Άγιος Νικόλαος ο Γραικός, ηγούμενος της Μονής του Prata της Ιταλίας (+1010) – 13 Ιανουαρίου



Άγιος Νικόλαος ο Γραικός,

ηγούμενος της Μονής του Prata της Ιταλίας (+1010)

13 Ιανουαρίου

Ο Άγιος Νικόλαος ο Γραικός (ιταλικά: San Nicola Greco) (910-13 Ιανουαρίου 1010) ήταν Αρχιμανδρίτης της κοινότητας των ελληνο-ιταλών μοναχών του Prata, στο Casoli. Τιμάται ως Άγιος και τα Ιερά Λείψανά του σώζονται στην Guardiagrele, μια πόλη της οποίας είναι πολιούχος.

Κατά την Βυζαντινή Αυτοκρατορία, τον 8ο αιώνα, λόγω της Εικονομαχίας, πολλές κοινότητες μοναχών από την Κωνσταντινούπολη εγκαταστάθηκαν στην νότια Ιταλία (Σικελία, Καλαβρία) δημιουργώντας έτσι το φαινόμενο του ιταλο-ελληνικού μοναχισμού.

Οι επιδρομές των Σαρακηνών τον 10ο αιώνα απείλησαν την επιβίωση αυτών των μοναστικών κοινοτήτων. Το 977, υπό την καθοδήγηση του Αρχιμανδρίτη Ιλαρίωνα, μια ομάδα 28 μοναχών από τα μοναστήρια του Αγίου Μαρτίνου αναζήτησαν καταφύγιο στην περιοχή Sannio.

Πολλοί από τους μοναχούς προτίμησαν να αποσυρθούν ως αναχωρητές στα βουνά του Molise. Ο Αρχιμανδρίτης Ιλαρίων και επτά από τους μαθητές του, συμπεριλαμβανομένου του Αγίου Νικολάου, εγκαταστάθηκαν στο Abruzzo. Εκεί αγόρασαν το κάστρο της Prata, στο Casoli, όπου βρισκόταν το παλαιό αββαείο του Montecassino.

Ο Ηγούμενος Ιλαρίων λόγω ταπεινοφροσύνης δεν είχε επιλέξει διάδοχο γι’αυτό όταν εκοιμήθη οι μοναχοί δεν μπόρεσαν να εκλέξουν νέο ηγούμενο. Έτσι, για την επιλογή, ακολούθησαν μια διαδικασία κατά την οποία κρατούσε ο καθένας ένα δοχείο στις όχθες του ποταμού Aventino, και περίμεναν έως ότου ένα ψάρι έρθει σε ένα από αυτά. Αυτός στου οποίου το δοχείο θα ερχόταν το ψάρι θα ήταν ο νέος ηγούμενος. Τελικά μέσω της διαδικάσιας εξελέγη ηγούμενος ο Άγιος Νικόλαος. Χαρακτηριστικά της ζωής του αποτέλεσαν τα έργα φιλανθρωπίας και η μυστηριακή ζωή. Πέθανε σε ηλικία 100 ετών στη μονή της Prata, πιθανότατα στις 13 Ιανουαρίου του έτους κατά τη θητεία του Πάπα Σεργίου IV (1009-1012).

Στον Ορθόδοξο Μητροπολιτικό Ναό της πόλης Μιχάλοβτσε της Σλοβακίας, έδρα της Μητρόπολης Μιχαλουπόλεως και Κασσοβίας, φυλάσσεται τεμάχιο από το Ιερό Λείψανο του Αγίου Νικολάου του Γραικού, το οποίο δωρήθηκε στην Μητρόπολη Μιχαλουπόλεως με ενέργειες του Μητροπολίτη Γεωργίου.


The 9 Saints nonuplet sisters Virgin-Martyrs of Portugal: Saints Wilgefortis (Liberata) the crusified, Marina, Quiteria, Genibera, Eufemia, Marciana, Germana, Basilia & Victoria the Virgin-Martyrs in Mediterranean (+139) & Saint Ovidius 3rd Bishop of Braga, Portugal (+135)



The 9 Saints nonuplet sisters Virgin-Martyrs of Portugal:

Saints Wilgefortis (Liberata) the crusified, Marina, Quiteria, Genibera, Eufemia, Marciana, Germana, Basilia & Victoria the Virgin-Martyrs in Mediterranean (+139)

& Saint Ovidius 3rd Bishop of Braga, Portugal (+135)


Saint Virgin-Martyr Wilgefortis or Liberata the crusified

in some icons show her with a beard in a memory of Virgin Mary’s miracle

to avoid to marry the pagan king

The names of the 9 Virgin-Martyrs from Portugal:

Saint Wilgefortis or Liberata or Eutropia the crucified, Virgin-Martyr in Aguas Santas, Spain (July 20, +139)

Saint Marina or Margarida, Virgin-Martyr in Aguas Santas, Spain  (January 18, +139)

Saint Quiteria, Virgin-Martyr in Aire-sur-l’Adour, France (May 22, +139)

Saint Eufemia or Eumelia, Virgin-Martyr in Braga, Portugal (September 16, +139)

Saint Marciana or Marica, Virgin-Martyr in Toledo, Spain (January 9, +139)

Saint Germana Virgin-Martyr and the Saints Paul, Gerontius, January, Saturninus, Suxessus, Julius, Katus and Pia, Martyrs in Numidia, North Africa (January 19, +139)

Saint Victoria / Vitoria / Rita, Virgin-Martyr from Braga, Portugal (November 17, +139)

Saint Genibera / Genebra / Gemma, Virgin-Martyr from Braga, Portugal (+139)

Saint Basilia or Basilissa, Virgin-Martyr from Braga, Portugal (July 12, +139)

Feast days: Jan 9, 18 & 19, May 22, June 3, July 12 & 20, Sep 16

The Saints 9 Virgin-Martyrs of Portugal were born in the year 119 A.D. in Braga, Portugal. They were the daughters of pagan Castelius Lucius Severus and Calsia.

