, Winnin) Sept 10
c 493-579. Born near Stangford Lough in Ireland, he became a monk in Scotland. He was the founder and first Abbot of Moville in Co. Down.

Frithestan Sept 10
+ 933. A disciple of St Grimbald, he was consecrated Bishop of Winchester in England by St Plegmund. He was bishop for twenty-three years, loved the poor and prayed much for the departed.

Nemesian, Felix, Lucius, another Felix, Litteus, Polyanus, Victor, Jader, Dativus and Companions Sept 10
+ 257. Nine bishops of Numidia in North Africa who with numerous other clergy and laypeople were condemned to slavery in the marble quarries of Sigum where they ended their lives. A letter of St Cyprian addressed to them still exists.

Peter Martinez Sept 10
+ c 1000. Also called St Peter of Mozonzo. He was born in Spain and in about 950 became a monk at the monastery of St Mary of Mozonzo. Later he became Abbot of St Martin in Compostella and finally (c 986) Archbishop there.

Salvius Sept 10
+ 584. A lawyer who became a monk and abbot, then a hermit and finally Bishop of Albi in France (574-584). He died while tending the sick during an epidemic.

Theodard Sept 10
+ c 670. A disciple of St Remaclus at Malmédy-Stavelot in Belgium and his successor as Abbot (653) and Bishop of Maastricht (663). He was murdered by robbers in the forest of Bienwald near Speyer in Germany on a journey undertaken in defence of his church.

Veranus Sept 10
+ c 480. Son of St Eucherius of Lyons, he became a monk at Lérins and afterwards Bishop of Vence in the south of France.

September 11

Adelphus Sept 11
+ c 670. Grandson of St Romaricus and his successor as Abbot of Remiremont in the east of France.

Almirus (Almer, Almire) Sept 11
+ c 560. Born in Auvergne in France, he finally went to live as a hermit at Gréez-sur-Roc, where he reposed.

Bodo Sept 11
+ c 670. Born in Toul in France, he was the brother of St Salaberga. He married but, by mutual consent, he and his wife entered monasteries. He became a monk in Laon but was forced to leave to become Bishop of Toul. He founded monasteries at Etival, Bon-Moutier and Affonville.

Deiniol (Daniel) Sept 11
+ 584. First Bishop of Bangor in Wales, where the Cathedral is dedicated to him.

Emilian Sept 11
+ 520. A hermit for forty years, he became Bishop of Vercelli in Piedmont in Italy where he reposed a centenarian.

Felix and Regula Sept 11
3rd cent. Brother and sister who at the time of the martyrdom of St Maurice under Maximian Herculeus, took refuge in Switzerland, where they were found and martyred near Zurich.

Patiens Sept 11
+ c 491. Archbishop of Lyons in France, he was highly praised by his contemporary St Sidonius Apollinaris. He devoted all his income to the poor.

Protus and Hyacinth Sept 11
+ c 257. By tradition brothers, they were both servants and were martyred in Rome. The relics of St Hyacinth were uncovered in 1845.

Vincent of León Sept 11
+ c 554 ? Abbot of St Claudius in León in Spain. He was martyred by the Arian Visigoths.

September 12

Ailbe (Albeus, Ailbhe) Sept 12
6th cent. By tradition first Bishop of Emly in Ireland.

Eanswith Sept 12
+ c 640. Granddaughter of King Ethelbert of Kent. She founded the first convent in England on the coast near Folkestone. This was later destroyed by the Danes and swallowed up by the sea. Relics of St Eanswith are venerated in her church in Folkestone to this day.

Guy Sept 12
+ c 1012. Called ‘the Poor Man of Anderlecht’. He was born in Brabant in Belgium and was sacrist of Our Lady of Laken. Afterwards he lived for seven years in the Holy Land. He returned to Anderlecht near Brussels where he reposed.

Juventius of Pavia Feb 8 and Sept 12
1st cent. (?). The tradition is that St Hermagoras, Bishop of Aquileia and disciple of the Apostle Mark, sent Sts Syrus and Juventius to preach the Gospel in Pavia in Italy where the latter became the first bishop.

Sacerdos Sept 12
+ 551. Bishop of Lyons 544-551. He presided over the Council of Orleans in 549.

Silvinus Sept 12
+ c 550. Bishop of Verona in Italy

September 13

Amatus (Amat, Amé, Aimé, Amado) Sept 13
c 567-630. Born in Grenoble in France, he became a monk at the monastery of St Maurice of Agaunum in Switzerland, where he lived as a hermit for over thirty years. St Eustace encouraged him to move to Luxeuil and here he converted St Romaricus. When this noble founded the monastery of Remiremont in 620, Amatus became the first abbot.

Amatus Sept 13
+ 690. Abbot of Agaunum, he became the tenth Bishop of Sion in Valais in Switzerland. As a result of a false accusation, he was exiled to the monastery of Péronne and then to Breuil near Arras in the north of France, where he lived as one of the monks.

Barsenorius Sept 13
7th cent. Successor of St Leutfrid (Leufroy) as Abbot of La-Croix-Saint-Leuffroi in France. His relics are in Fécamp.

Columbinus Sept 13
+ c 680. Successor of St Deicola as Abbot of Lure in France

Hedwig Sept 13
+ c 887. A niece of Warinus of Corvey. She became a nun and then Abbess of Herford in Westphalia in Germany.

Maurilius Sept 13
+ c 430. Born in Milan in Italy, he moved to France where he became a disciple of St Martin of Tours. About the year 407 he was consecrated Bishop of Angers.

Nectarius Sept 13
+ c 550. Bishop of Autun in France and a friend of St Germanus of Paris.

Philip Sept 13
3rd cent. The father of St Eugenia of Rome, in whose home Sts Protus and Hyacinth were employed.

Venerius Sept 13
7th century? A hermit, and then abbot on the Island of Tino in the Gulf of Genoa in Italy.

Wilfrida Sept 13
+ c 988. Mother of St Edith of Wilton in England. After Edith’s birth, Wilfrida went to Wilton where she became a nun. As a nun, and later as abbess, she led a repentant and edifying life.

September 14

Cacrealis and Sallustia Sept 14
+ 251. Caerealis, a soldier, and his wife Sallustia were martyred in Rome under Decius.

Cormac Sept 14
+ 908. Probably the first Bishop of Cashel in Ireland. The ‘Psalter of Cashel’ compiled by him still exists.

Crescentian, Victor, Rosula and Generalis Sept 14
+ c 258. Martyrs in North Africa who suffered at the same time and place as St Cyprian.

Crescentius Sept 14
+ c 300. The son of St Euthymius, he was aged only eleven when he was brought from Perugia to Rome, bravely confessed Christ under torture and was beheaded under Diocletian,

Maternus Sept 14
+ c 325. The first recorded Bishop of Cologne in Germany.

September 15

Aichardus (Aicard, Achard) Sept 15
+ c 687. Born in Poitiers in France, the son of an officer at the court of Clotaire II, early in life he became a monk at Ansion in Poitou. Here he spent thirty-nine years, later becoming Abbot of St Benedict’s at Quinçay near Poitiers. Finally he succeeded St Philibert as Abbot of Jumièges, where there were nearly one thousand monks.

Albinus (Aubin, Alpin) Sept 15
+ c 390. The successor of St Justus in Lyons in France between 381 and 390. He is said to have built the church of St Stephen and chosen it for his Cathedral.

Aprus (Aper, Apre, Epvre, Evre) Sept 15
+ 507. Born near Trier in Germany, he became a very able and just lawyer. He gave up this profession to become a priest and in time became Bishop of Toul in France.

Emilas and Jeremiah Sept 15
+ 852. Two young men, the former of whom was a deacon, imprisoned and beheaded in Cordoba in Spain under the Caliph Abderrahman.

Heman Sept 15
6th cent. Born in Britain, he took refuge in Brittany and lived as a hermit at a place called Loc-Harn after him. He is the patron-saint of the village.

Leobinus (Lubin) Sept 15
+ c 556. Born near Poitiers in France, he was the son of a peasant. Early in life he became a hermit, then a priest, Abbot of Brou and finally Bishop of Chartres.

Mamillian Sept 15
+ 460. Bishop of Palermo in Sicily, he was exiled to Tuscany by the Arian King Genseric. His relics were eventually returned to Palermo.

Merinus (Merryn, Meadhran) Sept 15
+ c 620. A disciple of St Comgall at Bangor in Ireland.

Nicomedes Sept 15
+ c 90. By tradition he was a priest martyred in Rome, perhaps under Domitian.

Porphyrius Sept 15
+ 362. An actor who, performing in front of Julian the Apostate and mocking Orthodox baptism, suddenly declared himself a believer and was at once martyred.

Ribert Sept 15
7th cent. Monk and Abbot of Saint-Valèry-sur-Somme in France. He may also have been a bishop in Normandy and Picardy. He is the patron of several churches near Rouen.

Ritbert Sept 15
+ c 690. Monk and abbot of a small monastery in Varennes in France.

Valerian Sept 15
+ 178. A companion of St Photinus (Pothinus) of Lyons in France. He succeeded in escaping from prison and reappeared at Tournus near Autun, where he again preached to the people. He was captured a second time and beheaded.

September 16

Abundius, Abundantius, Marcian and John Sept 16
+ c 303. The first two were martyred in Rome on the Flaminian Way under the Emperor Diocletian who ordered them to be beheaded together with Marcian, a senator, and John, his son, whom Abundius had raised from the dead.

Cornelius Sept 16
+ 253. Pope of Rome, he was much tried by the heresy of Novatianism and his persecutors exiled him to Civita Vecchia where his sufferings probably hastened his death. St Cyprian refers to him as a martyr. His tomb in Lucina in the cemetery of Callistus still exists.

Cunibert Sept 16
+ c 680. Successor of St Humbert as Abbot of Maroilles near Cambrai in France.

Cyprian Sept 16 (In the East Aug 31)
c 200-258. Thascius Cecilianus Cyprianus was born in North Africa. He became a lawyer, was converted to Orthodoxy and consecrated Bishop of Carthage in 248. He wrote numerous treatises on theological subjects, one of the most important being De Unitate Catholicae Ecclesiae, and wrote numerous letters. He is one of the greatest Fathers of the Church and he was a model of compassion, discretion and pastoral zeal. Cyprian went into hiding during the persecution of Decius but was arrested and beheaded under Valerian.

Dulcissima Sept 16
? A virgin-martyr venerated from time immemorial in Sutri in Italy. She is the main patron- saint of the town.

Edith of Wilton Sept 16
+ 984. Daughter of King Edgar and St Wilfrida. She became a nun at Wilton in England at the age of fifteen. She reposed at the age of twenty-two, famous for her generosity to the poor and her familiarity with wild animals.

Eugenia Sept 16
+ 735. Daughter of Adalbert, Duke of Alsace in France, she succeeded her aunt, St Ottilia, as Abbess of Hohenburg.

Lucy and Geminian Sept 16
+ c 300. A widow and a neophyte martyred together in Rome under Diocletian.

Ludmilla Sept 16
+ 921. Princess of Czechia, entrusted with the education of the young prince St Wenceslas, she was the victim of jealousy and was strangled by hired assassins.

Rogellus and Servus-Dei Sept 16
+ 852. A monk and his young disciple martyred in Cordoba in Spain for publicly denouncing Islam.

Stephen of Perugia Sept 16
+ 1026. Third Abbot of St Peter in Perugia in Italy.

September 17

Columba Sept 17
+ 853. Born in Cordoba and a nun at Tábanos, she was driven from there by the Moorish persecution of 852. She took refuge in Cordoba in Spain, where, being called on to deny Christ, she openly rejected Mohammed and was beheaded.

Faith, Hope and Charity Aug 1 (In the East Sept 17)
c 137. The three girls, aged respectively twelve, ten and nine years, daughters of St Sophia who were martyred in Rome under Hadrian.

Flocellus Sept 17
2nd cent. A youth martyred in Autun in France under the Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161-180). After being tortured, he was flung half-dead to the wild beasts in the amphitheatre.

Justin Sept 17
+ 259. A priest in Rome who devoted himself to burying the bodies of martyrs and was eventually martyred himself. His relics were later transferred to Frisingen in Germany.

Lambert Sept 17
+ 709. Born in Maastricht in Holland, he became bishop there in 668, but in 674 he was driven out by the tyrant Ebroin. He then lived as a monk for seven years at the monastery of Stavelot in Belgium. He returned later and did much to help St Willibrord. He was murdered in the then village of Liège and is venerated as a martyr.

Narcissus and Crescendo Sept 17
+ c 260. Early saints in Rome.

Rodingus (Rouin) Sept 17
+ c 690. A monk and priest from Ireland who preached in Germany and entered the monastery of Tholey near Trier. He moved to the forest of Argonn in France where he founded the monastery of Wasloi, later known as Beaulieu.

Satyrus Sept 17
+ 376. The elder brother of St Ambrose of Milan in Italy. As a lawyer he undertook the administration of the affairs of his brother’s household. His high sense of justice, his integrity and his generosity were praised by St Ambrose in his funeral sermon for him.

Socrates and Stephen Sept 17
? By tradition early martyrs venerated in Britain, now England.

Sophia Sept 30 (In the East Sept 17)
+ c 173. The mother of the virgin-martyrs Faith, Hope and Charity who were martyred in Rome under Hadrian. Three days later, while praying at their tomb, Sophia also reposed, martyred in her soul.

Theodora Sept 17
+ c 305. A noble lady of Rome and of great wealth, she devoted herself and her riches to the service of the martyrs during the persecution of Diocletian,. She seems to have reposed while the persecution still raged.

Uni (Unni, Unno, Huno) Sept 17
+ 936. A monk at New Corvey in Germany, in 917 he became Bishop of Bremen-Hamburg. He helped enlighten Sweden and Denmark and reposed in Birka in Sweden.

September 18

Eustorgius Sept 18
+ c 331. A Greek by birth, in 315 he became Bishop of Milan in Italy, where he exerted his influence against the Arians.

Ferreolus Sept 18
+ c 591. Fifth Bishop of Limoges in France.

Ferreolus Sept 18
3rd cent. An army officer, he was martyred in Vienne in France under Diocletian.

Richardis Sept 18
+ c 895. Married at the age of twenty-two to the Frankish Emperor Charles the Fat, after nineteen years of married life she was accused of unfaithfulness. Her innocence was established, but she became a nun at the convent of Andlau which she had founded.

September 19

Eustochius Sept 19
+ 461. The successor of St Brice as Bishop of Tours in France.

Felix and Constantia Sept 19
1st cent. Martyrs under Nero in Nocera near Naples in Italy.

Goeric (Abbo) Sept 19
+ 647. The successor of St Arnulf as Bishop of Metz in France.

Januarius (Gennaro) Sept 19
+ 304. Januarius, Bishop of Benevento in Italy, was beheaded, perhaps with others, at Pozzuoli under Diocletian. His relics were enshrined in Naples of which he became the patron-saint. The annual miracle of the liquefaction of his blood is famous.

Pomposa Sept 19
+ 835. A nun at Peñamelaria near Cordoba in Spain. She was beheaded by the Moors in Cordoba.

Sequanus (Seine, Sigo) Sept 19
+ c 580. A monk at Réomay and founder of a monastery in Segreste near Langres in France, which was later called Saint-Seine after him.

Theodore of Canterbury Sept 19
c 602-690. A Greek who was educated in Tarsus in Cilicia, he spent some time at Athens and became a monk in Rome. He was aged sixty-six when Pope Vitalian appointed him to Canterbury at the suggestion of the African St Adrian in 666. They travelled to England together, Adrian becoming Abbot of Sts Peter and Paul in Canterbury. Theodore is rightly called the second founder of Canterbury. He visited all parts of the country, consolidated or re-established dioceses, promoted learning and held the first national Council in Hertford in 672. St Theodore is one of the greatest figures in English history.

September 20

Agapitus I Sept 20 and April 22 (In the East Apr 17)
+ 536. Born in Rome, he was elected Pope of Rome in May 535 and reposed in Constantinople on April 22 536. As Pope he showed great strength of character in opposing Monophysitism. His relics were brought back to Rome on Sept 20, when he was commemorated a second time.

Candida Sept 20
+ c 300. A virgin-martyr in Carthage in North Africa under Maximian Herculeus.

Clicerius Sept 20
+ c 438. Bishop of Milan in Italy.

Eusebia Sept 20
+ c 731. Abbess of a convent in Marseilles in France. She was martyred with some forty nuns by the Saracens at Saint-Cyr.

Eustace, Theopistes, Agapitus and Theopistus Sept 20
+ 118. Eustace was an officer, Theopistes, his wife, and Agapitus and Theopistus, their two sons, were martyred in Rome under Hadrian. Eustace owed his conversion to a vision of a stag with a cross between its antlers, seen by him while hunting.

Glycerius Sept 20
+ c 438. Archbishop of Milan in Italy.

Vincent (Madelgarus) Sept 20
+ 677. Madelgarus was the husband of St Waldetrudis. They had four children, all saints: Landericus, Dentin, Madalberta and Aldegtrudis. About the year 653 she became a nun and Madelgarus became a monk with the name of Vincent in Haumont in Belgium which he had founded. Later he founded another monastery in Soignies, also in Belgium.

September 21

Alexander Sept 21
2nd cent. A bishop in the neighbourhood of Rome. His miracles attracted the attention of the people and he was arrested and martyred on the Claudian Way, some twenty miles from Rome. His relics were enshrined in Rome.

Gerulph Sept 21
+ c 746. Born in Flanders in Belgium, he was heir to a vast estate, but was treacherously murdered by a relative who hoped to succeed to his inheritance. He died with words of forgiveness on his lips.

Mabyn Sept 21
6th cent. Born either in Wales or else in Cornwall, he preached Christ with St Teilo.

Maura Sept 21
+ 850. A holy virgin in Troyes in France, she reposed at the age of twenty-three after a life of prayer and good works.

Pamphilus Sept 21
? A martyr in Rome.

September 22

Digna and Emerita Sept 22
+ c 259. Virgin-martyrs in Rome under Valerian. They died while standing before their judges in prayer. Their relics are enshrined in the church of St Marcellus in Rome.

Emmeramus (Haimhramm) Sept 22
+ c 690. Born in Poitiers in France, he moved to Bavaria in Germany where he became abbot of a monastery in Regensburg and then bishop there. He was later attacked by assassins and died from his wounds. His relics were enshrined in the monastery dedicated to him in Regensburg where he was venerated as a martyr.

Felix III Sept 22
+ 530. As Pope of Rome he is remembered for building the church of Sts Cosmas and Damian. He was greatly loved in Rome for his simplicity and generosity to the poor.

Florentius Sept 22
5th cent. Born in Bavaria in Germany, he was a disciple of St Martin of Tours, by whom he was ordained priest and sent to preach in Poitou in France. He eventually went to live as a hermit at Mt Glonne in Anjou, where he gained numerous disciples. He built a monastery for them later known as Saint-Florent-le-Vieux. He reposed there in extreme old age.

Jonas (Yon) Sept 22
3rd cent. A companion or disciple of St Dionysius of Paris in France, he was martyred there.

Lauto (Laudo, Laudus, Lô) Sept 22
+ c 568. Bishop of Coutances in France for forty years (528-568). His estate became the village of Saint-Lô.

Salaberga Sept 22
+ c 665. As a child she was healed of blindness by St Eustace of Lisieux in France. She married very young but her husband died after only two months. Her second husband was St Blandinus and she had five children, two of whom are venerated as saints. In later years husband and wife took up the monastic life, Salaberga in Poulangey. Later she founded the convent of St John the Baptist in Laon where she reposed.

Sanctinus Sept 22
+ c 300. By tradition the first Bishop of Meaux and a disciple of St Denis of Paris.

Silvanus Sept 22
? A saint venerated from ancient times in Levroux near Bourges in France.

Theban Legion Sept 22
+ c 287. The army of Maximinian Herculeus included a legion (6,600 men) of Christians recruited in Upper Egypt. When the Emperor marched his army across the Alps to suppress a revolt in Gaul, he camped near Agaunum in Switzerland and prepared for battle with public sacrifices. The Christian legion refused to take part and were as a result consequence decimated twice. When they still persevered in their refusal they were massacred. Among those who suffered were Maurice, Exuperius, Candidus, Vitalis, two Victors, Alexander (in Bergamo) and Gereon (in Cologne). A basilica was built in Agaunum, now St-Maurice-en-Valais to enshrine the relics of the martyrs.

September 23

Adamnan (Adam, Eunan) Sept 23
c 625-704. Born in Ireland, he became Abbot of Iona in Scotland in 679. He wrote the Life of St Columba.

Andrew, John, Peter, and Antony Sept 23
+ c 900. These saints were deported from Syracuse to North Africa by the Saracens, at that time masters of Sicily. There they were subjected to savage tortures and put to death.

Cissa Sept 23
Early 8th cent. A disciple of St Guthlac at Crowland in England..

Constantius Sept 23
6th cent. Sacristan of the ancient church of St Stephen in Ancona in Italy.

Linus Sept 23 (In the East Jan 4 and Nov 5)
+ c 79. The first Pope of Rome. A disciple of the Apostle Paul, he was one of the Seventy and is mentioned in 2 Timothy 4,21. He was Pope for twelve years (67-79) and is venerated as a martyr.

Paternus (Pair) Apr 16 and Sept 23
+ c 574 (or 563). Born in Poitiers in France, he became a monk at Ansion and later a hermit near Coutances. Eventually he became Bishop of Avranches.

September 24

Anathalon Sept 24
1st cent. The first Bishop of Milan in Italy, he was sent there by the Apostle Barnabas whose disciple he was. As first Bishop of Milan he preached Christ to the surrounding area, including Brescia, where he reposed.

Andochius, Thyrsus and Felix Sept 24
2nd cent. Andochius, a priest, and Thyrsus, a deacon in Smyrna, were sent to what is now France by St Polycarp. They settled in Autun where they converted their host, a rich merchant, by name Felix. All three were martyred and were venerated throughout Gaul.

Chuniald and Gislar Sept 24
7th cent. Born in Ireland, they enlightened the south of Germany and Austria with St Rupert of Salzburg.