Her mother, Calsia was disgusted at the fact that she went through nine childbirths and not one of them was male. She called on her maid Sila to dispose of them by drowning the nine infants. Sila was a follower of Christianity so she ended up giving the babies to a Christian monk to be raised in the Christian community. Their father King Lucio was completely unaware of their birth.

Saint Ovidius the Bishop of Braga in Portugal, took care of the girls, baptized them Christian, and taught them all about Christianity. St Quiteria was the most dedicated out of her sisters when it came to their faith. She was fascinated with the Virgin Mary and the words of Christ. The monk eventually told the girls that their biological parents were the Royal Rulers of the country, but none of them had the desire to live a luxurious life.

St Wilgefortis (Liberata), St Quiteria and their seven other sisters around breaking Christians out of jail. This lasted for a few years until they were caught and brought to the King. Once the King realized who they were he asked them to live in the palace. While the sisters lived there they praised Jesus everyday and eventually turned their room into a prayer hall. When the King realized they were Christians he told them to give it up and marry Roman pagans. They refused and were locked up in jail. In jail they praised and glorified Jesus, and eventually an angel came and told St Quiteria “Happy and fortunate you are, for you deserved to find grace in front of God, so that God has chosen you as his spouse. It is God’s will, that you are to live in solitude in the mount Oria and there you will exercise in oration and contemplation”. The angel released them from jail and they escaped all going in different directions. St Quiteria followed the angel and lived on the top of a mountain, where she was eventually captured. Once she again declined the marriage offer, she was imprisoned. Again she was freed by an angel, and returned to the mountain along with a group of other women whom she converted to Christianity. Along the way she had received the crown of martyrdom, and met Prosen Lastiano the ruler of the city Aufragia. She converted him to Christianity, but then a few days later he gave it up and became a pagan again. Prosen and his soldiers reached the mountain with intentions to kill her, but as the were ascending he fell down suddenly and lost all feeling in his hands and legs. Through the prayer of St Quiteria he regained his senses, and became full of faith. King Lucio was infuriated at the fact that his daughter converted women from his palace and one of his good friends to Christianity. Lucio and his soldiers left the palace so they could hunt her down. When they finally found her at the Aire-sur-l’Adour church in Gascony, France, he again tried to force her into marriage, and she declined because she wanted to remain a virgin for Jesus. Her father then ordered one of his soldiers to behead her, and it was done instantly. They also beheaded all of the other Christian women she was with. Αfter she was beheaded she walked to the Church of the Virgin Mary with her head in her hands.

Saint Marina was condemned to die in an oven. But she was rescued from this fate by St. Peter, who brought her out of the oven and water to cool her off. Later she was beheaded, but her head bounced around three times causing three fountains to spring from the ground.

In the place where she martyred there are:

-The prison of Saint Marina

-The church of Ascension: The oven of torture

-“Piocas”: The pond, where she was refreshed by St. Apostle Peter

-The sacred Fountains of Saint Marina: The places where her head bounced

-Saint Marina’s Oaks: Places with miraculous properties

-Vacariza carving stones

A parallel archaeological excavation and study of the local church has shown that the earliest layer of the present Church was built in the 6th century (AD 502 – 593).

Saint Wilgefortis, or Liberata, was martyred after Saint Marina in Aguas Santa in Spain. She was promised by her father to a pagan king. She took a vow of virginity and tried to stave off the wedding through prayer; she hoped to become repulsive and thus undesirable. Her prayers were answered in an odd way. She sprouted a beard.Her father, furious, had her crucified.

Saint Euphemia, or Eumelia, another sister, threw herself from a cliff to avoid capture. When she fell, the rock opened and swallowed her whole; a spring immediately appeared on the spot. This idea of being swallowed by rock and a subsequent spring echoes the Galician legends around St. Jacques and legends around Saint Fris, whose cult is centered in Gascony….where a lot of the 9-sisters action was said to have taken place.

Their sister Saint Marciana arrested in Toledo in Spain, where she was martyred.

Their sister Saint Victoria arrested in Cordoba in Spain, where she was martyred.

Their sister Saint Germana arrested and martyred in Numidia in North Africa, with the Saint Martyr Paul and 17 other Holy Martyrs.

Their sisters Saint Genibera and Saint Basilia arrested and martyred in Mediterranean Sea.

Saint Ovidius, also Saint Auditus, is a Portuguese saint. Saint Ovidius was a Roman citizen of Sicilian origin. Tradition states that he was sent to Braga by Pope Clement I, where he served as the city’s third bishop around 95. He baptized Saint Wilgifortis (Liberata) and her sisters after they were abandoned by their mother.

He was martyred for his Christian faith in 135.

The Portuguese call him Santo Ovídio, and sometimes, by the folkloric São Ouvido (literally “he who is heard” or “ear”), a folk-etymological translation of the Latin name Auditus; this name was then rendered as Ovídio. Because of his name, Saint Auditus or Ovidius was traditionally invoked against auditory diseases.

His feast day is June 3.




Abel-Tasos Gkiouzelis



Животоописание на св. Димитра Егоровна на Киев от България (+1878) – Bulgarian



Животоописание на св. Димитра Егоровна
на Киев от България (+1878)

Св. преподобна Димитра Киевска, в света Матрона Александровна Егоровна, е родена през 1810 г. в българския град Силистра. Тя била възпитана от благочестивите си родители Александър и мария в духа на православната вяра, с многочислените примери на житията и благочестието на светците, прославили българската земя.

В края на 20-те години на XIX в. семейството на преподобната Димитра се преселило в Бесарабия. Съпругът й, капитанът от руската армия Иван Егоров, загинал геройски в Кримската война (1853–1856). Матушка Димитра взела участие в отбраната на Севастопол (1855–1856), като помагала на ранените на бойното поле. През Руско-турската война (1877–1878) пък организирала в дома си в Киев лазарет за ранените войници. За участието си във войните тя получила няколко награди.

През 1856 г. тя заминала за Киев и се установила в Печерск. Водила благочестив и скромен живот, черпела нравствени сили в молитвата и в четенето на духовни книги, и посещавала често манастирските храмове. Часовете на уединение и молитва укрепили духа и надеждата й в Божието милосърдие.

Боголюбская икона Божией Матери. Источник: pravmir.ruТук, в Киев, се състояла забележителна среща, която променила целия й по-нататъшен живот. По Божий промисъл матушка Димитра се запознала с Киевския митрополит Исидор (Николски) (1858–1860), един от най-известните йерарси на Руската православна църква. Той станал неин духовен отец и наставник в продължение на много години. Тя дълбоко почитала своя духовник и не предприемала без благословията му нищо. Митрополит Исидор посочил на матушка подвижническия път, и, като го следвала, тя успяла да направи много за благото на Църквата и обществото.

По предложение на владиката, матушка Димитра се заела със създаването на религиозна женска община за вдовици и сираци на загиналите през време на войните и за бедни безприютни цени. За благослов и покровителство на бъдещата обител, митрополит Исидор й подарил на досточтимата Боголюбската икона на Божията Майка. По-късно, когато заемал Сакт-Петербургската катедра (1860-1892), митрополит Исидор неизменно покровителствувал и подмагал общината.

С благословията и помощта на митрополит Исидор преподобна Димитра започнала през 1960 г. да изкупува имоти около нейния и през 1876 г. притежавала огромен земеделски участък с многобройни постройки – почти целия Печорски квартал в Киев. В него тя възнамерявала да създаде женска религиозна община. Това си намерение тя изложила в своето духовно завещание, написано в Санкт-Петербург.

През 1877 г. тя се обърнала с молба към Киевския митрополит Филотей да разреши основаването на женска община, в която да живеят 33 вдовици и сирачета, които нямат средства за живот и желаят да се посветят на Бога и Църквата. Молбата й била удовлетворена и на 4 март 1878 г. с указ на император Александър II в Киев била учредена Веденската женска религиозна община “Въведение Богородично”.

В полза на общината тя дарила земеделски участъци и няколко жилищни домове, както и ценни книжа на стойност 21 000 рубли. Тя подготвила всичко относно устройството на общината и поръчала в Санкт-Петербург да бъде изработен иконостас.

През средата на XIX в. в Украйна се появили много женски религиозни общини. Те имали забележителна роля в делото на християнското милосърдие. Общините обединявали жени от всички възрасти и съсловия, които имали еднакъв духовен стремеж – служба на страдащите. За разлика от манастирите, в общините не практикували пострижение на иконики (монахини), но се съблюдавал обета на безбрачието и правилата на религиозния и трудовия живот. Пътят на развитие и характерът на тези общини бил различен, но всяка от тях била белязана от личността и жизнения път на своята учредителка. Първа от създадените такива общини в Киев била Свето-Веденската, основана от Матрона Александровна Егорова.

Матрона Егоровна не успяла да дочака завършека на своето свято дело. Броени дни след основаването на общината, тя починала мирно и с упование на Господа на 9 (22 март) 1878 г. в Санкт-Петербург. Още приживе приемайки матушка приела тайно монашески постриг с името Димитра, в чест на св. Димитър Солунски – светия покровител на българите и на войните.

По решение на митр. Исидор преподобната била погребана временно в лаврата “Св. Александър Невски”, но още същата година мощите й били пренесени в Киев и положени във втория храм на общината “Св. великомъченик Димитър”. Обитателките почитали молитвено паметта на основателката на общността. Ежегодно на 9 март (22 март) – в деня на нейната смърт, и на 26 октомври (8 ноември) – храмовият празник на общината, киевските митрополити, архимандри от Киево-Печорската Лавра или други йереи отслужвали Божествената литургия в храма “Св. Димитър” и панихида на гроба на преподобната.

През 19985 г. от България била изпратена бяла мраморна плоча с надпис: “Основательница Кіевской Введенской Общины монахиня Димитра Матрона Александровна Егорова. Родилась въ Силистріи 1810 года скончалась 9 марта 1878 года”.

През 1992 г. Руската Православна църква предала Веденската църква на Украинската Православна църква.
На 8 ноември 2008 г., по време на тържественото честване на 130-годишнината от основаването на Свято-Веденския манастир, Украинската православна църква (Московска патриаршия) причисли Матрона Александровна към лика на поместно почитаните светии. Тя бе канонизирана с още една монахиня от манастира – св. Олимпиада, духовна наставница на архим. Антоний, впоследствие игумен на Троице-Сергиевата лавра в Русия.

Днес поклонници от Украйна и други православни страни се покланят на мощите на света Димитра в процъфтяващия Свето-Веденски манастир. По благодатните молитви на преподобна Димитра много от тях получават изцеление. Нейният духовен подвиг и богоугоден живот приживе, нейната жертвеност, безстрашие и готовност да се притече на помощ на бездомните и страдащите, са благотворен пример за много православни, поведени от Господа по пътя на покаянието и дейната любов за спасението на своите души.

Паметта на св. Димитра Киевска Църквата чества на 9 & 22 март.