Gerard Sagredo Sept 24
+ 1046. Apostle of Hungary, where he is venerated as St Collert. Born in Venice, he was a monk and Abbot of San Giorgio Maggiore. On a pilgrimage to Palestine he was stopped while travelling through Hungary by King Stephen and persuaded to stay. He became the first Bishop of Csanad. Gerard worked zealously, but during the pagan reaction after St Stephen he was martyred in Buda and his body was thrown into the Danube.

Geremarus (Germer) Sept 24
+ c 658. Born in Beauvais in the north of France, with the consent of his saintly wife he became a monk at the monastery of Pentale, where he later became abbot. He later lived as a hermit in a cave nearby. In 655 he founded the monastery of Flay, between Beauvais and Rouen, which became known as Saint-Germer.

Isarnus (Ysarn) of Toulouse Sept 24
+ 1048. Born in Marseilles in France, he became a monk and an abbot. He was famous for his charity, especially towards criminals.

Rusticus Sept 24
+ 446. Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne in France 426-446.

Ysarn Sept 24
+ 1048. Born near Toulouse in France, he became a monk and then Abbot of the monastery of St Victor in Marseilles, which flourished under him.

September 25

Anacharius (Aunacharius, Aunachaire, Aunaire) Sept 25
+ 604. Born near Orleans in France and educated at the court of King Guntram of Burgundy, he became Bishop of Auxerre in 561.

Aurelia and Neomisia Sept 25
? Born in Asia, they visited Palestine and Rome. They were maltreated by pagans in Capua in Italy, but escaped under cover of a thunderstorm. They took shelter in Macerata near Anagni, where they reposed.

Barr (Finbar, Barrocus) Sept 25
6th cent. Born in Connaught in Ireland, he became the first Bishop of Cork.

Caian Sept 25
5th cent. A church at Tregaian in Anglesey in Wales is dedicated to him.

Ceolfrid (Geoffrey) Sept 25
642-716. A Northumbrian who became a monk at Gilling in Yorkshire in England. From here he went to Ripon and later to Wearmouth. Eventually he became Abbot of Wearmouth-Jarrow for twenty-six years. He is remembered for inspiring St Bede and also producing the Codex Amiatinus, the oldest surviving copy of the Vulgate in one complete volume. He reposed at Langres in France on his way to Rome.

Egelred Sept 25
+ c 869. A monk at Crowland in England, he was martyred with his abbot and many others by the heathen Danes.

Ermenfridus Sept 25
+ c 670. A monk at Luxeuil in France. Later he founded the monastery of Cusance.

Firminus of Amiens Sept 25
4th cent. First Bishop of Amiens in France. He was born in Pampeluna in Spain and was converted by St Saturninus, Bishop of Toulouse.

Fymbert Sept 25
7th cent. A bishop in the west of Scotland.

Herculanus Sept 25
2nd cent. A soldier martyred in Rome.

Lupus of Lyons Sept 25
+ 542. A monk at a monastery near Lyons in France who became Archbishop there. He suffered much in the troubles which followed the death of St Sigismund, King of Burgundy.

Mewrog Sept 25
? A saint in Wales.

Principius Sept 25
+ c 505. The elder brother of St Remigius of Rheims. He became Bishop of Soissons in France.

Solemnis (Soleine) Sept 25
+ c 511. Bishop of Chartres in France c 490-511.

September 26

Amantius Sept 26
+ c 600. A priest in Città di Castello near Perugia in Italy, who was personally known to St Gregory the Great who revered him. He is the patron-saint of Città di Castello.

Colman Elo Sept 26
+ c 610. A nephew of St Columba, he founded monasteries in Lynally (Land-Elo, Lin-Alli) and in Muckamore in Ireland. He is credited as the author of the Alphabet of Devotion.

Eusebius of Bologna Sept 26
+ c 400. He became Bishop of Bologna in Italy in about 370. He was a close friend of St Ambrose of Milan and an ardent opponent of Arianism.

Meugant (Mawghan, Morgan) Sept 26
6th cent. A disciple of St Illtyd who lived as a hermit and reposed on the Isle of Bardsey in Wales. Several churches in Wales and Cornwall are dedicated to him.

Nilus the Younger Sept 26
+ 1004. After a carefree youth in the south of Italy, he became a monk at the monastery of St Adrian in Calabria, where he later became abbot. In 981 the invading Saracens drove the monks to Vellelucio, where they lived on land given to them by the monastery of Montecassino. Shortly before his repose, Nilus designated that as the place where his monastery was to be definitively established. This monastery, of Grottaferrata, was for long faithful to Orthodoxy.

Senator Sept 26
? A saint honoured in Albano in Italy.

Vigilius Sept 26
+ c 506. Bishop of Brescia in Lombardy in Italy.

September 27

Adhentus (Abderitus, Adery) Sept 27
+ 2nd cent. A Greek by birth, he succeeded St Apollinaris as Bishop of Ravenna in Italy. His relics are enshrined in the basilica of Classe near Ravenna.

Adolphus and John Sept 27
+ c 850. Two brothers born in Seville in Spain of a Moorish father and a Christian mother. They were martyred in Cordoba under Abderrahman II.

Barrog (Barrwg, Barnoch, Barry) Sept 27
7th cent. A disciple of St Cadoc of Wales, he left his name to Barry Island off the coast of Glamorgan, where he lived as a hermit.

Ceraunus (Ceran) Sept 27
+ c 614. Bishop of Paris in France.

Deodatus Sept 27
? A martyr in Sora in central Italy.

Fidentius and Terence Sept 27
? Martyrs venerated in Todi in central Italy.

Florentinus and Hilary Sept 27
? Two hermits martyred in France by barbarians.

Gaius of Milan Sept 27
1st cent. By tradition he was the first Bishop of Milan in Italy. Bishop for twenty-four years, he baptised the future martyr St Vitalis and his sons Sts Gervase and Protase.

Hiltrude Sept 27
+ c 790. A hermit near the monastery of Liessies in France.

Marcellus Sept 27
+ c 869. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at St Gall in Switzerland.

September 28

Annemond (Chamond) Sept 28
+ 657. Archbishop of Lyons in France, he was murdered in Châlon-sur-Saône.

Chamond (Annemond) Sept 28
+ 657. Archbishop of Lyons, murdered by the tyrant Ebroin.

Conwall (Conval) Sept 28
+ c 630. Born in Ireland, he was a disciple of St Kentigern and preached in Scotland.

Eustochium Sept 28
c 370-419. Born in Rome, she was the third daughter of St Paula. She joined her mother in Bethlehem and succeeded her mother as abbess of a convent in Bethlehem in 404.

Exuperius (Soupire) Sept 28
+ 411. Bishop of Toulouse in France, he was noted for his generosity in sending large contributions to the poor in Palestine and Egypt.

Faustus Sept 28
c 408-490. Born in Brittany, Faustus became a monk at Lérins in France and later abbot (433). In about 459 he became Bishop of Riez. He fought both Arianism and Pelagianism and was very influential, maintaining the Orthodox teaching of St Cassian.

Lioba Sept 28
+ c 781. A relative of St Boniface, St Lioba became a nun at Wimborne. In 748, at the request of St Boniface, she left England for Germany together with a group of nuns and became Abbess of Bischoffsheim. She was greatly loved by her nuns. St Lioba’s convents were one of the most important factors in the conversion of Germany.

Machan Sept 28
? Born in Scotland, he became a monk in Ireland.

Martial, Laurence and Companions Sept 28
? A group of twenty-two martyrs in North Africa.

Paternus Sept 28
2nd cent. Born in Bilbao in Spain, he was one of the earliest Bishops of Auch in France.

Privatus Sept 28
+ 223. A citizen of Rome scourged to death under Alexander Severus.

Silvinus Sept 28
+ 444. Bishop of Brescia in Italy.

Solomon (Salonius) Sept 28
+ c 269. First Bishop of Genoa in Italy.

Stacteus Sept 28
? A martyr in Rome.

Tetta Sept 28
+ c 772. Abbess of Wimborne in Dorset in England. She helped St Boniface by sending him nuns from her 500-strong convent, among whom were Sts Lioba and Thecla.

Wenceslas (Viacheslav) Sept 28
907-929. Prince of Czechia, he was brought up in the Orthodox Faith by his grandmother, the future martyr Ludmilla. During a pagan reaction in 922, which he tried to stop through patience and mildness, he too was martyred as a result of a political conspiracy. He is the patron-saint of Czechia.

Willigod and Martin Sept 28
+ ? c 690. Monks at Moyenmoutier in France who founded the monastery of Romont.

September 29

Alaricus (Adalricus, Adalrai) Sept 29
+ 975. Son of Duke Burkhard II of Swabia. A monk at Einsiedeln in Switzerland, eventually he became a hermit on the island of Uffnau in the lake of Zurich.

Catholdus, Anno and Diethardus Sept 29
+ late 8th cent. Three monks who preached the Gospel around Eichstätt in Germany.

Fratemus Sept 29
+ c 450. Bishop of Auxerre in France and by tradition a martyr.

Liutwin Sept 29
+ c 713. Founder of Mettlach in Germany and then Bishop of Trier.

Ludwin (Leodwin) Sept 29
+ 713. Born in Austrasia in the east of France, he married. Left a widower, he founded the monastery of Mettlach and became a monk. Later he became Bishop of Trier in Germany

September 30

Antoninus Sept 30
3rd cent. A soldier of the Theban Legion, martyred on the banks of the Trebbia near Piacenza in Italy. His blood, kept in a phial, has the same miraculous properties as that of St Januarius.

Enghenedl Sept 30
7th cent. A church in Anglesey in Wales was dedicated to him.

Honorius of Canterbury Sept 30
+ 653. Born in Rome, he succeeded St Justus as fifth Archbishop of Canterbury in England (627). He was consecrated bishop at Lincoln by St Paulinus and himself consecrated St Felix for East Anglia and St Ithamar, the first English bishop, for Rochester.

Jerome Sept 30
c 341-420. Eusebius Hieronymus Sophronius was born at Stridon in Dalmatia. He studied in Rome, travelled in Italy and Gaul, lived as a hermit in Palestine and then returned to Rome where he was ordained. He finally went back to Palestine and settled in Bethlehem. He spent the rest of his life translating and commenting on the Bible. The Orthodox Church accords him the title of Blessed.

Laurus (Lery) Sept 30
7th cent. Born in Wales, he went to Brittany and founded the monastery later called after him, Saint-Léry, on the River Doneff.

Leopardus Sept 30
+ 362. A servant or slave in the household of Julian the Apostate. His martyrdom probably took place in Rome.

Midan (Nidan) Sept 30
+ c 610. A saint on Anglesey in Wales.

Sophia Sept 30 (In the East Sept 17)
+ c 173. The mother of the virgin-martyrs Faith, Hope and Charity who were martyred in Rome under Hadrian. Three days later, while praying at their tomb, Sophia also reposed, martyred in her soul.

Tancred, Torthred and Tova Sept 30
+ 869. Two hermits and an anchoress martyred by the Danes at Thorney in England.

Victor and Ursus Sept 30
+ c 286. Two soldiers connected with the Theban Legion and venerated in Soleure in Switzerland.

October 1

Albaud (Aladius) Oct 1
+ c 520. Bishop of Toul in France. He built the church of St Aper (Epvre) who was his predecessor.

Aretas and Companions Oct 1
? St Aretas suffered in Rome with five hundred and four others.

Bavo Oct 1
c 589-654. Born in Brabant in Belgium, in his early years he lived badly. Left a widower, he was converted by St Amandus and founded the monastery of St Peter in Ghent (later called St Bavo’s) and became a monk there. Finally he lived as a hermit.

Dodo Oct 1
+ 750. Born near Laon in France, he became a monk at Lobbes in Belgium and eventually became Abbot of Wallers-en-Faigne.

Fidharleus Oct 1
+ 762. The restorer of the monastery of Rathin in Ireland.

Melorius Oct 1
? Born in Cornwall, he was venerated in Amesbury in Wiltshire in England and also in Quimper in Brittany.

Piaton (Piato, Piat) Oct 1
+ c 286. Born in Benevento in Italy, he enlightened the areas around Tournai in Belgium and Chartres in France. He was probably martyred in Tournai under Maximian.

Remigius Oct 1
+ c 533 (Jan 13). Called ‘the Apostle of the Franks’. A Gallo-Roman by birth, in 459 he was chosen to be Bishop of Rheims in France when he was still a layman. During the seventy-four years he was bishop he was the most influential prelate in Gaul, the culminating event of his life being the baptism of Clovis, King of the Franks, in 496.

Verissimus, Maxima and Julia Oct 1
+ c 302. Martyrs in Lisbon in Portugal under Diocletian. They have a full Mozarabic service.

Virila Oct 1
+ c 1000. Abbot of the monastery of the Saviour in Leyre in Spain.

October 2

Beregisus Oct 2
+ c 725. A priest who founded the monastery of Saint Hubert in the Ardennes in France.

Gerinus (Garinus, Werinus) Oct 2
+ 676. Brother of St Leodegarius (Leger) and like him persecuted by the tyrant Ebroin. He was stoned to death near Arras in the north of France.

Leodegarius (Leger) Oct 2
c 616-678. Nephew of the Bishop of Poitiers in France, in 653 he became Abbot of St Maxentius. In 659 he became Bishop of Autun. His connection with the court brought on him the fury of the tyrant Ebroin who had the saint imprisoned, blinded and finally murdered.

Leudomer (Lomer) Oct 2
+ c 585. Bishop of Chartres in France.

Ursicinus Oct 2
+ 760. Abbot of Dissentis in Switzerland, he became Bishop of Chur in 754.

October 3

Candidus Oct 3
? A martyr in Rome, buried on the Esquiline Hill.

Cyprian Oct 3
6th cent. A monk at St Victor at Marseilles and Bishop of Toulon in France.

Ewald the Fair and Ewald the Dark Oct 3
+ c 695. Two brothers born in Northumbria in England who became monks and priests and followed St Willibrord to Frisia in Holland. They were martyred together in Aplerbeck, now a suburb of Dortmund in Germany.

Froilan Oct 3
+ 1006. Born in Lugo in Spain, together with his companion Attilanus he helped restore monastic life at Moreruela in Castile. Later he became Bishop of Léon.

Gerard of Brogne Oct 3
+ 959. Born near Namur in Belgium, he went to France where he became a monk at St Denis. After some years he was ordained priest and left for Belgium in order to found a new monastery on his own estate at Brogne. He was Abbot here for twenty-two years and revived monastic life in Flanders, Lorraine and Champagne.

Maximian Oct 3
+ 404. A convert from Donatism, he became Bishop of Bagaia in Numidia in North Africa. Having deprived the Donatists of the basilica of Calvianum, he was grievously wounded and thrown off a tower by them.

Menna (Manna) Oct 3
+ c 395. A holy virgin from Lorraine in France, related to Sts Eucherius and Elaptius.

Utto Oct 3
c 750-820. Founder of the monastery of Metten in Bavaria in Germany.

Widradus (Waré) Oct 3
+ 747. Restorer of the monastery of Flavigny near Dijon in France, he also founded the monastery of Saulieu.

October 4

Aurea Oct 4
+ 666. A Syrian, she moved to France and became Abbess of St Martial in Paris, where she remained for thirty-three years.

Petronius Oct 4
? Probably the son of a prefect in France, he visited the monks in Palestine and prayed at the holy places. He became Bishop of Bologna in Italy and built the monastery of St Stephen there, reproducing the general lines of the buildings of the holy places in Jerusalem.

Quintius (Quentin) Oct 4
+ c 570. A citizen of Tours in France, he worked at the court of the Frankish king. The reigning queen tried to seduce him and had him assassinated at L’Indrois near Montresor.

October 5

Alexander Oct 5
3rd cent. One of the ‘innumerable multitude’ martyred in Trier in Germany under Diocletian.

Apollinaris (Aiplonay) Oct 5
+ c 520. Elder brother of St Avitus of Vienne in France, he became Bishop of Valence.

Attilanus Oct 5
c 939-1009. Born in Tarazona near Saragossa in Spain, he became a monk at Moreruela with St Froilan. The two dioceses of Le6n and Zamora vacant, Froilan was appointed to the former and Attilanus to the latter and they were consecrated together at Pentecost 990.

Aymard Oct 5
+ 965 He succeeded St Odo as Abbot of Cluny in France in 942. However, after about ten years he became blind and resigned his office to St Majolus, setting for all an example of resignation for the rest of his life.

Boniface Oct 5
c 287 One of the martyrs with St Palmatius and Companions in Trier in Germany.

Firmatus and Flaviana Oct 5
? Firmatus, a deacon, and Flaviana, a virgin, are venerated as martyrs in Auxerre in France.

Galla Oct 5
+ c 550. A lady in Rome who, as a widow, led the life of an anchoress on the Vatican Hill, where she died of breast cancer.

Magdalveus (Madalveus, Mauvé) Oct 5
+ c 776. Born in Verdun in France, he became a monk at St Vannes and later (c 736) Bishop of Verdun.

Marcellinus of Ravenna Oct 5
3rd cent. The second or third Bishop of Ravenna in Italy.

Meinulph Oct 5
+ c 859. He founded the monastery of Bödeken in Westphalia in Germany.

Palmatius and Companions Oct 5
+ c 287. Martyrs in Trier in Germany under Maximian Herculeus.

October 6

Aurea Oct 6
8th cent. A young girl from Amiens in France, she became a nun in Boves and eventually became the abbess of a large convent.

Ceollach Oct 6
? 7th cent. Born in Ireland, he became Bishop of the Mercians or Mid-Angles, before going to Iona and then returning to Ireland.

Cumine the White Feb 24 or Oct 6
+ 669. Born in Ireland, he became Abbot of Iona and wrote a life of St Columba.

Epiphania Oct 6
+ c 800. A nun at the convent of Santa Maria della Caccia in Pavia in Italy.

Faith (Foi) Oct 6
3rd cent. A holy virgin in Agen in the south of France, burnt to death under Maximian Herculeus. Her shrine in Conques is very famous.

Magnus Oct 6
+ c 660. Born in Venice in Italy, he became Bishop of Oderzo on the Adriatic and later of Heraclea.

Pardulf (Pardoux) Oct 6
c 658-38. Born in Sardent near Guéret in France, he became a hermit but then went to the monastery of Guéret where he became abbot. At the time of the Saracen invasion he remained alone in the monastery which he saved through his prayers.

Romanus of Auxerre Oct 6
+ ? 564. Bishop of Auxerre in France.

Trier (Martyrs of) Oct 6
+ 287. Innumerable martyrs were slain for Christ in divers ways in Trier in Germany during the persecution of Diocletian.

October 7

Adalgis Oct 7
c 850. Bishop of Novara in Italy c 830-c 850. He is buried in the church of San Gaudenzio.

Augustus Oct 7
6th cent. Abbot of Bourges in France and a friend of St Germanus of Paris. He is notable for discovering the relics of St Ursinus, Apostle of that region.

Canog (Cynog) Oct 7
+ c 492. Martyred by barbarians in Merthyr-Cynog. Several churches in Wales were dedicated to him.

Dubtach Oct 7
+ c 513. Archbishop of Armagh in Ireland from 497 to c 513.

Helanus Oct 7
6th cent. Born in Ireland, he went to France with nine other members of his family, six brothers and three sisters, and settled near Rheims. He became a priest and ministered there.

Justina Oct 7
+ c 300. A virgin-martyr in Padua in Italy under Diocletian.

Marcellus and Apuleius Oct 7
? Martyrs in Capua in Italy.

Mark Oct 7
+ 336. Born in Rome, he was chosen Pope in 336.

Osyth (Osith) Oct 7
+ c 700. Osyth was a princess of the Hwiccas in the west of England. She married Sighere, King of the East Saxons. Their son, the future St Offa, became King in 683, later abdicating. Osyth founded a convent, now St Osyth, on a creek of the River Colne in Essex.

Palladius Oct 7
+ c 590. Bishop of Saintes in France (570-c 590).

October 8

Amor (Amour) of Aquitaine Oct 8
9th cent. Born in Aquitaine, he lived as a hermit in Maastricht. He later founded the convent of Münsterbilsen near Liège in Belgium.

Badilo Oct 8
+ c 870. A monk at Vezelay in France, he became Abbot of Leuze in Hainault in Belgium.

Benedicta Oct 8
? A virgin-martyr in Laon in France.

Evodius Oct 8
5th cent. Bishop of Rouen in France.

Gratus Oct 8
+ c 652. Bishop of Châlons-sur-Saône in France.

Keyna (Keyne, Ceinwen) Oct 8
5th cent. Born in Wales, she lived as an anchoress in Cornwall. Some say that Keynsham in Somerset was named after her. A church in Cornwall is dedicated to her.

Palatias and Laurentia Oct 8
+ 302. Palatias was a lady of Ancona converted to Christ by her slave Laurentia. Both were martyred in Fermo near Ancona in Italy under Diocletian.

Peter of Seville Oct 8
? A martyr venerated in Seville in Spain.

Triduna (Tredwall, Trallen) Oct 8
8th century? A virgin connected with St Regulus in Scotland. Her shrine was a centre of devotion and pilgrimage.

Ywi (Iwi) Oct 8
+ c 690 A monk at Lindisfarne in England, he was ordained deacon by St Cuthbert. His relics were later translated to Wilton near Salisbury.

October 9

Denis, Rusticus and Eleutherius Oct 9
+ c 250. According to St Gregory of Tours, Denis, or Dionysius, was born in Italy and sent with five other bishops to Gaul: he became the first Bishop of Paris. He and his two companions were beheaded under Decius and the monastery of St Denis was built over their tomb.

Deusdedit Oct 9
+ 836. A monk at Montecassino in Italy, he was chosen abbot about the year 830 and was noted for his almsgiving. To extort money from him, a tyrant ill-treated and imprisoned him. He died in prison of hunger and misery and was venerated as a martyr.

Domninus (Donnino) Oct 9
+ 304. Born in Parma in Italy, while fleeing his persecutors, he was overtaken and beheaded on the Via Claudia or Aemilia. This was a few miles outside Parma at a place now called Borgo San Donnino after him, where his relics are venerated.