Continue reading “Животоописание на св. Димитра Егоровна на Киев от България (+1878) – Bulgarian”

Η θαυμαστή μεταστροφή ενός βασιλιά και ολόκληριου του λαού του μέσω των Αγίων Πάυλου του Επισκόπου & Ιωάννου του Πρεσβυτέρου στην Ασία (+5ος αιώνας)



Η θαυμαστή μεταστροφή ενός βασιλιά

& ολόκληριου του λαού του μέσω των Αγίων Πάυλου του Επισκόπου

& Ιωάννου του Πρεσβυτέρου στην Ασία (+5ος αιώνας)

Ἅγιοι Παῦλος ὁ Ἐπίσκοπος καί Ἰωάννης ὁ Πρεσβύτερος, ὅσιοι στην Μ. Ἀσία, Συρία, Λίβανο και Μεσσοποταμία (30 Ιουλίου, +5ος αἰ.) [Πηγή: Οἱ Ὅσιοι Παῦλος ὁ Ἐπίσκοπος καί Ἰωάννης ὁ Πρεσβύτερος, Ἁγνωστα Συναξάρια 3, ἐκδ. Ἑνωμένη Ρωμηοσύνη, Θεσ/νίκη 2016]

«Τούς Ἁγίους Παύλο τόν Ἐπίσκοπο καί Ἰωάννη τον Πρεσβύτερο (30 Ἰλ, +5ος αἰ.) τούς ἔδεσε μέ μεγάλη σιγουριά καί τούς ἔβγαλε ἔξω ἀπ᾽τό στρατόπεδό τους, σ᾽ ἕνα τόπο μέ πολλούς φοίνικες, ἀπ᾽ τούς ὁποίους τρέφονταν οἱ ντόπιοι Ἄραβες. Ὑπῆρχε στό μέσο τῶν φοινικῶν ἕνα πολύ ὑψηλό καί ὡραῖο δένδρο, κάτω ἀπ᾽ τό ὁποῖο ἔβαλαν τούς Ἅγίους μέ τήν πρόθεσι νά τούς σφάξουν. Τότε ὁ μακάριος Ἰωάννης προσεφώνησε τόν ἄρχοντα τους λέγοντας:

—Πλησίασε ἐδῶ, γιά νά σοῦ μιλήσω. Καί κάθώς πλησίασε, τοῦ λέει: Τί εἶναι γιά σᾶς τοῦτο τό δένδρο;

Καί τοῦ ἀπαντᾶ:

—Εἶναι θεός ὅλου αὐτοῦ τοῦ στρατῶνα.

Τοῦ λέει ὁ μακάριος Ἰωάννης:

—Ἄν συμφωνῆς, λοιπόν, σύναξε ἐδῶ τούς φίλους σου καί ἐπικαλεσθῆτε τό θεό σας, καί ἐμεῖς νά ἐπικαλεσθοῦμε τό δικό μας Θεό, καί ὅποιος θεός νικήσει, αὐτός εἶναι ὁ ἀληθινός Θεός καί αὐτόν πρέπει νά ἀκολουθήσετε.

Καί τοῦ ἀποκρίνεται ὁ βασιλιάς:

—Πολύ σοφή ἡ κρίσι σου.

Τότε ὁ μακάριος Ἰωάννης ἔκτεινε τά χέρια του καί ἔκαμε τούτη τήν προσευχή:

—Κύριε Ἰησοῦ Χριστέ, ὁ καρπός πού περιέχει τό θεῖο ἔλεος καί τή ζωή, πού μέ τή θέλησί σου τρέφεις τίς κέδρους τοῦ Λιβάνου, δέξου τούτη τήν παράκλησι καί ἐξαπόστειλε τήν ὀργή σου σέ τοῦτο τό δένδρο καί ξερίζωσέ το ἐξ ὁλοκλήρου, γιά νά μή γίνη αἴτιο εἰδωλολατρικῆς πλάνης σέ πολλούς ἀνθρώπους.
Καί ἀμέσως ἔπνευσε βίαιος ἄνεμος καί ἀπέσπασε ἐκεῖνο τόν φοίνικα μαζί μέ τίς ρίζες του καί τόν κατέκαυσε σάν νά ᾽πεσε φωτιά. Τότε ὅλοι οἱ παρευρεθέντες, καθώς εἶδαν τό θαῦμα πού ἔγινε, φώναξαν δυνατά:

—Πράγματι, ὁ θεός πού ἔκανε αὐτό τό θαῦμα, αὐτός εἶναι ὁ ἀληθινός Θεός.
Καί λέει ὁ μακάριος Ἰωάννης στό βασιλιά:

—Πιστεύεις τώρα, ἤ κατακαίονται καί οἱ ὑπόλοιποι φοίνικες καί στερεῖσθε τῆς ζωῆς πού σᾶς παρέχουν;

Εἶπε ὁ βασιλιάς:

—Πιστεύω ὅτι ὁ Χριστός εἶναι ἀληθινός Θεός καί ὅτι αὐτός σᾶς ἀπέστειλε, γιά νά μᾶς ἐλευθερώσετε ἀπ᾽ τήν πλάνη τοῦ σκοτασμοῦ

Ἀμέσως τότε σηκώθηκαν οἱ Ἅγιοι καί ἔκτισαν μία κολυμβήθρα καί τήν ἁγίασαν, καί βάπτισαν ἐκεῖ τό βασιλιά καί τούς ἀξιωματούχους του καί ὅλο τό λαό του».




A dialogue of an atheist & Blessed Fr. Epiphanios Theodoropoulos of Athens, Greece (+1989)



A dialogue of an atheist &

Blessed Fr. Epiphanios Theodoropoulos of Athens,

Greece (+1989)

One morning, the Father Epiphanios Theodoropoulos was in a conversation with 2-3 visitors at his home. One of them was an ideological atheist and a communist.  Suddenly, someone from outside came rushing in, and informed them that the city of Athens had been flooded with photographs of Mao Tse Tung, with the inscription “Glory to the great Mao”. It was the day that the Chinese dictator had died.

Father Epiphanios: That’s the way things are, my child.  Atheists do not exist.  Only idolaters exist, who take down Christ from His throne and in His place they enthrone their own idols.  We say: “Glory be to the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit”.  They say: “Glory to the great Mao”.  You pick and choose which one you prefer.

Atheist: You also choose your drug, grandpa. The only difference is, that you call it Christ, others call it Buddha, etc. etc…

Fr. Epiphanios: My child, Christ is not a drug. Christ is the Creator of the entire universe. He is the one Who governs everything wisely, from the multitudes of infinite galaxies, down to the minutest particles of the microcosm. He has given life to all of us.  He is the One Who brought you into this world and has bestowed you with so much freedom, that you can actually doubt Him, and even deny Him.