Geminus Oct 9
+ ? 815. A monk at Sanpaterniano de Fano in Umbria in Italy. He is the patron-saint of San Gemini.

Gislenus (Ghislain, Guislain) Oct 9
+ 680. A hermit who lived in the forest in Hainault in Belgium where several disciples gathered around him. He built the monastery of Sts Peter and Paul, now Saint-Ghislain near Mons, where he was abbot for thirty years.

Gunther Oct 9
955-1045. A cousin of St Stephen of Hungary. He began life full of worldly ambition, but was brought to better ways by St Godehard of Hildesheim and became a monk at Niederaltaich in Bavaria. His ambitious nature asserted itself once more and he became Abbot of Göllingen but proved a failure. Made wise by experience, he went to live as a hermit for twenty-eight years in the mountains of Bakory in Hungary.

Lambert and Valerius (Bellère, Beriher) Oct 9
+ c 680. Disciples of St Gislenus in Belgium and the north of France.

Sabinus (Savin) Oct 9
+ c? 820 Venerated as one of the Apostles of the Lavedan in the Pyrenees in France.

October 10

Aldericus (Aldric, Audri) Oct 10
790-841. Born in the Gatinais in France, he became a monk at Ferrières. The Archbishop of Sens took him into his clergy and he became Archbishop himself in 828.

Cassius, Florentius and Companions Oct 10
+ 303. Martyrs under the Emperor Maximian Herculeus in Bonn in Germany.

Cerbonius Oct 10
+ ? c 400. Bishop of Verona in Italy.

Cerbonius Oct 10
+ c 580. One of the bishops in North Africa driven from their sees by the Arian Vandals. He settled at Piombino in Tuscany in Italy and was a bishop there.

Clarus Oct 10
3rd century? Bishop of Nantes in France.

Fulk Oct 10
+ 845. The twenty-first Abbot of Fontenelle in France.

Gereon Oct 10
3rd cent.? A soldier martyred in Germany, either in Xanten or else in Bonn.

Patrician Oct 10
5th cent. A bishop in Scotland who was driven out by heathen and spent the remainder of his life on the Isle of Man.

Paulinus of Capua Oct 10
+ 843. A pilgrim, perhaps from England, who stayed in Capua in Italy and was forced by the inhabitants to become their bishop. After an episcopate of eight years he reposed in Sicopolis where he had fled during the invasion of the Saracens.

Paulinus of York Oct 10
+ 644. Born in Rome, he was sent to England with Sts Mellitus and Justus (601) to help St Augustine. He spent twenty-four years in Kent and in 625 was consecrated Bishop of York and sent to enlighten Northumbria, where he baptised King Edwin in York. After the King’s martyrdom, he returned to Kent, where he became Bishop of Rochester.

Tanca Oct 10
+ c 637. A young girl near Troyes in France who was martyred defending her virginity.

Victor and Companions Oct 10
+ c 286. A group of three hundred and thirty soldiers connected with the Theban Legion in Switzerland.

October 11

Agilbert (Aglibert) Oct 11
+ c 685. A monk at Jouarre in France with Abbot Ado. He went to England and preached in Wessex. When he returned to France, he became Bishop of Paris. He was buried at Jouarre, where his tomb is still preserved.

Ansilio Oct 11
+ late 7th cent. A monk whose relics were enshrined at the monastery of Lagny in the north of France.

Bruno Oct 11
c 925-965. Sometimes called ‘the Great’, in 953 he became Bishop of Cologne in Germany.

Emilian Oct 11
? According to tradition a hermit in Rennes in Brittany.

Ethelburgh (Ethelburga) Oct 11
+ c 675. Sister of St Erconwald of London, who helped found the convent of Barking in Essex where she became abbess.

Eufridus Oct 11
7th cent. A monk near Asti in Italy, whose relics were venerated in the Cathedral of Alba in Piedmont.

Firminus of Uzès Oct 11
+ 553. Born in Narbonne in the south of France, he became Bishop of Uzès.

Germanus of Besançon Oct 11
+ c 390. He followed St Desideratus as Bishop of Besançon in France and by tradition was martyred by Arians.

Gratus Oct 11
+ c 506. The first bishop of Oloron in the south of France.

Gummarus (Gomer) Oct 11
c 717-774. After long and patient endurance of worldly perversity, he reposed as a hermit. The present town of Lierre (Lier) in Belgium grew up around his hermitage.

Juliana of Pavilly Oct 11
+ c 750. A servant girl who became a nun and then abbess at Pavilly in France.

Kenneth (Canice, Cainnech, Kenny) Oct 11
c 525-c 599. Born in the north of Ireland, he was a disciple of St Finian of Clonard and St Cadoc in Wales. He founded the monastery of Agahaboe and perhaps of Kilkenny, which is named after him. He later preached in Scotland where he was the first to build a church in the place now known as St Andrews.

Placidia Oct 11
+ c 460. A holy virgin venerated in Verona in Italy.

October 12

Edistius Oct 12
+ c 303. A martyr in Ravenna in Italy under Diocletian.

Edwin Oct 12
+ 633. In 616 he became King of Northumbria in England, married Ethelburgh of Kent and was baptised by St Paulinus. He fell in battle at Hatfield Chase fighting against pagan Mercians and Welsh and was venerated as a martyr.

Evagrius, Priscian and Companions Oct 12
? A group of martyrs either in Rome or else in Syria.

Felix and Cyprian Oct 12
+ c 484. Two bishops in North Africa, leaders of a great multitude of Orthodox – the number of four thousand nine hundred and sixty-six is usually given- driven to starvation and death in the Sahara Desert by the Arian Vandal King, Hunneric.

Fiace (Fiech) Oct 12
5th cent. A bishop in Ireland, friend and disciple of St Patrick, in whose honour he wrote a hymn which still exists.

Herlindis and Relindis Oct 12
+ c 745 and 750. Daughters of Count Adelard who built the convent of Maaseyk on the Meuse in Belgium for them. Here they became respectively first and second abbesses.

Martin of Tours Nov 11 (In the East Oct 12)
c 316-397. Born in Upper Pannonia (now Hungary), he was the son of a Roman officer. At the age of fifteen he enrolled in the imperial cavalry. In Amiens in France, where he was posted, he cut his cloak in half and gave his own half to a beggar. This beggar turned out to be Christ. This led to his baptism. He left the army and placed himself in the hands of St Hilary, Bishop of Poitiers, living for ten years as a hermit and founding a monastery in Ligugé. In 372 he was made Bishop of Tours, but he accepted the office with great reluctance. Founding another monastic centre in Marmoutier, he continued to live as a monk, while publicly he devoted himself to his episcopal duties. He opposed Arianism and Priscillianism, but befriended Priscillianists when they were persecuted by the civil authorities. He was the greatest monk in the West of the age and hundreds of churches were dedicated to him. His shrine in Tours was and still is a resort of Orthodox pilgrims.

Maximilian Oct 12
+ 284. Born in Noricum, between the Inn and the Danube, in Austria. As bishop, he founded the church of Lorsch near Passau and was martyred in Cilli in Styria under Numerian.

Monas Oct 12
+ 249. Bishop of Milan in Italy from 193 for fifty-six years. He lived through several persecutions.

Pantalus Oct 12
? Bishop of Basle in Switzerland.

Salvinus Oct 12
+ 562. Bishop of Verona in Italy. His relics are enshrined in St Stephen’s church there.

Wilfrid Oct 12
633-709. Born in Ripon in England, he became a monk at Lindisfarne. After a short stay in Canterbury he went to France and Rome (653-657). On his return to Northumbria he founded the monastery of Ripon and in 668 played a leading part in the Council of Whitby. The rest of his life was occupied with journeys and missionary work among the Frisians and in Sussex. His zeal made him an important if controversial figure.

October 13

Berthoald Oct 13
7th cent. Fifth bishop of Cambrai Arras in France.

Colman of Stockerau Oct 13
+ 1012. Born in Ireland, he was going through Austria on his way to the Holy Land, when he was arrested as a spy, tortured and hanged with evildoers in Stockerau near Vienna. Miracles were worked by his relics and he was venerated as a saint. He is honoured as one of the patron-saints of Austria.

Comgan Oct 13
8th cent. Born in Ireland, he was the brother of St Kentigern. He became a monk in Scotland and was buried on Iona.

Faustus, Januarius and Martial Oct 13
+ 304. Martyrs in Cordoba in Spain under Diocletian and called ‘The Three Crowns of Cordoba’.

Fyncana and Fyndoca Oct 13
? Two martyrs in Scotland.

Gerald of Aurillac Oct 13
855-909. Gerald, Count of Aurillac in France, led virtuous life as a layman. He founded a monastery on his estate and endowed it. He is the patron-saint of Upper Auvergne.

Regimbald (Reginbald, Regimbaut) Oct 13
+ 1039. A monk at the monastery of Sts Ulric and Afra in Augsburg in Germany. In 1015 he moved to the monastery of Edersberg. In 1022 he became Abbot of Lorsch and later founded the monastery of Heiligenberg and in 1032 he became Bishop of Speyer.

Romulus Oct 13
+ c 641. Bishop of Genoa in Italy. He reposed at the coastal town of Matuziano, since renamed San Remo after him.

Simbert (Simpert, Sinthert) Oct 13
+ c 809. A monk and Abbot of Murbach near Colmar in Alsace in France. In 778 he became Bishop of Augsburg in Germany

Venantius Oct 13
5th cent. Abbot of the monastery of St Martin in Tours in France.

October 14

Angadresima (Angadrisma, Angadreme) Oct 14
+ c 695. A cousin of St Lambert of Lyons and a nun at Fontenelle in France. Eventually she became Abbess of Oröer-des-Vierges near Beauvais.

Bernard of Arce Oct 14
9th cent. Perhaps born in England, he went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land and Rome but stayed there to live as a hermit in Arpino in Italy. His relics are enshrined in Rocca d’Arce.

Burchard Oct 14
+ c 754. Born in England, he went to Germany with St Boniface (c 732). He became Bishop of Würzburg and founded several monasteries, of which the most important was St Andrew’s, later named after him.

Callistus I Oct 14
+ c 222. A Greek slave in Rome, he was ordained deacon by Pope Zephyrinus, whom he succeeded in 217. He condemned Sabellianism and other heresies, but was forgiving and tolerant to those whom rigorists regarded as sinners. As a deacon he had cared for the cemetery on the Appian Way, which is known by his name. He was probably martyred in Todi in Italy.

Donatian (Donas) Oct 14
+ 390. Born in Rome, he became Bishop of Rheims in France from 360 to 390. His relics were translated to Bruges in Belgium in the ninth century and he has since been venerated as the patron-saint of Bruges.

Fortunatus of Todi Oct 14
+ 537. A Bishop of Todi in Italy, who saved the city from being sacked by Totila the Goth.

Gaudentius of Rimini Oct 14
+ 360. Born in Asia Minor, he became Bishop of Rimini in Italy in 346. He suffered much at the hands of the Arians who dominated the Council of 357 and he was martyred by them.

Justus of Lyons Sept 2 and Oct 14
+ 390. A deacon in Vienne who became Bishop of Lyons in France in 350. In 381 he attended the Council of Aquileia and then went to Egypt and lived as a hermit.

Manakus (Manaccus) Oct 14
6th cent. Abbot of Holyhead in Wales, he was connected with St Cuby. He appears to have reposed in Cornwall and Manaccan (Minster) near Falmouth is said to owe its name to him.

Manehildis (Ménéhould) Oct 14
+ c 490. Born in Perthois in France, she was the youngest of seven sisters, all of whom are honoured as saints in various parts of Champagne. She is the patroness of Sainte-Ménéhould.

Menehould Oct 14
5th cent. Patron-saint of the town in France which is named after her. Her five sisters were also honoured as saints.

Rusticus Oct 14
+ 574. Bishop of Trier in Germany. He resigned to live at the hermitage of St Goar.

October 15

Agileus Oct 15
+ c 300. He was martyred in Carthage in North Africa, but his relics were later translated to Rome.

Antiochus (Andeol) Oct 15
5th cent. When St Justus, Bishop of Lyons in France, joined the hermits in Egypt, the priest Antiochus was sent to seek him out and persuade him to return to his diocese. The priest’s efforts were in vain and on his return to Lyons he was himself chosen bishop.

Aurelia Oct 15
+ 1027. A princess who lived for fifty-five years as an anchoress in Strasbourg in France.

Bruno-Boniface June 19 and Oct 15
+ 1009. Born in Querfurt in Germany, he accompanied the half-Greek Emperor Otto III to Italy in 996 and became a monk there. He became Archbishop of Mersburg and was sent to enlighten the heathen Prussians. He was martyred with eighteen companions.

Callistus Oct 15
+ 1003. Born in Huesca in Spain, together with St Mercutialis he went to France and was killed by the Saracens.

Cannatus Oct 15
5th cent. Bishop of Marseilles in France after St Honoratus.

Fortunatus Oct 15
+ ? 537. A martyr in Rome.

Leonard of Vandoeuvre Oct 15
+ c 570. A hermit who founded Vandoeuvre, now Saint-Leonard-aux-Bois, near Le Mans in France

Odilo Oct 15
+ c 954. A monk at Gorze in Lorraine in France, in 945 he became Abbot of Stavelot-Malmédy in Belgium.

Sabinus Oct 15
+ c 760 Bishop of Catania in Sicily. After a few years as bishop he resigned and became a hermit.

Severus Oct 15
+ c 455. Born in France, he was a disciple of St Germanus of Auxerre and St Lupus of Troyes. He accompanied St Germanus to Britain to oppose the Pelagian heresy. He preached the Gospel to the Germans on the lower Moselle and became Bishop of Trier in Germany (446-c 455).

Thecla Oct 15
+ c 790. A nun at Wimborne in England, she went to Germany with St Lioba. She became the first Abbess of Ochsenfürt and then of Kitzingen on the Main.

Willa Oct 15
+ c 1050. A nun at Nonnberg near Salzburg in Austria who reposed as an anchoress.

October 16

Africa, Martyrs of North-West Africa Oct 16
Two hundred and twenty Christians martyred on this day.

Ambrose Oct 16
+ c 752. The thirteenth Bishop of Cahors in France who later lived as a hermit. After a pilgrimage to Rome, he reposed at what is now called Saint-Ambroise-sur-Arnon in Berry.

Balderic (Baudry) Oct 16
7th cent. He and his sister, St Bova, were children of Sigebert I, King of Austrasia in the east of France. He founded the monastery of Montfaucon and a convent in Rheims where his sister became a nun.

Baldwin (Baudoin) Oct 16
+ c 680. Son of St Salaberga and brother of St Anstrude, Abbess of Laon in France. He was murdered, which led to his veneration as a martyr.

Bercharius Oct 16
+ 696. A monk at Luxeuil and first Abbot of Hautvilliers. St Bercharius founded two monasteries, Moutier-en-Der for monks, and Puellemoutier for nuns. He was fatally stabbed by an evildoer and died forgiving his murderer. He was venerated as a martyr.

Bolonia Oct 16
+ 362. A holy virgin aged fifteen and martyred under Julian the Apostate. She left her name to the village of Saint Boulogne in Maine in France.

Conogan Oct 16
+ 460. The successor of St Corentin as Bishop of Quimper in Brittany.

Dulcidius (Dulcet, Doucis) Oct 16
+ c 450. Successor of St Phoebadius as Bishop of Agen in France.

Eliphius (Eloff) Oct 16
+ 362. Born in Ireland, he was martyred in Toul in France under Julian the Apostate. In the tenth century his relics were translated to Cologne in Germany.

Eremberta Oct 16
Late 7th cent. Niece of St Wulmar and first Abbess of Wierre in France which convent Wulmar had built for her.

Florentinus of Trier Oct 16
4th cent. The successor of St Severinus as Bishop of Trier in Germany.

Gall Oct 16
c 550-645. A monk at Bangor in Ireland, he accompanied St Columbanus to France where he helped found Luxeuil. He was exiled and settled in Switzerland where the monastery and town of Saint Gall later grew up. He is venerated as one of the Apostles of Switzerland.

Junian Oct 16
5th cent. A hermit in Commodoliacus – now Saint-Junien, near Limoges in France.

Lull Oct 16
+ 787. A monk at Malmesbury in England and a relative of St Boniface, he went to Germany and in 751 St Boniface consecrated him bishop. After his master’s martyrdom he took his place. He founded several monasteries.

Magnobodus (Mainboeuf) Oct 16
+ c 670. Bishop of Angers in France.

Martinian, Saturian and Companions Oct 16
+ 458. Four brothers, reduced to slavery in the house of an Arian Vandal in Mauretania in North Africa. The four brothers were martyred under Genseric by being dragged by horses.

Mummolin (Mommolinus) Oct 16
+ c 686. Born in Constance in Switzerland, he became a monk at Luxeuil in France and was eventually sent to St Omer and made Abbot of the Old Monastery (now Saint Mommolin). From there he became Abbot of Sithin, founded by his friend St Bertinus. Finally in 660 he was made Bishop of Noyon-Tournai in Belgium.

Saturninus, Nereus and Companions Oct 16
+ 450. A group of some three hundred and sixty-five martyrs who suffered in North Africa under the Vandal King Genseric.

Vitalis (Vial) Oct 16
+ c 740. Born in England, he became a monk at Noirmoutier in France and afterwards a hermit on Mt Scobrit near the Loire.

October 17

Anstrudis (Austrude, Austru) Oct 17
+ 688. Daughter of Sts Blandinus and Salaberga, the founders of the convent of St John the Baptist in Laon. Mother and daughter were successively the first two abbesses. She had much to suffer at the hands of Ebroin, the oppressor of all the saints of that age.

Berarius Oct 17
+ c 680. Bishop of Le Mans in France.

Colman of Kilroot Oct 17
6th cent. A disciple of St Ailbe of Emly and Bishop of Kilroot near Carrickfergus in Ireland.

Ethelbert and Ethelred Oct 17
+ 640. Great-grandsons of St Ethelbert of Kent, cruelly put to death at Eastry near Sandwich in England.

Florentius of Orange Oct 17
+ c 526. The eighth Bishop of Orange in the south of France.

Ignatius of Antioch Oct 17
+ c 107. Called ‘the God-bearer’. Bishop of Antioch for forty years, he was taken to Rome by order of Trajan and was thrown to the wild beasts in the amphitheatre. On his way to Rome he wrote seven letters which survive. His relics are in St Peter’s in Rome.

Louthiern Oct 17
6th cent. Born in Ireland, he is the patron-saint of St Ludgran in Cornwall.

Nothelm Oct 17
+ 739. Eleventh Archbishop of Canterbury and a friend of St Bede and St Boniface.

Regulus (Rule) Oct 17
? 4th cent. By tradition an abbot who brought relics of St Andrew from Greece to Scotland, leading to St Andrew’s adoption as the patron-saint of Scotland..

Solina Oct 17
+ c 290. Born in Gascony in France, she escaped to Chartres to avoid marriage to a pagan. She was beheaded in Chartres.

Victor Oct 17
+ 554. Consecrated Bishop of Capua in Italy in 541 and a prolific writer.

October 18

Brothen and Gwendolen Oct 18
? 6th cent. St Brothen is the patron-saint of Llanbrothen in Wales. Dolwyddelen and Llanwyddelan are named after St Gwendolen.

Gwen Oct 18
+ c 492. A holy woman murdered by heathen in Talgarth in Wales.

Gwen Oct 18
5th cent. Sister of St Nonna and aunt of St David of Wales. She is also said to have been the mother of Sts Cyby and Cadfan.

Justus of Beauvais Oct 18
+ 287. A child-martyr aged nine, he was venerated in Beauvais in France.

Monon Oct 18
c 645. Born in Scotland, he lived as a hermit in the Ardennes. He was murdered by evildoers in Nassogne in Belgium.

Tryphonia Oct 18
3rd cent. A widow martyred in Rome.

October 19

Altinus (Attinus) Oct 19
4th cent? Founder of the churches of Orleans and Chartres in France and perhaps a martyr.

Aquilinus Oct 19
c 620-695. Born in Bayeux in France, he and his wife agreed to live by good works. They went to Evreux and Aquilinus was soon made bishop there. However, he managed to live more as a hermit than a pastor.

Desiderius Oct 19
+ c 705. A monk at Lonrey and a disciple of St Sigiranus, he became a hermit in La Brenne near Bourges in France.

Ednoth (Eadnot) Oct 19
+ 1016. A monk at Worcester and Abbot of Ramsey in England. In 1006 he became Bishop of Dorchester. He was killed by the Danes and is sometimes called a martyr.

Ethbin Oct 19
+ c 600. Born in Britain, he was a disciple of St Samson in Brittany. Ordained deacon, he served at the monastery of Taurac until it was destroyed by the Franks. He then went to Ireland and led the life of a hermit near Kildare.

Eusterius Oct 19
5th cent. Fourth Bishop of Salerno in Italy.

Frideswide Oct 19
+ c 680-735. Daughter of a prince of the Upper Thames, she founded a convent dedicated to the Virgin on the site of what is now Christchurch in Oxford. From childhood she took as her maxim ‘Whatever is not God is nothing’. She is the patron-saint of Oxford.

Laura Oct 19
+ 864. Born in Cordoba, in Spain, as a widow she became a nun at Cuteclara. Condemned as a Christian by the Moors she was thrown into a cauldron of molten lead.

Lupus of Soissons Oct 19
+ c 540. A nephew of St Remi of Rheims who became Bishop of Soissons in France.

Ptolemy and Lucius Oct 19
+ c 165. Martyrs in Rome under Antoninus Pius. Ptolemy was put to death for instructing a woman in the Orthodox Faith. One Lucius and an unnamed man protested against the injustice of the sentence and were also martyred. Their story was written down by St Justin Martyr, their contemporary.

Theofrid (Theofroy, Chaifre) Oct 19
+ 728. Born in Orange in the south of France, he became monk and Abbot of Carmery-en-Velay (Monastier-Saint-Chaffre). He died at the hands of invading Saracens and has been venerated as a martyr ever since.

Veranus Oct 19
+ 590. Born in Vaucluse in France, he became Bishop of Cavaillon.

October 20

Acca Oct 20
c. 660-742. A disciple of St Bosa of York in England and St Wilfrid and a companion of the latter in his travels. He became Abbot of St Andrew’s in Hexham and in 709 he succeeded Wilfrid as bishop there. He was described by Bede as ‘great in the sight of God and man’.

Aderald Oct 20
+ 1004. Born in Troyes in France, he went on pilgrimage to Palestine, returned with many holy relics and built the monastery of the Holy Sepulchre at Samblières.

Aidan Oct 20
+ 768. A bishop in Mayo in Ireland.

Bernard of Bagnorea (of Castro) Oct 20
+ c 800. Born in Bagnorea, he became Bishop of Vulcia in Tuscany in Italy.

Bradan and Orora (Crora) Oct 20
? Two saints venerated in the Isle of Man.

Caprasius Oct 20
+ 303. Born in Agen in the south of France, he hid during the persecution of Diocletian, but hearing of the courage of St Faith, confessed his faith openly and was at once beheaded.

Felician Jan 24 and Oct 20
+ 251. Born in Foligno in Italy, he was consecrated bishop and cared for his diocese for over fifty years, enlightening the whole of Umbria. He was arrested under Decius and died on his way to martyrdom in Rome.

Irene Oct 20
+ c 653. A nun in Portugal, honoured especially in Santarem.

Martha, Saula and Companions Oct 20
? Martyrs in Cologne in Germany.

Maximus of Aquila Oct 20
+ c 250. A zealous deacon of Aquila in the south of Italy, who was martyred by being thrown off an overhanging cliff near his native city during the persecution of Decius. He is venerated as the patron-saint of Aquila.

Sindulf of Rheims Oct 20
+ 660. Born in Gascony, he lived as a hermit in Aussonce near Rheims in France.

Vitalis Oct 20
+ 745. St Rupert’s successor as Abbot of St Peter’s in Salzburg and Archbishop (717-745).

October 21

Asterius Oct 21
+ c 223. A Roman priest with Pope Callistus, whose body he secretly buried. For this reason he was cast into the Tiber at Ostia by order of the Emperor Alexander. Orthodox Christians recovered his body and buried it in Ostia where it is now enshrined in the Cathedral.

Cilinia Oct 21
+ c 458. The mother of St Principius, Bishop of Soissons and St Remigius, Bishop of Rheims. She reposed in Laon in France.

Condedus (Condé, Condède) Oct 21
+ c 690. Born in England, he became a hermit at Fontaine-de-Saint-Valéry in the north of France. On hearing of the monastery of Fontenelle, he became a monk there and later preached Christ while living on an island in the Seine near Caudebec.

Finian (Fintan Munnu) Oct 21
+ c 635. A disciple of St Columba at Iona, he later founded the monastery of Taghmon in Co. Wexford in Ireland. In Scotland he is called St Mundus. He bore a terrible skin disease with great patience.

Hugh of Ambronay Oct 21
9th-l0th cent. Third Abbot of Ambronay near Belley in France.

Maurontus Oct 21
+ c 804. Abbot of St Victor at Marseilles, he became bishop of the same city in c 767.

Tuda Oct 21
+ 664. An monk from Ireland who succeeded St Colman as Bishop of Lindisfarne in England. He died of the plague within the first year of his appointment.

Ursula and Companions Oct 21
4th cent.? Early and famous virgin-martyrs in Cologne in Germany.

Viator Oct 21
+ c 390. A disciple of St Justus, Archbishop of Lyons in France, whom he accompanied to live as a hermit.

Wendolinus (Wendelinus, Wendel) Oct 21
+ 7th century. A shepherd who was famous for his holiness and is venerated at St Wendel on the Nahe in the west of Germany.

October 22

Benedict of Macerae Oct 22
+ 845. A Greek abbot who fled from Petras and settled in Macerac near Nantes in France.

Bertharius Oct 22
+ c 884. Of the royal house of France, he became a monk at Montecassino in Italy and became abbot in 856. While kneeling in prayer he was martyred together with several of his monks by invading Saracens.

Donatus of Fiesole Oct 22
+ 874. Born in Ireland, he went on pilgrimage to Rome and became Bishop of Fiesole near Florence in Italy.

Maroveus Oct 22
+ c 650. A monk at Bobbio and founder of the monastery of Precipiano near Tortona in Italy.

Mellon Oct 22
+ 314. By tradition born near Cardiff in Wales, he became the first Bishop of Rouen in France.

Moderan (Moderamnus, Moran) Oct 22
+ c 730. Born in Rennes in Brittany, he became bishop there in 703. About the year 720 he made a pilgrimage to Rome and ended his days as a hermit in Berceto in Italy.

Nepotian Oct 22
+ c 388. Bishop of Clermont in France (386-c 388).

Nunctus (Noint) Oct 22
+ 668. Abbot of a monastery near Mérida in the west of Spain. He was murdered by robbers and venerated as a martyr.

Nunilo and Alodia Oct 22
+ 851. Two sisters born in Adahuesca in Huesca in Spain. Daughters of a Muslim father and Christian mother, they were raised as Christians. After the death of their father, their mother married another Muslim, who brutally persecuted them and had them imprisoned. They were finally beheaded in Huesca during the persecution of Abderrahman II.

Philip Oct 22
+ c 270. Bishop and martyr of Fermo in Italy, his relics are enshrined in the Cathedral.

Simplicius Oct 22
+ c 570. A disciple of St Benedict and third Abbot of Montecassino.

Verecundus Oct 22
+ 522. Bishop of Verona in Italy.

October 23

Amo (Amon) Oct 23
4th cent. Second Bishop of Toul in France, the successor of St Mansuetus.

Benedict of Sebaste Oct 23
+ c 654. Bishop of Sebaste in Samaria, he escaped to Gaul during the persecution of Julian the Apostate. He built a hermitage near Poitiers in France which later became the monastery of St Benedict of Quincay.

Clether (Cleer, Clydog, Scledog, Clitanus or Cleodius) Oct 23
+ c 520. He left Wales and went to Cornwall. He is recalled by several church dedications, for instance St Clear near Liskeard.

Domitius Oct 23
8th cent. An hermit near Amiens in France.

Elfleda (Aelflead) Oct 23
+ c 936. A princess who lived as an anchoress in Glastonbury in England. She was revered by St Dunstan.

Ethelfleda (Elfleda) Oct 23
+ c 970. Daughter of Earl Ethelwold, founder of Romsey in England, she became a nun there and eventually abbess after St Merewenna.

John of Syracuse Oct 23
+ c 609. Bishop of Syracuse in Sicily from 595 until c 609.

Leothadius (Léothade) Oct 23
+ 718. Of noble family, Léothade became a monk and Abbot of Moissac in the south of France. Later he became Bishop of Auch.

Oda Oct 23
+ c 723. A princess married to the Duke of Aquitaine in France. As a widow she devoted herself to the care of the poor and suffering. Her shrine is in Amay in Belgium.

Romanus of Rouen Oct 23
+ 639. Bishop of Rouen. He devoted himself to the care of prisoners, particularly those condemned to death, and he also preached actively against paganism.

Servandus and Germanus Oct 23
+ c 305. By tradition sons of St Marcellus of Léon in Spain. They were martyred in Cadiz while on their way to Tangiers under arrest.

Severinus (Seurin) Oct 23
+ c 420. Bishop of Bordeaux in France c 405-420.

Severinus Boethius Oct 23
c 480-524. The statesman and philosopher Anicius Manlius Torquatus Severinus Boethius was the author of De Consolatione Philosophiae. About the year 534 he fell into disfavour with the barbarian king and was martyred at Pavia in Italy. His relics are enshrined at the Cathedral of Pavia.

Severinus Oct 23
+ c 403. Born in Bordeaux in France, he became Bishop of Cologne in Germany and was a prominent opponent of Arianism.

Syra Oct 23
+ c 660. A nun at Faremoutiers in France, from where she was asked by Bishop Ragneboldus to become Abbess of Châlons-sur-Marne.

Verus Oct 23
4th cent. Third Bishop of Salerno in Italy.

October 24

Cadfarch Oct 24
6th cent. A disciple of St Iltyd, he founded churches in Penegoes and Abererch in Wales.

Evergislus (Ebregesilus) Oct 24
? 5th cent. A Bishop of Cologne in Germany, martyred by heathen robbers.

Felix (Africanus), Audactus (Adauctus), Januarius, Fortunatus and Septimus Oct 24
+ 303. Felix was a Bishop of Thibiuca in North Africa, martyred with others for refusing to deliver up the sacred books. He was one of the first victims of Diocletian.

Fromundus Oct 24
+ c 690. Monk, Abbot and then Bishop of Coutances in France.

Maglorius (Maelor) Oct 24
+ c 575. Maglorius was born in south Wales but went to Brittany with St Samson. Here they became abbots of two monasteries, St Samson at Dol and St Maglorius at Lammeur. St Samson became Bishop of Dol and on his repose was succeeded by St Maglorius, who finally crossed to the Channel Islands and built a monastery on Sark where he reposed.

Marcius (Mark, Martin) Oct 24
+ c 679. A hermit at Montecassino in Italy. He lived in a cave on Mount Massicus (Mondragone) where he reposed.

Martin of Vertou Oct 24
+ 601. Founder of the monastery of Vertou near Nantes in France, also of Saint-Jouin-de-Marnes and other monasteries.

October 25

Crispin and Crispinian Oct 25
+ c 285. Two brothers, shoemakers by trade, who were beheaded in Soissons in France under Diocletian. They are the patron-saints of shoemakers.

Cyrinus Oct 25
3rd cent. A martyr in Rome under Diocletian.

Dulcardus Oct 25
+ 584. A monk at Micy (Saint-Mesmin) in Orleans in France and then a hermit near Bourges, where the village of Saint-Doulchard still exists.

Fronto and George Oct 25
3rd century? Apostles of Périgueux in France.

Fructus (Frutos), Valentine and Engratia Oct 25
+ c 715. Two brothers and a sister who lived in Sépulveda in Castile in Spain. Valentine and Engratia were martyred by the Moors, but Frutos escaped and reposed as a hermit. They are venerated as the patron-saints of Segovia, where their relics are enshrined.

Gaudentius of Brescia Oct 25
4th-5th cent. Born in Brescia in Italy, he became a monk in Caesarea in Cappadocia. He was recalled to Brescia to succeed St Philastrius as bishop and was consecrated by St Ambrose (c 387). In 405 he was sent to defend St John Chrysostom and was imprisoned near Thrace. He reposed shortly afterwards.

Goeznoveus Oct 25
+ 675. Brother of St Maughan, he left Cornwall for Brittany and became Bishop of Léon.

Guesnoveus (Gouernou) Oct 25
+ 675. Bishop of Quimper in Brittany and founder of a monastery near Brest where he reposed.

Hilary of Mende Oct 25
+ 535. Born in Mende in the south of France, he received baptism, became a hermit on the banks of the Tarn, a monk at Lérins, and finally Bishop of Mende.

Hildemarca Oct 25
+ c 670. A nun at the convent of St Eulalia in Bordeaux, who became Abbess of Fécamp in the north of France.

Lupus of Bayeux Oct 25
5th cent. Bishop of Bayeux in France.

Minias (Miniato) Oct 25
+ c 250. A soldier in Florence in Italy, where he spread the Faith among his comrades and was martyred under Decius. A monastery in Florence was dedicated to him.

Protus and Januarius Oct 25
+ 303. Protus, a priest, and Januarius, a deacon, worked in Sardinia. They were beheaded in Porto Torres, not far from Sassari, in the persecution of Diocletian.

Rome (Martyrs of) Oct 25
+ 269. Forty-six soldiers and one hundred and twenty-one civilians martyred in Rome under Claudius II.

Theodosius, Lucius, Mark and Peter Oct 25
+ 269. Members of a group of fifty soldiers martyred in Rome under Claudius II.

October 26

Adalgott Oct 26
+ 1031. A monk at Einsiedeln and from 1012 Abbot of Dissentis, both of which monasteries are in Switzerland.

Alanus and Alorus Oct 26
5th cent. Two Bishops of Quimper in Brittany.

Albinus (Witta) Oct 26
+ c 760. Born in England, he set out with St Boniface to enlighten Germany. In 741 he was consecrated Bishop of Buraburg in Hesse.

Alfred the Great Oct 26
849-899. King of Wessex and all Orthodox England who defeated the Danish invaders and ensured the growth of the Church in England. A patron of sacred learning, Alfred the Great himself translated into English such works as the Dialogues of St Gregory the Great. His memory is held by many in great veneration as a patriot and model of Orthodox kingship.

Aneurin (or Gildas) and Gwinoc Oct 26
6th cent. Father and son, both monks in Wales.

Bean Oct 26
+ c 1012. Bishop of Mortlach in Banff in Scotland, he later preached in Aberdeen.

Cedd Oct 26
+ 664. Brother of St Chad of Lichfield, he was a monk at Lindisfarne who enlightened the Midlands of England and later became Bishop of the East Saxons. He founded monasteries in Tilbury and Lastingham.

Cuthbert Oct 26
+ 761. A monk at Lyminge in Kent in England, he became Bishop of Hereford in c 736 and the twelfth Archbishop of Canterbury in c 740.

Eata Oct 26
+ c 686. A monk at Ripon in England. He later left it for Melrose in Scotland where he became abbot. After the Council of Whitby, he became Abbot of Lindisfarne. In 678 he became Bishop of Lindisfarne and later of Hexham.

Edfrid (Eadfrid) Oct 26
+ c 675. A priest from Northumbria in England, he preached in Mercia and founded a monastery in Leominster.

Evaristus Oct 26
+ c 105. The fourth Pope of Rome and a martyr.

Gaudiosus of Salerno Oct 26
7th cent. Bishop of Salerno in Italy, his relics were venerated in Naples.

Gibitrudis Oct 26
+ c 655. A nun at Faremoutiers-en-Brie in France.

Humbert Oct 26
+ 7th or 8th cent. A monk at Fritzlar and Buraburg in Germany.

Quadragesimus Oct 26
+ c 590. A shepherd and subdeacon in Policastro in Italy who raised a man from the dead.

Rogatian and Felicissimus Oct 26
+ 256. Rogatian, a priest, and Felicissimus, a layman, belonged to the church of Carthage in North Africa where they were martyred.

Rusticus Oct 26
+ c 462. A monk of Lérins who later became Bishop of Narbonne in France. He was present at the Third Oecumenical Council in Ephesus in 431.

Sigibald Oct 26
+ c 740. Bishop of Metz in France 716-c 740. He was a builder of monasteries, notably of Neuweiter and Saint-Avold.

October 27

Abban Oct 27
6th cent. A nephew of St Kevin, he founded many monasteries, mostly in the south of Ireland. His name is closely connected with Magh-Armuidhe or Adamstown in Wexford.

Colman of Senboth-Fola Oct 27
+ c 632. A disciple of St Aidan of Ferns, he was Abbot of Senboth-Fola near Ferns in Ireland.

Desiderius Oct 27
+ c 625. The successor of St Anacharius (Aunaire) as Bishop of Auxerre in France.

Florentius Oct 27
3rd cent. A martyr in Trois-Châteaux in Burgundy in France.

Gaudiosus of Naples Oct 27
+ c 455. Bishop of Abitina in North Africa and exiled by the Arian Vandal King Genseric (440), he took refuge at Naples where he founded a monastery.

Namatius (Namace) Oct 27
+ c 462. Ninth Bishop of Clermont in France. He built the Cathedral there.

Otteran (Odhran) Oct 27
c 563. An Abbot of Meath in Ireland, he went to Scotland with St Columba and was the first to repose on Iona. His feast is kept in Ireland and he is the main patron of Waterford.

Vincent, Sabina and Christeta Oct 27
+ 303. Martyrs in Avila in Spain.

October 28

Alberic Oct 28
+ 779. Abbot of Stavelot-Malmédy in Belgium. His feast is kept together with that of four other Abbots of the same monastery.

Anastasia and Cyril Oct 28 (In the East Oct 29)
+ c 253. Early martyrs in Rome. The former was bound with chains in Valerian’s persecution under the Prefect Probus, tortured, her breasts cut off, her nails torn out, her teeth broken, her hands and feet cut off, and being beheaded, she passed to her Bridegroom; Cyril, who offered her water when she begged for it, received martydom as his reward.

Anglinus Oct 28
+ c 768. The tenth Abbot of Stavelot-Malmédy near Liège in Belgium.

Cyrilla Oct 28
+ c 268. The daughter of St Tryphonia. They were both famed for their almsgiving and generosity. She was martyred under the Emperor Claudius II.

Dorbhene Oct 28
+ 713. Abbot of Iona, he was descended from a brother of St Columba. A copy of St Adamnan’s Life of the latter, written by St Dorbhene, still exists.

Eadsin (Eadsige) Oct 28
+ 1050. Thirty-third Archbishop of Canterbury in England, he resigned some years before he reposed.

Faro Oct 28
+ c 675. A brother of Sts Fara and Cognoaldus. He became a monk, either at Luxeuil or else at Rebais and finally Bishop of Meaux in France (626). He greatly encouraged monasticism.

Ferrutius Oct 28
? A soldier in Mainz in Germany, he asked to be discharged rather than take part in idolatry. He was thrown into prison where he died of ill-treatment and hunger.

Fidelis of Como Oct 28
+ c 304. A soldier martyred in Lombardy in Italy under Maximian Herculeus.

Godwin Oct 28
+ c 690. Abbot of the monastery of Stavelot-Malmédy in Belgium.

Honoratus of Vercelli Oct 28
c 330-415. Born in Vercelli in Italy, he was trained in the monastic life by St Eusebius. He accompanied his master into exile in Scythopolis and in his wanderings through Cappadocia, Egypt and Illyria. In 396 he was chosen bishop of Vercelli on the recommendation of St Ambrose, whom he anointed on his deathbed.

Remigius Oct 28
+ 875. Archbishop of Lyons in France.

Salvius (Saire) Oct 28
6th cent. A hermit in France who lived at the place now called Saint-Saire after him.

October 29

Anastasia and Cyril Oct 28 (In the East Oct 29)
+ c 253. Early martyrs in Rome. The former was bound with chains in Valerian’s persecution under the Prefect Probus, tortured, her breasts cut off, her nails torn out, her teeth broken, her hands and feet cut off, and being beheaded, she passed to her Bridegroom; Cyril, who offered her water when she begged for it, received martydom as his reward.

Bond (Baldus) Oct 29
7th cent. Born in Spain, he became a hermit in Sens in France.

Colman of Kilmacduagh Oct 29
+ c 632. A hermit in Arranmore and Burren in Co. Clare in Ireland. He then founded the monastery of Kilmacduagh, i.e. the church of the son of Duac, where he was abbot.

Ermelinda (Ermelindis) Oct 29
+ c 595. An anchoress in Meldaert near Tirlemont in Belgium.

Eusebia Oct 29
Late 3rd cent. A virgin-martyr in Bergamo in Italy and niece of St Domnio, martyred under Maximian Herculeus.

Hyacinth, Quintus, Felician and Lucius Oct 29
? Martyrs at Lucania in the south of Italy.

John of Autun Oct 29
? A bishop venerated in Autun in France.

Kennera Oct 29
4th cent. An anchoress in Kirk-Kinner in Galloway in Scotland.

Sigolinus (Sighelm) Oct 29
+ c 670. Abbot of Stavelot and Malmédy in Belgium.

Stephen of Cajazzo Oct 29
935-1023. Born in Macerata in Italy, he became Abbot of San Salvatore Maggiore and in 979 Bishop of Cajazzo. He is now venerated as the main patron of that city.

Terence of Metz Oct 29
+ 520. Sixteenth Bishop of Metz in the east of France.

Theodore (Theudar) Oct 29
+ c 575. A priest and disciple of St Caesarius of Arles and also abbot of one of the monasteries of Vienne in France. He founded several monasteries and reposed as a hermit in the church of St Laurence in Vienne.

October 30

Africa, Martyrs of North-West Africa Oct 30
A group of Christians, numbering between one and two hundred, massacred in one of the early persecutions.

Arilda Oct 30
? A holy virgin in Gloucestershire in England who met her death in defence of her chastity. The church at Oldbury-on-the-Hill is dedicated to her.

Claudius, Lupercus and Victorius Oct 30
+ c 300. Three brothers, sons of the centurion, St Marcellus. They were martyred in Léon in Spain under Diocletian.

Ethelnoth Oct 30
+ 1038. Called ‘the Good’ and famed for his wisdom, he was a monk at Glastonbury in England, before becoming thirty-second Archbishop of Canterbury in 1020.

Eutropia Oct 30
+ ? 253. A martyr in North Africa, probably under Valerian.

Eutropia Oct 30
5th cent. A holy woman who lived in Auvergne in France.

Germanus of Capua Oct 30
+ c 545. Bishop of Capua and a friend of St Benedict. He went to Constantinople to heal the Acacian schism but met with ill-treatment at the hands of the Acacians. St Benedict saw his soul being carried to heaven.

Herbert (Haberne, Herbern) Oct 30
? Abbot of Marmoutier and later Archbishop of Tours in France.

Lucanus Oct 30
5th cent. A martyr in Lagny in France, where his relics were enshrined.

Marcellus Oct 30
+ 298. A Roman centurion in Tangier in North Africa. During a festival in honour of the Emperor, he refused to join in the pagan celebrations and declared himself to be Orthodox. The notary who refused to write the official report was also martyred with St Cassian.

Nanterius (Nantier, Nantère) Oct 30
+ c 1044. Abbot of Saint-Mihiel in Lorraine in France.

Saturninus Oct 30
+ 303. A martyr in Cagliari in Sardinia under Diocletian. By tradition he was beheaded during a pagan festival of Jupiter.

Talarican Oct 30
? 6th cent. Probably Pictish, St Talarican was a bishop in Scotland. Several churches were dedicated to him.