Atheist: Grandpa, its your right to believe in all of those things.  But that doesn’t mean they are true.  Do you have any proofs?

Fr. Epiphanios: You think all of this is just a fairy tale, don’t you?

Atheist: Naturally.

Fr. Epiphanios: Do you have any proof that it is a fairy tale? Can you prove that what I believe is false?

Atheist: ……………….

Fr. Epiphanios: You didn’t reply, because you don’t have any proof either.  Which means, you believe they are fairy tales.  I spoke to you of believing, when I referred to God; you, however, although rejecting my belief, essentially believe in your faithlessness, since you cannot back it up with proofs either. However, I must tell you that my belief is not something “out of the blue”; There are certain supernatural events, upon which it is founded.

Atheist: Just a minute! Since we are talking about believing, what would you say to Muslims or Buddhists for example?  Because they also talk about believing. And they too have high moral standards.  Why is your belief better than theirs?

Fr. Epiphanios: So! The criterion of the truth is supposedly judged by this question of yours?  Because the truth is most certainly one; truths cannot be many in number. The thing is, who is the possessor of the truth? That is the major question. Hence, it is not a matter of a better or worse belief! It is a matter of the only true belief!

I agree, that other beliefs also have moral teachings. Naturally, Christianity’s moral teachings are incomparably superior. But, we do not believe in Christ because of His moral teachings. Or for His prompting to “Love one another”, or for His sermons on peace and justice, freedom and equality. We believe in Christ, because His presence on earth was accompanied by supernatural events, which was a sign that He is God.

Atheist: Look, I also admit that Christ was an important philosopher and a great revolutionary, but let’s not make Him a god now……

Fr. Epiphanios: My dear child!  All the great disbelievers in history were snagged by that detail.  The fishbone that stuck in their throat, which they just couldn’t swallow, was exactly that:  That Christ is also God.

Many of them were willing to say to God: “Don’t tell anyone that You are God incarnate; Just say that You’re an ordinary human, and we shall be more than ready to deify you. Why do You want to be an incarnate God, and not a deified human?  We are willing to glorify You, to proclaim You as the greatest among men, the holiest, the most ethical, the noblest, the unsurpassable, the one and only, the unprecedented…  Isn’t that enough for You ?

Ernest Renan –he was the head of the chorus of deniers- thunders out the following, with regard to Christ: “For tens of thousands of years, the world shall be uplifted through You”, and “You are the cornerstone of mankind; if one were to wrench Your name away from this world, it would be like shattering its foundations” and “the aeons shall proclaim that amongst the sons of men, never was there born anyone that could surpass You”.  But this is where Renan and his likes stop. Their very next phrase is: “But a God, You are not!”

And those poor wretches cannot perceive that all of these things constitute an indescribable tragedy!  Their dilemma is inevitably relentless: Either Christ is an incarnate God, in which case, He is indeed, only then, the most ethical, the holiest and noblest personage of mankind, or, He is not an incarnate God, in which case, He cannot possibly be any of these. In fact, if Christ is not God, then we are talking about the most horrible, the most atrocious and the most despicable existence in the history of mankind.

Atheist: What did you just say?

Fr. Epiphanios: Exactly what you heard!  It may be a weighty statement, but it is absolutely true. And I will tell you why.

Let me ask: What did all the truly great men say about themselves, or what opinion did they have of themselves ?

The “wisest of all men”, Socrates, proclaimed that “I came to know one thing: that I know nothing”.

All the important men in the Old and New Testament, from Abraham and Moses, through to John the Baptist and the Apostle Paul, characterized themselves as “earth and ashes”, “wretches”, “monstrosities”, etc…. [1]

But, strangely enough, Jesus’ attitude is quite the opposite!  And I say strangely enough, because it would have been natural and logical for Him to have a similar attitude. In fact, being far superior and surpassing all others, He should have had an even lower and humbler opinion of Himself [2].  Ethically more perfect than any other, He should have surpassed everyone and anyone in self-reproach and humility, from the moment of the world’s Creation to the end of Time.

But, the exact opposite is observed!

First of all, He proclaims that He is sinless: “Who among you shall check Me for sin?” (John, 8:46). “The lord of this world is coming, and he can find nothing in Me.”  (John, 14: 30)

He also pronounces very high ideas of Himself: “I am the light of the world” (John, 8, 12);  “I am the path and the truth and the life”  (John, 14: 6).

But, apart from these, He also projects demands of absolute dedication to His Person.  He even penetrates the holiest of man’s relationships, and says: “Whomsoever loves their father or mother more than Me, is not worthy of Me. and whomsoever loves their son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me” (Matthew, 10: 37).  “I came to turn man away, against his father, and the daughter against her mother and the daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law” (Matthew, 10: 35).  He even demands a life and a death of martyrdom from His disciples: “They shall deliver you to councils and flog you in their synagogues; and you shall be dragged before leaders and kings for My sake…. And brother shall deliver his brother to death and the father his son, and the children shall revolt against their parents and shall put them to death…. And you shall be hated by everyone, for my namesake…. And he that shall endure to the end, he shall be saved…. Do not fear those who destroy the body….. Whomsoever shall deny Me before mankind, I too shall deny him…. Whomsoever has forfeited his soul for My sake, shall recover it” (Matthew, 10: 17 onward).

And now I ask you:  Has anyone ever dared to demand for himself the love of mankind, forsaking their very life? Has anyone ever dared to proclaim his absolute sinlessness?  Has anyone ever dared to utter the words: “I am the truth”? (John, 14: 6)  No-one, and nowhere!  Only a God can do that. Can you imagine your Marx uttering things like that?  They would take him for a lunatic and nobody would be willing to follow him!

Now, just consider, how many people sacrificed everything for Christ’s sake, even their very life, having believed in the veracity of His words regarding Himself!  If His proclamations about Himself were false, Jesus would have been the most despicable character in history, for having led so many people to such a huge sacrifice!  What ordinary man – no matter how great, how important, how wise he may be – would deserve such a tremendous offer and sacrifice?  Well?  No-one!  Not unless he were God!