Theonestus Oct 30
+ 425. By tradition Bishop of Philippi in Macedonia, driven out by the Arians. He was sent with companions (among whom was St Alban of Mainz) to enlighten Germany. However, in Mainz they were obliged to flee from invading Vandals and on their way Theonestus was martyred in Altino in Italy.

October 31

Antoninus Oct 31
+ 660. Called Fontana, he was Archbishop of Milan in Italy.

Arnulf Oct 31
+ c 840. A monk at Novalese in Piedmont in Italy, martyred by the Saracens.

Begu Oct 31
+ 660. A nun at Hackness in Yorkshire in England.

Erth (Herygh, Urith) Oct 31
6th cent. Brother of St Uny and St Ia (Ives). He went from Ireland to Cornwall, where a church is dedicated to him, and also gave his name to the village of St Erth.

Foillan Oct 31
+ c 655. Brother of Sts Fursey and Ultan. They left Ireland for East Anglia in England. St Foillan became the Abbot of Burgh Castle near Yarmouth but when this monastery was destroyed, he went to Belgium. St Ita of Nivelles gave him land at Fosses where he founded a monastery. He enlightened Brabant but was killed by robbers and is venerated as a martyr.

Notburga Oct 31
+ c 714. A nun at the convent of St Mary in the Capitol in Cologne in Germany.

Quentin (Quintin) Oct 31
? According to tradition, Quentin was born in Rome and went to France. He enlightened the area round Amiens and was martyred at the town now called Saint-Quentin.

Wolfgang Oct 31
924-994. Born in Swabia in Germany, he became a monk at Einsiedeln in Switzerland (964). In 971 he was ordained and with a group of monks went to convert the Magyars, but in 972 he was made Bishop of Regensburg. He was a great benefactor of the poor.

November 1

Amabilis Nov 1
+ 475. A priest in Tiom in Auvergne in France. He protects against fire and snakes.

Austremonius (Stremoine) Nov 1
3rd cent. Preaching in Auvergne in France, he became the first Bishop of Clermont-Ferrand.

Benignus Nov 1
2nd cent. A martyr venerated in Dijon in France from early times, over whose tomb the Cathedral of St Benignus was built.

Cadfan Nov 1
+ early 6th cent. Born in Brittany, he went to Wales and founded several monasteries. His name is mainly linked with Towyn in Gwynedd and Bardsey Island.

Caesarius and Julian Nov 1
? The former was a deacon from North Africa and the latter a priest. Both were martyred in Terracina in Italy. The church of St Caesarius in Rome is dedicated to St Caesarius.

Caesarius Nov 1
+ c 627. Bishop of Clermont in France.

Caillin Nov 1
7th cent. A disciple of St Aidan of Ferns in Ireland.

Ceitho Nov 1
6th cent. One of five brothers, all saints in Wales. A church in Pumpsant was dedicated to them. The church in Llangeith in Dyfed was founded by St Ceitho.

Cledwyn (Clydwyn) Nov 1
5th cent. Patron saint of Llangedwyn in Clwyd in Wales.

Dingad Nov 1
5th cent. A hermit in Llandingad, i.e. Llandovery in Dyfed in Wales.

Floribert (Florbert) Nov 1
+ c 660. Abbot of monasteries in Ghent, Mont-Blandin and Saint-Bavon in Belgium.

Genesius Nov 1
+ c 679. A monk at Fontenelle in France, he became chaplain at the palace of Queen Bathild and in 658 Bishop of Lyons. He reposed at the convent of Chelles near Paris.

Germanus of Montfort Nov 1
c 906-1000. Born in Montfort in France, he became a monk at the monastery of Savigny. He reposed as a hermit.

Licinius (Lesin) Nov 1
+ c 616. Of noble origin, he became a monk and was chosen Bishop of Angers in France in 586 and consecrated by St Gregory of Tours.

Marcellus Nov 1
+ c 430. Bishop of Paris in France, he was buried in the old Christian cemetery outside the walls of the city, which is now the suburb of Saint-Marceau.

Mary the Slave Nov 1
+ c 300. A slave-girl in the household of a patrician in Rome, she was venerated as a martyr on account of her sufferings during the persecution of Diocletian.

Mathurin (Maturinus) Nov 1
? Born near Sens in France, he was converted and ordained by Polycarp, bishop of that city. In his turn he converted his own parents and successfully enlightened his native region.

Pabiali Nov 1
5th (or 6th) cent. Patron-saint of Partypallai in Wales.

Severinus Nov 1
+ c 699. A monk who lived as a hermit in Tivoli in Italy. His relics are in the church of St Laurence in Tivoli.

Vigor Nov 1
+ c 537. A disciple of St Vedast who became Bishop of Bayeux in France. Before this he had been a hermit, then a priest. He resolutely opposed paganism.

November 2

Ambrose Nov 2
523 and 582. There were two abbots of this name at the monastery of Agaunum in Switzerland.

Amicus Nov 2
+ c 1045. Born near Camerino in Italy, he became a priest, then a hermit and finally a monk at St Peter’s in Fonteavellana.

Baya and Maura Nov 2
? 10th cent. Anchoresses in Scotland, St Bava guided St Maura and the latter became abbess of a convent.

George of Vienne Nov 2
+ c 699? Bishop of Vienne in France.

Justus of Trieste Nov 2
+ 303. A citizen of Trieste in Italy martyred under Diocletian by being thrown into the sea.

Publius, Victor, Hermes and Papias Nov 2
? Martyrs in North Africa.

Victorinus of Pettau Nov 2
+. c 304. Bishop of Pettau in Styria in Austria and the earliest exegete in the West.

November 3

Acheric and William Nov 3
+ c 860. Hermits at a monastery in the Vosges in France.

Clether (Cledog, Clodock) Nov 3
6th cent. Born in Wales, he was a hermit in Herefordshire, now in England. The village of Clodock is named after him.

Cristiolus Nov 3
7th cent. Brother of St Sulian and founder of churches, including one in Anglesey in Wales.

Domnus of Vienne Nov 3
+ 657. Successor of St Desiderius the Martyr as Bishop of Vienne in France. He was zealous in ransoming captives.

Elerius Nov 3
6th cent. Abbot of a monastery in the north of Wales.

Englatius (Englat, Tanglen) Nov 3
+ 966. Possibly a bishop, he lived in Tarves in Aberdeenshire in Scotland.

Florus (Flour) of Lodève Nov 3
+ 389. First Bishop of Lodève in Languedoc in France. The town where his relics are enshrined is named after him.

Gaudiosus of Tarazona Nov 3
+ c 585. A monk in Asan in the Pyrenees in Spain under St Victorian. Later he became Bishop of Tarazona..

Guenhael Nov 3
+ c 550. Guenhael was born in Brittany and became a monk at Landevennec with St Winwalöe where he later became abbot.

Hermengaudius (Armengol) Nov 3
+ 1035. Bishop of Urgell in Spain from 1010 till 1035. He built the Cathedral there.

Hubert Nov 3
+ 727. A widowed courtier who devoted his life to the Faith. By tradition he was converted while hunting. He probably became a monk at Stavelot in Belgium. Eventually he succeeded St Lambert as Bishop of Maastricht in Holland (c 706).

Papulus (Papoul) Nov 3
+ c 300. A priest who worked with St Saturninus in France and like him was martyred under Diocletian. His shrine is in Toulouse.

Pirmin Nov 3
+ 753. Born in Spain of Visigothic descent. When the Saracens invaded Spain, he fled and went to the Rhineland in Germany, where he established several monasteries – Reichenau in 724, Murbach, Amorbach – and restored others, notably Dissentis. He also became a bishop.

Saragossa, The Innumerable Martyrs Nov 3
+ 304. An exceedingly large number of martyrs put to death in Saragossa under Diocletian by the savage prefect Dacian, who had been sent to Spain to enforce the decrees. He published an edict exiling all Orthodox from the city, and while they were leaving he ordered the soldiers to fall upon and massacre them. Eighteen of them are honoured separately on April 16.

Sylvia Nov 3
+ c 572. The mother of St Gregory the Great. A chapel was built in her honour over her house on the Coelian Hill in Rome.

Valentine and Hilary Nov 3
+ c 304. A priest and his deacon, beheaded at Viterbo near Rome under Diocletian.

Valentinian Nov 3
+ c 500. Bishop of Salerno in the south of Italy.

Vulganius Nov 3
+ c 704 A Celt who went to France, enlightened the Atrebati and finally lived as a hermit in Arras.

Winefred Nov 3
7th cent. Born in Wales and a niece of St Beuno, she was beheaded by a prince for refusing his advances. A spring of water gushed forth where her head had fallen. This was the origin of her holy well which has been a centre of pilgrimage ever since.

Wulgan Nov 3
8th cent. A holy man born in Canterbury in England, where his relics were later venerated.

November 4

Birnstan (Beornstan) Nov 4
+ c 934. Successor of St Frithestan as Bishop of Winchester in England. He loved to pray for the departed.

Clarus Nov 4
+ c 875. Born in Rochester in England, he went to France, where he lived as a hermit near Rouen. He was murdered in the village of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte where he lived and which is named after him. His relics are venerated there to this day.

Emeric Nov 4
1007-1031. Son of St Stephen, the first Christian King of Hungary. He was a disciple of St Gerard Sagredo of Czanad but died before he could inherit the crown.

Gregory of Burtscheid Nov 4
+ 999. A Greek monk from Cerchiara in Calabria in Italy, he fled from the Saracens and met Emperor Otto III in Rome. The latter befriended him, invited him to Germany and built for him the monastery of Burtscheid near Aachen.

Modesta Nov 4
+ c 680. Niece of St Modoald in France and first Abbess of Oehren in Trier in Germany.

Philologus and Patrobas Nov 4
1st cent. An Orthodox in Rome greeted by the Apostle Paul in his letter to the Romans (16:14-18).

Proculus Nov 4
+ c 717. Bishop of Autun in France martyred by invading Huns.

Vitalis and Agricola Nov 4
+ c 304. Martyrs in Bologna in Italy under Diocletian. Vitalis suffered martyrdom with such courage that Agricola was inspired by him to face a shameful death – probably crucifixion – for Christ’s sake. The basilica in Ravenna is dedicated to St Vitalis.

November 5

Augustine and Paulinus Nov 5
6th cent. According to tradition, they were monks sent by St Benedict to found the monastery of Terracina in Italy.

Bertilla Nov 5
+ c 705. A nun at Jouarre near Meaux in France, she became Abbess of Chelles and the convent flourished under her for fifty years.

Dominator Nov 5
+ ? 495. The fourteenth Bishop of Brescia in Lombardy in Italy.

Domninus Nov 5
4th cent. The first Bishop of Grenoble in France.

Felix and Eusebius Nov 5
? 1st cent. Martyrs in Terracina, between Rome and Naples in Italy.

Fibitius Nov 5
+ c 500. Abbot of a monastery in Trier in Germany and the twenty-first bishop of that city.

Hermenegild Nov 5
+ 586. A monk at Salcedo in Galicia in Spain.

Kanten (Cannen) Nov 5
8th cent. Founder of Lianganten in Powys in Wales.

Kea (Kay, Kenan) Nov 5
6th cent. A saint who gave his name to Landkey in Devon, now in England. He spent some of his life in Brittany where he is venerated as St Quay.

Laetus Nov 5
+ 533. A monk at the age of twelve, he is honoured near Orleans in France, his relics enshrined in the village of St Lié.

Linus Sept 23 (In the East Jan 4 and Nov 5)
+ c 79. The first Pope of Rome. A disciple of the Apostle Paul, he was one of the Seventy and is mentioned in 2 Timothy 4,21. He was Pope for twelve years (67-79) and is venerated as a martyr.

Magnus Nov 5
+ 525. Archbishop of Milan in Italy from 520 to 525.

Spinulus (Spinula, Spin) Nov 5
+ 707 (or 720). A monk at Moyenmoutier with St Hidulf. Later he founded the monastery of Bégon-Celle (now Saint-Blasien) also in France.

November 6

Edwen Nov 6
7th cent. Probably born in England, she is the patron saint of Llanedwen in Anglesey in Wales.

Efflam Nov 6
+ c 700. Born in Britain, he went to Brittany where he became abbot of a monastery he had founded.

Erlafrid Nov 6
+ c 830. He founded the monastery of Hirschau in Germany, where he became a monk.

Felix of Fondi Nov 6
6th cent. A monk at a monastery in Fondi in the south of Italy.

Felix of Thynissa Nov 6
? A martyr who suffered in Thynissa near Hippo (Bone) in North Africa. He was found dead in prison the day before he was to be executed.

Illtyd (Illtut) Nov 6
+ c 505. One of the most famous saints in Wales. He became a monk with St Cadoc and later founded the monastery of Lian-IlItut or Llantwit, from where came most of the Welsh saints of that period. By tradition he reposed in Brittany.

Leonard of Noblac Nov 6
? + c 559. A French courtier converted by St Remi of Rheims in France. On the advice of that saint, St Leonard went to live in the monastery of Micy near Orleans and later he became a hermit in a neighbouring forest, now called Noblac.

Leonianus Nov 6
+ c 570. Born in Pannonia, he was taken as a prisoner to France and on regaining his freedom lived as a hermit near Autun.

Severus Nov 6
+ 633. Bishop of Barcelona in Spain, he was martyred under the Arian Visigoths who put him to death by driving nails into his temples.

Stephen of Apt Nov 6
975-1046. Born in Agde, he became Bishop of Apt in the south of France in 1010.

Winoc Nov 6
+ ? 717. Born in Wales, he became a monk at Sithin in France. He was sent to found a new monastery at Wormhoult in Belgium where he became abbot and he enlightened the surrounding area from that centre.

November 7

Amarand Nov 7
+ c 700. Abbot of Moissac in France, he became Bishop of Albi.

Amaranthus Nov 7
3rd cent. A martyr venerated in Albi in the south of France.

Blinlivet (Blevileguetus) Nov 7
9th cent. The twenty-fifth Bishop of Vannes in Brittany.

Cumgar (Congar, Cyngar) Nov 7
6th cent? Born in Devon, now in England, he founded monasteries in Budgworth, Congresbury in Somerset and in Llangennith in Wales. He was buried in Congresbury which was named after him.

Florentius of Strasbourg Nov 7
+ c 693. Born in Ireland, he left his country for Alsace, now in France, and settled near Haselac, where he built a monastery. About the year 678 he became Bishop of Strasbourg, where he founded another monastery dedicated to St Thomas.

Gebetrude (Gertrude) Nov 7
+ c 675. Third Abbess of Remiremont in France.

Gertrude of Remiremont Nov 7
+ c 690. Granddaughter of St Romaricus. She became a nun and was abbess after her aunt at the convent of Saint-Mont near Remiremont in France.

Herculanus Nov 7 and March 1
+ 549. Bishop of Perugia in Italy, beheaded by soldiers of Totila of the Ostrogoths.

Prosdocimus Nov 7
+ c 100. First Bishop of Padua in Italy.

Raverranus Nov 7
+ 682. Bishop of Séez in France .

Rufus of Metz Nov 7
+ c 400. An early Bishop of Metz in France He was bishop for some twenty-nine years.

Tremorus Nov 7
6th cent. Infant son of St Triphina, he was murdered in Carhaix in Brittany by his stepfather, Count Conmore. He is the patron saint of Carhaix.

Willibrord (Clement) Nov 7
c 658-739. Born in Northumbria, he went to Ireland. From there he went to Friesland in Holland (c 690) accompanied by eleven other monks from England. Six years later he was consecrated bishop with the name of Clement and he founded his Cathedral in Utrecht. His work with the Frisians bore much fruit, as also in Heligoland and Denmark. He founded the monastery of Echternach in Luxembourg in 698 where his relics remain.

November 8

Clarus Nov 8
+ 379. Born in Tours in France, he became a monk at the monastery of Marmoutier with St Martin. He was ordained priest and then lived as a hermit near the monastery.

Cybi (Cuby) Nov 8
6th cent. An abbot who, with St Seiroil, is one of the most famous saints of Anglesey. He founded a monastery there, called Caer Gybi (the fortress of Cybi). He is the patron saint of Llangibby and Llangybi in Wales and Tregony, Landulph and Cuby in Cornwall.

Deusdedit (Adeodatus I) Nov 8
+ 618. Born in Rome, he became Pope in 615. During an outbreak of the plague he worked untiringly for the sick.

Four Crowned Martyrs Nov 8
There are two groups called the Four Holy Crowned Martyrs. One group suffered in Albano in Italy in c 305, Secundus, Severian, Carpophorus and Victorinus. The other group, actually five in number, were martyred in Pannonia at about the same time: Claudius, Nicostratus, Symphorian and Castorius and Simplicius. The latter were sculptors who refused to carve a statue of the god Aesculapius and were martyred by Diocletian. Relics of four of the martyrs were brought to Rome and so veneration of four, not five, began.

Gervadius (Gernard, Garnet) Nov 8
10th cent. Born in Ireland, he went to Moray and became a hermit near Elgin in Scotland.

Gregory of Einsiedeln Nov 8
+ 996. On pilgrimage from England to Rome, he became a monk. On his way home he stopped at the monastery of Einsiedeln in Switzerland in 949. Eventually he became abbot there and the monastery flourished under him.

Maurus Nov 8
+ 383. Second Bishop of Verdun in France (353-383).

Moroc Nov 8
9th cent. Abbot of Dunkeld and afterwards Bishop of Dunblane in Scotland.

Tysilio (Tyssel, Tyssilo, Suliau) Nov 8
7th cent. A prince who became Abbot of Meifod in Powys and founded several churches in other parts of Wales.

Willehad Nov 8
+ c 789. A Northumbrian monk who in c 766 left England to enlighten the Frisians in Holland. Later he preached to the Saxons, but had to abandon this mission and retired to the monastery of Echternach. In 787 he was ordained Bishop of Bremen in Germany.

Wiomad (Weomadus) Nov 8
+ c 790. A monk at St Maximinus in Trier in Germany. He became Abbot of Mettlach and finally Bishop of Trier (c 750-790).

November 9

Agrippinus (Arpinus) Nov 9
2nd or 3rd cent. Bishop of Naples in Italy, where he has been greatly venerated from time immemorial. His relics are enshrined under the altar of the Cathedral of Naples with Sts Eutychius and Acutius, companions of St Januarius.

Benignus (Benen) Nov 9
+ c 466. ‘Benen, son of Sessenen, St Patrick’s Psalmsinger’. A favourite disciple of St Patrick, whom he succeeded as the main bishop in Ireland. He preached mainly in Clare and Kerry and founded a monastery in Drumlease.

Pabo Nov 9
+ c 510. After life as a soldier in Scotland, he came to Wales and in Anglesey founded the monastery later called Llanbabon after him.

Ursinus Nov 9
3rd cent. First Bishop of Bourges in France.

Vitonus (Vanne, Vaune) Nov 9
+ c 525. Bishop of Verdun in the north of France c 500-525. A monastery in Lorraine was later dedicated to him.

November 10

Aedh MacBricc Nov 10
6th cent. A disciple of St Illadan at Rathlihen in Offaly in Ireland, he founded churches at Rathugh and other places in his native Meath, where he was bishop.

Elaeth the King Nov 10
6th cent. A Briton driven into Wales by the Picts. He became a monk with St Seiriol in Anglesey in Wales. Some of his poems still exist.

Guerembaldus Nov 10
+ 965. A monk at Hirschau in Germany, who out of humility refused to become Bishop of Spire.

Hadelin (Adelheim) Nov 10
+ c 910. A monk and Abbot of Saint-Calais and then Bishop of Séez in France from c 884 on.

Justus of Canterbury Nov 10
+ 627. Born in Italy, he was sent by St Gregory the Great to England in 601. In 604 he became first Bishop of Rochester and in 624 succeeded St Mellitus as the fourth Archbishop of Canterbury.

Leo the Great Nov 10 (In the East Feb 18)
+ 461. Probably born in Tuscany in Italy, he became Bishop of Rome in 440. He fought against many heresies. His celebrated Tomos defined the Orthodox belief in the Two Natures and One Person of Christ. It was acclaimed as the teaching of the Orthodox Church at the Council of Chalcedon in 451. The most famous event of his life was his meeting with Attila outside the gates of Rome which resulted in the salvation of the city in 452.

Monitor Nov 10
+ c 490. Twelfth Bishop of Orleans in France.

Probus Nov 10
+ c 175. Born in Rome, he became the sixth Bishop of Ravenna in Italy. His relics are venerated in the Cathedral in Ravenna.

Tiberius, Modestus and Florentia Nov 10
+ 303? Martyrs under Diocletian at Agde in the south of France.

November 11

Bartholomew of Rossano Nov 11
+ 1065. A Greek, he was born in Rossano in Calabria in Italy. He followed St Nilus to the foundation of Grottaferrata in Frascati near Rome and St Bartholomew is considered as its second founder. He persuaded Pope Benedict IX (+1055) to repent for his sins.

Bertuin Nov 11
+ c 698. Born in England, he became a monk at Othelle. He became a bishop and founded the monastery of Malonne near Namur in Belgium.

Cynfran Nov 11
5th cent. The founder of a church in Gwynedd in Wales where there is also a holy well.

Martin of Tours Nov 11 (In the East Oct 12)
c 316-397. Born in Upper Pannonia (now Hungary), he was the son of a Roman officer. At the age of fifteen he enrolled in the imperial cavalry. In Amiens in France, where he was posted, he cut his cloak in half and gave his own half to a beggar. This beggar turned out to be Christ. This led to his baptism. He left the army and placed himself in the hands of St Hilary, Bishop of Poitiers, living for ten years as a hermit and founding a monastery in Ligugé. In 372 he was made Bishop of Tours, but he accepted the office with great reluctance. Founding another monastic centre in Marmoutier, he continued to live as a monk, while publicly he devoted himself to his episcopal duties. He opposed Arianism and Priscillianism, but befriended Priscillianists when they were persecuted by the civil authorities. He was the greatest monk in the West of the age and hundreds of churches were dedicated to him. His shrine in Tours was and still is a resort of Orthodox pilgrims.

Mennas Nov 11
+ 6th cent. A Greek from Asia Minor who became a hermit in the Abruzzi in Italy, probably in Santomena.

Rhediw Nov 11
? A saint recalled by the dedication of a church in Llanllyfni in North Wales.

Valentine, Felician and Victorinus Nov 11
+ c 305. Martyrs venerated in Ravenna in Italy.

Veranus Nov 11
5th century. Bishop in Lyons in France.

November 12

Astericus (Astricus, Ascrick) Nov 12
+ c 1035. Born in Czechia, he became a monk and accompanied St Adalbert in the Czech mission. He became the first Abbot of Brevnov but had to flee to Hungary where he became the first Abbot of Pannonhalma, recently founded by King Stephen, and Archbishop of Kalocsa. Anastasius was the King’s ambassador and brought the holy crown of Hungary to St Stephen.

Benedict, John, Matthew, Isaac and Christinus (Christian) Nov 12
+ 1005. Monks from Italy who followed St Adalbert of Prague and were murdered by thieves at their monastery near Gnesen in Poland.

Cadwallader Nov 12
+ 664. A pious king who lived in Wales.

Cummian Fada Nov 12
+ 662. A monk at Clonfert, he founded the monastery of Kilcummin.

Cunibert Nov 12
+ c 663. Archbishop of Cologne in Germany. He was an untiring builder of churches and monasteries.

Emilian Nov 12
+ 574. A poor shepherd in La Rioja in Spain, he became a hermit and was later ordained priest for the parish of Berceo. The saint, however, returned to his life as a hermit. A large number of disciples gathered around him and he became their abbot. This gave rise to the monastery of La Cogolla. In Spain he is known as San Millan de la Cogolla.

Evodius Nov 12
+ c 560. Bishop of Le Puy in France.

Himerius (Imier) Nov 12
+ c 610. A hermit in the Jura in Switzerland, now called after him Immertal, Val-Saint-Imier.

Liafwine (Lebuin) Nov 12
+ c 773. A monk at Ripon in England, he went to Holland and took part in the work begun by St Boniface. He worked with St Marcellinus under St Gregory of Utrecht and founded a church in Deventer. From there he preached to the Saxons and the Frisians.

Machar (Macharius, Mochumna) Nov 12
6th cent. Born in Ireland, he was baptised by St Colman and became a disciple of St Columba at Iona in Scotland. Later he went with twelve disciples to convert the Picts near Aberdeen.

Namphasius (Namphrase) Nov 12
+ c 800. After a military career, he became a hermit near Marcillac in France.

Paternus Nov 12
+ c 726. Born in Brittany, he was a monk at Cessier and then at Saint-Pierre-le-Vif near Sens in France. He was murdered by evildoers.

Renatus (René) Nov 12
+ c 422. Bishop of Angers in France and by tradition of Sorrento in the south of Italy.

Rufus of Avignon Nov 12
+ c 200. Venerated as the first Bishop of Avignon in France.

Ymar Nov 12
+ c 830. A monk at the monastery of Reculver in Kent in England, he was martyred by the Danes.

November 13

Abbo Nov 13
c 945-1004. Born near Orleans in France, he became a monk at Fleury (St Benoît-sur-Loire). Invited by St Oswald of Worcester to take charge of the monastery of Ramsey in England, he stayed there for two years (985-7) and wrote the Life of St Edmund. He then became Abbot of Fleury 988. He was martyred in La Réole in Gascony.

Arcadius, Paschasius, Probus, Eutychian and Paulillus Nov 13
+ 437. All of these were born in Spain and exiled to Africa by the Vandal Arian King Genseric, where they became the Protomartyrs of the Vandal persecution. Paulillus was only a boy, the little brother of Sts Paschasius and Eutychian.

Brice (Britius, Brixius) Nov 13
+ 444. A disciple of St Martin of Tours in France, in fact he was proud and ambitious. Chosen to be St Martin’s successor at Tours, he was eventually driven out. He repented and was reinstated. Such was the change in him that his flock proclaimed him a saint immediately after his death.

Chillien (Kilian) Nov 13
7th cent. Born in Ireland and a relative of St Fiacre, he was a missionary in Artois in the north of France. His relics were enshrined in Aubigny near Arras.

Columba Nov 13
? A virgin-martyr in Cornwall, where she is the patron-saint of two parishes.

Dalmatius Nov 13
+ 580. Bishop of Rodez in France from 524 to 580. He suffered greatly at the hands of the Arian King Amalric.

Damasus Nov 13
+ 384. Born in Spain, he served as deacon in the Spanish church of St Laurence in Rome. He became Pope of Rome in 366, opposed Arianism and Apollinarianism, developed the liturgy and restored many churches and tombs of the martyrs.

Devinicus (Denick, Teavneck) Nov 13
6th cent. Born in the north of Scotland, in old age he worked with Sts Columba and Machar and preached in Caithness, probably as a bishop.

EugeneI of Toledo Nov 13
+ 657. A Spanish Goth, born in Toledo in Spain. He became a monk at St Engracia in Saragossa. Finally, in 646, he became Bishop of Toledo. He was a gifted poet and musician and zealous for the beauty of the liturgy

Gredifael Nov 13
7th cent. A saint who accompanied St Paternus from Brittany to Wales. He was Abbot of Whitland in Dyfed.

Maxellendis Nov 13
+ c 670. She was stabbed to death in Caudry near Cambrai in the north of France because she wished to be a nun.

Mitrius (Mitre, Metre, Merre) Nov 13
+ 314. A Greek slave belonging to a tyrannical master in Aix in Provence in France. He was savagely abused by his master and his fellow-slaves and was finally beheaded.

Quintian Nov 13
+ c 527. Born in North Africa, he fled to France to escape the Arian-Vandal persecution. Eventually he became Bishop of Rodez, but was exiled by the Arian Visigoths. He went to Auvergne where he succeeded St Euphrasius as Bishop of Clermont.

Valentine, Solutor and Victor Nov 13
+ c 305. Martyrs venerated in Ravenna in Italy.

November 14

Alberic Nov 14
+ 784. Nephew of St Gregory of Utrecht, he became a priest and, on his uncle’s repose in 775, Bishop of St Martin’s in Utrecht in Holland. Highly educated, his work among the pagan Teutons was very fruitful.

Dubricius (Dubric, Dyfrig) Nov 14
+ c 545. One of the founders of monastic life in Wales. His main monastic centres were at Henllan and Moccas. However, he founded many other monasteries in Gwent and in England in what is now Herefordshire and the Wye Valley. He had jurisdiction over Caldey Island where he appointed St Samson abbot and later consecrated him bishop. A late tradition makes him Archbishop of Caerleon. He reposed on the Isle of Bardsey.

Jucundus of Bologna Nov 14
+ 485. Bishop of Bologna in Italy.

Modanic Nov 14
8th cent. A bishop in Scotland.

Sidonius (Säens) Nov 14
+ c 690. Born in Ireland, Sidonius became a monk at Jumièges in the north of France with St Philibert (644). Later he became the first abbot of a small monastery which that bishop had founded near Rouen. This monastery was later called Saint-Säens.

Veneranda Nov 14
2nd cent. An early martyr in France.

Venerandus Nov 14
+ 275. An influential citizen of Troyes in France martyred under Aurelian.

November 15

Arnulf Nov 15
+ 871. Bishop of Toul in France from 847 to 871.

Desiderius Nov 15
+ 655. He succeeded his own brother, St Rusticus, as Bishop of Cahors in France (630-655).

Eugene Nov 15
? He preached the Gospel with St Dionysius, Bishop of Paris in France, and was martyred.

Felix of Nola Nov 15
+ 287. The first Bishop of Nola near Naples in Italy, he was martyred with thirty companions.

Findan (or Fintan) Nov 15
+ 879. Born in Leinster in Ireland, he was taken as a slave to the Orkneys by Norse raiders but managed to escape to Scotland. He then went on pilgrimage to Rome and became a monk in Farfa in Italy. From there he went to the monastery of Rheinau in Switzerland, where he lived as a hermit for twenty-two years. His relics still exist.

Luperius Nov 15
6th (or 8th) cent. Bishop of Verona in Italy.

Machudd (Machell) Nov 15
7th cent. Founder of the monastery of Llanfechell in Anglesey in Wales.

Malo (Machutis, Maclou) Nov 15
+ c 640. Born in Wales, he moved to Brittany and settled at a place called Aleth, now St Malo, where he was the first bishop.

Paduinus (Pavin) Nov 15
+ c 703. A monk at the monastery of St Vincent in Le Mans in France and then first Abbot of St Mary’s near Le Mans.

Secundus, Fidentian and Varicus Nov 15
? Martyrs in North Africa.

November 16

Afan Nov 16
6th cent. A bishop who gave his name to the church of Llanafan in Powys in Wales.

Africus Nov 16
7th cent. Bishop of Comminges in France, celebrated for his zeal for Orthodoxy.

Alfric (Aelfric) Nov 16
+ 1005. A monk and Abbot of Abingdon and later Bishop of Wilton and twenty-ninth Archbishop of Canterbury in 995. He governed the Church ably in the critical times of the Danish invasion of Kent.

Elpidius, Marcellus, Eustochius and Companions Nov 16
+ 362. An official at the court of the Emperor Constantius, he was demoted by Julian the Apostate. He and others were dragged tied to the tails of wild horses. Finally they were all burnt at the stake.

Eucherius Nov 16
+ 449. He became a monk at Lérins in France in 422 and his wife Galla became a nun. Two of their sons became bishops. In 434 he became Bishop of Lyons and in 441 he presided the Council of Orange with St Hilary and several of his ascetic works still exist

Fidentius Nov 16
2nd cent. An early saint in Padua in Italy.

Gobrain Nov 16
+ 725. A monk who became Bishop of Vannes in Brittany and at the age of eighty-seven went to live as a hermit.

Othmar (Otmar, Audemar) Nov 16
+ 759. Of Germanic origin and already a priest, in 720 he was appointed Abbot of St Gall in Switzerland. Under him a period of prosperity began for the monastery, which soon became the most important in Switzerland. He was persecuted by two lords, unjustly slandered and condemned. He bore his sufferings with great patience, reposing in prison.

Rufinus, Mark, Valerius and Companions Nov 16
? Martyrs in North Africa.

November 17

Acisclus and Victoria Nov 17
+ 304. Brother and sister, they were born in Cordoba in Spain and were martyred, probably under Diocletian. Their home was turned into a church. They are the main patron-saints of Cordoba and were venerated throughout Spain and the south of France.

Anianus (Aignan) Nov 17
+ 453. Fifth Bishop of Orleans in France. He is famous for organising the defence of his city during the invasion of the Huns under Attila. He interceded with the latter on his approach to Orleans, thus saving it.

Eugene Nov 17
+ 422. A deacon of the Church of Florence in Italy with Bishop Zenobius. He had been a disciple of St Ambrose at Milan.

Gregory of Tours Nov 17
540-594. Born in Auvergne in France, he was baptised George Florentius, but took the name Gregory when he became Bishop of Tours in 573. He was a fine bishop and excelled as a historian.

Hild (Hilda) Nov 17
614-680. Born in Northumbria, she was a relative of King Edwin. Baptised as a child by St Paulinus in 631, at the age of thirty-three she joined the nuns of Hartlepool in Northumberland where soon after she became abbess. Later she became Abbess of Whitby. Her influence was one of the most decisive factors in uniting the Church in seventh century England. Five of her monks became bishops.

Namasius (Naamat, Namat, Namatius) Nov 17
+ c 599. Twenty-second Bishop of Vienne in France.

November 18

Amandus and Anselm Nov 18
Amandus + 708. Anselm later in the 8th cent. St Amandus succeeded St Aigulphus as Abbot of Lérins in France in 676. St Anselm, another Abbot of Lérins, lived later in the eighth century.

Anselm Nov 18
c 750 Abbot of Lérins in France.

Constant Nov 18
+ 777. A priest-hermit at Lough Erne in Ireland who died in circumstances which led to his veneration as a martyr.

Keverne Nov 18
6th cent. A friend of St Kieran or Piran in Cornwall.

Mawes (Maudetus, Maudez) Nov 18
? 6th cent. Born in Wales, he lived as a hermit near Falmouth in Cornwall, where a village is named after him. Later he went to Brittany where he is known as St Maudez and where many churches are dedicated to him.

Maximus of Mainz Nov 18
+ 378. The nineteenth Bishop of Mainz in Germany from 354 to 378. He suffered greatly at the hands of the Arians.

Mummolus (Mumbolus, Momleolus, Momble) Nov 18
+ c 690. Born in Ireland, he was a companion of St Fursey whom he succeeded as Abbot of Lagny in France.

Nazarius Nov 18
+ c 450. A monk and Abbot of Lérins in France.

Oriculus and Companions Nov 18
+ c 430. Martyrs under the Arian Vandals near Carthage in North Africa.

November 19

Anastasius II Sept 8 and Nov 19
+ 498. Pope of Rome between 496-498.

Atto Nov 19
+ c 1010. First Abbot of Tordino near Teramo in Italy.

Crispin Nov 19
4th cent. Bishop of Ecija in Andalusia in Spain, he was beheaded under Maximian Herculeus.

Ermenburgh Nov 19
+ c 700. Also known as Domna Ebba (Lady Ebba, shortened to Domneva. She was a Kentish princess married to the King of Mercia, and the mother of Sts Mildred, Milburgh and Mildgytha. She founded the convent of Minster-in-Thanet in about 670.

James of Sasseau Nov 19
+ c 865. Born in Constantinople, after many travels he came to France and was ordained in Clermont, later living as a hermit in Sasseau.

Maximus Nov 19
+ c 255. A martyr who suffered in Rome under Valerian.

Medana Nov 19
8th cent. A holy virgin from Ireland who went to Scotland and lived in Galloway.

Severinus, Exuperius and Felician Nov 19
+ 170. Martyrs in Vienne in France under Marcus Aurelius.

Tuto (Totto) Nov 19
+ 815. Founder in 764 of the monastery of Ottobeuren in Bavaria in Germany.

November 20

Ampelus and Gaius Nov 20
+ c 302. Martyred in Messina in Sicily under Diocletian.

Autbodus Nov 20
+ 690. Born in Ireland, he preached in Artois, Hainault and Picardy in the north of France and Belgium. He reposed as a hermit near Laon.

Benignus Nov 20
+ c 477. Archbishop of Milan in Italy.

Bernward (Berward) Nov 20
+ 1022. Bishop of Hildesheim in Germany from 993, he excelled as an architect, painter, sculptor, decorator and metalsmith. He was also a tutor of the half-Greek Emperor Otto III.

Edmund Nov 20
841-869. King of East Anglia and first patron-saint of England. In 869 he was taken prisoner by the heathen Danes and savagely martyred at Hoxne in Suffolk. He died with the name of Jesus on his lips. Bury St Edmunds was named after him.

Eudo (Eudon, Eudes Odo) Nov 20
+ c 760. A monk at Lerins in France, he founded the monastery of Corméry-en-Velay (Charmillac, later called Saint-Chaffre).

Eval (Uvol, Urfol) Nov 20
6th cent. A bishop in Cornwall. A village there is called after him.

Leo of Nonantula Nov 20
+ 1000. Monk and abbot of the monastery of Nonantula near Modena in Italy.

Maxentia Nov 20
? Born in Ireland, she settled as an anchoress near Senlis in France, where she was put to death at the place now called Pont-Sainte-Maxence.

Octavius, Solutor and Adventor Nov 20
+ 297. Patron-saints of Turin in Italy where they were martyred.

Silvester Nov 20
+ c 525. Bishop of Châlons-sur-Saône in France from c 484 to c 525. St Gregory of Tours describes him as ‘the glory of confessors’.

Simplicius of Verona Nov 20
+ c 535. Bishop of Verona in Italy.

November 21

Amelberga Nov 21
+ c 900. Abbess of Susteren in what is now Holland

Celsus and Clement Nov 21
? Martyrs in Rome.

Columbanus the Younger Nov 21
+ c 616. A disciple of St Columbanus and a monk at Luxeuil in France.

Demetrius and Honorius Nov 21
? Martyrs in Ostia in Italy.

Digain Nov 21
5th cent. A son of Constantine, a lord in Cornwall. Llangernw in Clwyd in Wales is named after him.

Gelasius I Nov 21
+ 496. Born in Africa, he became Pope of Rome in 492. He was one of the most energetic bishops of his time.

Hilary Nov 21
+ c 1045. Born in Matera in the south of Italy, he became Abbot of San Vincenzo in Volturno (1011-1045) and revived monastic life there.

Honorius, Eutychius and Stephen Nov 21
+ c 300. Martyrs in Asta in Andalusia in Spain under Diocletian.

Maurus Nov 21
+ c 600. Twelfth Bishop of Verona in Italy. Towards the end of his life he became a hermit.

Rufus of Rome Nov 21
+ c 90. The disciple whom St Paul greets in Romans 16, 13.

November 22

Cecilia Nov 22
2nd-3rd cent. One of the most famous virgin-martyrs of Rome. Having suffered for Christ, she was buried in the cemetery of St Callistus. Her relics are beneath the altar of the basilica of St Cecilia in Trastevere. She is the patron-saint of musicians.

Christian Nov 22
+ c 873. Thirty-seventh Bishop of Auxerre in France.

Deyniolen (Deiniol, Daniel) Nov 22
+ 621. More commonly known as St Deiniol the Younger. He was Abbot of Bangor in Wales.

Maurus Nov 22
? Born of Christian parents in North Africa, he went to Rome where he was martyred under Numerian.

Pragmatius Nov 22
+ c 520. Bishop of Autun in France.

Sabinian Nov 22
+ c 720?. Third Abbot of Moutier-Saint-Chaffre in France.

Tigridia (or Trigidia) Nov 22
+ c 925. A daughter of Count Sancho Garcia who founded for her the convent of Oña, near Burgos in Spain.

November 23

Adalbert Nov 23
+ c 1045. A monk at Cassoria in the Abruzzi in Italy. He lived as a hermit on Mt Caramanico near Chieti, where he founded the monastery of St Nicholas.

Clement Nov 23 (In the East Jan 4, Apr 22, Sept 10 and Nov 25)
+ c 101. One of the Seventy Apostles, he was the third Pope of Rome. Consecrated by the Apostle Peter, he is mentioned in Philippians 4,3 and wrote a letter to the Church of Corinth which still exists. He is venerated as a martyr and he is remembered in Rome by the church of San Clemente, which may have been built on the site of his home.

Clement Nov 23
? First Bishop of Metz in the east of France.

Columbanus Nov 23
c 543-615. Born in Leinster, he became a monk and ascetic at Bangor. In 580 he left Ireland with a group of monks and worked first in England, then in Brittany and finally in France where he founded a very strict monastery at Luxeuil. Here he was abbot for twenty-five years. His outspoken protest against the disorders of the Frankish court led to his exile. He ended his days in the north of Italy at Bobbio where he had also founded a monastery.

Felicity Nov 23 (In the East Jan 25)
?. A widow martyred with her sons either in Rome or else in North Africa under Decius. They were buried in Rome.

Gregory of Girgenti Nov 23
+ c 638. Born in Sicily, after a long time spent in Constantinople, he became Bishop of Girgenti, his native town. His commentary on Ecclesiastes still exists.

Guy of Casauria Nov 23
+ 1045. A monk at Farfa who became Abbot of Casauria near Chieti in Italy.

Lucretia Nov 23
+ 306. A virgin-martyr in Mérida in the west of Spain.

Paternian Nov 23
+ c 343. Towards the end of the persecution of Diocletian he escaped to the mountains and later became Bishop of Fano in Italy.

Paulinus (Polin, Pewlin, Paulhen) Nov 23
+ c 505 (?) An abbot in Wales and disciple of St Illtyd, he founded the monastery of Whitland where St David and St Teilo were among his disciples.

Rachildis Nov 23
+ c 946. An anchoress who lived near the monastery of St Gall in Switzerland.

Trudo (Trudon, Tron, Trond, Truyen, Trudjen) Nov 23
+ c 695. A monk with St Remaclus, he was ordained by St Clodulf of Metz and eventually founded a monastery (c 660), which was called St Trond after him. It is situated between Louvain and Tongres in Belgium.

Wilfetrudis Nov 23
+ c 670. Second Abbess of Nivelles in Belgium, founded by her aunt St Gertrude.

November 24

Bieuzy Nov 24
7th cent. Born in Britain, he followed St Gildas to Brittany and was martyred there.

Chrysogonus Nov 24
+ c 304. A martyr in Aquileia in Italy.

Colman of Cloyne Nov 24
522-c 600. Born in Cork in Ireland, he was a royal bard at the court of Cashel. He was baptised by St Brendan, became a monk, was ordained priest and preached in Limerick and Cork. Finally he founded the church of Cloyne and became its first bishop.

Crescentian Nov 24
+ 309. A martyr in Rome with Sts Cyriacus, Largus and Smaragdus. They died on the rack in their presence under Maxentius.

Eanfleda (Eanflaed) Nov 24
+ c 700. Daughter of the holy King Edwin of Northumbria and St Ethelburgh of Kent, she was baptised by St Paulinus. Widowed, she became a nun at Whitby under her own daughter.

Felicissimus Nov 24
+ c 303. A martyr who suffered in Perugia in Italy, probably under Diocletian.

Firmina Nov 24
+ c 303. A virgin-martyr in Amelia (Ameria) in Umbria under Diocletian.

Flora and Mary Nov 24
+ 856. Two virgin-martyrs in Cordoba in Spain who gave themselves up to the Moors and were beheaded by order of Abderrahman II.

Kenan (Cianan) Nov 24
+ c 500. The first bishop in Ireland to build his Cathedral, at Damleag or Duleek in Meath, of stone.

Leopardinus Nov 24
+ 7th cent. Monk and Abbot of St Symphorian of Vivaris in Berry in France. He was murdered and venerated as a martyr.

Marinus Nov 24
+ 731. Born in Italy, he became a monk at Maurienne in Savoy, now in France, and afterwards a hermit near the monastery of Chandor where he was martyred by the Saracens.

Portianus Nov 24
+ 533. A slave who became a monk and then Abbot of Miranda in Auvergne in France. He confronted the Merovingian King and obtained the freedom of Auvergnat prisoners.