In other words: Any ordinary man that would demand such a sacrifice from his followers would have been the most loathsome person in history.  Christ, however, both demanded it, and achieved it. Yet, despite this ‘achievement’, He was proclaimed by the very deniers of His divinity as the noblest and holiest figure in history.  So, either the deniers are being illogical when they proclaim this most loathsome figure as “holiest”, or, in order to avoid any illogicality, and to rationalize the co-existence of Christ’s demands and His holiness, they must concede to accepting that Christ continues to remain the noblest and holiest figure in mankind, but, only under the condition that He is also God!  Otherwise, as we said, He would be, not the holiest, but the most loathsome figure in history, being the cause of the greatest sacrifice of all ages, and in the name of a lie!  Thus, Christ’s divinity is proved by His very deniers, on the basis of those very characterizations of His person!

Atheist: What you just said is really very impressive, but it is nothing but speculation. Do you have any historical facts that would confirm His Divinity?

Fr. Epiphanios: I told you at the beginning, that the proofs of His Divinity are the supernatural events that took place while He was here on earth.  Christ did not rest on the proclamation of the above truths alone; He certified His statements with miracles as well.  He made blind people see and cripples walk; He satisfied the hunger of five thousand men and manifold numbers of women and children with only two fish and five loaves of bread; He commanded the elements of nature and they obeyed; He resurrected the dead, amongst which was Lazarus, four days after his death. But the most astounding of all his miracles was His own Resurrection.

The entire edifice of Christianity is supported on the event of the Resurrection.  This is not my speculation. The Apostle Paul said it: “If Christ had not risen (from the dead), our faith would be futile”. (Corinthians I, 15: 17).  If Christ is not resurrected, then everything collapses. But Christ was resurrected, which means He is the Lord of life and death, therefore God.

Atheist: Did you see all of this?  How can you believe it?

Fr. Epiphanios: No, I didn’t see any of it, but others did: the Apostles. They in turn made this known to others, and they actually “signed” their testimony with their own blood. And, as everyone acknowledges, a testimony of one’s life is the supreme form of testimony.

Why don’t you likewise bring me someone, who will tell me that Marx died and was resurrected, and that he is willing to sacrifice his life in order to testify it?  I, as an honest man, will believe him.

Atheist: I will tell you. Thousands of communists were tortured and died for their ideology.  Why don’t you embrace communism in the same way?

Fr. Epiphanios: You said it yourself.  Communists died for their ideology. They didn’t die for real events.  In an ideology, it is very easy for deception to seep through; and because it is a characteristic of the human soul to sacrifice itself for something it believes in, this explains why so many communists died for their ideology. But that doesn’t compel us to accept this ideology as something true.

It is one thing to die for ideas, and another to die for events.  The Apostles didn’t die for any ideas.  Not even for the “Love one another”, or any of the other moral teachings of Christianity. The Apostles died for their testimony of supernatural events. And when we say ‘event’, we mean that which is captured by our physical senses, and is comprehended through them.

The Apostles suffered martyrdom for “that which they heard”, “that which they saw with their own eyes”, “that which they observed and their hands touched”  (John I, 1) [3]

Just like the clever speculation by Pascal, we say that one of the three following things happened to the Apostles: either they were deceived, or, they deceived us, or, they told us the truth.

Let’s take the first case.  It is not possible for the Apostles to have been deceived, because everything that they reported, was not reported to them by others.They themselves were eye and ear witnesses of all those things. Besides, none of them were imaginative characters, nor did they have any psychological inclination that made them accept the event of the Resurrection.  Quite the contrary – they were terribly distrustful.  The Gospels are extremely revealing, in their narrations of their spiritual dispositions: they even disbelieved the reassurances that some people had actually seen Him, resurrected.

And one other thing. What were the Apostles, before Christ called them?  Were they perhaps ambitious politicians or visionaries of philosophical and social systems, who were longing to conquer mankind and thus satisfy their fantasies?  Not at all.  They were illiterate fishermen. The only thing that interested them was to catch a few fish to feed their families.  That is why, even after the Lord’s Crucifixion, and despite everything that they had heard and seen, they returned to their fishing boats and their nets. In other words, there was not a single trace of disposition in these men for the things that were to follow.  It was only after the day of the Pentecost, “when they received strength from on high”, that they became the teachers of the universe.

The second case:  Did they deceive us?  Did they lie to us?  But then, why would they deceive us?  What would they gain by lying?  Was it money? Was it status?  Was it glory?  For someone to tell a lie, he must be expecting some sort of gain.  The Apostles though, by preaching Christ – and in fact Christ crucified and resurrected – the only things that they secured for themselves were: hardships, labours, lashings, stonings, shipwrecks, hunger, thirst, nakedness, attacks from robbers, beatings, incarcerations and finally, death.  And all this, for a lie?  It would be undoubtedly foolish for anyone to even consider it.

Consequently, the Apostles were neither deceived, nor did they deceive us. This leaves us with the third choice: that they told us the truth.

I should also stress something else here:  The Evangelists are the only ones who recorded true historical events. They describe the events, and only the events. They do not resort to any personal judgments.  They praise no-one, and they criticize no-one.  They make no attempt to exaggerate an event, nor eliminate or underestimate another.  They let the events speak for themselves.

Atheist: Are you excluding the possibility that in Christ’s case, it was just an incident of apparent death?  The other day, the newspapers had written about someone in India whom they buried and three days later they exhumed him and he was still alive.

Fr. Epiphanios: My poor child!  I will recall the words of the blessed Augustine again:  “O faithless ones, you are not actually mistrustful; indeed, you are the most gullible of all.  You accept the most improbable things, and the most irrational, the most contradictory, in order to deny a miracle!”

No, my child. It was not a case of apparent death with Christ. First of all, we have the testimony of the Roman centurion, who reassured Pilate that Christ’s death was a certainty.