Protasius Nov 24
+ 352. Bishop of Milan in Italy 331-352. He defended St Athanasius against Arianism, notably at the Council of Sardica in 343.

Romanus of Le Mans Nov 24
+ 385. A Gallo-Roman priest who converted the pagans living at the mouth of the Gironde. He reposed in Blaye in France. He was especially honoured by sailors.

November 25

Alanus Nov 25
7th cent. Abbot and founder of Lavaur in Gascony in France.

Bernold Nov 25
+ c 1050. A monk-priest of Ottobeuren in Bavaria in Germany, renowned as a wonderworker.

Clement Nov 23 (In the East Jan 4, Apr 22, Sept 10 and Nov 25)
+ c 101. One of the Seventy Apostles, he was the third Pope of Rome. Consecrated by the Apostle Peter, he is mentioned in Philippians 4,3 and wrote a letter to the Church of Corinth which still exists. He is venerated as a martyr and he is remembered in Rome by the church of San Clemente, which may have been built on the site of his home.

Imma (Immina) Nov 25
c 700-752. Born in Würzburg, she became abbess of a convent in Karlburg in Germany.

Jucunda Nov 25
+ 466. A holy virgin in Reggio in Aemilia in Italy and a spiritual daughter of St Prosper, bishop of that city.

Moses Nov 25
+ 251. A priest in Rome, noted for his zeal in preaching the Gospel and his firm stand against Novatianism. He was martyred under Decius.

November 26

Amator Nov 26
3rd cent. Bishop of Autun in France.

Basolus (Basle) Nov 26
c 555-620 Born in Limoges in France, he became a monk at Verzy near Rheims, and then a hermit, living for forty years on a hill near the city. He was celebrated as a wonderworker.

Conrad of Constance Nov 26
+ 975. Bishop of Constance in Germany from 934 on. He went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land three times.

Martin of Arades Nov 26
+ 726. A monk at Corbie in France.

Siricius Nov 26
+ 399. Born in Rome, he was Pope from 384 to 399.

Vacz Nov 26
11th cent. A hermit in Visegrád in the mountains of Pilis in Hungary.

November 27

Acharius Nov 27
+ 640. A monk at Luxeuil in France under St Eustace. In 621 he was chosen Bishop of Noyon-Tournai in Belgium and encouraged the work of St Amandus of Maastricht.

Apollinaris Nov 27
+ 828. The fourteenth Abbot of Montecassino in Italy, abbot for eleven years.

Bilhild Nov 27
c 630-c 710. Born near Würzburg in Germany, she married the Duke of Thuringia. After her husband’s death she founded the convent of Altenmünster in Mainz.

Facundus and Primitivus Nov 27
+ c 300. Born in Léon in Spain, he was beheaded near the River Cea where Sahagun now stands. Later the monastery of Sahagun, around which the present town grew up, was named after St Facundus.

Fergus Nov 27
+ c 721. Born in Ireland, he was a bishop who preached among the Picts in Perthshire, Caithness, Buchan and Forfarshire in Scotland.

Gallgo Nov 27
6th cent. Founder of Llanallgo in Anglesey in Wales.

John Angeloptes Nov 27
+ 433. Bishop of Ravenna in Italy 430-433. The Greek name Angeloptes means ‘the man who saw an angel’. It was given to him because an angel, visible to him alone, came and helped him serve the divine liturgy.

Maximus of Riez Nov 27
+ 460. Abbot of Lérins in France in 426, he became Bishop of Riez much against his will in 434, and was consecrated by St Hilary. He was one of the most prominent bishops in the Church of Gaul at that time.

Seachnall (Sechnall) Nov 27
+ 457. A disciple of St Patrick. In 433 he became the first Bishop of Dunsauglin in Meath in Ireland and later served in Armagh. He wrote the earliest poem of the Irish Church – an alphabetical hymn in honour of St Patrick.

Severinus Nov 27
+ c 540. A hermit who lived near Paris in France.

Siffred (Siffrein, Syffroy, Suffredus) Nov 27
+ c 540. Born in Albano near Rome, he became a monk at Lérins and later Bishop of Carpentras in the south of France.

Valerian Nov 27
+ 389. Bishop of Aquileia in the north of Italy. He succeeded an Arian bishop and he spent his energy fighting that heresy.

Virgilius (Fergal) Nov 27
+ 784. Born in Ireland, he preached in Bavaria in Germany helping St Rupert, the Apostle of Austria. St Virgilius later became Abbot of St Peter’s in Salzburg and Bishop (c 765). He is venerated as the Apostle of Carinthia.

November 28

Fionnchu Nov 28
6th cent. The successor of St Comgall at the monastery of Bangor in Ireland.

Hippolytus Nov 28
+ c 775. Bishop of Saint-Claude in France.

Papinianus and Mansuetus Nov 28
5th cent. Bishops in North Africa martyred under the Arian Vandal King Genseric.

Rufus and Companions Nov 28
+ 304. A citizen of Rome who was martyred with his entire household under Diocletian.

Valerian, Urban, Crescens, Eustace, Cresconius, Crescentian, Felix, Hortulanus and Florentian Nov 28
5th cent. Bishops from North Africa exiled by the Arian King Genseric. They reposed in exile and were afterwards honoured as confessors for Orthodoxy.

November 29

Blaise and Demetrius Nov 29 γ
? Martyrs in Veroli in central Italy.

Brendan of Birr Nov 29
+ c 573. A contemporary of St Brendan the Voyager and a disciple of St Finian at Clonard. His monastery of Birr was in Offaly in Ireland. He was a friend and advisor of St Columba, who saw the soul of St Brendan carried by angels to heaven at the moment of his repose.

Egelwine (Ethelwine, Aylwine) Nov 29
7th cent. A prince of the house of Wessex who lived as a hermit at Athelney in Somerset in England.

Gulstan (Gustan, Constans) Nov 29
+ c 1010. A monk at St Gildas of Rhuys in Brittany.

Hardoin Nov 29
7th cent. Bishop of St Pol-de-Léon in Brittany.

Illuminata Nov 29
+ c 320. A virgin in Todi in Italy.

Radbod Nov 29
+ 918. Bishop of Utrecht in Holland from 900 to 918.

Sadwrn (Sadwen) Nov 29
6th cent. Brother of St Illtyd and disciple of St Cadfan. A number of churches in Wales are dedicated to him.

Saturninus (Sernin) Nov 29
+ c 257. A missionary who enlightened the area around Pampeluna (Pamplona) in Navarre in Spain and then the area and city of Toulouse in France. He is venerated as the first Bishop of Toulouse. By tradition he was martyred in the persecution of Valerian by being fastened to a wild bull which dragged him about until he was torn to pieces.

Saturninus and Sisinius Nov 29
+ ? 309. According to tradition Saturninus was a priest in Rome, though born in Carthage. He and his deacon Sisinius were sentenced to hard labour and subsequently martyred. They were buried in the cemetery of St Thraso on the Salarian Way.

Walderic Nov 29
+ c 817. Founder of the monastery of Murrhardt in Germany.

November 30

Castulus and Euprepis Nov 30
? Martyrs in Rome.

Constantius Nov 30
5th cent. A priest in Rome who opposed the Pelagians and at whose hands he suffered a great deal.

Trojan (Troyen) Nov 30
+ 533. A priest in Saintes in France where he later became bishop after St Vivien.

Tudwal (Tugdual) Nov 30
+ c 564. A monk from Wales who went to Brittany and became Bishop of Tréguier. Three places in the Lleyn Peninsular in Gwynedd recall him and his relics are still honoured in Tréguier.

December 1

Agericus (Aguy, Airy) Dec 1
c 521-591. Successor of St Desiderius in Verdun in France He was greatly admired by his contemporaries, Sts Gregory of Tours and Venantius Fortunatus. He was buried in his own home which was turned into a church. The monastery of Saint-Airy later grew up around it.

Ansanus Dec 1
c 304. Born in Rome he became Orthodox when he was twelve years old, but his own father denounced him to the authorities. The boy contrived to escape and converted so many pagans, first in Bagnorea and then in Siena, that he was called ‘the Baptiser’. Finally he was arrested and beheaded.

Candres Dec 1
5th cent. A bishop who enlightened the Maastricht area.

Castritian Dec 1
+ 137. The predecessor of St Calimerius as Bishop of Milan. He was bishop for forty-two years.

Constantian Dec 1
+ 570. Born in Auvergne in France, he became a monk at Micy (Orleans) and founded a monastery at Javron.

Diodorus, Marianus and Companions Dec 1
+ 283. Martyrs in Rome under Numerian. A whole Christian church was martyred while gathered for prayer in the catacombs, the entrance of which had been blocked up.

Eligius (Eloi, Eloy) Dec 1
588-660. Born in Limoges in France, he was a skilled metalsmith and examples of his art survived until the French Revolution. He became master of the mint in Paris under King Clotaire II but in 640 became a priest and soon after Bishop of Noyon. He enlightened the areas round Antwerp, Ghent and Courtra in Belgium, and founded the monastery of Solignac and many other monasteries and convents.

Evasius Dec 1
+ ? 362. The first Bishop of Asti in Piedmont in Italy, from where he was driven out by the Arians and martyred under Julian the Apostate at Casale Monferrato.

Grwst Dec 1
7th cent. A saint whose memory is recalled by the place-name Llanrwst in Wales.

Leontius Dec 1
+ c 432. Bishop of Fréjus in France from c 419 to c 432. He was a great friend of St John Cassian who dedicated his first ten Conferences to him.

Lucius, Rogatus, Cassian and Candida Dec 1
? Martyrs in Rome.

Olympiades Dec 1
+ 303. By tradition a noble from Rome martyred in Amelia in Italy under Diocletian.

Proculus Dec 1
+ c 542. Bishop of Narni or Terni in Italy, martyred by Totila, King of the Goths.

Ursicinus Dec 1
+ c 347. Bishop of Brescia in Italy, he took part in the Council of Sardica. His shrine still exists in Brescia.

December 2

Bibiana (Vibiana, Vivian) Dec 2
? A holy virgin martyred in Rome.

Chromatius Dec 2
+ c 406. Bishop of Aquileia near Venice in Italy from 387 to 406. A holy and learned man, he was a friend of St John Chrysostom. We still have part of his commentary on St Matthew.

Eusebius, Marcellus, Hippolytus, Maximus, Adria, Paulina, Neon, Mary Martana and Aurelia Dec 2
+ 254-259. Martyrs in Rome under Valerian. Eusebius, a priest, Marcellus, his deacon, and Neon and Mary were beheaded; Adria and Hippolytus were scourged to death; Paulina died in a torture-chamber; Maximus was thrown into the Tiber.

Evasius Dec 2
? First Bishop of Brescia in Italy.

Lupus of Verona Dec 2
? Bishop of Verona in Italy.

Pontian and Companions Dec 2
+ c 259. A group of five martyrs who suffered in Rome under Valerian.

Severus, Securus, Januarius and Victorinus Dec 2
+ c 450. Martyrs in North Africa who suffered under the Vandals.

Silverius Dec 2
+ c 537. Born in Frosinone in Campania in Italy, he was the son of Pope Hormisdas. He was a subdeacon when elected Bishop of Rome. He was hated by the Empress Theodora for objecting to the Monophysite Bishop Anthimus. Condemned for high treason, he was finally exiled to an island off Naples where he was left to die and perhaps martyred.

December 3

Abbo Dec 3 κ
+ c 860 A monk and Abbot of St Germain in Auxerre in France. He became Bishop of Auxerre in 857.

Agricola Dec 3
? A martyr in Pannonia.

Attalia (Attala) Dec 3
c 697-741. A niece of St Ottilia, she became a nun and Abbess of St Stephen’s in Strasbourg in France.

Birinus Dec 3
+ c 650. Born in Lombardy in Italy, he was consecrated Bishop in Genoa and sent to England. Here he converted Cynegils, King of Wessex, and was given Dorchester in Oxfordshire as his see. He is known as the ‘Apostle of Wessex’.

Cassian Dec 3
+ 298. A court recorder, Cassian was taking down the Acts of the proceedings at the trial of St Marcellus at Tangier in North Africa. Indignant at the injustice done to the martyr, he threw down his pen and declared himself to be Orthodox. He was arrested and a few weeks later he too suffered martyrdom.

Claudius, Crispin, Magina, John and Stephen Dec 3
? Martyrs in North Africa.

Eloquius (Eloque) Dec 3
+ c 660. Disciple and successor of St Fursey as Abbot of Lagny in France.

Ethernan Dec 3
? Born in Scotland, he became a bishop in Ireland, returning to preach the Gospel in Scotland.

Lucius Dec 3
? + c 200. A noble in Britain. According to tradition, he asked that missionaries be sent to Britain and they founded the dioceses of London and Llandaff.

Mirocles Dec 3
+ 318. Archbishop of Milan in Italy, he helped develop the Ambrosian liturgy and church singing.

Sola (Sol, Solus, Suolo) Dec 3
+ 794. A monk and priest from England who followed St Boniface to Germany and lived as a hermit first near Fulda later near Eichstätt. Finally he settled on a piece of land where he founded the monastery called Solnhofen as a dependency of Fulda.

December 4

Ada Dec 4
End of 7th cent. Niece of Engebert, Bishop of Le Mans in France, she became a nun at Soissons and abbess in Le Mans.

Bertoara Dec 4
+ + 614. Abbess of Notre-Dame-de-Sales in Bourges in France.

Felix of Bologna Dec 4
+ 429. A deacon of the Church of Milan in Italy with St Ambrose and later the fifth Bishop of Bologna.

December 5

Basilissa Dec 5
+ c 780. Abbess of Oehren near Trier in Germany.

Bassus Dec 5
+ c 250. Bishop of Nice in France. He was martyred under Decius, his body transfixed with two huge nails.

Cawrdaf Dec 5
6th cent. A noble in Wales, he ended his life as a monk with St Illtyd.

Crispina Dec 5
+ 304. A wealthy matron in Thebeste in Numidia in North Africa. She was horribly tortured and ultimately beheaded.

Dalmatius Dec 5
+ 304. Born in Monza of pagan parents he became a Christian and preached in France and Italy until he became Bishop of Pavia. He was martyred under Maximian Herculeus a year later.

Friminus Dec 5
+ 6th cent. The seventh Bishop of Verdun in France.

Gerbold Dec 5
+ c 690. A monk at Ebriciacum in France, he later founded the monastery of Livray. Eventually he became Bishop of Bayeux.

John Gradenigo Dec 5
+ 1025. A nobleman from Venice in Italy who became a monk in Cuxa in the Catalonian Pyrenees in Spain. After many trials, he reposed as a hermit near Montecassino.

Julius, Potamia, Crispin, Felix, Gratus and Companions Dec 5
+ 302. Twelve martyrs who suffered in Thagura in Numidia in North Africa under Diocletian.

Justinian (Iestin) Dec 5
6th cent. Born in Brittany, he became a hermit on the Isle of Ramsey off the coast of south Wales, where he was murdered by evildoers and then venerated as a martyr.

Nicetius Dec 5
+ 566. The last of the Gallo-Roman bishops of Trier in Germany, consecrated in 532. He had been a monk and abbot in his native Auvergne in France. As a bishop he withstood the cruelty of the Franks by whom he was exiled for a time. He restored discipline among the clergy, rebuilt the Cathedral and combatted heresy.

Pelinus Dec 5
+ 361. A martyr in Confinium, a town in the south of Italy which is now destroyed, who suffered under Julian the Apostate.

Sigiranus (Cyran, Siran, Sigram) Dec 5
+ c 655 (or 690?). Born in a noble family, he became archdeacon of Tours in France, where his father was bishop. Then he became a monk and founded monasteries at Meobecq and Lonrey. The latter was called Saint-Cyran after him.

December 6

Asella Dec 6
+ c 406. ‘A flower of the Lord’, this virgin became a nun in Rome at the age of ten and then lived for many years until she became abbess, ‘the mother of many virgins’.

Auxilius, Isserninus and Secundinus Dec 6
5th cent. Workers with St Patrick in the enlightenment of Ireland.

Dionysia, Dativa, Leontia, Tertius, Emilian, Boniface and Companions Dec 6
+ 484. Martyrs in North Africa under the Arian Vandal Hunneric. Dionysia, a widow, died at the stake with her little child, Majoricus, and her sister Dativa. Emilian, a doctor, and Tertius, a monk, were flayed alive. The fanatics devised terrible deaths for the others also.

Gertrude the Elder Dec 6
+ 649. A widow who founded and was the first Abbess of Hamaye (Hamay, Hamage) near Douai in the north of France.

Majoricus Dec 6
+ 484. Son of St Dionysia, who encouraged him to suffer martyrdom and buried him in her own house. The martyrdom took place in North Africa under the Arian Hunneric the Vandal.

December 7

Ambrose Dec 7
c 339-397. Born in France, his father was prefect there. Before he was thirty-five, he was appointed governor of Liguria and Aemilia with his headquarters in Milan. The whole province was rent by the Arian controversy. When the Bishop of Milan died in 374, Ambrose, as governor, went to the Cathedral to ensure peace and order the new election. He himself, though still a catechumen, was elected by acclamation, after a child had been suddenly heard to cry out ‘Ambrose for bishop’. Ambrose’s objections were overruled and he was consecrated on Dec 7 374. He proved to be a Church Father. He excelled as an administrator, writer, protector of the poor and the ‘hammer of Arianism’.. He was outspoken in withstanding the tyranny of Emperors. His courage in reproving Theodosius the Great was a fine example of Orthodoxy. He reposed on Great Friday, April 4 397.

Anianus (Agnan) Dec 7
5th cent. Fifth Bishop of Chartres in France.

Buithe (Buite, Boethius) Dec 7
+ 521. After some years in Italy and elsewhere, he returned to Scotland and helped enlighten the Picts. Carbuddo is named after him.

Burgundofara (or Fara) Apr 3 and Dec 7
+ 657. Blessed by St Columbanus as a child, she became a nun despite her father’s opposition, and so began the convent of Brige in France. This was later called Faremoutiers, i.e. Fara’s Monastery, where she was abbess for thirty-seven years.

Diuma Dec 7
+ 658. Born in Ireland, he helped convert Mercia in England as a missionary and bishop.

Martin of Saujon Dec 7
+ c 400. A disciple of St Martin of Tours, he founded the monastery of Saujon in France.

Servus Dec 7
+ 483. A layman of noble birth who lived in North Africa. He was seized and tortured to death under the Arian Vandal King Hunneric.

Urban Dec 7
+ c 356. Bishop of Teano in Campania in Italy.

Victor of Piacenza Dec 7
+ 375. First Bishop of Piacenza in Italy c 322-375 and a defender of Orthodoxy against Arianism.

December 8

Eucharius Dec 8
1st cent. First Bishop of Trier in Germany.

Eutychian Dec 8
+ 283. Born in Etruria or Tuscany in Italy, in 275 he succeeded St Felix I as Pope of Rome. He is venerated as a martyr.

Gunthild Dec 8
+ c 748. A nun from Wimborne in England who went to Germany, where she became abbess of a convent in Thuringia.

Romaricus Dec 8
+ 653. A monk at Luxeuil in France, he founded the monastery of Habendum (afterwards called Remiremont, i.e. Romarici Mons, of which he became the second abbot.

December 9

Balda Dec 9
+ late 7th cent. Third Abbess of Jouarre in France. Her relics were enshrined in the church of Nesle-la-Reposte.

Budoc (Budeaux) Dec 9
? 7th cent. Born in Brittany, he became Abbot of Youghal in Ireland. Returning to Brittany, he succeeded Sts Samson and Maglorius as Bishop of Dol. Several places in Devon and Cornwall in England are named after him.

Cyprian Dec 9
+ 586. A monk at Périgueux in France, who ended his life as a hermit on the banks of the Dordogne. St Gregory of Tours wrote the Life of St Cyprian.

Enguerrammus (Angilram) Dec 9
+ 1045. Of humble family, he became a monk and Abbot of Saint Riquier in France. He was called ‘the Wise’.

Ethelgiva Dec 9
+ 896. The daughter of King Alfred the Great, she became first Abbess of Shaftesbury.

Leocadia (Locaie) Dec 9
+ c 303. A holy virgin in Toledo in Spain who was condemned to death and died in prison under Diocletian.

Peter, Successus, Bassian, Primitivus and Companions Dec 9
? Martyrs in North Africa.

Proculus Dec 9
+ c 320. Bishop of Verona in Italy. He was a confessor during the persecution of Diocletian, but reposed in peace.

Restitutus Dec 9
? Bishop of Carthage in North Africa.

Syrus Dec 9
3rd cent? First Bishop and main patron-saint of Pavia in Italy.

Valeria Dec 9
? By tradition she was converted by St Martial of Limoges in France and beheaded.

Wolfeius Dec 9
c 1000. A hermit at St Benet Hulme in Norfolk in England.

December 10

Carpophorus and Abundius Dec 10
+ 290-300. A priest and his deacon who suffered under Diocletian, either in Rome or else in Spoleto in Italy, or possibly in Seville in Spain.

Deusdedit of Brescia Dec 10
+ c 700. Bishop of Brescia in Italy, he played a leading part in the Councils against Monothelitism.

Eulalia Dec 10
+ c 304. The most famous virgin-martyr in Spain. Prudentius wrote a long hymn describing her martyrdom and she is mentioned by other writers. Born in Mérida, aged thirteen she was burnt at the stake there under Diocletian.

Gregory III Dec 10
+ 741. Born in Syria, he became Pope of Rome from 731 to 741. He was much troubled by Iconoclasm and the raids of the Lombards.

Guitmarus Dec 10
+ c 765. Fourth Abbot of Saint-Riquier in France.

Hildemar Dec 10
+ c 844. A monk at Corbie who became Bishop of Beauvais in France in 821.

Julia of Mérida Dec 10
+ c 304 A martyr together with St Eulalia in Mérida in Spain under Diocletian.

Mercurius and Companions Dec 10
+ c 300 (?) A group of soldiers told to escort Christian prisoners to their place of execution in Lentini in Sicily. The soldiers were so impressed by the prisoners that they too declared themselves believers in Christ and all of them were beheaded together.

Miltiades Dec 10
+ 314. Although he had a Greek name, he may have been born in North Africa. He was Pope of Rome from 311 to 314, when the Emperor Constantine granted toleration to the Church. St Miltiades condemned Donatism and was venerated as a martyr on account of his many sufferings during the persecution of Maximian.

Sindulf (Sindulphus) of Vienne Dec 10
+ c 669. The thirty-first Bishop of Vienne in France.

December 11

Cian Dec 11
6th cent. A hermit in Wales.

Eutychius Dec 11
4th cent. A martyr called San Oye either in Mérida or else in Cádiz in Spain.

Fidweten (Fivetein, Fidivitanus) Dec 11
+ c 888. A monk and disciple of St Convoyon in Redon in Brittany.

Peris Dec 11
? The patron saint of Llanberis in Wales.

Sabinus Dec 11
+ 420 Bishop of Piacenza in Italy and a close friend of St Ambrose, who used to send him his writings for revision and approval.

Trason, Pontian and Praetextatus Dec 11
+ c 302. Martyrs in Rome under Diocletian, put to death for ministering to Christian prisoners awaiting martyrdom.

Victoricus, Fuscian and Gentian Dec 11
+ c 287. Victoricus and Fuscian are described as early missionaries in France, martyred near Amiens. Gentian was an old man martyred while trying to protect them when they were arrested.

December 12

Abra Dec 12
c 342-360. Daughter of St Hilary of Poitiers in France. Following his advice she consecrated herself to God as a nun but reposed at the age of eighteen.

Agatha Dec 12
+ c 790. A nun at Wimborne in Dorset in England and a disciple of St Lioba, she went to Germany to help St Boniface in his missionary work.

Colman of Glendalough Dec 12
+ 659. Abbot of Glendalough in Ireland.

Columba Dec 12
+ 548. Born in Leinster in Ireland, he was a disciple of St Finian and Abbot of Tyrdaglas in Munster.

Corentinus (Cury) Dec 12
+ c 490. The first Bishop of Quimper in Brittany. He had lived as a hermit at Plomodiern.

Cormac Dec 12
6th cent. An abbot in Ireland and friend of St Columba.

Finian of Clonard Dec 12
+ c 549. Born in Myshall in Co. Carlow, he became a monk in Wales. After a long stay there, he returned to Ireland and founded many churches and monasteries. Clonard was the greatest and it was here that Finian had as disciples many of the so-called ‘Twelve Apostles of Ireland’, among whom was St Columba. Finian indeed became known as the ‘Teacher of the Irish Saints’.

Gregory of Terracina Dec 12
+ c 570. A disciple of St Benedict and with his brother St Speciosus, a monk at Terracina in Italy.

Maxentius, Constantius, Crescentius, Justin and Companions Dec 12
+ c 287. Martyrs in Trier in Germany in the reign of Diocletian.

Synesius Dec 12
+ 275. A reader in Rome martyred under Aurelian.

December 13

Antiochus Dec 13
+ c 110. A martyr on Sulci, a small island near Sardinia, under the Emperor Hadrian. The island is now also known as Isola di Sant’Antioco.

Autbert Dec 13
+ c 669. Bishop of Cambrai-Arras in France, he encouraged monastic life and founded monasteries including that of St Vedast (Saint Vaast) in Arras. Under him Hainault and Flanders became a vast monastic colony.

Edburgh (Edburga) of Thanet Dec 13
+ 751. A disciple of St Mildred, whom she probably succeeded as Abbess of Minster-in-Thanet in England in 716. She was a friend and correspondent of St Boniface.

Edburgh (Edburga) Dec 13
7th cent. A nun at Lyminge in Kent in England.

Einhild (Einhildis) and Roswinda Dec 13
8th cent. Nuns at Hohenburg in Alsace in France with St Ottilia. St Roswinda was probably St Ottilia’s sister. St Einhild became Abbess of Niedermünster near Hohenburg.

Judocus (Judganoc, Josse) Dec 13
+ c 668. A priest, brother of King Judicäel of Brittany. After a pilgrimage to Rome, he left Brittany and lived as a hermit in Villiers-Saint-Josse.

Lucy of Syracuse Dec 13
+ 304. A virgin-martyr who suffered in Syracuse in Sicily under Diocletian. She is one of the most famous Western virgin-martyrs. Her relics are preserved in Venice in Italy.

Odilia (Otilia, Othilia) Dec 13
+ c 720. By tradition St Ottilia was born blind and for this reason rejected by her family. She was adopted by a convent where she miraculously recovered her sight. Eventually she founded convents at Hohenburg (now Odilienberg) in Alsace in France and at Niedermünster in Germany.

Tassio Dec 13
+ c 794. Duke of Bavaria and a great monastic benefactor. After founding many monasteries and churches, he became a monk at Jumièges in France but reposed at Lorsch in Germany.

Wifred Dec 13
+ 1021. A monk and abbot of the monastery of St Victor in Marseilles in France.

December 14

Agnellus Dec 14
+ c 596. A hermit and then Abbot of San Gaudioso near Naples in Italy. He is one of the patron-saints of the city and was often seen to free the city from its enemies by the power of the cross.

Fingar (Gwinnear), Phiala and Companions Dec 14
5th cent. Fingar and Phiala, brother and sister, left their native Ireland and went to Cornwall, but were martyred with their companions in Hayle near Penzance by pagans.

Hibald (Hygbald) Dec 14
+ c 690. An abbot in Lincolnshire in England to whom several churches are dedicated, notably at Hibaldstow.

Justus and Abundius Dec 14
+ 283. Martyrs in Spain under Numerian. After a futile attempt to burn them at the stake, they were beheaded.

Matronian Dec 14
? Born in Milan in Italy, he became a hermit. His relics were enshrined by St Ambrose.

Nicasius, Eutropia and Companions Dec 14
+ c 407. Bishop of Rheims in France who was martyred with his sister Eutropia and a number of his clergy and faithful.

Pompeius Dec 14
+ c 290. Bishop of Pavia in Italy.

Venantius Fortunatus Dec 14
c 530-610. Born near Treviso in the north of Italy, aged thirty he settled in Poiters in France and was ordained. He became known to Queen St Radegunde who befriended him. He was a writer and poet: the hymns Vexilla Regis and Pange Lingua Gloriosa were composed by him. He became Bishop of Poitiers at the end of the sixth century.

Viator Dec 14
+ c 378. Probably an early Bishop of Bergamo in Italy from 344 to 378.

December 15

Adalbero Dec 15
+ 1005. A monk at the monastery of Gorze in France, he became Bishop of Verdun but was transferred to Metz.

Faustinus, Lucius, Candidus, Caelian, Mark, Januarius and Fortunatus Dec 15
? Martyrs in North Africa.

Florentius (Flann) Dec 15
7th cent. Abbot of Bangor in Ireland.

Maximinus (Mesmin) Dec 15
+ c 520. First Abbot of Micy near Orleans in France.

Offa Dec 15
c 709. King of Essex in England, he went to Rome and took up the monastic life

Urbitius (Úrbez) Dec 15
+ c 805. By tradition he was born in Bordeaux and became a monk in France but became a prisoner of the Saracens and was taken to Spain. He managed to escape and settled as a hermit in the valley of Nocito in the Pyrenees near Huesca.

Valerian Dec 15
+ 457. Bishop of Abbenza in North Africa who, aged over eighty, was left to die of exposure for refusing to give up the sacred vessels. He died under the Arian Genseric King of the Vandals.

December 16

Adelaide Dec 16
c 930-999. Daughter of the King of Burgundy in France, she was married to Lothair II of Italy. She was rescued from brutality after his death by Otto the Great who married her. Widowed again, she was maltreated by her son and daughter-in-law. In old age she became the regent of the Empire. At the end of her life she became a nun.

Ado Dec 16
799-875. Born in Burgundy in France, he became a monk at Prüm near Trier in Germany. From here he travelled to Rome. On his return he became Bishop of Vienne and was an excellent bishop. He is remembered for the martyrology which bears his name.

Africa, Martyrs of North-West Africa Dec 16
+ 482. A great number of women martyred under Hunneric, Arian King of the Vandals.

Beoc (Beanus, Dabeoc, Mobeoc) Dec 16
5th (or 6th) cent. Founder of a monastery on an island in Lough Derg in Donegal in Ireland.

Valentine, Concordius, Navalis and Agricola Dec 16
+ c 305. Martyrs venerated in Ravenna in Italy.

December 17

Begga Dec 17
+ 698. Daughter of St Pepin of Landen and St Ida and sister of two other saints. She married Angisilus (Ansegis), son of St Arnulf of Metz. After her husband’s death St Begga founded a convent in Andenne on the Meuse in Belgium where she was abbess.

Briarch Dec 17
+ c 627. Born in Ireland, he became a monk in Wales with St Tudwal, whom he accompanied to Brittany. He built a monastery in Guingamp and reposed in Bourbiac.

Eigil (Aeigilus) Dec 17
+ 822. A monk at Fulda in Germany, he became Abbot there in 817.

Judicäel Dec 17
+ 658. King of Brittany, much loved by his people. After a victorious reign he abdicated and spent the last twenty years of his life in the monastery of Gäel near Vannes.

Maxentiolus (Mezenceul) Dec 17
5th cent. A disciple of St Martin of Tours in France, he founded Our Lady of Cunault.

Sturm (Sturmi) Dec 17
+ 779. As a child he was entrusted to St Boniface and brought up in the monastery of Fritzlar in Germany. Ordained, he was sent to enlighten the Saxons. He went to find a suitable site for a monastery in central Germany and chose Fulda. Sturm then went to Montecassino and on his return became Abbot of Fulda. Dearly loved by his monks, Sturm is considered as second only to Boniface as Apostle of Germany.

Tydecho Dec 17
6th cent. Brother of St Cadfan in Wales. He and his sister lived in Gwynedd. Several churches are dedicated to him.

December 18

Bodagisil Dec 18
+ 588. He founded and was the first abbot of a monastery on the Meuse in Belgium

Desideratus Dec 18
+ c 700. Son of St Waningus, the founder of the monastery of Fécamp, he became a monk at Fontenelle in the north of France. His relics were enshrined in Ghent in Belgium.

Flannan Dec 18
7th cent. First Bishop of Killaloe in Ireland, he also worked in the Hebrides and elsewhere. He managed to recite the whole Psalter every day.

Gatian Dec 18
+? c 337. He was venerated as a disciple of St Dionysius of Paris and the first Bishop of Tours in France.

Moses (Moysetes) Dec 18
+ c 250. A martyr in North Africa who probably suffered under Decius.

Quintus, Simplicius and Companions Dec 18
+ c 255. Martyrs in North Africa under the Emperors Decius and Valerian.

Rufus and Zosimus Dec 18
+ c 107. Citizens of Philippi brought to Rome with St Ignatius of Antioch and thrown to the beasts in the Roman amphitheatre two days before the latter’s martyrdom.

Samthan Dec 18
6th cent. Foundress of the convent of Clonbroney in Co. Longford in Ireland.

Victurus, Victor, Victorinus, Adjutor, Quartus and Companions Dec 18
? A group of thirty-five martyrs in North Africa.

Winebald Dec 18
+ 761. Born in England, he was the brother of Sts Willibald and Walburgh. While on pilgrimage to the Holy Land with his brother Winebald, he was taken ill and remained in Rome. Eventually he returned to England and went to Germany where he became Abbot of Heidenheim and then Bishop of Eichstätt.

December 19

Anastasius I Dec 19
+ 401. Pope of Rome and a man of poverty and the apostolic mind, he stopped the spread of Origenism at a Council held in 400.

Avitus (or Adjutus) Dec 19
? Abbot of Micy near Orleans in France.

Fausta Dec 19
3rd cent. The mother of St Anastasia of Sirmium in Dalmatia.

Gregory of Auxerre Dec 19
+ c 540. The twelfth bishop of Auxerre in France. He was bishop for thirteen years and reposed at the age of eighty-five.

Manirus Dec 19
? One of the Apostles of the north of Scotland.

Ribert (Ribarius) Dec 19
+ c 790. Seventeenth Abbot of Saint-Oyend in France. He is venerated in Franche-Comté.

Timothy Dec 19
+ c 250. A deacon burnt alive in North Africa under Decius.

December 20

Dominic of Brescia Dec 20
+ c 612. The successor of St Anastasius as Bishop of Brescia in Italy.

Liberatus and Bajulus Dec 20
? Martyrs venerated in Rome.

Ursicinus Dec 20
+ c 585. Bishop of Cahors in France. He is often mentioned by St Gregory of Tours.

Ursicinus Dec 20
+ c 625. Born in Ireland, he was a disciple of St Columbanus. He founded the monastery of St Ursanne from which the town in Switzerland takes its name.

December 21

Baudacarius Dec 21
+ 650. A monk at Bobbio in the north of Italy.

Bernwald (Beornwald) Dec 21
8c? A righteous priest in Bampton in Oxfordshire in England.

Honoratus of Toulouse Dec 21
+ 3rd cent. Born in Spain, he succeeded St Saturninus as Bishop of Toulouse in France.

John Vincent Dec 21
+ 1012. Born in Ravenna in Italy, he became a monk at St Michael in Chiusa and then a hermit on Monte Caprario. Finally he became bishop nearby.

John and Festus Dec 21
? Martyrs honoured in Tuscany in Italy.

Severinus Dec 21
+ c 300. Bishop of Trier in Germany.

December 22

Amaswinthus Dec 22
+ 982. Monk and abbot for forty-two years at a monastery in Silva de Málaga in Spain.

Demetrius, Honoratus and Florus Dec 22
? Martyrs in Ostia in Italy.

Flavian Dec 22
+ 362. An ex-prefect of Rome, branded on the forehead as a slave and exiled to the village of Acquapendente in Tuscany in Italy by Julian the Apostate. He reposed there while in prayer.

Hunger Dec 22
+ 866. Bishop of Utrecht in Holland from 856. During the Norman invasion he fled to Prüm in Germany where he died.

Rome (Martyrs of) Dec 22
+ c 303. A group of thirty martyrs who suffered in Rome under Diocletian and were buried on the Via Lavicana.

December 23

Dagobert II Dec 23
+ 679. The King of Austrasia in the east of France, he was exiled to a monastery in 656, recalled in 675 and martyred by the tyrant Ebroin

Frithbert Dec 23
+ 766. The successor of St Acca as Bishop of Hexham, where he served for thirty-four years.

Mazota Dec 23
? 8th cent. The leader of a group of nineteen holy virgins who went from Ireland to Scotland and founded a monastery at Abernethy on the Tay.

Migdonius and Mardonius Dec 23
+ 303. High officials at the imperial court in Rome. When persecution broke out under Diocletian in 303, they refused to renounce their Faith. Migdonius was burnt at the stake and Mardonius drowned in a well.

Servulus Dec 23
+ c 590. A righteous man who was a cripple and used to beg for alms at the door of the church of St Clement in Rome, sharing what he received with other beggars.

Victoria and Anatolia Dec 23
+ 250. Two sisters martyred in Rome for refusing to marry pagans.

Vintila Dec 23
+ 890. A monk who reposed as a hermit in Pugino in Galicia in Spain.

December 24

Adela Dec 24
+ c 730. Daughter of Dagobert II, King of the Franks. In her widowhood she founded and became the first Abbess of Pfalzel near Trier in Germany.

Alberic (Albert) Dec 24
10th cent. A monk at Gladbach in Germany.

Bruno Dec 24
+ c 1050. A holy man at the monastery of Ottobeuren in Bavaria in Germany.

Caranus Dec 24
7th cent. A saint of the east of Scotland.

Delphinus Dec 24
+ 404. Bishop of Bordeaux in France. He is helped convert St Paulinus of Nola and was an untiring opponent of Priscillianism.

Gregory of Spoleto Dec 24
? A priest martyred in Spoleto in Italy under Maximinian Herculeus.

Irmina Dec 24
+ 708. Given in marriage at the age of fifteen. Her betrothed died on her wedding day,. She then persuaded her father, Dagobert II, to build for her the convent of Oehren near Trier in Germany. She also built the monastery of Echternach for St Willibrord (698). She reposed at the monastery of Weissenburg.

Lucian, Metrobius, Paul, Zenobius, Theotimus and Drusus Dec 24
? Martyrs in Tripoli in North Africa.

Tarsila Dec 24
+ c 581. An aunt of St Gregory the Great, sister of St Emiliana and niece of Pope Felix. She led a life of seclusion and asceticism in her paternal home.

Venerandus Dec 24
+ 423. Born of a senatorial family in Clermont in Auvergne in France, he became bishop there (385-423).

December 25

Adalsindis Dec 25
c 715. One of the daughters of Sts Adalbald and Rictrudis, she became a nun at Hamay-les-Marchiennes near Arras in France under her own sister St Eusebia.

Alburgh (Alburga) Dec 25
+ c 810. Sister of St Egbert of Wessex in England and wife of Wulstan of Wiltshire, she founded a convent in Wilton near Salisbury, where she became a nun in her widowhood.

Anastasia Dec 25
+ c 304. According to her Life, she suffered in Sirmium in Dalmatia, her relics were taken to Constantinople and veneration spread to Rome, where a basilica is dedicated to her.

Eugenia Dec 25
+ ?257. A virgin-martyr in Rome under Valerian, she was buried in the cemetery of Apronian on the Via Latina.

December 26

Amaethlu (Maethlu) Dec 26
6th cent. Llanfaethlu, a church founded by him in Anglesey in Wales, is named after him.

Dionysius Dec 26
+ 268. A priest chosen as Pope of Rome in 259, he restored the Roman Church after the persecution of Valerian, opposed Sabellius and condemned Paul of Samosata.

Marinus Dec 26
+ 283. The son of a senator in Rome, he was martyred by beheading under Numerian.

Tathai (Tathan, Tathaeus, Athaeus) Dec 26
Early 6th cent. A hermit who settled in Glamorgan in Wales where he founded a monastery called St Athan’s.

Theodore the Sacrist Dec 26
+ 6th cent. A holy man and contemporary of St Gregory the Great in Rome.

Zosimus Dec 26
+ 418. A Greek Pope of Rome.

December 27

Fabiola Dec 27
+ 399. A patrician in Rome who married and divorced. She married again, causing scandal. After the death of her second husband, she repented and devoted her wealth to the care of the sick in a hospital which she established. She also founded a hostel for pilgrims in Rome and was greatly venerated.

December 28

Antony of Lérins Dec 28
+ c 520. Born in Lower Pannonia, he served God as a hermit in several places north of the Alps until he found rest for the last two years of his life as a monk at Lérins in France.

Castor, Victor and Rogatian Dec 28
? Martyrs in North Africa.

Domnio Dec 28
4th cent. A righteous priest in Rome.

Maughold (Maccaldus) Dec 28
+ c 488. A former brigand in Ireland, he was converted by St Patrick and sent to the Isle of Man, where his episcopate was very fruitful.

Romulus and Conindrus Dec 28
+ c 450. Two of the first people to preach Orthodoxy on the Isle of Man, they were contemporaries of St Patrick.

December 29

Albert of Gambron Dec 29
7th cent. A courtier who became a hermit and later founded the small monastery of Gambron-sur-l’Authion in France.

Callistus, Felix and Boniface Dec 29
? Martyrs in Rome.

Dominic, Victor, Primian, Lybosus, Saturninus, Crescentius, Secundus and Honoratus Dec 29
? Martyrs in North Africa.

Ebrulfus (Evroult) Dec 29
626-706. Born in Bayeux in France, he became a monk at the monastery of Deux Jumeaux, and later founded a monastery at Ouche and also other smaller monasteries.

Girald (Girard, Giraud) Dec 29
+ 1031. A monk at Lagny in France and later Abbot of Saint-Arnoul, he became Abbot of Fontenelle where he was murdered.

Trophimus Dec 29
+ c 280. First Bishop of Arles in France.

December 30

Egwin Dec 30
+ 717. Consecrated to God in his youth, he eventually became the third Bishop of Worcester in England in 692 and may have founded the monastery of Evesham.

Eugene Dec 30
? Bishop of Milan in Italy.

Liberius Dec 30
+ c 200. Bishop of Ravenna in Italy, venerated as one of the founders of that diocese.

Sabinus, Exuperantius, Marcellus, Venustian and Companions Dec 30
+ 303. Sabinus is described as a bishop who was martyred near Spoleto in Italy. Venustian and his family were converts of Sabinus, while Exuperantius and Marcellus are said to have been his deacons.

Sebastian Dec 30
+ c 1036. A monk who became Archbishop of Esztergom (1002) and Primate of Hungary in the time of St Stephen.

December 31

Barbatian Dec 31
5th cent. A priest from Antioch who went to Rome and there attracted the attention of the Empress, Placidia Augusta. through his wise counsel. She encouraged him to live in Ravenna in Italy near the imperial court, where a monastery was built.

Columba of Sens Dec 31
+ 273. Born in Spain, she left her country to avoid being denounced as a Christian. She went to France with other Spanish Christians, but all of them were martyred near Meaux under Aurelian. Her shrine was in Sens.

Melania the Younger and Pinian Dec 31
c 383-438. Melania was the granddaughter of St Melania the Elder. Born in Rome, she married a man called Pinian. They had two children who died young. About the year 410 they left Rome, the former entering a monastery and the latter a convent in Jerusalem.

Peter of Subiaco Dec 31
+ 1003. The twenty-second Abbot of Subiaco in Italy. For defending his monastery, he was blinded and died in prison.

Sabinian and Potentian Dec 31
+ c 300. Sabinian is honoured as the first Bishop of Sens in France. Potentian was perhaps his successor. Both were martyred.

Silvester Dec 31 (In the East Jan 2)
+ 335. Silvester came from Rome and served the Church as Pope from 314 to 335, helping convert St Constantine. Most of his relics are enshrined in San Silvestro in Capite in Rome.

Stephen, Pontian, Attalus, Fabian, Cornelius, Sextus, Flos, Quintian, Minervinus and Simplician Dec 31
? Early martyrs in Catania in Sicily.

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