Then, our Gospel informs us that on the same day of His Resurrection, the Lord was seen talking with two of His disciples, walking towards Emmaus, which was more than ten kilometers away from Jerusalem.

Can you imagine someone, who could go through all the tortures that Christ underwent, and three days after His “apparent death”, spring back again?  If anything, he would have to be fed chicken soup for forty days, in order to be able to open his eyes, let alone walk and talk as though nothing had happened!

As for the Hindu, bring him here to be flogged with a scourge – do you know what a scourge is? It is a whip, whose lashes each have a lead chunk or a piece of broken bone or sharp nails attached to their end – bring him here, so we can flog him, then force a crown of thorns on his head, crucify him, give him bile and vinegar to drink, then pierce his side with a spear, put him in a tomb, and then, if he comes back from the dead, then we can talk.

Atheist: Even so, but all the testimonies that you have invoked belong to Christ’s Disciples.  Is there any testimony on this matter, that doesn’t come from the circle of His Disciples?  Are there any historians for example, who can certify Christ’s Resurrection?  If so, then I will also believe what you say.

Fr. Epiphanios: You poor child!  You don’t know what you’re saying now!  If there had been such historians who had witnessed Christ resurrected, they would have been compelled to believe in His Resurrection and would have recorded it as believers, in which case, you would again have rejected their testimony, just like you rejected Peter’s testimony, John’s testimony, etc.  How can it be possible, for someone to actually witness the Resurrection and yet, NOT become a Christian?  You are asking for a roasted fowl, on a waxen skewer, that also sings!  It just can’t be done !

I will remind you though – because you are asking for historians – of what I said earlier: that the only true historians are the Apostles.

Nevertheless, we do have testimony of the kind that you want; and it is by someone who didn’t belong to the circle of His Disciples: it was Paul.  Paul not only wasn’t a Disciple of Christ, he actually persecuted Christ’s Church relentlessly.

Atheist: They say that Paul suffered from sunstroke and that it was the cause of his hallucination.

Fr. Epiphanios: My child, if Paul was hallucinating, the thing that would have come to the surface, would have been his subconscious.  And in Paul’s subconscious, the Patriarchs and the Prophets would have been top ranking.  He would have hallucinated about Abraham, and Jacob and Moses, and not Jesus, whom he considered a rabble-rouser and a fraud!

Can you imagine a faithful old granny seeing Buddha or Jupiter in her dream or delirium?  She would most probably see Saint Nicholas or Saint Barbara, because she believes in them.

One more thing. With Paul, we have –as Papini notes- the following miraculous phenomena:  First of all, the abruptness of his conversion. Straight from faithlessness to faith. With no intermediate preparatory stage.  Secondly, the steadfastness of his faith. No wavering, no doubts.  And thirdly, his faith lasted for a whole lifetime.  Do you believe that all these things can occur after a case of sunstroke?  They can in no way be attributed to such a cause.  If you can explain how, then explain it.  If you can’t, then you must admit the miracle.  And you must know that for a man of his time, Paul was exceptionally well-educated. He was not your average little person, who was totally clueless.

I will also add something else.  We today, my child, are living in an exceptional era. We are living the miracle of Christ’s Church.

When Christ said of His Church that “the gates of Hades shall not overpower Her” (Matthew 16:18), His followers were very few in number. Almost two thousand years have passed, since that day. Empires vanished, philosophical systems were forgotten, world theories collapsed. But Christ’s Church remains indestructible, despite the continuous and dramatic persecutions it has undergone. Isn’t that a miracle?

And one final thing.  In Luke’s Gospel it says that when the Holy Mother visited Elizabeth (the Baptist’s mother) after the Annunciation, she was greeted with the words: “blessed are you amongst women”.  And the Holy Mother replied as follows: “My heart magnifies the Lord. Behold, from this moment on, all generations shall call me blessed” (a’ 48).

What was the Holy Mother at that time?  She was just an obscure daughter of Nazareth. How many knew her?  And yet, since that day, empresses have been forgotten, distinguished women’s names have been extinguished, the mothers and wives of great generals went into oblivion. Who remembers, or even knows, Napoleon’s mother or Alexander the Great’s mother? Almost no-one.  But, millions of lips across every length and breadth of the world, throughout the ages, venerate that humble daughter of Nazareth, the “more precious than the Cherubim and incomparably more glorious than the Seraphim”.  Are we, or aren’t we –the people of the twentieth century– living in this day and age the verification of those words of the Holy Mother?

The exact same things are observed in a “secondary” prophecy of Christ:  While He was staying at the house of Simon the leper, a woman came to Him and poured her expensive fragrant oil over His head. Christ commented: “Amen, verily I say to you, that wherever this gospel will be preached in the world, it will also mention what this woman did, in her memory” (Matthew, 26: 13).  Now, how large was His circle of followers at the time, so that one could say that they outdid themselves in order that their Master’s prophecy be fulfilled?  Especially a prophecy such as this one, which, by today’s world standards, is of no importance to most people.

Are they or aren’t they miracles?  If you can, explain them.   But if you can’t, then admit them as such.

Atheist: I have to admit that your arguments are pretty solid. But I would like to ask you one more thing:  Don’t you think that Christ left His work unfinished?  That is, unless He deserted us.  I can’t imagine a God that would remain indifferent to mankind’s suffering.  We are down here toiling, while He, up there, remains apathetic.

Fr. Epiphanios: No, my child.  You aren’t right. Christ did not leave His work unfinished.  On the contrary, He is the one unique case in history where a person has the certainty that His mission was accomplished, and had nothing further to do or to say.

Even the greatest of philosophers, Socrates, who discussed and taught during his whole lifetime, and towards the end composed an intricate “Apology”, would have even more to say, if he had lived.

Only Christ – in the time bracket of three years – taught what He had to teach, did what He had to do, and finally said (on the Cross): “It is finished”.  Another sample of His divine perfection and authority.

As for the abandonment that you mentioned, I can understand your concern.  Without Christ, the world would be a theatre of insanity.  Without Christ, you cannot explain anything: why are there sorrows, why injustices, why failures, why sicknesses, why, why, why…. Thousands of monumental “why”s.

Try to understand!  Man cannot approach all of these “why”s with his finite logic.  It is only through Christ that everything can be explained. All these trials merely precondition us for eternity. Perhaps then, we might be honored by the Lord with a reply to some of those “why”s.

It might be worthwhile, if I read you a beautiful poem* from Constantine Kallinikos’ collection “Laurels and Myrtles”, with the title “Questions”:

I asked a desert father of seventy years,

whose silver strands were blown by the wind:

Tell me o father, why, on this earth,

do the light and the dark inseparably move ?

And why must they – like twins – together sprout:

the thorn and the rose, the tear and the smile?

Why, in the loveliest part of the woodland green

have scorpions and vipers concealed their nests?

Why must it be, that the tender bud,

before unfolding its fragrant bloom,

be struck by a worm in the heart of its stem,

And left to die, like a shrivelled rag ?

Why are the plow, the seed and the hands

a must for the wheat, to become our bread?

Why must everything useful, noble, divine

always be purchased with tears and our blood,

while selfishness ever  rampantly reigns,

and lewdness is swallowing up the world?

And why, amongst such harmony around,

must tumult and disorder find their way?

The hermit replied, with his somber voice

and right arm pointing to the sky,

that there, beyond those clouds of gold,

the Almighty weaves a tapestry divine.

But since we are wanderers of the lower plane

We see nothing but the knots and strings below,

It is no wonder, why the mind sees wrong,

when it should always be thankful and give praise:

for the day will come, when Christians all,

with souls that ride the skies with wings,

will gaze atop God’s tapestry and see

how careful and orderly everything was!

My child, Christ never abandoned us.  He is forever with us, as a helper and a supporter, until the end of time.  But you will realize this, only when you become a conscientious member of His Church and be joined by Her Sacraments.


Counsels for Life – From the Life and Teachings of Father Epiphanios

Orthodox Kypseli Publications

Thessalonica GREECE, 2005

Video: Saint John Maximovitch of San Francisco, CA, USA – Fr. Serge Kotar







Saint John Maximovitch of San Francisco, CA, USA

by Fr. Serge Kotar

Αγίες Χλόη, Δάμαρις, Πρίσκιλλα Ιουνία, Φοίβη, Συντύχη, Τρυφαίνα, Τρυφώσα, Μαριάμ, Ευοδία & Περσίδα, οι συνεργάτριες του Αποστόλου Παύλου (+1ος αιώνας)






Αγίες Χλόη, Δάμαρις, Πρίσκιλλα, Ιουνία, Φοίβη

Συντύχη, Τρυφαίνα, Τρυφώσα, Μαριάμ, Ευοδία & Περσίδα,

οι συνεργάτριες του Αποστόλου Παύλου

(+1ος αιώνας)

16 - 4.jpg

Αγία Χλόη η συνεργάτρια του Αποστόλου Παύλου (+1ος αι.)

14 Φεβρουαρίου

Η Αγία Χλόη, που ήταν Κορίνθια (κι όχι Εφέσια όπως αναφέρουν μερικές συναξαριστικές πηγές) ήταν μια πολύ αξιόλογη συνεργάτρια του Απόστολου Παύλου στην Εκκλησία της Κορίνθου.

Η Χλόη ήταν πνευματικά συνδεδεμένη με το μεγάλο Απόστολο του Χριστού. Παραστεκόταν τον Απόστολο στην ιεραποστολική του διακονία, όσο της ήταν δυνατό να το κάνει. Αγωνιούσε για την προκοπή της Εκκλησίας της Κορίνθου και ζούσε κι αυτή κάτι από την αγωνία του Αποστόλου. Γι’ αυτό, όταν προέκυψαν σ’ αυτή την Εκκλησία έριδες, έσπευσε και ενημέρωσε με ανθρώπους του σπιτιού της τον Απόστολο Παύλο, εκεί στην Έφεσο, όπου τότε βρισκόταν. Ο στίχος είναι σαφής: «ἐδηλώθη γάρ μοι περὶ ὑμῶν, ἀδελφοί μου, ὑπὸ τῶν Χλόης ὅτι ἔριδες ἐν ὑμῖν εἰσι». (Α’ Κορ. α, 11). Αυτή η ενημέρωση στάθηκε σαν βασική αιτία να γράψει ο Απόστολος την πρώτη του επιστολή προς Κορινθίους.

Η ενημέρωση αυτή που έσπευσε και έκανε η Χλόη στον απόστολο Παύλο, μαρτυρεί όλο τον εσωτερικό κόσμο αυτής της ψυχής καθώς και την βαθιά της πίστη στον Χριστό. Γι’ αυτό και η Αγία Χλόη, δεν ήθελε να υπάρχουν έριδες. Δεν ήθελε να γίνονται φιλονικίες. Δεν ήθελε να κομματιάζονται οι πιστοί. Δεν ήθελε πολλές ομάδες πιστών, αλλά μια και μόνο. Εκείνην που φρονούσε: «ἐγὼ δὲ Χριστοῦ» (Α’ Κορ. α, 12). Γιατί έτσι φρονούσε κι αυτής η καλή ψυχή. Να είναι η Εκκλησία της Κορίνθου ένα σώμα με κεφαλή το Χριστό. Έτσι, όπως το σημειώνει αυτό ο Απόστολος στην επιστολή του προς Κολασσαείς. «καὶ Continue reading “Αγίες Χλόη, Δάμαρις, Πρίσκιλλα Ιουνία, Φοίβη, Συντύχη, Τρυφαίνα, Τρυφώσα, Μαριάμ, Ευοδία & Περσίδα, οι συνεργάτριες του Αποστόλου Παύλου (+1ος αιώνας)”